Ski jumping
Overview
 
Ski jumping is a sport in which skiers go down a take-off ramp, jump and attempt to land as far as possible down the hill below. In addition to the length of the jump, judges give points for style. The skis used for ski jumping are wide and long (260 to 275 cm (102.4 to 108.3 in)). Ski jumping is predominantly a winter sport
Winter sport
A winter sport is a sport which is played on snow or ice. Most such sports are variations of skiing, ice skating and sledding. Traditionally such sports were only played in cold areas during winter, but artificial snow and ice allow more flexibility...

, performed on snow, and is part of the Winter Olympic Games
Winter Olympic Games
The Winter Olympic Games is a sporting event, which occurs every four years. The first celebration of the Winter Olympics was held in Chamonix, France, in 1924. The original sports were alpine and cross-country skiing, figure skating, ice hockey, Nordic combined, ski jumping and speed skating...

, but can also be performed in summer on artificial surfaces – porcelain or frost rail track on the inrun, plastic on the landing hill.
True ski jumping originates in Morgedal
Morgedal
Morgedal, of the municipality of Kviteseid in the county of Telemark Norway, is called the cradle of skiing.Morgedal, Norway is a village whose most famous residents were Sondre Norheim, known to be the father of modern skiing plus Torjus Hemmestveit and Mikkjel Hemmestveit...

, Norway
Norway
Norway , officially the Kingdom of Norway, is a Nordic unitary constitutional monarchy whose territory comprises the western portion of the Scandinavian Peninsula, Jan Mayen, and the Arctic archipelago of Svalbard and Bouvet Island. Norway has a total area of and a population of about 4.9 million...

.
Encyclopedia
Ski jumping is a sport in which skiers go down a take-off ramp, jump and attempt to land as far as possible down the hill below. In addition to the length of the jump, judges give points for style. The skis used for ski jumping are wide and long (260 to 275 cm (102.4 to 108.3 in)). Ski jumping is predominantly a winter sport
Winter sport
A winter sport is a sport which is played on snow or ice. Most such sports are variations of skiing, ice skating and sledding. Traditionally such sports were only played in cold areas during winter, but artificial snow and ice allow more flexibility...

, performed on snow, and is part of the Winter Olympic Games
Winter Olympic Games
The Winter Olympic Games is a sporting event, which occurs every four years. The first celebration of the Winter Olympics was held in Chamonix, France, in 1924. The original sports were alpine and cross-country skiing, figure skating, ice hockey, Nordic combined, ski jumping and speed skating...

, but can also be performed in summer on artificial surfaces – porcelain or frost rail track on the inrun, plastic on the landing hill.

History

True ski jumping originates in Morgedal
Morgedal
Morgedal, of the municipality of Kviteseid in the county of Telemark Norway, is called the cradle of skiing.Morgedal, Norway is a village whose most famous residents were Sondre Norheim, known to be the father of modern skiing plus Torjus Hemmestveit and Mikkjel Hemmestveit...

, Norway
Norway
Norway , officially the Kingdom of Norway, is a Nordic unitary constitutional monarchy whose territory comprises the western portion of the Scandinavian Peninsula, Jan Mayen, and the Arctic archipelago of Svalbard and Bouvet Island. Norway has a total area of and a population of about 4.9 million...

. Olaf Rye
Olaf Rye
Olaf Rye was a Norwegian-Danish military officer. He served as a major-general and played a decisive role in the 1849 Battle of Fredericia which broke the Schleswig-Holstein siege of the town. He died during this battle and is considered a Danish war hero...

, a Norwegian lieutenant, was the first known ski jumper. In 1809, he launched himself 9.5 metres in the air in front of an audience of other soldiers. By 1862, ski jumpers were tackling much larger jumps and traveling longer. Norway's Sondre Norheim
Sondre Norheim
Sondre Norheim, born Sondre Auverson, was a Norwegian skier and pioneer of modern skiing. Sondre Norheim is known as the father of Telemark skiing.-Background:...

 jumped 30 metres over a rock without the benefit of poles. His record stood for three decades. The first proper competition was held in Trysil
Trysil
Trysil is a municipality in Hedmark county, Norway. It is part of the traditional region of Østerdalen. The administrative centre of the municipality is the village of Innbygda...

. The first widely known ski jumping competition was the Husebyrennene, held in Oslo
Oslo
Oslo is a municipality, as well as the capital and most populous city in Norway. As a municipality , it was established on 1 January 1838. Founded around 1048 by King Harald III of Norway, the city was largely destroyed by fire in 1624. The city was moved under the reign of Denmark–Norway's King...

 in 1879, with Olaf Haugann of Norway setting the first world record for the longest ski jump at 20 metres. The annual event was moved to Holmenkollen
Holmenkollen ski jump
Holmenkollbakken is a large ski jumping hill located at Holmenkollen in Oslo, Norway. It has a hill size of HS134, a construction point of K-120, and a capacity for 30,000 spectators. Holmenkollen has hosted the Holmenkollen Ski Festival since 1892, which since 1980 have been part of the FIS Ski...

 from 1892, and Holmenkollen has remained the pinnacle of ski jumping venues.

According to the International Olympic Committee's site:
Ski jumping has been part of the Olympic Winter Games since the first Games in Chamonix Mont-Blanc
Chamonix
Chamonix-Mont-Blanc or, more commonly, Chamonix is a commune in the Haute-Savoie département in the Rhône-Alpes region in south-eastern France. It was the site of the 1924 Winter Olympics, the first Winter Olympics...

 in 1924. The Large Hill competition was included on the Olympic programme for the 1964 Olympic Games in Innsbruck.

Competition

Today, FIS Ski Jumping World Cup are held on three types of hills:

Normal hill competitions
for which the calculation line is found at approximately 80–100 m (262.5–328.1 ft). Distances of up to and over 110 metres (360.9 ft) can be reached.

Large hill competitions
for which the calculation line is found at approximately 120–130 m (393.7–426.5 ft). Distances of over 145 metres (475.7 ft) can be obtained on the larger hills. Both individual and team competitions are run on these hills.

Ski-flying competitions
for which the calculation line is found at 185 metres (607 ft). The Ski Flying World Record of 246.5 metres (808.7 ft) is held by Johan Remen Evensen
Johan Remen Evensen
Johan Remen Evensen is a Norwegian ski jumper from Molde. A late bloomer, Evensen made his World Cup debut during the 2008–09 season at age 23, and earned a place in the Norwegian World Cup team following consecutive top-12 finishes at Granåsen...

, and was set in Vikersundbakken
Vikersundbakken
Vikersundbakken is the only ski flying hill in the Nordic countries. With a hill and world record of 246,5 meters, Vikersundbakken is the world's largest ski jumping hill....

, Norway in February 2011.


Amateur and junior competitions are held on smaller hills.

Individual Olympic competition
Ski jumping at the Winter Olympics
Ski jumping has been included in the program of every Winter Olympic Games. From 1924 through 1956, the competition involved jumping from one hill whose length varied from each edition games to the next. Most historians have placed this length at 70 meters and have classified this as the large hill...

 consists of a training jump and two scored jumps. The team event consists of four members of the same nation, who each jump twice.

Ski jumping is one of the two elements of the Nordic combined
Nordic combined
The Nordic combined is a winter sport in which athletes compete in both cross-country skiing and ski jumping.- History :While Norwegian soldiers are known to have been competing in Nordic skiing since the 19th century, the first major competition in Nordic combined was held in 1892 in Oslo at the...

 sport.

Summer jumping

Ski jumping can also be performed in the summer on a porcelain track and plastic grass combined with water. There are also many competitions during the summer. The World Cup (Summer Grand Prix) often includes those hills:
  • Hinterzarten
    Hinterzarten
    Hinterzarten is a resort village in the Black Forest , located in the southwest of the state of Baden-Württemberg, Germany. Although Hinterzarten is mostly famous for its ski jumpers, it also has many tourist attractions .- Hinterzarten :Hinterzarten was founded in 1148...

     K-95
  • Courchevel
    Courchevel
    Courchevel is the name of a ski resort located in the commune of Saint-Bon-Tarentaise in the French Alps, in the Tarentaise Valley, Savoie, Rhône-Alpes region. It is a part of Les Trois Vallées, the largest linked ski area in the world...

     K-120
  • Einsiedeln
    Einsiedeln, Switzerland
    Einsiedeln is a municipality and district in the canton of Schwyz in Switzerland known for its monastery, the Benedictine Einsiedeln Abbey. Einsiedeln is also the birthplace of Paracelsus, a Renaissance physician and alchemist who is credited with first naming zinc.-Prehistoric...

     K-105
  • Klingenthal
    Klingenthal
    Klingenthal is a town in the Vogtlandkreis district, in the Free State of Saxony, south-eastern Germany. It is situated directly on the border with the Czech Republic opposite the Czech town of Kraslice, 29 km southeast of Plauen, and 33 km northwest of Karlovy Vary.The Aschberg towers above the...

     K-125
  • Zakopane
    Zakopane
    Zakopane , is a town in southern Poland. It lies in the southern part of the Podhale region at the foot of the Tatra Mountains. From 1975 to 1998 it was in of Nowy Sącz Province, but since 1999 it has been in Lesser Poland Province. It had a population of about 28,000 as of 2004. Zakopane is a...

     K-120
  • Hakuba K-120
  • Pragelato
    Pragelato
    Pragelato is a comune in the Province of Turin in the Italian region Piedmont, located about 60 km west of Turin, in the upper Val Chisone. The name Pragelato, meaning ‘icy meadow’, has been derived from the harsh climate and the fact that the ground is covered with ice for long periods...

     K-125
  • Liberec
    Liberec
    Liberec is a city in the Czech Republic. Located on the Lusatian Neisse and surrounded by the Jizera Mountains and Ještěd-Kozákov Ridge, it is the fifth-largest city in the Czech Republic....

     K-120
  • Kranj
    Kranj
    ' is the third largest municipality and fourth largest city in Slovenia, with a population of 54,500 . It is located approximately 20 km north-west of Ljubljana...

     K-100
  • Wisla
    Wisla
    Wisła is a town in Cieszyn County, Silesian Voivodeship, southern Poland, with a population of about 11,810 , near the border with Czech Republic in the historical region of Cieszyn Silesia. It is situated in the Silesian Beskids mountain range...

     K-120
  • Szczyrk
    Szczyrk
    Szczyrk is a town in the Beskid Śląski mountains of southern Poland, situated in the valley of the Żylica river. It is part of the Silesian Voivodeship , previously being part of the Bielsko-Biała Voivodeship . It has a population of 5,810 people .The town is a popular winter sports centre, with...

     K-90
  • Hinzenbach
    Hinzenbach
    Hinzenbach is a municipality in the district Eferding in Upper Austria, Austria....

     K-85
  • Almaty
    Almaty
    Almaty , also known by its former names Verny and Alma-Ata , is the former capital of Kazakhstan and the nation's largest city, with a population of 1,348,500...

     K-120
  • Örnsköldsvik
    Örnsköldsvik
    Örnsköldsvik is a locality and the seat of Örnsköldsvik Municipality in Västernorrland County, Sweden with 28,617 inhabitants in 2005.Its natural harbour and archipelago is in the Gulf of Bothnia and the northern boundaries of the High Coast area. It is well known as an exporter of paper products...

     K-90


Ski jumping Fis-Cup and Continental Cup
Ski jumping Continental Cup
The FIS Ski Jumping Continental Cup is arranged yearly by the International Ski Federation . It's the second-highest ski jumping season-long competition, only surpassed by the FIS Ski Jumping World Cup. The cup usually consist of juniors, or jumpers who are fighting for a spot on their nation's...

 also have summer competitions and even more than the World Cup.

Women's ski jumping

On 26 May 2006, the International Ski Federation
International Ski Federation
The International Ski Federation, known by its name in French, Fédération Internationale de Ski is the main international organisation for ski sports...

 decided to allow women to ski jump at the 2009 Nordic World Ski Championships in Liberec
Liberec
Liberec is a city in the Czech Republic. Located on the Lusatian Neisse and surrounded by the Jizera Mountains and Ještěd-Kozákov Ridge, it is the fifth-largest city in the Czech Republic....

