Rachel Carson
Rachel Louise Carson was an American marine biologist
Marine biology
Marine biology is the scientific study of organisms in the ocean or other marine or brackish bodies of water. Given that in biology many phyla, families and genera have some species that live in the sea and others that live on land, marine biology classifies species based on the environment rather...

 and conservationist
Conservationists are proponents or advocates of conservation. They advocate for the protection of all the species in an ecosystem with a strong focus on the natural environment...

 whose writings are credited with advancing the global environmental movement
Environmental movement
The environmental movement, a term that includes the conservation and green politics, is a diverse scientific, social, and political movement for addressing environmental issues....


Carson began her career as a biologist in the U.S. Bureau of Fisheries
United States Fish and Wildlife Service
The United States Fish and Wildlife Service is a federal government agency within the United States Department of the Interior dedicated to the management of fish, wildlife, and natural habitats...

, and became a full-time nature writer in the 1950s. Her widely praised 1951 bestseller The Sea Around Us
The Sea Around Us
The Sea Around Us is a prize-winning 1951 bestseller by Rachel Carson about oceanography, marine biology and the ecosystem within and around the world's oceans and seas. It is the second book Carson wrote, following the well-reviewed but poor-selling Under the Sea Wind , and is the book that...

 won her financial security and recognition as a gifted writer. Her next book, The Edge of the Sea
The Edge of the Sea
The Edge of the Sea was Rachel Carson's third book in her sea trilogy, published in 1955. It was reprinted in 1998 by Mariner Books.-Excerpt:*ISBN 0395924960*ISBN 978-0395924969...

, and the republished version of her first book, Under the Sea Wind, were also bestsellers.

The aim of science is to discover and illuminate truth. And that, I take it, is the aim of literature, whether biography or history or fiction. It seems to me, then, that there can be no separate literature of science.

Acceptance speech of the National Book Award for Nonfiction (1952) for The Sea Around Us; also in Lost Woods : The Discovered Writing of Rachel Carson (1999) edited by Linda Lear, p. 91.

We have been troubled about the world, and had almost lost faith in man; it helps to think about the long history of the earth, and of how life came to be. And when we think in terms of millions of years, we are not so impatient that our own problems be solved tomorrow.

Speech accepting the John Burroughs Medal (April 1952); also in Lost Woods : The Discovered Writing of Rachel Carson (1999) edited by Linda Lear, p. 96.

I like to define biology as the history of the earth and all its life — past, present, and future. To understand biology is to understand that all life is linked to the earth from which it came; it is to understand that the stream of life, flowing out of the dim past into the uncertain future, is in reality a unified force, though composed of an infinite number and variety of separate lives.

Preface to Humane Biology Projects (1961) by the Animal Welfare Institute

Any concept of biology is not only sterile and profitless, it is distorted and untrue, if it puts its primary focus on unnatural conditions rather than on those vast forces not of man's making that shape and channel the nature and direction of life.

Preface to Humane Biology Projects (1961) by the Animal Welfare Institute