Tupolev Tu-204
Overview
 
The Tupolev Tu-204 is a twin-engined
Twinjet
A twinjet or twin jet is a jet aircraft powered by two engines. Such configuration of an aircraft is the most popular today for commercial airliners, for fighters, and many other kinds, because while offering safety from a single engine failure, it is also acceptably fuel-efficient.-Aircraft...

 medium-range
Range (aircraft)
The maximal total range is the distance an aircraft can fly between takeoff and landing, as limited by fuel capacity in powered aircraft, or cross-country speed and environmental conditions in unpowered aircraft....

 jet airliner
Jet airliner
A jet airliner is an airliner that is powered by jet engines. This term is sometimes contracted to jetliner or jet.In contrast to today's relatively fuel-efficient, turbofan-powered air travel, first generation jet airliner travel was noisy and fuel inefficient...

 capable of carrying 210 passengers, designed by Tupolev
Tupolev
Tupolev is a Russian aerospace and defence company, headquartered in Basmanny District, Central Administrative Okrug, Moscow. Known officially as Public Stock Company Tupolev, it is the successor of the Tupolev OKB or Tupolev Design Bureau headed by the Soviet aerospace engineer A.N. Tupolev...

 and produced by Aviastar SP and Kazan Aircraft Production Association
Kazan Aircraft Production Association
Kazan Aircraft Production Association is an aircraft manufacturer based in Kazan, Russia.-Overview:KAPO currently produces Tu-214 passenger planes and Tu-160 strategic bombers. There are also plans to start producing Tu-334 regional airliners and Tu-330 freighters.The company was established in...

. First introduced in 1989, it is considered to be broadly equivalent to the Boeing 757
Boeing 757
The Boeing 757 is a mid-size, narrow-body twin-engine jet airliner manufactured by Boeing Commercial Airplanes. Passenger versions of the twinjet have a capacity of 186 to 289 persons and a maximum range of , depending on variant and cabin configuration...

 and has competitive performance and fuel efficiency
Fuel efficiency
Fuel efficiency is a form of thermal efficiency, meaning the efficiency of a process that converts chemical potential energy contained in a carrier fuel into kinetic energy or work. Overall fuel efficiency may vary per device, which in turn may vary per application, and this spectrum of variance is...

 in its class. It was developed for Aeroflot
Aeroflot
OJSC AeroflotRussian Airlines , commonly known as Aeroflot , is the flag carrier and largest airline of the Russian Federation, based on passengers carried per year...

 as a replacement for the medium-range Tupolev Tu-154
Tupolev Tu-154
The Tupolev Tu-154 is a three-engine medium-range narrow-body airliner designed in the mid 1960s and manufactured by Tupolev. As the mainstay 'workhorse' of Soviet and Russian airlines for several decades, it serviced over a sixth of the world's landmass and carried half of all passengers flown...

 trijet
Trijet
A Trijet is an aircraft powered by three jet engines. Early twin-jet designs were limited by the FAA's "60-minute rule", whereby the flight path of twin-engined jetliners was restricted to within 60 minutes' flying time from a suitable airport, in case of engine failure. In 1964 this rule was...

. The latest version, with significant upgrades and improvements, is the Tu-204SM, which performed its first flight
Maiden flight
The maiden flight of an aircraft is the first occasion on which an aircraft leaves the ground of its own accord. This is similar to a ship's maiden voyage....

 on 29 December 2010.
The Tu-204 was designed as a family of aircraft incorporating passenger, cargo, combi and quick-change variants.
Encyclopedia
The Tupolev Tu-204 is a twin-engined
Twinjet
A twinjet or twin jet is a jet aircraft powered by two engines. Such configuration of an aircraft is the most popular today for commercial airliners, for fighters, and many other kinds, because while offering safety from a single engine failure, it is also acceptably fuel-efficient.-Aircraft...

 medium-range
Range (aircraft)
The maximal total range is the distance an aircraft can fly between takeoff and landing, as limited by fuel capacity in powered aircraft, or cross-country speed and environmental conditions in unpowered aircraft....

 jet airliner
Jet airliner
A jet airliner is an airliner that is powered by jet engines. This term is sometimes contracted to jetliner or jet.In contrast to today's relatively fuel-efficient, turbofan-powered air travel, first generation jet airliner travel was noisy and fuel inefficient...

