Philippine Independent Church
Overview
The Philippine Independent Church, (officially the or the IFI, also known as the Philippine Independent Catholic Church or in Ilocano: Siwawayawaya nga Simbaan ti Filipinas (in in Kinaray-a/Hiligaynon: Simbahan Hilway nga Pilipinhon, is a Christian
Christian
A Christian is a person who adheres to Christianity, an Abrahamic, monotheistic religion based on the life and teachings of Jesus of Nazareth as recorded in the Canonical gospels and the letters of the New Testament...

 denomination of the Catholic
Catholic
The word catholic comes from the Greek phrase , meaning "on the whole," "according to the whole" or "in general", and is a combination of the Greek words meaning "about" and meaning "whole"...

 tradition in the form of a national church
National church
National church is a concept of a Christian church associated with a specific ethnic group or nation state. The idea was notably discussed during the 19th century, during the emergence of modern nationalism....

. Its separation from the Roman Catholic Church
Roman Catholic Church
The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the world's largest Christian church, with over a billion members. Led by the Pope, it defines its mission as spreading the gospel of Jesus Christ, administering the sacraments and exercising charity...

 was proclaimed by the members of the first federation of labor unions in the country, the Union Obrera Democratica (UOD)
Union Obrera Democratica Filipina
Union Obrera Democratica was a trade union centre in the Philippines. The organization was the first modern trade union federation in the country, earlier labour groups had been more of mutual aid societies and guilds. The organization had thirty-three affiliated trade unions as of 1902...

in 1902.
Encyclopedia
The Philippine Independent Church, (officially the or the IFI, also known as the Philippine Independent Catholic Church or in Ilocano: Siwawayawaya nga Simbaan ti Filipinas (in in Kinaray-a/Hiligaynon: Simbahan Hilway nga Pilipinhon, is a Christian
Christian
A Christian is a person who adheres to Christianity, an Abrahamic, monotheistic religion based on the life and teachings of Jesus of Nazareth as recorded in the Canonical gospels and the letters of the New Testament...

 denomination of the Catholic
Catholic
The word catholic comes from the Greek phrase , meaning "on the whole," "according to the whole" or "in general", and is a combination of the Greek words meaning "about" and meaning "whole"...

 tradition in the form of a national church
National church
National church is a concept of a Christian church associated with a specific ethnic group or nation state. The idea was notably discussed during the 19th century, during the emergence of modern nationalism....

. Its separation from the Roman Catholic Church
Roman Catholic Church
The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the world's largest Christian church, with over a billion members. Led by the Pope, it defines its mission as spreading the gospel of Jesus Christ, administering the sacraments and exercising charity...

 was proclaimed by the members of the first federation of labor unions in the country, the Union Obrera Democratica (UOD)
Union Obrera Democratica Filipina
Union Obrera Democratica was a trade union centre in the Philippines. The organization was the first modern trade union federation in the country, earlier labour groups had been more of mutual aid societies and guilds. The organization had thirty-three affiliated trade unions as of 1902...

in 1902. Isabelo de los Reyes
Isabelo de los Reyes
Isabelo Florentino De Los Reyes, Sr., also known as Don Belong , was a prominent Filipino politician, writer and labor activist in the 19th and 20th centuries. He was the founder of the Aglipayan Church, an independent Philippine national church...

 was one of the initiators of the separation of the church and suggested that Gregorio Aglipay
Gregorio Aglipay
Gregorio Labayan Aglipay was the first Filipino Supreme Bishop of the Philippine Independent Church.-Early life:...

 be the head of the church. It is also known as the Aglipayan Church, after its first Obispo Maximo
Obispo Maximo
The Obíspo Máximo is the leader or primate of the Iglésia Filipína Independiénte , known informally as Aglipayans. The Supreme Bishop is selected by the General Assembly of the Church and he heads the Executive Commission, assisted by bishops...

, Gregorio Aglipay.

The Roman Catholic Church
Roman Catholic Church
The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the world's largest Christian church, with over a billion members. Led by the Pope, it defines its mission as spreading the gospel of Jesus Christ, administering the sacraments and exercising charity...

 acted severely against the members of the Independent Church in 1902 for their actions in setting up an independent church. The Pope
Pope
The Pope is the Bishop of Rome, a position that makes him the leader of the worldwide Catholic Church . In the Catholic Church, the Pope is regarded as the successor of Saint Peter, the Apostle...

 instructed the Archbishop of Manila to excommunicate those who initiated the separation.

Since 1960 the church has been in full communion with the Episcopal Church in the United States of America (and through it with the entire Anglican Communion
Anglican Communion
The Anglican Communion is an international association of national and regional Anglican churches in full communion with the Church of England and specifically with its principal primate, the Archbishop of Canterbury...

). Since 1965, it has been in full communion with the Old Catholic Union of Utrecht
Utrecht Union
The Union of Utrecht is a federation of Old Catholic Churches, not in communion with Rome, that seceded from the Roman Catholic Church over the issue of Papal infallibility. The Declaration of Utrecht solidified this movement in 1889...

 Association of Churches.

Today the Philippine Independent Church, or Aglipayan Church, is the second largest Christian denomination in the Philippines
Philippines
The Philippines , officially known as the Republic of the Philippines , is a country in Southeast Asia in the western Pacific Ocean. To its north across the Luzon Strait lies Taiwan. West across the South China Sea sits Vietnam...

, after the Roman Catholic Church
Roman Catholic Church
The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the world's largest Christian church, with over a billion members. Led by the Pope, it defines its mission as spreading the gospel of Jesus Christ, administering the sacraments and exercising charity...

. Most of the members of the church are from the northern part of the island of Luzon, especially in the Ilocos Region
Ilocos Region
The Ilocos region or Region I is a Region of the Philippines and is located in the northwest of Luzon. It borders to the east the regions of the Cordillera Administrative Region and Cagayan Valley and to the south the region of Central Luzon...

