Register of the National Estate
The Register of the National Estate is a listing of natural and cultural heritage places in Australia
Australia , officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a country in the Southern Hemisphere comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania, and numerous smaller islands in the Indian and Pacific Oceans. It is the world's sixth-largest country by total area...

. The listing was initially compiled between 1976 and 2003 by the Australian Heritage Commission. The register is now maintained by the Australian Heritage Council
Australian Heritage Council
Australian Heritage Council was established on 19 February, 2004 as the Australian body responsible for advising the Australian Government on cultural heritage matters...

. 13,000 places are listed.

The expression "national estate" was first used by the British architect Clough Williams-Ellis
Clough Williams-Ellis
Sir Bertram Clough Williams-Ellis, CBE, MC was an English-born Welsh architect known chiefly as creator of the Italianate village of Portmeirion in North Wales.-Origins, education and early career:...

, and reached Australia in the 1970s. It was incorporated into the Australian Heritage Commission Act and is used to describe a collection of buildings and sites that are worthy of preservation for a variety of reasons. It covers natural environments as well as European history and Aboriginal culture.

Process of listing

Anyone can suggest that a certain site should be listed on the Register of the National Estate. A nomination form is provided and is then submitted to an expert group for evaluation. If a place is accepted for listing, the nomination is declared in the Commonwealth Gazette and newspapers. The Heritage Council eventually makes a decision after the public has had time to comment and raise possible objections. The listing, if it takes place, is based on an assessment of the values of the nominated place, whether "aesthetic, historic, scientific, or social significance, or other special value".

A listing on the Register requires that a Commonwealth Minister or authority should not take any course of action that will adversely affect the listed subjects unless there is no alternative; in the latter case, the Minister is obliged to take steps to minimise any effect on the listed subject. The listing does not impose any legal obligations on private owners, companies, State governments or local governments. The Australian Heritage Council must always be consulted if any government wants to take a course of action that may have an adverse effect on a listed subject. The Council itself cannot make decisions on a proposed course of action; such decisions are made by the Federal Minister or the relevant authority contemplating any such course of action.


The Register of the National Estate was frozen in February 2007. It will continue until February 2012 but has been replaced by other heritage lists.


A small selection of Sydney buildings listed on the Register of the National Estate
Register of the National Estate
The Register of the National Estate is a listing of natural and cultural heritage places in Australia. The listing was initially compiled between 1976 and 2003 by the Australian Heritage Commission. The register is now maintained by the Australian Heritage Council...

  • The Abbey, Annandale
  • Admiralty House, Kirribilli
  • Annandale Post Office, Johnston Street, Annandale
  • Art Gallery of New South Wales
    Art Gallery of New South Wales
    The Art Gallery of New South Wales , located in The Domain in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia, was established in 1897 and is the most important public gallery in Sydney and the fourth largest in Australia...

    , Art Gallery Road
  • Australian Museum
    Australian Museum
    The Australian Museum is the oldest museum in Australia, with an international reputation in the fields of natural history and anthropology. It features collections of vertebrate and invertebrate zoology, as well as mineralogy, palaeontology, and anthropology...

    , College Street
  • Burns Philp
    Burns Philp
    Burns Philp was once a major player in the food manufacturing business. Since its delisting from the Australian Stock Exchange in December 2006 and the subsequent sale of its assets, the company has mainly become a cashed up shell company...

     Building, Bridge Street
  • Central railway station, Sydney
    Central railway station, Sydney
    Central Railway Station, the largest railway station in Australia, is at the southern end of the Sydney CBD. It services almost all the lines on the CityRail network, and is the major terminus for interurban and interstate rail services...

  • Christchurch, Walker Street, North Sydney
  • Corporation Building, Hay Street
  • Customs House, Sydney
    Customs House, Sydney
    The Customs House is an historic Sydney landmark located in the city's Circular Quay area. Constructed initially in 1844-1845, the building served as the headquarters of the Customs Service until 1990. Ownership was then transferred from the Commonwealth Government of Australia to the City of...

    , Alfred Street
  • Department of Lands building
    Department of Lands building
    The Department of Lands building is late nineteenth century building in Bridge Street, Sydney, designed by James Barnet. It is a large three storey public building which was built in different stages. This is the largest building designed by Barnet in Colonial Sydney. The building is listed on the...

