Transport in Austria
This article provides an overview of the transportation infrastructure in the country of Austria
Austria , officially the Republic of Austria , is a landlocked country of roughly 8.4 million people in Central Europe. It is bordered by the Czech Republic and Germany to the north, Slovakia and Hungary to the east, Slovenia and Italy to the south, and Switzerland and Liechtenstein to the...



total: 6,123 km (3,523 km electrified)

standard gauge
Standard gauge
The standard gauge is a widely-used track gauge . Approximately 60% of the world's existing railway lines are built to this gauge...

5,639 km gauge (3,429 km electrified).

narrow gauge: 507 km (23 km gauge
Metre gauge
Metre gauge refers to narrow gauge railways and tramways with a track gauge of . In some African, American and Asian countries it is the main gauge. In Europe it has been used for local railways in France, Germany, and Belgium, most of which were closed down in mid 20th century. Only in Switzerland...

, 13 km gauge, 468 km gauge - 94 km electrified, and 3 km gauge).

The national railway system of Austria is the Österreichische Bundesbahnen, or ÖBB.


  • Serfaus
    Serfaus is a municipality in the district of Landeck in Tyrol, Austria. It is located at , with a population of 1,091 .-Geography:Serfaus is a small town located on a plateau in the upper Inn valley in Tyrol, Austria. It is well known for its connection to the Ski-Area "Serfaus-Fiss-Ladis" and its...

    , where the system has allowed a complete ban on cars in the village. See Dorfbahn Serfaus
    Dorfbahn Serfaus
    The Dorfbahn Serfaus is an unusual underground air cushion funicular transit system in the Tyrolian village of Serfaus in Austria. The name literally translates as Serfaus Village Railway.-Overview:...

  • Vienna
    Vienna is the capital and largest city of the Republic of Austria and one of the nine states of Austria. Vienna is Austria's primary city, with a population of about 1.723 million , and is by far the largest city in Austria, as well as its cultural, economic, and political centre...

    : see Vienna U-Bahn
    Vienna U-Bahn
    The Vienna U-Bahn is a rapid transit system consisting of five lines. It is the backbone of one of the best performing public transport systems worldwide according to UITP in June 2009. More than 1.3 million passengers use the Vienna U-Bahn every day...

Rail links to adjacent countries

  • Same gauge
    •   Czech Republic
      Transport in the Czech Republic
      -Railways:The Czech Republic has a total railway length of . The vast majority is standard gauge. Electrified railways generally have voltages of 3 kV DC or 25 kV AC. of track is narrow gauge. The most prominent Czech railway company is the state-owned České dráhy . Prague has an underground...

    •   Germany
      Transport in Germany
      As a densely populated country in a central location in Europe and with a developed economy, Germany has a dense and modern transportation infrastructure....

        — same voltage 15 kV AC
    •   Hungary
      Transport in Hungary
      -Railways:* Total: 7,606 km** Broad gauge: 36 km gauge** Standard gauge: 7,394 km gauge ** narrow gauge: 176 km gauge...

    •   Italy
      Transport in Italy
      - Railways :Italian railway system has a length of , of which standard gauge and electrified.The narrow gauge tracks are: of gauge ; of gauge .-High speed trains:*Turin-Milan...

    •   Liechtenstein  — same voltage 15 kV AC
    •   Slovakia
      Transport in Slovakia
      Transport in Slovakia is possible by rail, road, air or rivers. Slovakia is a developed Central European country with a well developed rail network and a somewhat underdeveloped highway system . Main international airport is the M. R. Štefánik Airport in the capital, Bratislava...

    •   Slovenia
      Transport in Slovenia
      - Railways :total:1,229 km operated by Slovenian Railwaysstandard gauge:1,229 km gauge - Railway links with adjacent countries : Italy - yes Croatia - yes Hungary - yes Austria - yes- Roads :total:...