, home of the first supreme bishop. The church has 44 dioceses, including the Diocese of the United States
United States
The United States of America is a federal constitutional republic comprising fifty states and a federal district...

 and Canada
Canada
Canada is a North American country consisting of ten provinces and three territories. Located in the northern part of the continent, it extends from the Atlantic Ocean in the east to the Pacific Ocean in the west, and northward into the Arctic Ocean...

. However, due to a lack of priests, many parishes in the USA must depend on lay leaders.

The current Obispo Maximo
Obispo Maximo
The Obíspo Máximo is the leader or primate of the Iglésia Filipína Independiénte , known informally as Aglipayans. The Supreme Bishop is selected by the General Assembly of the Church and he heads the Executive Commission, assisted by bishops...

is the Most Reverend Ephraim S. Fajutagana (12th Obispo Maximo), who has his central office in the capital of the country, Manila, at the National Cathedral of the Holy Child in Taft Avenue
Taft Avenue
Taft Avenue is a major street in Metro Manila. It crosses through two major cities of the metro: Manila and Pasay City.-Direction:Taft Avenue starts from Quirino Avenue in Pasay City, then transversing northeast to EDSA, then north to Antonio Arnaiz Avenue , Gil Puyat Avenue , Pedro Gil , and the...

, Ermita
Ermita
Ermita may refer to the following:*Ermita, Manila, a place in the Philippines.*Ermita: A Filipino Novel, a novel by F. Sionil José.*Ermita "Ermi" Rojo, the protagonist in F. Sionil José's novel Ermita: A Filipino Novel....

, Manila
Manila
Manila is the capital of the Philippines. It is one of the sixteen cities forming Metro Manila.Manila is located on the eastern shores of Manila Bay and is bordered by Navotas and Caloocan to the north, Quezon City to the northeast, San Juan and Mandaluyong to the east, Makati on the southeast,...

. His line of episcopal succession goes back from the first Obispo Maximo, Gregorio Aglipay.

The Philippine Independent Church is considered one of the products of the islands' 1898 Revolution by which they won independence from Spain.

Gregorio Aglipay

Gregorio Aglipay
Gregorio Aglipay
Gregorio Labayan Aglipay was the first Filipino Supreme Bishop of the Philippine Independent Church.-Early life:...

was an activist Catholic priest
Priest
A priest is a person authorized to perform the sacred rites of a religion, especially as a mediatory agent between humans and deities. They also have the authority or power to administer religious rites; in particular, rites of sacrifice to, and propitiation of, a deity or deities...

 from Ilocos Norte
Ilocos Norte
Ilocos Norte is a province of the Philippines located in the Ilocos Region in Luzon. Its capital is Laoag City and is located at the northwest corner of Luzon Island, bordering Cagayan and Apayao to the east, and Abra and Ilocos Sur to the south...

 who was excommunicated by the Vatican
Holy See
The Holy See is the episcopal jurisdiction of the Catholic Church in Rome, in which its Bishop is commonly known as the Pope. It is the preeminent episcopal see of the Catholic Church, forming the central government of the Church. As such, diplomatically, and in other spheres the Holy See acts and...

 for inciting rebellion within the Filipino clergy, despite his having defended some Spanish Catholic clergy from liberal-nationalist Filipino revolutionaries. During the brief interlude between independence from the Spanish and occupation by the United States
United States
The United States of America is a federal constitutional republic comprising fifty states and a federal district...

, Isabelo de los Reyes
Isabelo de los Reyes
Isabelo Florentino De Los Reyes, Sr., also known as Don Belong , was a prominent Filipino politician, writer and labor activist in the 19th and 20th centuries. He was the founder of the Aglipayan Church, an independent Philippine national church...

 (also known as Don Belong) and Aglipay acted to reform the Filipino Catholic clergy. They founded the Philippine Independent Church in 1902. The new church rejected the spiritual authority of the Pope
Pope
The Pope is the Bishop of Rome, a position that makes him the leader of the worldwide Catholic Church . In the Catholic Church, the Pope is regarded as the successor of Saint Peter, the Apostle...

 (then Pope Leo XIII
Pope Leo XIII
Pope Leo XIII , born Vincenzo Gioacchino Raffaele Luigi Pecci to an Italian comital family, was the 256th Pope of the Roman Catholic Church, reigning from 1878 to 1903...

) and abolished the celibacy
Celibacy
Celibacy is a personal commitment to avoiding sexual relations, in particular a vow from marriage. Typically celibacy involves avoiding all romantic relationships of any kind. An individual may choose celibacy for religious reasons, such as is the case for priests in some religions, for reasons of...

 requirement for its clergy; it allowed priests to marry, and all of its clergy were former Catholic priests.

The church drew upon the Masonic Code for concepts of theology and worship. It was supported by Miguel Morayta
Miguel Morayta
Miguel Morayta is a Spanish film director and screenwriter. He directed 74 films between 1944 and 1978. At the outbreak of the Spanish Civil War, Moryata was a Spanish artillery officer who joined the Republican side...

, the grand master of the Spanish Orient Lodge of Freemasonry
Freemasonry
Freemasonry is a fraternal organisation that arose from obscure origins in the late 16th to early 17th century. Freemasonry now exists in various forms all over the world, with a membership estimated at around six million, including approximately 150,000 under the jurisdictions of the Grand Lodge...

 in Madrid. Aglipay was also a Mason. The historian John N. Schumacher contends that Morayta and other non-Filipino laymen who pushed Aglipay toward schism
Schism (religion)
A schism , from Greek σχίσμα, skhísma , is a division between people, usually belonging to an organization or movement religious denomination. The word is most frequently applied to a break of communion between two sections of Christianity that were previously a single body, or to a division within...

 from the Catholic Church were motivated more by resentment of friars' activities in the Philippines than nationalism.

