Tawi-Tawi
Overview
 
Tawi-Tawi is an island province
Provinces of the Philippines
The Provinces of the Philippines are the primary political and administrative divisions of the Philippines. There are 80 provinces at present, further subdivided into component cities and municipalities. The National Capital Region, as well as independent cities, are autonomous from any provincial...

 of the Philippines
Philippines
The Philippines , officially known as the Republic of the Philippines , is a country in Southeast Asia in the western Pacific Ocean. To its north across the Luzon Strait lies Taiwan. West across the South China Sea sits Vietnam...

 located in the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao
Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao
The Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao is the region, located in the Mindanao island group of the Philippines, that is composed of predominantly Muslim provinces, namely: Basilan , Lanao del Sur, Maguindanao, Sulu and Tawi-Tawi. It is the only region that has its own government...

 (ARMM). The capital of Tawi-Tawi is Bongao. The province is the southernmost of the country sharing sea borders with the Malaysian State of Sabah and the Indonesian East Kalimantan
East Kalimantan
East Kalimantan is the second largest Indonesian province, located on the Kalimantan region on the east of Borneo island. The resource-rich province has two major cities, Samarinda and Balikpapan...

 province. To the northeast lies the province of Sulu and to the west is Sabah
Sabah
Sabah is one of 13 member states of Malaysia. It is located on the northern portion of the island of Borneo. It is the second largest state in the country after Sarawak, which it borders on its southwest. It also shares a border with the province of East Kalimantan of Indonesia in the south...

 in Malaysia. Tawi-Tawi also covers some islands in the Sulu Sea
Sulu Sea
The Sulu Sea is a body of water in the southwestern area of the Philippines, separated from the South China Sea in the northwest by Palawan and from the Celebes Sea in the southeast by the Sulu Archipelago. Borneo is found to the southwest and Visayas to the northeast.Sulu Sea contains a number of...

 to the northwest, the Cagayan de Tawi-Tawi Island
Mapun, Tawi-Tawi
Mapun is a 4th class remote municipality in the province of Tawi-Tawi, Philippines. According to the 2000 census, it has a population of 22,011 people in 3,492 households....

 and the Turtle Islands
Turtle Islands, Tawi-Tawi
Turtle Islands, also known as Turtle Isles, is a 5th class municipality composed of a remote group of seven islands in the province of Tawi-Tawi in the Southern Philippines.-Location:...

, just 20 kilometers away from Sabah.
Sibutu remained under Spanish rule until year 1900.

Tawi-Tawi was previously part of the province of Sulu.
Encyclopedia
Tawi-Tawi is an island province
Provinces of the Philippines
The Provinces of the Philippines are the primary political and administrative divisions of the Philippines. There are 80 provinces at present, further subdivided into component cities and municipalities. The National Capital Region, as well as independent cities, are autonomous from any provincial...

 of the Philippines
Philippines
The Philippines , officially known as the Republic of the Philippines , is a country in Southeast Asia in the western Pacific Ocean. To its north across the Luzon Strait lies Taiwan. West across the South China Sea sits Vietnam...

 located in the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao
Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao
The Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao is the region, located in the Mindanao island group of the Philippines, that is composed of predominantly Muslim provinces, namely: Basilan , Lanao del Sur, Maguindanao, Sulu and Tawi-Tawi. It is the only region that has its own government...

 (ARMM). The capital of Tawi-Tawi is Bongao. The province is the southernmost of the country sharing sea borders with the Malaysian State of Sabah and the Indonesian East Kalimantan
East Kalimantan
East Kalimantan is the second largest Indonesian province, located on the Kalimantan region on the east of Borneo island. The resource-rich province has two major cities, Samarinda and Balikpapan...

 province. To the northeast lies the province of Sulu and to the west is Sabah
Sabah
Sabah is one of 13 member states of Malaysia. It is located on the northern portion of the island of Borneo. It is the second largest state in the country after Sarawak, which it borders on its southwest. It also shares a border with the province of East Kalimantan of Indonesia in the south...

 in Malaysia. Tawi-Tawi also covers some islands in the Sulu Sea
Sulu Sea
The Sulu Sea is a body of water in the southwestern area of the Philippines, separated from the South China Sea in the northwest by Palawan and from the Celebes Sea in the southeast by the Sulu Archipelago. Borneo is found to the southwest and Visayas to the northeast.Sulu Sea contains a number of...

