Qusai ibn Kilab
Qusai ibn Kilab ibn Murrah (Qusayy or Kusayy) was the great-grandfather of Shaiba ibn Hashim
Shaiba ibn Hashim
Shaiba ibn Hashim , better known as or Abd al-Muttalib, since he was raised by his uncle Muttalib, was the grandfather of Islamic prophet Muhammad.-Early life:...

 (Abdul-Mutallib). He was fifth in the line of descent to the Islamic
Prophets of Islam
Muslims identify the Prophets of Islam as those humans chosen by God and given revelation to deliver to mankind. Muslims believe that every prophet was given a belief to worship God and their respective followers believed it as well...

Muhammad |ligature]] at U+FDF4 ;Arabic pronunciation varies regionally; the first vowel ranges from ~~; the second and the last vowel: ~~~. There are dialects which have no stress. In Egypt, it is pronounced not in religious contexts...

, and attained supreme power at Makkah. Qusai is amongst the ancestors of Sahaba
In Islam, the ' were the companions, disciples, scribes and family of the Islamic prophet...

 and the progenitor of the Quraysh.


He was born into the famous Quraysh tribe. His father was Kilab ibn Murrah
Kilab ibn Murrah
Kilab ibn Murrah was the paternal great-great-great-great grandfather and maternal great-great-great grandfather of Islamic prophet Muhammad....

. After Islamization the tribe claimed that he was a descendant of Ibrahim (Abraham
Abraham , whose birth name was Abram, is the eponym of the Abrahamic religions, among which are Judaism, Christianity and Islam...

) through his son Isma'il (Ishmael
Ishmael is a figure in the Hebrew Bible and the Qur'an, and was Abraham's first born child according to Jews, Christians and Muslims. Ishmael was born of Abraham's marriage to Sarah's handmaiden Hagar...

) died when Qusai was an infant. His elder brother Zuhrah ibn Kilab
Zuhrah ibn Kilab
Zuhrah ibn Kilab ibn Murrah was the great-grandfather of Aminah bint Wahb, thus the great-great-grandfather of the Islamic prophet Muhammad, and the progenitor of the Banu Zuhrah clan of the distinguished Quraysh tribe in Mecca....

 was the progenitor of the Banu Zuhrah
Banu Zuhrah
Banu Zuhrah is a clan of the Quraish tribe.Akhnas ibn Shariq al-Thaqifi and the Banu Zuhrah where with the Meccan as part of the escort that preceded the battle of Badr, but since he believed the caravan to be safe, he did not join Quraish on their way to a festival in badr...

 clan. After his father's death his mother Fatimah bint Sa'd ibn Sayl
Fatimah bint Sa'd
Fatimah bint Sa'd was the paternal great-great-great-great grandmother and maternal great-great-great grandmother of Islamic prophet Muhammad.She was daughter of Sa'd ibn Sayl of Banu Azd of Yemen. She married Kilab ibn Murrah, and bore him two sons...

 married Rabi'ah ibn Haram from the Bani Azra tribe, who took her with him to as-Sham
Greater Syria
Greater Syria , also known simply as Syria, is a term that denotes a region in the Near East bordering the Eastern Mediterranean Sea or the Levant....

 where she gave birth to a son called Darraj.

Life in as-Sham

Qusai grew up knowing no other father than Rabi'ah. When a quarrel broke out between Qusai and some members of the Rabi'ah tribe, they reproached him as they would a foreigner and betrayed the fact that they never regarded him as one of their own. Qusai complained to his mother and related to her the reproach he heard. Her answer was as defiant as it was proud. "O my son," she said, "your descendance is nobler than theirs, you are the son of Kilab ibn Murrah, and your people live in the proximity of the holy house in Makkah." This was the cause of Qusai's departure from as Sham and return to Makkah.

Life in Makkah

His seriousness and wisdom soon won him the respect of the Meccans. When Qusai came of age, Hulail ibn Hubshiyyah the chief of Banu Khuza'a
Banu Khuza'a
the Khuza'a or Banu Khuza'a form a branch of the South Arabian tribe of Azd-Origin:Most traditionalists trace the origins of the tribe to Amr ibn Lahi al-Khuza'i, and agree that with the other branches of the Azd they at some point left the Yemen and moved north. 'Amr ibn Luhay and his clan...

 tribe was the trustee and guardian of the Ka'bah
The Kaaba is a cuboid-shaped building in Mecca, Saudi Arabia, and is the most sacred site in Islam. The Qur'an states that the Kaaba was constructed by Abraham, or Ibraheem, in Arabic, and his son Ishmael, or Ismaeel, as said in Arabic, after he had settled in Arabia. The building has a mosque...