 capable of carrying 210 passengers, designed by Tupolev
Tupolev
Tupolev is a Russian aerospace and defence company, headquartered in Basmanny District, Central Administrative Okrug, Moscow. Known officially as Public Stock Company Tupolev, it is the successor of the Tupolev OKB or Tupolev Design Bureau headed by the Soviet aerospace engineer A.N. Tupolev...

 and produced by Aviastar SP and Kazan Aircraft Production Association
Kazan Aircraft Production Association
Kazan Aircraft Production Association is an aircraft manufacturer based in Kazan, Russia.-Overview:KAPO currently produces Tu-214 passenger planes and Tu-160 strategic bombers. There are also plans to start producing Tu-334 regional airliners and Tu-330 freighters.The company was established in...

. First introduced in 1989, it is considered to be broadly equivalent to the Boeing 757
Boeing 757
The Boeing 757 is a mid-size, narrow-body twin-engine jet airliner manufactured by Boeing Commercial Airplanes. Passenger versions of the twinjet have a capacity of 186 to 289 persons and a maximum range of , depending on variant and cabin configuration...

 and has competitive performance and fuel efficiency
Fuel efficiency
Fuel efficiency is a form of thermal efficiency, meaning the efficiency of a process that converts chemical potential energy contained in a carrier fuel into kinetic energy or work. Overall fuel efficiency may vary per device, which in turn may vary per application, and this spectrum of variance is...

 in its class. It was developed for Aeroflot
Aeroflot
OJSC AeroflotRussian Airlines , commonly known as Aeroflot , is the flag carrier and largest airline of the Russian Federation, based on passengers carried per year...

 as a replacement for the medium-range Tupolev Tu-154
Tupolev Tu-154
The Tupolev Tu-154 is a three-engine medium-range narrow-body airliner designed in the mid 1960s and manufactured by Tupolev. As the mainstay 'workhorse' of Soviet and Russian airlines for several decades, it serviced over a sixth of the world's landmass and carried half of all passengers flown...

 trijet
Trijet
A Trijet is an aircraft powered by three jet engines. Early twin-jet designs were limited by the FAA's "60-minute rule", whereby the flight path of twin-engined jetliners was restricted to within 60 minutes' flying time from a suitable airport, in case of engine failure. In 1964 this rule was...

. The latest version, with significant upgrades and improvements, is the Tu-204SM, which performed its first flight
Maiden flight
The maiden flight of an aircraft is the first occasion on which an aircraft leaves the ground of its own accord. This is similar to a ship's maiden voyage....

 on 29 December 2010.

Design and development

The Tu-204 was designed as a family of aircraft incorporating passenger, cargo, combi and quick-change variants. It is powered by either two Aviadvigatel PS-90
Aviadvigatel PS-90
|-See also:-External links:**...

 or Rolls-Royce RB211
Rolls-Royce RB211
The Rolls-Royce RB211 is a family of high-bypass turbofan engines made by Rolls-Royce plc and capable of generating 37,400 to 60,600 pounds-force thrust. Originally developed for the Lockheed L-1011 , it entered service in 1972 and was the only engine to power this aircraft type...

 engines. The Tu-204 is produced at two of the largest Russian aircraft manufacturing plants in Ulyanovsk
Ulyanovsk
Ulyanovsk The city is the birthplace of Vladimir Lenin , for whom it is named.-History:Simbirsk was founded in 1648 by the boyar Bogdan Khitrovo. The fort of "Simbirsk" was strategically placed on a hill on the Western bank of the Volga River...

 (Tu-204 series) and Kazan
Kazan
Kazan is the capital and largest city of the Republic of Tatarstan, Russia. With a population of 1,143,546 , it is the eighth most populous city in Russia. Kazan lies at the confluence of the Volga and Kazanka Rivers in European Russia. In April 2009, the Russian Patent Office granted Kazan the...

 (Tu-214).
The Tu-204 cabin is available in several layouts, including the baseline single-class layout seating for 210 passengers and a two- or three-class layout designed for 164–193 passengers. A cargo version of the Tu-204 is being successfully operated by several airlines in Europe and Egypt
Egypt
Egypt , officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, Arabic: , is a country mainly in North Africa, with the Sinai Peninsula forming a land bridge in Southwest Asia. Egypt is thus a transcontinental country, and a major power in Africa, the Mediterranean Basin, the Middle East and the Muslim world...

.

