Zamboanga del Norte
Overview
 
Zamboanga del Norteor simply known as ZANORTE is a province
Provinces of the Philippines
The Provinces of the Philippines are the primary political and administrative divisions of the Philippines. There are 80 provinces at present, further subdivided into component cities and municipalities. The National Capital Region, as well as independent cities, are autonomous from any provincial...

 of the Philippines
Philippines
The Philippines , officially known as the Republic of the Philippines , is a country in Southeast Asia in the western Pacific Ocean. To its north across the Luzon Strait lies Taiwan. West across the South China Sea sits Vietnam...

 located in the Zamboanga Peninsula
Zamboanga Peninsula
Zamboanga Peninsula / Western Mindanao is a peninsula and an administrative region in the Philippines. Designated as Region IX, the region consists of three provinces, namely, Zamboanga del Norte, Zamboanga del Sur, and Zamboanga Sibugay, its component cities of Dipolog, Dapitan, Pagadian, and...

 region
Regions of the Philippines
In the Philippines, regions are administrative divisions that serve primarily to organize the provinces of the country for administrative convenience. Currently, the archipelagic republic of the Philippines is divided into 17 regions...

 in Mindanao
Mindanao
Mindanao is the second largest and easternmost island in the Philippines. It is also the name of one of the three island groups in the country, which consists of the island of Mindanao and smaller surrounding islands. The other two are Luzon and the Visayas. The island of Mindanao is called The...

. Its capital is Dipolog City
Dipolog City
The City of Dipolog is a 1st class city and the capital of the province of Zamboanga del Norte on the southern Philippine island of Mindanao...

 and the province borders Zamboanga del Sur
Zamboanga del Sur
Zamboanga del Sur is a province of the Philippines located in the Zamboanga Peninsula region in Mindanao. Pagadian City is the capital...

 and Zamboanga Sibugay
Zamboanga Sibugay
Zamboanga Sibugay is a province of the Philippines located in the Zamboanga Peninsula region in Mindanao. Its capital is Ipil and it borders Zamboanga del Norte to the north, Zamboanga del Sur to the east and Zamboanga City to the southwest. To the south lies Sibuguey Bay in the Moro Gulf...

 to the south and Misamis Occidental
Misamis Occidental
Misamis Occidental is a province of the Philippines located in the Northern Mindanao region. Its capital is Oroquieta City...

 to the east. The Sulu Sea
Sulu Sea
The Sulu Sea is a body of water in the southwestern area of the Philippines, separated from the South China Sea in the northwest by Palawan and from the Celebes Sea in the southeast by the Sulu Archipelago. Borneo is found to the southwest and Visayas to the northeast.Sulu Sea contains a number of...

 lies to the northwest of Zamboanga del Norte. Zamboanga del Norte is the Largest province of Zamboanga Peninsula
Zamboanga Peninsula
Zamboanga Peninsula / Western Mindanao is a peninsula and an administrative region in the Philippines. Designated as Region IX, the region consists of three provinces, namely, Zamboanga del Norte, Zamboanga del Sur, and Zamboanga Sibugay, its component cities of Dipolog, Dapitan, Pagadian, and...

 in terms of land area.
Zamboanga del Norte has a population of 823,130 according to the 2000 census.
Encyclopedia
Zamboanga del Norteor simply known as ZANORTE is a province
Provinces of the Philippines
The Provinces of the Philippines are the primary political and administrative divisions of the Philippines. There are 80 provinces at present, further subdivided into component cities and municipalities. The National Capital Region, as well as independent cities, are autonomous from any provincial...

 of the Philippines
Philippines
The Philippines , officially known as the Republic of the Philippines , is a country in Southeast Asia in the western Pacific Ocean. To its north across the Luzon Strait lies Taiwan. West across the South China Sea sits Vietnam...

 located in the Zamboanga Peninsula
Zamboanga Peninsula
Zamboanga Peninsula / Western Mindanao is a peninsula and an administrative region in the Philippines. Designated as Region IX, the region consists of three provinces, namely, Zamboanga del Norte, Zamboanga del Sur, and Zamboanga Sibugay, its component cities of Dipolog, Dapitan, Pagadian, and...

 region
Regions of the Philippines
In the Philippines, regions are administrative divisions that serve primarily to organize the provinces of the country for administrative convenience. Currently, the archipelagic republic of the Philippines is divided into 17 regions...

 in Mindanao
Mindanao
Mindanao is the second largest and easternmost island in the Philippines. It is also the name of one of the three island groups in the country, which consists of the island of Mindanao and smaller surrounding islands. The other two are Luzon and the Visayas. The island of Mindanao is called The...

