Swedish Academy
Overview
 
The Swedish Academy founded in 1786 by King Gustav III
Gustav III of Sweden
Gustav III was King of Sweden from 1771 until his death. He was the eldest son of King Adolph Frederick and Queen Louise Ulrica of Sweden, she a sister of Frederick the Great of Prussia....

, is one of the Royal Academies
Swedish Royal Academies
The Royal Academies are independent organisations, founded on Royal command, that act to promote the arts, culture, and science in Sweden. The Swedish Academy and Academy of Sciences are also responsible for the selection of Nobel Prize laureates in Literature, Physics, Chemistry, and the Prize in...

 of Sweden
Sweden
Sweden , officially the Kingdom of Sweden , is a Nordic country on the Scandinavian Peninsula in Northern Europe. Sweden borders with Norway and Finland and is connected to Denmark by a bridge-tunnel across the Öresund....

.
The Swedish Academy was founded in 1786 by King Gustav III
Gustav III of Sweden
Gustav III was King of Sweden from 1771 until his death. He was the eldest son of King Adolph Frederick and Queen Louise Ulrica of Sweden, she a sister of Frederick the Great of Prussia....

. Modelled after the Académie française
Académie française
L'Académie française , also called the French Academy, is the pre-eminent French learned body on matters pertaining to the French language. The Académie was officially established in 1635 by Cardinal Richelieu, the chief minister to King Louis XIII. Suppressed in 1793 during the French Revolution,...

, it has 18 members. The motto of the Academy is "Talent and Taste" ("Snille och Smak" in Swedish). The primary purpose of the Academy is to further the "purity, strength, and sublimity of the Swedish language
Swedish language
Swedish is a North Germanic language, spoken by approximately 10 million people, predominantly in Sweden and parts of Finland, especially along its coast and on the Åland islands. It is largely mutually intelligible with Norwegian and Danish...

" ("Svenska Språkets renhet, styrka och höghet") (Walshe, 1965).
Discussions
Encyclopedia
The Swedish Academy founded in 1786 by King Gustav III
Gustav III of Sweden
Gustav III was King of Sweden from 1771 until his death. He was the eldest son of King Adolph Frederick and Queen Louise Ulrica of Sweden, she a sister of Frederick the Great of Prussia....

, is one of the Royal Academies
Swedish Royal Academies
The Royal Academies are independent organisations, founded on Royal command, that act to promote the arts, culture, and science in Sweden. The Swedish Academy and Academy of Sciences are also responsible for the selection of Nobel Prize laureates in Literature, Physics, Chemistry, and the Prize in...

 of Sweden
Sweden
Sweden , officially the Kingdom of Sweden , is a Nordic country on the Scandinavian Peninsula in Northern Europe. Sweden borders with Norway and Finland and is connected to Denmark by a bridge-tunnel across the Öresund....

.

History

The Swedish Academy was founded in 1786 by King Gustav III
Gustav III of Sweden
Gustav III was King of Sweden from 1771 until his death. He was the eldest son of King Adolph Frederick and Queen Louise Ulrica of Sweden, she a sister of Frederick the Great of Prussia....

. Modelled after the Académie française
Académie française
L'Académie française , also called the French Academy, is the pre-eminent French learned body on matters pertaining to the French language. The Académie was officially established in 1635 by Cardinal Richelieu, the chief minister to King Louis XIII. Suppressed in 1793 during the French Revolution,...

, it has 18 members. The motto of the Academy is "Talent and Taste" ("Snille och Smak" in Swedish). The primary purpose of the Academy is to further the "purity, strength, and sublimity of the Swedish language
Swedish language
Swedish is a North Germanic language, spoken by approximately 10 million people, predominantly in Sweden and parts of Finland, especially along its coast and on the Åland islands. It is largely mutually intelligible with Norwegian and Danish...

" ("Svenska Språkets renhet, styrka och höghet") (Walshe, 1965). To that end the Academy publishes two dictionaries
Dictionary
A dictionary is a collection of words in one or more specific languages, often listed alphabetically, with usage information, definitions, etymologies, phonetics, pronunciations, and other information; or a book of words in one language with their equivalents in another, also known as a lexicon...

.

The first is a one-volume dictionary called Svenska Akademiens ordlista
Svenska Akademiens Ordlista
Svenska Akademiens ordlista, or SAOL for short, is a dictionary published every few years by the Swedish Academy. It is a single volume that is considered the final arbiter of Swedish spelling...

(SAOL). The second is a multi-volume dictionary, edited on principles similar to those of the Oxford English Dictionary
Oxford English Dictionary
The Oxford English Dictionary , published by the Oxford University Press, is the self-styled premier dictionary of the English language. Two fully bound print editions of the OED have been published under its current name, in 1928 and 1989. The first edition was published in twelve volumes , and...