, Czech Republic
Czech Republic
The Czech Republic is a landlocked country in Central Europe. The country is bordered by Poland to the northeast, Slovakia to the east, Austria to the south, and Germany to the west and northwest....

 and then to have a team event for women at the 2011 world championships. FIS also decided to submit a proposal to the International Olympic Committee
International Olympic Committee
The International Olympic Committee is an international corporation based in Lausanne, Switzerland, created by Pierre de Coubertin on 23 June 1894 with Demetrios Vikelas as its first president...

 (IOC) to allow women to compete at the 2010 Winter Olympics
2010 Winter Olympics
The 2010 Winter Olympics, officially the XXI Olympic Winter Games or the 21st Winter Olympics, were a major international multi-sport event held from February 12–28, 2010, in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, with some events held in the suburbs of Richmond, West Vancouver and the University...

 in Vancouver
Vancouver
Vancouver is a coastal seaport city on the mainland of British Columbia, Canada. It is the hub of Greater Vancouver, which, with over 2.3 million residents, is the third most populous metropolitan area in the country,...

.

On 28 November 2006, the proposal for a women's ski jumping event was rejected by the Executive Board of the IOC. The reason for the rejection cited the low number of athletes as well as few participating countries in the sport. The Executive Board noted that women's ski jumping has yet to be fully established internationally. Jacques Rogge, president of the International Olympic Committee stated that women's ski jumping will not be an Olympic event because "we do not want the medals to be diluted and watered down," referring to the relatively small number of potential competitors in women's ski jumping.

It has been noted that while the number of women in ski jumping is not insignificant, the field has a much wider spread in terms of talent, in that the top men are all of a similar level of strength competitively, while the women are more varied, even in the top tiers.

A group of 15 competitive female ski jumpers filed a suit against the Vancouver Organizing Committee
Vancouver Organizing Committee for the 2010 Olympic and Paralympic Winter Games
The Vancouver Organizing Committee for the 2010 Olympic and Paralympic Winter Games was the non-profit organization responsible for planning, organizing, financing and staging the 2010 Winter Olympics and 2010 Winter Paralympics...

 (VANOC) claiming that conducting a men's ski jumping event without a women's event in the Vancouver Winter Olympics in 2010 would be in direct violation of Section 15 of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms. The arguments associated with this suit were argued 20 to 24 April 2009 and a judgment came down on June 10, 2009 against the ski jumpers. The judge ruled that although the women were being discriminated against, the issue is a International Olympic Committee responsibility and thus not governed by the charter. It further ruled that the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms does not apply to VANOC. Three British Columbia judges unanimously denied an appeal on November 13, 2009. The American actress and documentary film producer Virginia Madsen
Virginia Madsen
Virginia Madsen is an American actress and documentary film producer. She came to fame during the 1980s, having appeared in several films aimed at a teenage audience...

 has chronicled the Canadian team's efforts in a film called Fighting Gravity (2009).

On April 6, 2011 the International Olympic Committee officially accepted women ski jumping into the official Olympic program for the 2014 Winter Olympics
2014 Winter Olympics
The 2014 Winter Olympics, officially the XXII Olympic Winter Games, or the 22nd Winter Olympics, is a major international multi-sport event scheduled to be celebrated from 7 to 23 February 2014, in Sochi, Russia with some events held in the resort town of Krasnaya Polyana. Both the Olympic and...

 in Sochi, Russia.

Records

All Pre-World Cup, Olympic Games, World Championships & World Cup events are included. (As of 20 March 2011)
Category Ski Jumper Record Date/Year
Olympic Games
Ski jumping at the Winter Olympics
Ski jumping has been included in the program of every Winter Olympic Games. From 1924 through 1956, the competition involved jumping from one hill whose length varied from each edition games to the next. Most historians have placed this length at 70 meters and have classified this as the large hill...

(1924-2010)
most individual victories   Simon Ammann
Simon Ammann
Simon Ammann is a Swiss ski jumper, and double Olympic Champion at both 2002 and 2010 Winter Olympics.Ammann was born in Grabs, Switzerland, to Margit and Heinrich Ammann and raised in Unterwasser, Switzerland. He has two brothers and three sisters. He married Yana Yanovskaya on 25 June 2010...

 
4 2002–2010
all medals   Matti Nykänen
Matti Nykänen
Matti Ensio Nykänen is a Finnish former ski jumper who won five Olympic medals , nine World Championships medals and 22 Finnish Championships medals . Most notably, Nykänen won three gold medals at the 1988 Winter Olympics, becoming, along with Yvonne van Gennip of the Netherlands, the most...

 
5 1984–1988
most team victories   Finland Team 2 1988–1992
  Germany Team 2 1994–2002
  Austria Team 2 2006–2010
most team medals   Austria Team 5 1992–2010
youngest winner individual (Albertville)   Toni Nieminen
Toni Nieminen
Toni Nieminen is a Finnish ski-jumper who competed from 1991 to 2004.His biggest success came very early in his career at the age of 16, where he won three medals at the 1992 Winter Olympics in Albertville, earning two gold medals in the individual and team large hill events; and a bronze medal in...

 
16 y, 261 d 1992
oldest winner individual (Lillehammer)   Jens Weißflog  29 y, 214 d 1994
by No. of Olympic appearances   Noriaki Kasai
Noriaki Kasai
, born June 6, 1972 in Shimokawa, Hokkaidō, Japan, is a Japanese ski jumper.Kasai holds a record for most performances in World Cup. To a date of March 23, 2011 he performed record 435 times in World Cup...

 
6 1992–2010
FIS Nordic World Ski Championships (1925-2011)
most individual victories   Adam Małysz  4 2001–2007
most individual medals   Adam Małysz  6 2001–2011
all medals   Janne Ahonen
Janne Ahonen
Janne Petteri Ahonen is a former Finnish ski jumper who has competed in the world cup between 1992-2011. A legendary ski jumper, he is widely considered one of the best and most successful athletes in the history of the sport...

 
10 1995–2005
  Martin Schmitt
Martin Schmitt
Martin Schmitt is one of Germany's most successful ski jumpers. Beginning his competitive career at the Furtwangen area skiing club in Germany, his and Sven Hannawald's successes made their sport one of the most popular in the country...

 
10 1997–2011
most team victories   Austria Team 8 1984–2011
most team medals   Austria Team 14 1984–2011
youngest winner individual (Thunder Bay)   Tommy Ingebrigtsen
Tommy Ingebrigtsen
Tommy "Tiger'n" Ingebrigtsen is a former Norwegian ski jumper who represented Byåsen in Trondheim. He won the large hill competition at the FIS Nordic World Ski Championships 1995 in Thunder Bay, Ontario at only 17 years of age...

 
17 y, 222 d 1995
oldest winner individual (Liberec)   Andreas Küttel
Andreas Küttel
Andreas Küttel is a Swiss ski jumper.He grew up in Einsiedeln and is still living there. He won the World Cup competitions on 3 December 2005 in Lillehammer and on 9 December 2005 in Harrachov and placed third in the overall championship...

 
29 y, 308 d 2009
by No. of Championships appearances   Noriaki Kasai
Noriaki Kasai
, born June 6, 1972 in Shimokawa, Hokkaidō, Japan, is a Japanese ski jumper.Kasai holds a record for most performances in World Cup. To a date of March 23, 2011 he performed record 435 times in World Cup...

 
10 1989–2009
FIS Ski-Flying World Championships (1972-2010)
most individual victories   Walter Steiner
Walter Steiner
Walter Steiner is a Swiss ski jumper who was active in the 1970's.Steiner earned a ski jumping silver medal in the Individual large hill at the 1972 Winter Olympics...

 
2 1972–1977
  Sven Hannawald
Sven Hannawald
Sven Hannawald is a former German ski jumper who competed from the mid 1990s to the mid 2000s. Hannawald won the Four Hills Tournament once. He also won four medals at the FIS Nordic World Ski Championships, as well as three medals each in the Olympic Winter Games and the FIS Ski-Flying World...

 
2 2000–2002
  Roar Ljøkelsøy
Roar Ljøkelsøy
Roar Ljøkelsøy is a Norwegian ski jumper. Ljøkelsøy's early career was not particularly brilliant. While considered almost flawless technically, he did not win an individual World Cup event until 25 January 2003, at age 26...

 
2 2004–2006
most individual medals   Matti Nykänen
Matti Nykänen
Matti Ensio Nykänen is a Finnish former ski jumper who won five Olympic medals , nine World Championships medals and 22 Finnish Championships medals . Most notably, Nykänen won three gold medals at the 1988 Winter Olympics, becoming, along with Yvonne van Gennip of the Netherlands, the most...

 
5 1983–1990
all medals   Janne Ahonen
Janne Ahonen
Janne Petteri Ahonen is a former Finnish ski jumper who has competed in the world cup between 1992-2011. A legendary ski jumper, he is widely considered one of the best and most successful athletes in the history of the sport...

 
7 1996–2008
most team victories   Norway Team 2 2004–2006
  Austria Team 2 2008–2010
most team medals   Norway Team 4 2004–2010
  Finland Team 4 2004–2010
youngest winner individual (Oberstdorf)   Gregor Schlierenzauer
Gregor Schlierenzauer
Gregor Schlierenzauer - Schlieri is an Austrian ski jumper. He began his senior career in 2005–06 with one win and three additional podiums in the Ski Jumping Grand Prix, and made his World Cup debut in 2005—06 World Cup...

 
18 y, 47 d 2008
oldest winner individual (Bad Mitterndorf)   Roar Ljøkelsøy
Roar Ljøkelsøy
Roar Ljøkelsøy is a Norwegian ski jumper. Ljøkelsøy's early career was not particularly brilliant. While considered almost flawless technically, he did not win an individual World Cup event until 25 January 2003, at age 26...

 
29 y, 228 d 2006
by No. of Championships appearances   Janne Ahonen
Janne Ahonen
Janne Petteri Ahonen is a former Finnish ski jumper who has competed in the world cup between 1992-2011. A legendary ski jumper, he is widely considered one of the best and most successful athletes in the history of the sport...

 
9 1994–2010
Four Hills Tournament (1952-2011)
most overall victories   Janne Ahonen
Janne Ahonen
Janne Petteri Ahonen is a former Finnish ski jumper who has competed in the world cup between 1992-2011. A legendary ski jumper, he is widely considered one of the best and most successful athletes in the history of the sport...

 
5 1999–2008
most individual victories   Jens Weißflog  10 1983–1996
youngest winner individual (Oberstdorf)   Toni Nieminen
Toni Nieminen
Toni Nieminen is a Finnish ski-jumper who competed from 1991 to 2004.His biggest success came very early in his career at the age of 16, where he won three medals at the 1992 Winter Olympics in Albertville, earning two gold medals in the individual and team large hill events; and a bronze medal in...

 
16 y, 212 d 29 December 1991
oldest winner individual (Bischofshofen)   Jens Weißflog  31 y, 169 d 6 January 1996
youngest winner overall   Toni Nieminen
Toni Nieminen
Toni Nieminen is a Finnish ski-jumper who competed from 1991 to 2004.His biggest success came very early in his career at the age of 16, where he won three medals at the 1992 Winter Olympics in Albertville, earning two gold medals in the individual and team large hill events; and a bronze medal in...

 
16 y, 220 d 1991–92
oldest winner overall   Jens Weißflog  31 y, 169 d 1995–96
World Cup (1979-2011)
most overall wins   Matti Nykänen
Matti Nykänen
Matti Ensio Nykänen is a Finnish former ski jumper who won five Olympic medals , nine World Championships medals and 22 Finnish Championships medals . Most notably, Nykänen won three gold medals at the 1988 Winter Olympics, becoming, along with Yvonne van Gennip of the Netherlands, the most...