Later the new Independent Church reformed the traditional Catholic Latin Tridentine liturgy
Tridentine Mass
The Tridentine Mass is the form of the Roman Rite Mass contained in the typical editions of the Roman Missal that were published from 1570 to 1962. It was the most widely celebrated Mass liturgy in the world until the introduction of the Mass of Paul VI in December 1969...

, adopting the model of Anglican vernacular reform
Book of Common Prayer
The Book of Common Prayer is the short title of a number of related prayer books used in the Anglican Communion, as well as by the Continuing Anglican, "Anglican realignment" and other Anglican churches. The original book, published in 1549 , in the reign of Edward VI, was a product of the English...

. The Eucharist has been said in Spanish
Spanish language
Spanish , also known as Castilian , is a Romance language in the Ibero-Romance group that evolved from several languages and dialects in central-northern Iberia around the 9th century and gradually spread with the expansion of the Kingdom of Castile into central and southern Iberia during the...

 (and sometimes Portuguese) since the early days of the church.

Visiting other churches while traveling abroad, Aglipay developed his theology, coming to reject the divinity of Jesus and the concept of the Trinity
Trinity
The Christian doctrine of the Trinity defines God as three divine persons : the Father, the Son , and the Holy Spirit. The three persons are distinct yet coexist in unity, and are co-equal, co-eternal and consubstantial . Put another way, the three persons of the Trinity are of one being...

; he became theologically Unitarian
Unitarianism
Unitarianism is a Christian theological movement, named for its understanding of God as one person, in direct contrast to Trinitarianism which defines God as three persons coexisting consubstantially as one in being....

. Other church officials refused to accept his revised theology. Aglipay's unitarian and progressive theological ideas were evident in his novenary, Pagsisiyam sa Birhen sa Balintawak, 1925 and its English translation, Novenary of the Motherland (1926).

Colonial church

Although many Spanish friars protested abuses by the Spanish government and military, other friars committed abuses. Some Spanish friar
Friar
A friar is a member of one of the mendicant orders.-Friars and monks:...

s blocked the ascent of the Filipino clergy in the Catholic Church hierarchy. Friars claimed estates of vast lands from landless farmers. Cases of sexual abuse of women by priests were widely known, and some priests were known to have illegitimate children. Anak ni Padre Dámaso (child of Father Dámaso), alluding to a character in one of José Rizal
José Rizal
José Protacio Rizal Mercado y Alonso Realonda , was a Filipino polymath, patriot and the most prominent advocate for reform in the Philippines during the Spanish colonial era. He is regarded as the foremost Filipino patriot and is listed as one of the national heroes of the Philippines by...

's novels, became a cliché or stereotype to refer to an illegitimate child, especially that of a priest. The deaths of Fr. José Burgos
José Burgos
José Apolonio Burgos y García was a Filipino mestizo secular priest, accused of mutiny by the Spanish colonial authorities in the Philippines in the 19th century...

, Fr. Zamora, and Fr. Gomez at the hands of Spanish royalist authorities is said to have indirectly ignited the Philippine revolution and had a profound effect on Dr. José Rizal
José Rizal
José Protacio Rizal Mercado y Alonso Realonda , was a Filipino polymath, patriot and the most prominent advocate for reform in the Philippines during the Spanish colonial era. He is regarded as the foremost Filipino patriot and is listed as one of the national heroes of the Philippines by...

.

Philippine Revolution

At the end of the 19th century, Filipino
Philippines
The Philippines , officially known as the Republic of the Philippines , is a country in Southeast Asia in the western Pacific Ocean. To its north across the Luzon Strait lies Taiwan. West across the South China Sea sits Vietnam...

 nationalism
Nationalism
Nationalism is a political ideology that involves a strong identification of a group of individuals with a political entity defined in national terms, i.e. a nation. In the 'modernist' image of the nation, it is nationalism that creates national identity. There are various definitions for what...

 emerged, preceding the struggles of other colonized countries in Asia
Asia
Asia is the world's largest and most populous continent, located primarily in the eastern and northern hemispheres. It covers 8.7% of the Earth's total surface area and with approximately 3.879 billion people, it hosts 60% of the world's current human population...

, such as India
India
India , officially the Republic of India , is a country in South Asia. It is the seventh-largest country by geographical area, the second-most populous country with over 1.2 billion people, and the most populous democracy in the world...

 and French Indochina
French Indochina
French Indochina was part of the French colonial empire in southeast Asia. A federation of the three Vietnamese regions, Tonkin , Annam , and Cochinchina , as well as Cambodia, was formed in 1887....

, and the fight for independence gave way to revolution. Spain's last remaining colonies in the Americas
Spanish colonization of the Americas
Colonial expansion under the Spanish Empire was initiated by the Spanish conquistadores and developed by the Monarchy of Spain through its administrators and missionaries. The motivations for colonial expansion were trade and the spread of the Christian faith through indigenous conversions...

, Cuba
Cuba
The Republic of Cuba is an island nation in the Caribbean. The nation of Cuba consists of the main island of Cuba, the Isla de la Juventud, and several archipelagos. Havana is the largest city in Cuba and the country's capital. Santiago de Cuba is the second largest city...

 and Puerto Rico
Puerto Rico
Puerto Rico , officially the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico , is an unincorporated territory of the United States, located in the northeastern Caribbean, east of the Dominican Republic and west of both the United States Virgin Islands and the British Virgin Islands.Puerto Rico comprises an...

, were in the process of breaking away at the same time. After the execution of prominent ethnic Filipino clergy such as Fr. José Burgos
José Burgos
José Apolonio Burgos y García was a Filipino mestizo secular priest, accused of mutiny by the Spanish colonial authorities in the Philippines in the 19th century...

 at the hands of the Spanish royal authorities, church reforms became a facet of the Philippine independence movement.

