Western Frontier Force
The Western Frontier Force was a force of British Empire
British Empire
The British Empire comprised the dominions, colonies, protectorates, mandates and other territories ruled or administered by the United Kingdom. It originated with the overseas colonies and trading posts established by England in the late 16th and early 17th centuries. At its height, it was the...

 troops formed in response to the Senussi Uprising and coming under the command of the Egyptian Expeditionary Force
Egyptian Expeditionary Force
The Egyptian Expeditionary Force was formed in March 1916 to command the British and British Empire military forces in Egypt during World War I. Originally known as the 'Force in Egypt' it had been commanded by General Maxwell who was recalled to England...


Orders for the formation of a Western Frontier Force were issued on November 20th, 1915, and Major-General A. Wallace, C.B., was appointed to the command.

The original composition of the force was:
  • Mounted Brigade. Brigadier-General Tyndale Biscoe, Commanding.
    • 3 Composite Yeomanry Regiments from the 2nd Mounted Division, and comprising details from more than twenty different regiments.
    • 1 Composite Regiment of Australian Light Horse, made up of details from Australian Light Horse Brigades.
    • Notts. Battery of Royal Horse Artillery (Territorial Force
      Territorial Force
      The Territorial Force was the volunteer reserve component of the British Army from 1908 to 1920, when it became the Territorial Army.-Origins:...

      ) and Ammunition Column.

  • Infantry Brigade. Brigadier-General Lord Lucan, Commanding.
    • 1 Battalion 1/6th Royal Scots (Territorials).
    • 1 Battalion 2/7th Middlesex Regiment
      Middlesex Regiment
      The Middlesex Regiment was a regiment of the British Army. It was formed in 1881 as part of the Childers Reforms when the 57th and 77th Regiments of Foot were amalgamated with the county's militia and rifle volunteer units.On 31 December 1966 The Middlesex Regiment was amalgamated with three...

    • 1 Battalion 2/8th Middlesex Regiment (Territorials).
    • 1 Battalion 15th Sikhs.

  • 1 Squadron Royal Flying Corps
    Royal Flying Corps
    The Royal Flying Corps was the over-land air arm of the British military during most of the First World War. During the early part of the war, the RFC's responsibilities were centred on support of the British Army, via artillery co-operation and photographic reconnaissance...


  • Divisional Train from the 1st Australian Division.

  • A detachment from the Egyptian Army Military Works Department took the place of the Royal Engineers
    Royal Engineers
    The Corps of Royal Engineers, usually just called the Royal Engineers , and commonly known as the Sappers, is one of the corps of the British Army....

    , none of the latter being available.

The composition of the force was constantly changing, and it was not till the middle of February, 1916, that it became really fixed.

Other units attached during the WFF's existence included:
  • 1st South African Infantry Brigade
  • New Zealand Rifle Brigade
    New Zealand Rifle Brigade
    The New Zealand Rifle Brigade , affectionately known as The Dinks, was formed on 1 May 1915 as the 3rd Brigade of the New Zealand Division, part of the New Zealand Expeditionary Force. During the first World War it fought in Egypt, against the Senussi, and then on the Western Front...

  • Bikanir Camel Corps
  • Imperial Camel Corps
    Imperial Camel Corps
    The Imperial Camel Corps was a brigade-sized military formation which fought for the Allies in the Sinai and Palestine Campaign in World War I. Its personnel were infantry mounted on camels for movement across desert....

  • The Duke of Westminster's
    Hugh Grosvenor, 2nd Duke of Westminster
    Hugh Richard Arthur Grosvenor, 2nd Duke of Westminster GCVO DSO was the son of Victor Alexander Grosvenor, Earl Grosvenor and Lady Sibell Mary Lumley, the daughter of the 9th Earl of Scarborough...

     armoured car unit
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