A tart is a baked dish consisting of a filling over a pastry
Pastry is the name given to various kinds of baked products made from ingredients such as flour, sugar, milk, butter, shortening, baking powder and/or eggs. Small cakes, tarts and other sweet baked products are called "pastries."...

 base with an open top not covered with pastry. The pastry is usually shortcrust pastry
Shortcrust pastry
Shortcrust pastry is a type of pastry often used for the base of a tart or pie. It does not puff up during baking because it usually contains no leavening agent. It is possible to make shortcrust pastry with self-raising flour, however...

; the filling may be sweet or savoury, though modern tarts are usually fruit-based, sometimes with custard
Custard is a variety of culinary preparations based on a cooked mixture of milk or cream and egg yolk. Depending on how much egg or thickener is used, custard may vary in consistency from a thin pouring sauce , to a thick pastry cream used to fill éclairs. The most common custards are used as...


The categories of 'tart', 'flan
Crème caramel , flan , or caramel custard is a custard dessert with a layer of soft caramel on top, as opposed to crème brûlée, which is custard with a hard caramel top...

', and 'pie
A pie is a baked dish which is usually made of a pastry dough casing that covers or completely contains a filling of various sweet or savoury ingredients....

' overlap, with no sharp distinctions, though 'pie' is the more common term in the United States.

Early medieval tarts generally had meat fillings, but later ones were often based on fruit and custard.

Tarte Tatin
Tarte tatin
Tarte Tatin is an upside-down tart in which the fruit are caramelized in butter and sugar before the tart is baked.- History :...

is an upside-down tart, of apples, other fruit, or onions.

Savoury tarts include quiche
Quiche is a savory, open-faced pie of vegetables, cheese, or meat in custard, baked in a pastry crust.The quiche is sometimes regarded as the savoury equivalent ofegg custard tart.- Etymology:...

, a family of savoury tarts with a mostly custard filling; German zwiebelkuchen
Zwiebelkuchen, which literally means onion cake in the German language, is either a one-crust pie made of steamed onions, diced bacon, cream, and caraway seed on a yeast dough or a leavened dough that is particularly popular in the German winegrowing regions mostly of Rhenish Hesse, the Palatinate,...

 'onion tart', and Swiss cheese tart made from Gruyere
Gruyère (cheese)
Gruyère is a hard yellow cheese, named after the town of Gruyères in Switzerland, and originated in the cantons of Fribourg, Vaud, Neuchâtel, Jura, and Berne...

A tart can also be term for a prostitute or promiscous women.

See also

  • Bakewell tart
    Bakewell tart
    The Bakewell Tart, not to be confused with the Bakewell Pudding, is a shortcrust pastry with a layer of jam and a sponge filling with almonds. The Bakewell Pudding on the other hand is a flaky pastry, with a layer of jam and an egg and almond filling. The tart then can be covered with a layer of...

  • Butter tart
    Butter tart
    A butter tart is a type of small pastry tart highly regarded in Canadian cuisine and considered one of Canada's quintessential desserts. The tart consists of butter, sugar, syrup, and egg filled into a flaky pastry and baked until the filling is semi-solid with a crunchy top.The butter tart should...

  • Custard tart
    Custard tart
    Custard tarts or flans pâtissier are a pastry consisting of an outer pastry crust filled with egg custard and baked.-History:The development of custard is so intimately connected with the custard tart or pie that the word itself comes from the old French croustade, meaning a kind of pie...

  • Egg tart
    Egg tart
    The egg tart or egg custard tart is a kind of custard tart pastry commonly found in Hong Kong and other Asian countries, which consists of an outer pastry crust that is filled with egg custard and baked...

  • Gypsy tart
    Gypsy tart
    A gypsy tart is a type of pie made with evaporated milk, muscovado sugar , and pie crust. It originates from the County of Kent in England...

  • Manchester tart
    Manchester tart
    The Manchester tart is a traditional English baked tart, which consists of a shortcrust pastry shell, spread with raspberry jam, covered with a custard filling and topped with flakes of coconut and a Maraschino cherry...

  • Neenish tart
    Neenish tart
    A neenish tart, is a tart made with a pastry base, sweet gelatine-set cream, mock cream, or icing sugar paste filling, sometimes with jam, and dried icing on top in two colours, half one colour and half the other. The 2-coloured icings are usually brown and white , pink icing and white, or even...

  • Treacle tart
    Treacle tart
    Treacle tart is a traditional English dessert. It is made using shortcrust pastry, with a thick filling made of golden syrup, also known as light treacle, breadcrumbs, and lemon juice. The tart is normally served hot or warm with a scoop of clotted cream, ordinary cream, ice cream or custard...

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