Factionalism

Winning large numbers of adherents in its early years because of its nationalist roots, Aglipayan numbers decreased due to factionalism and doctrinal disagreements. Some factions, tending towards more radical cryptoprotestant reforms, formally joined other denominations including the Episcopal Church
Episcopal Church in the Philippines
The Episcopal Church in the Philippines is a province of the Anglican Communion first established by the Episcopal Church. It was founded in 1901 by American missionaries led by Charles Henry Brent, who served as the first resident bishop. It became an autonomous province of the Anglican Communion...

 and the American Unitarians
Unitarianism
Unitarianism is a Christian theological movement, named for its understanding of God as one person, in direct contrast to Trinitarianism which defines God as three persons coexisting consubstantially as one in being....

. The definitive growth limiting factor was the decision of the American government, after the Spanish-American War, to award the seized Catholic church buildings of the nascent Philippine Independent Church — the majority of which had become Aglipayan during the revolutionary period — to the Roman Catholic Church.

Current state

Today, the Philippine Independent Church is affiliated with the Old Catholics and the Anglican Communion
Anglican Communion
The Anglican Communion is an international association of national and regional Anglican churches in full communion with the Church of England and specifically with its principal primate, the Archbishop of Canterbury...

. Aglipayans number around 7 million members . They constitute about 5% of the total population of the Philippines, while 82% of the population are members of the Catholic Church.
Iglesia Filipina Independiente (Philippine Independent Church), an independent church, has Concordat
Concordat
A concordat is an agreement between the Holy See of the Catholic Church and a sovereign state on religious matters. Legally, they are international treaties. They often includes both recognition and privileges for the Catholic Church in a particular country...

 relationships with the Anglican provinces and the Old Catholic Church. Its members are currently spread throughout the Philippines, the United States, Canada, Europe and Asia. The spiritual head is called Obispo Maximo
Obispo Maximo
The Obíspo Máximo is the leader or primate of the Iglésia Filipína Independiénte , known informally as Aglipayans. The Supreme Bishop is selected by the General Assembly of the Church and he heads the Executive Commission, assisted by bishops...

 (Supreme Bishop). His Eminence Ephraim S. Fajutagana is the incumbent and the 12th Obispo Maximo.

Most of the members of the church, like the founders Aglipay and De Los Reyes, are activists, often involved in progressive groups as they advocate for nationalism, anti-imperialism, democracy, as well as opposing extrajudicial killings. They have been victims of forced disappearances and been branded as leftist by the government for being aligned with progressive groups, specifically after Obispo Maximo IX Alberto Ramento was killed for being an anti-government critic.

In 2002 Aglipayan bishops registered their objection to the presence of U.S. Special Forces troops in the Philippines.'

Declaration of Faith

INTRODUCTION
The Declaration of Faith is the public confession of the faith that is professed by the Iglesia Filipina Independiente. It declares belief in the Triune God and the Catholic and Apostolic character of the Church. The Declaration of Faith, with the Articles of Religion, was established by the Church in the 1947 General Assembly.

DECLARATION OF FAITH

The Holy Trinity
One God, true and living, of infinite power, wisdom and goodness; the Maker and Preserver of all things visible and invisible. And that in the unity of this Godhead there be three Persons, of one substance, power and eternity: the Father who is made of none, neither created nor begotten; the Son who is of the Father alone, not made nor created, but begotten, the Holy Ghost who is of the Father and the Son, neither made, nor created, nor begotten, but proceeding.

Jesus Christ, the only-begotten Son of God
Jesus Christ, the only-begotten Son of God, the second Person of the Trinity, very and eternal God, of one substance with the Father, took man’s nature in the womb of the Blessed Virgin, after she had conceived by the Holy Ghost. He suffered under Pontius Pilate, was crucified, died and was buried. He descended into hell. The third day he rose again from the dead, He ascended into Heaven, and sitteth at the right hand of God the Father Almighty; from thence He shall come to judge both the living and the dead.

The Holy Spirit
The Holy Spirit, the Lord and Giver of life, Who proceedeth from the Father and the Son: Who with the Father and the Son together we worship and glorify.

One Catholic and Apostolic Church
The Church, Holy, Catholic and Apostolic, which is the Body of Christ, founded by Christ for the redemption and sanctification of mankind, and to which Church He gave power and authority to preach His Gospel to the whole world under the guidance of His Holy Spirit.

Articles of Religion

INTRODUCTION
The Articles of Religion are doctrinal statements that define the standards of doctrine of the Iglesia Filipina Independiente. It contains the basic summary of the doctrinal teachings subscribed to by the clergy and laity of the Church.

ARTICLES OF RELIGION
WE HOLD TO THE FOLLOWING ARTICLES OF RELIGION TAUGHT BY THIS CHURCH:

Salvation:
Salvation is obtained only through a vital faith in Jesus Christ, the Son of God, as Lord and Saviour. This faith should manifest itself in good works.

Holy Scriptures:
The Holy Scriptures contain all things necessary to salvation, and nothing which cannot be proved thereby should be required to be believed.

The Creeds:
The Articles of the Christian Faith as contained in the ancient Creeds known as the Apostles’ and Nicene Creeds are to be taught by this Church and accepted by the faithful.

The Sacraments:
The Sacraments are outward and visible signs of our faith and a means whereby God manifests His goodwill towards us and confers grace upon us.

Two Sacraments, Baptism and Holy Communion, commonly called the Mass, ordained by Christ Himself, are held to be generally necessary to salvation.

Baptism is necessary for salvation. It signifies and confers grace, cleansing from original sin as well as actual sin previously committed; makes us children of God and heirs of everlasting life. It effects our entrance into the Church of God. It is administered with water in the Name of the Father, the Son, and the Holy Ghost.

Confirmation, whereby, through the imposition of the Bishop’s hands, anointing and prayer, baptized Christians are strengthened by the gifts of the Holy Spirit and confirmed in the Faith.

Penance, the confession of sins as commanded by Jesus Christ.

The Holy Eucharist, the sacrament of the Body and Blood of Christ, taken and received by the faithful for the strengthening and refreshing of their bodies and souls.

