Royal Dramatic Theatre
Overview
 
The Royal Dramatic Theatre is Sweden's national stage for "spoken drama", founded in 1788. Around one thousand shows are put on annually on the theatre's eight running stages.

The theatre has been at its present location in the Art Nouveau
Art Nouveau
Art Nouveau is an international philosophy and style of art, architecture and applied art—especially the decorative arts—that were most popular during 1890–1910. The name "Art Nouveau" is French for "new art"...

 building at Nybroplan
Nybroplan
Nybroplan is a public space in central Stockholm, Sweden. Located on the border between the city districts Norrmalm and Östermalm, Nybroplan connects a number of major streets, including Birger Jarlsgatan, Strandvägen, Hamngatan, and Nybrogatan...

, Stockholm
Stockholm
Stockholm is the capital and the largest city of Sweden and constitutes the most populated urban area in Scandinavia. Stockholm is the most populous city in Sweden, with a population of 851,155 in the municipality , 1.37 million in the urban area , and around 2.1 million in the metropolitan area...

 since 1908. The theatre was built by the architect Fredrik Lilljekvist
Fredrik Lilljekvist
Johan Fredrik Lilljekvist was a Swedish architect. He is best known for his controversial restoration of Gripsholm Castle and as the architect of the new building for the Royal Dramatic Theatre in Stockholm.-Life in summary:Lilljekvist was born in Klara parish in Stockholm, son of a photographer...

. Famous artists like Carl Milles
Carl Milles
Carl Milles was a Swedish sculptor, best known for his fountains. He was married to artist Olga Milles and brother to Ruth Milles and half brother to the architect Evert Milles...

 and Carl Larsson
Carl Larsson
Carl Larsson was a Swedish painter and interior designer, representative of the Arts and Crafts Movement. His many paintings include oils, watercolors, and frescoes...

 were involved in making the decorations, and some of the interior decorations were made by Prince Eugen
Prince Eugén, Duke of Närke
Prince Eugen Napoleon Nicolaus of Sweden and Norway, Duke of Närke was the youngest son of King Oscar II of Sweden and Norway....

.

The theatre's acting school, Dramatens elevskola
Dramatens elevskola
Dramatens elevskola, i.e. Kungliga Dramatiska Teaterns Elevskola, or in Eng: The Royal Dramatic Theatre's acting school, was the acting school of Sweden's national stage, The Royal Dramatic Theatre, and for many years seen as the foremost theatre school and drama education for Swedish stage actors...

, produced many actors and directors who would go on to be famous, including Gustaf Molander
Gustaf Molander
Gustaf Harald August Molander was a Swedish actor and film director. His parents were the director Harald Molander, Sr. and the singer and actress Lydia Molander, née Wessler, and his brother was the director Olof Molander...

 (who also taught there), Alf Sjöberg, Greta Garbo
Greta Garbo
Greta Garbo , born Greta Lovisa Gustafsson, was a Swedish film actress. Garbo was an international star and icon during Hollywood's silent and classic periods. Many of Garbo's films were sensational hits, and all but three were profitable...

, Vera Schmiterlöw
Vera Schmiterlöw
Alice Vera Cecilia Charlotta Schmiterlöw was a Swedish actress. She studied drama at the Dramaten from 1921 to 1924, where she met classmate Greta Garbo with whom she grew a lifelong friendship. The intimate correspondence between the two are saved in the National archives of Sweden...

, Signe Hasso
Signe Hasso
Signe Hasso was a Swedish-born American actress, writer and composer.-Background:Signe Eleonora Cecilia Larsson was born in the Kungsholmen parish of Stockholm, Sweden in 1915...

, Ingrid Bergman
Ingrid Bergman
Ingrid Bergman was a Swedish actress who starred in a variety of European and American films. She won three Academy Awards, two Emmy Awards, and the Tony Award for Best Actress. She is ranked as the fourth greatest female star of American cinema of all time by the American Film Institute...

, Gunnar Björnstrand
Gunnar Björnstrand
Gunnar Björnstrand was a Swedish actor known for his frequent work with writer/director Ingmar Bergman. He was born in Stockholm. He appeared in over 180 films....

, Max von Sydow
Max von Sydow
Max von Sydow is a Swedish actor. He has also held French citizenship since 2002. He has starred in many films and had supporting roles in dozens more...

, and Bibi Andersson
Bibi Andersson
Bibi Andersson is a Swedish actress.-Early life:Bibi Andersson was born as Berit Elisabeth Andersson in Kungsholmen, Stockholm, the daughter of Karin , a social worker, and Josef Andersson, a businessman...

.
Encyclopedia
The Royal Dramatic Theatre is Sweden's national stage for "spoken drama", founded in 1788. Around one thousand shows are put on annually on the theatre's eight running stages.

