Vero Beach, Florida
Overview
 
Vero Beach is a city in Indian River County
Indian River County, Florida
Indian River County is a county located in the Treasure Coast region in the U.S. state of Florida. As of 2000, the population was 112,947. The U.S. Census Bureau 2005 estimate for the county is 128,594...

, Florida
Florida
Florida is a state in the southeastern United States, located on the nation's Atlantic and Gulf coasts. It is bordered to the west by the Gulf of Mexico, to the north by Alabama and Georgia and to the east by the Atlantic Ocean. With a population of 18,801,310 as measured by the 2010 census, it...

, USA
United States
The United States of America is a federal constitutional republic comprising fifty states and a federal district...

. According to the U.S. Census Bureau's 2006 estimates, the city had a population of 16,939. It is the county seat
County seat
A county seat is an administrative center, or seat of government, for a county or civil parish. The term is primarily used in the United States....

 of Indian River County. Vero Beach is a Principal City of the Sebastian
Sebastian, Florida
Sebastian is a city in Indian River County, in the Treasure Coast region of Florida, United States. The population was 16,181 at the 2000 census. In 2004, the population recorded by the U.S. Census Bureau was 18,671. As of 2010, the population recorded by the U.S...

–Vero Beach Metropolitan Statistical Area, which is home to 130,100 people.

Vero Beach is the location of Holman Stadium
Holman Stadium (Vero Beach)
Holman Stadium is a baseball stadium in Vero Beach, Florida, built in 1953 to accommodate spring training for the Dodgers as part of a complex called Dodgertown. In addition to the Dodgers' spring games, it was also the home of the Vero Beach Devil Rays of the Florida State League, through the...

, where the Brooklyn/Los Angeles Dodgers
Los Angeles Dodgers
The Los Angeles Dodgers are a professional baseball team based in Los Angeles, California. The Dodgers are members of Major League Baseball's National League West Division. Established in 1883, the team originated in Brooklyn, New York, where it was known by a number of nicknames before becoming...

 baseball team held their spring training
Spring training
In Major League Baseball, spring training is a series of practices and exhibition games preceding the start of the regular season. Spring training allows new players to try out for roster and position spots, and gives existing team players practice time prior to competitive play...

 camp from 1948 until 2008 when it moved to a new facility in Glendale, Arizona
Glendale, Arizona
Glendale is a city in Maricopa County, Arizona, USA, located about nine miles northwest from Downtown Phoenix. According to 2010 Census Bureau, the population of the city is 226,721....

.
Encyclopedia
Vero Beach is a city in Indian River County
Indian River County, Florida
Indian River County is a county located in the Treasure Coast region in the U.S. state of Florida. As of 2000, the population was 112,947. The U.S. Census Bureau 2005 estimate for the county is 128,594...

, Florida
Florida
Florida is a state in the southeastern United States, located on the nation's Atlantic and Gulf coasts. It is bordered to the west by the Gulf of Mexico, to the north by Alabama and Georgia and to the east by the Atlantic Ocean. With a population of 18,801,310 as measured by the 2010 census, it...

, USA
United States
The United States of America is a federal constitutional republic comprising fifty states and a federal district...

. According to the U.S. Census Bureau's 2006 estimates, the city had a population of 16,939. It is the county seat
County seat
A county seat is an administrative center, or seat of government, for a county or civil parish. The term is primarily used in the United States....

 of Indian River County. Vero Beach is a Principal City of the Sebastian
Sebastian, Florida
Sebastian is a city in Indian River County, in the Treasure Coast region of Florida, United States. The population was 16,181 at the 2000 census. In 2004, the population recorded by the U.S. Census Bureau was 18,671. As of 2010, the population recorded by the U.S...

–Vero Beach Metropolitan Statistical Area, which is home to 130,100 people.

Vero Beach is the location of Holman Stadium
Holman Stadium (Vero Beach)
Holman Stadium is a baseball stadium in Vero Beach, Florida, built in 1953 to accommodate spring training for the Dodgers as part of a complex called Dodgertown. In addition to the Dodgers' spring games, it was also the home of the Vero Beach Devil Rays of the Florida State League, through the...

, where the Brooklyn/Los Angeles Dodgers
Los Angeles Dodgers
The Los Angeles Dodgers are a professional baseball team based in Los Angeles, California. The Dodgers are members of Major League Baseball's National League West Division. Established in 1883, the team originated in Brooklyn, New York, where it was known by a number of nicknames before becoming...

 baseball team held their spring training
Spring training
In Major League Baseball, spring training is a series of practices and exhibition games preceding the start of the regular season. Spring training allows new players to try out for roster and position spots, and gives existing team players practice time prior to competitive play...

 camp from 1948 until 2008 when it moved to a new facility in Glendale, Arizona
Glendale, Arizona
Glendale is a city in Maricopa County, Arizona, USA, located about nine miles northwest from Downtown Phoenix. According to 2010 Census Bureau, the population of the city is 226,721....

. The stadium was also the home to the minor league Vero Beach Devil Rays
Vero Beach Devil Rays
The Vero Beach Devil Rays, originally the Vero Beach Dodgers, were a minor league baseball team based in Vero Beach, Florida. They played in the Class A-Advanced Florida State League from 1980–2008, at which point they relocated to Port Charlotte, Florida as the Charlotte Stone Crabs...

; however, in August 2008 the franchise was sold to the Ripken Baseball Group and did not return to Vero Beach for the 2009 season. In 2009, Holman Stadium was leased to Minor League Baseball
Minor league baseball
Minor league baseball is a hierarchy of professional baseball leagues in the Americas that compete at levels below Major League Baseball and provide opportunities for player development. All of the minor leagues are operated as independent businesses...

, and there is no word yet if a new team will make it its home.

Piper Aircraft Inc. builds aircraft here. Major industries include citrus
Citrus
Citrus is a common term and genus of flowering plants in the rue family, Rutaceae. Citrus is believed to have originated in the part of Southeast Asia bordered by Northeastern India, Myanmar and the Yunnan province of China...

 fruit packing and tourism
Tourism
Tourism is travel for recreational, leisure or business purposes. The World Tourism Organization defines tourists as people "traveling to and staying in places outside their usual environment for not more than one consecutive year for leisure, business and other purposes".Tourism has become a...

.

Geography and climate

Vero Beach is located at 27°38′31"N 80°23′28"W (27.641817, −80.391105). According to the United States Census Bureau
United States Census Bureau
The United States Census Bureau is the government agency that is responsible for the United States Census. It also gathers other national demographic and economic data...

