Royal Warrant
Overview
 
Royal warrants of appointment have been issued for centuries to those who supply goods or services to a royal court or certain royal personages. The warrant enables the supplier to advertise the fact that they supply to the royal family, so lending prestige to the supplier. Several royal families allow tradesmen to advertise royal patronage, including those of the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern IrelandIn the United Kingdom and Dependencies, other languages have been officially recognised as legitimate autochthonous languages under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages...

, the Netherlands
Netherlands
The Netherlands is a constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, located mainly in North-West Europe and with several islands in the Caribbean. Mainland Netherlands borders the North Sea to the north and west, Belgium to the south, and Germany to the east, and shares maritime borders...

, Belgium
Belgium
Belgium , officially the Kingdom of Belgium, is a federal state in Western Europe. It is a founding member of the European Union and hosts the EU's headquarters, and those of several other major international organisations such as NATO.Belgium is also a member of, or affiliated to, many...

, Thailand
Thailand
Thailand , officially the Kingdom of Thailand , formerly known as Siam , is a country located at the centre of the Indochina peninsula and Southeast Asia. It is bordered to the north by Burma and Laos, to the east by Laos and Cambodia, to the south by the Gulf of Thailand and Malaysia, and to the...

, Denmark
Denmark
Denmark is a Scandinavian country in Northern Europe. The countries of Denmark and Greenland, as well as the Faroe Islands, constitute the Kingdom of Denmark . It is the southernmost of the Nordic countries, southwest of Sweden and south of Norway, and bordered to the south by Germany. Denmark...

 and Sweden
Sweden
Sweden , officially the Kingdom of Sweden , is a Nordic country on the Scandinavian Peninsula in Northern Europe. Sweden borders with Norway and Finland and is connected to Denmark by a bridge-tunnel across the Öresund....

.

Suppliers continue to charge for their goods and services – a warrant does not imply that they provide goods and services free of charge.
Encyclopedia
Royal warrants of appointment have been issued for centuries to those who supply goods or services to a royal court or certain royal personages. The warrant enables the supplier to advertise the fact that they supply to the royal family, so lending prestige to the supplier. Several royal families allow tradesmen to advertise royal patronage, including those of the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern IrelandIn the United Kingdom and Dependencies, other languages have been officially recognised as legitimate autochthonous languages under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages...

, the Netherlands
Netherlands
The Netherlands is a constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, located mainly in North-West Europe and with several islands in the Caribbean. Mainland Netherlands borders the North Sea to the north and west, Belgium to the south, and Germany to the east, and shares maritime borders...

, Belgium
Belgium
Belgium , officially the Kingdom of Belgium, is a federal state in Western Europe. It is a founding member of the European Union and hosts the EU's headquarters, and those of several other major international organisations such as NATO.Belgium is also a member of, or affiliated to, many...

, Thailand
Thailand
Thailand , officially the Kingdom of Thailand , formerly known as Siam , is a country located at the centre of the Indochina peninsula and Southeast Asia. It is bordered to the north by Burma and Laos, to the east by Laos and Cambodia, to the south by the Gulf of Thailand and Malaysia, and to the...

, Denmark
Denmark
Denmark is a Scandinavian country in Northern Europe. The countries of Denmark and Greenland, as well as the Faroe Islands, constitute the Kingdom of Denmark . It is the southernmost of the Nordic countries, southwest of Sweden and south of Norway, and bordered to the south by Germany. Denmark...

 and Sweden
Sweden
Sweden , officially the Kingdom of Sweden , is a Nordic country on the Scandinavian Peninsula in Northern Europe. Sweden borders with Norway and Finland and is connected to Denmark by a bridge-tunnel across the Öresund....

.

Suppliers continue to charge for their goods and services – a warrant does not imply that they provide goods and services free of charge. The warrant is typically advertised on company hoardings, letter-heads and products by displaying the coat of arms
Coat of arms
A coat of arms is a unique heraldic design on a shield or escutcheon or on a surcoat or tabard used to cover and protect armour and to identify the wearer. Thus the term is often stated as "coat-armour", because it was anciently displayed on the front of a coat of cloth...

 or the heraldic badge
Heraldic badge
A heraldic badge is an emblem or personal device worn as a badge to indicate allegiance to or the property of an individual or family. Medieval forms are usually called a livery badge, and also a cognizance...

 of the royal personage as appropriate. Underneath the coat of arms will usually appear the phrase "By Appointment to…" followed by the title and name of the royal customer, and then what goods are provided. No other details of what is supplied may be given.