The theatre has been at its present location in the Art Nouveau
Art Nouveau
Art Nouveau is an international philosophy and style of art, architecture and applied art—especially the decorative arts—that were most popular during 1890–1910. The name "Art Nouveau" is French for "new art"...

 building at Nybroplan
Nybroplan
Nybroplan is a public space in central Stockholm, Sweden. Located on the border between the city districts Norrmalm and Östermalm, Nybroplan connects a number of major streets, including Birger Jarlsgatan, Strandvägen, Hamngatan, and Nybrogatan...

, Stockholm
Stockholm
Stockholm is the capital and the largest city of Sweden and constitutes the most populated urban area in Scandinavia. Stockholm is the most populous city in Sweden, with a population of 851,155 in the municipality , 1.37 million in the urban area , and around 2.1 million in the metropolitan area...

 since 1908. The theatre was built by the architect Fredrik Lilljekvist
Fredrik Lilljekvist
Johan Fredrik Lilljekvist was a Swedish architect. He is best known for his controversial restoration of Gripsholm Castle and as the architect of the new building for the Royal Dramatic Theatre in Stockholm.-Life in summary:Lilljekvist was born in Klara parish in Stockholm, son of a photographer...

. Famous artists like Carl Milles
Carl Milles
Carl Milles was a Swedish sculptor, best known for his fountains. He was married to artist Olga Milles and brother to Ruth Milles and half brother to the architect Evert Milles...

 and Carl Larsson
Carl Larsson
Carl Larsson was a Swedish painter and interior designer, representative of the Arts and Crafts Movement. His many paintings include oils, watercolors, and frescoes...

 were involved in making the decorations, and some of the interior decorations were made by Prince Eugen
Prince Eugén, Duke of Närke
Prince Eugen Napoleon Nicolaus of Sweden and Norway, Duke of Närke was the youngest son of King Oscar II of Sweden and Norway....

.

The theatre's acting school, Dramatens elevskola
Dramatens elevskola
Dramatens elevskola, i.e. Kungliga Dramatiska Teaterns Elevskola, or in Eng: The Royal Dramatic Theatre's acting school, was the acting school of Sweden's national stage, The Royal Dramatic Theatre, and for many years seen as the foremost theatre school and drama education for Swedish stage actors...

, produced many actors and directors who would go on to be famous, including Gustaf Molander
Gustaf Molander
Gustaf Harald August Molander was a Swedish actor and film director. His parents were the director Harald Molander, Sr. and the singer and actress Lydia Molander, née Wessler, and his brother was the director Olof Molander...

 (who also taught there), Alf Sjöberg, Greta Garbo
Greta Garbo
Greta Garbo , born Greta Lovisa Gustafsson, was a Swedish film actress. Garbo was an international star and icon during Hollywood's silent and classic periods. Many of Garbo's films were sensational hits, and all but three were profitable...

, Vera Schmiterlöw
Vera Schmiterlöw
Alice Vera Cecilia Charlotta Schmiterlöw was a Swedish actress. She studied drama at the Dramaten from 1921 to 1924, where she met classmate Greta Garbo with whom she grew a lifelong friendship. The intimate correspondence between the two are saved in the National archives of Sweden...

, Signe Hasso
Signe Hasso
Signe Hasso was a Swedish-born American actress, writer and composer.-Background:Signe Eleonora Cecilia Larsson was born in the Kungsholmen parish of Stockholm, Sweden in 1915...

, Ingrid Bergman
Ingrid Bergman
Ingrid Bergman was a Swedish actress who starred in a variety of European and American films. She won three Academy Awards, two Emmy Awards, and the Tony Award for Best Actress. She is ranked as the fourth greatest female star of American cinema of all time by the American Film Institute...

, Gunnar Björnstrand
Gunnar Björnstrand
Gunnar Björnstrand was a Swedish actor known for his frequent work with writer/director Ingmar Bergman. He was born in Stockholm. He appeared in over 180 films....

, Max von Sydow
Max von Sydow
Max von Sydow is a Swedish actor. He has also held French citizenship since 2002. He has starred in many films and had supporting roles in dozens more...

, and Bibi Andersson
Bibi Andersson
Bibi Andersson is a Swedish actress.-Early life:Bibi Andersson was born as Berit Elisabeth Andersson in Kungsholmen, Stockholm, the daughter of Karin , a social worker, and Josef Andersson, a businessman...

. The school was split off as a separate institution in 1967 (see Swedish National Academy of Mime and Acting
Swedish National Academy of Mime and Acting
The National Academy of Mime and Acting , known in Swedish as Teaterhögskolan i Stockholm, is a school in Stockholm for acting and mime...

).