. Its capital is Dipolog City
Dipolog City
The City of Dipolog is a 1st class city and the capital of the province of Zamboanga del Norte on the southern Philippine island of Mindanao...

 and the province borders Zamboanga del Sur
Zamboanga del Sur
Zamboanga del Sur is a province of the Philippines located in the Zamboanga Peninsula region in Mindanao. Pagadian City is the capital...

 and Zamboanga Sibugay
Zamboanga Sibugay
Zamboanga Sibugay is a province of the Philippines located in the Zamboanga Peninsula region in Mindanao. Its capital is Ipil and it borders Zamboanga del Norte to the north, Zamboanga del Sur to the east and Zamboanga City to the southwest. To the south lies Sibuguey Bay in the Moro Gulf...

 to the south and Misamis Occidental
Misamis Occidental
Misamis Occidental is a province of the Philippines located in the Northern Mindanao region. Its capital is Oroquieta City...

 to the east. The Sulu Sea
Sulu Sea
The Sulu Sea is a body of water in the southwestern area of the Philippines, separated from the South China Sea in the northwest by Palawan and from the Celebes Sea in the southeast by the Sulu Archipelago. Borneo is found to the southwest and Visayas to the northeast.Sulu Sea contains a number of...

 lies to the northwest of Zamboanga del Norte. Zamboanga del Norte is the Largest province of Zamboanga Peninsula
Zamboanga Peninsula
Zamboanga Peninsula / Western Mindanao is a peninsula and an administrative region in the Philippines. Designated as Region IX, the region consists of three provinces, namely, Zamboanga del Norte, Zamboanga del Sur, and Zamboanga Sibugay, its component cities of Dipolog, Dapitan, Pagadian, and...

 in terms of land area.

Demographics

Zamboanga del Norte has a population of 823,130 according to the 2000 census. Its population density is 124/km². It is ranked 27th among the provinces both in terms of population and population density.

The main language spoken is Subanon. Zamboangueño
Chavacano language
Chavacano or Chabacano, sometimes referred to by linguists as Philippine Creole Spanish, is a Spanish-based creole language spoken in the Philippines...

/Chavacano
Chavacano language
Chavacano or Chabacano, sometimes referred to by linguists as Philippine Creole Spanish, is a Spanish-based creole language spoken in the Philippines...

, Cebuano
Cebuano language
Cebuano, referred to by most of its speakers as Bisaya , is an Austronesian language spoken in the Philippines by about 20 million people mostly in the Central Visayas. It is the most widely spoken of the languages within the so-named Bisayan subgroup and is closely related to other Filipino...

, English
English language
English is a West Germanic language that arose in the Anglo-Saxon kingdoms of England and spread into what was to become south-east Scotland under the influence of the Anglian medieval kingdom of Northumbria...

 and Tagalog
Tagalog language
Tagalog is an Austronesian language spoken as a first language by a third of the population of the Philippines and as a second language by most of the rest. It is the first language of the Philippine region IV and of Metro Manila...

 are also spoken, indicative of a high level of literacy.

Economy

About half of the province's land area is devoted to agriculture
Agriculture
Agriculture is the cultivation of animals, plants, fungi and other life forms for food, fiber, and other products used to sustain life. Agriculture was the key implement in the rise of sedentary human civilization, whereby farming of domesticated species created food surpluses that nurtured the...

. Corn, coconut, and rice are the major crops. The province being rich in marine and mineral sources, its fish production has accelerated through the development of fishponds. Commercial fishing has likewise steadily increased through the years, with the yellow fin tuna as the primary species.

In 2006, a study by National Statistics Coordination Board (NSCB), found Zamboanga del Norte Province to be the Philippines's poorest with a poverty
Poverty
Poverty is the lack of a certain amount of material possessions or money. Absolute poverty or destitution is inability to afford basic human needs, which commonly includes clean and fresh water, nutrition, health care, education, clothing and shelter. About 1.7 billion people are estimated to live...

 incidence rate of 64.6% in 2003, an increase from 47% in year 2000 statistical figures. http://www.nscb.gov.ph/pressreleases/2006/06Jun06_PR-200606-SS1-04_poverty.asp

Political

Zamboanga del Norte is subdivided into 25 municipalities and 2 cities
Cities of the Philippines
A city is a tier of local government in the Philippines. All Philippine cities are chartered cities, whose existence as corporate and administrative entities is governed by their own specific charters in addition to the Local Government Code of 1991, which specifies the administrative structure...

