Royal Artillery
Overview
 
The Royal Regiment of Artillery, commonly referred to as the Royal Artillery (RA), is the artillery
Artillery
Originally applied to any group of infantry primarily armed with projectile weapons, artillery has over time become limited in meaning to refer only to those engines of war that operate by projection of munitions far beyond the range of effect of personal weapons...

 arm of the British Army
British Army
The British Army is the land warfare branch of Her Majesty's Armed Forces in the United Kingdom. It came into being with the unification of the Kingdom of England and Scotland into the Kingdom of Great Britain in 1707. The new British Army incorporated Regiments that had already existed in England...

. Despite its name, it comprises a number of regiments.
The introduction of artillery into the British Army came as early as the fourteenth century but was not a permanent body, Henry VIII recognised what artillery could achieve and created a semi-permanent body of artillery.
Encyclopedia
The Royal Regiment of Artillery, commonly referred to as the Royal Artillery (RA), is the artillery
Artillery
Originally applied to any group of infantry primarily armed with projectile weapons, artillery has over time become limited in meaning to refer only to those engines of war that operate by projection of munitions far beyond the range of effect of personal weapons...

 arm of the British Army
British Army
The British Army is the land warfare branch of Her Majesty's Armed Forces in the United Kingdom. It came into being with the unification of the Kingdom of England and Scotland into the Kingdom of Great Britain in 1707. The new British Army incorporated Regiments that had already existed in England...

. Despite its name, it comprises a number of regiments.

History

The introduction of artillery into the British Army came as early as the fourteenth century but was not a permanent body, Henry VIII recognised what artillery could achieve and created a semi-permanent body of artillery. The recognition of the need for a permanent body of artillery however, did not happen until 1716.

Prior to 1716 there was not a permanent body of Artillery in the British Army, requiring that in times of crises and in war, when there was a need for Artillery support, it was necessary to form a train of Artillery which required a Royal Warrant. Cannon were probably first used to attack towns or castles, and in time superseded the usual means of war, but were unwieldy and of ill construction in the early days. Consequently many cannon were often lost to the enemy when the army was forced to retire. On cessation of hostilities the part time unit was disbanded.
The decision to form a permanent body of artillery was made largely as a result of the Jacobite Rebellion of 1715; by the time a train of artillery was able to be formed into an effective unit and moved to the crisis area, the rebellion was over. Therefore by the decree of George I and of the Royal Warrant signed by him on 26 May 1716 two companies of Field Artillery were formed at Woolwich. Artillery was now here to stay and eventually proved itself to be indispensable in battle once the tactic of concentrated fire became favoured to that of many individual guns scattered along the line firing independently. Soon the requirement for artillery support became ever greater. Eventually, over the passage of time, it was decided that a new form of Artillery was required, one which could keep pace with the Cavalry in battle and switch fire support to any part of the battle field in an instant, equipped with a light mobile gun which could be used with a violent and lethal accuracy on the enemy. Comparisons were made to the form of Artillery used in operations by Frederick the Great in the Seven Years War. He adopted the use of light guns, mounted on carriages constructed of the best materials, that combined strength with lightness, and carried a large amount of ammunition per gun. These guns were formed into a small manageable group or unit, called a Battery. They were drawn by horses and the gunners were mounted. This artillery could thus manoeuvre with the cavalry, change position easily, and protect the deployment of columns previously impossible. So successful was this form of mounted artillery, that by 1792, it was soon adopted by the whole of Europe.
Before the 18th century, artillery
Artillery
Originally applied to any group of infantry primarily armed with projectile weapons, artillery has over time become limited in meaning to refer only to those engines of war that operate by projection of munitions far beyond the range of effect of personal weapons...

 'traynes' were raised by royal warrant for specific campaigns and disbanded again when they were over. On 26 May 1716, however, by royal warrant of George I
George I of Great Britain
George I was King of Great Britain and Ireland from 1 August 1714 until his death, and ruler of the Duchy and Electorate of Brunswick-Lüneburg in the Holy Roman Empire from 1698....

 two regular companies
Company (military unit)
A company is a military unit, typically consisting of 80–225 soldiers and usually commanded by a Captain, Major or Commandant. Most companies are formed of three to five platoons although the exact number may vary by country, unit type, and structure...

 of field artillery, each 100 men strong, were raised at Woolwich
Woolwich
Woolwich is a district in south London, England, located in the London Borough of Greenwich. The area is identified in the London Plan as one of 35 major centres in Greater London.Woolwich formed part of Kent until 1889 when the County of London was created...

. The title "Royal Artillery" (RA) was first used in 1720. On 1 April 1722 the two companies were increased to four and grouped with independent artillery companies at Gibraltar
Gibraltar
Gibraltar is a British overseas territory located on the southern end of the Iberian Peninsula at the entrance of the Mediterranean. A peninsula with an area of , it has a northern border with Andalusia, Spain. The Rock of Gibraltar is the major landmark of the region...

 and Minorca
Minorca
Min Orca or Menorca is one of the Balearic Islands located in the Mediterranean Sea belonging to Spain. It takes its name from being smaller than the nearby island of Majorca....

 to form the Royal Regiment of Artillery, commanded by Colonel Albert Borgard. In 1741 the Royal Military Academy was formed in the Royal Arsenal at Woolwich (RWA) to provide training for RA and Royal Engineers (RE) officers. The regiment expanded rapidly and, by 1757, had 24 companies divided into two battalion
Battalion
A battalion is a military unit of around 300–1,200 soldiers usually consisting of between two and seven companies and typically commanded by either a Lieutenant Colonel or a Colonel...

s, as well as a cadet company formed in 1741.
During 1748, the presidential artilleries of Bengal, Madras and Bombay were formed. 1756 saw the creation of the Royal Irish Regiment of Artillery
Royal Irish Artillery
The Royal Irish Artillery was an Irish regiment of the British army in the 18th century. It was formed in 1755 as The Artillery Company of Ireland. The name was changed in 1760 to The Royal Regiment of Irish Artillery...