17th and 18th century

The first Swedish theatre opened in Bollhuset
Bollhuset
Bollhuset, also called ', ', and ' at various times, was the name of the first theater in Stockholm, Sweden; it was the first Swedish theater and the first real theater building in the whole of Scandinavia. The name "" means "The Ball House", and it was built in 1627 for ball sports and used in...

 and Lejonkulan
Lejonkulan
Lejonkulan , was a historical theatre in Stockholm, Sweden, active 1667-89. It is mentioned in history as the first theatre in Sweden. In 1686, it was the place of the first Swedish Theatre.- History :...

 in 1667 and employed only foreign companies. While the plays were sometimes open to the public, it remained more or less a court theatre. The first Swedish play, Den Svenska Sprätthöken, was performed in 1737 by the first Swedish theatre company. The Swedish theatre
Stenborg Troupe
The Stenborg troupe was a Swedish Theatre Comedy troupe, active in Sweden and Finland in the 18th century. It was also called Stenborgska skådebanorna , Svenska komeditruppen and Svenska Comedien or Svenska Teatern...

 was turned out of their playhouse by Queen Louisa Ulrika of Prussia
Louisa Ulrika of Prussia
Louisa Ulrika of Prussia was Queen of Sweden between 1751 and 1771 as the spouse of King Adolf Frederick of Sweden, and queen mother during the reign of King Gustav III of Sweden.-Background:...

 after the 1753-54 season, and the playhouse was given to a French company
Du Londel Troupe
The Du Londel Troupe was a French 18th-century theatre troupe. From 1753 to 1771, it was active as the French Theatre of Sweden, where it played a great part in that country's theatre history....

. In 1773, king Gustav III fired the French company and encouraged Swedish talents, and thus, the Royal Swedish Opera
Royal Swedish Opera
Kungliga Operan is Sweden's national stage for opera and ballet.-Location and Environment:...

 was founded in Bollhuset. A theatre of spoken drama was founded in the same building in 1787, but was not to last long. In 1788 the director fled the country to escape his creditors, so the actors formed a company and asked for the king's protection, which led to the establishment of the national theatre.

Sweden's national stage for dramatic art (spoken drama) was established by King Gustav III
Gustav III of Sweden
Gustav III was King of Sweden from 1771 until his death. He was the eldest son of King Adolph Frederick and Queen Louise Ulrica of Sweden, she a sister of Frederick the Great of Prussia....

 in 1788. It was then that the Royal Theatre (Kungliga Teatern) in Sweden was officially split in two, and the Royal Theatre (today known as the Royal Swedish Opera
Royal Swedish Opera
Kungliga Operan is Sweden's national stage for opera and ballet.-Location and Environment:...

) became thereafter solely an opera stage. For spoken drama a new theatre was built specifically, called Kungliga Dramatiska Teatern—the Royal Dramatic Theatre, to distinguish it from the Royal Theatre (the opera stage).

The king became the formal director and placed the theatre under Royal protection, to be ruled by the actors themselves by votes every fourteenth day under the supervision of the Royal Swedish Academy of Arts
Royal Swedish Academy of Arts
The Royal Swedish Academy of Arts or Kungl. Akademien för de fria konsterna, founded in 1773 by King Gustav III, is one of the Royal Academies in Sweden...

. This rule was quite chaotic, and the voting is described as capricious and temperamental; " The male actors arguing with each other, one of the ladies voting yes because another lady voted no, others of them counting their buttons and letting fate decide", and in 1803, the actors themselves asked for the system to be replaced by a director.

The Royal Dramatic Theatre was located in the old premises at Bollhuset during its first years, but in 1792, the old building was deemed to be to run down, and 1 November 1793, the theatre was opened in the Palace of Makalös
Makalös
Makalös was the colloquial name for the grand mansion, or palace, of the Swedish noble family de la Gardie...

, also called Arsenalen, where the theatre was to be located for the next thirty years; it was now often commonly called the Arsenal Theatre. In 1798, the theatres and operas of Stockholm were united by a royal monopoly, and the "Two Stages" ruled uncontested over the city for over forty years.

19th and 20th century

In 1825, the old Palace building of the theatre caught fire and burned down in the middle of a performance. The theatre was now located in the same building as the Opera, an arrangement that was to continue for almost forty years.

The middle of the 19th century was to mean changes both within and without the theatre. In 1834, the actors, infuriated by a new system that replaced their percent of the theatre income by a set salary, went on strike, knowing they had succeeded with a similar action against an unpopular director in 1828. This time, however, the strike was broken by the government, which gave some of them raised salaries and fired the others with pensions. The fired actors founded a theatre company that performed all around town, and in 1842, the theatre monopoly was broken and a second theatre was founded in Stockholm; by the 1850s, there were several theatres in the city, and the royal Dramatic theatre experienced heavy competition, especially from the Svenska teatern (Swedish Theatre)
Swedish Theatre (Stockholm)
The Swedish Theatre in Stockholm was, at the beginning of the 20th century, Sweden's largest dramatic theatre. During its years in use, from 1875 to 1925, it was often considered as Sweden's foremost national theatre...