Royal warrant holders of the Court of Belgium

See Fournisseur breveté de la Cour de Belgique


List of royal warrant holders (select 'complete list')

Purveyors to the Dutch Court

The status 'purveyor to the court' (hofleverancier) is awarded to small and medium sized businesses that have existed for at least 100 years, and who have a good reputation regionally. They need not actually supply goods to the court. The status is renewable every 25 years. At present there are at least 387 companies who can hold this status.

For large, multinational, enterprises and for non-governmental organizations the use of the designation koninklijke or royal can be awarded. These enterprises are also allowed to incorporate a crown in their logo. Examples are KLM Royal Dutch Airlines, Royal Dutch Shell
Royal Dutch Shell
Royal Dutch Shell plc , commonly known as Shell, is a global oil and gas company headquartered in The Hague, Netherlands and with its registered office in London, United Kingdom. It is the fifth-largest company in the world according to a composite measure by Forbes magazine and one of the six...

, Royal Philips Electronics
Philips
Koninklijke Philips Electronics N.V. , more commonly known as Philips, is a multinational Dutch electronics company....

, and KPN
KPN
KPN is a Dutch landline and mobile telecommunications company, including both 2G and 3G mobile operations...

.

Purveyors to the Japanese Imperial Household Agency

After World War II, the permission system was abolished, but purveyors still exist today
  • Kikkoman
    Kikkoman
    is an international company based in Japan.Founded in 1917, it is based in Noda, Chiba Prefecture, Japan. It is a combination of 8 family-owned businesses founded as early as 1603 by the Mogi and Takanashi families....

     - Soy sauce
    Soy sauce
    Soy sauce is a condiment produced by fermenting soybeans with Aspergillus oryzae or Aspergillus sojae molds, along with water and salt...

  • Nissin Foods – food
  • Toyota – motor vehicles
  • Manyoken – catering
  • Yamada Heiando – lacquerware
    Lacquerware
    Lacquerware are objects decoratively covered with lacquer. The lacquer is sometimes inlaid or carved. Lacquerware includes boxes, tableware, buttons and even coffins painted with lacquer in cultures mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere.-History:...


High Patronage of the Monaco Royal Family

  • Chocolaterie de Monaco – chocolates
  • British Theatre Season, Monaco – theatre
  • Lexus
    Lexus
    is the luxury vehicle division of Japanese automaker Toyota Motor Corporation. First introduced in 1989 in the United States, Lexus is now sold globally and has become Japan's largest-selling make of premium cars. The Lexus marque is marketed in over 70 countries and territories worldwide, and has...

     – Automobiles

Purveyors to the Imperial and Royal Court of Austria-Hungary

See K.u.k. Hoflieferant

  • Augarten porcelain
    Augarten porcelain
    ----The Porzellanmanufaktur Augarten is named after the palais and park where it is located in Leopoldstadt, Vienna, Austria....

     – porcelain and china
  • J. A. Baczewski
    J. A. Baczewski
    J. A. Baczewski was a Polish company most well-known for its fine spirits such as vodka and gin. The factory, dating back to late 18th century, was based in Lwów and until 1939 was one of two most popular Polish export goods.- History :...

     – vodka
  • Bakalowits
    Bakalowits
    Bakalowits is a producer of crystal chandeliers based in Vienna. It was founded in 1845 by Elias Bakalowits. The company became very successful in providing crystal as well as lighting for palaces ad other notable buildings...

     – crystal chandeliers
  • Jan Becher
    Jan Becher
    Jan Becher is a Czech liqueur company headquartered in Karlovy Vary. The most famous product of Becher is Becherovka.- History :The company Jan Becher — Karlovarská Becherovka, a.s., dates back 200 years to the first decade of the 19th century. In 1807, Josef Becher, a pharmacist from Karlovy Vary,...

