Zeppelin LZ13
The Zeppelin
A Zeppelin is a type of rigid airship pioneered by the German Count Ferdinand von Zeppelin in the early 20th century. It was based on designs he had outlined in 1874 and detailed in 1893. His plans were reviewed by committee in 1894 and patented in the United States on 14 March 1899...

 LZ 13 Hansa (or simply Hansa) was a German civilian rigid airship
Rigid airship
A rigid airship is a type of airship in which the envelope retained its shape by the use of an internal structural framework rather than by being forced into shape by the pressure of the lifting gas within the envelope as used in blimps and semi-rigid airships.Rigid airships were produced and...

 first flown in 1912 with a volume of 18,700 cubic metres. It was first operated by DELAG
DELAG, an acronym from was the world's first airline to use an aircraft in revenue service. It was founded on November 16, 1909 with government assistance, and operated airships manufactured by Zeppelin Corporation...

 to carry passengers and post
Mail, or post, is a system for transporting letters and other tangible objects: written documents, typically enclosed in envelopes, and also small packages are delivered to destinations around the world. Anything sent through the postal system is called mail or post.In principle, a postal service...

 and flew the first scheduled international passenger flights (starting with the visit to Denmark and Sweden in September 1912). At the outbreak of World War I
World War I
World War I , which was predominantly called the World War or the Great War from its occurrence until 1939, and the First World War or World War I thereafter, was a major war centred in Europe that began on 28 July 1914 and lasted until 11 November 1918...

, the German military requisitioned it for use in attack flights, reconnaissance, and finally as a training airship.

Civilian flights

The closed passenger cabin was attached to the hull behind the open control cabin and had room for 24 passengers.
Count Zeppelin
Ferdinand von Zeppelin
Ferdinand Adolf Heinrich August Graf von Zeppelin was a German general and later aircraft manufacturer. He founded the Zeppelin Airship company...

 commanded the Hansa on the first commercial airship flight from to Denmark
Denmark is a Scandinavian country in Northern Europe. The countries of Denmark and Greenland, as well as the Faroe Islands, constitute the Kingdom of Denmark . It is the southernmost of the Nordic countries, southwest of Sweden and south of Norway, and bordered to the south by Germany. Denmark...

 and Sweden
Sweden , officially the Kingdom of Sweden , is a Nordic country on the Scandinavian Peninsula in Northern Europe. Sweden borders with Norway and Finland and is connected to Denmark by a bridge-tunnel across the Öresund....

 in 1912-09-19);

This was the first time a commercial Zeppelin flew outside Germany. Click on the blue globes to see the route taken:
  • 03:55 53°33′N 9°59′E early morning launch from Hamburg
    -History:The first historic name for the city was, according to Claudius Ptolemy's reports, Treva.But the city takes its modern name, Hamburg, from the first permanent building on the site, a castle whose construction was ordered by the Emperor Charlemagne in AD 808...

    , Germany;
  • 07:15 54°35′N 11°31′E over the Hyllekrog spit
    Spit (landform)
    A spit or sandspit is a deposition landform found off coasts. At one end, spits connect to land, and extend into the sea. A spit is a type of bar or beach that develops where a re-entrant occurs, such as at cove's headlands, by the process of longshore drift...

     on Lolland
    Lolland is the fourth largest island of Denmark, with an area of 1,243 square kilometers . Located in the Baltic sea, it is part of Region Sjælland...

  • 07:20 54°34′N 11°56′E over Gedser
    Gedser is a town at the southern tip of the Danish island of Falster in the Guldborgsund Municipality in Sjælland region. It is the southernmost town in Denmark. The town has a population of 809...

  • 08:00 54°46.5′N 11°30.5′E over Maribo
    Maribo is a town in Lolland municipality in Region Sjælland on the island of Lolland in south Denmark. To the north of Maribo is Nørresø and to the south is Søndersø . Søndersø is the largest lake on Lolland...

  • 08:25 55°0′30"N 11°54′37"E over Vordingborg
    Vordingborg is a municipality in Region Sjælland on the southeast coast of the island of Zealand in south Denmark. The municipality includes the island of Masnedø, and covers an area of 621 km². It has a total population of 46,600...

  • 08:40 55°15′N 12°08′E over Faxe
    Faxe or Fakse is a town in Denmark in Region Sjælland on the island of Zealand.Before the Danish Kommunalreformen , Fakse was also a municipality...

  • 09:10 55°25′N 12°09′E over Herfølge
    Herfølge is a suburb of the town of Køge, located about 5 kilometres south of central Køge, and is a part of Køge Municipality. The suburb is connected with direct train to Køge, Næstved and Roskilde.- Residential areas :...

  • 09:30 55°27′N 12°11′E over Køge
    Køge Municipality is a municipality in Region Sjælland on the east coast of the island of Zealand approx. 40 km. southwest of Copenhagen. The municipality covers an area of 255 km² , and has a total population of 56,637...

  • 10:00 55°39′N 12°18′E over Taastrup
    Taastrup is a Danish satellite-city of Copenhagen and the administrative seat of Høje-Taastrup Municipality, Region Hovedstaden. The population in 2011 is 32,406 .-Geography:...

  • 10:20 55°41′N 12°34′E landed at Copenhagen
    Copenhagen is the capital and largest city of Denmark, with an urban population of 1,199,224 and a metropolitan population of 1,930,260 . With the completion of the transnational Øresund Bridge in 2000, Copenhagen has become the centre of the increasingly integrating Øresund Region...

    , where people wrote postcards to family in Germany;
  • 11:55 55°35′N 13°2′E launched from Copenhagen and flew over Malmö
    Malmö , in the southernmost province of Scania, is the third most populous city in Sweden, after Stockholm and Gothenburg.Malmö is the seat of Malmö Municipality and the capital of Skåne County...

  • 13:30 54°46′N 11°53′E over Nykøbing Falster
    Nykøbing Falster
    Nykøbing Falster is a southern Danish city, seat of the Guldborgsund kommune. It belongs to Region Sjælland. The city lies on Falster, connected by the 295-meter-long Frederick IX Bridge over the Guldborgsund waterway to the island of Lolland. The town has a population of 16,464...

  • 15:30 53°52′N 10°41′E over Lübeck
    The Hanseatic City of Lübeck is the second-largest city in Schleswig-Holstein, in northern Germany, and one of the major ports of Germany. It was for several centuries the "capital" of the Hanseatic League and, because of its Brick Gothic architectural heritage, is listed by UNESCO as a World...

  • 16:40 53°33′N 9°59′E landed back in Hamburg.

During two years of commercial DELAG service it carried 6,217 passengers on 399 flights, covering 44,437 kilometres.

Military use

  • The military added a platform to the top of the hull and installed two machine guns.
  • attack missions on France and reconnaissance missions over the Baltic Sea
    Baltic Sea
    The Baltic Sea is a brackish mediterranean sea located in Northern Europe, from 53°N to 66°N latitude and from 20°E to 26°E longitude. It is bounded by the Scandinavian Peninsula, the mainland of Europe, and the Danish islands. It drains into the Kattegat by way of the Øresund, the Great Belt and...

     (involved in the taking of Liepāja
    Liepāja ; ), is a republican city in western Latvia, located on the Baltic Sea directly at 21°E. It is the largest city in the Kurzeme Region of Latvia, the third largest city in Latvia after Riga and Daugavpils and an important ice-free port...

  • From early 1915 used as a training airship, making over 500 flights over Berlin.
  • Dismantled in August 1916.

Further reading

The source of this article is wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.  The text of this article is licensed under the GFDL.