. Soon Qusai asked for and married Hubba
Hubba bint Hulail
Hubba bint Hulail was the grandmother of Hashim ibn 'Abd Manaf, thus the great-great-great-grandmother of Islamic prophet Muhammad.She was the daughter of Hulail ibn Hubshiyyah of Banu Khuza'a who was the trustee and guardian of the Ka'aba. She married Qusai ibn Kilab and after her father died, the...

, daughter of Hulail. He continued to work hard at his trade and acquired much affluence, great respect, and many children. When his father-in-law died after a fierce battle which ended in arbitration , he committed the keys of the Ka'bah to Hubba, wife of Qusai. Hulail preferred Qusai from his own sons as Qusai was outstanding among Arabs of his time and therefore according to Hulail's will, got the trusteeship of the Ka'bah after him.

He therefore bought those of Quraysh who were his nearest of kin and settled them in the Meccan valley besides the Sanctuary - his brother Zuhrah, his uncle Taym ibn Murrah, the son of another uncle Makhzum ibn Yaqaza, and his other cousins Jumah and Sahm who were less close. These and their posterity where known as Quraysh of Hollow, whereas his more remote kinsmen settled in the ravines of the surrounding hills and in the countryside beyond and where known as Quraysh of the Outskirts.

He ruled as a king and is reputed to have brought great honor and illustriousness to his tribe, due to his wisdom. He reconstructed the Ka'bah from a state of decay, and made the Arab people build their houses around it. He is known to have built the first "town hall" in the Arabian Peninsula
Arabian Peninsula
The Arabian Peninsula is a land mass situated north-east of Africa. Also known as Arabia or the Arabian subcontinent, it is the world's largest peninsula and covers 3,237,500 km2...

 a spacious dwelling which was known as the House of Assembly. Leaders of different clans met in this hall to discuss their social, commercial, cultural and political problems. A provident leader, Qusai created laws so that pilgrim
A pilgrim is a traveler who is on a journey to a holy place. Typically, this is a physical journeying to some place of special significance to the adherent of a particular religious belief system...

s who went to Makkah were supplied with food and water, which was paid for by a tax that he persuaded his people to pay. He distributed the responsibilities of looking after the visitors during pilgrimage taking care of Ka'bah, warfare and pacifying amongst myriad tribes living in Makkah.

Qusai had many sons, some of them are Abd ibn Qusai, who had issue, Abd-al-Dar ibn Qusai
Abd-al-Dar ibn Qusai
Abd-al-Dar ibn Qusai forms an important link between his father, Qusai ibn Kilab , the great-great-grandfather of Shaiba ibn Hashim and his own sons, since he is the progenitor of the Banu Abd-al-dar -References:...

, Abd Manaf ibn Qusai
Abd Manaf ibn Qusai
‘Abdu Manāf ibn Quṣayy was a Quraishi and great-great-grandfather of the Islamic prophet Muhammad and Ali. His father was Quṣayy ibn Kilāb.-Biography:...

 and Abd-al-Uzza ibn Qusai
Abd-al-Uzza ibn Qusai
In Islam, ʻAbdu l-ʻUzzá ibn Qusai forms an important link between his father, Qusai ibn Kilab , the great-great-grandfather of Shaiba ibn Hashim (ʻAbdu l-Mutallib) and his son Asad ibn Abd-Al-Uzza, the progenitor of the Banu Asad. He had issue....


It was a marked characteristic of Qusai's line that in each generation there would be one man who was altogether pre-eminent. Among his four sons Abd Manaf was already honoured in his lifetime. However he preferred his first born, Abd-al-Dar, although he was the least capable of all; and shortly before his death he invested all his rights, powers, and transferred to him the ownership of the House of Assembly.


  • Adnan
    Adnan is the traditional ancestor of the Adnani Arabs of northern, central and western Arabia, as opposed to the Qahtani of Southern and south eastern Arabia who descend from Qahtan.-Origin:...

    (son of Add, son of Send, son of Napyot
    Nebaioth is mentioned at least five times in the Hebrew Bible according to which he was the firstborn son of Ishmael, and the name appears as the name of one of the wilderness tribes mentioned in the Book of Genesis 25:13, and in the Book of Isaiah 60:7.-Biblical occurrences:In the Book of...

     son of Ismail, Islamic Prophet
    Ishmael is a figure in the Hebrew Bible and the Qur'an, and was Abraham's first born child according to Jews, Christians and Muslims. Ishmael was born of Abraham's marriage to Sarah's handmaiden Hagar...

