1806 Pike expedition: Lieutenant Zebulon Pike sees a distant mountain peak while near the Colorado foothills of the Rocky Mountains (it is later named Pikes Peak).
1850 The Compromise of 1850 transfers a third of Texas's claimed territory (now parts of Colorado, Kansas, New Mexico, Oklahoma, and Wyoming) to federal control in return for the U.S. federal government assuming $10 million of Texas's pre-annexation debt.
1858 Denver, Colorado is founded.
1861 Colorado is organized as a United States territory.
1876 Colorado is admitted as the 38th U.S. state.
1889 In Colorado, Nicholas Creede strikes it rich in silver during the last great silver boom of the American Old West.
1893 Women in the U.S. state of Colorado are granted the right to vote.
1894 Governor Davis H. Waite orders the Colorado state militia to protect and support the miners engaged in the Cripple Creek miners' strike.
1914 Forty-five men, women, and children die in the Ludlow Massacre during a Colorado coal-miner's strike.
1954 President Dwight D. Eisenhower authorizes the creation of the United States Air Force Academy in Colorado.
1970 A plane carrying the Wichita State University football team, administrators, and supporters crashes in Colorado killing 31 people.
1996 Gay rights: The Supreme Court of the United States rules in ''Romer v. Evans'' against a law that would have prevented any city, town or county in the state of Colorado from taking any legislative, executive, or judicial action to protect the rights of gays and lesbians.