Union for a Popular Movement
Overview
 
The Union for a Popular Movement is a centre-right
Centre-right
The centre-right or center-right is a political term commonly used to describe or denote individuals, political parties, or organizations whose views stretch from the centre to the right on the left-right spectrum, excluding far right stances. Centre-right can also describe a coalition of centrist...

 political party in France, and one of the two major
Major party
A major party is a political party that holds substantial influence in a country's politics, standing in contrast to a minor party. It should not be confused with majority party.According to the Merriam-Webster Dictionary:...

 contemporary political parties in the country along with the center-left Socialist Party
Socialist Party (France)
The Socialist Party is a social-democratic political party in France and the largest party of the French centre-left. It is one of the two major contemporary political parties in France, along with the center-right Union for a Popular Movement...

. The UMP was founded in 2002 as a merger of several centre-right parties under President Jacques Chirac
Jacques Chirac
Jacques René Chirac is a French politician who served as President of France from 1995 to 2007. He previously served as Prime Minister of France from 1974 to 1976 and from 1986 to 1988 , and as Mayor of Paris from 1977 to 1995.After completing his studies of the DEA's degree at the...

.

Its current leader Nicolas Sarkozy
Nicolas Sarkozy
Nicolas Sarkozy is the 23rd and current President of the French Republic and ex officio Co-Prince of Andorra. He assumed the office on 16 May 2007 after defeating the Socialist Party candidate Ségolène Royal 10 days earlier....

 was elected President of France in 2007, and the party enjoys an absolute majority in the National Assembly
French National Assembly
The French National Assembly is the lower house of the bicameral Parliament of France under the Fifth Republic. The upper house is the Senate ....

, while the plurality in the Senate
French Senate
The Senate is the upper house of the Parliament of France, presided over by a president.The Senate enjoys less prominence than the lower house, the directly elected National Assembly; debates in the Senate tend to be less tense and generally enjoy less media coverage.-History:France's first...

 is held by the Socialists and their allies.
Encyclopedia
The Union for a Popular Movement is a centre-right
Centre-right
The centre-right or center-right is a political term commonly used to describe or denote individuals, political parties, or organizations whose views stretch from the centre to the right on the left-right spectrum, excluding far right stances. Centre-right can also describe a coalition of centrist...

 political party in France, and one of the two major
Major party
A major party is a political party that holds substantial influence in a country's politics, standing in contrast to a minor party. It should not be confused with majority party.According to the Merriam-Webster Dictionary:...

 contemporary political parties in the country along with the center-left Socialist Party
Socialist Party (France)
The Socialist Party is a social-democratic political party in France and the largest party of the French centre-left. It is one of the two major contemporary political parties in France, along with the center-right Union for a Popular Movement...

. The UMP was founded in 2002 as a merger of several centre-right parties under President Jacques Chirac
Jacques Chirac
Jacques René Chirac is a French politician who served as President of France from 1995 to 2007. He previously served as Prime Minister of France from 1974 to 1976 and from 1986 to 1988 , and as Mayor of Paris from 1977 to 1995.After completing his studies of the DEA's degree at the...

.

Its current leader Nicolas Sarkozy
Nicolas Sarkozy
Nicolas Sarkozy is the 23rd and current President of the French Republic and ex officio Co-Prince of Andorra. He assumed the office on 16 May 2007 after defeating the Socialist Party candidate Ségolène Royal 10 days earlier....

 was elected President of France in 2007, and the party enjoys an absolute majority in the National Assembly
French National Assembly
The French National Assembly is the lower house of the bicameral Parliament of France under the Fifth Republic. The upper house is the Senate ....

, while the plurality in the Senate
French Senate
The Senate is the upper house of the Parliament of France, presided over by a president.The Senate enjoys less prominence than the lower house, the directly elected National Assembly; debates in the Senate tend to be less tense and generally enjoy less media coverage.-History:France's first...

 is held by the Socialists and their allies. Jean-François Copé
Jean-François Copé
Jean-François Copé , is a French politician. He is currently Mayor of Meaux, Deputy for the 6th constituency of Seine-et-Marne, and acts as President of the Union for a Popular Movement Group in the French National Assembly...

 is the party secretary-general. The UMP is a member of the European People's Party
European People's Party
The European People's Party is a pro-European centre-right European political party. The EPP was founded in 1976 by Christian democratic parties, but later it increased its membership to include conservative parties and parties of other centre-right perspectives.The EPP is the most influential of...

 (EPP), the Centrist Democrat International
Centrist Democrat International
The Centrist Democrat International was until 2001 the Christian Democrat International and before that the Christian Democrat and People's Parties International...

 (CDI) and the International Democrat Union
International Democrat Union
The International Democrat Union, abbreviated to IDU, is a centre-right international alliance of conservative and liberal-conservative political parties. Headquartered in Oslo, Norway, the IDU comprises 45 full or associate members...

 (IDU).

Background

Since the 1980s, the political groups of the parliamentary right joined forces around the values of economic liberalism and the building of Europe. Their rivalries had contributed to their defeat in the 1981
French legislative election, 1981
French legislative elections took place on 14 June and 21 June 1981 to elect the 7th National Assembly of the Fifth Republic.On 10 May 1981 François Mitterrand was elected President of France. He became the first Socialist to win this post under universal suffrage...

 and 1988
French legislative election, 1988
French legislative elections took place on 5 June and 12 June 1988 to elect the 9th National Assembly of the Fifth Republic, one month after the re-election of François Mitterrand as President of France....

 elections.

Before the 1993 legislative election
French legislative election, 1993
French legislative elections took place on 21 and 28 March 1993 to elect the 10th National Assembly of the Fifth Republic.Since 1988, President François Mitterrand and his Socialist cabinets had relied on a relative parliamentary majority. Without the support of the Communists, Prime minister...

, the Gaullist-conservative Rally for the Republic
Rally for the Republic
The Rally for the Republic , was a French right-wing political party. Originating from the Union of Democrats for the Republic , it was founded by Jacques Chirac in 1976 and presented itself as the heir of Gaullism...

 (RPR) and the centrist Union for French Democracy
Union for French Democracy
The Union for French Democracy was a French centrist political party. It was founded in 1978 as an electoral alliance to support President Valéry Giscard d'Estaing in order to counterbalance the Gaullist preponderance over the right. This name was chosen due to the title of Giscard d'Estaing's...

 (UDF) formed an electoral alliance, the Union for France. However, at the 1995 presidential campaign
French presidential election, 1995
Presidential elections took place in France on 23 April and 7 May 1995, to elect the fifth president of the Fifth Republic.The incumbent Socialist president, François Mitterrand, did not stand for a third term. He was 78, had cancer, and his party had lost the previous legislative election in a...

 they were both divided between followers of Jacques Chirac
Jacques Chirac
Jacques René Chirac is a French politician who served as President of France from 1995 to 2007. He previously served as Prime Minister of France from 1974 to 1976 and from 1986 to 1988 , and as Mayor of Paris from 1977 to 1995.After completing his studies of the DEA's degree at the...

, who was eventually elected, and supporters of Edouard Balladur
Édouard Balladur
Édouard Balladur is a French politician who served as Prime Minister of France from 29 March 1993 to 10 May 1995.-Biography:Balladur was born in İzmir, Turkey, to an Armenian Catholic family with five children and long-standing ties to France...

. After their defeat in the 1997 legislative election
French legislative election, 1997
French legislative election took place on 25 May and 1 June 1997 to elect the 11th National Assembly of the Fifth Republic. It was the consequence of President Jacques Chirac's decision to call the legislative election one year before the deadline....

, RPR and UDF created the Alliance for France in order to coordinate the action of their parliamentary groups.

Foundation and early years

Before the 2002 presidential campaign
French presidential election, 2002
The 2002 French presidential election consisted of a first round election on 21 April 2002, and a runoff election between the top two candidates on 5 May 2002. This presidential contest attracted a greater than usual amount of international attention because of Le Pen's unexpected appearance in...

, the supporters of President Jacques Chirac
Jacques Chirac
Jacques René Chirac is a French politician who served as President of France from 1995 to 2007. He previously served as Prime Minister of France from 1974 to 1976 and from 1986 to 1988 , and as Mayor of Paris from 1977 to 1995.After completing his studies of the DEA's degree at the...

 who were divided in three right-wing parliamentary parties founded an association named Union on the Move (Union en mouvement). After Chirac's re-election, in order to fight together the legislative election
French legislative election, 2002
-12th Assembly by Parliamentary Group:...