, the city has a total area of 12.93 square miles (33.5 km²), of which 11.07 square miles (28.7 km²) is land and 1.85 square miles (4.8 km²) (14.31%) is water.

The city is divided by the Indian River Lagoon
Indian River Lagoon
The Indian River Lagoon is a grouping of three lagoons: Mosquito Lagoon, Banana River, and the Indian River, on the Atlantic Coast of Florida. It was originally named Rio de Ais after the Ais Indian tribe, who lived along the east coast of Florida....

 into the mainland on one side and Orchid Island
Orchid Island, Florida
Orchid Island, Florida, an Atlantic coastal barrier island located in Indian River County, Florida, is actually the Indian River County part of North Hutchinson Island, although that term in not used in Indian River County. Orchid Island is separated from the mainland on the west by the Indian...

, the oceanfront barrier island on the other. The island's population consists of a wide variety of incomes, including many second home owners and those living in upscale gated communities. Restrictive zoning has allowed the island to repel attempts to develop high-rise hotels and large commercial centers, so it maintains a quiet, residential atmosphere.

According to the World Almanac and Book of Facts, Vero Beach is at the eastern end of a demarcation line that separates Florida's climate into two zones: To the north, a humid subtropical climate
Humid subtropical climate
A humid subtropical climate is a climate zone characterized by hot, humid summers and mild to cool winters...

 and, to the south, a tropical climate
Tropical climate
A tropical climate is a climate of the tropics. In the Köppen climate classification it is a non-arid climate in which all twelve months have mean temperatures above...

. From Vero Beach, this line stretches straight across the state, with Bradenton
Bradenton, Florida
Bradenton is a city in Manatee County, Florida, United States. The U.S. Census Bureau estimated the city's 2007 population to be 53,471. Bradenton is the largest Principal City of the Bradenton-Sarasota-Venice, Florida Metropolitan Statistical Area, which had a 2007 estimated population of 682,833...

 on the western end of the demarcation line.
Monthly Normal and Record High and Low Temperatures
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Rec High °F 88 89 93 94 99 102 99 98 98 96 94 94
Norm High °F 73.3 74.1 77.6 81.4 85.2 89 90.4 90.2 88.7 84.3 79.1 74.7
Norm Low °F 52.7 53.6 57.8 61.6 67.2 71.8 73 72.9 72.7 68.5 61.9 54.7
Rec Low °F 21 28 32 40 47 57 67 64 64 46 36 23
Precip (in) 2.89 2.45 4.2 2.88 3.8 6.03 6.53 6.04 6.84 5.04 3.04 2.19
Source: USTravelWeather.com http://www.ustravelweather.com/weather-florida/vero-beach-weather.asp

Hurricane Frances

Hurricane Frances was the sixth named storm, the fourth hurricane, and the third major hurricane of the 2004 Atlantic hurricane season. The system crossing the open Atlantic during mid to late August, moving to the north of the Lesser Antilles while strengthening. Its outer bands affected Puerto Rico and the British Virgin Islands while passing north of the Caribbean sea. The storm's maximum sustained wind speeds peaked at 145 miles (233.4 km) per hour (233 km/h), achieving Category 4 on the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale. As the system slowed down its forward motion, the eye passed over San Salvador Island and very close to Cat Island in the Bahamas. Frances was the first hurricane to impact the entire Bahamian archipelago since 1866, and led to the nearly complete destruction of their agricultural economy.

Frances then passed over the central sections of the state of Florida in the U.S. only three weeks after Hurricane Charley, causing significant damage to the state's citrus crop, closing schools and canceling a football game. The storm then moved briefly offshore Florida into the northeast Gulf of Mexico and made a second U.S. landfall at the Florida Panhandle before accelerating northeast through the eastern United States near the Appalachians into Atlantic Canada while weakening. A significant tornado outbreak accompanied the storm across the eastern United States, nearly equaling the outbreak from Hurricane Beulah. Very heavy rains fell in association with this slow moving and relatively large hurricane, which led to floods in Florida and North Carolina. A total of 49 lives were lost from the cyclone. Damages totaled US$12 billion (2004 dollars).

Demographics

As of the census
Census
A census is the procedure of systematically acquiring and recording information about the members of a given population. It is a regularly occurring and official count of a particular population. The term is used mostly in connection with national population and housing censuses; other common...

of 2000, there were 17,705 people, 8,516 households, and 4,777 families residing in the city. The population density
Population density
Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. It is frequently applied to living organisms, and particularly to humans...

 was 1,598.9 per square mile (617.5/km²). There were 10,286 housing units at an average density of 928.9 per square mile (358.8/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 92.73% White, 3.42% African American, 0.20% Native American, 1.24% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 1.40% from other races
Race (United States Census)
Race and ethnicity in the United States Census, as defined by the Federal Office of Management and Budget and the United States Census Bureau, are self-identification data items in which residents choose the race or races with which they most closely identify, and indicate whether or not they are...

, and 0.99% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.79% of the population.

There were 8,516 households out of which 17.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.4% were married couples living together, 8.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 43.9% were non-families. 36.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.02 and the average family size was 2.59.

In the city the population was spread out with 16.0% under the age of 18, 7.0% from 18 to 24, 23.6% from 25 to 44, 24.1% from 45 to 64, and 29.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 48 years. For every 100 females there were 92.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.0 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $38,427, and the median income for a family was $50,260. Males had a median income of $31,217 versus $24,022 for females. The per capita income
Per capita income
Per capita income or income per person is a measure of mean income within an economic aggregate, such as a country or city. It is calculated by taking a measure of all sources of income in the aggregate and dividing it by the total population...

 for the city was $30,940. About 6.4% of families and 9.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.6% of those under age 18 and 4.5% of those age 65 or over.

Transportation

Vero Beach Municipal Airport
Vero Beach Municipal Airport
Vero Beach Municipal Airport is a public-use airport located northwest of the central business district of the city of Vero Beach in Indian River County, Florida, United States. The airport is publicly owned...

 is located one mile (1.6 km) northwest of the one central business district
Central business district
A central business district is the commercial and often geographic heart of a city. In North America this part of a city is commonly referred to as "downtown" or "city center"...

.

John F. Kennedy Jr. received his flight certification at Vero Beach Municipal Airport and spent much of his leisure time in the oceanside resort town.

GoLine Indian River Transit is a free (donation boxes are in each bus if you like) bus system that spreads all over the Vero Beach area.

