Treponema is a bacterial genus. The major species is Treponema pallidum
Treponema pallidum
Treponema pallidum is a species of spirochaete bacterium with subspecies that cause treponemal diseases such as syphilis, bejel, pinta and yaws. The treponemes have a cytoplasmic and outer membrane...

, whose subspecies are responsible for diseases such as syphilis and yaws.

The species Treponema hyodysenteriae and Treponema innocens have been reclassified into Serpula.

In the early 2000's they have again been reclassified into the family Brachyspiraceae
Brachyspiraceae is a family of spirochaetes.Spirochetosis of the appendix, caused by Brachyspira aalborgi, can present as acute appendicitis. One study showed spirochetosis in 0.7% of all appendicies removed for clinical acute appendicitis....


Treponema paraluiscuniculi is associated with syphilis
Syphilis is a sexually transmitted infection caused by the spirochete bacterium Treponema pallidum subspecies pallidum. The primary route of transmission is through sexual contact; however, it may also be transmitted from mother to fetus during pregnancy or at birth, resulting in congenital syphilis...

 in rabbit
Rabbits are small mammals in the family Leporidae of the order Lagomorpha, found in several parts of the world...


Treponema carateum
Treponema carateum
Treponema carateum is a Treponema species.It is the cause of pinta....

is the cause of pinta
Pinta (disease)
Pinta is a human skin disease endemic to Mexico, Central America, and South America. It is caused by infection with a spirochete, Treponema pallidum carateum, which is morphologically and serologically indistinguishable from the organism that causes syphilis.-Presentation:Pinta is thought to be...

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