     – herbal bitter
  • Lucas Bols
    Lucas Bols
    Lucas Bols is a privately held Dutch company in the business of production, distribution, sales and marketing of alcoholic beverages. It is the oldest Dutch company still active and the oldest distillery brand in the world. Its brand portfolio consists of Bols, Galliano, Vaccari, Pisang Ambon,...

     – liqueurs
  • Ignaz Bösendorfer
    Ignaz Bösendorfer
    Ignaz Bösendorfer was an Austrian musician who founded the Bösendorfer piano manufacturing company in 1828....

     – pianos
  • Christofle
    Christofle
    Christofle is a manufacturer of fine silver flatware and home accessories based in France since 1830. They are renowned for their sterling, silverplate and stainless flatware. Among Christofle's product lines are silver picture frames, crystal vases and glassware, porcelain dinnerware and silver...

     – silverware
  • Courvoisier
    Courvoisier
    Courvoisier is a brand of cognac owned by Beam Inc.. The production is now based in the town of Jarnac in the Charente department of France...

     – cognac
  • Demel
    Demel
    Hofzuckerbäckerei Demel, or simply Der Demel, is a famous pastry shop and chocolatier in Vienna, Austria. It was founded in 1786 on the Michaelerplatz. In 1857, August Dehne gave the company to Christof Demel, who moved the bakery to the Kohlmarkt, where the Demel is still located today in its...

     – chocolate and confectionery
  • Farina Gegenüber – eau de Cologne to Franz Joseph I
    Franz Joseph I of Austria
    Franz Joseph I or Francis Joseph I was Emperor of Austria, King of Bohemia, King of Croatia, Apostolic King of Hungary, King of Galicia and Lodomeria and Grand Duke of Cracow from 1848 until his death in 1916.In the December of 1848, Emperor Ferdinand I of Austria abdicated the throne as part of...

     (1872)
  • E. Fessler
    E. Fessler
    E. Fessler is a stove-fitter company that produces stoves, fireplaces and other ceramics in Vienna. The company headquarters is located at the Mozartgasse 3 in the 4th District Wieden....

     – ovens
  • Móric Fischer de Farkasházy, owner of Herend Porcelain Manufactory – porcelain
  • Café Gerbeaud
    Café Gerbeaud
    ----Café Gerbeaud, situated at Vörösmarty tér 7 in Budapest, the capital of Hungary, is one of the greatest and most traditional coffeehouses in Europe. Today still, it shines in Gründerzeit style with its stucco, the grand chandeliers, the panelling made of exotic woods and its furniture...

     – cakes and pastries
  • Gräf & Stift
    Gräf & Stift
    Gräf & Stift was an Austrian manufacturer of automobiles, trucks, buses and trolleybuses, from 1902 until 2001, latterly as a subsidiary of MAN. Founded in 1902 by the brothers Franz, Heinrich and Karl Gräf, and the investor, Wilhelm Stift...

     – carriages
  • Hancocks & Co – jewelry
  • L. & C. Hardtmuth – ovens and pencils
  • Antoni Hawełka
    Antoni Hawełka
    Antoni Hawełka was a Polish merchant and caterer, born in Kęty in Moravia.Hawełka was the founder of a well-known restaurant Pod Palmą on the Main Market Square in Kraków...

     - catering
  • J. A. Henckels
    J. A. Henckels
    J.A. Henckels is a knife manufacturer based in Solingen, Germany. Henckels is one of the largest and oldest manufacturers of kitchen knives, scissors, cookware and flatware.-History:...

     – knifes
  • Hotel Imperial
    Hotel Imperial
    The Hotel Imperial, also known as Imperial, Wien or simply The Imperial, is a five-star luxury hotel in Vienna, Austria. It is located at Kärntner Ring on the Ringstraße....

     – catering
  • Liebig's Extract of Meat Company – processed meats
  • Löblich & Co. – heating
  • Lohner-Werke – carriages
  • Girolamo Luxardo – apéritif and digestif
  • Rémy Martin
    Rémy Martin
    Rémy Martin is a brand selling cognac , specialist of the Cognac Fine Champagne originally produced by Rémy Martin, a French winemaker, who founded the company in 1724...