 
4 1983–1988
  Adam Małysz  4 2001–2007
most individual victories   Matti Nykänen
Matti Nykänen
Matti Ensio Nykänen is a Finnish former ski jumper who won five Olympic medals , nine World Championships medals and 22 Finnish Championships medals . Most notably, Nykänen won three gold medals at the 1988 Winter Olympics, becoming, along with Yvonne van Gennip of the Netherlands, the most...

 
46 1981–1989
most individual podiums   Janne Ahonen
Janne Ahonen
Janne Petteri Ahonen is a former Finnish ski jumper who has competed in the world cup between 1992-2011. A legendary ski jumper, he is widely considered one of the best and most successful athletes in the history of the sport...

 
108 1993–2010
most individual Top 10 results   Janne Ahonen
Janne Ahonen
Janne Petteri Ahonen is a former Finnish ski jumper who has competed in the world cup between 1992-2011. A legendary ski jumper, he is widely considered one of the best and most successful athletes in the history of the sport...

 
245 1993–2011
most team victories   Austria team 23 1990–2011
most team medals   Austria team 45 1990–2011
most individual performances   Noriaki Kasai
Noriaki Kasai
, born June 6, 1972 in Shimokawa, Hokkaidō, Japan, is a Japanese ski jumper.Kasai holds a record for most performances in World Cup. To a date of March 23, 2011 he performed record 435 times in World Cup...

 
396 1989-active
most team performances   Noriaki Kasai
Noriaki Kasai
, born June 6, 1972 in Shimokawa, Hokkaidō, Japan, is a Japanese ski jumper.Kasai holds a record for most performances in World Cup. To a date of March 23, 2011 he performed record 435 times in World Cup...

 
39 1990-active
all performances   Noriaki Kasai
Noriaki Kasai
, born June 6, 1972 in Shimokawa, Hokkaidō, Japan, is a Japanese ski jumper.Kasai holds a record for most performances in World Cup. To a date of March 23, 2011 he performed record 435 times in World Cup...

 
435 1989-active
most seasons   Noriaki Kasai
Noriaki Kasai
, born June 6, 1972 in Shimokawa, Hokkaidō, Japan, is a Japanese ski jumper.Kasai holds a record for most performances in World Cup. To a date of March 23, 2011 he performed record 435 times in World Cup...

 
22 1989-active
most ski-flying individual victories   Gregor Schlierenzauer
Gregor Schlierenzauer
Gregor Schlierenzauer - Schlieri is an Austrian ski jumper. He began his senior career in 2005–06 with one win and three additional podiums in the Ski Jumping Grand Prix, and made his World Cup debut in 2005—06 World Cup...

 
10 2006-active
youngest winner individual (Lahti)   Steve Collins
Steve Collins (ski jumper)
Stephen Collins is a retired Canadian ski jumper who was extremely successful in the 1980s.Collins is the youngest person ever to have won a Ski jumping World Cup event at the age of 15 in 1980. He is also a former World Junior Championship gold and silver medalist. He held a record for longest...

 
15 y, 362 d 9 March 1980
oldest winner individual (Kuopio)   Takanobu Okabe
Takanobu Okabe
is a Japanese ski jumper who has competed in the ski jumping World Cup since 1990.His debut World Cup performance was on December 16, 1989 in Sapporo and at the moment he is the oldest ski jumper in a world of ski jumping...

 
38 y, 135 d 10 March 2009
youngest winner overall   Toni Nieminen
Toni Nieminen
Toni Nieminen is a Finnish ski-jumper who competed from 1991 to 2004.His biggest success came very early in his career at the age of 16, where he won three medals at the 1992 Winter Olympics in Albertville, earning two gold medals in the individual and team large hill events; and a bronze medal in...

 
16 y, 303 d 1991-92
oldest winner overall   Adam Małysz  29 y, 112 d 2006-07
most wins in one season individual   Gregor Schlierenzauer
Gregor Schlierenzauer
Gregor Schlierenzauer - Schlieri is an Austrian ski jumper. He began his senior career in 2005–06 with one win and three additional podiums in the Ski Jumping Grand Prix, and made his World Cup debut in 2005—06 World Cup...

 
13 2008-09
most points in one season individual   Gregor Schlierenzauer
Gregor Schlierenzauer
Gregor Schlierenzauer - Schlieri is an Austrian ski jumper. He began his senior career in 2005–06 with one win and three additional podiums in the Ski Jumping Grand Prix, and made his World Cup debut in 2005—06 World Cup...

 
2083 (points) 2008-09
Other records (all times)
first jump over 100m (Planica)   Sepp Bradl  101m 1936
first jump over 200m (Planica)   Andreas Goldberger
Andreas Goldberger
Andreas Goldberger is a former ski jumper.He was one of the best in his sport during the 1990s...

 (fall, invalid)
202m* 1994
  Toni Nieminen
Toni Nieminen
Toni Nieminen is a Finnish ski-jumper who competed from 1991 to 2004.His biggest success came very early in his career at the age of 16, where he won three medals at the 1992 Winter Olympics in Albertville, earning two gold medals in the individual and team large hill events; and a bronze medal in...

 (official)
203m 1994
most jumps over 200m   Adam Małysz  114 1995-2011
world record (Vikersund)   Johan Remen Evensen
Johan Remen Evensen
Johan Remen Evensen is a Norwegian ski jumper from Molde. A late bloomer, Evensen made his World Cup debut during the 2008–09 season at age 23, and earned a place in the Norwegian World Cup team following consecutive top-12 finishes at Granåsen...

 
246.5m 2011
first World Cup individual event   Cortina d'Ampezzo
Cortina d'Ampezzo
Cortina d'Ampezzo is a town and comune in the southern Alps located in Veneto, a region in Northern Italy. Located in the heart of the Dolomites in an alpine valley, it is a popular winter sport resort known for its ski-ranges, scenery, accommodations, shops and après-ski scene...

 
December 1979
first World Cup team event   Lahti
Lahti
Lahti is a city and municipality in Finland.Lahti is the capital of the Päijänne Tavastia region. It is situated on a bay at the southern end of lake Vesijärvi about north-east of the capital Helsinki...

 
March 1990

Scoring

The winner is decided on a scoring system based on distance, style, inrun length and wind conditions.

Each hill has a target called the calculation point (or K point or "critical point") which is a par
Par
-In golf:* Par is a predetermined number of strokes that a scratch golfer should require to complete a hole.* Par , scoring format for golf used as an alternative to Stableford and stroke play-In television, video and on stage:...

 distance to aim for. It is also the place where many jumpers land, in the middle of the landing area. This point is marked by the K line on the landing strip. For K-90 and K-120 competitions, the K line is at 90 metres (295.3 ft) and 120 metres (393.7 ft) respectively. Skiers are awarded 60 points if they land on the K Line. Skiers not landing on the K Line receive or lose points for every metre (3 ft) they miss the mark by, depending on if they surpass it or fall short, respectively. Thus, it is possible for a jumper to get a negative score if the jump is way short of the K line with poor style marks (typically a fall). The value of a metre is determined from the size of the hill. The K point is the point on the hill where the slope begins to flatten as measured from the take off.

In addition, five judges are based in a tower to the side of the expected landing point. They can award up to 20 points each for style based on keeping the skis steady during flight, balance, good body position, and landing. The highest and lowest style scores are disregarded, with the remaining three scores added to the distance score. Thus, a perfectly scored K-120 jump - with at least four of the judges awarding 20 points each - and the jumper landing on the K-point, is awarded a total of 120 points.

In January 2010, a new scoring system was introduced to compensate for variable outdoor conditions. Aerodynamics and take-off speed are important variables that determine the value of a jump, and if weather conditions change during a competition, the conditions will not be equal for everyone and thus unfair. The jumper will now receive or lose points if the inrun length is adjusted. An advanced calculation also determines plus/minus points for the actual wind conditions at the time of the jump. These points are added or withdrawn from the original scores from the jump itself.

In the individual event, the scores from each skier's two competition jumps are combined to determine the winner.

Rules

Ski jumpers below the minimum safe body mass index are penalized with a shorter maximum ski length, reducing the aerodynamic lift they can achieve. These rules have been credited with stopping the most severe cases of underweight athletes, but some competitors still lose weight to maximize the distance they can jump.

Technique

The ski jump is divided into four separate sections; 1) In-run, 2) Take-off (jump), 3) Flight and 4) Landing.
In each part the athlete is required to pay attention to and practice a particular technique in order to maximise the outcome of ultimate length and style marks.

Using the modern V-technique
V-style
The V-style of ski jumping was created by Miroslaw Graf, a Polish ski jumper from Szklarska Poreba. As early as 1969 Graf discovered the style as a kid, but later his colleagues were laughing at his jumps....

, pioneered by Jan Boklöv
Jan Boklöv
Jan Mauritz Boklöv is one of the most successful Swedish ski jumpers of all time, probably only rivaled by Sven Selånger. He won the World Cup in 1988/89, and dominated the Swedish championships in the late 1980s. He is however most known for inventing the V-style, which has been the standard...

 of Sweden in 1985, world-class skiers are able to exceed the distance of the take-off hill by about 10% compared to the previous technique with parallel skis. Aerodynamics
Aerodynamics
Aerodynamics is a branch of dynamics concerned with studying the motion of air, particularly when it interacts with a moving object. Aerodynamics is a subfield of fluid dynamics and gas dynamics, with much theory shared between them. Aerodynamics is often used synonymously with gas dynamics, with...

 has become a factor of increasing importance in modern ski jumping, with recent rules addressing the regulation of ski jumping suits. This follows a period when loopholes in the rules seemed to favour skinny jumpers in stiff, air foil-like suits.

Previous techniques first included the Kongsberger technique
Kongsberger technique
The Kongsberger technique in ski jumping was created in Kongsberg, Norway by Jacob Tullin Thams and Sigmund Ruud. The technique was developed after World War I, and was characterized by the upper body being bent at the hip, and arms extended at the front with the skis parallel to each other...

, developed in Kongsberg
Kongsberg
is a town and municipality in Buskerud county, Norway. It is located at the southern end of the traditional region of Numedal. The administrative centre of the municipality is the town of Kongsberg....

, Norway by two ski jumpers, Jacob Tullin Thams
Jacob Tullin Thams
Jacob Tullin "Tulla" Thams was a Norwegian Olympian. He won the first Olympic ski jumping gold medal in 1924, and became the third person to medal in both the Winter and Summer Olympics in 1936 as a member of the silver medal-winning...

 and Sigmund Ruud
Sigmund Ruud
Sigmund Ruud was a Norwegian ski jumper.Born in Kongsberg, Norway, Sigmund Ruud, with his brothers Birger and Asbjørn, dominated ski jumping in the 1920s and 1930s. At the 1928 Winter Olympics in St. Moritz, Sigmund earned a silver medal in the ski jumping competition...

 following World War I. This technique had the upper body bent at the hip, a wide forward lean, and arms extended to the front with the skis parallel to each other. It would lead to jumping length going from 45 meters to over 100 meters. In the 1950s Andreas Daescher
Andreas Daescher
Andreas Däscher is a ski jumping athlete from Switzerland, who is best known for developing the Daescher technique in the 1950s, which was the standard technique until the V-style was developed by Jan Boklöv in 1985...

 of Switzerland and Erich Windisch
Erich Windisch
Erich Alfred Windisch was a German Olympic ski jumper who developed in 1949 the jumping technique in which the jumper’s arms are slightly arched and pointing downward...

 of Germany modified the Kongsberger technique by placing his arms backward toward his hips for a closer lean. The Daescher technique
Daescher technique
The Daescher technique is a ski jumping technique that was created by Andreas Daescher of Switzerland. This technique was created in the 1950s as a modification of the Kongsberger technique where the arms are placed backward toward the hips for a closer lean...

 and Windisch technique
Windisch technique
The Windisch technique is a ski jumping technique that was created by Erich Windisch of Germany in 1949. This technique was a modification of the Kongsberger technique. In the Windisch technique, the jumper’s arms are placed backward toward the hips for a closer lean...

 were the standard for ski jumping from the 1950s.