    , Bridge Street
  • Department of Education Building, Bridge Street
  • Former Gresham Hotel, Corner York and Druitt Streets
  • Former Bank Building, Corner George and Bathurst Street
  • General Post Office, Sydney, Martin Place
  • Government House, Sydney
    Government House, Sydney
    Government House is located in Sydney, Australia alongside the Royal Botanic Gardens, overlooking Sydney Harbour, just south of the Sydney Opera House...

    , Bennelong Point
  • Hyde Park Barracks, Sydney
    Hyde Park Barracks, Sydney
    The Hyde Park Barracks is an internationally significant, impressive brick building and compound designed by convict architect Francis Greenway between 1818–19; originally built at the head of Macquarie Street to house convict men and boys....

    , Macquarie Street
  • Kirribilli House
    Kirribilli House
    Kirribilli House is the official Sydney residence of the Australian Prime Minister. The house is located at the far eastern end of Kirribilli Avenue in the harbourside suburb of Kirribilli...

    , Kirribilli
  • Loreto Kirribilli
    Loreto Kirribilli
    Loreto Kirribilli is a Roman Catholic, day school for girls, located in Kirribilli, a Lower North Shore suburb of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia....

    , Carabella Road, Kirribilli
  • MLC building, North Sydney, first high-rise in the North Shore
  • North Sydney Post Office, Pacific Highway, North Sydney
  • Parliament House, Sydney
    Parliament House, Sydney
    Parliament House in Sydney is a complex of buildings housing the Parliament of New South Wales, a state of Australia. It is located on the east side of Macquarie Street in Sydney, the state capital. The facade consists of a two storey Georgian building, the oldest public building in the City of...

    , Macquarie Street
  • Queen Victoria Building
    Queen Victoria Building
    The Queen Victoria Building, or QVB, is a late nineteenth century building by the architect George McRae in the central business district of Sydney, Australia. The Romanesque Revival building is 30 metres wide by 190 metres long, and fills a city block, bounded by George, Market, York and Druitt...

    , George Street
  • St Andrew's Cathedral, Sydney, George Street
  • St Francis Xavier Church, Mackenzie Street, North Sydney
  • St James' Church, Sydney, King Street
  • St Peter's Church, Blues Point Road, North Sydney
  • State Library of New South Wales
    State Library of New South Wales
    The State Library of New South Wales is a large public library owned by the state of New South Wales, Australia. It is located in Macquarie Street, Sydney near Shakespeare Place...

    , Macquarie Street
  • Sydney Harbour Bridge
    Sydney Harbour Bridge
    The Sydney Harbour Bridge is a steel through arch bridge across Sydney Harbour that carries rail, vehicular, bicycle and pedestrian traffic between the Sydney central business district and the North Shore. The dramatic view of the bridge, the harbour, and the nearby Sydney Opera House is an iconic...

  • Sydney Hospital
    Sydney Hospital
    Sydney Hospital is a major hospital in Sydney, Australia, located on Macquarie Street in the Sydney central business district. It is the oldest hospital in Australia, dating back to 1788, and has been at its current location since 1811. It first received the name Sydney Hospital in 1881.Currently...

    , Macquarie Street
  • Sydney Mint
    Sydney Mint
    The Sydney Mint in Sydney, Australia, is the oldest public building in the Sydney Central Business District. Built between 1811 and 1816 as the southern wing of the Sydney Hospital, it was then known as the Rum Hospital. In 1854 a mint was established on the site with the hospital building used...

    , Macquarie Street
  • Sydney Opera House
    Sydney Opera House
    The Sydney Opera House is a multi-venue performing arts centre in the Australian city of Sydney. It was conceived and largely built by Danish architect Jørn Utzon, finally opening in 1973 after a long gestation starting with his competition-winning design in 1957...

    , Bennelong Point
  • Sydney Town Hall
    Sydney Town Hall
    The Sydney Town Hall is a landmark sandstone building located in the heart of Sydney. It stands opposite the Queen Victoria Building and alongside St Andrew's Cathedral...

    , George Street

External links

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