.

There was much criticism about the sharing of localities between the opera and the theatre, as the localities of the Opera were built for singing and considered unsuitable for spoken drama. In 1863, the Royal Dramatic Theatre purchased the playhouse of an old rival theatre, Mindre teatern
Mindre teatern
Mindre teatern , Nya teatern , Lindeberska teatern , was a Swedish theatre at Kungsgatan in Stockholm, active 1842-1863...

, and moved the theatre to it.
Here the Royal Dramatic Theatre remained until 1907, and it was here new dramas of the 19th Century were performed: the pioneering plays of Ibsen
Henrik Ibsen
Henrik Ibsen was a major 19th-century Norwegian playwright, theatre director, and poet. He is often referred to as "the father of prose drama" and is one of the founders of Modernism in the theatre...

 and Chekov
Anton Chekhov
Anton Pavlovich Chekhov was a Russian physician, dramatist and author who is considered to be among the greatest writers of short stories in history. His career as a dramatist produced four classics and his best short stories are held in high esteem by writers and critics...

, as well as August Strindberg
August Strindberg
Johan August Strindberg was a Swedish playwright, novelist, poet, essayist and painter. A prolific writer who often drew directly on his personal experience, Strindberg's career spanned four decades, during which time he wrote over 60 plays and more than 30 works of fiction, autobiography,...

's late dramatic works, for example Till Damaskus (To Damascus
To Damascus
To Damascus , also known as The Road to Damascus, is a trilogy of plays by the Swedish playwright August Strindberg. The first two parts were published in 1898, with the third following in 1904...

).

But at the beginning of the 20th century, the playhouse was rundown and in desperate need of renovation and a more modern, functional stage. From the 1880s the national stage had suffered stiff competition from several new private theatres in Stockholm
Stockholm
Stockholm is the capital and the largest city of Sweden and constitutes the most populated urban area in Scandinavia. Stockholm is the most populous city in Sweden, with a population of 851,155 in the municipality , 1.37 million in the urban area , and around 2.1 million in the metropolitan area...

, in particular the Svenska teatern (Swedish Theatre)
Swedish Theatre (Stockholm)
The Swedish Theatre in Stockholm was, at the beginning of the 20th century, Sweden's largest dramatic theatre. During its years in use, from 1875 to 1925, it was often considered as Sweden's foremost national theatre...

, which was run by the charismatic theatre personality Albert Ranft
Albert Ranft
Albert Adam Ranft was a Swedish theatre director and actor. Ranft debuted in the theatre company of Magda von Dolcke in 1876. He started his own travelling company in 1884 and was employed at Stora Teatern in Gothenburg from 1886...

.

Many of the original Swedish stagings of Ibsen
Henrik Ibsen
Henrik Ibsen was a major 19th-century Norwegian playwright, theatre director, and poet. He is often referred to as "the father of prose drama" and is one of the founders of Modernism in the theatre...

's plays had been produced at the Swedish Theatre
Swedish Theatre
The Swedish Theatre is a Swedish-speaking theatre in Helsinki, Finland and is located at the Erottaja square, at the end of Esplanadi . It was the first national stage of Finland.- History :...

 instead of the national stage, as well as new German and French dramatic works, and the national stage was at same time accused of being old, dusty and overcrowded. There was lively debate in the press on the subject of refurbishing the national stage at Kungsträdgården. Many different kinds of restoration were proposed, but King Oscar II
Oscar II of Sweden
Oscar II , baptised Oscar Fredrik was King of Sweden from 1872 until his death and King of Norway from 1872 until 1905. The third son of King Oscar I of Sweden and Josephine of Leuchtenberg, he was a descendant of Gustav I of Sweden through his mother.-Early life:At his birth in Stockholm, Oscar...

 was not satisfied with any of the suggestions. Instead, the decision was soon made to completely tear down the old theatre building and to build a new, bigger, fresher and more modern one at a more suitable location. From the 1850s onwards, Stockholm as a city and as Sweden's definitive capital had changed considerably as had its centre. In 1881, the Royal Dramatic Theatre, which had until then been financed by the royal court—which gave the actors status as court staff—was separated from the court and the royal family and made a state theatre, which was completed in 1888.