 to the northwest, the Cagayan de Tawi-Tawi Island
Mapun, Tawi-Tawi
Mapun is a 4th class remote municipality in the province of Tawi-Tawi, Philippines. According to the 2000 census, it has a population of 22,011 people in 3,492 households....

 and the Turtle Islands
Turtle Islands, Tawi-Tawi
Turtle Islands, also known as Turtle Isles, is a 5th class municipality composed of a remote group of seven islands in the province of Tawi-Tawi in the Southern Philippines.-Location:...

, just 20 kilometers away from Sabah.

History

Sibutu remained under Spanish rule until year 1900.

Tawi-Tawi was previously part of the province of Sulu. On September 11, 1973, pursuant to Presidential Decree No. 302, the new province of Tawi-Tawi was officially created, separate from Sulu. The seat of the provincial government was established in Bongao
Bongao, Tawi-Tawi
Bongao is a 3rd class municipality in the province of Tawi-Tawi, Philippines. According to the 2000 census, it has a population of 58,174 people in 10,146 households.-History:...

.

The name of Tawi-Tawi is a projection of the Malay word "jauh" meaning "far." Prehistoric travelers from the Asian mainland would repeat the word as "jaui-jaui" to mean "far away" because of the distance of the islands from the continent of Asia. The word "Tawi-Tawi" was picked up to later become the official name of the province.

Demographics

Most of the people in Tawi-Tawi belong to the Sama
Sama people
The Sama are an indigenous ethnic group of the Philippines and Malaysia. They are native to the Sulu Archipelago and can be found in large numbers throughout the Zamboanga Peninsula, Davao del Sur, and Sabah Malaysia...

 cultural group. Within this group are subgroups and named based on the location of the speaker. Sama Sibutu are those from the Sibutu-Sitangkai Island Group, Sama Simunul are those from Simunul-Manuk Mangkaw Island Group, and so on.

The Jama Mapun are largely found in the Cagayan Mapun and Turtle Island Group
Turtle Islands, Tawi-Tawi
Turtle Islands, also known as Turtle Isles, is a 5th class municipality composed of a remote group of seven islands in the province of Tawi-Tawi in the Southern Philippines.-Location:...

. Many of the people from the Turtle Islands and Cagayan Mapun maintain daily commerce with Sabah, since it is only 14 kilometers away.

The Badjao (also called "Sama Dilaut") are widely dispersed across the province. Though their population is diminishing due to diseases and migration to other areas in the Philippines, Malaysia and Indonesia.

The Tausog or Tau Sug, Orang Suluk or Aa Suk are migrants from the Sulu Province and came to Tawi-Tawi in search of better livelihood opportunities or run away from the seemingly unending conflict and violence in Sulu.

Language

The prevailing language is the indigenous Bahasa Sama which is widely used in varied tones and accents. This variety led to the development of Sinama dialects. The major ones are Sinama Sibutu (spoken mainly in the Sibutu-Sitangkai Region), Sinama Simunul (concentrated in Simunul-Manuk-Mangkaw Islands), Sinama Kapoan (spoken in the South Ubian-Tandubas and Sapa-Sapa Regions) and Sinama Banguingui (concentrated in Buan Island and spoken by Banguingui people).

The Βajau-Ѕama
Sama-Bajaw languages
The Sama–Bajaw languages are a well established group of languages spoken by the Bajau and Sama peoples of the Philippines and Malaysia, on Borneo and the Sulu Archipelago between Borneo and Mindanao.-Languages:*Abaknon/Inabaknon...

 language is also spoken, as are English
English language
English is a West Germanic language that arose in the Anglo-Saxon kingdoms of England and spread into what was to become south-east Scotland under the influence of the Anglian medieval kingdom of Northumbria...

 and Filipino
Filipino language
This move has drawn much criticism from other regional groups.In 1987, a new constitution introduced many provisions for the language.Article XIV, Section 6, omits any mention of Tagalog as the basis for Filipino, and states that:...