, the Union for the Presidential Majority (Union pour la majorité présidentielle) was created. It was re-named "Union for a Popular Movement" some months later, establishing the UMP as a permanent organization.

The UMP was founded as a merger of the Gaullist-conservative Rally for the Republic
Rally for the Republic
The Rally for the Republic , was a French right-wing political party. Originating from the Union of Democrats for the Republic , it was founded by Jacques Chirac in 1976 and presented itself as the heir of Gaullism...

 (RPR), the conservative-liberal Liberal Democracy
Liberal Democracy (France)
Liberal Democracy was a French political party that advocated conservative liberalism and liberal conservatism, headed by Alain Madelin. The party replaced in 1997 the Republican Party, which was the classical liberal component of the Union for French Democracy .It became independent in 1998,...

 (DL), a sizeable portion of the centrist Union for French Democracy
Union for French Democracy
The Union for French Democracy was a French centrist political party. It was founded in 1978 as an electoral alliance to support President Valéry Giscard d'Estaing in order to counterbalance the Gaullist preponderance over the right. This name was chosen due to the title of Giscard d'Estaing's...

 (UDF), more precisely the UDF's Christian Democrats (such as Philippe Douste-Blazy
Philippe Douste-Blazy
Philippe Douste-Blazy is a French centre-right politician. He served as Minister for Health , Minister of Culture and Foreign Minister in the cabinet of Dominique de Villepin .Douste-Blazy is also a cardiologist and Christian Democrat politician from Lourdes...

 and Jacques Barrot
Jacques Barrot
Jacques Barrot is a French politician, who has served as European Commissioner for Justice , after four years as Commissioner for Transport and Commissioner for Regional Policy for eight months . He is also one of five vice-presidents of the 27-member Barroso Commission...

), the social-liberal Radical Party and the centrist Popular Party for French Democracy
Popular Party for French Democracy
The Popular Party for French Democracy was a centrist-liberal party in France.It was launched in July 1995, as a successor to the Perspectives and Realities Clubs and as a component of the Union for French Democracy centre-right confederation...

 (both associate parties of the UDF until 2002). The UMP was thus the merger of four major French political families: Gaullism
Gaullism
Gaullism is a French political ideology based on the thought and action of Resistance leader then president Charles de Gaulle.-Foreign policy:...

, Liberalism (also known as Republicanism in France), Christian Democracy
Christian Democracy
Christian democracy is a political ideology that seeks to apply Christian principles to public policy. It emerged in nineteenth-century Europe under the influence of conservatism and Catholic social teaching...

 (Popularism) and Radicalism
Radicalism (historical)
The term Radical was used during the late 18th century for proponents of the Radical Movement. It later became a general pejorative term for those favoring or seeking political reforms which include dramatic changes to the social order...

.

As indicated by its initial name, the UMP generally supported the policies of President Chirac. However, in 2004, the party showed increasing signs of independence. The unpopularity with the electorate of Jacques Chirac and Jean-Pierre Raffarin
Jean-Pierre Raffarin
Jean-Pierre Raffarin is a French conservative politician and senator for Vienne.Jean-Pierre Raffarin served as the Prime Minister of France from 6 May 2002 to 31 May 2005, resigning after France's rejection of the referendum on the European Union draft constitution. However, after Raffarin...

's government led most members of the UMP to support Nicolas Sarkozy
Nicolas Sarkozy
Nicolas Sarkozy is the 23rd and current President of the French Republic and ex officio Co-Prince of Andorra. He assumed the office on 16 May 2007 after defeating the Socialist Party candidate Ségolène Royal 10 days earlier....

, a rival of Chirac. On the issues, the party under Sarkozy publicly disapproved of Turkey
Turkey
Turkey , known officially as the Republic of Turkey , is a Eurasian country located in Western Asia and in East Thrace in Southeastern Europe...

's proposed membership in the European Union, which Chirac had previously endorsed several times publicly, and generally took a more right-wing position.

At the 2004 regional elections
French regional elections, 2004
Regional elections in were held in France on 21 and 28 March 2004. At stake were the presidencies of each of France's 26 regions which, although they do not have legislative powers, manage sizeable budgets...

 the UMP suffered a heavy blow, winning the presidencies of only 2 out of 22 regions in metropolitan France (Alsace
Alsace
Alsace is the fifth-smallest of the 27 regions of France in land area , and the smallest in metropolitan France. It is also the seventh-most densely populated region in France and third most densely populated region in metropolitan France, with ca. 220 inhabitants per km²...

 and Corsica
Corsica
Corsica is an island in the Mediterranean Sea. It is located west of Italy, southeast of the French mainland, and north of the island of Sardinia....

) and only half of the departments (the right had previously won numerous departmental presidencies). At the 2004 European Parliament election
European Parliament election, 2004 (France)
Elections to the European Parliament were held in France on 13 June 2004. The opposition Socialist Party made substantial gains, although this was mainly at the expense of minor parties...

 in June the party also suffered a heavy blow, with only 16.6% of the vote, far behind the Socialist Party
Socialist Party (France)
The Socialist Party is a social-democratic political party in France and the largest party of the French centre-left. It is one of the two major contemporary political parties in France, along with the center-right Union for a Popular Movement...

, and only 16 seats. This results remains the UMP's lowest point.

The first president of the UMP, Alain Juppé
Alain Juppé
Alain Marie Juppé is a French politician currently serving as the Minister of Foreign Affairs. He also served as Prime Minister of France from 1995 to 1997 under President Jacques Chirac and the Minister of Defence and Veterans Affairs from 2010 to 2011...

, a close associate of Jacques Chirac, resigned on 15 July 2004 after being convicted of political corruption
Political corruption
Political corruption is the use of legislated powers by government officials for illegitimate private gain. Misuse of government power for other purposes, such as repression of political opponents and general police brutality, is not considered political corruption. Neither are illegal acts by...

 in January of the same year. On 29 November 2004, Nicolas Sarkozy announced that he would take over the presidency of the UMP and resign his position as finance minister
Minister of the Economy, Finance and Industry (France)
The Minister for the Economy, Industry and Employment , or Minister of Finance for short, is one of the most prominent positions in the cabinet of France after the Prime Minister....

, ending months of speculation. The failure of the referendum on the European Constitution of 25 May 2005 led to the fall of the government of Jean-Pierre Raffarin and to the formation of a new cabinet, presided by another UMP politician, Dominique de Villepin
Dominique de Villepin
Dominique Marie François René Galouzeau de Villepin is a French politician who served as the Prime Minister of France from 31 May 2005 to 17 May 2007....

.

Nicolas Sarkozy

On 22 April 2007 Nicolas Sarkozy
Nicolas Sarkozy
Nicolas Sarkozy is the 23rd and current President of the French Republic and ex officio Co-Prince of Andorra. He assumed the office on 16 May 2007 after defeating the Socialist Party candidate Ségolène Royal 10 days earlier....

 won the plurality of votes in the first round of the 2007 presidential election
French presidential election, 2007
The 2007 French presidential election, the ninth of the Fifth French Republic was held to elect the successor to Jacques Chirac as president of France for a five-year term.The winner, decided on 5 and 6 May 2007, was Nicolas Sarkozy...

. On 6 May he faced the Socialist candidate Ségolène Royal
Ségolène Royal
Marie-Ségolène Royal , known as Ségolène Royal, is a French politician. She is the president of the Poitou-Charentes Regional Council, a former member of the National Assembly, a former government minister, and a prominent member of the French Socialist Party...

 in the second round and won, garnering 53.1% of the vote. As a consequence, he resigned from the presidency of the UMP on 14 May 2007, two days before becoming President of the French Republic. François Fillon
François Fillon
François Charles Armand Fillon is the Prime Minister of France. He was appointed to that office by President Nicolas Sarkozy on 17 May 2007. He served initially until 13 November 2010 when he resigned from being prime minister before a planned cabinet reshuffle.On 14 November 2010, Sarkozy...

 was appointed Prime Minister. On 17 June, at a legislative election
French legislative election, 2007
The French legislative elections took place on 10 June and 17 June 2007 to elect the 13th National Assembly of the Fifth Republic, a few weeks after the French presidential election run-off on 6 May. 7,639 candidates stood for 577 seats, including France's overseas possessions...

, the UMP gained a majority in the National Assembly with 313 out of 577 seats, though it was less than expected.

