Egyptian Expeditionary Force
Overview
 
The Egyptian Expeditionary Force
Expeditionary warfare
Expeditionary warfare is used to describe the organization of a state's military to fight abroad, especially when deployed to fight away from its established bases at home or abroad. Expeditionary forces were in part the antecedent of the modern concept of Rapid Deployment Forces...

(EEF) was formed in March 1916 to command the British
United Kingdom
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern IrelandIn the United Kingdom and Dependencies, other languages have been officially recognised as legitimate autochthonous languages under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages...

 and British Empire
British Empire
The British Empire comprised the dominions, colonies, protectorates, mandates and other territories ruled or administered by the United Kingdom. It originated with the overseas colonies and trading posts established by England in the late 16th and early 17th centuries. At its height, it was the...

 military forces in Egypt
Sultanate of Egypt
The Sultanate of Egypt is the name of the short-lived protectorate that the United Kingdom imposed over Egypt between 1914 and 1922.-History:...

 during World War I
World War I
World War I , which was predominantly called the World War or the Great War from its occurrence until 1939, and the First World War or World War I thereafter, was a major war centred in Europe that began on 28 July 1914 and lasted until 11 November 1918...

. Originally known as the 'Force in Egypt' it had been commanded by General Maxwell who was recalled to England. A month earlier General Archibald Murray
Archibald Murray
General Sir Archibald James Murray, GCMG, KCB, CVO, DSO was a British Army officer during World War I, most famous for his commanding the Egyptian Expeditionary Force from 1916 to 1917.-Army career:...

 had arrived in Egypt to take command of the Mediterranean Expeditionary Force
Mediterranean Expeditionary Force
The Mediterranean Expeditionary Force was part of the British Army during World War I, that commanded all Allied forces at Gallipoli and Salonika. This included the initial naval operation to force the straits of the Dardanelles. Its headquarters was formed in March 1915...

; the force which had retired from Gallipoli at the end of 1915.

The Force in Egypt and the Mediterranean Expeditionary Force were merged and renamed the Egyptian Expeditionary Force (EEF) with General Murray in command.
Encyclopedia
The Egyptian Expeditionary Force
Expeditionary warfare
Expeditionary warfare is used to describe the organization of a state's military to fight abroad, especially when deployed to fight away from its established bases at home or abroad. Expeditionary forces were in part the antecedent of the modern concept of Rapid Deployment Forces...

(EEF) was formed in March 1916 to command the British
United Kingdom
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern IrelandIn the United Kingdom and Dependencies, other languages have been officially recognised as legitimate autochthonous languages under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages...

 and British Empire
British Empire
The British Empire comprised the dominions, colonies, protectorates, mandates and other territories ruled or administered by the United Kingdom. It originated with the overseas colonies and trading posts established by England in the late 16th and early 17th centuries. At its height, it was the...

 military forces in Egypt
Sultanate of Egypt
The Sultanate of Egypt is the name of the short-lived protectorate that the United Kingdom imposed over Egypt between 1914 and 1922.-History:...

 during World War I
World War I
World War I , which was predominantly called the World War or the Great War from its occurrence until 1939, and the First World War or World War I thereafter, was a major war centred in Europe that began on 28 July 1914 and lasted until 11 November 1918...

. Originally known as the 'Force in Egypt' it had been commanded by General Maxwell who was recalled to England. A month earlier General Archibald Murray
Archibald Murray
General Sir Archibald James Murray, GCMG, KCB, CVO, DSO was a British Army officer during World War I, most famous for his commanding the Egyptian Expeditionary Force from 1916 to 1917.-Army career:...

 had arrived in Egypt to take command of the Mediterranean Expeditionary Force
Mediterranean Expeditionary Force
The Mediterranean Expeditionary Force was part of the British Army during World War I, that commanded all Allied forces at Gallipoli and Salonika. This included the initial naval operation to force the straits of the Dardanelles. Its headquarters was formed in March 1915...

; the force which had retired from Gallipoli at the end of 1915.

The Force in Egypt and the Mediterranean Expeditionary Force were merged and renamed the Egyptian Expeditionary Force (EEF) with General Murray in command. This new force's duties were to guard the British Protectorate of Egypt and provide reinforcements for the Western Front
Western Front (World War I)
Following the outbreak of World War I in 1914, the German Army opened the Western Front by first invading Luxembourg and Belgium, then gaining military control of important industrial regions in France. The tide of the advance was dramatically turned with the Battle of the Marne...

.

Force in Egypt

End of 1914 (General Maxwell)
Defence of the Suez Canal (30,000 troops)
10th Indian Division (12 regiments) (Major General A. Wilson)
11th Indian Division (12 regiments)
Indian Imperial Service Cavalry Brigade
Bikanir Camel Corps
Indian Mountain Artillery
Egyptian Army Artillery

(British and French warships in the Canal served as floating batteries)
Reconnaissance Aircraft.

January 1915 (total force 70,000)
10th Indian Division (12 regiments)
11th Indian Division (12 regiments)
Imperial Service Cavalry Brigade
Bikanir Camel Corps
Indian Mountain Artillery (3 batteries)
Egyptian Army Artillery (1 battery)
Royal Flying Corps detachment
French Naval Seaplanes


In training
1st Anzac
42nd (East Lancashire) Infantry Division


April 1915
Mediterranean Expeditionary Force go to Gallipoli
1st Anzac
42nd (East Lancashire) Infantry Division
one Indian brigade

(incomplete)

to Basra
one Indian brigade


to Aden (Yemen threaten attack)
one Indian brigade


November 1915
Western Frontier Force
Western Frontier Force
The Western Frontier Force was a force of British Empire troops formed in response to the Senussi Uprising and coming under the command of the Egyptian Expeditionary Force....

(Major General A. Wallace)
Composite mounted brigade
Three composite regiments of Yeomanry
One composite regiment Australian Light Horse
Notts Battery RHA
Composite infantry brigade
Three Territorial battalions.
One battalion Indian Infantry (15th Sikhs).

Some South African troops and a New Zealand battalion added after November 1915.

December 1915
Mediterranean Expeditionary Force returns from Gallipoli.

Egyptian Expeditionary Force Order of Battle March 1916

Canal Defences (General Murray)

No.1 Section, Headquarters Suez
Suez
Suez is a seaport city in north-eastern Egypt, located on the north coast of the Gulf of Suez , near the southern terminus of the Suez Canal, having the same boundaries as Suez governorate. It has three harbors, Adabya, Ain Sokhna and Port Tawfiq, and extensive port facilities...

 – IX Corps
IX Corps
List of military corps List of military corps by numberA number of countries have Ninth, or IX, Corps:* IX Waffen Mountain Corps of the SS * IX Corps * IX Corps * IX Corps * IX Corps...

 (January to March)

No.2 Section, Headquarters Ismailia
Ismaïlia
-Notable natives:*Osman Ahmed Osman, a famous and influential Egyptian engineer, contractor, entrepreneur, and politician, was born in this town on 6 April 1917....