Both economy
Economy class
__FORCETOC__Economy class, also called coach class , steerage, or standard class, is the lowest class of seating in air travel, rail travel, and sometimes ferry or maritime travel....

 and Business class
Business class
Business class is a travel class available on many commercial airlines and rail lines, known by brand names which vary by airline or rail company. In the airline industry, it was originally intended as an intermediate level of service between economy class and first class, but many airlines now...

 compartments are provided with passenger seats with 3–3 and 2–2 seating arrangements, respectively. The business class cabin has a seat pitch of 810 millimetres (31.9 in). The passenger cabin can be divided into compartments according to class with removable bulkheads and curtains. Compartments are illuminated by reflected light. Hidden lights located over and under the overhead bins create uniform and comfortable illumination. Overhead bins for passenger baggage and coats are of the closed type. The volume of baggage per passenger is 0.052 cubic metres (1.8 cu ft).

In 1994, the first certificate for Tu-204 aircraft (with PS-90A engines) was issued. Subsequently issued certificates have extended estimated operational conditions and improved overall aircraft type design. The Tu-204-120 variant, certified with Rolls-Royce RB211-535E4 engines, complies with noise regulation
Noise regulation
Noise regulation includes statutes or guidelines relating to sound transmission established by national, state or provincial and municipal levels of government. After the watershed passage of the United States Noise Control Act of 1972, other local and state governments passed further regulations...

s described in Chapter 3 of Supplement 16 to ICAO, hence meeting all current European and ICAO requirements. It is currently undergoing the certification process with JAA
Joint Aviation Authorities
The Joint Aviation Authorities, or JAA, was an associated body of the ECAC representing the civil aviation regulatory authorities of a number of European States who had agreed to co-operate in developing and implementing common safety regulatory standards and procedures...

. Besides, the Tu-204-100 variant, certified with PS-90A engines, complies with noise regulations described in Chapter 4 of Supplement 16 to ICAO which means it is quieter. The aircraft was certified to Russian standards AP-25 (harmonized with FAR-25 and JAR-25).

Technology

The Tu-204 is part of a new generation of Russian aircraft, including other recent developments such as the Ilyushin Il-96
Ilyushin Il-96
The Ilyushin Il-96 is a four-engined long-haul widebody airliner designed by Ilyushin in the Soviet Union and manufactured by the Voronezh Aircraft Production Association in Voronezh, Russia...

. The Tu-204 features many technological innovations such as, fly-by-wire
Fly-by-wire
Fly-by-wire is a system that replaces the conventional manual flight controls of an aircraft with an electronic interface. The movements of flight controls are converted to electronic signals transmitted by wires , and flight control computers determine how to move the actuators at each control...

, a glass cockpit
Glass cockpit
A glass cockpit is an aircraft cockpit that features electronic instrument displays, typically large LCD screens, as opposed to the traditional style of analog dials and gauges...

, supercritical wings with winglets, along with Russian or foreign avionics.

Variants

Tu-204/204C

The Tu-204 is the basic passenger airline model, and the Tu-204C is the basic freight or cargo model. The most-used models are the -100C and the -120C.

Tu-204-100/200

Certified in January, 1995, this initial version is powered by Soloviev (now Aviadvigatel) PS90 turbofan
Turbofan
The turbofan is a type of airbreathing jet engine that is widely used for aircraft propulsion. A turbofan combines two types of engines, the turbo portion which is a conventional gas turbine engine, and the fan, a propeller-like ducted fan...

s with 157 kN (35,300 lbf) of thrust, and uses Russian avionics in addition to its Russian engines. The Tu-204-200 is a heavier version with extra fuel for more range. Only one was built by Aviastar-SP
Aviastar-SP
CJSC Aviastar-SP is a Russian aircraft factory based in Ulyanovsk. It is a closed shares joint stock company. It has replaced the Soviet Ulyanovsk Aviation Industrial Complex and manufactures the cargo aircraft An-124 Ruslan and the whole Tu-204 family...

 in Ulyanovsk
Ulyanovsk
Ulyanovsk The city is the birthplace of Vladimir Lenin , for whom it is named.-History:Simbirsk was founded in 1648 by the boyar Bogdan Khitrovo. The fort of "Simbirsk" was strategically placed on a hill on the Western bank of the Volga River...

 but has not yet been delivered (RA-64036). Now this version is only produced by KAPO
Kapo
Kapo can refer to one of the following:* Kapo , a Hawaiian goddess or god* Kapo , a privileged prisoner who served as a barracks supervisor/warder or led work details in a Nazi concentration camp...

 in Kazan, marketed under the designation Tu-214. The Tu-204-100C and Tu-204-200C are cargo versions of the −100 and −200 respectively, fitted with a forward main deck freight door. Currently, the Tu-204-100/200 is offered with the option of an up-rated Aviadvigatel PS90A2 turbofan, which promises 40% more service between overhauls.