Rail

The Florida East Coast Railway
Florida East Coast Railway
The Florida East Coast Railway is a Class II railroad operating in the U.S. state of Florida; in the past, it has been a Class I railroad.Built primarily in the last quarter of the 19th century and the first decade of the 20th century, the FEC was a project of Standard Oil principal Henry Morrison...

 mainline bisects Vero Beach. The old passenger depot was relocated next to the trackage to its current location, though there is no regularly scheduled passenger service to Vero Beach at present, but serves as a museum. FEC serves a local lumber/building materials customer in Vero Beach itself that receives boxcars and flatcars, and a sand/aggregate customer just to the north of Vero that receives hopper cars, including FEC's signature Ortner aggregate hoppers. These are visible to railfans when they travel on the roadway that parallels the FEC right-of-way. Most FEC trains, and NS run-throughs with trackage rights, pass through Vero under cover of darkness. FEC is fully CTC, and extremely well maintained. Indeed, employment with FEC is one of the most coveted railroad industry jobs in the South-east United States. Just to the north of Vero, in the vicinity of the sand/aggregate customer, the now-disconnected spurs that once served citrus-packing companies in the area can be seen. These companies now ship their product by truck. It is unknown, at present, if FEC intends to try to recapture this business by reconnecting the various spurs and offering regular local service that can move the product to market faster.

Industry

Vero Beach is home to general aviation manufacturer Piper Aircraft http://piper.com, which is the largest private employer in Indian River County but has recently been firing many of their employees. Aside from Piper, the bulk of commercial activity in Vero Beach centers around tourism, particularly in the high season months of December through April; the citrus industry (Vero Beach is well-known for Indian River Grapefruit); and professional and service activities, particularly those catering the area's large senior citizen population.

Beaches

The beaches in Vero Beach are part of Florida's Treasure Coast
Treasure Coast
The Treasure Coast is a region in the U.S. state of Florida, generally considered to include Indian River, St. Lucie, and Martin counties. The area stretches from Hobe Sound in the south to north of Sebastian in the north and includes the cities of Stuart, Port St. Lucie, Fort Pierce, and Vero Beach...

. Vero's main public beach is known as South Beach, accessible at the eastern end of Causeway Boulevard, State Road 656. It is a very large, guarded beach that is used for sports. There are two volleyball courts and space to play other sports. There are two pavilions with barbecues and a bathroom with vending machines.

Another public beach is Humiston Park, in Vero's Central Beach Business District. Humiston is a guarded beach. It has a playground and boardwalk.

Jaycee Park is adjacent to Conn Beach which is guarded and has a boardwalk extending southward approximately 2/3 of a mile along Ocean Drive. Jaycee Park has about fifteen pavilions, all with barbecues. It has a small playground and a long boardwalk.

The unguarded beach between Conn and Humiston is frequently used by skim boarders, fishermen, and occasionally by surf boarders although the surf is rarely high enough for extensive surfing.

Vero Beach also has other public access trails and walkways with beach access.

Water recreation in the Indian River Lagoon

The Indian River Lagoon
Indian River Lagoon
The Indian River Lagoon is a grouping of three lagoons: Mosquito Lagoon, Banana River, and the Indian River, on the Atlantic Coast of Florida. It was originally named Rio de Ais after the Ais Indian tribe, who lived along the east coast of Florida....

, passing through Vero Beach, forms a significant portion of the Intracoastal Waterway
Intracoastal Waterway
The Intracoastal Waterway is a 3,000-mile waterway along the Atlantic and Gulf coasts of the United States. Some lengths consist of natural inlets, salt-water rivers, bays, and sounds; others are artificial canals...

, and is a hub for boating, fishing, water skiing, and other small-craft waterborne activities. Sheltered from the open ocean, the Indian River area of Vero has a number of public and private marinas and boat launch facilities.

Bridge

Vero Beach is home to the seventh largest (face-to-face) bridge club in North America, The Vero Beach Duplicate Bridge Club. People often move to Vero Beach to play Bridge as games are available daily, not only at the Vero Beach Bridge Center but in numerous other clubs in the area.

National Register of Historic Places

  • Driftwood Inn
    Driftwood Inn and Restaurant
    The Driftwood Inn and Restaurant is a historic site in Vero Beach, Florida. It is located at 3150 Ocean Drive. On August 6, 1994, it was added to the U.S. National Register of Historic Places. The Driftwood Inn was opened in 1937, conceived and constructed by local Vero Beach eccentric and...

     – located in Vero's central beach business district, it is a historic hotel constructed in the early 20th Century by the late local eccentric and explorer Waldo E. Sexton
    Waldo E. Sexton
    Waldo E. Sexton was an entrepreneur whose enterprises have attracted visitors to Vero Beach, Florida since the 1930s and remain of value to the community, industry, tourists, artists, historians and horticulturalists. He was named to the list of Great Floridians by the Florida Department of State...

    . This facility was originally built entirely from pieces of driftwood and other antiques. Sexton also designed the "Hall of Giants" at McKee Jungle Gardens.
  • Hallstrom House
    Hallstrom House
    The Hallstrom House is a historic house in Vero Beach, Florida. It is located at 1723 Southwest Old Dixie Highway. Beginning as a pineapple plantation in 1909 the main house was erected by Swedish horticulturist Axel Hallstrom. With help from Norse and Swedish craftsmen, the structure was...

  • Old Indian River County Courthouse
  • Judge Henry F. Gregory House
    Judge Henry F. Gregory House
    The Judge Henry F. Gregory House is a historic home in Vero Beach, Florida, United States. It is located at 2179 10th Avenue. On June 3, 1994, it was added to the U.S. National Register of Historic Places.-References and external links:* at * at...

  • Maher Building
    Maher Building
    The Maher Building, also known as the Illinois Hotel, is a historic building in Vero Beach, Florida. Originally located at 1423 Osceola Boulevard now 20th Street the Maher Building housed the Maher department store owned by William J. and Catherine Maher. The store retained a reasonable reputation...

  • McKee Jungle Gardens
    McKee Botanical Garden
    The McKee Botanical Garden 18 acres is a non-profit, subtropical botanical garden in Vero Beach, Florida. It is located at 350 U.S. Highway 1, Vero Beach, Florida. It was founded in 1929, when Waldo Sexton and Arthur G. McKee purchased an tropical hammock along the Indian River...

     – visit periodic exhibitions ranging from plant and flower shows to dinosaur displays
  • Old Palmetto Hotel
    Old Palmetto Hotel
    The Old Palmetto Hotel is a historic hotel in Vero Beach, Florida. Located at 1889 Old Dixie Highway the Palmetto Hotel was constructed in 1921 by George W. Gray. The hotel provided a social center for the community as well as a lodging site for the many winter guests who would visit annually...