At the 2008 municipal
French municipal elections, 2008
The French municipal elections of 2008 were held on 9 March in that year to elect the municipal councils of France's 36,782 communes...

 and cantonal
French cantonal elections, 2008
Cantonal elections to elect half the membership of the general councils of France's 100 departments were held on 9 and 16 March 2008. These elections coincided with the municipal elections, in which the left did well.-Electoral system:...

 elections the party suffered a big blow, losing numerous cities, such as Toulouse
Toulouse
Toulouse is a city in the Haute-Garonne department in southwestern FranceIt lies on the banks of the River Garonne, 590 km away from Paris and half-way between the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea...

 and Strasbourg
Strasbourg
Strasbourg is the capital and principal city of the Alsace region in eastern France and is the official seat of the European Parliament. Located close to the border with Germany, it is the capital of the Bas-Rhin département. The city and the region of Alsace are historically German-speaking,...

, as well as 8 departmental presidencies to the left. Xavier Bertrand
Xavier Bertrand
Xavier Bertrand is a French politician and Minister of Labour, Employment and Health. He was Minister of Health for almost two years in Dominique de Villepin's government under President Jacques Chirac, then Minister of Labour, Social Affairs and Solidarity in François Fillon's second government...

 was selected as secretary-general of the party in late 2008 to replace Patrick Devedjian
Patrick Devedjian
Patrick Devedjian is a French politician of the Union for a Popular Movement party...

, who resigned to take up a cabinet position. At the 2009 European Parliament election
European Parliament election, 2009 (France)
European elections to elect 72 French Members of the European Parliament were held on Sunday 7 June 2009.Due to the entry of Romania and Bulgaria in the European Union in 2007, the number of seats allocated to France was revised from 78 seats to 72 seats, a loss of 6 seats...

, the party ran a common "Presidential Majority" list with the smaller Radical Party as well as New Centre
New Centre
New Centre , also known as the European Social Liberal Party is a centre-right political party in France, formed by the members of the Union for French Democracy – including a majority of former parliamentarians – who did not agree with François Bayrou's...

 and Modern Left
Modern Left
The Modern Left , is a French centrist political party founded in 2007.The party was founded following the nomination of the former Socialist Senator and Mayor of Mulhouse, Jean-Marie Bockel to the François Fillon government in May 2007...

. The UMP list won 27.9%, a remarkably good result for a governing party in off-year "mid-term" elections, and elected 29 MEPs, significantly improving on the UMP's poor result in the 2004 election – also an off-year election. However, in the 2010 regional election
French regional elections, 2010
Regional elections were held in France on 14 and 21 March 2010. At stake were the presidencies of each of France's 26 régions, which, though they do not have legislative autonomy, manage sizable budgets....

 the UMP obtained a very poor result with only 26.0% of votes, losing Corsica and retaining only Alsace.

In a cabinet reshuffle in November 2010, which disappointed centrists within and outside the UMP, François Fillon was confirmed Prime Minister and Alain Juppé
Alain Juppé
Alain Marie Juppé is a French politician currently serving as the Minister of Foreign Affairs. He also served as Prime Minister of France from 1995 to 1997 under President Jacques Chirac and the Minister of Defence and Veterans Affairs from 2010 to 2011...

 re-joined the government after three years out of politics. Among those who quit the cabinet there were Bernard Kouchner
Bernard Kouchner
Bernard Kouchner is a French politician, diplomat, and doctor. He is co-founder of Médecins Sans Frontières and Médecins du Monde...

, Hervé Morin
Hervé Morin
Hervé Morin is a French politician, leader of the New Center party and a former French Minister of Defence.-Member of National Assembly:...

 and, above all, Jean-Louis Borloo
Jean-Louis Borloo
Jean-Louis Borloo is a French politician, and was the French Minister for Ecology, Energy, Sustainable Development and Town and Country Planning between 2007 and 2010.-Professional résumé:Education...

. Xavier Bertrand, who re-joined the government, was replaced as general-secretary of the UMP by Jean-François Copé
Jean-François Copé
Jean-François Copé , is a French politician. He is currently Mayor of Meaux, Deputy for the 6th constituency of Seine-et-Marne, and acts as President of the Union for a Popular Movement Group in the French National Assembly...

.

In May 2011, during a party congress, the Radical Party, led by Borloo, decided to leave the UMP and launch The Alliance, a new centrist coalition.

Factions

  • Liberal Conservatives or Sarkozysts (conservatives
    Conservatism
    Conservatism is a political and social philosophy that promotes the maintenance of traditional institutions and supports, at the most, minimal and gradual change in society. Some conservatives seek to preserve things as they are, emphasizing stability and continuity, while others oppose modernism...

    , liberal conservatives
    Liberal conservatism
    Liberal conservatism also known as progressive conservatism is a variant of political conservatism which incorporates liberal elements. As "conservatism" and "liberalism" have had different meanings over time and across countries, the term "liberal conservatism" has been used in quite different...

    , conservative liberals
    Conservative liberalism
    Conservative liberalism is a variant of liberalism, combining liberal values and policies with conservative stances, or, more simply, representing the right-wing of the liberal movement....

    ): Nicolas Sarkozy
    Nicolas Sarkozy
    Nicolas Sarkozy is the 23rd and current President of the French Republic and ex officio Co-Prince of Andorra. He assumed the office on 16 May 2007 after defeating the Socialist Party candidate Ségolène Royal 10 days earlier....

    , Jean-Claude Gaudin
    Jean-Claude Gaudin
    Jean-Claude Gaudin is a French politician. He has been Mayor of Marseille since 1995 and Vice-President of the Senate since 1998; additionally, he has been Vice-President of the Union for a Popular Movement since 2002.-Early life:...

    , Jean-Pierre Raffarin
    Jean-Pierre Raffarin
    Jean-Pierre Raffarin is a French conservative politician and senator for Vienne.Jean-Pierre Raffarin served as the Prime Minister of France from 6 May 2002 to 31 May 2005, resigning after France's rejection of the referendum on the European Union draft constitution. However, after Raffarin...

    , Valéry Giscard d'Estaing
    Valéry Giscard d'Estaing
    Valéry Marie René Georges Giscard d'Estaing is a French centre-right politician who was President of the French Republic from 1974 until 1981...

    , Édouard Balladur
    Édouard Balladur
    Édouard Balladur is a French politician who served as Prime Minister of France from 29 March 1993 to 10 May 1995.-Biography:Balladur was born in İzmir, Turkey, to an Armenian Catholic family with five children and long-standing ties to France...

    , Dominique Bussereau
    Dominique Bussereau
    Dominique Bussereau is a French politician, was Secretary of State for Transport within the government of François Fillon...

    , Michel Barnier
    Michel Barnier
    Michel Barnier is a French politician of the Union for a Popular Movement and Vice President of the European People's Party . He is the current European Commissioner for Internal Market and Services...

    , Dominique Perben
    Dominique Perben
    Dominique Perben is a French politician. Born in Lyon, he was French Minister of Transportation from 2005 to 2007. He was previously Minister of Justice , Minister of Civil Service and Administration and Minister of Overseas France .Perben has been a Deputy in the National Assembly for the fifth...

    , Jean-François Mattei
    Jean-François Mattei
    Jean-François Mattei, born January 14, 1943 in Lyon, France, is a French doctor and politician.- Medical career :Jean-François Mattei is a professor of pediatrics and genetics...

    , Renaud Donnedieu de Vabres
    Renaud Donnedieu de Vabres
    Renaud Donnedieu de Vabres , often known as RDDV, is a French politician, France's Minister of Culture from 2004 to 2007...

    , Charles Millon
    Charles Millon
    Charles Marie Philippe Millon, born on 13 November 1945 in Belley, Ain, is a French politician. A member of the UDF, he was member of the French parliament for Ain and President of the Rhône-Alpes Regional Council. He was Minister of Defence from 1995 to 1997 in Alain Juppé's government, and led...

    , Alain Lamassoure
    Alain Lamassoure
    Alain Lamassoure is a French politician and Member of the European Parliament for the south-west of France. He is a member of the Union for a Popular Movement, which is part of the European People's Party, and sits on the European Parliament's Committee on Budgets.He is a substitute for the...

    , Brice Hortefeux
    Brice Hortefeux
    Brice Hortefeux is a French politician he was Minister of the Interior, Overseas Territories and Territorial collectivities...