 (Tagalog
Tagalog language
Tagalog is an Austronesian language spoken as a first language by a third of the population of the Philippines and as a second language by most of the rest. It is the first language of the Philippine region IV and of Metro Manila...

). Many local locals and barter traders can speak Malay
Malay language
Malay is a major language of the Austronesian family. It is the official language of Malaysia , Indonesia , Brunei and Singapore...

 and Indonesian
Indonesian language
Indonesian is the official language of Indonesia. Indonesian is a normative form of the Riau Islands dialect of Malay, an Austronesian language which has been used as a lingua franca in the Indonesian archipelago for centuries....

. Zamboangueño Chavacano is also spoken by Christian and Muslim locals who maintain contacts and trade with the mainland Zamboanga Peninsula and Basilan.

Economy

Agriculture, fishing, and agar-agar farming are the leading source of livelihood of the people of Tawi-Tawi, with quite a number engaged in the barter trade business. Copra is the top agricultural produce, followed by root crops, fruits, and vegetables.

Transportation

Sanga-Sanga Airport
Sanga-Sanga Airport
Sanga-Sanga Airport , also known as Tawi-Tawi Airport, is an airport serving the general area of Bongao, the capital of the province of Tawi-Tawi in the Philippines...

, the main airport of the province, is located in the municipality of Bongao.

Cebu Pacific will begin operating daily flight from Zamboanga City to Tawi-Tawi Province starting October 14, 2011, utilizing its 150-seater Airbus A319 aircraft.

The oldest mosque in the Philippines can be found in Tawi-Tawi, as well as ethnic groups Sama, Jama Mapun, Tausug and Badjaos. It also serves as a gateway to Sabah, Malaysia.

Political

Tawi-Tawi is subdivided into 11 municipalities:
  • Bongao
    Bongao, Tawi-Tawi
    Bongao is a 3rd class municipality in the province of Tawi-Tawi, Philippines. According to the 2000 census, it has a population of 58,174 people in 10,146 households.-History:...

     is the capital of the province and a microcosm of religious and cultural diversity.
  • Languyan
    Languyan, Tawi-Tawi
    Languyan is a 3rd class municipality in the province of Tawi-Tawi, Philippines. According to the 2000 census, it has a population of 42,040 people in 7,771 households.-Barangays:Languyan is politically subdivided into 20 barangays.* Bakong...

     was created by then President Marcos for rebel leader Hadjiril Matba who decided to join the government fold in the 70s.
  • Mapun
    Mapun, Tawi-Tawi
    Mapun is a 4th class remote municipality in the province of Tawi-Tawi, Philippines. According to the 2000 census, it has a population of 22,011 people in 3,492 households....

     (Cagayan De Tawi-Tawi or Cagayan de Sulu)
  • Panglima Sugala
    Panglima Sugala, Tawi-Tawi
    Panglima Sugala is a 3rd class municipality in the province of Tawi-Tawi, Philippines. It is the capital municipality of Tawi-Tawi. According to the 2000 census, it has a population of 33,315 people in 5,406 households.-Barangays:...

     was formerly known as Balimbing
    Carambola
    Carambola, also known as starfruit, is the fruit of Averrhoa carambola, a species of tree native to the Philippines, Indonesia, Malaysia, India, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka. The fruit is a popular food throughout Southeast Asia, the South Pacific and parts of East Asia...

    . However, after the EDSA Revolution, the word "balimbing" got a rather derogatory definition as a turncoat
    Turncoat
    A turncoat is a person who shifts allegiance from one loyalty or ideal to another, betraying or deserting an original cause by switching to the opposing side or party...

     because of fruit's many sides.
  • Sapa-Sapa
    Sapa-Sapa, Tawi-Tawi
    Sapa-sapa is a 4th class municipality in the province of Tawi-Tawi, Philippines. According to the 2000 census, it has a population of 26,242 people in 4,322 households.-Barangays:Sapa-sapa is politically subdivided into 23 barangays....