, entitled Svenska Akademiens ordbok
Svenska Akademiens Ordbok
Svenska Akademiens ordbok is a dictionary published by the Swedish Academy, with the official title Ordbok över svenska språket utgiven av Svenska Akademien...

(SAOB). The SAOL has reached its 13th edition while the first volume of the SAOB was published in 1898 and today work has progressed to words beginning with the letter "T".

Since 1901, the Academy has annually decided who will be the laureate for the Nobel Prize in Literature
Nobel Prize in Literature
Since 1901, the Nobel Prize in Literature has been awarded annually to an author from any country who has, in the words from the will of Alfred Nobel, produced "in the field of literature the most outstanding work in an ideal direction"...

, awarded in memory of the donor Alfred Nobel
Alfred Nobel
Alfred Bernhard Nobel was a Swedish chemist, engineer, innovator, and armaments manufacturer. He is the inventor of dynamite. Nobel also owned Bofors, which he had redirected from its previous role as primarily an iron and steel producer to a major manufacturer of cannon and other armaments...

. The Academy also awards the Dobloug Prize
Dobloug Prize
The Dobloug Prize is a literature prize awarded for Swedish and Norwegian fiction. The prize is named after Norwegian businessman and philanthropist Birger Dobloug pursuant to his bequest. The prize sum is . The Dobloug Prize is awarded annually by the Swedish Academy.-Prize winners:...

, a literature prize awarded for Swedish and Norwegian fiction.

The building now known as the Stockholm Stock Exchange Building
Stockholm Stock Exchange Building
The Stock Exchange Building is a building originally erected for, and is still owned by, the Swedish Academy, located on the north side of the square Stortorget in Gamla stan, the old town in central Stockholm, Sweden....

 was built for the bourgeoisie. The bottom floor was used as a trading exchange (this later became the stock exchange) and the upper floor was used for balls, New Year's Eve parties, etc. When the academy was founded, the ballroom was the biggest room in Stockholm that could be heated and thus used in the winter, so the king asked if he could borrow it.
The academy has had its annual meeting there every year since, but it was not until 1914 the academy gained the right to use the upper floor as their own for all eternity. It is here that the Academy meets and, amongst other business, announces the names of Nobel Prize
Nobel Prize
The Nobel Prizes are annual international awards bestowed by Scandinavian committees in recognition of cultural and scientific advances. The will of the Swedish chemist Alfred Nobel, the inventor of dynamite, established the prizes in 1895...

 laureates. The latter makes it arguably one of the most influential literary bodies in the world.

Dag Hammarskjöld's former farm at Backåkra, close to Ystad in southern Sweden, was bought in 1957 as a summer residence by Hammarskjöld, then Secretary-General of the United Nations (1953-1961). The south wing of the farm is reserved as a summer retreat for the 18 members of the Swedish Academy, of which Hammarskjöld was a member.

Current members

See also: List of all members, past and present, of the Swedish Academy


The current permanent secretary of the Academy is Peter Englund
Peter Englund
Peter Englund is a Swedish author and historian, and the permanent secretary of the Swedish Academy since 1 June 2009.-Biography:...

, who was preceded by Horace Engdahl
Horace Engdahl
Horace Oscar Axel Engdahl is a Swedish literary historian and critic, and has been a member of the Swedish Academy since 1997. He was the permanent secretary of the Swedish Academy, i.e. its spokesman, from 1999 to June 2009, when he was succeeded by historian Peter Englund.-Biography:Engdahl was...

. The current members of the Swedish Academy listed by seat number :
SeatMember of the AcademyBornElect.Notes
1. Lotta Lotass
Lotta Lotass
Britt Inger Liselott Lotass, better known as Lotta Lotass, is a Swedish writer. She holds a PhD of Comparative literature from the University of Gothenburg, and lives in Gothenburg, Sweden....

 
1964 2009
2. Bo Ralph
Bo Ralph
Professor Bo Rune Ingemar Ralph is a Swedish linguist, member of the Swedish Academy, and professor of Nordic Languages at the Department of Swedish Language at Gothenburg University. He was elected to the Swedish Academy on 15 April 1999 and admitted on 20 December 1999...

1945 1999
3. Sture Allén
Sture Allén
Sture Allén is a Swedish retired professor of computational linguistics at the University of Gothenburg, who was the permanent secretary of the Swedish Academy between 1986 and 1999. He was elected to chair 3 of the Swedish Academy in 1980. He is a member of the Norwegian Academy of Science and...

1928 1980 Permanent secretary 1986-1999
4. Anders Olsson
Anders Olsson
Anders Olsson is a Swedish writer, professor of literature at Stockholm University, literary critic and member of the Swedish Academy...

