Sohar
Overview
 
Sohar is the most developed city in Sultanate of Oman outside the capital Muscat
Muscat, Oman
Muscat is the capital of Oman. It is also the seat of government and largest city in the Governorate of Muscat. As of 2008, the population of the Muscat metropolitan area was 1,090,797. The metropolitan area spans approximately and includes six provinces called wilayats...

. It is about 200 kilometers north of Muscat. Sohar was an ancient capital of Oman and many believe it to be the birthplace of Sinbad the Sailor
Sinbad the Sailor
Sinbad the Sailor is a fictional sailor from Basrah, living during the Abbasid Caliphate – the hero of a story-cycle of Middle Eastern origin...

. Having a rich sailing history, Sohar was traditionally a fishing town, but is more recently known as Oman's industrial hub due to the massive developments in the Sohar Industrial Port http://www.portofsohar.com.

Sohar is the fifth most populated city in Oman with a population of 140,006 according to the results of the 2010 census.
Sohar is currently experiencing significant investment and economic shifts making it the focus of attention of many local and international investors and businessmen.
Encyclopedia
Sohar is the most developed city in Sultanate of Oman outside the capital Muscat
Muscat, Oman
Muscat is the capital of Oman. It is also the seat of government and largest city in the Governorate of Muscat. As of 2008, the population of the Muscat metropolitan area was 1,090,797. The metropolitan area spans approximately and includes six provinces called wilayats...

. It is about 200 kilometers north of Muscat. Sohar was an ancient capital of Oman and many believe it to be the birthplace of Sinbad the Sailor
Sinbad the Sailor
Sinbad the Sailor is a fictional sailor from Basrah, living during the Abbasid Caliphate – the hero of a story-cycle of Middle Eastern origin...

. Having a rich sailing history, Sohar was traditionally a fishing town, but is more recently known as Oman's industrial hub due to the massive developments in the Sohar Industrial Port http://www.portofsohar.com.

Sohar is the fifth most populated city in Oman with a population of 140,006 according to the results of the 2010 census.

Industry

Sohar is currently experiencing significant investment and economic shifts making it the focus of attention of many local and international investors and businessmen. This change is due to a series of investment projects and economic giant in Sohar industrial area where Port of Sohar
Port of Sohar
Port of Sohar, also known as Sohar Industrial Port, is situated in the Al Batinah Region of Oman. It is a joint venture between the Omani government and the Port of Rotterdam. The port is operated by Sohar Industrial Port Company ....

 is located. Established in 2002, the port has a strategic importance due to its nearness to the Strait of Hormuz
Strait of Hormuz
The Strait of Hormuz is a narrow, strategically important waterway between the Gulf of Oman in the southeast and the Persian Gulf. On the north coast is Iran and on the south coast is the United Arab Emirates and Musandam, an exclave of Oman....

. It is operated by Sohar Industrial Port Company (SIPC)and it is considered a world class port. With current investments exceeding $12 billion, it is one of the world’s largest port development projects.

The Omani government has paid special attention to the city of Sohar, and placed it in the priorities of the future plan of the Omani economy in 2020. The goal of the Omani government is to make Sohar a business and industrial hub and help the Omani economy diversify away from oil. In order for the Omani economy to achieve this economic diversification, the Omani government is investing in a number of projects in the industrial area of Sohar. For example, it is investing more than 5 billion dollars in the steel industry in which Oman aims to be one of the Gulf Cooperation Council's leading producers. In addition to the steel industry, there is also the industry of aluminium in Sohar industrial area. Sohar Aluminium Company was established in 2004 and it is considered one of the leading projects that play a major role in the sultanate’s economic diversification strategy.

Education

Sohar has four high educational institutes:
  • Sohar University
    Sohar University
    Sohar University was established by Royal Decree in 2001, and was incorporated by decree of the Oman Ministry of Higher Education, dated 11 September 2001, as the first private university in Oman...

     - a private university in association with the University of Queensland. http://www.soharuni.edu.om/
  • The College of Applied Sciences - a government owned college.http://www.cas.edu.om/
  • Oman Medical College - a private university in association with West Virginia University School of Medicine. http://www.omc.edu.om/
  • International Maritime College Oman. http://www.imco.edu.om/imco2/

Parks

Sohar has two main parks. The first is Sohar Park, which is located in Al Humbar. The second is the Silver Jubilee Park which is located in Sallan.

Shopping

Sohar has a traditional Souk in the town center, and another traditional shopping market in Al Hujra near the Sohar Fort.

There are also a number of modern shopping malls and hypermarkets: the Lulu Supermarket was destroyed by fire after arsonists set fire to it during the Arab Spring
Arab Spring
The Arab Spring , otherwise known as the Arab Awakening, is a revolutionary wave of demonstrations and protests occurring in the Arab world that began on Saturday, 18 December 2010...

 demos in February however, Safeer Mall, Mars Hypermarket, Al Maya, and Centerpoint all continue to serve the community. Safeer Center boasts its new (June 2011) anchor tenant Carrefour.

Hotels

There are four hotels in Sohar:
  • Crowne Plaza Sohar - A 5-star business operated by the InterContinental Hotels Group
    InterContinental Hotels Group
    InterContinental Hotels Group plc is a global hotels company headquartered in Denham, United Kingdom. It is the largest hotels company in the world measured by rooms , and has over 4,500 hotels across over 100 countries...

     hotel at the borders of the city near Al Buraimi. http://www.ichotelsgroup.com/h/d/cp/1/en/hotel/SORCP?hotelCode=SORCP
  • Sohar Beach Hotel - A beach resort in the heart of the city. http://www.soharbeach.com/
  • Al Wadi Hotel - A mid-range hotel near Salan area.
  • The Green Oasis Hotel - a budget hotel near the Sohar Hospital and opposite the Oman Medical College on Al Muwaylah Road.
  • Palm Gardens-located near Al Fair Hypermarket.

In addition to these hotels there are several touristic Hotel apartments around the city such as Butterfly Hotel Suites and others.

Sports and Leisure

The city has the Sohar Regional Sports Complex
Sohar Regional Sports Complex
Sohar Regional Sports Complex is a multi-use stadium in Sohar, Oman. It is currently used mostly for football matches and is the home ground of Sohar Club of the Omani League. The stadium has a capacity of 19,000 spectators.-External links:*...

 and the Sohar Plaza Cinema.

Main Landmarks

  • Globe Roundabout
    Globe Roundabout
    Globe Roundabout is a roundabout in the Sultanate of Oman, located in the industrial city of Sohar. The roundabout is famous for being the center of 2011 Omani protests....

  • Sohar Gate
  • Bahjat Al Anthar (The Sultan's Palace in Sohar)
  • Sohar Fort
  • Bull Fighting Arena
  • Handcrafts Market
  • Fish Market
  • Sohar Amusement Center.
The source of this article is wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.  The text of this article is licensed under the GFDL.
 
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