  • Sibutu
    Sibutu, Tawi-Tawi
    Sibutu is a municipality in the province of Tawi-Tawi, Philippines. It is the southernmost municipality of the Philippines. It lies about 14 kilometers east of the coast of Sabah, Malaysia....

     is home to the descendants of Malay royalty in Borneo and not necessarily associated with the Sulu royalty.
  • Simunul
    Simunul, Tawi-Tawi
    Simunul is a 4th class municipality in the province of Tawi-Tawi, Philippines. According to the 2000 census, it has a population of 31,962 people in 4,910 households. The language spoken is Sama, also known as Sinama or Samal. The first Muslims in the Philippines are said to have arrived at...

     is the site of oldest Mosque in the Philippines and home of the revered Sheikh Makdum one of the early pioneers in the spread of the Islam
    Islam
    Islam . The most common are and .   : Arabic pronunciation varies regionally. The first vowel ranges from ~~. The second vowel ranges from ~~~...

    ic religion in the country.
  • Sitangkai
    Sitangkai, Tawi-Tawi
    Sitangkai is a 2nd class municipality in the province of Tawi-Tawi, the southernmost inhabited island of the Philippines. It is called the 'Venice of the Philippines' due to the use of boats as primary transportation, although footbridges connect one house from another...

     the southernmost municipality in the country; known as "Venice of the South"
  • South Ubian
    South Ubian, Tawi-Tawi
    South Ubian is a 4th class municipality in the province of Tawi-Tawi, Philippines. According to the 2000 census, it has a population of 27,301 people in 4,748 households.-Barangays:South Ubian is politically subdivided into 31 barangays.* Babagan...

  • Tandubas
    Tandubas, Tawi-Tawi
    Tandubas is a 3rd class municipality in the province of Tawi-Tawi, Philippines. According to the 2000 census, it has a population of 24,900 people in 3,935 households.-Brief history:...

  • Turtle Islands
    Turtle Islands, Tawi-Tawi
    Turtle Islands, also known as Turtle Isles, is a 5th class municipality composed of a remote group of seven islands in the province of Tawi-Tawi in the Southern Philippines.-Location:...

     are declared as turtle
    Turtle
    Turtles are reptiles of the order Testudines , characterised by a special bony or cartilaginous shell developed from their ribs that acts as a shield...

     sanctuaries
    Animal sanctuary
    An animal sanctuary is a facility where animals are brought to live and be protected for the rest of their lives. Unlike animal shelters, sanctuaries do not seek to place animals with individuals or groups, instead maintaining each animal until his or her natural death...

     and protected area
    Protected area
    Protected areas are locations which receive protection because of their recognised natural, ecological and/or cultural values. There are several kinds of protected areas, which vary by level of protection depending on the enabling laws of each country or the regulations of the international...

    s in the Philippines.

Most of the municipalities are located on the islands in the Sulu Archipelago
Sulu Archipelago
The Sulu Archipelago is a chain of islands in the southwestern Philippines. This archipelago is considered to be part of the Moroland by the local rebel independence movement. This island group forms the northern limit of the Celebes Sea....

. Two of them, Mapun
Mapun, Tawi-Tawi
Mapun is a 4th class remote municipality in the province of Tawi-Tawi, Philippines. According to the 2000 census, it has a population of 22,011 people in 3,492 households....

, and Turtle Islands
Turtle Islands, Tawi-Tawi
Turtle Islands, also known as Turtle Isles, is a 5th class municipality composed of a remote group of seven islands in the province of Tawi-Tawi in the Southern Philippines.-Location:...

 lie in the Sulu Sea
Sulu Sea
The Sulu Sea is a body of water in the southwestern area of the Philippines, separated from the South China Sea in the northwest by Palawan and from the Celebes Sea in the southeast by the Sulu Archipelago. Borneo is found to the southwest and Visayas to the northeast.Sulu Sea contains a number of...

. The municipalities are further subdivided into 203 barangay
Barangay
A barangay is the smallest administrative division in the Philippines and is the native Filipino term for a village, district or ward...

s.

Physical

Tawi-Tawi lies at the southwestern tip of the country. Irregular in shape, with splashes of white sandy beaches and rock-bound coasts, the province has 107 islands and islets with a combined land area of 1197 km² (462.2 sq mi).

The province has two seasons: dry and wet The climate is generally moderate. The wettest months are from August to November. The other months of the year are generally dry with occasional rain showers.

External links

The source of this article is wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.  The text of this article is licensed under the GFDL.
 
x
OK