The Tu-204-100's maximum take-off weight
Maximum Take-Off Weight
The Maximum Takeoff Weight or Maximum Takeoff Mass of an aircraft is the maximum weight at which the pilot of the aircraft is allowed to attempt to take off, due to structural or other limits. The analogous term for rockets is Gross Lift-Off Mass, or GLOW...

 (MTOW) is 107.5 tonnes, and its range with 196 passengers in a two-class configuration is 6000 kilometres (3,728.2 mi).

Tu-204-120/220/120C/220C

To broaden product appeal, the Tu-204-120/220 offers non-Russian avionics and engines. It is powered by two Rolls-Royce RB211-535 engines, each with thrust of 192 kN (43,100 lbf). Egypt's Cairo Aviation became the debut operator in November 1998 when it took delivery of a Tu-204-120 and its cargo version the Tu-204-120C. The Tu-204-220 and Tu-204-220C cargo version, are a higher gross weight variants of the basic Tu-204-120.

The Tu-204-120 has a maximum takeoff weight of 103 metric tons and a range of 4600 kilometres (2,483.8 nmi) with 196 passengers in a two-class seating configuration.

Tu-204-300

A shortened, longer-range and more efficient derivative of the Tu-204, the Tu-204-300 is also known as Tu-234. About six meters (20 ft) shorter than the basic Tu-204, this variant is available in two versions: the longer-ranged, heavier version, powered by Aviadvigatel PS90-A2 turbofans, has a maximum take-off weight of 107.5 metric tons and range (with 166 passengers) increased to 9300 kilometres (5,021.6 nmi); and the lighter, shorter-ranged version, with a maximum take-off weight of 89 metric tons and range of 3500 kilometres (1,889.8 nmi) with 166 passengers. The Russian airline Vladivostok Air is the debut customer. This airline's aircraft are in a two-class seating configuration, with a 142-passenger capacity. Average numbers of flight hours during each 24-hour period is 9.35 hours, for year 2009. It is also operated by Air Koryo
Air Koryo
Air Koryo ) is the state-owned national flag carrier airline of North Korea, headquartered in Sunan-guyŏk, Pyongyang. Based at Sunan International Airport , it operates international scheduled and charter services to points in Asia and Europe....

 which currently operates one Tu-204-300 and has one additional aircraft on order with options to replace five Тu-154s and four Il-62Ms. The Тu-204s operate on the Pyongyang-Beijing, Bangkok, Vladivostok, Shenyang and Kuala Lumpur (from April 19 on every Monday and Thursday) lines.

Tu-204-500

This is a version of the Tu-204-300 optimized for shorter routes, featuring smaller wings and an increased cruising speed (to Mach 0.84), which makes it a competitor to the Next Generation Boeing 737
Boeing 737
The Boeing 737 is a short- to medium-range, twin-engine narrow-body jet airliner. Originally developed as a shorter, lower-cost twin-engine airliner derived from Boeing's 707 and 727, the 737 has developed into a family of nine passenger models with a capacity of 85 to 215 passengers...

. It is ETOPS
ETOPS/LROPS
ETOPS is an acronym for extended operations as re-defined by the US Federal Aviation Administration in 2007 . This rule allows twin-engined airliners to fly long-distance routes that were previously off-limits to twin-engined aircraft...

 rated, and fitted with a Honeywell 331-200ER APU
Auxiliary power unit
An auxiliary power unit is a device on a vehicle that provides energy for functions other than propulsion. They are commonly found on large aircraft, as well as some large land vehicles.-Function:...

.

Tu-206

This variant is a company-funded testbed for alternative fuels, flying on liquefied natural gas
Liquefied natural gas
Liquefied natural gas or LNG is natural gas that has been converted temporarily to liquid form for ease of storage or transport....