. In 1762 the Royal Artillery Band was formed at Minden. By 1771 there were 32 companies in four battalions, as well as two "invalid companies" comprising older and unfit men employed in garrison duties. During 1782, the regiment moved to the current Royal Artillery Barracks (front parade) on Woolwich Common. In January 1793, two troop
Troop
A troop is a military unit, originally a small force of cavalry, subordinate to a squadron and headed by the troop leader. In many armies a troop is the equivalent unit to the infantry section or platoon...

s of Royal Horse Artillery
Royal Horse Artillery
The regiments of the Royal Horse Artillery , dating from 1793, are part of the Royal Regiment of Artillery of the British Army...

 (RHA) were raised to provide fire support for the cavalry
Cavalry
Cavalry or horsemen were soldiers or warriors who fought mounted on horseback. Cavalry were historically the third oldest and the most mobile of the combat arms...

, augmented by two more in November 1793. All RHA personnel were mounted. The Royal Irish Artillery
Royal Irish Artillery
The Royal Irish Artillery was an Irish regiment of the British army in the 18th century. It was formed in 1755 as The Artillery Company of Ireland. The name was changed in 1760 to The Royal Regiment of Irish Artillery...

 was absorbed into the RA in 1801. During 1805, the Royal Arsenal was moved to Woolwich Common. In 1819, the Rotunda
Rotunda (Woolwich)
The Rotunda on Woolwich Common, in south-east London, is an artillery museum which was established in 1820. The building was originally a very large bell tent erected in St...

 was given to the regiment by the Prince Regent to celebrate end of the Napoleonic Wars. (It was originally built in St. James's Park as the outer casing of the tent in which the Prince Regent entertained the Allied sovereigns in 1814.) In 1832, the regimental motto
Motto
A motto is a phrase meant to formally summarize the general motivation or intention of a social group or organization. A motto may be in any language, but Latin is the most used. The local language is usual in the mottoes of governments...

es were granted.

The regiment was under the control of the Board of Ordnance
Board of Ordnance
The Board of Ordnance was a British government body responsible for the supply of armaments and munitions to the Royal Navy and British Army. It was also responsible for providing artillery trains for armies and maintaining coastal fortresses and, later, management of the artillery and engineer...

 until the board was abolished in 1855. Thereafter the regiment came under the War Office
War Office
The War Office was a department of the British Government, responsible for the administration of the British Army between the 17th century and 1964, when its functions were transferred to the Ministry of Defence...

 along with the rest of the army. The School of Gunnery established at Shoeburyness, Essex in 1859. In 1862 the regiment absorbed the artillery of the British East India Company
British East India Company
The East India Company was an early English joint-stock company that was formed initially for pursuing trade with the East Indies, but that ended up trading mainly with the Indian subcontinent and China...

—21 horse batteries and 48 field batteries—which brought its strength up to 29 horse batteries, 73 field batteries and 88 heavy batteries.

On 1 July 1899, the Royal Artillery was divided into three groups: the Royal Horse Artillery of 21 batteries and the Royal Field Artillery
Royal Field Artillery
The Royal Field Artillery of the British Army provided artillery support for the British Army. It came into being when the Royal Artillery was divided on 1 July 1899, it was reamalgamated back into the Royal Artillery in 1924....

 of 95 batteries comprised one group, while the coastal defence, mountain, siege and heavy batteries were split off into another group named the Royal Garrison Artillery
Royal Garrison Artillery
The Royal Garrison Artillery was an arm of the Royal Artillery that was originally tasked with manning the guns of the British Empire's forts and fortresses, including coastal artillery batteries, the heavy gun batteries attached to each infantry division, and the guns of the siege...

 of 91 companies. The third group continued to be titled simply Royal Artillery, and was responsible for ammunition storage and supply. Which branch a gunner belonged to was indicated by metal shoulder titles (R.A., R.F.A., R.H.A., or R.G.A.). The RFA and RHA also dressed as mounted men, whereas the RGA dressed like foot soldiers. In 1920 the rank of Bombardier was instituted in the Royal Artillery. The three sections effectively functioned as separate corps. This arrangement lasted until 1924, when the three amalgamated once more to became one regiment. In 1938, RA Brigades were renamed Regiments. During World War II
World War II
World War II, or the Second World War , was a global conflict lasting from 1939 to 1945, involving most of the world's nations—including all of the great powers—eventually forming two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis...

 there were over 1 million men serving in 960 gunner regiments. In 1947 the Riding Troop RHA was renamed The King's Troop RHA and, in 1951, the title of the regiment's colonel-in-chief became Captain General.

The Royal Horse Artillery
Royal Horse Artillery
The regiments of the Royal Horse Artillery , dating from 1793, are part of the Royal Regiment of Artillery of the British Army...

, which has always had separate traditions, uniforms and insignia, still retains a separate identity within the regiment, however, and is considered (by its members at least) to be an élite.

Before the Second World War, Royal Artillery recruits were required to be at least 5 in 4 in (1.63 m) tall. Men in mechanised units had to be at least 5 in 8 in (1.73 m) tall. They initially enlisted for six years with the colours and a further six years with the reserve or four years and eight years. They trained at the Royal Artillery Depot in Woolwich.