Until the mid 1970s, the Ski jumper would come down the in-run of the hill with both arms pointing forwards. This changed when the former East German Ski jumper Jochen Danneberg
Jochen Danneberg
Jochen Danneberg is an East German ski jumper who competed from 1973 to 1980. His best known finish was a silver medal in the individual normal hill at the 1976 Winter Olympics in Innsbruck. He won the Four Hills Tournament twice in 1976 and 1977...

 introduced the new in-run technique of directing the arms backwards in a more aerodynamic position.

The landing requires the skiers to touch the ground in the Telemark landing style. This involves the jumper landing with one foot in front of the other, mimicking the style of the Norwegian inventors of Telemark skiing
Telemark skiing
Telemark skiing is a form of skiing using the Telemark turn. Unlike alpine skiing equipment, the skis used for telemarking either have a binding that only connects the boot to the ski at the toes, just as in cross-country skiing, or may be released to only connect there.Telemark turns are led with...

. Failure to comply with this regulation will lead to the deduction of style marks (points).

Popularity

Ski jumping is popular among spectators and TV audiences in Scandinavia and Central Europe. Almost all world-class ski jumpers come from those regions or from Japan. Traditionally, the strongest countries are Finland, Norway, Germany, Austria, Poland, Switzerland, Slovenia, and Japan. However, there have always been successful ski jumpers from other countries as well (see list below). The Four Hills Tournament
Four Hills Tournament
The Four Hills Tournament is composed of four Ski Jumping World Cup events and has taken place in Germany and Austria each year since 1952.The Four Hills Tournament champion is the one who gets the most points over the four events...

, held annually at four sites in Bavaria
Bavaria
Bavaria, formally the Free State of Bavaria is a state of Germany, located in the southeast of Germany. With an area of , it is the largest state by area, forming almost 20% of the total land area of Germany...

, Germany and Austria around New Year's, is very popular.

There have been attempts to spread the popularity of the sport by finding ways by which the construction and upkeep of practicing and competition venues can be made easier. These include plastic fake snow to provide a slippery surface even during the summer time and in locations where snow is a rare occurrence.

List of ski flying hills

Hill name Location Opened K-point Hill size Hill record
  Vikersundbakken
Vikersundbakken
Vikersundbakken is the only ski flying hill in the Nordic countries. With a hill and world record of 246,5 meters, Vikersundbakken is the world's largest ski jumping hill....

Vikersund
Vikersund
Vikersund is a town of 2,448 inhabitants in the municipality capital of Modum, in the county of Buskerud, Norway.Vikersund is located 30 kilometers south of Hønefoss and 40 kilometers northwest of Drammen. The village is located at the southwestern arm of Tyrifjorden. The Drammen river enters...

, Norway
Norway
Norway , officially the Kingdom of Norway, is a Nordic unitary constitutional monarchy whose territory comprises the western portion of the Scandinavian Peninsula, Jan Mayen, and the Arctic archipelago of Svalbard and Bouvet Island. Norway has a total area of and a population of about 4.9 million...

1936 K-195 HS 225 246.5 metres (808.7 ft)
  Letalnica Bratov Gorišek Planica
Planica
Planica is an alpine valley in northwestern Slovenia, extending south from the border village of Rateče, not far from another well-known ski resort, Kranjska Gora. Further south, the valley extends into the Tamar Valley, a popular hiking destination in Triglav National Park.Planica is famous for...

, Slovenia
Slovenia
Slovenia , officially the Republic of Slovenia , is a country in Central and Southeastern Europe touching the Alps and bordering the Mediterranean. Slovenia borders Italy to the west, Croatia to the south and east, Hungary to the northeast, and Austria to the north, and also has a small portion of...

1969 K-185 HS 215 239 metres (784.1 ft)
  Heini-Klopfer-Skiflugschanze Oberstdorf
Oberstdorf
Oberstdorf is a municipality and skiing and hiking town in southwest Germany, located in the Allgäu region of the Bavarian Alps.At the center of Oberstdorf is a church whose tall spire serves as a landmark for navigating around town. The summits of the Nebelhorn and Fellhorn provide...

, Germany
Germany
Germany , officially the Federal Republic of Germany , is a federal parliamentary republic in Europe. The country consists of 16 states while the capital and largest city is Berlin. Germany covers an area of 357,021 km2 and has a largely temperate seasonal climate...

1950 K-185 HS 213 225.5 metres (739.8 ft)
  Čerťák
Certák
Čerťák is a ski jumping hill located in the city of Harrachov in the Czech Republic. The venue is most notable for being one of five ski flying hills in the world, though it also has three smaller hills close by. It is owned by the sports club TJ Jiskra Harrachov...

Harrachov
Harrachov
Harrachov is a town on the Mumlava river in the northern Czech Republic, 300 m from the border with Poland. It is within the Krkonoše mountain range, about above sea level.-History:...

, Czech Republic
Czech Republic
The Czech Republic is a landlocked country in Central Europe. The country is bordered by Poland to the northeast, Slovakia to the east, Austria to the south, and Germany to the west and northwest....

1979 K-185 HS 205 215.5 metres (707 ft)
  Kulm
Kulm (venue)
Kulm is a ski flying hill located in Tauplitz, Austria. It is one of only five venues of this type in the world, allowing for jumps of 200 metres and over...

Bad Mitterndorf
Bad Mitterndorf
Bad Mitterndorf is a town in Salzkammergut, Styria in Austria. Situated between Salzburg and Graz, it is a popular winter sports resort and also as a location for walking and cycling in the summer. Bad Mitterndorf is the site of two health spas with thermal baths, an outdoor swimming pool and...

, Austria
Austria
Austria , officially the Republic of Austria , is a landlocked country of roughly 8.4 million people in Central Europe. It is bordered by the Czech Republic and Germany to the north, Slovakia and Hungary to the east, Slovenia and Italy to the south, and Switzerland and Liechtenstein to the...

1950 K-185 HS 200 215.5 metres (707 ft)
  Copper Peak
Copper Peak
Copper Peak is a ski flying hill located in Ironwood, Michigan, United States. Built in 1969, it remains the only ski flying facility in the Western Hemisphere. With a K-spot of 150 meters, Copper Peak has allowed jumps up to 158 meters...

Ironwood, Michigan
Ironwood, Michigan
Ironwood is a city in Gogebic County in the U.S. state of Michigan, about south of Lake Superior. The population was 6,293 at the 2000 census. The city is on US 2 and is situated opposite the Montreal River from Hurley, Wisconsin. It is the westernmost city in Michigan, situated on the same line...

, United States
United States
The United States of America is a federal constitutional republic comprising fifty states and a federal district...

1969 K-145 - 158 metres (518.4 ft)


Ski flying is an extreme version of ski jumping. The events take place in big hills with a K-spot of at least 185 metres (607 ft). The difference between ski flying and "regular" ski jumping is subtle, but ski flying puts more focus on the ability to float through the air and less on pure jumping ability. Nonetheless, most of the top competitors in "regular" ski jumping tend to be among the best in ski flying competitions as well. However, some jumpers, such as Martin Koch
Martin Koch (ski jumper)
Martin "Mascht" Koch is a ski jumper from Austria.A competitor since 1999, he has finished in the Top 3 in all ski jumping events eighteen times, including two victories with the first being on January 8, 2011 in Harrachov...

 of Austria, Johan Remen Evensen
Johan Remen Evensen
Johan Remen Evensen is a Norwegian ski jumper from Molde. A late bloomer, Evensen made his World Cup debut during the 2008–09 season at age 23, and earned a place in the Norwegian World Cup team following consecutive top-12 finishes at Granåsen...

 from Norway and Slovenia's Robert Kranjec
Robert Kranjec
Robert Kranjec is a Slovenian ski jumper who has competed since 1998. He won a bronze medal at the 2002 Winter Olympics in Salt Lake City in the Team Large Hill event....

 are regarded as ski flying specialists.

The "father" of ski flying is Janez Gorišek
Janez Gorišek
Janez Gorišek is a Slovenian civil engineer, constructor and architect, who holds a degree from the Faculty of Civil Engineering and Geodesy at the University of Ljubljana...

, an engineer, sportsman and enthusiastic sport-promoter who designed the Planica ski-jump. There are five ski flying hills in the world today: Vikersundbakken
Vikersundbakken
Vikersundbakken is the only ski flying hill in the Nordic countries. With a hill and world record of 246,5 meters, Vikersundbakken is the world's largest ski jumping hill....

 in Vikersund
Vikersund
Vikersund is a town of 2,448 inhabitants in the municipality capital of Modum, in the county of Buskerud, Norway.Vikersund is located 30 kilometers south of Hønefoss and 40 kilometers northwest of Drammen. The village is located at the southwestern arm of Tyrifjorden. The Drammen river enters...

, Norway; Oberstdorf
Oberstdorf
Oberstdorf is a municipality and skiing and hiking town in southwest Germany, located in the Allgäu region of the Bavarian Alps.At the center of Oberstdorf is a church whose tall spire serves as a landmark for navigating around town. The summits of the Nebelhorn and Fellhorn provide...

, Germany; Kulm
Kulm
The name Kulm is a German language toponym which is derived from the Latin culmen, meaning hill. It may be used as follows:-Places:Austria* Kulm bei Weiz, a municipality in Styria* Kulm am Zirbitz, a municipality in Styria...

 Austria; Letalnica
Letalnica
Letalnica Bratov Gorišek is a ski flying hill located in Planica, Slovenia. It is the 2nd...

, Planica
Planica
Planica is an alpine valley in northwestern Slovenia, extending south from the border village of Rateče, not far from another well-known ski resort, Kranjska Gora. Further south, the valley extends into the Tamar Valley, a popular hiking destination in Triglav National Park.Planica is famous for...

, Slovenia; and Harrachov
Harrachov
Harrachov is a town on the Mumlava river in the northern Czech Republic, 300 m from the border with Poland. It is within the Krkonoše mountain range, about above sea level.-History:...

, Czech Republic. A sixth hill, Copper Peak
Copper Peak
Copper Peak is a ski flying hill located in Ironwood, Michigan, United States. Built in 1969, it remains the only ski flying facility in the Western Hemisphere. With a K-spot of 150 meters, Copper Peak has allowed jumps up to 158 meters...

 in the western Upper Peninsula of Michigan
Upper Peninsula of Michigan
The Upper Peninsula of Michigan is the northern of the two major land masses that make up the U.S. state of Michigan. It is commonly referred to as the Upper Peninsula, the U.P., or Upper Michigan. It is also known as the land "above the Bridge" linking the two peninsulas. The peninsula is bounded...

, is currently disused, although there are plans to rebuild it to FIS standards. There are plans for more ski flying hills, even for an indoor ski flying hill in Ylitornio
Ylitornio
Ylitornio is a municipality of Finland.It is located in the province of Lapland at the shore of the Torne River, opposite to Övertorneå. The municipality has a population of and covers an area of of which is water. The population density is ....

, Finland
Finland
Finland , officially the Republic of Finland, is a Nordic country situated in the Fennoscandian region of Northern Europe. It is bordered by Sweden in the west, Norway in the north and Russia in the east, while Estonia lies to its south across the Gulf of Finland.Around 5.4 million people reside...

. The biggest hill is Vikersundbakken
Vikersundbakken
Vikersundbakken is the only ski flying hill in the Nordic countries. With a hill and world record of 246,5 meters, Vikersundbakken is the world's largest ski jumping hill....

 in Vikersund
Vikersund
Vikersund is a town of 2,448 inhabitants in the municipality capital of Modum, in the county of Buskerud, Norway.Vikersund is located 30 kilometers south of Hønefoss and 40 kilometers northwest of Drammen. The village is located at the southwestern arm of Tyrifjorden. The Drammen river enters...

.