  • Pueblo Arcade
    Pueblo Arcade
    The Pueblo Arcade is a historic building in Vero Beach, Florida. Located at 2044 14th Street, the Pueblo Arcade was built in the Mission/Spanish Revival style in 1926 by local contractors Blackford and Davis. This structure was very popular among the citizens of Vero Beach due to its ingenious...

  • Royal Park Arcade
    Royal Park Arcade
    The Royal Park Arcade is a historic site in Vero Beach, Florida. It is located at 1059 21st Street. On July 31, 1998, it was added to the U.S. National Register of Historic Places.-References and external links:* at...

  • Theodore Hausmann Estate
    Theodore Hausmann Estate
    The Theodore Hausmann Estate is a historic site in Vero Beach, Florida. It is located at 4800 16th Street. On March 14, 1997, it was added to the U.S. National Register of Historic Places.-References and external links:* at * at...

  • Old Vero Beach Community Building
    Old Vero Beach Community Building
    The Old Vero Beach Community Building is a historic building in Vero Beach, Florida...

  • Vero Beach Diesel Power Plant
    Vero Beach Diesel Power Plant
    The Vero Beach Diesel Power Plant is a historic power plant in Vero Beach, Florida. Located at 1246 19th Street, the Vero Beach Diesel Power Plant was built in 1926 replacing an earlier power plant due to the areas extensive growth...

  • Vero Beach Woman's Club
    Vero Beach Woman's Club
    The Vero Beach Woman's Club is a historic woman's club in Vero Beach, Florida. It is located at 1534 21st Street. On February 10, 1995, it was added to the U.S. National Register of Historic Places.-History:...

  • Vero Railroad Station
    Vero Railroad Station
    The Vero Railroad Station is a historic Florida East Coast Railway train station in Vero Beach, Florida. It is located at 2336 Fourteenth Avenue. On January 6, 1987, it was added to the U.S. National Register of Historic Places.The structure no longer serves as a railroad station...

  • Vero Theatre
    Vero Theatre
    The Vero Theatre is a historic theater in Vero Beach, Florida. Located at 2036 14th Avenue, the Vero Theatre was designed in the Mediterranean Revival style by architect F.H. Trimble. It opened on October 14, 1924 as the city's first mostion picture theater with its first feature film being the...


Historic events

1870 – Captain Allen W. Estes established the first homestead on the Indian River
Indian River (Florida)
The Indian River is a waterway in Florida, a part of the Indian River Lagoon system which forms the Atlantic Intracoastal Waterway. It extends southward from the Ponce de Leon inlet in New Smyrna Beach, Florida [Volusia County] southward and across the "Haulover Canal" and along the western shore...

 near Bethel Creek. He was known as the "old hermit of Bethel Creek."

1891 – Henry T. Gifford applied to build a post office in the area. Folklore states that his wife Sarah gave the name of Vero, which in Latin means "in truth."

1893 – Henry Flagler’s Florida East Coast Railway
Florida East Coast Railway
The Florida East Coast Railway is a Class II railroad operating in the U.S. state of Florida; in the past, it has been a Class I railroad.Built primarily in the last quarter of the 19th century and the first decade of the 20th century, the FEC was a project of Standard Oil principal Henry Morrison...

 began operation through the area, allowing fishermen and small fruit and vegetable growers to ship their products to the north.

1903 – After Henry Flagler opened access to south Florida with his railway, the small community of Vero built their first railway station.

1911 – Herman Zeuch, born in Iowa in 1867, purchased 55000 acres (222.6 km²) of land for growing citrus after twelve trips to Florida and three years of planning. After this purchase, Zeuch began draining the land for development.

1912 – Zeuch formed the Indian River Farms Co. and hired a civil engineer from Iowa, William H. Kimball, to continue draining the land. Zeuch and his assistant, Col. R. D. Carter laid out a town site and built the town of Vero over the next few years. Originally, the streets were given names from places in Iowa and Illinois such as Des Moines and Davenport. Within a year, they changed their minds and named the streets after Native Americans.

1915 – Human bones were discovered near Vero Beach in association with pleistocene
Pleistocene
The Pleistocene is the epoch from 2,588,000 to 11,700 years BP that spans the world's recent period of repeated glaciations. The name pleistocene is derived from the Greek and ....

 animal bones.

1919 – Vero Beach became chartered as an official town. Also during this year, Paul Nisle, a local pioneer started the first newspaper and called it the Vero Press.

1920 – The second bridge across the "Indian River Lagoon" was built at Vero. (First was in Cocoa, Brevard County.) This connected for the first time the barrier island with the main land. There already was established a hotel (1917) and the Riomar settlement of people from Ohio.

1924 – The Vero Theatre
Vero Theatre
The Vero Theatre is a historic theater in Vero Beach, Florida. Located at 2036 14th Avenue, the Vero Theatre was designed in the Mediterranean Revival style by architect F.H. Trimble. It opened on October 14, 1924 as the city's first mostion picture theater with its first feature film being the...

 opens as the city's first mostion picture theater.

1925 – Until this time Vero was part of St. Lucie County. A local group of Vero Beach citizens desired to form a new county separate of St. Lucie County. In May, Indian River County was formed, and Vero Beach became the county seat. Vero’s name was officially changed to "Vero Beach" in 1925.

1926 – A large Electrical Power Plant was built on the south side of 19th Pl., between 12th Ct. and the railroad tracks.

1927 – The Vero Beach Journal purchased the Vero Press, becoming the Vero Beach Press Journal, produced by the Schumann family.

1942 – During World War II
World War II
World War II, or the Second World War , was a global conflict lasting from 1939 to 1945, involving most of the world's nations—including all of the great powers—eventually forming two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis...

, the U.S. Navy purchased 1500 acres (6.1 km²) surrounding the Vero Beach Municipal Airport as the site for a Naval Air Station. The base was formally commissioned November 1942.

1948Major League Baseball
Major League Baseball
Major League Baseball is the highest level of professional baseball in the United States and Canada, consisting of teams that play in the National League and the American League...

 came to Vero Beach when local businessman, Bud Holman, invited the Brooklyn Dodgers' to take over an unused Naval air station following World War II
World War II
World War II, or the Second World War , was a global conflict lasting from 1939 to 1945, involving most of the world's nations—including all of the great powers—eventually forming two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis...

. The Dodgers fancied the area, thus Dodgertown was born as their winter training grounds.

1957 – Piper Aircraft began research and development in Vero Beach which was built on part of the grounds of the former naval air station.

1958 – The Vero Beach Theatre Guild is formed.

1961 – Piper Aircraft moved its administrative and manufacturing operations here after completing building additions.