 – I Anzac Corps
I Anzac Corps
The I ANZAC Corps was a combined Australian and New Zealand army corps that served during World War I.It was formed in Egypt in February 1916 as part of the reorganisation and expansion of the Australian Imperial Force and the New Zealand Expeditionary Force following the evacuation of Gallipoli...

 (January to March)
Imperial Service Cavalry Brigade
Jodhpur Lancers
Mysore Lancers
Hyderabad Lancers

11th Light Horse Regiment
12th Light Horse Regiment
12th Light Horse Regiment (Australia)
The 12th Light Horse Regiment was a light horse regiment of the Australian Army. It was originally raised in 1915 for service during the First World War, the regiment served in the Middle East against the Turks before being disbanded in 1919...


(incomplete)

No.3 Section, Headquarters Port Said
Port Said
Port Said is a city that lies in north east Egypt extending about 30 km along the coast of the Mediterranean Sea, north of the Suez Canal, with an approximate population of 603,787...

 – (Major General H.A. Lawrence)
42nd (East Lancashire) Division
42nd (East Lancashire) Division
The 42nd Division was a Territorial Force division of the British Army. Originally called the East Lancashire Division, it was redesignated as the 42nd Division on 25 May 1915. It was the first Territorial division to be sent overseas during the First World War. The division fought at Gallipoli,...

125th Brigade
126th Brigade
127th Brigade
52nd (Lowland) Division (Major General W.E.B. Smith)
155th Scots Infantry Brigade
156th Scots Infantry Brigade
157th Highlanders Infantry Brigade
Anzac Mounted Division
Anzac Mounted Division
The ANZAC Mounted Division was a mounted infantry and mounted rifles division formed in March 1916 in Egypt during World War I following the Battle of Gallipoli when the Australian and New Zealand regiments returned from fighting dismounted as infantry...

 (Major General Sir H.G. Chauvel)
1st Australian Light Horse Brigade
1st Light Horse Brigade
The 1st Light Horse Brigade was a mounted infantry brigade of the First Australian Imperial Force which served in the Middle Eastern theatre of World War I. The brigade first saw action during the Dardanelles Campaign in the Battle of Gallipoli. After being withdrawn to Egypt in February 1916 they...

1st Light Horse Regiment
2nd Light Horse Regiment
3rd Light Horse Regiment
Leicester Battery Royal Horse Artillery
Royal Horse Artillery
The regiments of the Royal Horse Artillery , dating from 1793, are part of the Royal Regiment of Artillery of the British Army...


2nd Australian Light Horse Brigade
2nd Light Horse Brigade
The 2nd Light Horse Brigade was a mounted infantry brigade of the First Australian Imperial Force which served in the Middle Eastern theatre of World War I. The brigade first saw action during the Dardanelles Campaign in the Battle of Gallipoli. After being withdrawn to Egypt in February 1916 they...

5th Light Horse Regiment
6th Light Horse Regiment
7th Light Horse Regiment
Ayrshire Battery Royal Horse Artillery

3rd Australian Light Horse Brigade
3rd Light Horse Brigade
The 3rd Light Horse Brigade was a mounted infantry brigade of the First Australian Imperial Force which served in the Middle Eastern theatre of World War I....

8th Light Horse Regiment
9th Light Horse Regiment
10th Light Horse Regiment
Inverness Battery Royal Horse Artillery

New Zealand Mounted Rifles Brigade
New Zealand Mounted Rifles Brigade
The New Zealand Mounted Rifles Brigade, consisting usually of four units of mounted infantry, fought in World War I and World War II. Initially a milita, under the instruction of Lieutenant Colonel Joseph Henry Banks they formed the core of the New Zealand Army following successful service in the...

 (Brigadier General E. W. C. Chaytor)
Auckland Mounted Rifle Regiment
Auckland Mounted Rifle Regiment
The Auckland Mounted Rifle Regiment was a New Zealand Mounted Regiment formed for service during World War I. It was formed from units of the Territorial Foirce consisting of the 3rd Mounted Rifles the 4th Mounted Rifles and the 11th Mounted Rifles.They served in the Middle Eastern theatre of...

 (Lieutenant Colonel C. E. R. Mackesy
Canterbury Mounted Rifle Regiment
Canterbury Mounted Rifle Regiment
The Canterbury Mounted Rifle Regiment was a New Zealand Mounted Regiment formed for service during World War I.It was formed from Units of the Territorial Force consisting of one squadron each from the 1st Mounted Rifles , the 8th Mounted Rifles and the 10th Mounted Rifles.They served in the...

 (Lieutenant Colonel J. Findlay)
Wellington Mounted Rifle Regiment
Wellington Mounted Rifle Regiment
The Wellington Mounted Regiment was a New Zealand Mounted Regiment formed for service during the Great War. It was formed from units of the Territorial Force consisting of the Queen Alexandra's 2nd Mounted Rifles the 6th Mounted Rifles and 9th Mounted Rifles.They served in the Middle Eastern...

 (Lieutenant Colonel W. Meldrum)
Somerset Battery Royal Horse Artillery

5th Mounted (Yeomanry
Yeomanry
Yeomanry is a designation used by a number of units or sub-units of the British Territorial Army, descended from volunteer cavalry regiments. Today, Yeomanry units may serve in a variety of different military roles.-History:...

) Brigade (Brigadier General E.A. Wiggin)
Royal Gloucestershire Hussars
Royal Gloucestershire Hussars
The Royal Gloucestershire Hussars was a unit of the British Army.Raised in 1795 following William Pitt's 1794 order to raise volunteer bodies of men to defend Great Britain, through various re-organisations, the Royal Gloucestershire Hussars remain today on the establishment of the Territorial...

Warwickshire Yeomanry
Warwickshire Yeomanry
The Warwickshire Yeomanry was a yeomanry regiment of the British Army, first raised in 1794, which served as a cavalry and dismounted infantry regiment in the First World War and as a cavalry and an armoured regiment in the Second World War, before being amalgamated into The Queen's Own...

Worcestershire Yeomanry


Imperial Camel Corps Brigade (Brigadier General C.L. Smith
Clement Leslie Smith
Brigadier General Clement Leslie Smith VC MC was an English recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.-Details:Smith was 25 years old, and a lieutenant in the 2nd Battalion,...

 VC) (eighteen companies, six of which were yeomen)

No. 1 Squadron, Australian Flying Corps (Lieutenant Colonel E. H. Reynold)
A Flight (Captain W. Sheldon – 4 machines)
B Flight (Lieutenant Manwell – 4 machines)
C Flight (Captain Williams – 4 machines)


Until almost the end of 1917, No. l Squadron, A.F.C., and No. 14 Squadron, R.F.C., were the sole flying units east of the Suez Canal.