    , Joseph Daul
    Joseph Daul
    Joseph Daul is a French politician and Member of the European Parliament for the East of France. He is a member of the Union for a Popular Movement , a member-party of the European People's Party...

    , Rachida Dati
    Rachida Dati
    Rachida Dati is a French politician and Member of the European Parliament, representing Île-de-France. Before her election, she held the cabinet post of Keeper of the Seals, Minister of Justice. She was a spokesperson for Nicolas Sarkozy during the French presidential election of 2007...

    , Bernard Accoyer
    Bernard Accoyer
    Bernard Accoyer is a French politician who is currently the President of the National Assembly of France, as well as the Mayor of Annecy-le-Vieux.-Biography:...

    , Margie Sudre
    Margie Sudre
    Margie Sudre is a French politician and Member of the European Parliament for France's "Outre-mer"....

    , Marie-Hélène Descamps
    Marie-Hélène Descamps
    Marie-Hélène Descamps is a French politician and Member of the European Parliament for Central France. She is a member of the Union for a Popular Movement, part of the European People's Party.-References:...

  • The Reformers
    The Reformers
    The Reformers is a libertarian and liberal faction within the Union for a Popular Movement .The Reformers supported laissez-faire and a free market economy. It is led by Hervé Novelli and most members of it come from Liberal Democracy , a right-liberal party which merged into the UMP in 2002...

    (classical liberals
    Classical liberalism
    Classical liberalism is the philosophy committed to the ideal of limited government, constitutionalism, rule of law, due process, and liberty of individuals including freedom of religion, speech, press, assembly, and free markets....

    ): Hervé Novelli
    Hervé Novelli
    Hervé Novelli is a French politician of Italian origin, and a past member of the UDF group. He was a deputé in the Assemblée Nationale for the Indre-et-Loire département from 2002 to 2007, having previously been a député from 1993-1997...

    , Gérard Longuet
    Gérard Longuet
    Gérard Longuet is a French conservative politician. On 27 February 2011, he became the new French Defense Minister.-Biography:...

    , Alain Madelin
    Alain Madelin
    Alain Madelin is a French politician and a former minister of that country.Madelin, a strong supporter of laissez-faire economics, was a candidate in the 2002 French presidential election as the leader of the Démocratie Libérale party, where he scored 3.91% on the first round...

    , Patrick Devedjian
    Patrick Devedjian
    Patrick Devedjian is a French politician of the Union for a Popular Movement party...

    , Philippe Cochet
    Philippe Cochet
    Philippe Cochet is a French politician.He has been a member of the French National Assembly since 2002, most recently re-elected in 2007 for the Rhône department...

    , Jean-Pierre Soisson
    Jean-Pierre Soisson
    Jean-Pierre Soisson is a French politician of the Union for a Popular Movement who is a deputy in the National Assembly of France for the first district of Yonne....

    , Claude Goasguen
    Claude Goasguen
    Claude Goasguen is a member of the National Assembly of France. He represents the city of Paris, and is a member of the Union for a Popular Movement.-Biography:...

    , Pierre Lellouche
    Pierre Lellouche
    Pierre Lellouche is a French politician and a member of the Union for a Popular Movement party. He is Secretary of State for Foreign Trade under the Minister of Economy, Finance and Industry, Christine Lagarde. He was also the President of the NATO Parliamentary Assembly from November 2004 to 17...

    , Luc Chatel
    Luc Chatel
    Luc Marie Chatel is a French politician born on August 15, 1964 in Bethesda, Maryland, USA. He has been Minister of National Education since June 2009, overseeing a difficult transition in the conditions under which new secondary teachers begin their careers...

    , Louis Giscard d'Estaing
    Louis Giscard d'Estaing
    Louis Giscard d'Estaing is a member of the National Assembly of France. He represents the Puy-de-Dôme department, and is a member of the Union for a Popular Movement. He is the son of former President of France Valéry Giscard d'Estaing....

    , Jean-Jacques Descamps
  • Democratic and Popular
    Democratic and Popular
    Democratic and Popular is a Christian-democratic and centrist faction within the Union for a Popular Movement ....

    (Christian democrats
    Christian Democracy
    Christian democracy is a political ideology that seeks to apply Christian principles to public policy. It emerged in nineteenth-century Europe under the influence of conservatism and Catholic social teaching...

    , centrists
    Centrism
    In politics, centrism is the ideal or the practice of promoting policies that lie different from the standard political left and political right. Most commonly, this is visualized as part of the one-dimensional political spectrum of left-right politics, with centrism landing in the middle between...

    ): Philippe Douste-Blazy
    Philippe Douste-Blazy
    Philippe Douste-Blazy is a French centre-right politician. He served as Minister for Health , Minister of Culture and Foreign Minister in the cabinet of Dominique de Villepin .Douste-Blazy is also a cardiologist and Christian Democrat politician from Lourdes...

    , Pierre Méhaignerie
    Pierre Méhaignerie
    Pierre Méhaignerie is a French politician. He is presently deputy of the Ille-et-Vilaine's 5th constituency and mayor of Vitré...

    , Adrien Zeller
    Adrien Zeller
    Adrien Zeller , was the president of the regional council of Alsace from 1996 until 2009. He was a member of the Union for a Popular Movement. He was State Secretary of the Social Security in the second Jacques Chirac government from 1986 to 1988...

    , Jacques Barrot
    Jacques Barrot
    Jacques Barrot is a French politician, who has served as European Commissioner for Justice , after four years as Commissioner for Transport and Commissioner for Regional Policy for eight months . He is also one of five vice-presidents of the 27-member Barroso Commission...

    , Nicole Fontaine
    Nicole Fontaine
    Nicole Fontaine is a French politician and Member of the European Parliament for the Île-de-France. She is a member of the Union for a Popular Movement, part of the European People's Party...

    , Pierre-André Wiltzer, Marc-Philippe Daubresse
    Marc-Philippe Daubresse
    Marc-Philippe Daubresse was the French Minister for Youth and Active Solidarities.-Biography:Marc-Philippe Daubresse was born on August 1st, 1953 in Lille, Nord. He is a graduate of the École centrale de Lille, the Institut Industriel du Nord, and the Institut d'Administration des Entreprises...

    , Alain Joyandet
    Alain Joyandet
    Alain Joyandet is a French politician who was appointed Secretary of State for Cooperation and Francophony in the government of François Fillon from March 18, 2008 to July 2010. Prior to that, he was CEO of the Société Nouvelle des Éditions Comtoises , a publisher of weekly newspapers and journals...

    , Antoine Herth
    Antoine Herth
    Antoine Herth is a member of the National Assembly of France. He represents the Bas-Rhin department, and is a member of the Union for a Popular Movement.-References:...

  • Neo-Gaullists, formerly known also as Chiraquiens (right-wing slightly liberal Gaullists
    Gaullism
    Gaullism is a French political ideology based on the thought and action of Resistance leader then president Charles de Gaulle.-Foreign policy:...

    , secular
    Secularism
    Secularism is the principle of separation between government institutions and the persons mandated to represent the State from religious institutions and religious dignitaries...

    -minded conservatives): Jacques Chirac
    Jacques Chirac
    Jacques René Chirac is a French politician who served as President of France from 1995 to 2007. He previously served as Prime Minister of France from 1974 to 1976 and from 1986 to 1988 , and as Mayor of Paris from 1977 to 1995.After completing his studies of the DEA's degree at the...

    , Michèle Alliot-Marie
    Michèle Alliot-Marie
    Michèle Jeanne Honorine Alliot-Marie, born 10 September 1946 and nicknamed MAM, is a French politician of the Union for a Popular Movement . A member of all but one right-wing governments of the 1980s, 1990s and 2000s, she was the first woman in France to hold the portfolios of Defense , the...

    , Jean-Louis Debré
    Jean-Louis Debré
    Jean-Louis Debré is a conservative French political figure. He was President of the National Assembly of France from 2002 to 2007 and has been President of the Constitutional Council since 2007.-Biography:Debré was born in Toulouse...

    , Jean-François Copé
    Jean-François Copé
    Jean-François Copé , is a French politician. He is currently Mayor of Meaux, Deputy for the 6th constituency of Seine-et-Marne, and acts as President of the Union for a Popular Movement Group in the French National Assembly...

    , Alain Juppé
    Alain Juppé
    Alain Marie Juppé is a French politician currently serving as the Minister of Foreign Affairs. He also served as Prime Minister of France from 1995 to 1997 under President Jacques Chirac and the Minister of Defence and Veterans Affairs from 2010 to 2011...