Holy Unction, whereby the sick, especially one in danger of death, is anointed with oil with prayer. He receives, if necessary, remission of sins, the strengthening of his soul, and, if it be God’s will, restoration to health.

Holy orders, a Sacrament by which Bishops, Priests and Deacons are ordained and receive power and authority to perform their sacred duties.

Holy Matrimony, a sacrament in which a man and a woman are joined together in the holy estate of matrimony.

The Holy Eucharist:
The Holy Eucharist, commonly called the Mass, is the central act of Christian worship. It is the sacrament of our redemption by Christ’s death. Those who partake of it receive the Body and Blood of Christ. All who purpose to make their communion should diligently try and examine themselves before they presume to eat of that Bread and drink of that Cup. For as the benefit is great, if with a true penitent heart and lively faith a man receive that Holy Sacrament, so is the danger great if he receive the same unworthily.

The Mass is to be said in the official language of the Church in such a way it can be heard by the worshipers.

The authorized Order for the celebration of the Mass is that set forth in the Prayer Book adopted by this Church.

Sacred Ministry:
From Apostolic times there have been three Orders of Ministers in the Church of God: Bishops, Priests and Deacons. These orders are to be reverently esteemed and continued in this Church. And no man is to be accepted as a lawful Bishop, Priest, or Deacon in this Church, or permitted to execute any functions pertaining to these Orders, except he be called, tried, examined, and admitted thereunto according to the Canons of this Church, and in accordance with the Order prescribed by this Church for making, Ordaining and Consecrating Bishops, Priests and Deacons, or hath had Episcopal Consecration or Ordination.

Celibacy of the Clergy:
Bishops, Priests, and Deacons are not commanded by God’s law to marry to abstain from marriage, therefore they are permitted to marry at their own discretion, as they shall judge the same to serve better to godliness.

Church Building:
Churches for the worship of God are to be erected and separated from all unhallowed, worldly, and common uses, that men may reverence the Majesty of God and show forth greater devotion and humility in His service.

The Altar:
The altar is the most sacred part of the Church because there Jesus is sacramentally present. It symbolizes Mt. Calvary, and, therefore, if images of Saints are used for adornment, care is to be exercised that such ornaments may not distract the minds of the worshipers from the Person of Jesus Christ.

Worship, Rites and Ceremonies:
Only such Orders of Service as have been authorized by this Church shall be used in Public Worship; provided, however, that the Diocesan Bishop or Supreme Council of Bishops may authorize Orders of Service for special occasions.

Language of Public Service:
All public services shall be conducted in the official language of the Church, or in any other language the Supreme Council of Bishops may prescribe.

Purity of Life:
Holiness, altruism, obedience to God’s Commandments and a zeal for His honor and glory are incumbent upon Clergy and Laity alike, therefore all should be trained in a clean and disciplined life, not neglecting prayer, study, and the exercise of moral discipline.

Knowledge:
All truth is of God, therefore the Church should promote sound knowledge and good learning. No books except those detrimental to good morals are to be prohibited.

The Blessed Virgin:
The Virgin Mary was chosen by God to be the Mother of Jesus Christ. As Jesus Christ is truly God and Mary is the Mother of Jesus Christ, she is the Mother of God in His human generation. She whom God honored is to be honored above all.

The Saints:
Persons universally recognized for their holiness of life, loyalty and courage, especially the Blessed Virgin and the New Testament Saints, are to be held in reverent remembrance. Veneration of Saints is not contrary to God’s commandments as revealed in the Scriptures; but their deification is condemned by the Church as a monstrous blasphemy. Veneration of the Saints must not obscure the duty of the faithful to direct approach to God through Jesus Christ. Honor rendered the Saints must in no wise detract from the honor due the Three Persons of the Holy Trinity.

Miracles:
Holy Scriptures teach us that events take place in the natural world, but out of its established order, which are possible only through the intervention of divine power, like the Incarnation of Jesus Christ. So-called miracles, based not on well-authenticated facts but on merely fantastic rumors, are repudiated. Belief in unsubstantiated miracles leads to pagan fanaticism and is to be condemned as destructive to the true faith.

Attitude Towards The Roman Catholic Church:
When this Church withdrew from the Roman Catholic Church, it repudiated the authority of the Pope and such doctrines, customs and practices as were inconsistent with the Word of God, sound learning and a good conscience. It had no intention of departing from Catholic doctrine, practice and discipline as set forth by the Councils of the undivided Church. Such departures as occurred were due to the exigencies of the times, and are to be corrected by official action as opportunity affords, so that this Church may be brought into the stream of historic Christianity and be universally acknowledge as a true branch of the Catholic Church.

Attitude Towards Other Churches:
Opportunity is to be sought for closer cooperation with other branches of the Catholic Church, and cordial relations maintained with all who acknowledge Jesus Christ as Lord and Saviour.

Church and State:
This Church is politically independent of the State, and the State of the Church. The Church does not ally itself with any particular school of political thought or with any political party. Its members are politically free and are urged to be exemplary citizens and to use their influence for the prosperity and welfare of the State.

Doctrine and Constitutional Rules of the Church and the Fundamental Epistles:
The Doctrine and Constitutional Rules of the Philippine Independent Church, adopted on October 28, 1903, and subsequently amended, and the Fundamental Epistles of the Philippine Independent Church, are henceforth not to be held as binding either upon the Clergy or Laity of this Church in matters of Doctrine, Discipline or Order, wherein they differ in substance from the Declaration of Faith or the Articles of Religion contained herein. They are to be valued as historical documents promulgated by the Founders of this Church when they were seeking to interpret the Catholic Faith in a manner understood by the people. Under the inspiration of the Holy Spirit the Church has sought to eradicate such errors of judgment and doctrine as crept into its life and official documents in times past.

Additions, Amendments, Repeal:
The Declaration of Faith shall not be altered, amended or repealed. However, the Articles of Religion may be amended, repealed or added to by an absolute majority of the delegates to the General Assembly having the right to vote. Such action before it becomes binding upon the Church must be ratified by the Supreme Council of Bishops and approved by the Supreme Bishop.