Western Frontier Force Order of Battle (October 1916, February 1917)

Western Desert Force (Major General William Watson)
Egyptian Army troops Darfur
Sollum Recapture (Major General W. E. Peyton)
Siwa Raid (General H. W. Hodgson)
1st Light Horse Brigade
Imperial Camel Corps
Bikanir Camel Corps
Armoured Car Brigade (11 Rolls–Royces)
6 Light Car Patrols (Model T Fords armed with Lewis guns)

Order of Battle 4–5 August Battle of Romani
Battle of Romani
The Battle of Romani was fought east of the Suez Canal, near the Egyptian town of Romani and the site of ancient Pelusium on the Sinai Peninsula during the First World War...

Canal Defences No. 3 Section Headquarters Kantara (included Romani) (Major General H.A. Lawrence)

Force Defending Romani on 4 August
52nd (Lowland) Division (Major General W.E.B. Smith)
155th Scots Infantry Brigade
156th Scots Infantry Brigade
157th Highlanders Infantry Brigade
Anzac Mounted Division (Major General Sir H.G. Chauvel)
1st Australian Light Horse Brigade (Brigadier General J. B. H. Meredith)
1st Light Horse Regiment
2nd Light Horse Regiment
3rd Light Horse Regiment
2nd Australian Light Horse Brigade (Brigadier General J. R. Royston)
Wellington Mounted Rifle Regiment (Lieutenant Colonel W. Meldrum) detached from New Zealand Mounted Rifles Brigade
6th Light Horse Regiment
7th Light Horse Regiment
(5th Light Horse Regiment at Duidar)

Force moved to Romani during 4 August and took part in the battle
5th Mounted (Yeomanry) Brigade (Brigadier General E.A. Wiggin/P. J. V. Kelly)
Gloucestershire Hussars
Warwickshire Yeomanry
Worcestershire Yeomanry
Anzac Mounted Division's New Zealand Mounted Rifles Brigade (Brigadier General E. W. C. Chaytor)
Auckland Mounted Rifle Regiment (Lieutenant Colonel C. E. R. Mackesy
Canterbury Mounted Rifle Regiment (Lieutenant Colonel J. Findlay)


Force moved to Romani during 4 August and took part in the battle on 5 August
42nd (East Lancashire) Division
125th Brigade
126th Brigade
127th Brigade
Anzac Mounted Division's 3rd Australian Light Horse Brigade
8th Light Horse Regiment
9th Light Horse Regiment
10th Light Horse Regiment

Order of Battle October

Eastern Force Headquarters Kantara (Major General Dobell)
52nd Infantry Division
53rd Infantry Division
54th Infantry Division
Anzac Mounted Division
4 Territorial Royal Horse Artillery Batteries 2 Scottish and 2 English (The Ayrshire, Inverness, Somersets and Leicester Batteries)
5th Mounted Yeomanry Brigade
Imperial Camel Corps Brigade
2 Light Car Patrols

No. 1 Squadron, Australian Flying Corps

Order of Battle December

Eastern Force Headquarters Kantara (Major General Dobell)
Desert Column Headquarters El Arish (Lieutenant General Sir Philip Chetwode)
53rd Infantry Division
Australian & New Zealand (Anzac) Mounted Division (Major General H. G. Chauvel)
4 Territorial Royal Horse Artillery Batteries 2 Scottish and 2 English (The Ayrshire, Inverness, Somersets and Leicester Batteries)
5th Mounted Yeomanry Brigade
Hong Kong & Singapore Battery
Imperial Camel Corps Brigade
Royal Flying Corps 5th Wing
No. 5 Wing RAF
Number 5 Wing of the Royal Air Force was a wing of aircraft squadrons which was originally established as the Fifth Wing of the Royal Flying Corps. Currently inactive, the wing has been formed and disbanded five times over the course of its history....

 stationed at Mustabig (Lieutenant Colonel W G H Salmond)
No. 14 (British) Squadron
(No. 17 Squadron)
No. 1 Squadron Australian Flying Corps / No. 67 (Australian) Squadron

Order of Battle 23 December Battle of Magdhaba
Battle of Magdhaba
The Battle of Magdhaba took place on 23 December 1916 south and east of Bir Lahfan in the Sinai desert, some inland from the Mediterranean coast and the town of El Arish...

Anzac Mounted Division (Major General Chauvel)
1st Light Horse Brigade
1st Light Horse Regiment
2nd Light Horse Regiment
3rd Light Horse Regiment
3rd Light Horse Brigade
8th Light Horse Regiment
9th Light Horse Regiment
10th Light Horse Regiment
New Zealand Mounted Rifles Brigade (Brigadier General E. W. C. Chaytor)
Auckland Mounted Rifle Regiment (Lieutenant Colonel C. E. R. Mackesy
Canterbury Mounted Rifle Regiment (Lieutenant Colonel J. Findlay)
Wellington Mounted Rifle Regiment (Lieutenant Colonel W. Meldrum)
Imperial Camel Corps Brigade
Hong Kong & Singapore Mountain Battery,
Inverness and Somerset Batteries Royal Horse Artillery
No. 1 Squadron Australian Flying Corps
No. 14 Squadron Royal Flying Corps

Western Force

Bikanir Camel Corps
230th Brigade
231st Brigade
Detachments R.A., dismounted (seven 15-pdr. guns, two 9-pdr. Krupp guns, two Naval 4-in. guns)
5 Armoured Motor Batteris
6 Light Car Patrols (Ford)
Motor Machine gun Battery
1 Garrison Battalion

Alexandria District

103rd Local Company RGA
5th Battalion British West Indies Regiment
2 Garrison Battalions

Delta District

2nd Battalion North Lancs. Regiment (from East Africa)
1/4th Duke of Cornwall's L.I. (from Aden)
5 Garrison Battalions

Northern Section Suez Canal

20th (Indian) Brigade
1st Battalion British West Indies Regiment
2nd Battalion British West Indies Regiment

Southern Section Suez Canal

Imperial Service Cavalry Brigade
2 Companies Imperial Camel Corps
267th Brigade RFA (53rd Division)
272nd Brigade RFA (54th Division
229th Brigade (to form part of the 74th Division).

Order of Battle 9 January Battle of Rafa
Battle of Rafa
The Battle of Rafa took place on 9 January 1917 at el Magruntein to the south of Rafa, close to the frontier between the Sultanate of Egypt's Sinai Peninsula and the Ottoman Empire, and in the area to the north and east of Sheikh Zowaiid...