    , Patrick Ollier
    Patrick Ollier
    Patrick Ollier is a French MP for the UMP party and the Mayor of Rueil-Malmaison. He was briefly the President of the National Assembly in 2007. He is the partner of Michèle Alliot-Marie, Minister of Foreign and European Affairs in the government of François Fillon.He was elected on 16 June 2002,...

    , François Baroin
    François Baroin
    François Baroin is a French politician, recently appointed Finance Minister, following a stint as Minister of the Budget in the François Fillon III government...

    , Xavier Bertrand
    Xavier Bertrand
    Xavier Bertrand is a French politician and Minister of Labour, Employment and Health. He was Minister of Health for almost two years in Dominique de Villepin's government under President Jacques Chirac, then Minister of Labour, Social Affairs and Solidarity in François Fillon's second government...

    , Xavier Darcos
    Xavier Darcos
    Xavier Darcos is a French politician, scholar and civil servant currently serving as Minister of Labour.An agrégé professor in literature and general inspector of the National Education system, he has been Mayor of Périgueux, a Senator, and a junior minister in Jean-Pierre Raffarin's...

    , Valérie Pécresse
    Valérie Pécresse
    Valérie Pécresse is a French politician. She has been deputy of the Yvelines since May 16, 2002, Minister for Higher Education and Research from May 18, 2007 to June 2011 and is currently in charge of the budget as the Minister of the Budget since then...

    , Christine Albanel
    Christine Albanel
    Christine Albanel is a French civil servant. From May 2007 to June 2009 she was France's Minister for Culture and Communication in François Fillon's government.Albanel is agrégé in classical Letters...

    , Éric Wœrth, Roger Karoutchi
    Roger Karoutchi
    Roger Karoutchi is the French Ambassador to the OECD. He is a former Secretary of State to the French Prime Minister, with responsibility for Relations with Parliament.-Early life:...

    , Josselin de Rohan
    Josselin de Rohan
    Josselin Charles Louis Jean Marie de Rohan-Chabot, 14th Duke of Rohan, known as Josselin de Rohan was a member of the Senate of France, representing the Morbihan department...

    , Adrien Gouteyron
    Adrien Gouteyron
    Adrien Gouteyron is a French politician and a member of the Senate of France. He represents the Haute-Loire department and is a member of the Union for a Popular Movement Party.-References:*...

    , Hervé Mariton
    Hervé Mariton
    Hervé Mariton is a member of the National Assembly of France. He represents the Drôme department, and is a member of the Union for a Popular Movement.-References:...

    , François Baroin
    François Baroin
    François Baroin is a French politician, recently appointed Finance Minister, following a stint as Minister of the Budget in the François Fillon III government...

    • Initiative and Liberty Movement
      Initiative and Liberty Movement
      The Initiative and Liberty Movement is a French Gaullist political association.-History:First called GIL , it was established in March 1981 and became the Initiative and Liberty Movement on November 17 1981. It was chaired by Jacques Rougeot, who was close to the Rally for the Republic and...

      (Gaullists
      Gaullism
      Gaullism is a French political ideology based on the thought and action of Resistance leader then president Charles de Gaulle.-Foreign policy:...

      , national conservatives
      National conservatism
      National conservatism is a political term used primarily in Europe to describe a variant of conservatism which concentrates more on national interests than standard conservatism as well as upholding cultural and ethnic identity, while not being outspokenly nationalist or supporting a far-right...

      ): Bernard Debré
      Bernard Debré
      Bernard Debré is French urologist at Hôpital Cochin in Paris and a member of the National Assembly of France. He's one of the representants of the city of Paris, and is a member of the Union for a Popular Movement. He is a son of Michel Debré and twin-brother of Jean-Louis Debré.-References:...

      , Yves Guéna
      Yves Guéna
      Yves Guéna is a French politician. In 1940, he joined the Free French Forces in the United Kingdom. He received several decorations for his courage....

      , Eric Raoult
      Éric Raoult
      Éric Raoult is a French right-wing politician, currently affiliated to the Union for a Popular Movement.- Political career :...

      , Jean Tiberi
      Jean Tiberi
      Jean Tiberi is a French politician who was mayor of Paris from May 22, 1995 to March 24, 2001. , he is mayor of the 5th arrondissement of Paris and deputy to the French National Assembly from the second district of Paris....

    • Social Gaullists (left-wing Gaullists, social democrats
      Social democracy
      Social democracy is a political ideology of the center-left on the political spectrum. Social democracy is officially a form of evolutionary reformist socialism. It supports class collaboration as the course to achieve socialism...

      ): François Fillon
      François Fillon
      François Charles Armand Fillon is the Prime Minister of France. He was appointed to that office by President Nicolas Sarkozy on 17 May 2007. He served initially until 13 November 2010 when he resigned from being prime minister before a planned cabinet reshuffle.On 14 November 2010, Sarkozy...

      , Roselyne Bachelot, Jean-Jacques Aillagon
      Jean-Jacques Aillagon
      Jean-Jacques Aillagon is a French politician, a close confidant of Jacques Chirac and member of the Union for a Popular Movement political party. From 1972 to 1976 he was a high school teacher in the Corrèze region of France...

      , Jean Mattéoli
      Jean Mattéoli
      Jean Mattéoli was a French politician. He was the Minister of Social Affairs during the Raymond Barre administration from 1979 to 1981 and also served as president of the French Economic and Social Council from April 1987 and September 1999.-Biography:Hired in shares of the French Resistance in...

  • The Progressives
    The Progressives
    The Progressives is a social-democratic French political party associated to the centre-right Union for a Popular Movement....

    (formerly Socialist
    Socialist Party (France)
    The Socialist Party is a social-democratic political party in France and the largest party of the French centre-left. It is one of the two major contemporary political parties in France, along with the center-right Union for a Popular Movement...

     social liberals
    Social liberalism
    Social liberalism is the belief that liberalism should include social justice. It differs from classical liberalism in that it believes the legitimate role of the state includes addressing economic and social issues such as unemployment, health care, and education while simultaneously expanding...

    ): Éric Besson
    Éric Besson
    Éric Besson is a French politician and Minister of Industry, Energy and the Digital economy under the Minister of Economy, Finance and Industry, Christine Lagarde...

  • The Free Right
    The Free Right
    The Free Right is a liberal-conservative faction within the Union for a Popular Movement founded and led by Rachid Kaci and Alexandre del Valle...

    (conservative liberals, libertarians, souverainists
    Souverainism
    Souverainism , or sovereigntism is a doctrine which supports acquiring or preserving political independence of a nation or a region...

    ): Rachid Kaci, Alexandre del Valle
    Alexandre del Valle
    Alexandre del Valle is a French political scientist, geopolitician, and researcher at Institut Choiseul for International Politics and Geoeconomics. His research focuses on radical Islam, terrorism and Turkey's accession to European Union...

    , Étienne Blanc
    Étienne Blanc
    Étienne Blanc is a member of the National Assembly of France. He represents the third constituency of the Ain department, and is a member of the Union for a Popular Movement.-References:...

    , Yannick Favennec
    Yannick Favennec
    Yannick Favennec is a member of the National Assembly of France. He represents the Mayenne department, and is a member of the Union for a Popular Movement.-References:...

    , François d'Aubert
    François d'Aubert
    François d’Aubert is a French politician.He is, by profession, an auditor at the Cour des Comptes. Since 2002, he has been minister delegate to research in Jean-Pierre Raffarin's government....

  • Christian Democratic Party (social conservatives
    Social conservatism
    Social Conservatism is primarily a political, and usually morally influenced, ideology that focuses on the preservation of what are seen as traditional values. Social conservatism is a form of authoritarianism often associated with the position that the federal government should have a greater role...

    , Christian democrats): Christine Boutin
    Christine Boutin
    Christine Boutin is a French politician and a major Christian democratic figure in France. She served as a member of the French National Assembly representing Yvelines, from 1986 until 2007, when she was appointed Minister of Housing and Urban Development by President Nicolas Sarkozy...

    , Jean-Frédéric Poisson
    Jean-Frédéric Poisson
    Jean-Frédéric Poisson was a member of the National Assembly of France. He represents the Yvelines department, and is a member of the Christian Democratic Party.-References:...

    , Charles de Champeaux
  • Rally for France (national conservatives, souverainists): Charles Pasqua
    Charles Pasqua
    Charles Pasqua is a French businessman and Gaullist politician. He was Interior Minister from 1986 to 1988, under Jacques Chirac's cohabitation government, and also from 1993 to 1995, under the government of Edouard Balladur...