 
1949 2008
5. Göran Malmqvist
Göran Malmqvist
Professor Nils Göran David Malmqvist is a Swedish linguist, member of the Swedish Academy , literary historian, sinologist and translator.-Biography:...

1924 1985
6. Tomas Riad
Tomas Riad
Tomas Riad is a Swedish linguist, specialised in Swedish phonology and prosody. He received his Ph.D. from Stockholm University in 1992 and is professor at the Department of Scandinavian languages there. Riad is also a violinist, trained at the Royal College of Music in London and has worked as a...

1959 2011 active from 20 December 2011
7. Knut Ahnlund
Knut Ahnlund
Knut Emil Ahnlund is a Swedish literary historian, writer, and member of the Swedish Academy.Ahnlund is an expert on 19th and 20th century Nordic, especially Danish, literature. He wrote his doctoral dissertation on Henrik Pontoppidan, and has later written on Gustav Wied and Sven Lidman, among...

1923 1983 Inactive
8. Jesper Svenbro
Jesper Svenbro
Jesper Svenbro is a Swedish poet, classical philologist, and member of the Swedish Academy.Svenbro was educated at Lund University, where he was awarded a Ph.D. in 1976 for his dissertation La parole et le marbre: aux origines de la poétique grecque, on the origin of ancient Greek poetics...

1944 2006
9. Torgny Lindgren
Torgny Lindgren
Gustav Torgny Lindgren is a Swedish writer.Lindgren is the son of Andreas Lindgren and Helga Björk. He studied in Umeå to become a teacher and worked as a teacher until the middle of the 1970s. He was for several years active as a local politician for the Swedish Social Democratic Party...

1938 1991
10. Peter Englund
Peter Englund
Peter Englund is a Swedish author and historian, and the permanent secretary of the Swedish Academy since 1 June 2009.-Biography:...

1957 2002 Permanent secretary 2009-
11. Ulf Linde
Ulf Linde
Professor Ulf Harald Linde , is an art critic, writer, museum director and a member of the Swedish Academy. He was elected to the Swedish Academy on 10 February 1977 and admitted on 20 December 1977. Ulf Linde succeeded the writer Eyvind Johnson to Seat No.11. Linde was the director of the in...

1929 1977
12. Per Wästberg
Per Wästberg
Per Wästberg is a Swedish writer and a member of the Swedish Academy since 1997.Wästberg was born in Stockholm, son of Erik Wästberg and his wife Greta née Hirsch, and holds a degree in literature from Uppsala University...

1933 1997
13. Gunnel Vallquist
Gunnel Vallquist
Gunnel Vallquist is a Swedish writer and translator. Born in Stockholm, Vallquist was elected member of the Swedish Academy in 1982. Gunnel Vallquist is of the Catholic Church and has written several essays on Catholic religion of our time, among them reports from the Second Vatican Council...

1918 1982
14. Kristina Lugn
Kristina Lugn
Gunhild Bricken Kristina Lugn is a Swedish poet and dramatist and member of the Swedish Academy. She was born in Tierp, Uppland and was raised in Skövde, Västergötland, and after finishing her academic education she has devoted her time to poetry, as literary critic and a playwright. Since 1972...

1948 2006
15. Kerstin Ekman
Kerstin Ekman
Kerstin Lillemor Ekman is a Swedish novelist.Kerstin Ekman wrote a string of successful detective novels but later went on to psychological and social themes...

1933 1978 Inactive
16. Kjell Espmark
Kjell Espmark
Professor Kjell Erik Espmark , is a writer, literary historian, member of the Swedish Academy and Professor of the History of Literature at Stockholm University. He was elected to the Swedish Academy on 5 March 1981 and admitted on 20 December 1981. Kjell Espmark succeeded the linguist Elias Wessén...

1930 1981
17. Horace Engdahl
Horace Engdahl
Horace Oscar Axel Engdahl is a Swedish literary historian and critic, and has been a member of the Swedish Academy since 1997. He was the permanent secretary of the Swedish Academy, i.e. its spokesman, from 1999 to June 2009, when he was succeeded by historian Peter Englund.-Biography:Engdahl was...

1948 1997 Permanent secretary 1999-2009
18. Katarina Frostenson
Katarina Frostenson
Katarina Frostenson is a Swedish poet and writer. She was elected a member of the Swedish Academy in 1992. In 2003, Frostenson was made a Chevalier of the Légion d'Honneur in recognition of her services to literature....

1953 1992


Permanent secretaries

Order Seat Permanent Secretary of the AcademyBornYearsNotes
1. 11. Nils von Rosenstein
Nils von Rosenstein
Nils von Rosenstein was a Swedish civil servant and propagator for enlightenment thinking. He served as tutor to the future King Gustav IV Adolf for eleven years and as permanent secretary of the Swedish Academy since 1786. He was a son of the physician Professor Nils Rosén von Rosenstein.-Notes:...

