Sebnitz is a town in the Sächsische Schweiz-Osterzgebirge
Sächsische Schweiz-Osterzgebirge
Sächsische Schweiz-Osterzgebirge is a district in the Free State of Saxony, Germany. It is named after the mountain ranges Saxon Switzerland and Erzgebirge.- History :...

 district, in the Free State of Saxony, Germany
Germany , officially the Federal Republic of Germany , is a federal parliamentary republic in Europe. The country consists of 16 states while the capital and largest city is Berlin. Germany covers an area of 357,021 km2 and has a largely temperate seasonal climate...



The town of Sebnitz lies in the valley of the River Sebnitz
Sebnitz (river)
The Sebnitz is the left, larger headstream of the Lachsbach and runs through both the Czech Republic] as well as the German Free State of Saxony...

 and its side valley
Side valley
The terms side valley and tributary valley refer to valleys whose brook or river is confluent to a greater one.Upstream, the valleys can be classified in an increasing order which is equivalent to the usual orographic order: the tributaries are ordered from those nearest to the source of the river...

s between 250 and 460 m above sea level between the mountains of Saxon Switzerland
Saxon Switzerland
Saxon Switzerland is a hilly climbing area and national park around the Elbe valley south-east of Dresden in Saxony, Germany. Together with the Bohemian Switzerland in the Czech Republic it forms the Elbe Sandstone Mountains....

 and the Lusatian Highlands. Topographically the town itself lies in the West Lusatian Upland, but lies right on the border with the Upper Lusatian Highlands. Because the natural region of Saxon Switzerlands is also very close by, the countryside around the town is very varied. The local hill of Sebnitz ist the Tanzplan which is on Czech territory.

The municipality consists of the town Sebnitz itself, Schönbach
Schönbach, Saxony
Schönbach is a municipality in the district Görlitz, in Saxony, Germany. It lies very close to the Czech Republic.- References :...

 (joined 1935), Hainersdorf (joined 1920), Hertigswalde (joined 1950) und Hinterhermsdorf (joined 1998). Hinterhermsdorf is situated about 5 km to the south-east of Sebnitz. Being separated from the remainder of Sebnitz by the municipality of Kirnitzschtal
Kirnitzschtal is a municipality in the Sächsische Schweiz-Osterzgebirge district, in Saxony, Germany.-Geography:The town is divided into 5 parishes and has its administrative seat in Lichtenhain:*Altendorf*Mittelndorf*Lichtenhain...

, it forms an exclave.


Sebnitz was first mentioned in a document of 1223/1241 outlining the borders between the kingdom of Bohemia
Bohemia is a historical region in central Europe, occupying the western two-thirds of the traditional Czech Lands. It is located in the contemporary Czech Republic with its capital in Prague...

 and the diocese of Meißen. In 1451 it was first mentioned as a town. A new town hall was built in 1714/1715, but was destroyed together with numerous other buildings, among them the school house, in a fire in 1854. Around 1900 Sebnitz became a centre of the manufacture of artificial flowers. From 1952 until 1994 the town was the administrative centre of the district Sebnitz
Kreis Sebnitz
Kreis Sebnitz was a Landkreis which existed in Bezirk Dresden in the German Democratic Republic from 1952 to 1990, with its capital at Sebnitz....

. Sebnitz hosted the Festival "Tag der Sachsen" in 2003.
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