The Royal Artillery today

The Royal Artillery is equipped with a variety of equipment and performs a wide range of roles, including:

  • Surveillance and Target Acquisition
    Surveillance and Target Acquisition
    For Artillery STA, see belowSurveillance and Target Acquisition is a military role assigned to units and/or their equipment. It involves watching an area to see what changes and then the acquisition of targets based on that information....

  • Commando
    Commando
    In English, the term commando means a specific kind of individual soldier or military unit. In contemporary usage, commando usually means elite light infantry and/or special operations forces units, specializing in amphibious landings, parachuting, rappelling and similar techniques, to conduct and...

     and Airborne
    Airborne forces
    Airborne forces are military units, usually light infantry, set up to be moved by aircraft and 'dropped' into battle. Thus they can be placed behind enemy lines, and have an ability to deploy almost anywhere with little warning...

     artillery
  • Self Propelled Artillery
  • Multiple Launch Rocket Systems
    M270 Multiple Launch Rocket System
    The M270 Multiple Launch Rocket System is an armored, self-propelled, multiple rocket launcher; a type of rocket artillery.Since the first M270s were delivered to the U.S. Army in 1983, the MLRS has been adopted by several NATO countries. Some 1,300 M270 systems have been manufactured in the...

  • Air defence
    Anti-aircraft warfare
    NATO defines air defence as "all measures designed to nullify or reduce the effectiveness of hostile air action." They include ground and air based weapon systems, associated sensor systems, command and control arrangements and passive measures. It may be to protect naval, ground and air forces...



The Captain General of the regiment is Queen Elizabeth II
Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom
Elizabeth II is the constitutional monarch of 16 sovereign states known as the Commonwealth realms: the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, Jamaica, Barbados, the Bahamas, Grenada, Papua New Guinea, the Solomon Islands, Tuvalu, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Belize,...

. The post was previously known as Colonel-in-Chief until King George VI
George VI of the United Kingdom
George VI was King of the United Kingdom and the Dominions of the British Commonwealth from 11 December 1936 until his death...

 expressed the desire to be known as Captain General. The head of the regiment is the Master Gunner, St. James's Park
Master Gunner, St. James's Park
The Master Gunner , St James's Park is the ceremonial head of the Royal Regiment of Artillery and channel of communication between the Regiment and the Captain General ....

.

The Royal Regiment of Artillery comprises both Regular (full-time) and Territorial (part-time) units. The current regiments of the Royal Artillery are:

Regular Army

The Royal Regiment of Artillery comprises the Royal Artillery and the Royal Horse Artillery
Royal Horse Artillery
The regiments of the Royal Horse Artillery , dating from 1793, are part of the Royal Regiment of Artillery of the British Army...

. The Regular Army units are:

Regular regiments of the Royal Horse Artillery
  • King's Troop, Royal Horse Artillery
    King's Troop, Royal Horse Artillery
    The King's Troop, Royal Horse Artillery is a ceremonial unit of the British Army. It is a mounted unit and all of its soldiers are trained to drive a team of six horses that pull each of the six First World War-era 13-pounder state saluting guns...

     is a ceremonial unit equipped with 13 pounder
    Ordnance QF 13 pounder
    The Ordnance QF 13-pounder quick-firing field gun was the standard equipment of the British Royal Horse Artillery at the outbreak of World War I.-History:...

     guns for firing salutes, and is located in St John's Wood near Regent's Park.
  • 1st Regiment Royal Horse Artillery
    1st Regiment Royal Horse Artillery
    1st Regiment Royal Horse Artillery is a regiment of the Royal Horse Artillery in the British Army. It currently serves in the armoured field artillery role, and is equipped with the AS-90 self-propelled gun...

     – equipped with AS90 self-propelled artillery
    Self-propelled artillery
    Self-propelled artillery vehicles are combat vehicles armed with artillery. Within the term are covered self-propelled guns and rocket artillery...

     at Assaye Barracks in Tidworth
    Tidworth
    Tidworth is a town in south-east Wiltshire, England with a growing civilian population. Situated at the eastern edge of Salisbury Plain, it is approximately 10 miles west of Andover, 12 miles south of Marlborough, 24 miles south of Swindon, 15 miles north by north-east of Salisbury and 6 miles east...

  • 3rd Regiment Royal Horse Artillery
    3rd Regiment Royal Horse Artillery
    3rd Regiment Royal Horse Artillery is a regiment of the Royal Horse Artillery in the British Army. They are currently based in Caen Barracks, Hohne, Germany.-Current role:...

     (The Liverpool and Manchester Gunners) are equipped with the AS90 self-propelled artillery
    Self-propelled artillery
    Self-propelled artillery vehicles are combat vehicles armed with artillery. Within the term are covered self-propelled guns and rocket artillery...

    , based at Caen Barracks in Hohne
    Hohne
    Hohne is a municipality in the state of Lower Saxony in Germany, east of the county town of Celle. It includes the three former parishes of Hohne, Helmerkamp and Spechtshorn...

    , Germany
    Germany
    Germany , officially the Federal Republic of Germany , is a federal parliamentary republic in Europe. The country consists of 16 states while the capital and largest city is Berlin. Germany covers an area of 357,021 km2 and has a largely temperate seasonal climate...

    .
  • 7th (Parachute) Regiment Royal Horse Artillery – (The Airborne Gunners) Equipped with L118
    L118 Light Gun
    The L118 Light Gun is a 105 mm towed howitzer, originally produced for the British Army in the 1970s and widely exported since, including to the United States, where a modified version is known as the M119A1...

     105MM light gun and are currently part of 16th Air Assault Brigade based in Colchester
    Colchester
    Colchester is an historic town and the largest settlement within the borough of Colchester in Essex, England.At the time of the census in 2001, it had a population of 104,390. However, the population is rapidly increasing, and has been named as one of Britain's fastest growing towns. As the...