1966 – The Vero Beach Concert Association begins presenting concerts.

1967 – Piper expanded its facility to 11 acres (44,515.5 m²) and its work force to over 2,000 employees.

1965 – In February, the A1A bridge over the Sebastian Inlet was opened connecting the barrier islands.

1974 – Riverside Theatre opens.

1977 – A significant amount of snow fell in Vero Beach, actually blanketing the ground.

1986 – The Vero Beach Museum of Art
Vero Beach Museum of Art
The Vero Beach Museum of Art is located at 3001 River Park Drive, Vero Beach, Florida. It houses regional, state and national art exhibits and includes a sculpture garden. The Vero Beach Museum of Art is the principal cultural arts facility of its kind on Florida’s Treasure Coast...

 opens.

1996 – In November, the Indian River Mall opened.

2001 – Vero Beach made national headlines as FBI agents moved into the area following 9/11 when some of the terrorists involved in the attacks were reported to have been trained at FlightSafety International
FlightSafety International
FlightSafety International is a provider of professional aviation training, simulation equipment and software, operating as a wholly owned subsidiary of Berkshire Hathaway, who has owned the company since 1996....

, located at the Vero Beach Municipal Airport
Vero Beach Municipal Airport
Vero Beach Municipal Airport is a public-use airport located northwest of the central business district of the city of Vero Beach in Indian River County, Florida, United States. The airport is publicly owned...

.

2009 – The Brackett Library opens at Indian River State College's Mueller Campus.

2009 – On June 22, an all-time record high of 102 degrees was set for Vero Beach.

Crime statistics

List of the number of crimes committed since 2000
  • Murder-8

  • Rape-59

  • Robbery-57

  • Aggravated Assault-314

  • Burglary-998

  • Larceny-theft-3,338

  • Motor vehicle thefts-203

Notable residents

  • Warren Anderson, former CEO of Union Carbide
    Union Carbide
    Union Carbide Corporation is a wholly owned subsidiary of The Dow Chemical Company. It currently employs more than 2,400 people. Union Carbide primarily produces chemicals and polymers that undergo one or more further conversions by customers before reaching consumers. Some are high-volume...

  • Elden Auker
    Elden Auker
    Elden le Roy Auker was an American right-handed pitcher in Major League Baseball noted for his submarine pitching style....

    , former major league baseball player, died 2006
  • Fred Barnes
    Fred Barnes (journalist)
    Frederic W. Barnes is an American political commentator. He is the executive editor of the news publication The Weekly Standard and regularly appears on the Fox News Channel program Special Report with Bret Baier...

    , journalist, editor of The Weekly Standard
    The Weekly Standard
    The Weekly Standard is an American neoconservative opinion magazine published 48 times per year. Its founding publisher, News Corporation, debuted the title September 18, 1995. Currently edited by founder William Kristol and Fred Barnes, the Standard has been described as a "redoubt of...

     and Fox News host
  • Michael Bloomberg
    Michael Bloomberg
    Michael Rubens Bloomberg is the current Mayor of New York City. With a net worth of $19.5 billion in 2011, he is also the 12th-richest person in the United States...

    , current mayor of New York City
  • Jon Bon Jovi
    Jon Bon Jovi
    Jon Bon Jovi is an American musician, singer, songwriter, and actor, best known as the founder, occasional rhythm guitarist, and lead singer of rock band Bon Jovi, which was named after him...

    , singer
  • Prescott Bush Jr., son of Sen. Prescott Bush of CT, brother of George H. W. Bush
    George H. W. Bush
    George Herbert Walker Bush is an American politician who served as the 41st President of the United States . He had previously served as the 43rd Vice President of the United States , a congressman, an ambassador, and Director of Central Intelligence.Bush was born in Milton, Massachusetts, to...

     and uncle of George W. Bush
    George W. Bush
    George Walker Bush is an American politician who served as the 43rd President of the United States, from 2001 to 2009. Before that, he was the 46th Governor of Texas, having served from 1995 to 2000....

  • Steve Case
    Steve Case
    Stephen McConnell "Steve" Case is an American businessman best known as the co-founder and former chief executive officer and chairman of America Online . Since his retirement as chairman of AOL Time Warner in 2003, he has gone on to build a variety of new businesses through his investment...

    , co-founder, AOL
  • Hugh B. Cave
    Hugh B. Cave
    Hugh Barnett Cave was a prolific writer of pulp fiction who also excelled in other genres.-Life:Born in Chester, England, Hugh B. Cave moved during his childhood with his family to Boston, Massachusetts, following the outbreak of World War I...

    , author
  • Scotty Emerick
    Scotty Emerick
    Walter Scott "Scotty" Emerick is an American country music artist, known primarily for his work with Toby Keith. In addition to penning several of Keith's singles, Emerick has also written for Sawyer Brown, George Strait and several other artists...

    , independent singer-songwriter
  • Gloria Estefan
    Gloria Estefan
    Gloria María Milagrosa Fajardo García de Estefan; known professionally as Gloria Estefan is a Cuban-born American singer, songwriter, and actress. Known as the "Queen Of Latin Pop", she is in the top 100 best selling music artists with over 100 million albums sold worldwide, 31.5 million of those...

    , professional singer
  • Emilio Estefan
    Emilio Estefan
    Emilio Estefan, Jr. is a Cuban-American of Lebanese ancestry who is a musician and producer. Estefan's first taste of celebrity came as a member of the Miami Sound Machine, but he is also recognized as the producer of many famous singers. He is the husband of singer Gloria Estefan...

    , singer, actor, and producer
  • Mardy Fish
    Mardy Fish
    Mardy Simpson Fish is an American professional tennis player, and Olympic silver medalist. He is a hardcourt specialist...

    , professional tennis player
  • Calvin Souther Fuller
    Calvin Souther Fuller
    Calvin Souther Fuller was a physical chemist at AT&T Bell Laboratories where he worked for 37 years from 1930 to 1967. Fuller was part of a team in basic research that found answers to physical challenges...

    , inventor of the solar cell, died 1994
  • Billy Graham
    Billy Graham
    William Franklin "Billy" Graham, Jr. is an American evangelical Christian evangelist. As of April 25, 2010, when he met with Barack Obama, Graham has spent personal time with twelve United States Presidents dating back to Harry S. Truman, and is number seven on Gallup's list of admired people for...

    , Christian evangelist
  • Carl Hiassen, journalist, novelist, and author of children's books
  • Dwayne Johnson (The Rock), actor and former professional wrestler
  • Tommy Lee Jones
    Tommy Lee Jones
    Tommy Lee Jones is an American actor and film director. He has received three Academy Award nominations, winning one as Best Supporting Actor for the 1993 thriller film The Fugitive....