It is possible to fly more than 200 metres (656.2 ft) in all the ski flying hills, and the current World Record is 246.5 metres (808.7 ft), set by Norwegian Johan Remen Evensen
Johan Remen Evensen
Johan Remen Evensen is a Norwegian ski jumper from Molde. A late bloomer, Evensen made his World Cup debut during the 2008–09 season at age 23, and earned a place in the Norwegian World Cup team following consecutive top-12 finishes at Granåsen...

 at Vikersund in 2011.

The Fédération Internationale de Ski (FIS) Ski flying World Championships started in 1972 and have been held on a mainly biennial basis, although there have been several occasions where events were held annually. The 2010 FIS World Championships in skiflying were organised in Planica, and in 2012 the FIS World Championships will take place in Vikersund, Norway.

Record number of official jumps over 200m

Rank Ski Jumper #
1. 114
2. 108
3. 104
4. 103
5. 101
... 97
... 86
... 64
  • As of 20 March 2011.

Notable ski jumpers

The most notable ski jumpers may be considered those who have managed to show a perfect jump, which means that all five judges attributed the maximum style score of 20 points for their jumps.

So far only 5 jumpers are recorded to have achieved this:
Name Date Location Competition Rank
  Anton Innauer 7 March 1976   Oberstdorf
Heini-Klopfer-Skiflugschanze
The Heini Klopfer Ski Jump is a ski flying hill in Oberstdorf, Germany.- Ski-Flying World Championships :- World Cup :* In 1998 competition counted for World Cup & Ski-Flying World Championships at the same time.- Succession of record jumps :...

Ski flying (International ski flying weeks) 1
  Kazuyoshi Funaki
Kazuyoshi Funaki
, born April 27, 1975 in Yoichi, Hokkaido) is a Japanese ski jumper.He ranked among the most successful sportsmen of its discipline, particularly in the 1990s. Funaki is known for his special variant of the V-style technique, where the body lies flat....

15 February 1998   Nagano
Hakuba Ski Jumping Stadium
Hakuba Ski Jumping Stadium is a ski jumping hill in Hakuba, Japan. It hosted the ski jumping and the ski jumping part of the nordic combined events. The stadium holds a maximum of 45,000 spectators, and was built in 1992.-References:* Volume 2. pp. 203-5.**...

Olympic Winter Games, large hill, second jump 1
  Sven Hannawald
Sven Hannawald
Sven Hannawald is a former German ski jumper who competed from the mid 1990s to the mid 2000s. Hannawald won the Four Hills Tournament once. He also won four medals at the FIS Nordic World Ski Championships, as well as three medals each in the Olympic Winter Games and the FIS Ski-Flying World...

8 February 2003   Willingen
Mühlenkopfschanze
Mühlenkopfschanze is a German ski jumping hill, located in Willingen. It is the world's biggest large hill, and holds World Cup events every year....

Worldcup competition, large hill, first jump 1
  Hideharu Miyahira
Hideharu Miyahira
is a retired Japanese ski jumper.He competed from 1994 to 2006. He won four medals at the FIS Nordic World Ski Championships with three silvers and one bronze .Miyahara competed at the 2002 Winter Olympics in Salt Lake City, finishing 5th in the team...

8 February 2003   Willingen Worldcup competition, large hill, second jump 6
  Wolfgang Loitzl
Wolfgang Loitzl
Wolfgang "Wuff" Loitzl is an Austrian ski jumper who has competed since 1997. He won seven medals at the FIS Nordic World Ski Championships with six golds and one bronze .He earned a bronze medal in the team event at the FIS Ski-Flying World...

6 January 2009   Bischofshofen
Paul-Ausserleitner-Schanze
Paul-Ausserleitner-Schanze was opened in 1941, and re-built in 2003, and is a ski jumping venue in Bischofshofen, Austria. It is one of the more important venues in the FIS Ski jumping World Cup, annually hosting the fourth and final competition of the prestigious Four Hills Tournament...

Four Hills Jumping, large hill, first jump 1


Sven Hannawald and Wolfgang Loitzl were attributed four times 20 (plus another 19,5) style score points for their second jump, thus receiving nine times the maximum score of 20 points within one competition.

Other notable ski jumpers can be found in the following lists:

Male

Currently active
Country Flag Name
Austria   Martin Koch
Martin Koch (ski jumper)
Martin "Mascht" Koch is a ski jumper from Austria.A competitor since 1999, he has finished in the Top 3 in all ski jumping events eighteen times, including two victories with the first being on January 8, 2011 in Harrachov...

Andreas Kofler
Andreas Kofler
Andreas "Kofi" Kofler is an Austrian ski jumper, and member of the Austrian National team .The first Ski jumping World Cup competition he won was in Willingen, Germany on 4 February 2006. At the 2006 Winter Olympics in Turin, Italy he won gold in the team competition, together with Andreas...

Gregor Schlierenzauer
Gregor Schlierenzauer
Gregor Schlierenzauer - Schlieri is an Austrian ski jumper. He began his senior career in 2005–06 with one win and three additional podiums in the Ski Jumping Grand Prix, and made his World Cup debut in 2005—06 World Cup...

Thomas Morgenstern
Thomas Morgenstern
Thomas Morgenstern is an Austrian ski jumper. Having won the world cup twice, the Four Hills Tournament and the Nordic Tournament once each, the Grand Prix three times, and 12 gold medals at world championships and Olympic games, he is one of the most successful contemporary jumpers.- Career...

Wolfgang Loitzl
Wolfgang Loitzl
Wolfgang "Wuff" Loitzl is an Austrian ski jumper who has competed since 1997. He won seven medals at the FIS Nordic World Ski Championships with six golds and one bronze .He earned a bronze medal in the team event at the FIS Ski-Flying World...

Czech Republic   Jakub Janda
Jakub Janda
Jakub Janda is a Czech ski jumper, winner of 2005-6 Four Hills Tournament and winner of the Ski jumping World Cup 2005–6....

Roman Koudelka
Roman Koudelka
Roman Koudelka is a Czech ski jumper who has competed since 2005. His personal best is 211 metre, set in Harrachov, Czech Republic, 2011.-Career:...

Borek Sedlák
Borek Sedlák
Borek Sedlák is a Czech ski jumper who has competed since 2001. At the 2006 Winter Olympics, he finished ninth in the team large hill and 38th in the individual normal hill events....

Antonín Hájek
Antonín Hájek
Antonín Hájek is a ski jumper from the Czech Republic. His specialties include both individual ski jumping and ski flying.Hájek's best result in the World Cup is a 4th place in Tauplitz and Sapporo in 2010....

Lukáš Hlava
Lukáš Hlava
Lukáš Hlava is a Czech ski jumper who has competed since 2002. At the 2010 Winter Olympics in Vancouver, he finished seventh in the team large hill and 38th in the individual normal hill events....

Finland   Janne Happonen
Janne Happonen
Janne Mikael Happonen is a Finnish ski jumper who has competed since 2002. He represents Puijon Hiihtoseura as his ski club....

Matti Hautamäki
Matti Hautamäki
Matti Antero Hautamäki is a Finnish ski jumper.-Biography:Matti made his first ski-jumping attempts at the age of seven near his home town of Oulu. When his older brother Jussi and his friend Lauri Hakola moved to Kuopio, Matti followed them...

Ville Larinto
Ville Larinto
Ville Larinto is a Finnish ski jumper. Larinto made his World Cup debut in 2007-08, and picked up his first World Cup points in the Four Hills opener at Oberstdorf, Germany on 30 December 2007, when he finished 29th....

Veli-Matti Lindström
Veli-Matti Lindström
Veli-Matti Lindström is a Finnish ski jumper who has competed since 1999. He won a silver medal at the 2002 Winter Olympics in Salt Lake City in the team large hill event....

Germany   Michael Neumayer
Michael Neumayer
Michael Neumayer is a German ski jumper who has competed since 2001. He won a silver medal in the team normal hill at the 2005 FIS Nordic World Ski Championships in Oberstdorf and finished 32nd in the individual normal hill at those same championships.Neumayer also won a bronze in the team event...

Martin Schmitt
Martin Schmitt
Martin Schmitt is one of Germany's most successful ski jumpers. Beginning his competitive career at the Furtwangen area skiing club in Germany, his and Sven Hannawald's successes made their sport one of the most popular in the country...

Georg Späth
Georg Späth
Georg Späth is a German ski jumper who has competed since 1999. He won a silver medal in the team normal hill at the 2005 FIS Nordic World Ski Championships in Oberstdorf and finished 5th in the individual normal hill at those same championships.Späth won a bronze medal in the team event at the...

Andreas Wank
Andreas Wank
Andreas "Crafty" Wank is a German ski jumper and has a military rank of Corporal in the sports promotion of the Bundeswehr in Oberhof....

Pascal Bodmer
Pascal Bodmer
Pascal Bodmer is a German ski jumper who has competed since 2004. He finished 31st in the individual normal hill event at the 2010 Winter Olympics in Vancouver....

Italy   Sebastian Colloredo
Sebastian Colloredo
Sebastian Colloredo is an Italian ski jumper who has competed since 2002. Competing in two Winter Olympics, he earned his best finish of 11th in the team large hill event at Turin in 2006 while his best individual finish was 27th twice .Colloredo's best finish at the FIS Nordic World...

Andrea Morassi
Andrea Morassi
Andrea Morassi is an Italian ski jumper who has competed since 2003. Competing in two Winter Olympics, he had his best finish of 11th in the team large hill event at Turin in 2006 while earning his best individual finish of 36th in the individual normal hill event at those same games.Morassi's...

Roberto Dellasega
Roberto Dellasega
Roberto Dellasega is an Italian ski jumper who has competed since 2006. At the 2010 Winter Olympics, he finished 44th in the qualifying round of the individual large hill event while being disqualified in the individual normal hill event....

Japan   Noriaki Kasai
Noriaki Kasai
, born June 6, 1972 in Shimokawa, Hokkaidō, Japan, is a Japanese ski jumper.Kasai holds a record for most performances in World Cup. To a date of March 23, 2011 he performed record 435 times in World Cup...

Takanobu Okabe
Takanobu Okabe
is a Japanese ski jumper who has competed in the ski jumping World Cup since 1990.His debut World Cup performance was on December 16, 1989 in Sapporo and at the moment he is the oldest ski jumper in a world of ski jumping...

Kazuyoshi Funaki
Kazuyoshi Funaki
, born April 27, 1975 in Yoichi, Hokkaido) is a Japanese ski jumper.He ranked among the most successful sportsmen of its discipline, particularly in the 1990s. Funaki is known for his special variant of the V-style technique, where the body lies flat....

Daiki Ito
Daiki Ito
is a Japanese ski jumper who has competed since 2002. He won two bronze medals in the team large hill event at the FIS Nordic World Ski Championships ....

Shōhei Tochimoto
Korea   Choi Heung-Chul
Choi Heung-Chul
Choi, Heung-Chul is a South Korean ski jumper who has competed since 1997. Competing in four Winter Olympics, he earned his best finish of eighth in the team large hill event at Salt Lake City in 2002 and had his best individual finish of 30th in the individual normal hill event at those same...

Choi Yong-Jik
Choi Yong-Jik
Choi Yong-Jik is a South Korean ski jumper who has been competing since 1998. Competing in four Winter Olympics, he earned his best finish of eighth in the team large hill event at Salt Lake City in 2002 Winter Olympics and his best individual finish of 34th in the individual normal hill event at...

Kim Hyun-Ki
Kim Hyun-Ki
Kim Hyun-Ki is a South Korean ski jumper who has competed since 1998.Competing in four Winter Olympics, he earned his best finish of eighth in the team large hill event at Salt Lake City in 2002 while his best individual finish was 31st in the indiivdual large hill event at those same games.Kim's...

Kang Chil-Gu
Kang Chil-Gu
Kang Chil-Gu is a South Korean ski jumper who has competed since 2001. He finished eighth in the team large hill and 46th in the individual normal hill events at the 2002 Winter Olympics in Salt Lake City....