     – champagne
  • Moët et Chandon
    Moët et Chandon
    Moët & Chandon , or Moët, is a French winery and co-owner of the luxury goods company Moët-Hennessy • Louis Vuitton. Moët et Chandon is one of the world's largest champagne producers and a prominent champagne house. The company holds a Royal Warrant to supply champagne to Elizabeth II...

     – champagne
  • Moser (glass company) – glass and crystal
  • Ferdinand Mülhens
    Ferdinand Mülhens
    Ferdinand Mülhens was a land owner and entrepreneur in Königswinter, Germany. Mülhens was born in Cologne....

    , owner of the 4711 (brand) – perfume
  • G. H. Mumm – champagne
  • Paulaner Brewery – beer
  • Peek Freans
    Peek Freans
    Peek Frean is a brand of biscuits and related confectionery. The brand is owned in the UK by United Biscuits, although the Peek Frean name is no longer used in the UK. In the US and Canada the brand is owned by Kraft Foods.-History:...

     – cookies
  • Pilsner Urquell
    Pilsner Urquell
    Plzeňský Prazdroj , known better by its German name Pilsner Urquell , is a bottom-fermented beer produced since 1842 in Pilsen, part of today's Czech Republic. Pilsner Urquell was the first pilsner beer in the world...

     – beer
  • Rieger Orgelbau
    Rieger Orgelbau
    Rieger Orgelbau is an Austrian firm of organ builders, known generally as Rieger. The firm was founded by Franz Rieger. From 1873 it was known as Rieger & Söhne, and from 1879 as Gebrüder Rieger, after his sons took over. At the end of World War II, the firm was nationalised by the Czech government...

     – organs
  • Louis Roederer
    Louis Roederer
    Louis Roederer is a producer of champagne based in Reims, France. Founded in 1776, it was inherited and renamed by Louis Roederer in 1833, and is noted as the producer of the luxury champagne Cristal.-History:...

     – champagne
  • Royal Worcester
    Royal Worcester
    Royal Worcester is believed to be the oldest remaining English pottery brand still in existence today.-Overview:Royal Worcester is a British brand known for its history, provenance and classically English collections of porcelain...

     – porcelain
  • Eduard Sacher, owner of the Hotel Sacher
    Hotel Sacher
    The Hotel Sacher is a five-star hotel in the Innenstadt district of Vienna, Austria, next to the Staatsoper. It is famous for the specialty of the house, the Sachertorte, a chocolate cake with apricot filling. There is also an art gallery in the hotel with works from the 19th century...

     – cakes and pastries
  • Robert Schlumberger von Goldeck – sparkling wine
  • Schweighofer
    Schweighofer
    Schweighofer was a famous piano manufacturer of Vienna, Austria.Established in 1792, its founder was Michael Schweighofer, who lived from 1771 to 1809. Piano manufacturing was continued by his son, Johann Michael Schweighofer, and subsequently his heirs. It continued to make pianos until...

     – pianos
  • William Steinway
    William Steinway
    William Steinway, also Wilhelm Steinway, born Wilhelm Steinweg , son of Steinway & Sons founder Henry E. Steinway, was a businessman and civic leader who was influential in the development of Astoria, New York....

     – pianos
  • Baron Raimund von Stillfried
    Baron Raimund von Stillfried
    Baron Raimund von Stillfried, also known as Baron Raimund von Stillfried-Rathenitz , was an Austrian photographer.He was a son of August Wilhelm Freiherr Stillfried von Rathenitz Baron Raimund von Stillfried, also known as Baron Raimund von Stillfried-Rathenitz (6 August 1839, Komotau  – 12...

     – photos
  • Gebrüder Thonet
    Gebrüder Thonet
    Gebrüder Thonet is a European furniture manufacturer based in the German town of Frankenberg, Hesse. It was founded by Michael Thonet. It merged with Mundus in 1922....

     – furniture
  • Michael Thonet
    Michael Thonet
    Michael Thonet was a German-Austrian cabinet maker.Thonet was the son of master tanner Franz Anton Thonet of Boppard. Following a carpenter's apprenticeship, Thonet set himself up as an independent cabinetmaker in 1819. A year later, he married Anna Grahs, with whom he had seven sons and six...