    , professional actor
  • Sandy Koufax
    Sandy Koufax
    Sanford "Sandy" Koufax is a former left-handed baseball pitcher who played his entire 12-year Major League Baseball career for the Brooklyn/Los Angeles Dodgers...

    , hall of fame pitcher
  • Ivan Lendl
    Ivan Lendl
    Ivan Lendl is a former world no. 1 professional tennis player. Originally from Czechoslovakia, Lendl became a United States citizen. He was one of the game's most dominant players in the 1980s and remained a top competitor into the early 1990s. He is considered to be one of the greatest tennis...

    , former professional tennis player
  • Richard Littlejohn
    Richard Littlejohn
    Richard William Littlejohn is an English author, broadcaster and journalist. He is noted for his Conservative views and currently writes a twice-weekly column for the Daily Mail....

    , English
    English people
    The English are a nation and ethnic group native to England, who speak English. The English identity is of early mediaeval origin, when they were known in Old English as the Anglecynn. England is now a country of the United Kingdom, and the majority of English people in England are British Citizens...

     journalist
  • Debbie Mayfield
    Debbie Mayfield
    Debbie Mayfield is a Vero Beach, Florida Mortgage Broker and Republican politician who serves as the representative for District 80 of the House of Representatives of the State of Florida. She was first elected to the Florida House in 2008...

    , Florida state representative
  • F. James McDonald
    F. James McDonald
    Francis James McDonald was an American engineer and business executive who worked his way up through the ranks at General Motors, ultimately serving as its president and chief operating officer from 1981 to 1987 during the tenure of chairman and chief executive Roger Smith.McDonald was born in...

     (1922–2010), former president and chief operating officer of General Motors
    General Motors
    General Motors Company , commonly known as GM, formerly incorporated as General Motors Corporation, is an American multinational automotive corporation headquartered in Detroit, Michigan and the world's second-largest automaker in 2010...

    .
  • Art Modell
    Art Modell
    Arthur B. Modell is an American businessman, entrepreneur and former National Football League team owner. He owned the Cleveland Browns franchise from 1961–1995 and the Baltimore Ravens franchise from 1996–2004. Modell is the grandson of the late Morris Modell who founded the northeast...

    , former owner of the Baltimore Ravens
  • Alison Mosshart
    Alison Mosshart
    Alison Nicole Mosshart is an American singer, songwriter and occasional model best known as the lead vocalist for the indie rock band The Kills and blues rock band The Dead Weather. She started her musical career in 1995 with the Florida punk rock band Discount which disbanded in 2000...

    , lead singer of The Kills
    The Kills
    The Kills is a rock band formed by American singer Alison Mosshart and British guitarist Jamie Hince . Their first three albums, Keep On Your Mean Side, No Wow, and Midnight Boom, have garnered much critical praise...

     and The Dead Weather
    The Dead Weather
    The Dead Weather is an American alternative rock supergroup, formed in Nashville, Tennessee in 2009. Composed of Alison Mosshart , Jack White , Dean Fertita and Jack Lawrence , The Dead Weather debuted at the opening of Third Man Records' Nashville...

  • Jake Owen
    Jake Owen
    Joshua Ryan "Jake" Owen is an American country music artist. Signed to RCA Records Nashville in 2005, he released his debut album Startin' with Me that year. The album produced three singles, all of which reached Top 20 on the Billboard Hot Country Songs chart: "Yee Haw", "Startin' with Me", and...

    , country music singer-songwriter, graduate of Vero Beach High School, 1999
  • Peter George Peterson
    Peter George Peterson
    Peter G. Peterson is an American businessman, investment banker, fiscal conservative, author, and politician whose most prominent political position was as United States Secretary of Commerce from February 29, 1972, to February 1, 1973 under Richard Nixon. He is most well known currently as...

    , co-founder, Blackstone Group
    Blackstone Group
    The Blackstone Group L.P. is an American-based alternative asset management and financial services company that specializes in private equity, real estate, and credit and marketable alternative investment strategies, as well as financial advisory services, such as mergers and acquisitions ,...

  • Ralph Poppell
    Ralph Poppell
    Ralph Poppell is a Florida Republican politician who served as a Representative in the House of Representatives of the U.S. state of Florida. He was first elected to the Florida House in 2002 and left office due to term limitation in 2010....

    , Florida state representative, graduate of Vero Beach High School, 1959
  • Prince
    Prince (musician)
    Prince Rogers Nelson , often known simply as Prince, is an American singer, songwriter, musician, and actor. Prince has produced ten platinum albums and thirty Top 40 singles during his career. Prince founded his own recording studio and label; writing, self-producing and playing most, or all, of...

    , musician
  • Albert Reed
    Albert Reed
    Albert Reed is an American model featured in numerous high-end clothing ads and commercials. Raised in the surf culture of Vero Beach, Florida, Reed's modeling career accelerated at the age of 19 after appearing on the cover of Abercrombie & Fitch's 2004 back-to-school catalog. In August 2007,...

    , model, 2007 Dancing with the Stars competitor, actor, graduate of Vero Beach High School, 2003
  • Priscilla Renea
    Priscilla Renea
    Priscilla Renea Hamilton is an American singer and songwriter. She is signed to Capitol Records, and her debut album, Jukebox, was released on December 1, 2009 but failed to garner success. Her second album is expected to be released sometime in 2011, although no official release details have been...

    , singer-songwriter signed to Capitol Records
    Capitol Records
    Capitol Records is a major United States based record label, formerly located in Los Angeles, but operating in New York City as part of Capitol Music Group. Its former headquarters building, the Capitol Tower, is a major landmark near the corner of Hollywood and Vine...

    ,debut album entitled "Jukebox
    Jukebox (Priscilla Renea album)
    Jukebox is the debut studio album by American pop singer-songwriter Priscilla Renea. It was released on December 1, 2009 and sold 1,200 records in its first week. It failed to reach the Billboard 200 but reached number twenty-three on the Billboard Heatseekers chart, where it stayed for one week....

    " released in 2009
  • Dutch Rennert
    Dutch Rennert
    Laurence Henry "Dutch" Rennert, Jr. is a former umpire in Major League Baseball who worked in the National League from 1973 to 1992. He was considered one of the game's most colorful characters, best known for his animated and loud strike calls; similar to the NFL's colorful referee Red Cashion...