Norway   Tom Hilde
Tom Hilde
Tom Hilde is a Norwegian ski jumper who has competed since 2005. Having first competed with the Norwegian World Cup team in 2006, he won two silver medals in the team large hill event at the FIS Nordic World Ski Championships .Hilde also won a bronze medal in the team event at the FIS Ski-Flying...

Anders Jacobsen
Anders Jacobsen (ski jumper)
Anders Jacobsen is a Norwegian ski jumper, representing Ringkollen Skiklubb, and the youngest Norwegian to have won the Four Hills Tournament. He has competed since 2003.-Early career:...

Bjørn Einar Romøren
Bjørn Einar Romøren
Bjørn Einar Romøren is a Norwegian ski jumper representing Øvrevoll Hosle IL in Bærum.His first World Cup victory came in Bischofshofen, Austria during the Four Hills Tournament in January 2003. He has later won several World Cup competitions as well as two FIS Nordic World Ski Championships...

Anders Bardal
Anders Bardal
Anders Bardal is a Norwegian ski jumper who has competed since 2001. He won two silver medals in the team large hill event at the FIS Nordic World Ski Championships...

Johan Remen Evensen
Johan Remen Evensen
Johan Remen Evensen is a Norwegian ski jumper from Molde. A late bloomer, Evensen made his World Cup debut during the 2008–09 season at age 23, and earned a place in the Norwegian World Cup team following consecutive top-12 finishes at Granåsen...

Poland   Kamil Stoch
Kamil Stoch
Kamil Stoch is a Polish ski jumper.Competing in two Winter Olympics, he earned his best finish of fifth in the team large hill at Turin in 2006. At the 2006 Ski-flying World Championships in Kulm, he finished ninth in the team event and 35th in the individual event. Stoch won Poland Championship...

Stefan Hula
Stefan Hula, Jr.
Stefan Hula, Jr. is a Polish ski jumper who has competed since 2002. Competing in two Winter Olympics, he earned his best finish of fifth in the team large hill event at Turin in 2006....

Krzysztof Miętus
Krzysztof Mietus
Krzysztof Miętus is a Polish ski jumper who has competed since 2007. At the 2010 Winter Olympics, he finished 36th both in the individual large and normal hill events....

Marcin Bachleda
Marcin Bachleda
Marcin Bachleda is a Polish ski jumper.He made his World Cup debut in February 2001 in Willingen, and collected his first World Cup points with a 28th place in January 2002 in Zakopane. He has placed once among the top fifteen, with an eleventh place from November 2002 in Kuusamo...

Maciej Kot
Dawid Kubacki
Łukasz Rutkowski
Rafał Śliż
Slovenia   Robert Kranjec
Robert Kranjec
Robert Kranjec is a Slovenian ski jumper who has competed since 1998. He won a bronze medal at the 2002 Winter Olympics in Salt Lake City in the Team Large Hill event....

Jernej Damjan
Jernej Damjan
Jernej Damjan is a Slovenian ski jumper who has competed since 2002. He won a bronze medal in the team normal hill event at the 2005 FIS Nordic World Ski Championships in Oberstdorf and finished 28th in the individual large hill at those same championships.Damjan's best individual finish at the...

Peter Prevc
Peter Prevc
Peter Prevc is a Slovenian ski jumper who has competed since 2007. At the 2010 Winter Olympics, he finished seventh in the individual normal hill, eighth in the team large hill, and 16th in the individual large hill events....

Rok Urbanc
Rok Urbanc
Rok Urbanc is a Slovenian ski jumper. In Zakopane 2007 Urbanc won his first World Cup-win.-References:...

Juri Tepes
Switzerland   Simon Ammann
Simon Ammann
Simon Ammann is a Swiss ski jumper, and double Olympic Champion at both 2002 and 2010 Winter Olympics.Ammann was born in Grabs, Switzerland, to Margit and Heinrich Ammann and raised in Unterwasser, Switzerland. He has two brothers and three sisters. He married Yana Yanovskaya on 25 June 2010...

Marco Grigoli
Russia   Denis Kornilov
Denis Kornilov
Denis Aleksandrovich Kornilov is a Russian ski jumper who has been competing since 2003. His best finish at the FIS Nordic World Ski Championships was fifth in the team normal hill in 2005 FIS Nordic World Ski Championships and 23rd in the individual normal hill in 2007.Kornilov competed at two...

Dimitry Vassiliev
Dimitry Vassiliev
Dimitry Viktorovich Vassiliev is a Russian ski jumper who has been competing in the World Cup since 1999. His best finish at the World Championships is fifth in the team normal hill in Oberstdorf 2005 while his best individual finish was seventh in the individual large hill at the Sapporo 2007.At...

France   Emmanuel Chedal
Emmanuel Chedal
Emmanuel Chedal is a French ski jumper who has competed since 1999. Competing in two Winter Olympics, he earned his best finish of ninth in the team large hill event at Vancouver....

USA   Nicholas Alexander
Nicholas Alexander (ski jumper)
Nicholas "Nick" Alexander is an American ski jumper from Lebanon, New Hampshire, who has competed internationally since 2007. He won the 2010 Season, USA Men's National Ski Jumping Championships in Lake Placid, New York in October 2009...

Peter Frenette
Peter Frenette
Peter Frenette is an American ski jumper who has competed since 2009. At the 2010 Winter Olympics in Vancouver, he finished 11th in the team large hill, 32nd in the individual large hill, and 41st in the individual normal hill events....

Bulgaria   Vladimir Zografski
Vladimir Zografski
Vladimir Zografski, born 14 July 1993 in Samokov, Bulgaria is an Bulgarian ski jumper. He took a 43rd place in the K-90 Normal hill competition in the FIS Nordic World Ski Championships 2009 in Liberec, Czech Republic...


Female

Anette Sagen
Anette Sagen
Anette Sagen is a Norwegian ski jumper from Mosjøen, and one of the best female jumpers of all time. She received a lot of media attention in 2004, when she was denied the opportunity to jump K185 in Vikersund, in spite of her good results...

 Eva Ganster Lindsey Van
Lindsey Van
Lindsey Van is an American ski jumper who has competed since 2002. Van won a gold medal in the inaugural women's ski jumping event at the FIS Nordic World Ski Championships 2009 in Liberec and has a total of eight Continental Cup victories in her career.In 2008, Van's knee cartilage was crushed on...

 Jessica Jerome
Jessica Jerome
Jessica Jerome is an American ski jumper who has been competing since 2000. She started ski jumping at age of 7, and in 2001 became a Junior Olympic champion. She holds the honor of being a three-time national champion...

 Daniela Iraschko
Daniela Iraschko
Daniela Iraschko is an Austrian ski jumper who has been competing since 2000. She is best known for her three ski jumping victories at the Holmenkollen ski festival...

 Elena Runggaldier
Elena Runggaldier
Elena Runggaldier is an Italian ski jumper, who represents GS Fiamme Gialle.She made her debut in the Continental Cup, the highest level in women's ski jumping, on 16 January 2005 with a 23rd place in Planica...

 Evelyn Insam Lisa Demetz
Lisa Demetz
Lisa Demetz is an Italian ski jumper, who represents CS Esercito.She made her debut in the Continental Cup, the highest level in women's ski jumping, on 23 July 2004 with a 11th place in Park City...

 Coline Mattel
Coline Mattel
-Career:Coline Mattel made her debut in Ladies Continental Cup in Schonach at the age of 11. In her first Junior World Championships in Tarvisio in 2007 she was placed 18th. In the Junior World Championships 2009 in Strbske Pleso Mattel won the bronze medal in the individual competition.In World...

 Anna Hafele Magdalena Schnurr
Magdalena Schnurr
Magdalena Schnurr is a German ski jumper. She won the FIS Junior Ski Jumping World Championships 2009 in Štrbské Pleso. She finished in seventh place in the World Championship 2009 in Liberec. She has 4 wins from the Ladies Continental Cup in ski jumping .-References:...

 Ulrike Grässler
Ulrike Grässler
Ulrike Gräßler is a German ski jumper who has competed since 2003. She won a silver medal in the inaugural women's ski jumping event at the FIS Nordic World Ski Championships 2009 in Liberec....

 Line Jahr
Line Jahr
Line Jahr is a Norwegian ski jumper.She came in ninth place in the 2009 World Championship in Liberec, and finished fourth at the 2005 Winter Universiade....

 Jacqueline Seifriedsberger
Jacqueline Seifriedsberger
Jacqueline Seifriedsberger is an Austrian ski jumper, who represents SC Waldzell.She made her debut in the Continental Cup, the highest level in women's ski jumping, on 23 July 2004 with a 8th place in Park City...

 Juliane Seyfarth
Juliane Seyfarth
Juliane Seyfarth is a German ski jumper, who represents WSC 07 Ruhla.She made her debut in the Continental Cup, the highest level in women's ski jumping, on 23 July 2004 with a 13th place in Park City...

 Eva Logar
Eva Logar
Eva Logar is a Slovenian ski jumper, who represents the club SD Zabrdje.In the Continental Cup, the highest level in women's ski jumping, she has almost consistently placed among the top ten in the 2010/2011 season....

 Maja Vtič
Maja Vtič
Maja Vtič is a Slovenian ski jumper, who represents the club SD Zabrdje. She lives in Mirna, southeastern Slovenia.She placed fifth in the 2011 World Championship in Oslo. In January 2011, she won the national ski jumping competition....

 Anja Tepeš Špela Rogelj
Špela Rogelj
Špela Rogelj is a Slovenian ski jumper from Ljubljana.- Career :The first time Rogelj competed in Ski jumping Continental Cup was in Dobiacco, Italy when she was 13....

 Manja Pograjc

Unsuccessful

/  Vinko Bogataj
Vinko Bogataj
Vinko Bogataj is a former ski jumper from Slovenia who became noted on US television in the 1970s for a moment of spectacular failure that was featured on ABC's Wide World of Sports as the infamous Agony of Defeat....

 - Best known as "The Agony of Defeat man" because of the constant use of footage of his spectacular tumble in the title sequence
Title sequence
A Title Sequence is the method by which cinematic films or television programs present their title, key production and cast members, or both, utilizing conceptual visuals and sound...

 of ABC's Wide World of Sports Eddie "The Eagle" Edwards - Popular favourite at the 1988 Winter Olympics

Important venues

Ski jumping World Cup Engelberg
Engelberg
Engelberg is a village in the canton of Obwalden in Switzerland. Engelberg has a population of . , 21.0% of the population was made up of foreign nationals.It is the leading mountain resort in central Switzerland...

, Switzerland
Switzerland
Switzerland name of one of the Swiss cantons. ; ; ; or ), in its full name the Swiss Confederation , is a federal republic consisting of 26 cantons, with Bern as the seat of the federal authorities. The country is situated in Western Europe,Or Central Europe depending on the definition....

 Harrachov
Harrachov
Harrachov is a town on the Mumlava river in the northern Czech Republic, 300 m from the border with Poland. It is within the Krkonoše mountain range, about above sea level.-History:...

, Czech Republic
Czech Republic
The Czech Republic is a landlocked country in Central Europe. The country is bordered by Poland to the northeast, Slovakia to the east, Austria to the south, and Germany to the west and northwest....

 Kranj
Kranj
' is the third largest municipality and fourth largest city in Slovenia, with a population of 54,500 . It is located approximately 20 km north-west of Ljubljana...

, Slovenia
Slovenia
Slovenia , officially the Republic of Slovenia , is a country in Central and Southeastern Europe touching the Alps and bordering the Mediterranean. Slovenia borders Italy to the west, Croatia to the south and east, Hungary to the northeast, and Austria to the north, and also has a small portion of...

 Kulm
Kulm
The name Kulm is a German language toponym which is derived from the Latin culmen, meaning hill. It may be used as follows:-Places:Austria* Kulm bei Weiz, a municipality in Styria* Kulm am Zirbitz, a municipality in Styria...

