Uttar Pradesh
Uttar Pradesh abbreviation U.P. , (formerly: United Province
United Province
The United Provinces, was a province of British India and later of Independent India, which came into existence on 1 April 1937 in result of the shortening of United Provinces of British India...

s; ) is a state
States and territories of India
India is a federal union of states comprising twenty-eight states and seven union territories. The states and territories are further subdivided into districts and so on.-List of states and territories:...

 located in the northern part of India
India , officially the Republic of India , is a country in South Asia. It is the seventh-largest country by geographical area, the second-most populous country with over 1.2 billion people, and the most populous democracy in the world...

. With a population of over 200 million people, it is India's most populous state, as well as the world's most populous sub-national entity. Were it a nation in its own right, Uttar Pradesh would be the world's fifth most populous country ahead of Brazil
Brazil , officially the Federative Republic of Brazil , is the largest country in South America. It is the world's fifth largest country, both by geographical area and by population with over 192 million people...

, a country thirty-five times larger in territorial area than Uttar Pradesh.,

Uttar Pradesh is the second largest state-economy in India, after the Indian state of Maharashtra
Maharashtra is a state located in India. It is the second most populous after Uttar Pradesh and third largest state by area in India...

, contributing 8.34% to India's total GDP in the financial year 2010.

With an area of 93933 mi2, Uttar Pradesh covers a large part of the highly fertile and densely populated upper Gangetic plain.