    , Lionnel Luca
    Lionnel Luca
    Lionnel Luca is a member of the National Assembly of France. Of Romanian origin, he represents the Alpes-Maritimes department, and is a member of the Union for a Popular Movement.-External links:...

    , Jacques Myard
    Jacques Myard
    Jacques Myard is a member of the National Assembly of France. He represents the Yvelines department, and is a member of the Union for a Popular Movement.-References:...

    , Jean-Jacques Guillet
    Jean-Jacques Guillet
    Jean-Jacques Guillet is a member of the National Assembly of France. He represents the Hauts-de-Seine department, and is a member of the Union for a Popular Movement.-References:...

    , Philippe Pemezec
  • Blue Ecology (centrist ecologists): Nathalie Kosciusko-Morizet
    Nathalie Kosciusko-Morizet
    Nathalie Kosciusko-Morizet , often referred to by her initials NKM, is the current Minister for Ecology, Sustainable Development, Transport and Housing of France, appointed in November 2010....


Associate parties

The Christian Democratic Party, the Rally for France, The Progressives
The Progressives
The Progressives is a social-democratic French political party associated to the centre-right Union for a Popular Movement....

 and Modern Left
Modern Left
The Modern Left , is a French centrist political party founded in 2007.The party was founded following the nomination of the former Socialist Senator and Mayor of Mulhouse, Jean-Marie Bockel to the François Fillon government in May 2007...

 are associate parties of the UMP. By adhering to these parties, members also adhere to the UMP and can participate in the UMP's inner organization. The Radical Party was associated with the UMP from 2002 through 2011.

Overseas parties associated with the UMP include O Porinetia To Tatou Ai'a
O Porinetia To Tatou Ai'a
‘O Pōrīnetia To Tātou ‘Ai‘a is a French Polynesian anti-independence political party founded by Gaston Tong Sang on 1 October 2007 after he split from his former party, the Tāhō‘ēra‘a Huira‘atira...

 in French Polynesia
French Polynesia
French Polynesia is an overseas country of the French Republic . It is made up of several groups of Polynesian islands, the most famous island being Tahiti in the Society Islands group, which is also the most populous island and the seat of the capital of the territory...

 and The Rally–UMP in New Caledonia
New Caledonia
New Caledonia is a special collectivity of France located in the southwest Pacific Ocean, east of Australia and about from Metropolitan France. The archipelago, part of the Melanesia subregion, includes the main island of Grande Terre, the Loyalty Islands, the Belep archipelago, the Isle of...

.

Elected officials

  • Deputies: 305 members and 8 caucusing members in the UMP group in the National Assembly
    French National Assembly
    The French National Assembly is the lower house of the bicameral Parliament of France under the Fifth Republic. The upper house is the Senate ....

    . This group also includes members of the Radical Party, the National Centre of Independents and Peasants
    National Centre of Independents and Peasants
    The National Centre of Independents and Peasants is a liberal-conservative and conservative-liberal political party in France, founded in 1949 by the merger of the National Centre of Independents with the...

     (CNI, 2 deputies) and Miscellaneous Right
    Miscellaneous Right
    Miscellaneous Right in France refers to right-wing candidates that are not member of any large party. They either include small right-wing parties, dissidents expelled from their parties for running against their party's candidate, as well as candidates who were never formal members of a party...

    .
  • Senators: 134 members and 14 caucusing members in the UMP group in the Senate
    French Senate
    The Senate is the upper house of the Parliament of France, presided over by a president.The Senate enjoys less prominence than the lower house, the directly elected National Assembly; debates in the Senate tend to be less tense and generally enjoy less media coverage.-History:France's first...

    . This group also includes members of the Radical Party, the National Centre of Independents and Peasants
    National Centre of Independents and Peasants
    The National Centre of Independents and Peasants is a liberal-conservative and conservative-liberal political party in France, founded in 1949 by the merger of the National Centre of Independents with the...

     (CNI, 2 deputies) and Miscellaneous Right
    Miscellaneous Right
    Miscellaneous Right in France refers to right-wing candidates that are not member of any large party. They either include small right-wing parties, dissidents expelled from their parties for running against their party's candidate, as well as candidates who were never formal members of a party...

    . In addition, Gilbert Barbier
    Gilbert Barbier
    Gilbert Barbier is a member of the Senate of France, representing the Jura department. -References:...

     and the Radical Aymeri de Montesquiou
    Aymeri de Montesquiou
    Aymeri de Montesquiou is a member of the Senate of France, representing the Gers department. He is a member of the Radical Party. Since 1976, he is the mayor of Marsan.-References:*...

     sit in the European Democratic and Social Rally
    European Democratic and Social Rally
    The European Democratic and Social Rally is a social-liberal parliamentary group representing the Radical tradition in the French Senate.-Chamber of Deputies:...

     (RDSE) group.
  • MEPs: 24 members (in addition to 3 New Centre
    New Centre
    New Centre , also known as the European Social Liberal Party is a centre-right political party in France, formed by the members of the Union for French Democracy – including a majority of former parliamentarians – who did not agree with François Bayrou's...

     and 2 Modern Left
    Modern Left
    The Modern Left , is a French centrist political party founded in 2007.The party was founded following the nomination of the former Socialist Senator and Mayor of Mulhouse, Jean-Marie Bockel to the François Fillon government in May 2007...

     members, total of 29) in the EPP Group in the European Parliament
    European Parliament
    The European Parliament is the directly elected parliamentary institution of the European Union . Together with the Council of the European Union and the Commission, it exercises the legislative function of the EU and it has been described as one of the most powerful legislatures in the world...

    .

Major officeholders

  • Nicolas Sarkozy
    Nicolas Sarkozy
    Nicolas Sarkozy is the 23rd and current President of the French Republic and ex officio Co-Prince of Andorra. He assumed the office on 16 May 2007 after defeating the Socialist Party candidate Ségolène Royal 10 days earlier....

     (President of the Republic
    President of the French Republic
    The President of the French Republic colloquially referred to in English as the President of France, is France's elected Head of State....

    )
  • François Fillon
    François Fillon
    François Charles Armand Fillon is the Prime Minister of France. He was appointed to that office by President Nicolas Sarkozy on 17 May 2007. He served initially until 13 November 2010 when he resigned from being prime minister before a planned cabinet reshuffle.On 14 November 2010, Sarkozy...

     (Prime Minister
    Prime Minister of France
    The Prime Minister of France in the Fifth Republic is the head of government and of the Council of Ministers of France. The head of state is the President of the French Republic...

    )
  • Bernard Accoyer
    Bernard Accoyer
    Bernard Accoyer is a French politician who is currently the President of the National Assembly of France, as well as the Mayor of Annecy-le-Vieux.-Biography:...

     (President of the National Assembly)
  • Jean-Louis Debré
    Jean-Louis Debré
    Jean-Louis Debré is a conservative French political figure. He was President of the National Assembly of France from 2002 to 2007 and has been President of the Constitutional Council since 2007.-Biography:Debré was born in Toulouse...

     (President of the Constitutional Council)
  • Joseph Daul
    Joseph Daul
    Joseph Daul is a French politician and Member of the European Parliament for the East of France. He is a member of the Union for a Popular Movement , a member-party of the European People's Party...

     (President of the EPP Group in the European Parliament
    European Parliament
    The European Parliament is the directly elected parliamentary institution of the European Union . Together with the Council of the European Union and the Commission, it exercises the legislative function of the EU and it has been described as one of the most powerful legislatures in the world...

    )

Popular support

The UMP's electoral base reflects that of the old Rally for the Republic
Rally for the Republic
The Rally for the Republic , was a French right-wing political party. Originating from the Union of Democrats for the Republic , it was founded by Jacques Chirac in 1976 and presented itself as the heir of Gaullism...

 and, in some cases, that of the Union for French Democracy
Union for French Democracy
The Union for French Democracy was a French centrist political party. It was founded in 1978 as an electoral alliance to support President Valéry Giscard d'Estaing in order to counterbalance the Gaullist preponderance over the right. This name was chosen due to the title of Giscard d'Estaing's...