, Austria
Austria
Austria , officially the Republic of Austria , is a landlocked country of roughly 8.4 million people in Central Europe. It is bordered by the Czech Republic and Germany to the north, Slovakia and Hungary to the east, Slovenia and Italy to the south, and Switzerland and Liechtenstein to the...

 Kuusamo
Kuusamo
Kuusamo is a town and municipality in Finland. It is located in the Oulu province and is part of the Northern Ostrobothnia region. The municipality has a population of and covers an area of of which is water. The population density is ....

, Finland
Finland
Finland , officially the Republic of Finland, is a Nordic country situated in the Fennoscandian region of Northern Europe. It is bordered by Sweden in the west, Norway in the north and Russia in the east, while Estonia lies to its south across the Gulf of Finland.Around 5.4 million people reside...

 Liberec
Liberec
Liberec is a city in the Czech Republic. Located on the Lusatian Neisse and surrounded by the Jizera Mountains and Ještěd-Kozákov Ridge, it is the fifth-largest city in the Czech Republic....

, Czech Republic
Czech Republic
The Czech Republic is a landlocked country in Central Europe. The country is bordered by Poland to the northeast, Slovakia to the east, Austria to the south, and Germany to the west and northwest....

 Planica
Planica
Planica is an alpine valley in northwestern Slovenia, extending south from the border village of Rateče, not far from another well-known ski resort, Kranjska Gora. Further south, the valley extends into the Tamar Valley, a popular hiking destination in Triglav National Park.Planica is famous for...

, Slovenia
Slovenia
Slovenia , officially the Republic of Slovenia , is a country in Central and Southeastern Europe touching the Alps and bordering the Mediterranean. Slovenia borders Italy to the west, Croatia to the south and east, Hungary to the northeast, and Austria to the north, and also has a small portion of...

 Predazzo
Predazzo
Predazzo is a comune of c. 4,400 inhabitants in Trentino in the northern Italian region Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol, located about 45 km northeast of Trento in the Val di Fiemme, at the confluence of the Travignolo stream with that Avisio River.The municipality of Predazzo contains the...

, Italy
Italy
Italy , officially the Italian Republic languages]] under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages. In each of these, Italy's official name is as follows:;;;;;;;;), is a unitary parliamentary republic in South-Central Europe. To the north it borders France, Switzerland, Austria and...

 Sapporo, Japan
Japan
Japan is an island nation in East Asia. Located in the Pacific Ocean, it lies to the east of the Sea of Japan, China, North Korea, South Korea and Russia, stretching from the Sea of Okhotsk in the north to the East China Sea and Taiwan in the south...

 Pragelato
Pragelato
Pragelato is a comune in the Province of Turin in the Italian region Piedmont, located about 60 km west of Turin, in the upper Val Chisone. The name Pragelato, meaning ‘icy meadow’, has been derived from the harsh climate and the fact that the ground is covered with ice for long periods...

, Italy
Italy
Italy , officially the Italian Republic languages]] under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages. In each of these, Italy's official name is as follows:;;;;;;;;), is a unitary parliamentary republic in South-Central Europe. To the north it borders France, Switzerland, Austria and...

 Trondheim
Trondheim
Trondheim , historically, Nidaros and Trondhjem, is a city and municipality in Sør-Trøndelag county, Norway. With a population of 173,486, it is the third most populous municipality and city in the country, although the fourth largest metropolitan area. It is the administrative centre of...

 (Granåsen
Granåsen
Granåsen is a ski jumping hill, located in Granåsen skicenter in Trondheim, Norway. The hill frequently hosts World Cup and Continental Cup competitions arranged by FIS. The hill sports one K-90 hill and one K-124 hill....

), Norway
Norway
Norway , officially the Kingdom of Norway, is a Nordic unitary constitutional monarchy whose territory comprises the western portion of the Scandinavian Peninsula, Jan Mayen, and the Arctic archipelago of Svalbard and Bouvet Island. Norway has a total area of and a population of about 4.9 million...

 Vikersund
Vikersund
Vikersund is a town of 2,448 inhabitants in the municipality capital of Modum, in the county of Buskerud, Norway.Vikersund is located 30 kilometers south of Hønefoss and 40 kilometers northwest of Drammen. The village is located at the southwestern arm of Tyrifjorden. The Drammen river enters...

 (Vikersundbakken
Vikersundbakken
Vikersundbakken is the only ski flying hill in the Nordic countries. With a hill and world record of 246,5 meters, Vikersundbakken is the world's largest ski jumping hill....

), Norway
Norway
Norway , officially the Kingdom of Norway, is a Nordic unitary constitutional monarchy whose territory comprises the western portion of the Scandinavian Peninsula, Jan Mayen, and the Arctic archipelago of Svalbard and Bouvet Island. Norway has a total area of and a population of about 4.9 million...

  Villach
Villach
Villach is the second largest city in the Carinthia state in the southern Austria, at the Drava River and represents an important traffic junction for Austria and the whole Alpe-Adria region. , the population is 58,480.-History:...

, Austria
Austria
Austria , officially the Republic of Austria , is a landlocked country of roughly 8.4 million people in Central Europe. It is bordered by the Czech Republic and Germany to the north, Slovakia and Hungary to the east, Slovenia and Italy to the south, and Switzerland and Liechtenstein to the...

 Willingen
Willingen
Willingen is a community in Waldeck-Frankenberg in northern Hesse, Germany, some 80 km west of Kassel.Willingen is regularly advertised as Willingen Hochsauerland and Willingen .-Location:...

, Germany
Germany
Germany , officially the Federal Republic of Germany , is a federal parliamentary republic in Europe. The country consists of 16 states while the capital and largest city is Berlin. Germany covers an area of 357,021 km2 and has a largely temperate seasonal climate...

 Zakopane
Zakopane
Zakopane , is a town in southern Poland. It lies in the southern part of the Podhale region at the foot of the Tatra Mountains. From 1975 to 1998 it was in of Nowy Sącz Province, but since 1999 it has been in Lesser Poland Province. It had a population of about 28,000 as of 2004. Zakopane is a...

, Poland
Poland
Poland , officially the Republic of Poland , is a country in Central Europe bordered by Germany to the west; the Czech Republic and Slovakia to the south; Ukraine, Belarus and Lithuania to the east; and the Baltic Sea and Kaliningrad Oblast, a Russian exclave, to the north...



Four Hills Tournament Oberstdorf
Oberstdorf
Oberstdorf is a municipality and skiing and hiking town in southwest Germany, located in the Allgäu region of the Bavarian Alps.At the center of Oberstdorf is a church whose tall spire serves as a landmark for navigating around town. The summits of the Nebelhorn and Fellhorn provide...

, Germany
Germany
Germany , officially the Federal Republic of Germany , is a federal parliamentary republic in Europe. The country consists of 16 states while the capital and largest city is Berlin. Germany covers an area of 357,021 km2 and has a largely temperate seasonal climate...

 Garmisch-Partenkirchen
Garmisch-Partenkirchen
Garmisch-Partenkirchen is a mountain resort town in Bavaria, southern Germany. It is the administrative centre of the district of Garmisch-Partenkirchen, in the Oberbayern region, and the district is on the border with Austria...

, Germany
Germany
Germany , officially the Federal Republic of Germany , is a federal parliamentary republic in Europe. The country consists of 16 states while the capital and largest city is Berlin. Germany covers an area of 357,021 km2 and has a largely temperate seasonal climate...

 Innsbruck
Innsbruck
- Main sights :- Buildings :*Golden Roof*Kaiserliche Hofburg *Hofkirche with the cenotaph of Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor*Altes Landhaus...

 (Bergisel
Bergisel
The Bergisel is a hill that lies to the south of Innsbruck, Austria, in the area of Wilten, where the Sill river meets the Inn Valley....

), Austria
Austria
Austria , officially the Republic of Austria , is a landlocked country of roughly 8.4 million people in Central Europe. It is bordered by the Czech Republic and Germany to the north, Slovakia and Hungary to the east, Slovenia and Italy to the south, and Switzerland and Liechtenstein to the...

 Bischofshofen
Bischofshofen
Bischofshofen is a city located in the Salzach valley in the Alps, in the District of Pongau, in Salzburgerland, Austria.The city is an important railway hub and lies at the Tauernautobahn, a highway route through the Alps....

, Austria
Austria
Austria , officially the Republic of Austria , is a landlocked country of roughly 8.4 million people in Central Europe. It is bordered by the Czech Republic and Germany to the north, Slovakia and Hungary to the east, Slovenia and Italy to the south, and Switzerland and Liechtenstein to the...



Nordic Tournament Lahti
Lahti
Lahti is a city and municipality in Finland.Lahti is the capital of the Päijänne Tavastia region. It is situated on a bay at the southern end of lake Vesijärvi about north-east of the capital Helsinki...

, Finland
Finland
Finland , officially the Republic of Finland, is a Nordic country situated in the Fennoscandian region of Northern Europe. It is bordered by Sweden in the west, Norway in the north and Russia in the east, while Estonia lies to its south across the Gulf of Finland.Around 5.4 million people reside...

 Kuopio
Kuopio
Kuopio is a city and a municipality located in the region of Northern Savonia, Finland. A population of makes it the ninth biggest city in the country. The city has a total area of , of which is water and half forest...

 (Puijo
Puijo
Puijo is a 150 metres high hill, the famous landmark of city of Kuopio in Finland and a tourist attraction.-Puijo Ridge:The ridge of Puijo is a well-known and popular recreation area. A 75 metres high observation tower, Puijo tower is atop the hill, near the city centre of Kuopio. The tower affords...

), Finland
Finland
Finland , officially the Republic of Finland, is a Nordic country situated in the Fennoscandian region of Northern Europe. It is bordered by Sweden in the west, Norway in the north and Russia in the east, while Estonia lies to its south across the Gulf of Finland.Around 5.4 million people reside...

 Lillehammer
Lillehammer
is a town and municipality in Oppland county, Norway, globally known for hosting the 1994 Winter Olympics. It is part of the traditional region of Gudbrandsdal. The administrative centre of the municipality is the town of Lillehammer. As of May 2011, the population of the town of Lillehammer was...

 (Lysgårdsbakkene
Lysgårdsbakkene Stadion
Lysgårdsbakken, officially known as Lysgårdsbakkene Ski Jumping Arena , is a ski jumping hill in Lillehammer, Norway. It consists of a large hill, with a K-point of 123 and a hill size of 138, and a small hill with a K-point of 90 and a hill size of 100...

), Norway
Norway
Norway , officially the Kingdom of Norway, is a Nordic unitary constitutional monarchy whose territory comprises the western portion of the Scandinavian Peninsula, Jan Mayen, and the Arctic archipelago of Svalbard and Bouvet Island. Norway has a total area of and a population of about 4.9 million...

 Oslo
Oslo
Oslo is a municipality, as well as the capital and most populous city in Norway. As a municipality , it was established on 1 January 1838. Founded around 1048 by King Harald III of Norway, the city was largely destroyed by fire in 1624. The city was moved under the reign of Denmark–Norway's King...

 (Holmenkollbakken), Norway
Norway
Norway , officially the Kingdom of Norway, is a Nordic unitary constitutional monarchy whose territory comprises the western portion of the Scandinavian Peninsula, Jan Mayen, and the Arctic archipelago of Svalbard and Bouvet Island. Norway has a total area of and a population of about 4.9 million...



National records

Rank Nation Record holder Length Venue Year Skis
1. Johan Remen Evensen
Johan Remen Evensen
Johan Remen Evensen is a Norwegian ski jumper from Molde. A late bloomer, Evensen made his World Cup debut during the 2008–09 season at age 23, and earned a place in the Norwegian World Cup team following consecutive top-12 finishes at Granåsen...

246.5 metres (808.7 ft) Vikersund
Vikersundbakken
Vikersundbakken is the only ski flying hill in the Nordic countries. With a hill and world record of 246,5 meters, Vikersundbakken is the world's largest ski jumping hill....

2011 Elan
Elan (company)
Elan is a Slovenian company, located in Begunje, specializing in the production of sporting goods. It is best known for its skis and snowboards. Other products include sailboats from 30 to 50 ft length, motor yachts, apparel , equipment for sports facilities...