    • Akk, had issue
    • El-Rith
    • El-No'man
    • El-Dhallâh
    • Ma'add
      • Nizar
        • Rabi'a El-Farras, had issue
        • Anmar
        • Mudar
          • Ailân, had issue
          • Ilyâs
            • Omeir
            • Amir, had issue
            • Mudrika
              • Hodseil, had issue
              • Khuzayma
                • Kinâna
                  • El-Nadr
                    • Malik
                      • Fihr or Kuraysh, Founder of the Tribe of the Kurayshites
                        • Muharib, had issue
                        • El-Harith, had issue
                        • Ghalib
                          • Lu'avy
                            • Chozeima, had issue
                            • Amir, had issue
                            • Ka'b
                              • Adi, ancestor of Umar
                                `Umar ibn al-Khattāb c. 2 November , was a leading companion and adviser to the Islamic prophet Muhammad who later became the second Muslim Caliph after Muhammad's death....

                              • Husays
                                • Amr and others
                              • Morra or Murrah
                                • Taym, ancestor of Abu Bakr
                                  Abu Bakr
                                  Abu Bakr was a senior companion and the father-in-law of the Islamic prophet Muhammad. He ruled over the Rashidun Caliphate from 632-634 CE when he became the first Muslim Caliph following Muhammad's death...

                                • Yaqaza, had issue
                                • Kilab
                                  • Zuhra, had issue
                                  • Qusai ibn Kilab ibn Murrah (Qusayy or Kusayy)
                            • Sâma, had issue
                            • Salma
                            • Sa'd
                            • Goschem
                            • Aub
                              • Morra
                            • El-Harith
                              • Wakb
                                • Oquda, ancestor of Hamal
                          • Teim El-Adram, had issue
                          • Jacklod, had issue
                          • Atika
                        • Azib, had issue
                        • Gandala
                      • El-Hârith, had issue
                    • Jacklod, had issue
                    • El-Calt
                  • Abdmenât, had issue
                  • Hodâl
                  • Milkân
                  • Amr
                  • Malik, had issue
                  • Amir
                • Asad, had issue
                • El-Haun
        • Iyad, had issue
      • Iyad, ancestors of the Iyadites
      • Anmar
      • Conâça
      • Canaç
      • Heida, had issue
      • Heidân, had issue
    • Adi
    • Adan
    • Amr
    • Nabt
    • Odd

See also

  • Family tree of Muhammad
    Family tree of Muhammad
    -Family tree:* Note that direct lineage is marked in bold.* * indicates that the marriage order is disputed-Genealogy:Wathilah ibn al-Asqa narrated the Prophet Muhammad said;-Muhammad to Adnan:...

  • Family tree of Shaiba ibn Hashim
    Family tree of Shaiba ibn Hashim
    -Lineage of Shaiba ibn Hashim:Shaiba ibn Hashim was the grandfather of Prophet Muhammad, who was the cousin and father-in-law of Ali ibn Abi Talib, who was the fourth and last of the Rightly Guided Caliphs according to Sunni Muslims and the first Imam according to Shia Muslims...

  • Ancestry of Qusai ibn Kilab
  • Descent from Adnan to Muhammad
  • Banu Hashim
    Banu Hashim
    Banū Hāshim was a clan in the Quraysh tribe. Muhammad, was a member of this clan; his great-grandfather was Hashim, for whom the clan is named. Members of this clan are referred to by the Anglicised version of their name as Hashemites, or Huseini or Hasani...

  • Banu Quraysh
  • Banu Kinanah
    Banu Kinanah
    Banu Kinanah is the largest Adnanite tribe of western Saudi Arabia in Hejaz. Since Islamization they started to claim that they are descended from Kinanah, who was a grandson of Ilyas who was named after the prophet Elijah.- Ancestry :The tribe traces a genealogical history backwards from their...

  • Banu Mudhar
    Mudhar or Mudar , is one of two major branches of the "North arabian" tribes, the other branch being Rabi'ah....

External links

  • Banu Hashim — Before the Birth of Islam — Restatement of History of Islam and Muslims
  • http://www.islamonline.net/English/hajj/2002/01/literature/article08.shtml
  • http://al-islam.org/becons/3.htm
  • http://web.archive.org/web/20071118200517/http://www.geocities.com/azadaarehusain/Alithemiracle.html
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