 

Tu-214

Tu-214 is also a variation of Tu-204. It is technically a Tu-204-200, one of the differences being that it is built by a different factory. Planes designated Tu-204 are produced in Ulyanovsk
Ulyanovsk
Ulyanovsk The city is the birthplace of Vladimir Lenin , for whom it is named.-History:Simbirsk was founded in 1648 by the boyar Bogdan Khitrovo. The fort of "Simbirsk" was strategically placed on a hill on the Western bank of the Volga River...

 by Aviastar-SP
Aviastar-SP
CJSC Aviastar-SP is a Russian aircraft factory based in Ulyanovsk. It is a closed shares joint stock company. It has replaced the Soviet Ulyanovsk Aviation Industrial Complex and manufactures the cargo aircraft An-124 Ruslan and the whole Tu-204 family...

; Tu-214 in Kazan
Kazan
Kazan is the capital and largest city of the Republic of Tatarstan, Russia. With a population of 1,143,546 , it is the eighth most populous city in Russia. Kazan lies at the confluence of the Volga and Kazanka Rivers in European Russia. In April 2009, the Russian Patent Office granted Kazan the...

 by the Kazan Aircraft Production Association
Kazan Aircraft Production Association
Kazan Aircraft Production Association is an aircraft manufacturer based in Kazan, Russia.-Overview:KAPO currently produces Tu-214 passenger planes and Tu-160 strategic bombers. There are also plans to start producing Tu-334 regional airliners and Tu-330 freighters.The company was established in...

 (KAPO).Kazan Aircraft Production Association (KAPO) n.a. Gorbunov – Russian Defense Industry Both factories are independent from the Tupolev
Tupolev
Tupolev is a Russian aerospace and defence company, headquartered in Basmanny District, Central Administrative Okrug, Moscow. Known officially as Public Stock Company Tupolev, it is the successor of the Tupolev OKB or Tupolev Design Bureau headed by the Soviet aerospace engineer A.N. Tupolev...

 design bureau and have some control over the design of the variant they produce.

The main difference is a full-size main door at the left side of the fuselage just before the wing. The Tu-204 has two main doors and 2 emergency doors; the Tu-214 has 3 doors and one emergency door.

In 2010 a total of 10 Tupolev Tu-214 aircraft are in airline
Airline
An airline provides air transport services for traveling passengers and freight. Airlines lease or own their aircraft with which to supply these services and may form partnerships or alliances with other airlines for mutual benefit...

 service with a dozen on order. Tu-214 users are: Rossiya
Rossiya (airline)
Rossiya Airlines OJSC , operating as Rossiya — Russian Airlines is a secondary national airline with its head office in Saint Petersburg, Russia, resulting from the 2006 merger of the Moscow-based company of the same name and Saint Petersburg-based Pulkovo Aviation Enterprise...

 (5), Transaero
Transaero
OJSC Transaero Airlines or simply Transaero is an airline with its head office on the grounds of Domodedovo International Airport, Domodedovsky District, Moscow Oblast, Russia. It operates scheduled and charter flights to more than 99 domestic and international destinations...

 (3) and Airstars (2). Transaero
Transaero
OJSC Transaero Airlines or simply Transaero is an airline with its head office on the grounds of Domodedovo International Airport, Domodedovsky District, Moscow Oblast, Russia. It operates scheduled and charter flights to more than 99 domestic and international destinations...

 has an additional 7 orders for the aircraft.

Tu-204SM

The Tu-204SM is medium-range airliner, with a seating capacity of 210 passengers, and 174 in a two-class layout. The plane targets the low-cost carrier market. This plane has been upgraded to meet relevant, and future Russian/International safety requirements, including new ICAO and Eurocontrol standards which includes all environmental parameters, noise, and emission levels.

The Tu-204SM will have a compact airframe. However the Tu-204SM will feature many design and aerodynamic similarities to the Tu-204-100/100E/100V. The aircraft's flight navigation system and avionics will permit a two-pilot crew.

The Tu-204SM is an upgraded variant of the Tu-204-100/300 upgrades include new TA-18 APU-200, new equipment, improved streamlining, and general aerodynamic design with improved interiors. An advanced Flight Control System equipment (ASO-204/FMS) with automatic on board system maintenance and diagnostics will be featured. The cockpit is automated with wide LCD displays, and Heads-Up Displays (HUD). There will be improvements in power systems (APU), control, fire safety, fuel management and hydraulic systems, and the aircraft's certification is expected to take place in 2011.