     – furniture
  • Charles Lewis Tiffany
    Charles Lewis Tiffany
    Charles Lewis Tiffany founded Tiffany & Co. in New York City in 1837. A leader in the American jewelry trade in the nineteenth century, he was known for his jewelry expertise, created the country's first retail catalog, and, in 1851, he introduced the English standard of sterling silver.His son,...

     – jewelry and silverware
  • Törley
    Törley
    Törley is the leading sparkling wine producer in Hungary. It was founded by József Törley in 1882 in Budafok and over the course of history became one of the leading sparkling wine producers in Europe.- History :...

     – sparkling wine
  • Underberg
    Underberg
    Underberg is a digestif bitter produced in Germany by Underberg AG, made of aromatic herbs from 43 countries. The exact number and identity of the herbs remain a well-guarded secret.-History:...

     – digestif bitter
  • John Thomas Underwood
    John Thomas Underwood
    John Thomas Underwood was an American entrepreneur and inventor who founded the Underwood Typewriter Company.He was the elder brother of missionary Horace Grant Underwood, and helped finance Horace's missionary work....

     – typewriters
  • Veuve Clicquot
    Veuve Clicquot
    Veuve Clicquot Ponsardin is both a champagne house in Reims, France, and a brand of premium champagne. Founded in 1772 by Philippe Clicquot-Muiron, Veuve Clicquot played an important role in establishing champagne as a favored drink of haute bourgeoisie and nobility throughout Europe...

     – champagne
  • Nathaniel Wheeler
    Nathaniel Wheeler
    Nathaniel Wheeler was an American manufacturer and legislator.- Family background :...

     – sewing machines
  • Wilhelm J. Sluka
    Wilhelm J. Sluka
    Wilhelm J. Sluka or the Conditorei Sluka is a famous Konditorei and café in Vienna, and a traditional k.u.k. Hoflieferant.It is located at Rathausplatz 8 in the first district of Vienna, the Innere Stadt....

     – cakes and pastries
  • Zwack – herbal liquors
  • Charbonnel et Walker
    Charbonnel et Walker
    Charbonnel et Walker Chocolatier is a firm of chocolate makers based in Bond Street London. Its current Chairman, Galvin Weston, has greatly expanded the business and has made Charbonnel a very 'high end' chocolate and its chocolates have even been presented to Queen Elizabeth II.- History...

     - chocolatiers
  • Tabasco Sauce
    Tabasco sauce
    Tabasco sauce is the brand name for a hot sauce produced by US-based McIlhenny Company of Avery Island, Louisiana. Tabasco sauce is made from tabasco peppers , vinegar, and salt, and aged in white oak barrels for three years. It has a hot, spicy flavor...

     - pepper sauce


Purveyors to the Court of France

  • Moutard – printer and bookseller to Queen Marie-Antoinette, to Princess Marie Joséphine of Savoy, and to Princess Maria Theresa of Savoy (1770–1792)
  • Marc-Etienne Janety – master goldsmith and jeweler to Louis XVI
    Louis XVI of France
    Louis XVI was a Bourbon monarch who ruled as King of France and Navarre until 1791, and then as King of the French from 1791 to 1792, before being executed in 1793....

     (1777–1792)
  • Farina Gegenüber – eau de Cologne to Napoleon I
    Napoleon I of France
    Napoleon Bonaparte was a French military and political leader during the latter stages of the French Revolution.As Napoleon I, he was Emperor of the French from 1804 to 1815...

     (1811) and to Napoleon III
    Napoleon III of France
    Louis-Napoléon Bonaparte was the President of the French Second Republic and as Napoleon III, the ruler of the Second French Empire. He was the nephew and heir of Napoleon I, christened as Charles Louis Napoléon Bonaparte...

     (1867)
  • Debauve & Gallais
    Debauve & Gallais
    Debauve & Gallais, is a French chocolate manufacturer founded by Sulpice Debauve in 1800. After his nephew Antoine Gallais joined the company in 1823, the company adopted their current name...

     – chocolates to Louis XVIII
    Louis XVIII of France
    Louis XVIII , known as "the Unavoidable", was King of France and of Navarre from 1814 to 1824, omitting the Hundred Days in 1815...

     (1819)
  • Guerlain
    Guerlain
    Guerlain is a French perfume house, among the oldest in the world. It has a large and loyal customer following, and is held in high esteem in the perfume industry...