Regular regiments of the Royal Artillery
  • 4th Regiment Royal Artillery
    4th Regiment Royal Artillery
    The 4th Regiment Royal Artillery is a regiment of the Royal Artillery in the British Army. It currently serves in the armoured field artillery role, and is equipped with the AS-90 self-propelled gun....

     – (The North East Gunners) are equipped with AS90 self-propelled artillery
    Self-propelled artillery
    Self-propelled artillery vehicles are combat vehicles armed with artillery. Within the term are covered self-propelled guns and rocket artillery...

     at Alanbrooke Barracks in Topcliffe
    RAF Topcliffe
    RAF Topcliffe is a Royal Air Force station in North Yorkshire. It is a satellite station of RAF Linton-on-Ouse.Topcliffe opened in September 1940 as a bomber station in RAF Bomber Command and was home to 77 and 102 Squadrons flying the Whitley heavy bomber. There was a decoy site at Raskelf...

  • 5th Regiment Royal Artillery
    5th Regiment Royal Artillery
    5th Regiment Royal Artillery is a regiment of the Royal Artillery in the British Army. It currently serves in the Surveillance and Target Acquisition role equipped with various weapon locating equipment using radars and acoustic sound ranging, it also provides Special Observation Post...

     – (The North, East & West Yorkshire Gunners) are equipped with Surveillance and Target Acquisition and based at Marne Barracks in Catterick, North Yorkshire
    Catterick, North Yorkshire
    Catterick , sometimes Catterick Village, to distinguish it from the nearby Catterick Garrison, is a village and civil parish in the Richmondshire district of North Yorkshire, England...

  • 12th Regiment Royal Artillery
    12th Regiment Royal Artillery
    12th Regiment Royal Artillery is a regiment of the Royal Artillery in the British Army. It currently serves in the air defence role, and is equipped with the Starstreak HVM missile...

     – (The Lancashire and Cumbrian Gunners) are equipped with Starstreak HVM and are based at Baker Barracks, Thorney Island
    Thorney Island (West Sussex)
    Thorney Island is an island that juts into Chichester Harbour in West Sussex. It is separated from the mainland by a narrow channel called the Great Deep. The village of West Thorney lies on the east coast of the island and has been incorporated into the military base...

  • 14th Regiment Royal Artillery
    14th Regiment Royal Artillery
    14th Regiment Royal Artillery is a regiment of the Royal Artillery in the British Army. It currently serves in the training role.-Batteries:*1 Battery "The Blazers"*24 Battery *34 Battery-External links:*...

     – are the Training and Support Regiment based at Stirling Barracks in Larkhill
    Larkhill
    Larkhill is a garrison town in the civil parish of Durrington, Wiltshire, England. It is a short distance west of Durrington village proper and north of the prehistoric monument of Stonehenge. It is about north of Salisbury....

  • 16th Regiment Royal Artillery
    16th Regiment Royal Artillery
    16th Regiment Royal Artillery is a regiment of the Royal Artillery in the British Army. It currently serves in the air defence role, and is equipped with the Rapier missile....

     – (The London and Kent Gunners) are equipped with Rapier
    Rapier missile
    Rapier is a British surface-to-air missile developed for the British Army and Royal Air Force. Entering service in 1971, it eventually replaced all other anti-aircraft weapons in Army service; guns for low-altitude targets, and the English Electric Thunderbird, used against longer-range and...

     and are based at St George's Barracks North Luffenham
    North Luffenham
    North Luffenham is a village in Rutland, in the East Midlands of England. It lies to the north of the River Chater, east of Uppingham and west of Stamford.Located to the north of the village is St George's Barracks, formerly RAF North Luffenham....

    , in Leicestershire
    Leicestershire
    Leicestershire is a landlocked county in the English Midlands. It takes its name from the heavily populated City of Leicester, traditionally its administrative centre, although the City of Leicester unitary authority is today administered separately from the rest of Leicestershire...

  • 19th Regiment Royal Artillery
    19th Regiment Royal Artillery
    19th Regiment Royal Artillery – The Highland Gunners – is a regiment of the Royal Artillery in the British Army. It currently supports 12 Mechanised Brigade in the armoured field artillery role. The regiment has Fire Support Teams mounted in Warrior Mechanised Artillery Observation Vehicles...

     – (The Highland Gunners) are equipped with AS90 self-propelled artillery
    Self-propelled artillery
    Self-propelled artillery vehicles are combat vehicles armed with artillery. Within the term are covered self-propelled guns and rocket artillery...

     at Assaye Barracks in Tidworth
    Tidworth
    Tidworth is a town in south-east Wiltshire, England with a growing civilian population. Situated at the eastern edge of Salisbury Plain, it is approximately 10 miles west of Andover, 12 miles south of Marlborough, 24 miles south of Swindon, 15 miles north by north-east of Salisbury and 6 miles east...

  • 26th Regiment Royal Artillery
    26th Regiment Royal Artillery
    26th Regiment Royal Artillery is a regiment of the Royal Artillery in the British Army. It currently serves in the armoured field artillery role, and is equipped with the AS-90 self-propelled gun.-Batteries:...

     –– (The West Midland Gunners) are equipped with AS90 self-propelled artillery
    Self-propelled artillery
    Self-propelled artillery vehicles are combat vehicles armed with artillery. Within the term are covered self-propelled guns and rocket artillery...

     at Mansergh Barracks in Gütersloh
    Gütersloh
    Gütersloh is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, in the area of Westphalia and the administrative region of Detmold. Gütersloh is the administrative centre for a district of the same name and has a population of 96,320 people.- Geography :...