. In the 2007 presidential election, Nicolas Sarkozy
Nicolas Sarkozy
Nicolas Sarkozy is the 23rd and current President of the French Republic and ex officio Co-Prince of Andorra. He assumed the office on 16 May 2007 after defeating the Socialist Party candidate Ségolène Royal 10 days earlier....

 performed best in the east of France – particularly Alsace
Alsace
Alsace is the fifth-smallest of the 27 regions of France in land area , and the smallest in metropolitan France. It is also the seventh-most densely populated region in France and third most densely populated region in metropolitan France, with ca. 220 inhabitants per km²...

 (36.2%); Provence-Alpes-Côte-d'Azur (37.0%) – the wealthy coastal department of the Alpes-Maritimes
Alpes-Maritimes
Alpes-Maritimes is a department in the extreme southeast corner of France.- History : was created by Octavian as a Roman military district in 14 BC, and became a full Roman province in the middle of the 1st century with its capital first at Cemenelum and subsequently at Embrun...

 (43.6%) was his best department in France; Champagne-Ardenne
Champagne-Ardenne
Champagne-Ardenne is one of the 27 regions of France. It is located in the northeast of the country, bordering Belgium, and consists of four departments: Aube, Ardennes, Haute-Marne, and Marne. The region is famous for its sparkling white wine . Its rivers, most of which flow west, include the...

 (32.7%) and Rhône-Alpes
Rhône-Alpes
Rhône-Alpes is one of the 27 regions of France, located on the eastern border of the country, towards the south. The region was named after the Rhône River and the Alps mountain range. Its capital, Lyon, is the second-largest metropolitan area in France after Paris...

 (32.7%). These areas were among far-right candidate Jean-Marie Le Pen
Jean-Marie Le Pen
Jean-Marie Le Pen is a French far right-wing and nationalist politician who is founder and former president of the Front National party. Le Pen has run for the French presidency five times, most notably in 2002, when in a surprise upset he came second, polling more votes in the first round than...

's best regions in 2002 and are conservative on issues such as immigration. Sarkozy obviously received a lot of votes from voters who had supported the far-right in April 2002. For example, in the Alpes-Maritimes
Alpes-Maritimes
Alpes-Maritimes is a department in the extreme southeast corner of France.- History : was created by Octavian as a Roman military district in 14 BC, and became a full Roman province in the middle of the 1st century with its capital first at Cemenelum and subsequently at Embrun...

, Sarkozy performed 21.6% better than Chirac did in 2002 while Le Pen lost 12.6% in five years. Sarkozy also appealed more than average to blue-collar workers in regions such as northern Meurthe-et-Moselle
Meurthe-et-Moselle
Meurthe-et-Moselle is a department in the Lorraine region of France, named after the Meurthe and Moselle rivers.- History :Meurthe-et-Moselle was created in 1871 at the end of the Franco-Prussian War from the parts of the former departments of Moselle and Meurthe which remained French...

 and the Nord-Pas-de-Calais, although most of these regions, despite his gains, remain reliably left-wing. The party is also strong in every election in very wealthy suburban or coastal (and, in some cases, urban) areas such as Neuilly-sur-Seine
Neuilly-sur-Seine
Neuilly-sur-Seine is a commune in the western suburbs of Paris, France. It is located from the center of Paris.Although Neuilly is technically a suburb of Paris, it is immediately adjacent to the city and directly extends it. The area is composed of mostly wealthy, select residential...

 (72.6% for Sarkozy in the first round), Saint-Tropez
Saint-Tropez
Saint-Tropez is a town, 104 km to the east of Marseille, in the Var department of the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region of southeastern France. It is also the principal town in the canton of Saint-Tropez....

 (54.79%), Cannes
Cannes
Cannes is one of the best-known cities of the French Riviera, a busy tourist destination and host of the annual Cannes Film Festival. It is a Commune of France in the Alpes-Maritimes department....

 (48.19%) or Marcq-en-Barœul
Marcq-en-Barœul
Marcq-en-Barœul is a commune in the Nord department in the Nord-Pas-de-Calais region in northern France.It is a suburb of the city of Lille, and is adjacent to it on the northeast...

 (47.35%). It is strong in most rural areas, like most conservative parties in the world, but this does not extend to the rural areas of the south of France, areas which are old strongholds of republican
Republicanism
Republicanism is the ideology of governing a nation as a republic, where the head of state is appointed by means other than heredity, often elections. The exact meaning of republicanism varies depending on the cultural and historical context...

 and secular ideals. However, in old "clerical" Catholic rural areas, such as parts of Lozère
Lozère
Lozère , is a department in southeast France near the Massif Central, named after Mont Lozère.- History :Lozère is one of the original 83 departments created during the French Revolution on March 4, 1790...

 or Cantal
Cantal
Cantal is a department in south-central France. It is named after the Cantal mountain range, a group of extinct, eroded volcanic peaks, which covers much of the department. Residents are known as Cantaliens or Cantalous....

, it is very strong, as was the Union for French Democracy
Union for French Democracy
The Union for French Democracy was a French centrist political party. It was founded in 1978 as an electoral alliance to support President Valéry Giscard d'Estaing in order to counterbalance the Gaullist preponderance over the right. This name was chosen due to the title of Giscard d'Estaing's...

 (UDF) in its hey day.

However, the UMP does poorly in one of the UDF's best regions, Brittany, where the decline of religious practice, a moderate electorate and urbanization has hurt the UMP and also the UDF. Nicolas Sarkozy performed relatively poorly in departments with a large share of moderate Christian democratic (often centrist or centre-right) voters, such as Lozère
Lozère
Lozère , is a department in southeast France near the Massif Central, named after Mont Lozère.- History :Lozère is one of the original 83 departments created during the French Revolution on March 4, 1790...

 where the Socialist
Socialist Party (France)
The Socialist Party is a social-democratic political party in France and the largest party of the French centre-left. It is one of the two major contemporary political parties in France, along with the center-right Union for a Popular Movement...

 candidate Ségolène Royal
Ségolène Royal
Marie-Ségolène Royal , known as Ségolène Royal, is a French politician. She is the president of the Poitou-Charentes Regional Council, a former member of the National Assembly, a former government minister, and a prominent member of the French Socialist Party...

 performed better (44.3%) than François Mitterrand
François Mitterrand
François Maurice Adrien Marie Mitterrand was the 21st President of the French Republic and ex officio Co-Prince of Andorra, serving from 1981 until 1995. He is the longest-serving President of France and, as leader of the Socialist Party, the only figure from the left so far elected President...

 had in his 1988 left-wing landslide (43.1%). While former President Jacques Chirac
Jacques Chirac
Jacques René Chirac is a French politician who served as President of France from 1995 to 2007. He previously served as Prime Minister of France from 1974 to 1976 and from 1986 to 1988 , and as Mayor of Paris from 1977 to 1995.After completing his studies of the DEA's degree at the...

, the right's strongman in normally left-wing Corrèze
Corrèze
Corrèze is a department in south central France, named after the Corrèze River.The inhabitants of the department are called Corréziens or Corréziennes according to gender.-History:...

 had always done very well in Corrèze and the surrounding departments, Sarkozy did much poorly and actually lost the department in the 2007 runoff. However, in the 2009 European election
European Parliament election, 2009 (France)
European elections to elect 72 French Members of the European Parliament were held on Sunday 7 June 2009.Due to the entry of Romania and Bulgaria in the European Union in 2007, the number of seats allocated to France was revised from 78 seats to 72 seats, a loss of 6 seats...

, the UMP's results in those departments were superior to Sarkozy's first round result (nationally, they were 4% lower).

Presidential elections

President of the French Republic
President of the French Republic
The President of the French Republic colloquially referred to in English as the President of France, is France's elected Head of State....

Election year Candidate # of 1st round votes % of 1st round vote # of 2nd round votes % of 2nd round vote
2002
French presidential election, 2002
The 2002 French presidential election consisted of a first round election on 21 April 2002, and a runoff election between the top two candidates on 5 May 2002. This presidential contest attracted a greater than usual amount of international attention because of Le Pen's unexpected appearance in...

Jacques Chirac
Jacques Chirac
Jacques René Chirac is a French politician who served as President of France from 1995 to 2007. He previously served as Prime Minister of France from 1974 to 1976 and from 1986 to 1988 , and as Mayor of Paris from 1977 to 1995.After completing his studies of the DEA's degree at the...

5,665,855 19.88% 25,537,956 82.21%
2007
French presidential election, 2007
The 2007 French presidential election, the ninth of the Fifth French Republic was held to elect the successor to Jacques Chirac as president of France for a five-year term.The winner, decided on 5 and 6 May 2007, was Nicolas Sarkozy...