Desert Column (Lieutenant General Chetwode)
Anzac Mounted Division (Major General Chauvel)
1st Light Horse Brigade (Brigadier General C. F. Cox)
3rd Light Horse Brigade (Brigadier General Royston)
New Zealand Mounted Rifles Brigade (Brigadier General E. W. C. Chaytor)
Inverness, Leicesters and Somersets Territorial Royal Horse Artillery batteries
Imperial Camel Corps Brigade
1st Battalion
2nd Battalion
3rd Battalion
Hong Kong and Singapore Mountain Battery
5th Mounted (Yeomanry) Brigade
Honourable Artillery Company (18–pounder)Battery
No. 7 Light Car Patrol (six Ford cars equipped with machine guns)
No. 1 Squadron Australian Flying Corps
No. 14 Squadron Royal Flying Corps

Order of Battle 1st Gaza March

Eastern Force (Lieutenant General Sir C.M. Dobell)
Imperial Camel Brigade
52nd (Lowland Division (Major General W.E.B. Smith)
155th Infantry Brigade
156th Infantry Brigade
157th Infantry Brigade
54th (East Anglian)Division (Major General S.W. Hare)
161st Infantry Brigade
162nd Infantry Brigade
163rd Infantry Brigade
74th (Yeomanry) Division (Major General E.S. Girdwood)
229th Infantry Brigade
No. 7 Light Car Patrol
Nos. 11 and 12 Armoured Motor Batteries
5th Wing Royal Flying Corps
No. 1 Squadron Australian Flying Corps
No. 14 Squadron Royal Flying Corps

Desert Column (Lieutenant General P. Chetwode)
Anzac Mounted Division (Major General H. G. Chauvel)
2nd Australian Light Horse Brigade (Brigadier General G. de L. Ryrie)
5th, 6th, 7th Australian Light Horse Regiments
New Zealand Mounted Rifle Brigade (Brigadier General E. W. C. Chaytor)
Auckland, Canterbury and Wellington Mounted Rifle Regiments
22nd Mounted Brigade (Brigadier General F. A. B. Fryer)
Stafford, 1/1st Lincoln
Lincolnshire Yeomanry
The Lincolnshire Yeomanry was a volunteer cavalry unit of the British Army from 1794–1920.-Boer War:On 13 December 1899, the decision to allow volunteer forces serve in the Second Boer War was made...

, Sherwood Rangers Yeomanry/East Riding Yeomanry Regiments
Imperial Mounted Division (Major General H.W. Hodgson)
3rd Australian Light Horse Brigade (Brigadier General L. C. Wilson)
8th, 9th, 10th Australian Light Horse Regiments
5th Mounted Brigade (Brigadier General P. D. Fitzgerald)
6th Mounted Brigade (Brigadier General C A C. Godwin)
Dorset
Queen's Own Dorset Yeomanry
The Queen's Own Dorset Yeomanry was founded as the Dorsetshire Regiment of Volunteer Yeomanry Cavalry in 1794. In response to the growing threat of invasion during the Napoleonic wars....

, Bucks and Berks Yeomanry Regiments
53rd (Welsh) Division (Major General A.G. Dallas)
158th Infantry Brigade (Brigadier General H. A. Vernon)
159th Infantry Brigade (Brigadier General N. Money)
160th Infantry Brigade (Brigadier General V. L. N. Pearson)


Artillery

A. & N.Z. Mounted Division 4 Batteries RHA of 4 18–pdrs = 16 guns

Imperial Mounted Division 4 Batteries RHA of 4 18–pdrs = 16 guns

Imperial Camel Brigade 1 Camel Pack Battery of 6 2.75–inch = 6 guns

53rd Division (3 Brigades RFA 12 18–pdrs=24 guns) 4 of each battery only = 16 guns; 4 4.5–inch howitzers = 8 howitzer

54th Division (3 Brigades RFA 12 18–pdrs=24 guns) 4 of each battery only = 16 guns; 4 4.5–inch howitzers = 8 howitzer

Army Troops (3 Batteries of 4 60–pdrs=12 guns) one section only = 6 guns

Note: The third brigades of 53rd and 54th Divisions were in the Suez Canal Defences with 1st Light Horse Brigade about Bir el Abd, Mazar and Bardawil patrolling the pipeline until moving to El Arish on 20 March. And only four guns of each 18–pounder battery of the 53rd and 54th Divisions, and one section of each heavy battery were brought across the Sinai Peninsula. The guns left behind formed part of the Suez Canal Defences.

In June 1917 General
General
A general officer is an officer of high military rank, usually in the army, and in some nations, the air force. The term is widely used by many nations of the world, and when a country uses a different term, there is an equivalent title given....

 Allenby
Edmund Allenby, 1st Viscount Allenby
Field Marshal Edmund Henry Hynman Allenby, 1st Viscount Allenby GCB, GCMG, GCVO was a British soldier and administrator most famous for his role during the First World War, in which he led the Egyptian Expeditionary Force in the conquest of Palestine and Syria in 1917 and 1918.Allenby, nicknamed...

 took command. At that time the Egyptian Expeditionary Force consisted of the British XX Corps and the British XXI Corps, under the command of Lieutenant Generals Philip Chetwode and Edward Stanislaus Bulfin, respectively, along with the Desert Mounted Corps
Desert Mounted Corps
The Desert Mounted Corps was a World War I Allied army corps that operated in the Middle East during 1917 and 1918.Originally formed on 15 March 1916 as the Australian and New Zealand Mounted Division under the command of Major General Harry Chauvel The Desert Mounted Corps was a World War I...

 commanded by Lieutenant General Henry George Chauvel. The air component was the Palestine Brigade
Palestine Brigade RAF
The Palestine Brigade of the Royal Flying Corps, and later Royal Air Force, was formed 5 October 1917 in respose to General Allenby's request for an air formation for his planned offensive against the Ottoman Empire in Palestine.-Background:...

 of the Royal Flying Corps
Royal Flying Corps
The Royal Flying Corps was the over-land air arm of the British military during most of the First World War. During the early part of the war, the RFC's responsibilities were centred on support of the British Army, via artillery co-operation and photographic reconnaissance...

 and the Australian Flying Corps later Royal Air Force
Royal Air Force
The Royal Air Force is the aerial warfare service branch of the British Armed Forces. Formed on 1 April 1918, it is the oldest independent air force in the world...

 and Royal Australian Air Force
Royal Australian Air Force
The Royal Australian Air Force is the air force branch of the Australian Defence Force. The RAAF was formed in March 1921. It continues the traditions of the Australian Flying Corps , which was formed on 22 October 1912. The RAAF has taken part in many of the 20th century's major conflicts...

.

