Sagaing is the capital of Sagaing Region (formerly Sagaing Division) in Myanmar
Burma , officially the Republic of the Union of Myanmar , is a country in Southeast Asia. Burma is bordered by China on the northeast, Laos on the east, Thailand on the southeast, Bangladesh on the west, India on the northwest, the Bay of Bengal to the southwest, and the Andaman Sea on the south....

. Located on the Ayeyarwady River
Ayeyarwady River
The Irrawaddy River or Ayeyarwady River is a river that flows from north to south through Burma . It is the country's largest river and most important commercial waterway. Originating from the confluence of the N'mai and Mali rivers, it flows relatively straight North-South before emptying through...

, 20 km to the southwest of Mandalay
Mandalay is the second-largest city and the last royal capital of Burma. Located north of Yangon on the east bank of the Irrawaddy River, the city has a population of one million, and is the capital of Mandalay Region ....

 on the opposite bank of the river, Sagaing with numerous Buddhist monasteries is an important religious and monastic center. The pagodas and monasteries crowd the numerous hills along the ridge running parallel to the river. The central pagoda, Soon U Ponya Shin Pagoda, is connected by a set of covered staircases that run up the 240 m hill.

Sagaing was the capital of Sagaing Kingdom
Sagaing Kingdom
The Sagaing Kingdom was a kingdom that ruled a part of central Burma from 1315 to 1364. The kingdom was the western half of the old Myinsaing Kingdom, which itself was one of many petty kingdoms that emerged after the fall of the Pagan Empire in 1287...

 (1315–1364), one of the minor kingdoms that rose up after the fall of Pagan dynasty. During the Ava period
Ava Kingdom
The Ava Kingdom was the dominant kingdom that ruled upper Burma from 1364 to 1555. Founded in 1364, the kingdom was the successor state to the petty kingdoms that had ruled central Burma since the collapse of Pagan Empire in the late 13th century...

 (1364–1555), the city was the common fief of the crown prince or senior princes. The city briefly became the royal capital between 1760 and 1763 in the reign of King Naungdawgyi
Naungdawgyi was king of Konbaung Dynasty of Burma from 1760 to 1763. He was a top military commander in his father Alaungpaya's reunification campaigns of the country. As king, he spent much of his short reign suppressing multiple rebellions across the newly founded kingdom from Ava and Toungoo ...


On August 8, 1988, Sagaing was the site of demonstrations which were concluded by a massacre in which around 300 civilians were killed.

Today, the city is a frequent tourist destination of day trippers. The city is home to the Sagaing Institute of Education
Sagaing Institute of Education
The Sagaing Institute of Education , located in Sagaing, Sagaing Division, is one of two senior universities of education in Myanmar. Primarily a teacher training college, the institute offers Bachelor of Education degree programs in education to the country's prospective primary, secondary and...

 and the Sagaing Education College.


  • List of kings of Sagaing Kingdom
  • Sithu Kyawhtin
    Sithu Kyawhtin
    Sithu Kyawhtin was the last king of Ava who reigned from 1552 to 1555. The ethnically Shan king, a son of Sawlon the saopha of Mohnyin, came to power in 1552 after driving out King Mobye Narapati from Ava. In March 1555, Ava was taken by King Bayinnaung of Toungoo, and Sithu Kyawhtin was carried...

    , King of Ava (1552–1555)
  • Zhu Youlang, Prince of Gui
    Zhu Youlang, Prince of Gui
    Zhu Youlang, Prince of Gui, the Yongli Emperor was the fourth and last emperor of the Southern Ming Dynasty of China. His era name means "Perpetual calendar"....

    , last Ming Dynasty
    Ming Dynasty
    The Ming Dynasty, also Empire of the Great Ming, was the ruling dynasty of China from 1368 to 1644, following the collapse of the Mongol-led Yuan Dynasty. The Ming, "one of the greatest eras of orderly government and social stability in human history", was the last dynasty in China ruled by ethnic...

     claimant to China
    Chinese civilization may refer to:* China for more general discussion of the country.* Chinese culture* Greater China, the transnational community of ethnic Chinese.* History of China* Sinosphere, the area historically affected by Chinese culture...

    , lived in exile at Sagaing in 1661.
  • Maurice Collis
    Maurice Collis
    Maurice Stewart Collis was an administrator in Burma when it was part of the British Empire, and afterwards a writer on Southeast Asia, China and other historical subjects.-Life:...

    , author of Trials in Burma
    Trials in Burma
    Trials in Burma is a memoir by Maurice Collis, an English author of Irish origin who served in Burma in the Indian Civil Service under the British Empire written in 1937 describing events in 1929-30....

    , was district commissioner of the Sagaing district in 1928.
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