Notable Aglipayans/Filipinistas

  • Most Rev. Gregorio Aglipay y Labayan, Obispo Maximo I
    Gregorio Aglipay
    Gregorio Labayan Aglipay was the first Filipino Supreme Bishop of the Philippine Independent Church.-Early life:...

     - first Obispo Maximo (Supreme Bishop)
  • Don Isabelo "Don Belong" de los Reyes
    Isabelo de los Reyes
    Isabelo Florentino De Los Reyes, Sr., also known as Don Belong , was a prominent Filipino politician, writer and labor activist in the 19th and 20th centuries. He was the founder of the Aglipayan Church, an independent Philippine national church...

     - co-founder of the Iglesia Filipina Independiente; translator of the first Filipino
    Filipino language
    This move has drawn much criticism from other regional groups.In 1987, a new constitution introduced many provisions for the language.Article XIV, Section 6, omits any mention of Tagalog as the basis for Filipino, and states that:...

     Bible
    Bible
    The Bible refers to any one of the collections of the primary religious texts of Judaism and Christianity. There is no common version of the Bible, as the individual books , their contents and their order vary among denominations...

    .
  • Apolinario Mabini
    Apolinario Mabini
    Apolinario Mabini y Maranan was a Filipino political philosopher and revolutionary who wrote a constitutional plan for the of 1899-1901, and served as its first prime minister in 1899...

     - first Prime Minister of the Philippines
    Prime Minister of the Philippines
    The Prime Minister of the Philippines was the official designation of the head of the government of the Philippines from 1978 until People Power Revolution in 1986...

  • Mariano Marcos
    Mariano Marcos
    Mariano Marcos y Rubio was a lawyer and a politician from Ilocos Norte, Philippines. A Congressman from 1925 to 1931, He is best known for being the father of former president Ferdinand Marcos....

     - best known for the father of former president Ferdinand Marcos
    Ferdinand Marcos
    Ferdinand Emmanuel Edralin Marcos, Sr. was a Filipino leader and an authoritarian President of the Philippines from 1965 to 1986. He was a lawyer, member of the Philippine House of Representatives and a member of the Philippine Senate...

    .
  • Felipe Buencamino Sr. - co-writer of the Constitution of the Philippine Republic at Malolos
    Malolos Constitution
    The Malolos Constitution was enacted on January 20, 1899 by the Philippine Malolos Congress, and established the First Philippine Republic. The original was written in Spanish, which became the first official language of the Philippines....

    , filipino composer; one of the founders of the church.
  • Most Rev. Santiago Antonio Fonacier y Suguitan, Obispo Maximo II - second Obispo Maximo of the Aglipayan Church, a writer known for translating Noli Me Tangere
    Noli Me Tangere (novel)
    Noli Me Tangere is a novel by Filipino polymath José Rizal and first published in 1887 in Berlin, Germany. Early English translations used titles like An Eagle Flight and The Social Cancer, but more recent translations have been published using the original Latin title.Though originally written in...

     and El Filibusterismo
    El filibusterismo
    El filibusterismo , also known by its English alternate title The Reign of Greed, is the second novel written by Philippine national hero José Rizal. It is the sequel to Noli Me Tangere and like the first book, was written in Spanish. It was first published in 1891 in Ghent, Belgium...

     in Ilocano
    Ilokano language
    Ilokano or Ilocano is the third most-spoken language of the Republic of the Philippines....

    .
  • Most Rev. Soliman Ganno y Flores, Obispo Maximo VII successfully solicited funds to build The IFI Cathedral of The Holy Child and became its first Dean. He was installed IFI Supreme Bishop thereat in 1987, but his term was unexpectedly cut short when he had a heart failure one early morning at the altar of the Cathedral in 1989.
  • Most Rev. Alberto Ramento y Baldovino, Obispo Maximo IX
    Alberto Ramento
    Alberto Ramento, Obispo Maximo IX is a former Supreme Bishop and Chairperson of the Supreme Council of Bishops of the Iglesia Filipina Independiente ....

     - former Obispo Maximo who was killed for being an anti-government critic in 2007; an active campaigner against Human Rights Violation in the Philippines.
  • Atty. José Garvida Flores - a prolific and patriotic Ilocano/Ilokano writer and playwright from Bangui, Ilocos Norte who composed "Filipinas Nadayag a Filipinas" which is sung during ceremonies of Iglesia Filipina Independiente.
  • Rep. Crispin S. Beltran
    Crispin Beltran
    Crispin 'Ka Bel' Beltran was a Filipino politician and a labor leader. A staunch critic of President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, his imprisonment in 2006 and 2007 on disputed charges of rebellion and sedition drew international attention...

     - Philippine party-list representative, civil rights activist; died when he fell from the roof of his house.
  • Bayani Fernando
    Bayani Fernando
    Bayani Flores Fernando is the former Chairman of the Metropolitan Manila Development Authority .He has announced his intention to run for President of the Philippines in the 2010 election. However, after talks with Richard Gordon, he agreed to slide as Vice President for Gordon's newly-established...

     - former chairman of the Metro Manila Development Authority.
  • Calixto Zaldivar
    Calixto Zaldivar
    Calixto O. Zaldivar. . Was Born in Pandan, Antique, Philippines. He graduated his law at the University of the Philippines and a third placer in the Bar Exam. He uniquely held positions in all branches of the government...

    - former representative, Lone District of Antique (1934–1935); former governor of Antique (1951–1955); former Associate Justice of the Supreme Court (1964–1974). former President of the National Lay Organization of the Iglesia Filipina Independiente.
  • Enrique A. Zaldivar - son of Justice Calixto Zaldivar. former Governor of Antique; former Ambassador to Brunei.
  • Salvacion Z. Perez
    Salvacion Z. Perez
    Salvacion Zaldivar-Perez, popularly known as "Inday Sally" Perez is the Governor of the Philippine province of Antique. She has been governor since 2001. Prior to being elected governor she was Undersecretary of the Presidency for Liaison with the Senate. Governor Sally Perez is a BS Foreign...

