Vyshhorod
Overview
 
Vyshhorod is a city in the Kiev Oblast
Kiev Oblast
Kyiv Oblast, sometimes written as Kiev Oblast is an oblast in central Ukraine.The administrative center of the oblast is the city of Kyiv , also being the capital of Ukraine...

 (province
Oblast
Oblast is a type of administrative division in Slavic countries, including some countries of the former Soviet Union. The word "oblast" is a loanword in English, but it is nevertheless often translated as "area", "zone", "province", or "region"...

), in central Ukraine
Ukraine
Ukraine is a country in Eastern Europe. It has an area of 603,628 km², making it the second largest contiguous country on the European continent, after Russia...

. It is the administrative centre of the Vyshhorodskyi Raion
Vyshhorodskyi Raion
Vyshhorod Raion is a raion in Kiev Oblast of Ukraine. Its administrative center is Vyshhorod....

 (district
Raion
A raion is a type of administrative unit of several post-Soviet countries. The term, which is from French rayon 'honeycomb, department,' describes both a type of a subnational entity and a division of a city, and is commonly translated in English as "district"...

), and is located along the Dnieper River
Dnieper River
The Dnieper River is one of the major rivers of Europe that flows from Russia, through Belarus and Ukraine, to the Black Sea.The total length is and has a drainage basin of .The river is noted for its dams and hydroelectric stations...

 upstream from the national capital, Kiev
Kiev
Kiev or Kyiv is the capital and the largest city of Ukraine, located in the north central part of the country on the Dnieper River. The population as of the 2001 census was 2,611,300. However, higher numbers have been cited in the press....

. Population: 27,000 (2011 est.)

The earliest historical mention of Vyshgorod, whose name literally translates as "the town upstream", dates as early as 946
946
Year 946 was a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar.- Religion :* May 10 – Pope Agapitus II succeeds Pope Marinus II as the 129th pope.- Deaths :...

, when it was described as the favourite residence of Saint Olga.
Discussions
Encyclopedia
Vyshhorod is a city in the Kiev Oblast
Kiev Oblast
Kyiv Oblast, sometimes written as Kiev Oblast is an oblast in central Ukraine.The administrative center of the oblast is the city of Kyiv , also being the capital of Ukraine...

 (province
Oblast
Oblast is a type of administrative division in Slavic countries, including some countries of the former Soviet Union. The word "oblast" is a loanword in English, but it is nevertheless often translated as "area", "zone", "province", or "region"...

), in central Ukraine
Ukraine
Ukraine is a country in Eastern Europe. It has an area of 603,628 km², making it the second largest contiguous country on the European continent, after Russia...

. It is the administrative centre of the Vyshhorodskyi Raion
Vyshhorodskyi Raion
Vyshhorod Raion is a raion in Kiev Oblast of Ukraine. Its administrative center is Vyshhorod....

 (district
Raion
A raion is a type of administrative unit of several post-Soviet countries. The term, which is from French rayon 'honeycomb, department,' describes both a type of a subnational entity and a division of a city, and is commonly translated in English as "district"...

), and is located along the Dnieper River
Dnieper River
The Dnieper River is one of the major rivers of Europe that flows from Russia, through Belarus and Ukraine, to the Black Sea.The total length is and has a drainage basin of .The river is noted for its dams and hydroelectric stations...

 upstream from the national capital, Kiev
Kiev
Kiev or Kyiv is the capital and the largest city of Ukraine, located in the north central part of the country on the Dnieper River. The population as of the 2001 census was 2,611,300. However, higher numbers have been cited in the press....

. Population: 27,000 (2011 est.)

The earliest historical mention of Vyshgorod, whose name literally translates as "the town upstream", dates as early as 946
946
Year 946 was a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar.- Religion :* May 10 – Pope Agapitus II succeeds Pope Marinus II as the 129th pope.- Deaths :...

, when it was described as the favourite residence of Saint Olga. Also mentioned in De Administrando Imperio
De Administrando Imperio
De Administrando Imperio is the Latin title of a Greek work written by the 10th-century Eastern Roman Emperor Constantine VII. The Greek title of the work is...

, Vyshgorod had been the fortified castle and residence of the monarchs of Kievan Rus on the Dnieper from that time until 1240, when the Mongols sacked it. It was there that Vladimir the Great kept a harem
Harem
Harem refers to the sphere of women in what is usually a polygynous household and their enclosed quarters which are forbidden to men...

 of 300 concubines.