The Tu-204SM will implement an "E-Pilot" concept, and feature new flight control and navigation equipment, a new VSUPT-85-204 computer, a new throttle management system, and a SCD-100-1 Computer Flight Management System. There will also be these following upgrades so the aircraft would be in compliance with international requirements and P-RNAV. The upgrades are a new system for measuring SIVD data, and a modern airplane equipment control system. It will also feature a KSEIS-204E electronic display and warning system. To also help simplify aircraft operations all controls are produced in English.

The uppgrades to passenger/interior accommodations includes new luggage shelves and under-floor compartment for large trunks, multi-colored LED lighting, sound-absorbing structures in the passenger cabin, audio and video displays for in-flight entertainment.

The Tu-204SM will feature advanced, and upgraded PS-90A2 engines, a unified twin-spool turbofan engine with a high bypass ratio. The PS-90A2 has a life cycle cost decreased by 35% with simultaneous increase in reliability by 50 to 100%.

The PS-90A2 will pass AP-33 aviation standards certification, harmonized with FAR Part 33 and JAR33. The price for one Tu-204SM is estimated at $40–47 million.

Tu-204SM orders

Red Wings Airlines
Red Wings Airlines
Red Wings is an airline based in Moscow, Russia. The airline provides both scheduled passenger and cargo charter services.- History :Red Wings was founded in 1999 under the name VARZ-400, after the Russian acronym of the Vnukovo Avia Repair Factory...

 will be the first airline to purchase and operate 44 Tu-204SM. Ilyushin Finance Co. (IFC) says it will complete negotiations with Red Wings on 44 Tu-204SM aircraft in February, to sign a firm order in March, 2011. Russia’s largest aircraft lessor, Ilyushin Finance, has previously placed Tu-204-100 aircraft with Cubana, Air Koryo and Red Wings, and Tu-204-300s with Vladivostok Avia and Air Koryo. Additionally, IFC leases three Tu-214s (Tu-204-200s) to Transaero.

Red Wings already operates a fleet of Tu-204-100 and Tu-204-100V jetliners, to which it added one airframe in 2010.

A large order by Iran Air Tours
Iran Air Tours
Iran Airtour is an airline based in Tehran, Iran. It is a subsidiary of Iran Air and operates scheduled domestic services and international services in the Middle East, as well as charter services including Europe...

 is under threat because of sanctions against the Iranian economy, as the American company Pratt & Whitney
Pratt & Whitney
Pratt & Whitney is a U.S.-based aerospace manufacturer with global service operations. It is a subsidiary of United Technologies Corporation . Pratt & Whitney's aircraft engines are widely used in both civil aviation and military aviation. Its headquarters are in East Hartford, Connecticut, USA...

 has been involved in the development of the engine with the Perm Engine Company. Completing the sale by re-equipping the Tu-204SMs with the Tu-204's Russian-made PS-90A engines has been proposed.

Faced with low production rates for the Tu-204 models, Tupolev asked component providers to lower their prices in order to cut the plane's overall price by 27–30%. These suppliers agreed, on condition that 44 more firm orders be secured for the Tu-204SM through 2016. It has been reported that Red Wings airlines is willing to place an order of this size before 2011.

The test flight of Tu-204SM was successfully carried out on 29 December 2010. First deliveries of Tu-204SM are planned for 2011.

Operators

Total users (October 2010)
Airline Aircraft Type In Service On Order Stored
  Cairo Aviation
Cairo Aviation
Cairo Aviation is an airline based in Cairo, Egypt. It started operations in November 1998 and operates charter flights mainly to Europe, Africa and the Middle East...

 
3 x 204-120
2 x 204-120C
2 0 3
  Dalavia  214 0 0 3
  Airstars  214 1 0 1
  Orenair  204-100 1 0 0
  Air China Cargo
Air China Cargo
Air China Cargo Co., Ltd. is a cargo airline based in Beijing, China. It is an all-cargo subsidiary of Air China and operates services to 36 cities in 27 countries around the world. Its main base is Beijing Capital International Airport.- History :...

 
204-120CE 0 0 1
  DHL Aviation
DHL Aviation
DHL Aviation is a division of DHL Express responsible for providing air transport capacity. It is not a single airline but refers to several airlines owned, co-owned or chartered by DHL Express...

 
204-100C 1 0 1
  China Cargo Airlines  204-120CE 0 2 0
  Aviastar-TU Co. Ltd
Aviastar-SP
CJSC Aviastar-SP is a Russian aircraft factory based in Ulyanovsk. It is a closed shares joint stock company. It has replaced the Soviet Ulyanovsk Aviation Industrial Complex and manufactures the cargo aircraft An-124 Ruslan and the whole Tu-204 family...