     - former Governor of Antique, daughter of Justice Calixto Zaldivar.
  • President Ferdinand E. Marcos
    Ferdinand Marcos
    Ferdinand Emmanuel Edralin Marcos, Sr. was a Filipino leader and an authoritarian President of the Philippines from 1965 to 1986. He was a lawyer, member of the Philippine House of Representatives and a member of the Philippine Senate...

     - a former Aglipayan who was born in the church, but converted to Roman Catholicism
    Roman Catholic Church
    The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the world's largest Christian church, with over a billion members. Led by the Pope, it defines its mission as spreading the gospel of Jesus Christ, administering the sacraments and exercising charity...

    .
  • Emmeline Yan Aglipay - representative, DIWA party-list
  • Eduardo Firmalo - current Governor of Romblon
  • Marian Rivera
    Marian Rivera
    Marian Rivera is a Filipina actress and occasional singer-dancer. Her first TV role came in 2005 via TAPE Inc.'s afternoon drama, Kung Mamahalin Mo Lang Ako in the lead that was aired in GMA Network. In 2007 she was cast for the title role in the Philippine remake of MariMar...

     - female actress at GMA 7.

List of Obispos Maximos from 1902 to Present

  1. The Most Rev. Fr. Gregorio Aglipay y Labayan- First Obispo Maximo from 1902–1940
  2. The Most Rev. Fr. Santiago Antonio Fonacier y Suguitan- from 1940–1946
  3. The Most Rev. Fr. Gerardo Bayaca y Medina- 1946
  4. The Most Rev. Fr. Isabelo de los Reyes, Jr.y Lopez- from 1946–1971
  5. The Most Rev. Fr. Macario Ga y Vilches- from 1971–1981
  6. The Most Rev. Fr. Abdias dela Cruz y Rebantad- from 1981–1987
  7. The Most Rev. Fr. Soliman Ganno y Flores- from 1987–1989
  8. The Most Rev. Fr. Tito Pasco y Esquillo- from 1989–1993
  9. The Most Rev. Fr. Alberto Ramento y Baldovino- from 1993–1999
  10. The Most Rev. Fr. Tomas Millamena y Amabran- from 1999–2005
  11. The Most Rev. Fr. Godofredo David y Juico- from 2005–2011
  12. The Most Rev. Fr. Ephraim Fajutagana y Servanez- 2011–present

Under the Obispo Maximo

  • Bataan
    Bataan
    Bataan is a province of the Philippines occupying the whole of the Bataan Peninsula on Luzon. The province is part of the Central Luzon region. The capital of Bataan is Balanga City and it is bordered by the provinces of Zambales and Pampanga to the north...

     and Bulacan
    Bulacan
    Bulacan , officially called the Province of Bulacan or simply Bulacan Province, is a first class province of the Republic of the Philippines located in the Central Luzon Region in the island of Luzon, north of Manila , and part of the Metro...

  • Eastern Pangasinan
    Pangasinan
    Pangasinan is a province of the Republic of the Philippines. The provincial capital is Lingayen. Pangasinan is located on the west central and peripheral area of the island of Luzon along the Lingayen Gulf, with the total land area being 5,368.82 square kilometers . According to the latest census,...

  • Nueva Vizcaya
    Nueva Vizcaya
    Nueva Vizcaya is a province of the Philippines located in the Cagayan Valley region in Luzon. Its capital is Bayombong. It is bordered by, clockwise from the north, Ifugao, Isabela, Quirino, Aurora, Nueva Ecija, Pangasinan, and Benguet.-History, people and culture:The name was derived from the...

     and Quirino
    Quirino
    Quirino is a province of the Philippines located in the Cagayan Valley region in Luzon. Its capital is Cabarroguis and was named after Elpidio Quirino, the sixth President of the Philippines. The province borders Aurora to the southeast, Nueva Vizcaya to the west, and Isabela to the north...

  • Palawan
    Palawan
    Palawan is an island province of the Philippines located in the MIMAROPA region or Region 4. Its capital is Puerto Princesa City, and it is the largest province in the country in terms of total area of jurisdiction. The islands of Palawan stretch from Mindoro in the northeast to Borneo in the...


North Central Luzon Conference (NCLC)

Chairperson: Rt. Rev. Ernesto M. Tamayo
  • Laoag
Rt. Rev. Emiliano Domingo
Cathedral of St. William the Hermit
Laoag City
Laoag City
The City of Laoag is a 1st class city in the province of Ilocos Norte, Philippines. It is the capital city of Ilocos Norte, and the province's political, commercial, and industrial hub. It is the location of the Ilocos region's only commercial airport...


  • Batac
    Batac
    Batac is a component city in the province of Ilocos Norte, Philippines. The town is located in the northwest corner of the island of Luzon, about 11.2 km from the eastern shores of the South China Sea...

Rt. Rev. Rosario S. Acoba
Aglipay National Shrine
Batac City, Ilocos Norte

  • La Union
    La Unión
    La Union or La Unión may refer to:-Colombia:*La Unión, Antioquia*La Unión, Nariño*La Unión, Sucre*La Unión, Valle del Cauca-Peru:*La Unión Province, Peru...

    , Ilocos Sur
    Ilocos Sur
    Ilocos Sur is a province of the Philippines located in the Ilocos Region in Luzon. Vigan City, located on the mouth of the Mestizo River is the provincial capital...

    , and Abra
    Abra
    - Places :* Abra, Burkina Faso* Abra, Côte d'Ivoire* Abra , a province of the Philippines* Abra River, in the Philippines* El Abra, an archaeological excavation site in Colombia* Abra, Lebanon, a municipality of Lebanon- Other uses :...