. These are further subdivided into 691 barangay
Barangay
A barangay is the smallest administrative division in the Philippines and is the native Filipino term for a village, district or ward...

s, and clustered into 3 congressional districts.

Municipalities

  • Leon B. Postigo
    Bacungan, Zamboanga del Norte
    Bacungan is a 3rd class municipality in the province of Zamboanga del Norte, Philippines. According to the 2000 census, it has a population of 19,550 people in 3,802 households.-Barangays:Bacungan is politically subdivided into 18 barangays....

     (Bacungan)
  • Baliguian
    Baliguian, Zamboanga del Norte
    Baliguian is a 3rd class municipality in the province of Zamboanga del Norte, Philippines. According to the 2000 census, it has a population of 15,631 people in 2,771 households.-Barangays:Baliguian is politically subdivided into 17 barangays....

  • Godod
    Godod, Zamboanga del Norte
    Godod is a 4th class municipality in the province of Zamboanga del Norte, Philippines. According to the 2000 census, it has a population of 15,139 people in 2,877 households.-Barangays:Godod is politically subdivided into 17 barangays.* Baluno...

     (17)
  • Gutalac
    Gutalac, Zamboanga del Norte
    Gutalac is a municipality in the province of Zamboanga del Norte, Philippines. According to the 2000 census, it has a population of 28,215 people in 5,366 households.-Barangays:Gutalac is politically subdivided into 33 barangays.* Bacong* Bagong Silang...

  • Jose Dalman
    Jose Dalman, Zamboanga del Norte
    Jose Dalman is a 4th class municipality in the province of Zamboanga del Norte, Philippines. According to the 2000 census, it has a population of 23,322 people in 4,212 households.-Barangays:Jose Dalman is politically subdivided into 18 barangays....

     (Ponot)
  • Kalawit
    Kalawit, Zamboanga del Norte
    Kalawit is a 4th class municipality in the province of Zamboanga del Norte, Philippines. According to the 2000 census, it has a population of 21,372 people in 4,077 households.-Barangays:Kalawit is politically subdivided into 14 barangays.* Batayan...

  • Katipunan
    Katipunan, Zamboanga del Norte
    Katipunan is a 3rd class municipality in the province of Zamboanga del Norte, Philippines. According to the 2000 census, it has a population of 37,448 people in 7,576 households.-History:In 1955, six barrios were created:...

  • La Libertad
    La Libertad, Zamboanga del Norte
    La Libertad is a 5th class municipality in the province of Zamboanga del Norte, Philippines. According to the 2000 census, it has a population of 7,419 people in 1,617 households.-Barangays:La Libertad is politically subdivided into 13 barangays....

  • Labason
    Labason, Zamboanga del Norte
    Labason is a 2nd class municipality in the province of Zamboanga del Norte, Philippines. According to the 2000 census, it has a population of 33,528 people in 6,702 households including the gifted and handsome "DAVE".-History:...

  • Liloy
    Liloy, Zamboanga del Norte
    Liloy is a 3rd class municipality in the province of Zamboanga del Norte, Philippines. It embraces 37 barangays with a total land area of 12,843 hectares with a total estimated population of 36,948 in 1995. It is mainly as agricultural community whose existing economy relies mostly on crop...

  • Manukan
    Manukan, Zamboanga del Norte
    Manukan is a municipality in the province of Zamboanga del Norte in the Zamboanga Peninsula in the island of Mindanao, Philippines. A 3rd class municipality with population of 33,129. It is located 38 kilometers west of Dipolog City, the provincial capital, and 282 kilometers westward to Zamboanga...

  • Mutia
    Mutia, Zamboanga del Norte
    Mutia is a 6th class municipality in the province of Zamboanga del Norte, Philippines. According to the 2000 census, it has a population of 9,806 people in 1,889 households.-Barangays:Mutia is politically subdivided into 16 barangays.* Alvenda...

  • Piñan
    Piñan, Zamboanga del Norte
    Piñan is a 4th class municipality in the province of Zamboanga del Norte, Philippines. According to the 2000 census, it has a population of 17,950 people in 3,614 households.-Barangays:Piñan is politically subdivided into 22 barangays.** Bacuyong...

     (New Piñan)
  • Polanco
    Polanco, Zamboanga del Norte
    Polanco is a 3rd class municipality in the province of Zamboanga del Norte, Philippines. According to the 2000 census, it has a population of 34,557 people in 7,092 household. Most of land of Polanco are own by the one most influential family of Realiza led by Don Gaudencio N...