The new location that was eventually picked out for the new Royal Dramatic Theatre Nybroplan
Nybroplan
Nybroplan is a public space in central Stockholm, Sweden. Located on the border between the city districts Norrmalm and Östermalm, Nybroplan connects a number of major streets, including Birger Jarlsgatan, Strandvägen, Hamngatan, and Nybrogatan...

 was closer to what was then becoming the heart of Stockholm and was beautifully situated by the waterfront. Fredrik Lilljekvist
Fredrik Lilljekvist
Johan Fredrik Lilljekvist was a Swedish architect. He is best known for his controversial restoration of Gripsholm Castle and as the architect of the new building for the Royal Dramatic Theatre in Stockholm.-Life in summary:Lilljekvist was born in Klara parish in Stockholm, son of a photographer...

 was appointed head architect, and on February 18, 1908 the national stage's new theatre building at Nybroplan
Nybroplan
Nybroplan is a public space in central Stockholm, Sweden. Located on the border between the city districts Norrmalm and Östermalm, Nybroplan connects a number of major streets, including Birger Jarlsgatan, Strandvägen, Hamngatan, and Nybrogatan...

 opened with Strindberg
August Strindberg
Johan August Strindberg was a Swedish playwright, novelist, poet, essayist and painter. A prolific writer who often drew directly on his personal experience, Strindberg's career spanned four decades, during which time he wrote over 60 plays and more than 30 works of fiction, autobiography,...

's new play Mäster Olof. This building is the present Royal Dramatic Theatre. Here the legendary theatre directors, brothers Olof
Olof Molander
Olof Molander was a great and influential Swedish theatre- and film director, most notable for his many Strindberg and Shakespeare productions....

 and Gustaf Molander
Gustaf Molander
Gustaf Harald August Molander was a Swedish actor and film director. His parents were the director Harald Molander, Sr. and the singer and actress Lydia Molander, née Wessler, and his brother was the director Olof Molander...

, Alf Sjöberg, and Ingmar Bergman
Ingmar Bergman
Ernst Ingmar Bergman was a Swedish director, writer and producer for film, stage and television. Described by Woody Allen as "probably the greatest film artist, all things considered, since the invention of the motion picture camera", he is recognized as one of the most accomplished and...

 formed the Swedish theatre and helped shape Sweden's theatrical history with their 20th-century performances.

When mentioning the national stage in Sweden, the reference is generally the old Royal Dramatic Theatre (meaning Kungliga Dramatiska Teatern that was located at Kungsträdgården 1788–1907) and then the new/present Royal Dramatic Theatre, a.k.a Dramaten, located at Nybroplan since 1908 ("Dramaten" is not used when referring to the old Royal Dramatic Theatre).

Stages

Dramaten currently houses eight stages:
  • Stora scenen - the main stage, since 1908 (720 seats)
  • Lilla scenen - the second stage, since 1945; renovated and re-opened in 2000 (340 seats)
  • Målarsalen - since 1971; a former painting studio for theatrical scenery (160 seats)
  • Tornrummet - the small, intimate stage; stage formerly used by the old Royal Dramatic Theare's acting school (60 seats)
  • Lejonkulan - Young Dramaten; Dramaten's regular stage for school plays
  • Stora Elverket - stage for contemporary/new-written dramatic work
  • Lilla Elverket - above (the smaller stage at Elverket

Managing Directors

of the Royal Dramatic Theatre (Dramaten):
  • (from 2009) - Marie-Louise Ekman
    Marie-Louise Ekman
    Marie-Louise Ester Maude Ekman, née Fuchs, and known during her first marriage under the surname De Geer, and during and after her second as De Geer Bergenstråhle is a Swedish painter and film director...

  • (2002–2008) - Staffan Valdemar Holm
    Staffan Valdemar Holm
    Staffan Valdemar Holm is a Swedish-German theatre director.Staffan Valdemar Holm was trained at Statens Teaterskole in Copenhagen, Denmark...

  • (1997–2002) - Ingrid Dahlberg
    Ingrid Dahlberg
    Ingrid Dahlberg is a former Theater Manager and President of Dramaten , and Governor of Dalarna County from 2002 to 2006...

  • (1986–1997) - Lars Löfgren
  • (1985-1985) - Ingvar Kjellson
    Ingvar Kjellson
    Ingvar Kjellson is a Swedish stage and film actor. He won the Eugene O'Neill Award in 1978.-Reference:* , at Dramaten...

  • (1981–1985) - Lasse Pöysti
    Lasse Pöysti
    Lasse Pöysti is a Finnish actor , director, theatre manager and writer....

  • (1975–1981) - Jan-Olof Strandberg
    Jan-Olof Strandberg
    Jan-Olof Strandberg is a Swedish stage and film actor. He has appeared in 45 films since 1947. On stage one of his most famous parts is as Vladimir in Samuel Becketts Waiting For Godot, at Sweden's Royal Dramatic Theatre .He appeared in Erland Josephsons play Blomsterplockarna at...

  • (1966–1975) - Erland Josephson
    Erland Josephson
    Erland Josephson is a Swedish actor and author. He is best known to international audiences for his work in films directed by Ingmar Bergman, Andrei Tarkovsky, and Theodoros Angelopoulos.-Biography:...