After the Mongol invasion
Mongol invasion of Rus
The Mongol invasion of Russia was resumed on 21 December 1237 marking the resumption of the Mongol invasion of Europe, during which the Mongols attacked the medieval powers of Poland, Kiev, Hungary, and miscellaneous tribes of less organized peoples...

, the location was not mentioned until 1523 and even then it was documented as a poor village. Vyshgorod grew considerably following the construction of the hydroelectric Kiev power plant
Kiev Reservoir
The Kiev Reservoir , locally the Kiev Sea, is a large water reservoir located on the Dnieper River in Ukraine. Named after the city of Kiev, which lies to the south, it covers a total area of 922 square kilometres within the Kiev Oblast. The reservoir was formed in 1960-1966, as a result of the...

 and was finally incorporated as a town in 1968. The old town was excavated in 1934-37 and 1947. The most striking find was the basement of the eight-pillared Church of St. Basil, founded by Vladimir the Great and named after his patron saint. As the church was one of the largest in Kievan Rus, it took twenty years to complete it. Before the Mongol invasion, the church housed the relics of the first East Slavic saints, Boris and Gleb
Boris and Gleb
Boris and Gleb , Christian names Roman and David, respectively, were the first saints canonized in Kievan Rus' after the Christianization of the country....

, but their subsequent fate remains a mystery. The ancient cossack military monastery, the Mezhyhirskyi Monastery
Mezhyhirskyi Monastery
The Mezhyhirya Transfiguration Monastery is a ruined Eastern Orthodox monastery that used to serve as a historic Prince-residency during the Medieval times located near the city of Vyshhorod . Today, the territory it used to be located in is part of the Vyshhorod Raion of Kiev Oblast in northern...

, was located not too far away from the city.

Vyshgorod is an administrative centre of the Vyshgorod district and the Kiev region with population of more than 27 000 residents. The town is situated on the right bank of the Dnieper River nearby the “Kiev sea” a few kilometres away from Kiev. Modern Vyshgorod is rapidly growing and developing restoring its ancient glory of cultural, historical and industrial centre.

Industry

Prudent and consistent policy of local authorities facilitates powerful and dynamic recovery of the town economic potential. More than 1500 enterprises and companies of different property forms are successfully functioning today in Vyshgorod. In the vicinity of Vyshgorod there is located one of the most powerful industrial companies of Ukraine – open joint-stock company Ukrhydroenergo (the major hydroelectric company of Ukraine). We should also mention limited liability company MKM Telecom - joint Ukrainian – Russian – German company created in 1990. From the German side there is Siemens AG concern. The main spheres of its activities are: creation of a net of telecom providers, Internet, IP-phoning system on the basis of Siemens equipment.
Another joint German and Ukrainian company also deserves a special attention. The company Henkel Bautechnik (Ukraine) was founded in March 1998 and it belongs to the group of Henkel companies – one of the biggest European chemical concerns. Henkel Bautechnik (Ukraine) represents products of Ceresit, Thomsit, Moment, Metylan trade marks on the Ukrainian market. All these brands are well known and widely popular in many countries all over the world.

Sport

Residents say that Vyshgorod is a town of sport and healthy way of life. There are a number of sports institutions in Vyshgorod functioning now. They are: children and youth sports school; stadium Energetik which was recently renovated and welcomes football clubs Chaika and Dinaz. It should be noted that this is the place where basketball players and extreme cyclists are able to improve their skills. Big and table tennis, hockey and kickboxing are also very popular with young people and the main sport attraction of the town is no doubt women’s football which has already got its fans and admirers.
Residents of Vyshgorod are very proud of their fellow-townsmen who have brought a world-wide fame to our town. Among them are: Rodion Luka - World Champion 2005 in the Olympic class boats “49er”; Alexey Fedina – the Master of sports in swimming who has gained 3 gold and 2 silver awards in Paralympic Games in Beijing and Inna Osipenko-Radomska – Olympic Champion of Beijing, World Champion-2010 in canoeing.