  • 29th Commando Regiment Royal Artillery
    29th Commando Regiment Royal Artillery
    29 Commando Regiment is the Commando-trained unit of the British Army's Royal Artillery. The regiment is under the operational control of 3 Commando Brigade providing artillery support and gunnery observation.- History :...

     – (The Commando Gunners) are equipped with the (L118
    L118 Light Gun
    The L118 Light Gun is a 105 mm towed howitzer, originally produced for the British Army in the 1970s and widely exported since, including to the United States, where a modified version is known as the M119A1...

     105MM light gun, and are currently part of 3 Commando Brigade
    3 Commando Brigade
    3 Commando Brigade is a commando formation of the British Armed Forces and the main manoeuvre formation of the Royal Marines. Its personnel are predominantly Royal Marines, supported by units of Royal Engineers, Royal Artillery, The Rifles, and the Fleet Air Arm, together with other Commando...

    , with most batteries based at the Royal Citadel in Plymouth
    Plymouth
    Plymouth is a city and unitary authority area on the coast of Devon, England, about south-west of London. It is built between the mouths of the rivers Plym to the east and Tamar to the west, where they join Plymouth Sound...

     with one battery (148 (Meiktila) Battery) based at RM Poole and 7 (Sphinx) Battery Royal Artillery Based at Royal Marines Base Condor in Arbroath.
  • 32nd Regiment Royal Artillery
    32nd Regiment Royal Artillery
    32nd Regiment Royal Artillery is a regiment of the Royal Artillery in the British Army. It currently serves in the surveillance and target acquisition role, and is equipped with the Hermes 450 and Watchkeeper unmanned aerial vehicles.-History:...

     – are equipped with Surveillance and Target Acquisition and Unmanned Air Vehicles and are based in Roberts Barracks in Larkhill
    Larkhill
    Larkhill is a garrison town in the civil parish of Durrington, Wiltshire, England. It is a short distance west of Durrington village proper and north of the prehistoric monument of Stonehenge. It is about north of Salisbury....

  • 39th Regiment Royal Artillery
    39th Regiment Royal Artillery
    39 Regiment Royal Artillery is part of the Royal Artillery. Its name is pronounced "three nine", The Regiment is one of the Depth fire units of 1st Artillery Brigade, part of the British Army...

     – (The Welsh Gunners) are equipped with MLRS and GMLRS
    M270 Multiple Launch Rocket System
    The M270 Multiple Launch Rocket System is an armored, self-propelled, multiple rocket launcher; a type of rocket artillery.Since the first M270s were delivered to the U.S. Army in 1983, the MLRS has been adopted by several NATO countries. Some 1,300 M270 systems have been manufactured in the...

     and are based at Newcastle
    Newcastle upon Tyne
    Newcastle upon Tyne is a city and metropolitan borough of Tyne and Wear, in North East England. Historically a part of Northumberland, it is situated on the north bank of the River Tyne...

    , Tyne and Wear
    Tyne and Wear
    Tyne and Wear is a metropolitan county in north east England around the mouths of the Rivers Tyne and Wear. It came into existence as a metropolitan county in 1974 after the passage of the Local Government Act 1972...

    , their recruiting area is Wales.
  • 40th Regiment Royal Artillery
    40th Regiment Royal Artillery
    40th Regiment Royal Artillery – The Lowland Gunners – is a regiment of the Royal Artillery in the British Army. It currently supports 19 Light Brigade in the field artillery role. It is structured into Fire Support Teams equipped with MSTAR, and the regiment's three gun batteries are equipped with...

     – (The Lowland Gunners) are equipped with L118
    L118 Light Gun
    The L118 Light Gun is a 105 mm towed howitzer, originally produced for the British Army in the 1970s and widely exported since, including to the United States, where a modified version is known as the M119A1...

     105MM light gun at Thiepval Barracks in Lisburn
    Lisburn
    DemographicsLisburn Urban Area is within Belfast Metropolitan Urban Area and is classified as a Large Town by the . On census day there were 71,465 people living in Lisburn...

    , Northern Ireland
    Northern Ireland
    Northern Ireland is one of the four countries of the United Kingdom. Situated in the north-east of the island of Ireland, it shares a border with the Republic of Ireland to the south and west...

  • 47th Regiment Royal Artillery
    47th Regiment Royal Artillery
    47th Regiment Royal Artillery is a regiment of the Royal Artillery in the British Army. It currently serves in the air defence role, and is equipped with the Starstreak HVM missile.It is currently located at Baker Barracks, Thorney Island in Hampshire...

     – (The Hampshire and Sussex Gunners) – are equipped with Unmanned Air Vehicles and are based at Baker Barracks, Thorney Island
    Thorney Island (West Sussex)
    Thorney Island is an island that juts into Chichester Harbour in West Sussex. It is separated from the mainland by a narrow channel called the Great Deep. The village of West Thorney lies on the east coast of the island and has been incorporated into the military base...


The Territorial Army

  • Honourable Artillery Company
    Honourable Artillery Company
    The Honourable Artillery Company was incorporated by Royal Charter in 1537 by King Henry VIII. Today it is a Registered Charity whose purpose is to attend to the “better defence of the realm"...

     (Surveillance and Target Acquisition) (London
    London
    London is the capital city of :England and the :United Kingdom, the largest metropolitan area in the United Kingdom, and the largest urban zone in the European Union by most measures. Located on the River Thames, London has been a major settlement for two millennia, its history going back to its...

    ) (Not part of the Royal Regiment of Artillery).
  • 100th (Yeomanry) Regiment Royal Artillery
    100th (Yeomanry) Regiment Royal Artillery
    100th Regiment Royal Artillery is a British Territorial Army Royal Artillery regiment that has three gun batteries, all equipped with the L118 Light Gun.- The Batteries are :...