  • (1963–1966) - Ingmar Bergman
    Ingmar Bergman
    Ernst Ingmar Bergman was a Swedish director, writer and producer for film, stage and television. Described by Woody Allen as "probably the greatest film artist, all things considered, since the invention of the motion picture camera", he is recognized as one of the most accomplished and...

  • (1951–1963) - Karl Ragnar Gierow
  • (1948–1961) - Ragnar Josephson
    Ragnar Josephson
    Ragnar Josephson was a Swedish art historian and writer.Josephson was professor of art history at Lund University 1929-1957 and founder of the Archive for Decorative Art there...

  • (1938–1948) - Pauline Brunius
    Pauline Brunius
    Pauline Brunius, née Emma Maria Pauline Lindstedt was a Swedish actor, Screenwriter and director. She was the managing director of the Royal Dramatic Theatre from 1938 to 1948....

  • (1934–1938) - Olof Molander
    Olof Molander
    Olof Molander was a great and influential Swedish theatre- and film director, most notable for his many Strindberg and Shakespeare productions....

  • (1928–1934) - Erik Wettergren
  • (1922–1928) - Tore Svennberg
  • (1910–1922) - Tor Hedberg
  • (1908–1910) - Knut Michaelson


of the old Royal Dramatic Theatre:
  • (1904–1907) - Gustaf Fredriksson
  • (1898–1904) - Nils Personne
  • (1888–1898) - Gustaf Fredriksson
  • (1883–1888) - Anders Willman
  • (1881–1883) - Henrik Westin
  • (1866–1881) - Erik Vilhelm af Edholm
  • (1861–1866) - Eugène von Stedingk
  • (1860-1860) - Daniel Hwasser
  • (1856–1860) - Gunnar Olof Hyltén-Cavallius
    Gunnar Olof Hyltén-Cavallius
    Gunnar Olof Hyltén-Cavallius was a Swedish scholar of cultural history, a librarian, theatre director and a diplomat.Gunnar was the son of a clergyman from Vislanda. While he as a student at the Uppsala University, he was impressed with the late currents of Gothicismus...

  • (1852–1856) - Knut Bonde
  • (1848–1852) - Svante Gustaf Schyberg
  • (1844–1848) - Hugo Adolf Hamilton
  • (1840–1844) - Svante Gustaf Schyberg
  • (1838–1840) - Karl David Forsberg (financial director)
  • (1838–1844) - Alexis Baeckman (director of scenery)
  • (1832–1838) - Per Westerstrand
  • (1831–1832) - Bernhard von Beskow
    Bernhard von Beskow
    Bernhard von Beskow , Swedish dramatist and historian, was the son of a Stockholm merchant....

  • (1827–1831) - Karl Johan Puke
  • (1823–1827) - Gustaf Lagerbjelke
  • (1818–1823) - Gustav Fredrik Åkerhielm
  • (1818-1818) - Crown Prince Oscar
    Oscar I of Sweden
    Oscar I was King of Sweden and Norway from 1844 to his death. When, in August 1810, his father Jean-Baptiste Bernadotte was elected Crown Prince of Sweden, Oscar and his mother moved from Paris to Stockholm . Oscar's father was the first ruler of the current House of Bernadotte...

  • (1818-1818) - J.P. Törner
  • (1812–1818) - Gustav Löwenhielm
  • (1810–1812) - Anders Fredrik Skjöldebrand
    Anders Fredrik Skjöldebrand
    Anders Fredrik Skjöldebrand was a Swedish count, lord of the realm, general, statesman and minister from the Skjöldebrand dynasty...

  • (1804–1810) - Abraham Niclas Clewberg-Edelcrantz
  • (1798–1804) - J. Hugo Hamilton
  • (1792–1798) - Klaes Rålamb
  • (1788–1792) - Gustaf Mauritz Armfelt
    Gustaf Mauritz Armfelt
    Count Gustaf Mauritz Armfelt was a Finnish and Swedish courtier and diplomat. In Finland, he is considered one of the great Finnish statesmen. Born in Tarvasjoki, Finland, he was the great grandson of Charles XII of Sweden's general, Carl Gustaf Armfeldt...


19th century

  • Samuel Ahlgren
    Samuel Ahlgren
    Johan Samuel Ahlgren was a Swedish actor. He belonged to the first pioneer troupe of the Royal Dramatic Theatre.Ahlgren worked as a clerk when he was employed by Fredric Ristell in the Swedish theatre in Bollhuset in 1787...

    , (1764–1816), romantic lead.
  • Charlotta Almlöf
    Charlotta Almlöf
    Anna Maria Franziska Charlotta Almlöf, née Ficker, , was a Swedish stage actress.Daughter of Christian Fredrik Ficker, a musician at Kungliga Hovkapellet, and sister of the opera singer Mathilda Gelhaar, she was enrolled in Dramatens elevskola in 1830...