Nicolas Sarkozy
Nicolas Sarkozy
Nicolas Sarkozy is the 23rd and current President of the French Republic and ex officio Co-Prince of Andorra. He assumed the office on 16 May 2007 after defeating the Socialist Party candidate Ségolène Royal 10 days earlier....

11,448,663 31.18% 18,983,138 53.06%

Legislative elections

French National Assembly
French National Assembly
The French National Assembly is the lower house of the bicameral Parliament of France under the Fifth Republic. The upper house is the Senate ....

Election year # of 1st round votes % of 1st round vote # of 2nd round votes % of 2nd round vote # of seats
2002
French legislative election, 2002
-12th Assembly by Parliamentary Group:...

8,408,023 33.30% 10,026,669 47.26% 357
2007
French legislative election, 2007
The French legislative elections took place on 10 June and 17 June 2007 to elect the 13th National Assembly of the Fifth Republic, a few weeks after the French presidential election run-off on 6 May. 7,639 candidates stood for 577 seats, including France's overseas possessions...

10,289,737 39.54% 9,460,710 46.36% 313

European elections

European Parliament
European Parliament
The European Parliament is the directly elected parliamentary institution of the European Union . Together with the Council of the European Union and the Commission, it exercises the legislative function of the EU and it has been described as one of the most powerful legislatures in the world...

Election year Number of votes % of overall vote # of seats won
2004
European Parliament election, 2004 (France)
Elections to the European Parliament were held in France on 13 June 2004. The opposition Socialist Party made substantial gains, although this was mainly at the expense of minor parties...

2,856,368 16.64% 17
2009
European Parliament election, 2009 (France)
European elections to elect 72 French Members of the European Parliament were held on Sunday 7 June 2009.Due to the entry of Romania and Bulgaria in the European Union in 2007, the number of seats allocated to France was revised from 78 seats to 72 seats, a loss of 6 seats...

4,799,908 27.88% 29

Leadership

Presidents

  • Alain Juppé
    Alain Juppé
    Alain Marie Juppé is a French politician currently serving as the Minister of Foreign Affairs. He also served as Prime Minister of France from 1995 to 1997 under President Jacques Chirac and the Minister of Defence and Veterans Affairs from 2010 to 2011...

     (2002–2004)
  • Nicolas Sarkozy
    Nicolas Sarkozy
    Nicolas Sarkozy is the 23rd and current President of the French Republic and ex officio Co-Prince of Andorra. He assumed the office on 16 May 2007 after defeating the Socialist Party candidate Ségolène Royal 10 days earlier....

     (2004–2007)
  • collegial leadership (2007–present)


When Nicolas Sarkozy became President of France in 2007, the office of president of the party was replaced by a collegial leadership composed of the secretary-general and the vice presidents of the party. In July 2007 Jean-Claude Gaudin, the party's acting president, explained that "Nicolas Sarkozy remains, morally, president of the UMP" and the party endorsed this statement by not choosing a successor to Sarkozy. As the post of president of the UMP is, for the moment, abolished, the secretary-general is the de facto leader of the UMP.

Vice Presidents

  • Jean-Claude Gaudin
    Jean-Claude Gaudin
    Jean-Claude Gaudin is a French politician. He has been Mayor of Marseille since 1995 and Vice-President of the Senate since 1998; additionally, he has been Vice-President of the Union for a Popular Movement since 2002.-Early life:...

     (2002–2008)
  • Pierre Méhaignerie
    Pierre Méhaignerie
    Pierre Méhaignerie is a French politician. He is presently deputy of the Ille-et-Vilaine's 5th constituency and mayor of Vitré...

     (2007–2008)
  • Jean-Pierre Raffarin
    Jean-Pierre Raffarin
    Jean-Pierre Raffarin is a French conservative politician and senator for Vienne.Jean-Pierre Raffarin served as the Prime Minister of France from 6 May 2002 to 31 May 2005, resigning after France's rejection of the referendum on the European Union draft constitution. However, after Raffarin...

     (2007–present)
  • Michèle Alliot-Marie
    Michèle Alliot-Marie
    Michèle Jeanne Honorine Alliot-Marie, born 10 September 1946 and nicknamed MAM, is a French politician of the Union for a Popular Movement . A member of all but one right-wing governments of the 1980s, 1990s and 2000s, she was the first woman in France to hold the portfolios of Defense , the...

     (2008–present)
  • Jean-Louis Borloo
    Jean-Louis Borloo
    Jean-Louis Borloo is a French politician, and was the French Minister for Ecology, Energy, Sustainable Development and Town and Country Planning between 2007 and 2010.-Professional résumé:Education...

     (2008–present)
  • Brice Hortefeux
    Brice Hortefeux
    Brice Hortefeux is a French politician he was Minister of the Interior, Overseas Territories and Territorial collectivities...

     (2008–present)

Secretary-generals

  • Philippe Douste-Blazy
    Philippe Douste-Blazy
    Philippe Douste-Blazy is a French centre-right politician. He served as Minister for Health , Minister of Culture and Foreign Minister in the cabinet of Dominique de Villepin .Douste-Blazy is also a cardiologist and Christian Democrat politician from Lourdes...

     (2002–2004)
  • Pierre Méhaignerie
    Pierre Méhaignerie
    Pierre Méhaignerie is a French politician. He is presently deputy of the Ille-et-Vilaine's 5th constituency and mayor of Vitré...

     (2004–2007)
  • Patrick Devedjian
    Patrick Devedjian
    Patrick Devedjian is a French politician of the Union for a Popular Movement party...

     (2007–2008)
  • Xavier Bertrand
    Xavier Bertrand
    Xavier Bertrand is a French politician and Minister of Labour, Employment and Health. He was Minister of Health for almost two years in Dominique de Villepin's government under President Jacques Chirac, then Minister of Labour, Social Affairs and Solidarity in François Fillon's second government...

     (2008–2010)
  • Jean-François Copé
    Jean-François Copé
    Jean-François Copé , is a French politician. He is currently Mayor of Meaux, Deputy for the 6th constituency of Seine-et-Marne, and acts as President of the Union for a Popular Movement Group in the French National Assembly...

     (2010–present)

Group leaders in the National Assembly

  • Jacques Barrot
    Jacques Barrot
    Jacques Barrot is a French politician, who has served as European Commissioner for Justice , after four years as Commissioner for Transport and Commissioner for Regional Policy for eight months . He is also one of five vice-presidents of the 27-member Barroso Commission...

     (2002–2004)
  • Bernard Accoyer
    Bernard Accoyer
    Bernard Accoyer is a French politician who is currently the President of the National Assembly of France, as well as the Mayor of Annecy-le-Vieux.-Biography:...

     (2004–2007)
  • Jean-François Copé
    Jean-François Copé
    Jean-François Copé , is a French politician. He is currently Mayor of Meaux, Deputy for the 6th constituency of Seine-et-Marne, and acts as President of the Union for a Popular Movement Group in the French National Assembly...

     (2007–2010)
  • Christian Jacob
    Christian Jacob
    Christian Jacob is a lyrical jazz pianist who ranks among the top piano improvisers and accompanists working today. He has gained widespread exposure as musical director and performer with vocalist Tierney Sutton, although he has also maintained a substantial career as a solo artist and...

     (2010–present)

Group leaders in the Senate

  • Josselin de Rohan
    Josselin de Rohan
    Josselin Charles Louis Jean Marie de Rohan-Chabot, 14th Duke of Rohan, known as Josselin de Rohan was a member of the Senate of France, representing the Morbihan department...

     (2002–2008)
  • Henri de Raincourt
    Henri de Raincourt
    Henri de Raincourt is a French politician, formerly a senator representing the Yonne department, was Minister for Relations with Parliament. He was elected senator of the Yonne on 28 September 1986, and reelected on 24 September 1995 and 26 September 2004. From 15 January 2008 to 23 June 2009,...

     (2008–2009)
  • Gérard Longuet
    Gérard Longuet
    Gérard Longuet is a French conservative politician. On 27 February 2011, he became the new French Defense Minister.-Biography:...

     (2009–2011)
  • Jean-Claude Gaudin
    Jean-Claude Gaudin
    Jean-Claude Gaudin is a French politician. He has been Mayor of Marseille since 1995 and Vice-President of the Senate since 1998; additionally, he has been Vice-President of the Union for a Popular Movement since 2002.-Early life:...

    (2011–present)

External links

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