     – eau de Cologne to Napoleon III (1868)

Purveyors to the Portuguese Royal Family

  • Farina Gegenüber – eau de Cologne to Luís I
    Luís I of Portugal
    |-...

     (1866)

Purveyors to the Romanian Royal House

  • Farina Gegenüber – eau de Cologne to Carol I
    Carol I of Romania
    Carol I , born Prince Karl of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen was reigning prince and then King of Romania from 1866 to 1914. He was elected prince of Romania on 20 April 1866 following the overthrow of Alexandru Ioan Cuza by a palace coup...

     (1881)
  • Steinway & Sons
    Steinway & Sons
    Steinway & Sons, also known as Steinway , is an American and German manufacturer of handmade pianos, founded 1853 in Manhattan in New York City by German immigrant Heinrich Engelhard Steinweg...

     – pianos
  • M. Welte & Söhne
    Welte-Mignon
    M. Welte & Sons, Freiburg and New York was a manufacturer of orchestrions, organs and reproducing pianos, established in Vöhrenbach by Michael Welte in 1832.-Overview:...

     – orchestrion
    Orchestrion
    An orchestrion is a generic name for a machine that plays music and is designed to sound like an orchestra or band. Orchestrions may be operated by means of a large pinned cylinder or by a music roll and less commonly book music. The sound is usually produced by pipes, though they will be voiced...

    s, reproducing pianos (1894, 1910)
  • Murfatlar SA – wines to Michael (2003)
  • Frottirex – bath towels and bedding to Michael (2005)
  • Doina Levintza – clothing and accessories to Michael (2005)
  • Dan Coma – clothing and accessories to Michael (2005)
  • Halewood International – Rhein extra sparkling wines to Michael (2006)
  • SC Transavia SA – chicken meat to Michael (2005)
  • Principal Company SA – Salonta
    Salonta
    Salonta is a city in Bihor County, Transylvania, Romania, near the Hungarian border.-Population:According to the last Romanian census from 2002, the city has a population of 18,074, made up of Hungarians , Romanians , Roma , and others .In terms of religion, 51.12% are Reformed , 36.46% Romanian...

     sausage products to Michael (2007)
  • Biborţeni – mineral water to Michael (2008)
  • Carol Parc Hotel
    Carol Parc Hotel
    The Carol Parc Hotel in Bucharest, Romania, is a five star hotel near historical Carol Park. Opened in 2007, it quickly gained the reputation as one of Bucharest's most exclusive boutique hotels. It contains one of the largest Murano crystal chandeliers in the world, stretching over four stories tall...

     – Hotelier and catering services (2011)
  • RUE DU PAIN - Boulangerie Artisanale – bakery, pastry and confectionery products (2011)

Purveyors to the Court of Prussia

See Liste preußischer Hoflieferanten

  • Farina Gegenüber – eau de Cologne to Friedrich Wilhelm IV
    Frederick William IV of Prussia
    |align=right|Upon his accession, he toned down the reactionary policies enacted by his father, easing press censorship and promising to enact a constitution at some point, but he refused to enact a popular legislative assembly, preferring to work with the aristocracy through "united committees" of...

     (1841), Wilhelm I
    William I, German Emperor
    William I, also known as Wilhelm I , of the House of Hohenzollern was the King of Prussia and the first German Emperor .Under the leadership of William and his Chancellor Otto von Bismarck, Prussia achieved the unification of Germany and the...

     (1871), to Friedrich III
    Frederick III, German Emperor
    Frederick III was German Emperor and King of Prussia for 99 days in 1888, the Year of the Three Emperors. Friedrich Wilhelm Nikolaus Karl known informally as Fritz, was the only son of Emperor William I and was raised in his family's tradition of military service...