 
204 4 0 4
  KMV  204-100 2 0 0
  KrasAir
KrasAir
KrasAir or Krasnoyarsk Airlines was a Russian airline with its head office on the grounds of Krasnoyarsk Yemelyanovo Airport in Krasnoyarsk. It operated scheduled regional and international passenger services, freight transport, cargo handling and charter services from the main base is Krasnoyarsk...

 
214 0 0 1
  Palestinian Authority (government) 204-100 0 1 0
  Rossiya
Rossiya (airline)
Rossiya Airlines OJSC , operating as Rossiya — Russian Airlines is a secondary national airline with its head office in Saint Petersburg, Russia, resulting from the 2006 merger of the Moscow-based company of the same name and Saint Petersburg-based Pulkovo Aviation Enterprise...

 (commercial)
204 0 0 2
  Rossiya
Rossiya (airline)
Rossiya Airlines OJSC , operating as Rossiya — Russian Airlines is a secondary national airline with its head office in Saint Petersburg, Russia, resulting from the 2006 merger of the Moscow-based company of the same name and Saint Petersburg-based Pulkovo Aviation Enterprise...

 (government)
214
2 x 204–300 (order)
6 6 0
  Vladivostok Avia
Vladivostok Avia
Vladivostok Air is an airline based in Vladivostok, Russia.-Description:As the largest carrier in the Russian Far East and Siberia, Vladivostok Air operates scheduled domestic flights within Russia and international flights to Africa, Asia, and Europe, as well as charter flights and a well...

 
204–300 6 0 0
  Cubana
Cubana de Aviación
Cubana de Aviación S.A., commonly known as Cubana, is Cuba's largest airline and flag carrier. The airline was founded on 8 October 1929, and has its corporate headquarters in Havana. Its main base is at José Martí International Airport...

 
2 x 204-100CE
2 x 204-100E
4 0 0
  Air Koryo
Air Koryo
Air Koryo ) is the state-owned national flag carrier airline of North Korea, headquartered in Sunan-guyŏk, Pyongyang. Based at Sunan International Airport , it operates international scheduled and charter services to points in Asia and Europe....

 
x1 204–300
x1 204-100
2 2 0
  Transaero
Transaero
OJSC Transaero Airlines or simply Transaero is an airline with its head office on the grounds of Domodedovo International Airport, Domodedovsky District, Moscow Oblast, Russia. It operates scheduled and charter flights to more than 99 domestic and international destinations...

 
214 3 7 0
  Iran Air
Iran Air
Iran Air , formally Airline of the Islamic Republic of Iran is the flag carrier airline of Iran, operating services to 60 destinations, 35 international and 25 domestic. The cargo fleet operates services to 20 scheduled and 5 charter destinations...

 and Iran Air Tours
Iran Air Tours
Iran Airtour is an airline based in Tehran, Iran. It is a subsidiary of Iran Air and operates scheduled domestic services and international services in the Middle East, as well as charter services including Europe...

 
204 0 30 0
  Red Wings
Red Wings Airlines
Red Wings is an airline based in Moscow, Russia. The airline provides both scheduled passenger and cargo charter services.- History :Red Wings was founded in 1999 under the name VARZ-400, after the Russian acronym of the Vnukovo Avia Repair Factory...

 
204-100/204SM 8 1 / 44 0
  Icaro Air
Icaro Air
Icaro Air is an airline based in Quito, Ecuador. It operates domestic passenger services under the name of Icaro Express, as well as fixed-wing and helicopter charters...

 
204SM 0 2(+1) 0
  Business Aero  204–300 1 0 0
  VIM
VIM Airlines
VIM Avia, commonly known as VIM Airlines, is an airline based in Moscow, Russia, operating international scheduled and charter, passenger and cargo flights out of Moscow Domodedovo Airport, as well as offering aircraft wet lease.-History:...

 
204SM 0 10 0
  Syrianair
Syrian Arab Airlines
Syrian Arab Airlines , operating as Syrian Air , is the flag carrier airline of Syria. It operates scheduled international services to over 40 destinations in Asia, Europe and North Africa, as well as domestic services. Its main base is Damascus International Airport. Syrian Air has a fleet of...