2. Gregor Schlierenzauer
Gregor Schlierenzauer
Gregor Schlierenzauer - Schlieri is an Austrian ski jumper. He began his senior career in 2005–06 with one win and three additional podiums in the Ski Jumping Grand Prix, and made his World Cup debut in 2005—06 World Cup...

243.5 metres (798.9 ft) Vikersund 2011 Fischer
3. Janne Happonen
Janne Happonen
Janne Mikael Happonen is a Finnish ski jumper who has competed since 2002. He represents Puijon Hiihtoseura as his ski club....

240 metres (787.4 ft) Vikersund 2011 Fischer
4. Simon Ammann
Simon Ammann
Simon Ammann is a Swiss ski jumper, and double Olympic Champion at both 2002 and 2010 Winter Olympics.Ammann was born in Grabs, Switzerland, to Margit and Heinrich Ammann and raised in Unterwasser, Switzerland. He has two brothers and three sisters. He married Yana Yanovskaya on 25 June 2010...

238.5 metres (782.5 ft) Vikersund
Vikersund
Vikersund is a town of 2,448 inhabitants in the municipality capital of Modum, in the county of Buskerud, Norway.Vikersund is located 30 kilometers south of Hønefoss and 40 kilometers northwest of Drammen. The village is located at the southwestern arm of Tyrifjorden. The Drammen river enters...

2011 Fischer
5. Antonin Hajek
Antonín Hájek
Antonín Hájek is a ski jumper from the Czech Republic. His specialties include both individual ski jumping and ski flying.Hájek's best result in the World Cup is a 4th place in Tauplitz and Sapporo in 2010....

236 metres (774.3 ft) Planica 2010 Fischer
6. Robert Kranjec
Robert Kranjec
Robert Kranjec is a Slovenian ski jumper who has competed since 1998. He won a bronze medal at the 2002 Winter Olympics in Salt Lake City in the Team Large Hill event....

232 metres (761.2 ft) Vikersund 2011 Fischer
7. Adam Małysz 230.5 metres (756.2 ft) Vikersund 2011 Fischer
8. Dimitri Vassiliev 228 metres (748 ft) Planica 2005 Fischer
9. Michael Neumayer
Michael Neumayer
Michael Neumayer is a German ski jumper who has competed since 2001. He won a silver medal in the team normal hill at the 2005 FIS Nordic World Ski Championships in Oberstdorf and finished 32nd in the individual normal hill at those same championships.Neumayer also won a bronze in the team event...

227.5 metres (746.4 ft) Planica 2005 Atomic
Atomic Skis
Atomic is an Austrian company which manufactures and sells skiing equipment .-Background:...

10. Noriaki Kasai
Noriaki Kasai
, born June 6, 1972 in Shimokawa, Hokkaidō, Japan, is a Japanese ski jumper.Kasai holds a record for most performances in World Cup. To a date of March 23, 2011 he performed record 435 times in World Cup...

224 metres (734.9 ft) Planica 2010 Fischer
11. Alan Alborn
Alan Alborn
Alan Jacob Alborn is a former American ski jumper who has been competing since 1998. At the 2002 Winter Olympics in Salt Lake City, he finished 11th in the team large hill and 11th in the individual normal hill events....

221.5 metres (726.7 ft) Planica 2002 Fischer
12. Emmanuel Chedal
Emmanuel Chedal
Emmanuel Chedal is a French ski jumper who has competed since 1999. Competing in two Winter Olympics, he earned his best finish of ninth in the team large hill event at Vancouver....

215.5 metres (707 ft) Planica 2009 Fischer
13. Andrea Morassi
Andrea Morassi
Andrea Morassi is an Italian ski jumper who has competed since 2003. Competing in two Winter Olympics, he had his best finish of 11th in the team large hill event at Turin in 2006 while earning his best individual finish of 36th in the individual normal hill event at those same games.Morassi's...

215.5 metres (707 ft) Planica 2011 Elan
14. Isak Grimholm
Isak Grimholm
Isak Grimholm is a Swedish ski jumper.He made his Continental Cup debut in August 2002 in Marikollen, and his best result is a victory from Iron Mountain in February 2007. He participated in the FIS Junior World Ski Championships in 2002 and 2003...

207.5 metres (680.8 ft) Planica 2007 Elan
15. Petr Chaadaev
Petr Chaadaev (ski jumper)
Petr Chaadaev is a Belarusian ski jumper who has competed since 2001.Petr made his debut on November 17, 2001, He started in the Nordic Ski WC in Oberstdorf....

206.5 metres (677.5 ft) - - -
16. Radik Zhaparov
Radik Zhaparov
Radik Zhaparov is a Kazakh ski jumper who has competed since 2003. At the 2006 Winter Olympics in Turin, he finished 11th in the team large hill and 26th in the individual norma hill events....

196.5 metres (644.7 ft) Planica 2007 -
17. Martin Mesik
Martin Mesík
Martin Mesík is a Slovak ski jumper who holds the Slovak national record with 195.5 m which he set in Kulm 2006. Mesík, who became and elite ski jumper in 1995 was for a long time the only Slovak World Cup ski jumper and had to train by himself. In 2007 another Slovak made his way up to the World...

195.5 metres (641.4 ft) Kulm
Kulm (venue)
Kulm is a ski flying hill located in Tauplitz, Austria. It is one of only five venues of this type in the world, allowing for jumps of 200 metres and over...

2006 -
18. Jens Salumäe
Jens Salumäe
Jens Salumäe is an Estonian retired ski jumper and nordic combined skier who has been competing since 2002. He finished 23rd in the individual large hill event at the 2006 Winter Olympics in Turin....

195 metres (639.8 ft) Planica 2004 -
19. Stefan Read
Stefan Read
Stefan Read is a Canadian ski jumper who has competed since 2002. Competing in two Winter Olympics, he earned his best finish of 12th in the team large hill event at Vancouver in 2010....

191.5 metres (628.3 ft) Planica 2007 Elan
20. Choi Heung-Chul
Choi Heung-Chul
Choi, Heung-Chul is a South Korean ski jumper who has competed since 1997. Competing in four Winter Olympics, he earned his best finish of eighth in the team large hill event at Salt Lake City in 2002 and had his best individual finish of 30th in the individual normal hill event at those same...

191 metres (626.6 ft) - - Fischer
21. Vitaliy Shumbarets
Vitaliy Shumbarets
Vitaliy Shumbarets is a Ukrainian ski jumper who has competed since 2003. He finished 45th in the individual normal hill event at the 2010 Winter Olympics in Vancouver....

189.5 metres (621.7 ft) Planica 2009 Elan
22. Petar Fartunov
Petar Fartunov
Petar Fartunov is a Bulgarian ski jumper, born 1989. He holds the Bulgarian record in ski jumping because of his jump down to 175 metres in Planica 2009. He has also competed in the Olympic Games in Torino 2006. -Sources:...

175 metres (574.1 ft) Planica 2009 -
23. Christoph Kreuzer
Christoph Kreuzer
Christoph Kreuzer, born September 9, 1982, in Villach, Austria is a Dutch ski jumper. He holds the Dutch national record with 162 metres.He was 50th in the normal hill competition in World Championchips 2003 in Val di Fiemme, Italy. His best individual World Cup placement is 29th place from Sapporo...

162 metres (531.5 ft) - - -
24. Gabor Geller
Gabor Geller
Gabor Geller is a retired ski jumper from Hungary. He holds the Hungarian national record with 139 metres. His best World Cup placement is a 57th place from Innsbruck 1981. He first competed in World Cup 1979....

139 metres (456 ft) - - -
25. Baris Demirci
Barış Demirci
Barış Demirci is the first Turkish ski jumper. He holds the Turkish record at 123 metres.- Continental Cup :- FIS Cup :- Summer Continental Cup :-References:...

123 metres (403.5 ft) - - -
26. Dmitry Chvykov
Dmitry Chvykov
Dmitriy Chvykov is a retired Kyrgyz ski jumper. He holds the Kyrgyz national record of 123 metres. He competed for the Bishkek Ski Club, and was the only Kyrgyz ski jumper on his level....

122 metres (400.3 ft) - - -
27. Florin Spulber
Florin Spulber
Florin Spulber is the Romanian national ski jumping coach and a former ski jumper. He holds the Romanian record in ski jumping with a jump of 118 metres. He also holds the hill record in the K-110 at Borşa in Romania.-References:...

118 metres (387.1 ft) - - -
28. Tian Zhandong 118 metres (387.1 ft) - - -
29. Glynn Pedersen 113.5 metres (372.4 ft) - - -
30. Kakhaber Tsakadze
Kakhaber Tsakadze
Kakhaber Tsakadze, is a Georgian ski jumper. He competed in the 1994 Winter Olympics in Lillehammer 1998 Winter Olympics in Nagano. He did also compete in WC. and holds the Georgian record with 105,5 metres.Tsakadze retired in 2003....

105 metres (344.5 ft) - - -
31. Filipciuc Ivan 95 metres (311.7 ft) - - -
32. Mark Wayne Evans 85.5 metres (280.5 ft) - - -
33. Ferdinand Gomez 78 metres (255.9 ft) - - -
34. Sarahn Czizkabika 49.5 metres (162.4 ft) Gibswil 2011 -
35. Bozo Cvorovic 46 metres (150.9 ft) Zabijak - -
35. Toaripi Tuilimu 11 metres (36.1 ft) Gibswil 2012 -

Water ski jumping

The ski jump is performed on two long skis similar to those a beginner uses, with a specialized tailfin that is somewhat shorter and much wider (so it will support the weight of the skier when he is on the jump ramp). Skiers towed behind a boat at fixed speed, maneuver to achieve the maximum speed when hitting a ramp floating in the water, launching themselves into the air with the goal of traveling as far as possible before touching the water. Professional ski jumpers can travel up to 70 metres (229.7 ft). The skier must successfully land and retain control of the ski rope to be awarded the distance.

An extreme version of this sport named Ski Flying was promoted by Scot Ellis and Jim Cara, in which boat speeds and ramp heights are boosted because physics have proved that the standard 75 feet (22.9 m) line and traditional 35 miles per hour (56.3 km/h) boat speed is outrun by the skier and the pro skier was ahead of the boat, being held back by the line.

See also

  • Four Hills Tournament
    Four Hills Tournament
    The Four Hills Tournament is composed of four Ski Jumping World Cup events and has taken place in Germany and Austria each year since 1952.The Four Hills Tournament champion is the one who gets the most points over the four events...

  • Freestyle skiing
    Freestyle skiing
    Freestyle skiing is form of skiing which used to encompass two disciplines: aerials, and moguls. Except the two disciplines mentioned earlier Freestyle Skiing now consists of Skicross, Half Pipe and Slope Style...

  • List of FIS Ski Jumping World Cup team medalists
  • List of the longest ski jumps & World records
  • Medicinernes Skiklub Svartor
    Medicinernes Skiklub Svartor
    Medicinernes Skiklub Svartor is one of Norway's oldest active skiing clubs, established by Bernhard Matheson, Brynjulf Stendahl, Carl Manthey and Ragnar Mørk in 1890 to "advance skiing and comradeship" among medical students in Oslo...

  • Ski jumping at the Winter Olympics
    Ski jumping at the Winter Olympics
    Ski jumping has been included in the program of every Winter Olympic Games. From 1924 through 1956, the competition involved jumping from one hill whose length varied from each edition games to the next. Most historians have placed this length at 70 meters and have classified this as the large hill...

  • Ski jumping World Cup
    Ski jumping World Cup
    The FIS Ski Jumping World Cup is a ski jumping tournament held yearly by the International Ski Federation since 1979–80 season.- World Cup points :...

  • Skiing and Skiing Topics
    Skiing
    Skiing is a recreational activity using skis as equipment for traveling over snow. Skis are used in conjunction with boots that connect to the ski with use of a binding....



External links

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