Inorganic compounds have traditionally been considered to be of inanimate, non-biological origin. In contrast, organic compounds have an explicit biological origin. However, over the past century, the classification of inorganic vs organic compounds has become less important to scientists,...
with the formula
A chemical formula or molecular formula is a way of expressing information about the atoms that constitute a particular chemical compound....
Zinc , or spelter , is a metallic chemical element; it has the symbol Zn and atomic number 30. It is the first element in group 12 of the periodic table. Zinc is, in some respects, chemically similar to magnesium, because its ion is of similar size and its only common oxidation state is +2...
A sulfide is an anion of sulfur in its lowest oxidation state of 2-. Sulfide is also a slightly archaic term for thioethers, a common type of organosulfur compound that are well known for their bad odors.- Properties :...
. ZnS is the main form of zinc in nature, where it mainly occurs as the mineral sphalerite
Sphalerite is a mineral that is the chief ore of zinc. It consists largely of zinc sulfide in crystalline form but almost always contains variable iron. When iron content is high it is an opaque black variety, marmatite. It is usually found in association with galena, pyrite, and other sulfides...
. Although the mineral is black owing to impurities, the pure material is white and is in fact used widely as a pigment.
ZnS exists in two main forms, and this dualism is often a textbook example of polymorphism
Polymorphism or dimorphism may refer to:-Biology:* Polymorphism , including:** having multiple phenotypes within a population; the switch that determines which phenotype an individual displays can be genetic or environmental...
. In both polymorphs, the coordination geometry at Zn and S are tetrahedral.