     (Armoured/Field/Airborne Artillery)
  • 101st (Northumbrian) Regiment Royal Artillery (Volunteers)
    101st (Northumbrian) Regiment Royal Artillery (Volunteers)
    101st Regiment Royal Artillery are a M270 Multiple Launch Rocket System and Surveillance and Target Acquisition regiment of the Territorial Army with sub units throughout Northumbria. It is the only unit of the Territorial Army equipped with MLRS.The Regiment's role is to provide...

     (STA & MLRS)
  • 103rd (Lancashire Artillery Volunteers) Regiment Royal Artillery
    103rd (Lancashire Artillery Volunteers) Regiment Royal Artillery
    103rd Regiment Royal Artillery is a British Territorial Army Artillery unit, whose purpose is to provide reinforcements for units that use the 105 mm L118 Light Gun and AS90.- Formation :...

     (Field Artillery) (Lancashire Artillery Volunteers Band)
  • 104th Regiment Royal Artillery (Volunteers)
    104th Regiment Royal Artillery (Volunteers)
    104th Regiment Royal Artillery is a regiment of the British Territorial Army formed on 1 April 1967. It is a Tactical Unmanned Air Vehicle Support Regiment....

     (Surveillance and Target Acquisition – Unmanned Air Vehicles)
  • 105th Regiment Royal Artillery (Volunteers)
    105th Regiment Royal Artillery (Volunteers)
    105th Regiment Royal Artillery The Scottish & Ulster Gunners is a British Territorial Army Regiment of the Royal Artillery. The regiment is part of 51st Brigade...

     'The Scottish & Ulster Gunners' (Field Artillery)
  • 106th (Yeomanry) Regiment Royal Artillery
    106th (Yeomanry) Regiment Royal Artillery
    The 106th Regiment Royal Artillery is a Territorial Army Air Defence Artillery Regiment, with mixed equipment, in the British Army. One unit use the Starstreak HVM missile, while the other two use the Rapier SAM. The role 106 Regt is to provide reinforcement to regular army units...

     (Air Defence Artillery)


The Royal Artillery's traditional home has been Woolwich
Woolwich
Woolwich is a district in south London, England, located in the London Borough of Greenwich. The area is identified in the London Plan as one of 35 major centres in Greater London.Woolwich formed part of Kent until 1889 when the County of London was created...

, in south-east London
London
London is the capital city of :England and the :United Kingdom, the largest metropolitan area in the United Kingdom, and the largest urban zone in the European Union by most measures. Located on the River Thames, London has been a major settlement for two millennia, its history going back to its...

 but much of the training activity takes place at the Royal School of Artillery
Royal School of Artillery
The Royal School of Artillery is the principal training establishment for artillery warfare in the British Army. Established in 1915, it is located at Larkhill, on the south edge of Salisbury Plain in the United Kingdom...

 at Larkhill
Larkhill
Larkhill is a garrison town in the civil parish of Durrington, Wiltshire, England. It is a short distance west of Durrington village proper and north of the prehistoric monument of Stonehenge. It is about north of Salisbury....

 on Salisbury Plain
Salisbury Plain
Salisbury Plain is a chalk plateau in central southern England covering . It is part of the Southern England Chalk Formation and largely lies within the county of Wiltshire, with a little in Hampshire. The plain is famous for its rich archaeology, including Stonehenge, one of England's best known...

 in Wiltshire
Wiltshire
Wiltshire is a ceremonial county in South West England. It is landlocked and borders the counties of Dorset, Somerset, Hampshire, Gloucestershire, Oxfordshire and Berkshire. It contains the unitary authority of Swindon and covers...

. The Royal Regiment of Artillery is unique in that it has sub-units that often move between regiments, or are placed into suspended animation. See List of Royal Artillery Batteries

Support to current operations

All Close Support Artillery Regiments deploy to Afghanistan with the L118 Light Gun
L118 Light Gun
The L118 Light Gun is a 105 mm towed howitzer, originally produced for the British Army in the 1970s and widely exported since, including to the United States, where a modified version is known as the M119A1...

. Some convert to the Light Gun for a six month tour on Operation HERRICK
Operation Herrick
Operation Herrick is the codename under which all British operations in the war in Afghanistan have been conducted since 2002. It consists of the British contribution to the NATO-led International Security Assistance Force and support to the US-led Operation Enduring Freedom...

 and then revert back to their primary role.

16th Regiment Royal Artillery
16th Regiment Royal Artillery
16th Regiment Royal Artillery is a regiment of the Royal Artillery in the British Army. It currently serves in the air defence role, and is equipped with the Rapier missile....

 deploys a battery to the Falkland Islands in its primary air defence role with the Rapier missile
Rapier missile
Rapier is a British surface-to-air missile developed for the British Army and Royal Air Force. Entering service in 1971, it eventually replaced all other anti-aircraft weapons in Army service; guns for low-altitude targets, and the English Electric Thunderbird, used against longer-range and...

.

47th Regiment Royal Artillery
47th Regiment Royal Artillery
47th Regiment Royal Artillery is a regiment of the Royal Artillery in the British Army. It currently serves in the air defence role, and is equipped with the Starstreak HVM missile.It is currently located at Baker Barracks, Thorney Island in Hampshire...

 are currently equipped with the Lockheed Martin Desert Hawk unmanned aerial vehicle and use this system on operations.