 
1752 1786-1824
2. 13. Frans Michael Franzén
Frans Michael Franzén
Frans Michael Franzén was a Swedish and Finnish poet.-Biography:Franzén was born in Oulu , Northern Ostrobothnia, Finland, which at the time was an integral part of Sweden. At thirteen he entered the Royal Academy of Turku, where he attended the lectures of Henrik Gabriel Porthan , a pioneer in...

1772 1824-1834
3. 12. Bernhard von Beskow
Bernhard von Beskow
Bernhard von Beskow , Swedish dramatist and historian, was the son of a Stockholm merchant....

1796 1834-1868
4. 5. Johan Erik Rydqvist  1800 1868-1869 pro temporare
5. 15. Ludvig Manderström 1806 1869-1872
6. 12. Carl Gustaf Strandberg  1825 1872-1874 pro temporare
7. 9. Henning Hamilton
Henning Hamilton
Henning Ludvig Hugo Hamilton, born January 16 1814 in Stockholm, Sweden, deceased January 15 1886 in Amélie-les-Bains, France, was a Swedish count, politician, government official and author. His father was Gustaf Wathier Hamilton...

1814 1874-1881
8. 11. Bror Emil Hildebrand
Bror Emil Hildebrand
Bror Emil Hildebrand was a Swedish archaeologist, numismatist and museum director. From 1837 to 1879 he was Custodian of Ancient Monuments and Secretary of the Royal Swedish Academy of Letters. From 1847 he was a member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences and from 1866 a member of the Swedish...

 
1806 1881-1883 pro temporare
9. 8. Carl David af Wirsén
Carl David af Wirsén
Carl David af Wirsén was a Swedish poet, literary critic and the Swedish Academy's permanent secretary from 1884-1912.-Career:Wirsén was born in Vallentuna, Upland, to Karl Ture af Wirsén and Eleonore von Schulzenheim....

 
1842 1883-1912 pro temporare in 1883-84
10. 6. Hans Hildebrand
Hans Hildebrand
Hans Olof Hildebrand Hildebrand was a Swedish archeologist. Born in Stockholm, he was the son of Bror Emil Hildebrand and Anna Mathilda Ekecrantz...

1842 1912 pro temporare
11. 11. Erik Axel Karlfeldt
Erik Axel Karlfeldt
Erik Axel Karlfeldt was a Swedish poet whose highly symbolist poetry masquerading as regionalism was popular and won him the Nobel Prize in Literature posthumously in 1931. It has been rumored that he had been offered, but declined, the award already in 1919.Karlfeldt was born into a farmer's...

 
1864 1913-1931
12. 14. Per Hallström
Per Hallström
Per Hallström was a Swedish author, short-story writer, dramatist, poet and member of the Swedish Academy. He joined the academy in 1908, and served as its Permanent Secretary from 1931 to 1941. Before devoting himself to writing, Hallström worked in London and Chicago as a chemist...

 
1866 1931-1941
13. 13. Anders Österling  1884 1941-1964
14. 7. Karl Ragnar Gierow  1904 1964-1977
15. 14. Lars Gyllensten
Lars Gyllensten
Lars Johan Wictor Gyllensten was a Swedish author and physician, and a member of the Swedish Academy, which has the aim of furthering the "purity, vigour and majesty" of the Swedish language and selects the recipient of the Nobel Prize for Literature each year.Gyllensten was born and grew up in a...

 
1921 1977-1986
16. 16. Sture Allén
Sture Allén
Sture Allén is a Swedish retired professor of computational linguistics at the University of Gothenburg, who was the permanent secretary of the Swedish Academy between 1986 and 1999. He was elected to chair 3 of the Swedish Academy in 1980. He is a member of the Norwegian Academy of Science and...

 
1928 1986-1999
17. 17. Horace Engdahl
Horace Engdahl
Horace Oscar Axel Engdahl is a Swedish literary historian and critic, and has been a member of the Swedish Academy since 1997. He was the permanent secretary of the Swedish Academy, i.e. its spokesman, from 1999 to June 2009, when he was succeeded by historian Peter Englund.-Biography:Engdahl was...

1948 1999-2009
18. 10. Peter Englund
Peter Englund
Peter Englund is a Swedish author and historian, and the permanent secretary of the Swedish Academy since 1 June 2009.-Biography:...

1957 2009-

Other sources

  • Walshe, Maurice O'Connell (1965). "Introduction to the Scandinavian Languages", Andre Deutsch Ltd., 1st edition, p. 57

External links

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