     (1888) and to Wilhelm II (1888)

Purveyors to the Court of Bavaria

See Liste bayerischer Hoflieferanten
  • FA Ackermanns Kunstverlag – art publishing (1879)
  • Eilles – coffee and tea (1873)
  • Farina Gegenüber – eau de Cologne to Ludwig II (1872)
  • Fr. Ant. Prantl – printing and leather goods (1797)

Purveyors to the Italian Royal Family

  • Acqua di Biella – eau de Cologne to Umberto I (1878)
  • Ballarino (Cavour) – jewellery to S.A.R. the Prince Amedeo of Savoy, patent n° 01/07
  • Baratti & Milano (Turin) – sweets
  • Bianchi – cars
  • Caffarel
    Caffarel
    Caffarel is a chocolate manufacturing company with a long history, currently based at Luserna San Giovanni, Italy. It is now a subsidiary of Lindt & Sprüngli.-References:* - investor information, list of subsidiaries....

     (Turin) – chocolate
  • Caraceni (Milan) – clothes
  • Fratelli Carli (Imperia) – olive oil
  • Farina Gegenüber – eau de Cologne to HM King Vittorio Emanuele II (1876)
  • Florio (Marsala) – wine
  • Gancia – wine
  • Marinella (Naples) – ties
  • Martini & Rossi – liquor
  • Musy, Padre & Figli (Turin) – jewellery
  • Pernigotti
    Pernigotti
    Pernigotti is an Italian manufacturer of chocolate , nougats, Easter eggs and ice creams....

     – chocolate
  • Petochi (Rome) – jewellery
  • Prada (Milan) – clothes
  • Sperlari – food
  • Steinway & Sons
    Steinway & Sons
    Steinway & Sons, also known as Steinway , is an American and German manufacturer of handmade pianos, founded 1853 in Manhattan in New York City by German immigrant Heinrich Engelhard Steinweg...

     – pianos
  • Luigi Borrelli (Naples) - clothing

Purveyors to the sultans of the Ottoman Empire

  • M. Welte & Söhne
    Welte-Mignon
    M. Welte & Sons, Freiburg and New York was a manufacturer of orchestrions, organs and reproducing pianos, established in Vöhrenbach by Michael Welte in 1832.-Overview:...

    , orchestrion
    Orchestrion
    An orchestrion is a generic name for a machine that plays music and is designed to sound like an orchestra or band. Orchestrions may be operated by means of a large pinned cylinder or by a music roll and less commonly book music. The sound is usually produced by pipes, though they will be voiced...

    s (1896)

Purveyors to the Russian Imperial Family

  • Farina Gegenüber – eau de Cologne to Nicholas I
    Nicholas I of Russia
    Nicholas I , was the Emperor of Russia from 1825 until 1855, known as one of the most reactionary of the Russian monarchs. On the eve of his death, the Russian Empire reached its historical zenith spanning over 20 million square kilometers...

     1843
  • Fabergé
    Peter Carl Fabergé
    Peter Karl Fabergé also known as Karl Gustavovich Fabergé in Russia was a Russian jeweller of Baltic German-Danish and French origin, best known for the famous Fabergé eggs, made in the style of genuine Easter eggs, but using precious metals and gemstones rather than more mundane materials.-Early...

     – jewellery to Nicholas II
    Nicholas II of Russia
    Nicholas II was the last Emperor of Russia, Grand Prince of Finland, and titular King of Poland. His official short title was Nicholas II, Emperor and Autocrat of All the Russias and he is known as Saint Nicholas the Passion-Bearer by the Russian Orthodox Church.Nicholas II ruled from 1894 until...

  • Smirnoff
    Smirnoff
    Smirnoff is a brand of vodka owned and produced by the British company Diageo. The Smirnoff brand began with a vodka distillery founded in Moscow by Pyotr Arsenievich Smirnov , the son of illiterate Russian peasants. It is now distributed in 130 countries.Smirnoff products include vodka, flavored...

     – vodka
  • Cristal – champagne
  • Steinway & Sons
    Steinway & Sons
    Steinway & Sons, also known as Steinway , is an American and German manufacturer of handmade pianos, founded 1853 in Manhattan in New York City by German immigrant Heinrich Engelhard Steinweg...

     – pianos
  • The Victoria Fine Soap Works, Minsk, Belarus - soap to Nicholas I
    Nicholas I of Russia
    Nicholas I , was the Emperor of Russia from 1825 until 1855, known as one of the most reactionary of the Russian monarchs. On the eve of his death, the Russian Empire reached its historical zenith spanning over 20 million square kilometers...

    and the Imperial family
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