(1)   The most commonly used illicit drug; considered a soft drug, it consists of the dried leaves of the hemp plant; smoked or chewed for euphoric effect
(2)   Any plant of the genus Cannabis; a coarse bushy annual with palmate leaves and clusters of small green flowers; yields tough fibers and narcotic drugs


From from both meaning "hemp", from a Scythian or Thracian word of which the origins before those are not certain, but possibly the Semitic kanbos. Related to English canvas, and [probably] hemp. Related to Russian konoplja, Lithuanian kanapes "hemp," Persian kanab, Hebrew קַנַּבּוֹס (qěnēh bośem/ qannabbôs/kaneh-bosm), meaning "hemp", Aramaic kannabos "hemp", Syriac qanpa/qunnappa, Old Akkadian qunnabtu, Neo-Assyrian and Neo-Babylonian qunnabu, refering to hemp as "a way to produce smoke."
Unlikely, yet alternate etymology proposed has the Greek cannabis < Arabic kunnab < Syriac qunnappa/qanpa < Hebrew pannag (= Hindi भांग and Urdu بھانگ, and bang in Persian, all from Sanskrit भङ्ग bhanga .


  1. A tall annual dioecious plant (Cannabis sativa), native to central Asia and having alternate, palmately divided leaves and tough bast fibers.
  2. Any of several mildly euphoriant, intoxicating hallucinogenic drugs, such as ganja, hashish, or marijuana, prepared from various parts of this plant.

Scientific names