39th Regiment Royal Artillery
39th Regiment Royal Artillery
39 Regiment Royal Artillery is part of the Royal Artillery. Its name is pronounced "three nine", The Regiment is one of the Depth fire units of 1st Artillery Brigade, part of the British Army...

 have recently converted from the MLRS
M270 Multiple Launch Rocket System
The M270 Multiple Launch Rocket System is an armored, self-propelled, multiple rocket launcher; a type of rocket artillery.Since the first M270s were delivered to the U.S. Army in 1983, the MLRS has been adopted by several NATO countries. Some 1,300 M270 systems have been manufactured in the...

 to the Guided MLRS for use on operations.

Air defence

The Royal Artillery is equipped with two main weapons in the air defence mission;
  • Rapier FSC
    Rapier missile
    Rapier is a British surface-to-air missile developed for the British Army and Royal Air Force. Entering service in 1971, it eventually replaced all other anti-aircraft weapons in Army service; guns for low-altitude targets, and the English Electric Thunderbird, used against longer-range and...

     – Rapier is the standard Low Level Air Defence (LLAD) weapon in the British Army. In the Royal Artillery, it equips 16 Regiment, and 2 batteries of 106 Regiment RA(V).
  • Starstreak HVM
    Starstreak missile
    Starstreak is a British short range surface-to-air missile manufactured by Thales Air Defence , in Belfast. It is also known as Starstreak HVM where HVM stands for "High Velocity Missile". After launch the missile accelerates to approximately Mach 3.5, at which point it launches three laser beam...

     – Starstreak is a continuation of the Blowpipe
    Blowpipe missile
    The Shorts Blowpipe is a man-portable surface-to-air missile which was in use with the British Army and Royal Marines from 1975. It was superseded by an interim design, Javelin, and later the greatly improved Starstreak missile.-Description:...

     and Javelin
    Javelin surface-to-air missile
    Javelin is a British, man-portable surface-to-air missile, formerly used by the British Army and Canadian Army. It can be fired from the shoulder, or from a dedicated launcher known as Javelin LML—Lightweight Multiple Launcher...

     series. In the RA it can be used as a shoulder-launched weapon, in the Lightweight Multiple Launcher (LML) or mounted on a Stormer armoured vehicle. The weapon equips 12 Regiment, 47 Regiment and one battery of 106 Regiment RA(V).

Close support

In the support mission, the Royal Artillery has three types of weapon;
  • MLRS
    M270 Multiple Launch Rocket System
    The M270 Multiple Launch Rocket System is an armored, self-propelled, multiple rocket launcher; a type of rocket artillery.Since the first M270s were delivered to the U.S. Army in 1983, the MLRS has been adopted by several NATO countries. Some 1,300 M270 systems have been manufactured in the...

     – the Multiple Launch Rocket System equips the "heavy" regiments of the Royal Artillery, 39 Regiment and 101(V) Regiment.
  • AS90 – the AS90 is a self-propelled gun that equips five field regiments, 1 RHA, 3 RHA, 4 Regiment, 19 Regiment and 26 Regiment.
  • Light gun
    L118 Light Gun
    The L118 Light Gun is a 105 mm towed howitzer, originally produced for the British Army in the 1970s and widely exported since, including to the United States, where a modified version is known as the M119A1...

     – the Light Gun is a 105 mm gun used in the close support mission in support of light or specialist forces. It equips three Regular regiments, 7 (Para) RHA, 29 (Commando) Regt RA and 40 Regiment RA, as well as three Territorial Army Regiments – 100 Regt RA(V), 103 Regt RA(V) and 105 Regt RA(V).

Surveillance and Target Acquisition

  • COBRA
    Cobra
    Cobra is a venomous snake belonging to the family Elapidae. However, not all snakes commonly referred to as cobras are of the same genus, or even of the same family. The name is short for cobra capo or capa Snake, which is Portuguese for "snake with hood", or "hood-snake"...

    , MAMBA
    MAMBA
    MAMBA stands for Mobile Artillery Monitoring Battlefield Asset, a counter-battery radar operated by the Royal Artillery.-See also:*Artillery Surveillance and Target Acquisition*CoBRa*ASP-References:...

    , ASP – the COunter Battery RAdar (Cobra), Mobile Artillery Monitoring Battlefield Asset (Mamba) and Advanced Sound ranging Program (ASP) are the main pieces of equipment used in the battlefield surveillance mission by 5th Regiment RA
    5th Regiment Royal Artillery
    5th Regiment Royal Artillery is a regiment of the Royal Artillery in the British Army. It currently serves in the Surveillance and Target Acquisition role equipped with various weapon locating equipment using radars and acoustic sound ranging, it also provides Special Observation Post...

     & 101st (Northumbrian) Regiment Royal Artillery (Volunteers)
    101st (Northumbrian) Regiment Royal Artillery (Volunteers)
    101st Regiment Royal Artillery are a M270 Multiple Launch Rocket System and Surveillance and Target Acquisition regiment of the Territorial Army with sub units throughout Northumbria. It is the only unit of the Territorial Army equipped with MLRS.The Regiment's role is to provide...

    .
  • Phoenix UAV – the Phoenix Unmanned Aerial Vehicle
    Unmanned aerial vehicle
    An unmanned aerial vehicle , also known as a unmanned aircraft system , remotely piloted aircraft or unmanned aircraft, is a machine which functions either by the remote control of a navigator or pilot or autonomously, that is, as a self-directing entity...

     is utilised in the surveillance mission by 32 Regiment.
  • Desert Hawk UAV – the Desert Hawk Unmanned Aerial Vehicle
    Unmanned aerial vehicle
    An unmanned aerial vehicle , also known as a unmanned aircraft system , remotely piloted aircraft or unmanned aircraft, is a machine which functions either by the remote control of a navigator or pilot or autonomously, that is, as a self-directing entity...

     is a smaller, more discreet vehicle. Also operated by 32, 47 and 12 Regiment.