    , romantic lead (career peak 1840s-1850s).
  • Knut Almlöf
    Knut Almlöf
    Knut Almlöf, , was a Swedish actor, considered to one of the most notable actors on the Swedish stage in the second half of the 19th century....

    , (1829–1899), leading man.
  • Nils Almlöf
    Nils Almlöf
    Nils Vilhelm Almlöf, was a Swedish actor, considered as one of the most famous in the 19th century, called "The Swedish Talma".Child of a court servant, Nils Almlöf, he interrupted his medical studies to study singing under Craelius of the Royal Swedish Opera, where he was successful as Leicester...

    , (1799–1875), tragic lead.
  • Charlotta Eriksson
    Charlotta Eriksson
    Charlotta Maria Eriksson was a Swedish actress, one of the most popular and notable actors in Sweden in the first half of the 19th century. She was also a translator, an actor-instructor, a vice principal, and a painter....

    , (1794–1862) romantic lead (career peak 1810s-1830s).
  • Gustav Åbergsson
    Gustav Åbergsson
    Gustav Fredrik Åbergsson was a Swedish stage actor, theatre director and principal of Dramatens elevskola. He belonged to the leading actors in the Swedish theatre history, called The Hamlet of Stockholm.- Biography :...

    , (1775–1852), romantic lead.
  • Ellen Hartman
    Ellen Hartman
    Ellen Hartman, born Helena Elisabeth Florentina Hedlund , was a Swedish actor. She was one of the greatest stars in Stockholm during the 1880s and 1890s. She was avarded with the Litteris et Artibus....

    , leading comedienne between 1880-1910.
  • Viktor Hartman, (1839–1899).
  • Zelma Hedin
    Zelma Hedin
    Zelma Carolina Esolinda Hedin, née Bergnéhr, also called Zelma Kinmansson and Zelma Bergmansson, , was a Swedish stage actress, regarded as one of the greatest stars on the stage of the Royal Dramatic Theatre of Stockholm during the 1840s and 1860s in the mid 19th century.- Biography and career...

    , (1827–1874).
  • Lars Hjortsberg
    Lars Hjortsberg
    Lars Hjortsberg was a Swedish actor. He is often called the greatest male actor in his country in the 19th century; he and Emilie Högquist are the best known Swedish actors from the first half of that century.- Biography :...

     (1772–1843).
  • Emilie Högquist
    Emilie Högquist
    Emilie Sophie Högquist was a Swedish actress and the mistress of Oscar I of Sweden. She was a star of the Royal Dramatic Theatre, the most celebrated dramatic Swedish primadonna of her time, called the Swedish Aspasia, and also famous for her love affairs...

    , (1812–1846), romantic lead (career peak 1830s-1840s).
  • Elise Hwasser
    Elise Hwasser
    Ebba Charlotta Elise Hwasser, née Jakobsson, , was a Swedish actress, the leading lady on the Swedish stage for thirty years, and often described as the greatest female dramatic star in Sweden during the Victorian era....

     (1831–1894), leading lady 1860s-1880s.
  • Gerda Lundequist
    Gerda Lundequist
    Gerda Carola Cecilia Lundequist was a Swedish stage actress, an Ibsen and Strindberg-thespian that in her time was known throughout Scandinavia as "The Swedish Sarah Bernhardt".-Career:...

    , tragedienne; leading Shakespeare and Ibsen interpretator (career peak 1890s-1920s).
  • Sara Torsslow
    Sara Torsslow
    Sara Fredrica Torsslow, née Strömstedt was a Swedish actor at the Royal Dramatic Theatre in Stockholm and one of the most popular and notable actors in Swedish history.- Biography :...

     (1795–1859), tragedienne (career peak 1820s-1830s).
  • Ulrik Torsslow
    Ulrik Torsslow
    Olof Ulrik Torsslow , was a Swedish actor and theatre director. He is considered one of the most notable actors in his country's history...

    , (1801–1881) leading man.
  • Carolina Kuhlman
    Carolina Kuhlman
    Ottilia Carolina Kuhlman, also Carolina Deland and Carolina Åbergsson, , was a Swedish actor, the leading lady on the Swedish stage during the Napoleon era in the first two decades of the 19th century.- Biography :...

    , (1778–1866), leading lady (career peak 1800-1820s).
  • Fanny Westerdahl
    Fanny Westerdahl
    Fanny Amalia Westerdahl, also Fanny Hjortsberg , was a Swedish stage actress, who performed from 1829 to 1862. She also participated in some opera performances...

    , (1871–1873)

20th century

  • Anders de Wahl (1869–1956), leading actor, from the 1900s-1940s
  • Inga Tidblad (1901–1975), leading lady, from 1920s-1960s
  • Lars Hanson
    Lars Hanson
    Lars Hanson was a Swedish film and stage actor, internationally mostly remembered for his motion picture roles during the silent film era.-Biography:...