    , former M.L.B. Umpire (N.L.)
  • Theodore Roosevelt
    Theodore Roosevelt
    Theodore "Teddy" Roosevelt was the 26th President of the United States . He is noted for his exuberant personality, range of interests and achievements, and his leadership of the Progressive Movement, as well as his "cowboy" persona and robust masculinity...

    , United States President
  • Parvati Shallow
    Parvati Shallow
    Parvati Shallow is the $1,000,000 winner of the reality television series Survivor: Micronesia after receiving votes from Eliza Orlins, Jason Siska, Alexis Jones, Natalie Bolton, and Cirie Fields. She had previously competed in Survivor: Cook Islands where she placed sixth, and later was the...

    , winner of Survivor: Micronesia
    Survivor: Micronesia
    Survivor: Micronesia — Fans vs. Favorites is the sixteenth season of the American CBS competitive reality television series Survivor, being the show's third to include contestants from past seasons, after the all-returning contestant pool from Survivor: All-Stars, and Survivor: Guatemala in which...

    , runner-up in Survivor: Heroes vs. Villains
  • Sylvester Stallone
    Sylvester Stallone
    Michael Sylvester Gardenzio Stallone , commonly known as Sylvester Stallone, and nicknamed Sly Stallone, is an American actor, filmmaker, screenwriter, film director and occasional painter. Stallone is known for his machismo and Hollywood action roles. Two of the notable characters he has portrayed...

    , professional actor
  • Terry Taylor
    Terry Taylor
    Terry Taylor , is an American retired professional wrestler best known for his time in the National Wrestling Alliance, World Championship Wrestling, and the World Wrestling Federation...

    , professional wrestler
  • Mike Tyson
    Mike Tyson
    Michael Gerard "Mike" Tyson is a retired American boxer. Tyson is a former undisputed heavyweight champion of the world and holds the record as the youngest boxer to win the WBC, WBA and IBF world heavyweight titles, he was 20 years, 4 months and 22 days old...

    , former professional boxer
  • Fay Vincent
    Fay Vincent
    Francis Thomas "Fay" Vincent, Jr. is a former entertainment lawyer and sports executive who served as the eighth Commissioner of Major League Baseball from September 13, 1989 to September 7, 1992.-Early life and career:...

    , former commissioner of major league baseball and chairman of Columbia Pictures
  • John Walsh
    John Walsh
    John Edward Walsh is an American television personality, criminal investigator, human and victim rights advocate and formerly the host, as well as creator, of America's Most Wanted...

    , host of America's Most Wanted

Riverside Theatre

Built in 1973 on a 54 acres (218,530.4 m²) tract of land designated by the city of Vero Beach as a cultural, Riverside Theatre was erected with $1.5 million raised solely from private donations. In its first few years of existence, the Riverside Theatre served primarily as the home to the Vero Beach Theatre Guild, the local community group, and occasional bus & truck tours. In 1980, the Riverside Children Theatre added education and programming for children to these activities, though it wasn't until 1985, with the hiring of a full-time education director that classes and productions starring local children truly began. In 1983. the Friends of Riverside Theatre, a fundraising group, started the Celebrity Series with an appearance by Ray Charles
Ray Charles
Ray Charles Robinson , known by his shortened stage name Ray Charles, was an American musician. He was a pioneer in the genre of soul music during the 1950s by fusing rhythm and blues, gospel, and blues styles into his early recordings with Atlantic Records...

, and this series, and appearances by celebrities, became an integral part of the Theatre's programming.

As Riverside grew, so did its facilities. In 1986, a rehearsal hall was added to the west of the Theatre proper. In 1991, the Agnes Wahstrom Youth Playhouse became the home of Riverside Children's Theatre and additional funds helped break ground for a scene shop adjacent to the northeast corner of the main Theatre building. In 1998, the Anne Morton Theatre, Riverside's second stage opened. Built primarily as the home RCT productions. the AMT also serves as the site for Riverside 2, the Acting Company's second stage series, and the Actors' Cabaret. In 1999, still more construction renovated the backstage areas and original dressing rooms and moved all the administrative offices out the Theatre and into the Leonhardt Administration Wing.

All these additions pale however in comparison with what's to come. In 1999, a Long Range Facilities Planning Committee surveyed staff, patrons and the Board as the theatre's long term facility needs. This survey found that renovation of the audience chamber and the addition of a lobby were the primary concerns of the Riverside faithful. In the summer of 1999, architects were hired to address these concerns. Feasibility studies, three different schematic designs, and fundraising ensued.

On September 1, 2005, a building permit for the new Riverside Theatre was granted. The new building opened on schedule in March, 2007, with a permanent home for the Second Stage, a renovated lobby and mainstage audience chamber.

High schools

  • Vero Beach High School
    Vero Beach High School
    Vero Beach High School is located in Vero Beach, Florida, the county seat of Indian River County. Founded in 1925 , VBHS is a large, comprehensive high school, located on Florida’s east coast. The high school serves 2,675 students in grades 9-12 who reside in the southern portion of Indian River...

     The first high school in Vero Beach

public · 9–12 · 2000 students
1707 16th St
Vero Beach, FL 32960
(772) 564-4620
District: Indian River County Public Schools
  • Indian River Charter High School Established in 1998.

charter · 9–12 · 700 students
6055 College Lane
Vero Beach, FL 32966
(772) 567-6600
District: Indian River County Public Schools
  • St. Edward's School

private · PK-12 · 876 students
1895 Saint Edwards Dr
Vero Beach, FL 32963
(772) 231-4136
  • Alternative Center for Education

public · 5–12 · 32 students
4680 28th Court
Vero Beach, FL 32967
(772) 564-6240
District: Indian River County Public Schools
  • Anderson Academy

private · 8–12 · 31 students
801 154th Ave
Vero Beach, FL 32966
(772) 978–4164
  • Masters Academy

private · PK-12 · 291 students
1105 58th Ave
Vero Beach, FL 32966
(772) 794-4655
  • Tabernacle Baptist Christian School

private · K-12 · 46 students
51 Old Dixie Hwy
Vero Beach, FL 32962
(772) 562-0723

Colleges

  • Indian River State College – Mueller Campus

6155 College Lane
Vero Beach, FL
(772) 569-0333
http://www.irsc.edu/
  • Florida Institute of Technology (772) 231-9161
  • University of Florida (772) 778-7200

Retirement

Thanks to its location on Florida's "Treasure Coast," Vero Beach is a retirement hot spot. It was rated three times as a top ten city. The city is located on the Atlantic Ocean, so the water is warmed by the Gulf Stream. Vero Beach has an average of 74 degree weather. This a major reason as to why Vero Beach retirement can be so relaxing and beneficial.