Order of Battle October Battle of Mughar Ridge
Battle of Mughar Ridge
The Battle of El Mughar Ridge , took place on 13 November 1917 during the Sinai and Palestine Campaign of the First World War...

 and Battle of Jerusalem

XX Corps (Lieutenant General Sir R.W. Chetwode, Bart.)
10th (Irish) Division (Major General J.R. Longley)
29th, 30th, 31st Infantry Brigades
53rd (Welsh) Division (Major General S.F. Mott)
158th, 159th, 160th Infantry Brigades
60th (London) Division (Major General J.S.M. Shea)
179th, 180th, 181st Infantry Brigades
74th (Yeomanry) Division (Major General E.S. Girdwood)
229th, 230th, 231st Infantry Brigades
Corps Cavalry Regiment – 1/2nd County of London Yeomanry
Corps Artillery – 96th Heavy Artillery Group


XXI Corps (Lieutenant General Sir E.S. Bulfin)
52nd (Lowland) Division (Major General J. Hill)
155th, 156th, 157th Infantry Brigades
54th (East Anglian) Division (Major General S.W. Hare)
161st, 162nd, 163rd Infantry Brigades
75th Division (Major General P.C. Palin)
232nd, 233rd, 234th Infantry Brigades
Corps Cavalry Regiment – Composite Yeomanry Regt.
Corps Artillery – 97th, 100th, 102nd Heavy Artillery Groups
20th Indian Infantry Brigade (Brigadier General H.D. Watson)


Desert Mounted Corps (Lieutenant General Sir H. Chauvel)
Australian and New Zealand Mounted Division (Major General E.W.C. Chaytor)
1st Light Horse Brigage (Brigadier General C. F. Cox)
1st, 2nd and 3rd Australian Light Horse Regiments
2nd Light Horse Brigade (Brigadier General G. de L. Ryrie)
5th, 6th and 7th Australian Light Horse Regiments
New Zealand Mounted Rifle Brigade (Brigadier General W. Meldrum)
Auckland, Canterbury and Wellington Mounted Rifle Regiments
18th Brigade RHA (Inverness, Ayrshire and Somerset Batteries) and Divisional Ammunition Column
Australian Mounted Division (Major General Henry W. Hodgson)
3rd Light Horse Brigade (Brigadier General L. C. Wilson)
8th, 9th and 10th Australian Light Horse Regiments
4th Light Horse Brigade (Brigadier General W. Grant)
4th, 11th and 12th Australian Light Horse Regiments
5th Mounted Brigade (Brigadier General P. J. V. Kelly)
Gloucestershire Husssars, Warwickshire and Worcestershire Yeomanry Regiments
19th Brigade RHA (A and B Batteries Honourable Artillery Company and Notts Battery RHA) and Divisional Ammunition Column
Yeomanry Mounted Division (Major General G. de S. Barrow)
6th Mounted Brigade (Brigadier General C. A. C. Godwin)
Dorset, Bucks and Berks Yeomanry Regiments
8th Mounted Brigade (Brigadier General C. S. Rome)
1st City of London and 1st and 3rd County of London Yeomanry Regiments
22nd Mounted Brigades (Brigadier General P. D. FitzGerald)
Stafford, Lincoln and East Riding Yeomanry Regiments
20th Brigade RHA (Berks, Hants and Leicester Battries) and Divisional Ammunition Column
Corps Reserve
7th Mounted Brigade (Brigadier General J. T. Wigan)
Sherwood Rangers, South Notts and Herts Yeomanry Regiments with Essex Battery RHA and Brigade Ammunition Column
Imperial Camel Corps Brigade (Brigadier General S. Smith)
2nd (British) Battalion
3rd (Australian and New Zealand) Battalion
4th (Australian and New Zealand) Battalion
Hong Kong and Singapore Mountain Battery RGA.


Palestine Brigade (composite Royal Flying Corps RFC and Australian Flying Corps (AFC) operational from 27 October to 7 November 1917)
5th Corps Wing at Deir el Belah
No. 14 Squadron RFC at Deir el Belah and allotted to XXI Corps
No. 13 Squadron RFC at Sheikh Nuran (2 flights allotted to XX Corps; 1 flight to Desert Mounted Corps)
No. 21 Kite Balloon Company consisting of –
No. 49 Kite Balloon Section at Sheikh Shabasi
No. 50 Kite Balloon Section at Wadi Ghuzze.
40th Wing Headquarters at Deir el Belah
No. 11 Squadron RFC at Deir el Belah
No. 67 Squadron (No. 1 Squadron Australian Flying Corps) at Shiekh Nuran
A special squadron was formed from the 20th Training Wing at Aboukir on 24 October for duty at Nuran under the direct orders of the Palestine Brigade for operations consisting of bombing raids on enemy camps, dumps, trench works and battery positions.
Aircraft Park – "X" Aircraft Park at Abbassia with an advanced stores section at Kantara was responsible for the supplies to the RFC in Palestine.

Egyptian Expeditionary Force Order of Battle 1918

The force initially consisted mostly of British and Egyptian troops, but most of the former were sent to the Western Front
Western Front (World War I)
Following the outbreak of World War I in 1914, the German Army opened the Western Front by first invading Luxembourg and Belgium, then gaining military control of important industrial regions in France. The tide of the advance was dramatically turned with the Battle of the Marne...

 in early 1918 to help repel Germany's Spring Offensive
Spring Offensive
The 1918 Spring Offensive or Kaiserschlacht , also known as the Ludendorff Offensive, was a series of German attacks along the Western Front during World War I, beginning on 21 March 1918, which marked the deepest advances by either side since 1914...

. In the meantime, new troops were then dispatched from India
India
India , officially the Republic of India , is a country in South Asia. It is the seventh-largest country by geographical area, the second-most populous country with over 1.2 billion people, and the most populous democracy in the world...

, Australia
Australia
Australia , officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a country in the Southern Hemisphere comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania, and numerous smaller islands in the Indian and Pacific Oceans. It is the world's sixth-largest country by total area...

, and New Zealand
New Zealand
New Zealand is an island country in the south-western Pacific Ocean comprising two main landmasses and numerous smaller islands. The country is situated some east of Australia across the Tasman Sea, and roughly south of the Pacific island nations of New Caledonia, Fiji, and Tonga...

, and Anzacs in particular made up a large portion of the army. Though it was feared that mostly Muslim Indian troops might desert and join Ottoman Empire
Ottoman Empire
The Ottoman EmpireIt was usually referred to as the "Ottoman Empire", the "Turkish Empire", the "Ottoman Caliphate" or more commonly "Turkey" by its contemporaries...

 forces in the region (who had declared a jihad
Jihad
Jihad , an Islamic term, is a religious duty of Muslims. In Arabic, the word jihād translates as a noun meaning "struggle". Jihad appears 41 times in the Quran and frequently in the idiomatic expression "striving in the way of God ". A person engaged in jihad is called a mujahid; the plural is...

against the Allies early in the war), this fear proved unfounded, as the Indians fought valiantly on the front lines of most of the army's major engagements. The force also included a small contingent of French and Italian troops. The forces of the Arab Revolt
Arab Revolt
The Arab Revolt was initiated by the Sherif Hussein bin Ali with the aim of securing independence from the ruling Ottoman Turks and creating a single unified Arab state spanning from Aleppo in Syria to Aden in Yemen.- Background :...