     (1886–1965), leading man; Strindberg and Shakespearian actor, from the 1900s-1960s, over 120 parts
  • Olof Winnerstrand
    Olof Winnerstrand
    Carl Olof Magnus Winnerstrand was a Swedish actor.-Biography:Born in a bourgeois home in Stockholm, Winnerstrand was a son of the well-known Stockholm goldsmith and jeweller C.A. Winnerstrand, and started out in his father's footsteps, learning the trade...

     (1875–1956), great character actor and comedy actor, from 1910s-1940s, with 119 parts
  • Tora Teje
    Tora Teje
    Tora Teje was a Swedish theatre and silent film actress. She appeared in ten films between 1920 and 1939.-Filmography:* Gubben kommer * Giftas * Damen med kameliorna * 33.333...

     (1893–1970), leading tragedienne, career peak 1910s-1940s
  • Anders Henrikson
    Anders Henrikson
    Anders Henrikson was a Swedish actor and film director. He appeared in 57 films between 1913 and 1965. He also directed 30 films between 1933 and 1956.-Selected filmography:Actor* Den starkaste...

     (1896–1965), great character actor, from 1910s-1960s
  • Märta Ekström (1899–1952), great character actress (from 1920s-1940s)
  • Gunn Wållgren
    Gunn Wållgren
    Gunn Wållgren, born Gunnel Margaret Haraldsdotter Wållgren , was a Swedish actress.Considered one of Sweden's finest and also to date most appreciated actresses, Wållgren was famous for her fragile and sensual way of acting, her warm and rich inner soulfulness, and her never failing ability of...

     (1913–1983), leading actress; Ibsen, Strindberg and Chechov interpretator, from 1930s-1980s
  • Anders Ek (1916–1979), leading actor, from 1940s-1970s
  • Georg Rydeberg
    Georg Rydeberg
    Georg Rydeberg was a Swedish film actor. He appeared in 75 films between 1932 and 1981.-Selected filmography:* Hem från Babylon * Two Womena * For the Sake of My Intemperate Youth...

     (1907–1983), leading actor, career peak 1950s-1970s
  • Jarl Kulle (1927–1997), leading actor and musical theatre actor; 1950s-1990s.
  • Anita Björk
    Anita Björk
    Anita Björk is a Swedish actress.Born in Tällberg, Dalarna, Anita Björk attended Dramatens elevskola in 1942-45....

     (b. 1923), leading lady, from 1940s-2000s; over 100 parts since 1943
  • Stellan Skarsgård
    Stellan Skarsgård
    Stellan John Skarsgård is a Swedish actor, known internationally for his film roles in Angels & Demons, Breaking the Waves, The Hunt for Red October, Ronin, Good Will Hunting, Pirates of the Caribbean: Dead Man's Chest, Pirates of the Caribbean: At World's End, Dominion: Prequel to the Exorcist,...

     (b. 1951), leading actor excelling in classic plays from 1972–88

See also

  • Stockholm City Theatre
    Stockholm City Theatre
    Stockholm City Theatre is Sweden's most popular theatre stage. It was created in 1956 but the first performance was delayed until 1960. It had not yet been decided at that point where in the city the theatre would lie so the Folkets hus building at Norra Bantorget, with a temporary stage, became...

     (Stockholms stadsteater)
  • Gothenburg City Theatre
    Gothenburg City Theatre
    Gothenburg City Theatre opened in 1934 at Götaplatsen square in Gothenburg, Sweden. The theatre was drawn by Carl Bergsten who gave the exterior a Neo-Classical look with a touch of Streamline Moderne. The critics thought it to be a too old-fashioned building – the International Style had had a big...

     (Göteborgs stadsteater)
  • Malmö City Theatre
    Malmö City Theatre
    Malmö City Theatre in Malmö, Sweden, is the main theatre of Malmö.- History :The first theatre in Malmö, Malmö Teater, was built in 1808 but became out of use in 1938. The Malmö City Theatre was built by the architect Sigurd Lewerentz between 1932 and 1944. From its opening in 1944 and until 1992...

     (Malmö stadsteater)
  • Helsingborg City Theatre
    Helsingborg City Theatre
    Helsingborg City Theatre is the city theatre of Helsingborg in south of Sweden. It's one of the most well-known city theatres in Sweden....

     (Helsingborgs stadsteater)
  • Riksteatern
    Riksteatern
    Riksteatern is the name of the popular "National Touring Theatre"/"National Theatre Company" in Sweden. It's the biggest theatre company on tour in Sweden and can, in one way, almost be described as Sweden's national stage on tour....

     (~The National Touring Theatre Company)
  • Västernorrland Region Theatre (Teater Västernorrland)
  • Gävleborg Region Theatre (Länsteatern i Gävleborg)

External links

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