 
204SM 0 3 0
Total 40 113 15

Production by year

Year 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
Production 1 1 2 2 5 2 1 3 1 1 2 4 3 4 4 2 3 4 2 10 6 3

Specifications

204-100 204-120 204SM 214 204–300
Cockpit crew Three Two Three
Seating capacity 210 (1-class, standard)
175 (2-class, standard)
164 (1-class, standard)
142 (2-class, standard)
Seat pitch 32 in (1-class, standard)
39 & 32 in (2-class, standard)
32 in (1-class, standard)
41 & 32 in (2-class, standard)
Length 46.14 metre 40.19 metre
Wingspan 41.8 metre
Wing area 184.2 square metres (1,982.7 sq ft)
Height 13.9 metre
Fuselage width 3.8 metre
Fuselage height 4.1 metre
Cabin width 3.57 metre
Cabin height 2.16 metre
Maximum take-off weight 103000 kilograms (227,076.1 lb) 105000 kilograms (231,485.4 lb) 110750 kilograms (244,162 lb) 107500 kilograms (236,996.9 lb)
Maximum landing weight 88000 kilograms (194,006.8 lb) 89500 kilograms (197,313.7 lb) 93000 kilograms (205,029.9 lb) 88000 kilograms (194,006.8 lb)
Maximum payload 21000 kilograms (46,297.1 lb) 23000 kilograms (50,706.3 lb) 25200 kilograms (55,556.5 lb) 18000 kilograms (39,683.2 lb)
Takeoff run at MTOW 2250 metres (7,381.9 ft) 1800 metres (5,905.5 ft) 2250 metres (7,381.9 ft) 2500 metres (8,202.1 ft)
Service ceiling 12600 metres (41,338.6 ft) 12100 metres (39,698.2 ft)
Cruising speed 810 km/h to 850 km/h (503 mph to 528 mph)
Maximum speed 900 km/h (560 mph)
Range fully loaded 4300 kilometres (2,671.9 mi) 4100 kilometres (2,547.6 mi) 4000 kilometres (2,485.5 mi) 4340 kilometres (2,696.8 mi) 5800 kilometres (3,604 mi)
Maximum fuel capacity 41000 l (86,648.5 US pt) 35700 kilograms (78,705 lb) 44600 l (94,256.7 US pt) 45000 l (95,102 US pt)
Engine (x 2) Aviadvigatel PS-90
Aviadvigatel PS-90
|-See also:-External links:**...

A
Rolls-Royce RB211-535E4
Rolls-Royce RB211
The Rolls-Royce RB211 is a family of high-bypass turbofan engines made by Rolls-Royce plc and capable of generating 37,400 to 60,600 pounds-force thrust. Originally developed for the Lockheed L-1011 , it entered service in 1972 and was the only engine to power this aircraft type...

 
Aviadvigatel PS-90A2  Aviadvigatel PS-90A
Max. thrust (x 2) 157 kN
16,000 Kgf; 35,274 lbf
186.3 kN
19,000 Kgf; 41,887 lbf
157 kN
16,000 Kgf; 35,274 lbf
158.2 kN
16,140 Kgf; 35,582 lbf

Sources: United Aircraft Corporation, Tupolev, 204SM.

Incidents

There have been no fatal accidents involving the Tu-204, but other incidents.
  • On March 22, 2010, Aviastar Flight 1906, an Aviastar Tupolev Tu-204 tail number RA-64011, crash-landed short of the runway near Moscow's Domodedovo International Airport
    Domodedovo International Airport
    Moscow Domodedovo Airport or Domodedovo International Airport is an international airport located in Domodedovsky District, Moscow Oblast, Russia, south-southeast of the centre of Moscow...

     while attempting to land at night in fog and poor visibility. There were no fatalities, but four of the eight crew members were seriously injured. It was a repositioning flight with no passengers on board. In September 2010, the МАК released their final report into the accident. The cause of the accident was attributed to pilot error, with a number of factors contributing to the accident including inadequate crew training and lack of cockpit resource management, failure of autoflight systems and serious regulatory violations by Aviastar-TU.

See also

  • Aircraft industry of Russia
    Aircraft industry of Russia
    Aircraft manufacturing is an important industry sector in Russia, employing around 355,300 people. The dissolution of the Soviet Union led to a deep crisis for the industry, especially for the civilian aircraft segment. The situation started improving during the middle of the first decade of the...



External links

The source of this article is wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.  The text of this article is licensed under the GFDL.
 
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