, led by Prince Feisal of Mecca, were also unofficially attached during Allenby's Damascus
Damascus
Damascus , commonly known in Syria as Al Sham , and as the City of Jasmine , is the capital and the second largest city of Syria after Aleppo, both are part of the country's 14 governorates. In addition to being one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world, Damascus is a major...

 offensive.
The force's role evolved from a defense of Egypt to the invasion of Palestine
Palestine
Palestine is a conventional name, among others, used to describe the geographic region between the Mediterranean Sea and the Jordan River, and various adjoining lands....

 which involved: the capture of Beersheba
Beersheba
Beersheba is the largest city in the Negev desert of southern Israel. Often referred to as the "Capital of the Negev", it is the seventh-largest city in Israel with a population of 194,300....

 and Gaza
Gaza
Gaza , also referred to as Gaza City, is a Palestinian city in the Gaza Strip, with a population of about 450,000, making it the largest city in the Palestinian territories.Inhabited since at least the 15th century BC,...

 in October–November 1917 (see Third Battle of Gaza
Third Battle of Gaza
The Third Battle of Gaza was fought in 1917 in southern Palestine during the First World War. The British Empire forces under the command of General Edmund Allenby successfully broke the Ottoman defensive Gaza-Beersheba line...

), entering Jerusalem on December 11, 1917, and Allenby's successful campaign of 1918, resulting in the defeat of the Turks at Megiddo
Battle of Megiddo (1918)
The Battle of Megiddo took place between 19 September and 1 October 1918, in what was then the northern part of Ottoman Palestine and parts of present-day Syria and Jordan...

, and the capture of Damascus
Damascus
Damascus , commonly known in Syria as Al Sham , and as the City of Jasmine , is the capital and the second largest city of Syria after Aleppo, both are part of the country's 14 governorates. In addition to being one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world, Damascus is a major...

, Beirut
Beirut
Beirut is the capital and largest city of Lebanon, with a population ranging from 1 million to more than 2 million . Located on a peninsula at the midpoint of Lebanon's Mediterranean coastline, it serves as the country's largest and main seaport, and also forms the Beirut Metropolitan...

, and Aleppo
Aleppo
Aleppo is the largest city in Syria and the capital of Aleppo Governorate, the most populous Syrian governorate. With an official population of 2,301,570 , expanding to over 2.5 million in the metropolitan area, it is also one of the largest cities in the Levant...

. The force's successes ultimately led to Turkey's exit from the war and the creation of the British Mandate of Palestine.

Location of Egyptian Expeditionary Force on 9 February

  • General Headquarters at Bir Salem
    Bir Salim
    Bir Salim was a Palestinian Arab village in the District of Ramla. It was depopulated during the 1947–1948 Civil War in Mandatory Palestine on May 9, 1948 by the Givati Brigade. It was located 4 km west of Ramla.The population in 1945 was 410....

7th Mounted Brigade at Deir el Belah
Imperial Service Cavalry Brigade at Herbieh
Hiribya
Hirbiya was a Palestinian Arab village in the District of Gaza, located northeast of Gaza along the southern coastal plain of Palestine. In 1945, it had a population of 2,300 inhabitants, of which 2,240 were Arabs and 60 were Jews.-History:...

Imperial Camel Brigade at Rafa
Rafah
Rafah , also known as Rafiah, is a Palestinian city in the southern Gaza Strip. Located south of Gaza, Rafah's population of 71,003 is overwhelmingly made up of Palestinian refugees. Rafah camp and Tall as-Sultan form separate localities. Rafah is the district capital of the Rafah Governorate...

20th Indian Infantry Brigade at Gaza
Gaza
Gaza , also referred to as Gaza City, is a Palestinian city in the Gaza Strip, with a population of about 450,000, making it the largest city in the Palestinian territories.Inhabited since at least the 15th century BC,...

  • Desert Mounted Corps at Kh. Deiran
    Rehovot
    Rehovot is a city in the Center District of Israel, about south of Tel Aviv. According to the Israel Central Bureau of Statistics , at the end of 2009 the city had a total population of 112,700. Rehovot's official website estimates the population at 114,000.Rehovot was built on the site of Doron,...

Australian and New Zealand (Anzac) Mounted Division at Richon le Zion (Ayun Kara)
Australian Mounted Division at Deir el Belah
Yeomanry Mounted Division at Deir el Belah
  • XX Corps at Mount of Olives
    Mount of Olives
    The Mount of Olives is a mountain ridge in East Jerusalem with three peaks running from north to south. The highest, at-Tur, rises to 818 meters . It is named for the olive groves that once covered its slopes...

10th Division at O99, P.20.d. place not named.
53rd Division at Ram Allah
Ramallah
Ramallah is a Palestinian city in the central West Bank located 10 kilometers north of Jerusalem, adjacent to al-Bireh. It currently serves as the de facto administrative capital of the Palestinian National Authority...

60th Division at Jerusalem
74th Division at Latron
Latrun
Latrun is a strategic hilltop in the Ayalon Valley in Israel overlooking the road to Jerusalem. It is located 25 kilometers west of Jerusalem and 14 kilometers southeast of Ramla.-Etymology:...

  • XXI Corps at Jaffa
    Jaffa
    Jaffa is an ancient port city believed to be one of the oldest in the world. Jaffa was incorporated with Tel Aviv creating the city of Tel Aviv-Yafo, Israel. Jaffa is famous for its association with the biblical story of the prophet Jonah.-Etymology:...

52nd Division at Jaffa and Sarona
54th Division at Wilhelma
Wilhelma, Palestine
Wilhelma was a German Templer colony in Palestine located southwest of al-'Abbasiyyah near Jaffa.Wilhelma-Hamîdije was named in honour of King William II of Württemberg, Emperor Wilhelm II and Sultan Abdul Hamid II, however, only the first half of the name prevailed...

75th Division at Ramleh
Ramla
Ramla , is a city in central Israel. The city is predominantly Jewish with a significant Arab minority. Ramla was founded circa 705–715 AD by the Umayyad Caliph Suleiman ibn Abed al-Malik after the Arab conquest of the region...

.