  • Pres. Manuel A. Roxas
    Pres. Manuel A. Roxas, Zamboanga del Norte
    Pres. Manuel A. Roxas is a 2nd class municipality in the province of Zamboanga del Norte, Philippines named after Philippine president Manuel Roxas. According to the 2000 census, it has a population of 33,659 people in 6,423 households.-Barangays:...

  • Rizal
    Rizal, Zamboanga del Norte
    Rizal is a 4th class municipality in the province of Zamboanga del Norte, Philippines. According to the 2000 census, it has a population of 13,501 people in 2,917 households.-Barangays:Rizal is politically subdivided into 22 barangays...

  • Salug
    Salug, Zamboanga del Norte
    Salug is a 3rd class municipality in the province of Zamboanga del Norte, Philippines. According to the 2000 census, it has a population of 28,914 people in 5,838 households.Current Municipal Officials* Mayor Jeffrey T. Lim...

  • Sergio Osmeña Sr.
    Sergio Osmeña Sr., Zamboanga del Norte
    Sergio Osmeña Sr. is a 2nd class municipality in the province of Zamboanga del Norte, Philippines in honor of former Philippine president Sergio Osmeña. According to the 2000 census, it has a population of 27,500 people in 5,373 households.-Barangays:...

  • Siayan
    Siayan, Zamboanga del Norte
    Siayan is a 2nd class municipality in the province of Zamboanga del Norte, Philippines. According to the 2000 census, it has a population of 33,074 people in 6,086 households.-Barangays:Siayan is politically subdivided into 22 barangays.* Balok...

  • Sibuco
    Sibuco, Zamboanga del Norte
    Sibuco is a municipality in the province of Zamboanga del Norte, Philippines. According to the 2000 census, it has a population of 24,411 people in 4,374 households...

  • Sibutad
    Sibutad, Zamboanga del Norte
    Sibutad is a 4th class municipality in the province of Zamboanga del Norte, Philippines. According to the 2000 census, it has a population of 15,635 people in 3,444 households.-Barangays:Sibutad is politically subdivided into 16 barangays.* Bagacay...

  • Sindangan
    Sindangan, Zamboanga del Norte
    Sindangan is a 1st class municipality in the province of Zamboanga del Norte, Philippines. According to the Dec 2010 CBMS Survey on Population and Households, it has a population of 89,546 people in 20,217 households...

  • Siocon
    Siocon, Zamboanga del Norte
    Siocon is a 2nd class municipality in the province of Zamboanga del Norte, Philippines. According to the 2000 census, it has a population of 32,699 people in 5,942 households.Local industry includes the Canatuan mine....

  • Sirawai
    Sirawai, Zamboanga del Norte
    Sirawai is a third class municipality in the province of Zamboanga del Norte, Philippines. According to the 2000 census, it has a population of 16,534 people in 3,207 households.-Barangays:Sirawai is politically subdivided into 34 barangays.* Balatakan...

  • Tampilisan
    Tampilisan, Zamboanga del Norte
    The municipality of Tampilisan was once a barangay of the Municipality of Liloy, Zamboanga del Norte province, Philippines. It is located in the southern most tip of the Province of Zamboanga Del Norte along the boundary line of Zamboanga Sibugay, traverse by the national highway to Zamboanga City...


  • Physical

    Zamboanga del Norte comprises the northern portion of the Zamboanga Peninsula
    Zamboanga Peninsula
    Zamboanga Peninsula / Western Mindanao is a peninsula and an administrative region in the Philippines. Designated as Region IX, the region consists of three provinces, namely, Zamboanga del Norte, Zamboanga del Sur, and Zamboanga Sibugay, its component cities of Dipolog, Dapitan, Pagadian, and...

    . It is bounded on the north and west by the Sulu Sea
    Sulu Sea
    The Sulu Sea is a body of water in the southwestern area of the Philippines, separated from the South China Sea in the northwest by Palawan and from the Celebes Sea in the southeast by the Sulu Archipelago. Borneo is found to the southwest and Visayas to the northeast.Sulu Sea contains a number of...

    , on the east by Misamis Occidental
    Misamis Occidental
    Misamis Occidental is a province of the Philippines located in the Northern Mindanao region. Its capital is Oroquieta City...

