Pupil referral unit
In the UK, a Pupil Referral Unit (PRU) (Pupil Re-integration Unit in some LEA
Local Education Authority
A local education authority is a local authority in England and Wales that has responsibility for education within its jurisdiction...

s) is a centre for children who are not able to attend a mainstream or special school
A school is an institution designed for the teaching of students under the direction of teachers. Most countries have systems of formal education, which is commonly compulsory. In these systems, students progress through a series of schools...

. Each local education authority has a duty to make arrangements for the provision of education
Education in its broadest, general sense is the means through which the aims and habits of a group of people lives on from one generation to the next. Generally, it occurs through any experience that has a formative effect on the way one thinks, feels, or acts...

 in or out of school for all children of compulsory school age. If children may not receive suitable education for any period for reasons such as illness or exclusion from school, these arrangements can be made through Pupil Referral Units - which are a mixture of public units and privately managed companies.

Very often such pupils are described as displaying EBD
Emotional and behavioral disorders
Emotional and behavioral disorders is a broad category which is used commonly in educational settings, to group a range of more specific perceived difficulties of children and adolescents...

 - Emotional and/or Behavioural Difficulties. More common causes can include the consequences of situations in the home; inclination to commit crimes; through to being bullies or (conversely) having been the targets of bullying.

There are currently over 421 PRUs in England. In 2002-03, 17,523 pupils attended Pupil Referral Units (PRUs) at some point. Although PRUs do not have to provide a full National Curriculum, they should offer a basic curriculum which includes English, mathematics, the sciences, PSHE
Personal, Social and Health Education
Personal, social, health and economic education has in various forms been part of the national curriculum for schools in England since 2000. Some aspects, but not all, have been compulsory...

 and ICT
Information technology
Information technology is the acquisition, processing, storage and dissemination of vocal, pictorial, textual and numerical information by a microelectronics-based combination of computing and telecommunications...

. A PRU is legally a type of school which can be inspected by Ofsted
The Office for Standards in Education, Children's Services and Skills is the non-ministerial government department of Her Majesty's Chief Inspector of Schools In England ....


A pupil referral has been legally referred to as a "short Stay School" from September 2010.

External links

  • http://webarchive.nationalarchives.gov.uk/20110104141445/http://www.dcsf.gov.uk/everychildmatters/
  • http://webarchive.nationalarchives.gov.uk/20090821210044/http://www.dcsf.gov.uk/exclusions/alternative_provision_policies/pupil_referral_units.cfm Department for Education and Skills (DfES)
  • http://www.prus.org.uk
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