Retirement Benefits
of beach
  • No state income tax
  • State sales tax rate of only seven percent
  • Relatively low property taxes
  • State-of-the-art medical facility
  • Variety of helpful senior services
  • recreation: surfing, hiking, swimming, fishing, boating, kayaking, golfing, contract bridge, etc.


Retirement Housing

The median home price of a single-family home in 2006 was approximately $235,000.

There are also many retirement communities with a host of amenities, including:

The Isles of Vero Beach, one of many communities, combines the advantages of an independent lifestyle with congregate living. A minimum monthly price of $2,225 includes main meal and snacks, entertainment, pools, services, activities, accessible medical assistance, and home options ranging from private rooms to two-bedroom apartments.

ACTS Retirement-Life Communities, Inc. maintains two properties in Vero Beach: Indian River Estates East and West. At these CARF-CCAC accredited life care communities, occupants pay an entrance fee to cover access to medical services plus a monthly housing fee, based on the type of unit and number of occupants. Units vary from studio apartments to three-bedroom, two bath villas. Main meals, snacks, pools, services, entertainment, and other amenities are just a few of the options.

Vero Man

Vero Beach was the site of a major archaeological
Archaeology
Archaeology, or archeology , is the study of human society, primarily through the recovery and analysis of the material culture and environmental data that they have left behind, which includes artifacts, architecture, biofacts and cultural landscapes...

 discovery in 1915. Starting in 1913 vertebrate
Vertebrate
Vertebrates are animals that are members of the subphylum Vertebrata . Vertebrates are the largest group of chordates, with currently about 58,000 species described. Vertebrates include the jawless fishes, bony fishes, sharks and rays, amphibians, reptiles, mammals, and birds...

 fossil
Fossil
Fossils are the preserved remains or traces of animals , plants, and other organisms from the remote past...

s were uncovered during the construction of a drainage canal from the Indian River
Indian River (Florida)
The Indian River is a waterway in Florida, a part of the Indian River Lagoon system which forms the Atlantic Intracoastal Waterway. It extends southward from the Ponce de Leon inlet in New Smyrna Beach, Florida [Volusia County] southward and across the "Haulover Canal" and along the western shore...

 westward, between Vero Beach and Gifford
Gifford, Florida
Gifford is a census-designated place in Indian River County, Florida, United States. It is part of the Sebastian–Vero Beach Metropolitan Statistical Area. The population was 7,599 at the 2000 census. Gifford has a very rich African American history. There are several pioneer families that...

. Samples of the fossils were sent by Isaac M. Weills and Frank Ayers to the state geologist of Florida, Dr. E. H. Sellards, who recognized the finds as Pleistocene
Pleistocene
The Pleistocene is the epoch from 2,588,000 to 11,700 years BP that spans the world's recent period of repeated glaciations. The name pleistocene is derived from the Greek and ....

 animals and asked the two men to watch out for human remains. In 1915 fossilized human bones from at least five individuals were found in the banks of the canal. One skeleton, consisting of 44 bones, became known as 'Vero Man'. As some of the human fossils and stone tool artifacts
Artifact (archaeology)
An artifact or artefact is "something made or given shape by man, such as a tool or a work of art, esp an object of archaeological interest"...

 (including an incised Proboscidea
Proboscidea
Proboscidea is a taxonomic order containing one living family, Elephantidae, and several extinct families. This order was first described by J. Illiger in 1881 and encompasses the trunked mammals...

n tusk) appeared to be associated with the fossils of Pleistocene animals, the find created an international controversy over whether it provided the first evidence that human beings had inhabited the 'new world
New World
The New World is one of the names used for the Western Hemisphere, specifically America and sometimes Oceania . The term originated in the late 15th century, when America had been recently discovered by European explorers, expanding the geographical horizon of the people of the European middle...

' prior to the end of the Wisconsin glaciation
Wisconsin glaciation
The last glacial period was the most recent glacial period within the current ice age occurring during the last years of the Pleistocene, from approximately 110,000 to 10,000 years ago....

 (c. 10,000 BCE). Half of the experts who examined the material concluded that humans coexisted with Pleistocene animals at the Vero site, and the other half concluded that any human remains or artifacts associated with Pleistocene fossils had been intruded from more recent deposits by intentional burial or by natural processes. Because the dates to which Pleistocene animals survived and the development of material cultures
Archaeological culture
An archaeological culture is a recurring assemblage of artifacts from a specific time and place, which are thought to constitute the material culture remains of a particular past human society. The connection between the artifacts is based on archaeologists' understanding and interpretation and...

 (tool styles) in North America were poorly understood at time, because there was no way to date archaeological finds at the time other than by comparison with similar finds from a known sequence, and because the idea that humans had been in America before Pleistocene animals had died out was considered very unlikely, the skeptics won out. Over the next thirty years, the remains were shuffled back and forth between the Smithsonian Institution
Smithsonian Institution
The Smithsonian Institution is an educational and research institute and associated museum complex, administered and funded by the government of the United States and by funds from its endowment, contributions, and profits from its retail operations, concessions, licensing activities, and magazines...

 and the Florida State Museum of History in Tallahassee. Experts could never reach an agreement and the remains were eventually lost just prior to the invention of Carbon-14 dating in 1947. Interest in Vero Man gradually waned, though more recently there was some renewed interest in finding the remains. In 2009 scientists announced that a carving of a mammoth or mastodon on a piece of bone found north of Vero Beach (the general area in which Vero Man was found) dated to 12,000 to 14,000 years ago, establishing that humans did live in the area contemporaneous with Pleistocene animals. Testing results announced in 2011 indicate an age of 13,000 to 20,000 years for the carving, which may make it the oldest art found in the Americas. The carving may provide support for the Solutrean hypothesis
Solutrean hypothesis
The Solutrean hypothesis proposes that peoples from Europe may have been among the earliest settlers in the Americas, as evidenced by similarities in stone tool technology of the Solutrean culture from prehistoric Europe to that of the later Clovis tool-making culture found in the Americas. It was...

, which proposes that people from Europe reached eastern North America before people of Asian origin did so. Similar human remains, Pleistocene animals and Paleo-Indian artefacts were found in Melbourne, 30 miles (48.3 km) to the north of Vero Beach, and similar Paleo-Indian artefacts were found at Helen Blazes
Lake Hell 'n Blazes
Lake Hell 'n Blazes is on the upper reaches of the St. Johns River in Brevard County, Florida, United States, about ten miles southwest of Melbourne...

, ten miles (16 km) to the southwest of Melbourne.

External links

The source of this article is wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.  The text of this article is licensed under the GFDL.
 
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