Order of precedence

Affiliations

Royal Regiment of Canadian Artillery
Royal Regiment of Canadian Artillery
The Royal Regiment of Canadian Artillery is the artillery personnel branch of the Canadian Forces .-History:...

 – Royal Regiment of Australian Artillery
Royal Regiment of Australian Artillery
The Royal Regiment of Australian Artillery, normally referred to as the Royal Australian Artillery , is a corps of the Australian Army descended from the original colonial artillery units prior to Australia's federation...

 – Royal Regiment of New Zealand Artillery
Royal Regiment of New Zealand Artillery
The Royal New Zealand Artillery forms the artillery section of the New Zealand Army. In its current form it was founded in 1947 with the amalgamation of the regular and volunteer units of artillery in New Zealand.-Modern structure:...

 – Regiment of Artillery – Regiment of Artillery – Sri Lanka Artillery
Sri Lanka Artillery
The Sri Lanka Artillery is a corps of the Sri Lanka Army. It is made up of 7 regular regiments and 2 volunteer regiments. The SLA is headquartered at Panagoda Cantonment, Panagoda.-History:...

 – Singapore Volunteer Artillery
Singapore Volunteer Corps
The Singapore Volunteer Corps was a militia unit established in 1854 as the Singapore Volunteer Rifle Corps. The Corps underwent several reorganisations and was known by various names through its history...

 – Armed Forces of Malta
Armed Forces of Malta
The Armed Forces of Malta is the name given to the combined armed services of Malta. The AFM is a brigade sized organisation consisting of a headquarters and three separate battalions, with minimal air and naval forces.- Headquarters, AFM :...

 – Rejimen Artileri Diraja
Rejimen Artileri Diraja
The Rejimen Artileri DiRaja is the artillery corps of the Malaysian Army. Rejimen Artileri DiRaja was formed in Kajang on 15 August 1957 when a single battery was formed, drawn from Malay personnel formerly serving with the British Army's Royal Regiment of Artillery...

 – The Royal Gibraltar Regiment
Royal Gibraltar Regiment
The Royal Gibraltar Regiment is the home defence unit for the British overseas territory of Gibraltar. It was formed in 1958 from the Gibraltar Defence Force as an infantry unit, with an integrated artillery troop.-Formation:...

 – South African Artillery Corps
South African Army Artillery Formation
The South African Army Artillery Formation is the controlling entity of all South African Army artillery units.-Regular units:* Artillery Formation Headquarters* School of Artillery* 4 Artillery Regiment...


See also

  • Artillery
    Artillery
    Originally applied to any group of infantry primarily armed with projectile weapons, artillery has over time become limited in meaning to refer only to those engines of war that operate by projection of munitions far beyond the range of effect of personal weapons...

  • Royal Artillery Mounted Band
    Royal Artillery Mounted Band
    -Origins:' The first documented accounts of music in the 'English Artillery' date back to 1557 at the battle of St. Quentin, where the Artillery had their "drumme and phife". Bands known as 'Hoboys' from the hautbois , appeared throughout the cavalry and foot guards regiments...

  • Royal Artillery Memorial
    Royal Artillery Memorial
    The Royal Artillery Memorial is a stone memorial at Hyde Park Corner in London, dedicated to casualties in the British Royal Regiment of Artillery in First World War. The memorial was designed by Charles Jagger and Lionel Pearson, and features a giant sculpture of a BL 9.2 inch Mk I howitzer upon a...

  • Royal Artillery Barracks
    Royal Artillery Barracks
    The Royal Artillery Barracks at Woolwich in South East London is the "home" of the Royal Artillery. It is famous for having the longest continuous building facade in the UK as well as for having the largest parade square of any UK barracks.-History:...

  • Royal School of Artillery
    Royal School of Artillery
    The Royal School of Artillery is the principal training establishment for artillery warfare in the British Army. Established in 1915, it is located at Larkhill, on the south edge of Salisbury Plain in the United Kingdom...

  • Firepower – The Royal Artillery Museum
  • Bermuda Militia Artillery
    Bermuda Militia Artillery
    The Bermuda Militia Artillery was a unit of part-time soldiers organised in 1895 as a reserve for the Royal Garrison Artillery detachment of the Regular Army garrison in Bermuda.-Foundation:...

  • Royal Regiment of Canadian Artillery
    Royal Regiment of Canadian Artillery
    The Royal Regiment of Canadian Artillery is the artillery personnel branch of the Canadian Forces .-History:...

  • Royal Regiment of Australian Artillery
    Royal Regiment of Australian Artillery
    The Royal Regiment of Australian Artillery, normally referred to as the Royal Australian Artillery , is a corps of the Australian Army descended from the original colonial artillery units prior to Australia's federation...

  • Royal Regiment of New Zealand Artillery
    Royal Regiment of New Zealand Artillery
    The Royal New Zealand Artillery forms the artillery section of the New Zealand Army. In its current form it was founded in 1947 with the amalgamation of the regular and volunteer units of artillery in New Zealand.-Modern structure:...

  • 79th Light Anti-Aircraft Battery
    79th Light Anti-Aircraft Battery
    The 79th LAA Battery was an independent Territorial Army unit of the Royal Artillery of the British Army. It was originally trained to defend key installations in the area of Walton on Thames, including water reservoirs supplying London...

  • Manx Regiment
    Manx Regiment
    The Manx Regiment - the 15th Light Anti Aircraft Regiment, Royal Artillery - was raised in 1938 as a Territorial Army unit of the British Army. It recruited on the Isle of Man....


External links

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