    , and on the south by Zamboanga del Sur
    Zamboanga del Sur
    Zamboanga del Sur is a province of the Philippines located in the Zamboanga Peninsula region in Mindanao. Pagadian City is the capital...

    .

    The province occupies a total land area of 6,618 square kilometers. It has an average elevation of 243.8 meters, with Mt. Dabiak in Katipunan
    Katipunan, Zamboanga del Norte
    Katipunan is a 3rd class municipality in the province of Zamboanga del Norte, Philippines. According to the 2000 census, it has a population of 37,448 people in 7,576 households.-History:In 1955, six barrios were created:...

     as the highest peak at 2,600 meters. Other parts, near the coastlines, are plains. The province's irregular coastline runs 400 kilometers from north to south.

    Zamboanga del Norte has a mild and moderate climate due to evenly distributed rainfall throughout the year. Its southern portion has a longer dry season.

    History

    The early history of Zamboanga del Norte is shared with that of Zamboanga City
    Zamboanga City
    The City of Zamboanga : is a highly urbanized, independent and a chartered city located in Mindanao, Philippines....

    , which had been the center of the entire Mindanao
    Mindanao
    Mindanao is the second largest and easternmost island in the Philippines. It is also the name of one of the three island groups in the country, which consists of the island of Mindanao and smaller surrounding islands. The other two are Luzon and the Visayas. The island of Mindanao is called The...

     area, most notably during the American era. When Zamboanga City became a chartered city on October 12, 1936, it encompassed the southern tip of the Zamboanga Peninsula
    Zamboanga Peninsula
    Zamboanga Peninsula / Western Mindanao is a peninsula and an administrative region in the Philippines. Designated as Region IX, the region consists of three provinces, namely, Zamboanga del Norte, Zamboanga del Sur, and Zamboanga Sibugay, its component cities of Dipolog, Dapitan, Pagadian, and...

     and the island of Basilan
    Basilan
    The Province of Basilan is an island province of the Philippines within the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao . Basilan is the largest and northernmost of the major islands of the Sulu Archipelago and is located just off the southern coast of Zamboanga Peninsula...

    , making it the largest city in the world in terms of land area.

    This all changed in 1948 when Basilan was made into a separate Chartered City, and further, when Republic Act No. 711, issued on June 6, 1952, created two more provinces out of Zamboanga City
    Zamboanga City
    The City of Zamboanga : is a highly urbanized, independent and a chartered city located in Mindanao, Philippines....

    . One of these provinces was Zamboanga del Norte.

    Governors

    Governor Term Notes
    Felipe B. Azcuna 1952-1955 Azcuna was the former governor of Zamboanga
    Zamboanga (province)
    Zamboanga is a former province of the Philippines located in the western region of the southern Philippine island of Mindanao.-Creation:During the time of the United States' purchase of the Philippines of 1898, the Republic of Zamboanga had its own independence and jurisdiction on what is now...

     before becoming the first Governor of Zamboanga del Norte.
    Guadalupe C. Adaza 1955 Adaza previously served as Board Member until she was appoiRoldanted by President Ramon Magsaysay
    Ramon Magsaysay
    Ramón del Fierro Magsaysay was the third President of the Republic of the Philippines from December 30, 1953 until his death in a plane crash in 1957. He was elected President under the banner of the Nacionalista Party.-Early life:Ramon F...

     to replace suspended Governor Felipe Azcuna.
    Romulo G. Garavillo 1955-1959 Garavillo served as member of the Provincial Board before becoming Governor.
    Guadalupe C. Adaza 1959-1963 Adaza was elected Vice-Governor but was promoted to Governor when Governor-elect Alberto Ubay chose to continue his service in the Philippine House of Representatives
    House of Representatives of the Philippines
    The House of Representatives of the Philippines is the lower chamber of the...

    http://www.zanorte.gov.ph/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=12&Itemid=28&limit=1&limitstart=5
    Felipe B. Azcuna 1963-1967 Reelected governor in 1963.
    Virginio B. Lacuya 1967-1980 Lacuya retired from politics in 1980.
    Alberto Q. Ubay 1980-1986 Ubay previously served in the Philippine House of Representatives
    House of Representatives of the Philippines
    The House of Representatives of the Philippines is the lower chamber of the...

    before elected Governor.
    Isagani S. Amatong 1986-1995 Amatong was appointed Officer-in-charge Governor of Zamboanga del Norte after the 1986 People Power Revolution.
    Roldan B. Dalman 1995-1998
    Isagani S. Amatong 1998-2004
    Rolando Yebes 2004-present

    External links

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