Order of Battle April Second Transjordan attacks on Shunet Nimrin and Es Salt

  • Desert Mounted Corps (GOC Lieutenant General H. G. Chauvel)
60th (London) Infantry Division commanded by Major General John Shea (less the 181st Brigade in reserve on the XXth Corps front)
179th Brigade (Brigadier General FitzJ. M. Edwards)
2/13th London Regiment
2/14th London Regiment
2/15th London Regiment
2/16th London Regiment
180th Brigade (Brigadier General C. F. Watson)
2/17th London Regiment
2/18th London Regiment
2/19th London Regiment
2/20th London Regiment
Artillery 301st, 302nd, 303rd Brigades RFA
20th Indian Brigade (Brigadier General E. R. B. Murray)
Alwar Imperial Service Infantry Regiment
Patiala Imperial Service Infantry Regiment
Gwalior Imperial Service Infantry Regiment
110th Mahratta L. I. Regiment
Anzac Mounted Division (GOC Major General E. W. C. Chaytor)
2nd Light Horse Brigade (Brigadier General G. de L. Ryrie)
5th Light Horse Regiment
6th Light Horse Regiment
7th Light Horse Regiment
New Zealand Mounted Rifles Brigade (Brigiadier General W. Meldrum)
Auckland Mounted Rifles Regiment
Canterbury Mounted Rifles Regiment
Wellington Mounted Rifles Regiment
Divisional Artillery XVIII Brigade RHA (Inverness, Ayr and Somerset Batteries)
Australian Mounted Divisions (GOC Major General H. W. Hodgson)
1st Light Horse Brigade (Brigadier General C. F. Cox) (Anzac Mounted Division)
1st Light Horse Regiment
2nd Light Horse Regiment
3rd Light Horse Regiment
3rd Light Horse Brigade (Brigadier General L. C. Wilson)
8th Light Horse Regiment
9th Light Horse Regiment
10th Light Horse Regiment
4th Light Horse Brigade (Brigadier General W. Grant)
4th Light Horse Regiment
11th Light Horse Regiment
12th Light Horse Regiment
5th Mounted Yeomanry Brigade (Brigadier General P. J. V. Kelly)
1/1st Gloucester Yeomanry Regiment
1/1st Worcester Yeomanry Regiment
1/1st Sherwood Rangers Regiment (7th Mounted Yeomanry Brigade)
Divisional Artillery XIX Brigade RHA (Notts. Battery RHA, "A" and "B: Batteries HAC with Hong Kong Mountain Battery attached
1/1st Dorset Yeomanry Regiment (6th Mounted Yeomanry Brigade)
1/1st County of London (Middlesex) Yeomanry Regiment (8th Mounted Yeomanry Brigade)
Imperial Service Cavalry Brigade
Jodhpur Lancers
Mysore Lancers
Hyderabad Lancers
11th and 12th Light Armoured Motor Batteries [LAMB] (Machine Gun Corps)

West of the Jordan
Imperial Camel Corps Brigade (Brigadier General C. L. Smith)
2nd (Imperial) Battalion
3rd (Australian and New Zealand) Battalion
4th (Australian and New Zealand) Battalion
Artillery Singapore Mountain Battery less Hong Kong Mountain Battery
22nd Mounted Brigade (Brigadier General F. A. B. Fryer/Brigadier General P. D. FitzGerald)
1/1st Lincolnshire Yeomanry Regiment
1/1st Staffordshire Yeomanry Regiment
1/1st East Riding Yeomanry Regiment

Order of Battle 19 September

XX Corps (Lieutenant General Sir P. Chetwode)
53rd Division (Major General S. F. Mott)
158th Infantry Brigade (Brigadier General H. A. Vernon)
5/6th R. Welsh Fus., 4/11th Gurkhas, 3/153rd and 154th Indian Inf.
159th Infantry Brigade (Brigadier General N. Money)
4/5th Welsh Regt., 3/152nd, 1/153rd and 2/153rd Indian Inf.
160th Infantry Brigade (Brigadier General V. L. N. Pearson)
1/7th R. Welsh Fus., 1/17th Indian Inf., 1/21st Punjabis, 1st Cape Corps
265th, 266th, 267th Brigades RFA each with three batteries of twelve 18-pdrs. and four 4.5-inch hows.
39th Indian Mountain Battery
Troop Corps Cavalry Regiment (1/1st Worcester Yeomanry)
10th Division (Major General J. R. Longley)
29th Infantry Brigade (Brigadier General C.L. Smith)
1st Leinsters, 1/101st Grenadiers, 1/54th Sikhs, 2/151st Infantry
30th Infantry Brigade (Brigadier General F. A. Greer)
1st Royal Irish Regt., 1st Kashmir I.S. Rifles, 38th Dogras, 46th Punjabis
31st Infantry Brigade (Brigadier General E. M. Morris)
2nd Royal Irish Fus., 2/101st Grenadiers, 74th Punjabis, 2/41nd Deolis
67th, 68th, 263rd Brigades RFA (67th and 68th Brigades with three batteries of twelve 18-pdrs. and four 4.5-inch hows.; 263rd Brigade with six 18-pdrs. and four 4.5-inch hows.)
Hong Kong and Singapore Mountain Battery
"Watson's Force" (holding centre of XX Corps' Front
Corps Cavalry Regiment (1/1 Worcester Yeomanry)
Pioneer Battalions (2/155th and 1/155th) of 10th and 53rd Divisions
Corps Reinforcement Detachment (700 strong)
XX Corps Heavy Artillery
  • For support of 53rd Division
103rd Brigade RGA
R. Section 10th Heavy Battery
L. Section 10th Heavy Battery
205th Siege Battery
387th Siege Battery (less 1 gun)
392nd Siege Battery
  • For support of 10th Division
421st Siege Battery
397th Siege Battery (1 gun)
2 captured 15 cm hows.
2 captured 105 mm hows
3 captured 75 mm hows.