    •   Switzerland
      Transport in Switzerland
      Being in the centre of Europe, Switzerland has a dense network of roads and railways. The crossing of the Alps is an important route for European transportation, as the Alps separate Switzerland from some of its neighbours. Alpine railway routes began in 1882 with the Gotthard Rail Tunnel, followed...


total: 200,000 km (100% paved, including 1700 km of expressways)
  • A1
    The West Autobahn was the first motorway, or ‘Autobahn’, to be built in Austria originating from plans drawn up for the so-called Reichsautobahn system. Today it runs from Vienna via Linz to Salzburg, where it joins the German Bundesautobahn 8 at the Walserberg border crossing...

  • A2 (Südautobahn)
  • A3 (Südostautobahn)
  • A4
    The Ost Autobahn A4 or "Eastern Motorway" is part of the Europastraße E60 and goes from Vienna to the town of Nickelsdorf, on the Hungarian border....

  • A5 (Nordautobahn, planned)
  • A6
    The Nordost Autobahn A6 or Northeastern motorway is a motorway in eastern Austria and it connects Slovakia to the Austrian motorway system.It begins at A4 junction near Bruckneudorf, going east, bypassing Potzneusiedl, crossing the Leitha river by a 410 m long bridge, then beyond Gattendorf copying...

  • A7 (Mühlkreisautobahn)
  • A8 (Innkreisautobahn)
  • A9
    The Pyhrnautobahn is an Autobahn , in Austria. It runs through Alps by 2 two-lane tunnels: the long Bosrucktunnel and the long Gleinalmtunnel. The longest tunnel on the motorway is the long Plabutschtunnel under Graz and its outskirts.The last section of the highway was built in 2004...

  • A10 (Tauernautobahn)
  • A11 (Karawankenautobahn)
  • A12  (Inntalautobahn)
  • A13
    The A 13 Brenner Autobahn is a relatively short autobahn in the Austrian state of Tyrol, linking the A 12 Inn Valley Autobahn near the state's capital Innsbruck to the Italian border at the Brenner Pass , where it becomes the Autostrada A22 to Modena...

  • A14 (Rheintalautobahn)
  • A21 (Wiener Außenringautobahn)
  • A22 (Donauuferautobahn)
  • A23 (Südosttangente)
  • A24 (Verbindungsspange Rothneusiedel, planned)
  • A25 (Welser Autobahn)
  • A26 (Linzerautobahn, planned)

Ports and harbours

All ports access the Danube
The Danube is a river in the Central Europe and the Europe's second longest river after the Volga. It is classified as an international waterway....

  • Enns
    Enns (city)
    Enns is a city in the Austrian state of Upper Austria, located 281 m above sea level on the river Enns, which forms the border with the state of Lower Austria....

  • Krems
  • Linz
    Linz is the third-largest city of Austria and capital of the state of Upper Austria . It is located in the north centre of Austria, approximately south of the Czech border, on both sides of the river Danube. The population of the city is , and that of the Greater Linz conurbation is about...

  • Vienna (via the Rhine-Main-Danube Canal
    Rhine-Main-Danube Canal
    The Rhine–Main–Danube Canal , located in Bavaria, Germany, connects the Main and the Danube rivers across the European Watershed, running from Bamberg via Nuremberg to Kelheim...

     and the port of Rotterdam
    Rotterdam is the second-largest city in the Netherlands and one of the largest ports in the world. Starting as a dam on the Rotte river, Rotterdam has grown into a major international commercial centre...

    in the Netherlands)


Austria has 55 airports and two heliport. Most airports in the country have short, unpaved runways and only one airport has paved runways longer than 10,000 feet.
Numbers of airports having runways of particular lengths (2008)
Length (meters) Length (feet) Total No. Airports Paved (No. Airports) Unpaved (No. Airports)
over 3,043 over 10,000 1 1 0
2,438 to 3,043 8,000 to 10,000 5 5 0
1,524 to 2,438 5,000 to 8,000 2 1 1
914 to 1,524 3,000 to 5,000 6 3 3
under 914 under 3,000 41 15 26
totals totals 55 25 30
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