Culture

Vyshgorod has been famous for its cultural traditions and original talents for ages.
The name of Exemplary amateur town children and youth brass band – studio Vodograi (Fountain) is famous not only in Ukraine but also abroad. The band visited many countries of European Union.
Well known and famous not only in Ukraine but also abroad is Korali, the municipal choir of Vyshgorod.
Korali is laureate of different national and international festivals and competitions. But the major achievement of the choir is no doubt a victory at International
competition named after F. Shubert (2003 Vienna, Austria). Korali won the first prize and the special prize of sponsor sympathy.
In the area of the town there is Vyshgorod historical-cultural reserve which includes the Pottery center, the Historical museum and the house of Klyukva.
For the recent years Vyshgorod has been adorned with new monuments and memorials such as Memorial to the soldiers – internationalists, Memorial to the victims of Holodomor, Memorial to the heroes of Chernobyl, Memorial to Sts. Boris and Gleb – tutelar saints of the town. Each of them is a work of art with its soul and history.

The Day of the Town

One of the most favourite holidays for every dweller is, without a doubt, the Day of the Town. The festive program is so various and spectacular that will satisfy even the most exacting audience. It includes a ceremonial wedding rite, an exhibition of national craftsmen’s item, celebratory concert with participation of the most famous Ukrainian bands, various sports competitions, and ethnographic and cultural events with different kinds of entertainments for children. It has become a good tradition to open new parks, children’s playgrounds and unveil new memorials and sculptural compositions for the Day of the town.
However, the brightest event of the town is definitely the traditional sailing regatta for the Mayor’ Cup.

Formula F1H2O

In 2011 for the first time in Ukraine Vyshgorod was honoured to welcome Formula 1 H2O World Championship speed boating races. It was the great event both for Vyshgorod and for the whole country as Ukraine has never held the competitions of such a high level before.
It must be noted that the level of preparations and conducting of the races was so high that the organizers of the competitions have come to conclusion to conduct the F 1 H2O races in Vyshgorod for the next years.

Twin cities

For the recent years Vyshgorod has considerably expanded international connections with European countries regarding education, culture, sport and tourism. Year by year friendly and partner relations with its twin-towns are getting stronger and stronger. Vyshgorod has the following twin-towns: Sens
Sens
Sens is a commune in the Yonne department in Burgundy in north-central France.Sens is a sub-prefecture of the department. It is crossed by the Yonne and the Vanne, which empties into the Yonne here.-History:...

, France
France
The French Republic , The French Republic , The French Republic , (commonly known as France , is a unitary semi-presidential republic in Western Europe with several overseas territories and islands located on other continents and in the Indian, Pacific, and Atlantic oceans. Metropolitan France...

 Loerrach, Germany
Germany
Germany , officially the Federal Republic of Germany , is a federal parliamentary republic in Europe. The country consists of 16 states while the capital and largest city is Berlin. Germany covers an area of 357,021 km2 and has a largely temperate seasonal climate...

 Delčevo
Delcevo
Delčevo is a small town in the eastern mountainous part of the Republic of Macedonia. It is the municipal seat of the eponymous municipality. The town is named after revolutionary Goce Delčev.-Demographics:Delčevo has 11,500 residents....

, Macedonia
Republic of Macedonia
Macedonia , officially the Republic of Macedonia , is a country located in the central Balkan peninsula in Southeast Europe. It is one of the successor states of the former Yugoslavia, from which it declared independence in 1991...

 Rakvere
Rakvere
Rakvere is a town in northern Estonia and the county seat of Lääne-Viru County, 20 km south of the Gulf of Finland.-History:The earliest signs of human settlement dating back to the 3rd-5th centuries AD have been found on the present theatre hill. Probably to protect that settlement, a wooden...

, Estonia
Estonia
Estonia , officially the Republic of Estonia , is a state in the Baltic region of Northern Europe. It is bordered to the north by the Gulf of Finland, to the west by the Baltic Sea, to the south by Latvia , and to the east by Lake Peipsi and the Russian Federation . Across the Baltic Sea lies...

 Belgorod
Belgorod
-Twin towns/sister cities:Belgorod is twinned with: Wakefield, England, United Kingdom Herne, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany Palembang, South Sumatra, Indonesia Opole, Poland Vyshhorod, Ukraine Kharkiv, Ukraine-External links:...

, Russia
Russia
Russia or , officially known as both Russia and the Russian Federation , is a country in northern Eurasia. It is a federal semi-presidential republic, comprising 83 federal subjects...



Senigalia (Italy) and Chester (Great Britain) being the twin-towns of Lorrach and Sens also have friendly relations with Vyshgorod.

Weblinks


See also

Visegrad
Visegrad
Visegrad is a name of Slavic origin meaning "the upper castle" or "the upper settlement/town/fortification".There are several places that may be spelt Visegrad in English:-Places:* Višegrad, a town in Bosnia and Herzegovina...

- towns with similar names
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