XXI Corps (Lieutenant General Sir E. Bulfin)
3rd (Lahore) Division (Major General A.R. Hoskins)
7th Infantry Brigade (Brigadier General S. R. Davidson)
1st Connaught Rngrs, 2/7th Gurkha Rifles, 27th and 91st Punjabis
8th Infantry Brigade (Brigadier General S. M. Edwardes)
1st Manchester Regt., 27th Sikhs, 59th Scinde Rifles, 2/124th Baluchistan Infantry
9th Infantry Brigade (Brigadier General C. C. Luard)
2nd Dorsets, 1/1st Gurkha Rifles, 93rd Infantry, 105th Mahratta Light Infantry
4th, 8th, 53rd Brigades RFA, each with twelve 18-pdrs. and four 4.5-inch hows.
7th (Indian/Meerut) Division (Major General Sir V. B. Fane)
19th Infantry Brigade (Brigadier General G. S. Weir)
1st Seaforth Highrs., 28th and 92nd Punjabis, 125th Napier's Rifles
21st Infantry Brigade (Brigadier General A. G. Kemball)
2nd Black Watch, 1st Guides Infantry, 20th Punjabis, 1/8th Gurkha Rifles
28th Infantry Brigade (Brigadier General C. H Davies)
2nd Leicesters, 51st and 53rd Sikhs, 56th Punjabi Rifles
261st, 262nd, 264th Brigades RFA, each with twelve 18-pds and four 4.5-inch hows.
54th (East Anglian) Division (Major General S. W. Hare)
161st Infantry Brigade (Brigadier General A. B. Orpen Palmer)
1/4th, 1/5th, 1/6th and 1/7th Essex
162nd Infantry Brigade (Brigadier General A. Mudge)
1/5th Bedford, 1/4th Nothampton, 1/10th and 1/11th London
163rd Infantry Brigade (Brigadier General A. J. MacNeill)
1/4th, 1/5th Norfolk, 1/5th Suffolk, 1/8th Hampshire
270th, 271st, 272nd Brigades RFA, each with twelve 18-pds and four 4.5-inch hows.
60th (London) Division (Major General Sir J. S. M. Shea)
179th Infantry Brigade (Brigadier General E. T. Humphreys)
2/13th London, 3/151st Infantry, 2/19th Punjabis, 2/137th Baluchis
180th Infantry Brigade (Brigadier General C. F. Watson)
2/19th London, 2nd Guides, 2/30th Punjabis, 1/50th Kumoan Rifles
181st Infantry Brigade (Brigadier General E. C. da Costa)
2/22nd London, 130th Baluchis, 2/97th Deccan Inf., 2/152nd Infantry.
75th Division (Major General P. C. Palin)
232nd Infantry Brigade (Brigadier General H. J. Huddleston)
1/4th Wilts, 72nd Punjabis, 2/3rd Gurkhas, 3rd Kashmir I.S. Infantry
233rd Infantry Brigade (Brigadier General E. M. Colston)
1/5th Somerset Light Infantry, 29th Punjabis, 3/3rd Gurkhas, 2/154th Infantry
234th Infantry Brigade (Brigadier General C. A. H. Maclean)
1/4th D.C.L.I., 123rd Outram Rifles, 58th Vaughan's Rifles, 1/152nd Infantry.
301st, 302nd 303rd Brigades RFA, each with twelve 18-pdrs. and four 4.5- hows.
5th Australian Light Horse Brigade (under orders of 60th Division)
French Palestine Contingent (4 Bns and 3 Btys)
Corps mounted troops (Composite Yeomanry Regiment)
XXI Corps Heavy Artillery
  • Sub-Group under the Right Group
4.7-inch Battery RGA
300 SB, RGA 6-inch Section
334 SB, RGA, One Section
  • Right Group
100th Brigade, RGA, Headquarters -
15th HB, RGA
134 SB, RGA
334 SB, RGA One Section
43 SB, RGA "Bessie"
  • Right Centre Group
95th Brigade, RGA Headquarters -
181 HB, RGA
304 SB, RGA
314 SB, RGA
383 SB, RGA
422 SB, RGA
5.9-inch Hows. Section.
  • Left Centre Group
102nd Brigade, RGA Headquarters -
91 HB, RGA
209 SB, RGA
380 SB, RGA
440 SB, RGA
300 SB, RGA 8 inch Section
43 SB, RGA "Lizzie"
  • Left Group
96th Brigade, RGA Headquarters -
189 HB, RGA
202 HB, RGA
378 SB, RGA
394 SB, RGA

Generally -
  • The Sub-Group was in support of the French
  • The Right Group was in support of the 54th Division
  • The Right Centre Group was in support of the 3rd (Lahore) Division
  • The Left Centre Group was in support of the 75th Division
  • The Left Group was in support of the 60th Division.


Desert Mounted Corps (Lieutenant General Sir H. Chauvel)
4th Cavalry Division (Major General Sir G. de S. Barrow)
10th Cavalry Brigade (Brigadier General W. G. K. Green/Howard-Vyse)
1/1 Dorset Yeomanry (ex 6th Mounted Brigade), 2nd Lancers, 38th Central India Horse (38th King George's Own Central India Horse)
11th Cavalry Brigade (Brigadier General C. L. Gregory)
1/1st County of London Yeomanry (ex 8th Mounted Brigade), 29th Lancers, 36th Jacob's Horse
12th Cavalry Brigade (Brigadier General J. T. Wigan)
1/1Stafford Yeomanry (ex 22nd Mounted Brigade), 6th Cavalry, 19th Lancers
20th Brigade RHA and Divisional Ammunition Column
12th LAM Battery
No. 7 Light Car Patrol
5th Cavalry Division (Major General H. J. M. MacAndrew)
13th Cavalry Brigade (Brigadier General P. J. V. Kelly)
1/1 Gloucester Yeomanry (ex 5th Mounted Brigade), 9th Hodson's Horse, 18th Lancers
14th Cavalry Brigade (Brigadier General G. V. Clarke)
1/1 Sherwood Rangers Yeomanry (ex 7th Mounted Brigade), 20th Deccan Horse, 34th Poona Horse
15th (Imperial Service) Cavalry Brigade (Brigadier General C. R. Harbord)
Jodhpur, Mysore and 1st Hyderabad Lancers [Regiments] (These regiments were all maintained by the Ruling Princes of their respective States in India.)
'B' Battery HAC and Essex Battery RHA with Divisional Ammunition Column
11th LAM Battery
No. 1 Light Car Patrol.
Australian Mounted Division (Major General H. W. Hodgson)
3rd Light Horse Brigade (Brigadier General L. C. Wilson)
8th, 9th, 10th Australian Light Horse Regiments
4th Australian Light Horse Brigade (Brigadier General W. Grant)
4th, 11th 12th Australian Light Horse Regiments
5th Australian Light Horse Brigade (Brigadier General C. Macarthur Onslow) (attached XXI Corps till 22 September)
14th, 15th Australian Light Horse Regiments (ex Imperial Camel Corps Brigade)
16th Regiment Mixte de Marche de Palestine et Syrie (French Régiment Mixte de Cavalerie)
French Chasseurs d’Afrique (2 squadrons)
Spahis (1 squadron).
19th Brigade RHA.


Chaytor's Force (Major General E.W.C. Chaytor)
20th Indian Infantry (Imperial Service) Brigade
Four Indian Battalions
1st Battalion British West Indies Regiment
2nd Battalion British West Indies Regiment
38th Battalion Royal Fusiliers (Jewish Battalion)
39th Battalion Royal Fusiliers (Jewish Battalion)
Australian and New Zealand (Anzac) Mounted Division (Major General E.W.C. Chaytor)
1st Light Horse Brigage (Brigadier General C. F. Cox)
1st, 2nd and 3rd Australian Light Horse Regiments
2nd Light Horse Brigade (Brigadier General G. de L. Ryrie)
5th, 6th and 7th Australian Light Horse Regiments
New Zealand Mounted Rifle Brigade (Brigadier General W. Meldrum)
Auckland, Canterbury and Wellington Mounted Rifle Regiments
18th Brigade RHA (Inverness, Ayrshire and Somerset Batteries) and Divisional Ammunition Column
A/263 Battery RFA
195th Heavy Battery RGA
29th and 32nd Indian Mountain Batteries
No. 6 (Medium) Trench Mortar Battery
3 anti–aircraft sections RA
Detachment No. 35 AT Company RE.

See also

  • Sinai and Palestine Campaign
    Sinai and Palestine Campaign
    The Sinai and Palestine Campaigns took place in the Middle Eastern Theatre of World War I. A series of battles were fought between British Empire, German Empire and Ottoman Empire forces from 26 January 1915 to 31 October 1918, when the Armistice of Mudros was signed between the Ottoman Empire and...

  • History of Palestine
    History of Palestine
    The Southern Levant is the southern portion of the geographical region bordering the Mediterranean between Egypt and Mesopotamia . A narrow definition would take in roughly the same area as the modern states of Israel, the West Bank, the Gaza Strip, and Jordan, while a wider definition would...

  • Postage stamps and postal history of Palestine
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