     (LUISA)
Rt. Rev. Vermilion C. Tagalog
Cathedral of St. Stephen the Proto-Martyr
San Esteban, Ilocos Sur
San Esteban, Ilocos Sur
San Esteban is a 5th class municipality in the province of Ilocos Sur, Philippines. According to the latest census, it has a population of 7,779 people in 1,482 households.-Barangays:San Esteban is politically subdivided into 10 barangays.*Ansad*Apatot...


  • Tarlac
    Tarlac
    Tarlac is a landlocked province of the Philippines located in the Luzon Island. Its capital is Tarlac City. Tarlac borders Pampanga to the south, Nueva Ecija to the east, Pangasinan to the north, and Zambales to the west...

Rt. Rev. Emmanuel Sampayan
Cathedral of St. Sebastian
Tarlac City
Tarlac City
The City of Tarlac is a 1st class city in the province of Tarlac, Philippines. Tarlac provincial capitol building is shown on the back of the Philippines 500 peso note that features former Senator Benigno Aquino Jr...


  • Tuguegarao
Rt. Rev. Ernesto M. Tamayo
Cathedral of St. Hyacinth
Tuguegarao City

  • Zambales
    Zambales
    Zambales is a province of the Philippines located in the Central Luzon region. Its capital is Iba. Zambales borders Pangasinan to the north, Tarlac and Pampanga to the east, and Bataan to the south. The province lies between the South China Sea and the Zambales Mountains. With a land area of...

Rt. Rev. Generoso A. Rosales
Cathedral of St. Roche
San Felipe, Zambales
San Felipe, Zambales
San Felipe is a 4th class municipality in the province of Zambales, Philippines. According to the 2007 Philippine census, it has a population of 21,322 people in 4,094 households.-Barangays:San Felipe is politically subdivided into 11 barangays....


  • Dagupan
    Dagupan
    The City of Dagupan is a 1st class city in the Philippines. It is an independent component city of the province of Pangasinan. According to the latest census, Dagupan City has a population of 149,554 people in 25,921 households. Located on Lingayen Gulf on the island of Luzon, Dagupan is the...

Rt. Rev. Hermogenes M. Ranche
Pro-Cathedral of St. Joseph
16 Avenida Rizal West, Lingayen, Pangasinan
Lingayen, Pangasinan
Lingayen is a 1st class municipality in the province of Pangasinan on the island of Luzon in the Philippines. It is the capital municipality and the seat of government of the province of Pangasinan. According to the latest census, it has a population of 95,773 people in 16,467 households.Lingayen...


  • Nueva Ecija
    Nueva Ecija
    Nueva Ecija is a landlocked province of the Philippines located in the Central Luzon region. Its capital is Palayan City...

Rt. Rev. Warlito Baldomero
Pro-Cathedral of St. Jerome
Baloc, Sto. Domingo, Nueva Ecija

  • Isabela
    Isabela
    -Places:* Isabela, Puerto Rico* Isabela Island of the Galápagos Islands* La Isabela in the Dominican Republic, first settlement of Columbus in the New World* Isabela , Philippines* Isabela City, Basilan, Philippines...

Rt. Rev. Joshua U. Cuarteros
Cathedral of St. James the Greater
Duvinan East, Santiago City

South Central Luzon Conference (SCLC)

Chairperson: Rt. Rev. Gregorio R. delos Reyes
  • Greater Manila
    Metro Manila
    Metropolitan Manila , the National Capital Region , or simply Metro Manila, is the metropolitan region encompassing the City of Manila and its surrounding areas in the Philippines...

Rt. Rev. Gregorio R. delos Reyes
Cathedral of the Sto. Nino
1175 Industria-Central Sts., Pandacan, Manila

  • Rizal
    Rizal
    Rizal is a province located in the CALABARZON , just 16 kilometers east of Manila. The province was named after the country's national hero, José Rizal. Rizal Governor Casimiro A. Ynares III on June 17, 2008 announced the transfer of the Capitol from Pasig. Its P 270-million capitol building,...

     and Pampanga
    Pampanga
    Pampanga is a province of the Philippines located in the Central Luzon region. Its capital is the City of San Fernando, Pampanga. Pampanga is bordered by the provinces of Bataan and Zambales to the west, Tarlac and Nueva Ecija to the north, and Bulacan to the southeast...

Most Rev. Godofredo J. David, D.D.
Cathedral of the Sto. Niño
241 Aglipay St., Poblacion, Mandaluyong City
Mandaluyong City
The City of Mandaluyong is one of the cities and municipalities that comprise Metro Manila in the Philippines. It is bordered on the west by the country's capital, Manila, to the north by San Juan City, to the east by Quezon City and Pasig City, and by Makati City to the south...


  • Laguna
Most Rev. Tomas A. Millamena, D.D.
Pro-Cathedral of Our Lady of Guadalupe
J.P. Rizal St., Pagsanjan, Laguna
Pagsanjan, Laguna
Pagsanjan is a 2nd class municipality in the province of Laguna, Philippines. According to the latest census, it has a population of 35,944 people in 7,274 households. It is situated about 92 kilometers south of Manila. The main tourist spot of Pagsanjan is the Pagsanjan Falls or...


  • Cavite
    Cavite
    Cavite is a province of the Philippines located on the southern shores of Manila Bay in the CALABARZON region in Luzon, just 30 kilometers south of Manila. Cavite is surrounded by Laguna to the east, Metro Manila to the northeast, and Batangas to the south...

Rt. Rev. Pedro C. Ojascastro
Cathedral of St. Michael the Archangel
H. Rubio St., Digman, Bacoor, Cavite
Bacoor, Cavite
The Municipality of Bacoor is a first class urban municipality in the province of Cavite, Philippines. It is a lone district congressional district of Cavite...


  • Marinduque
    Marinduque
    In 1945, combined American and Philippine Commonwealth troops attacked from the Japanese Troops liberated to the Battle of Marinduque in the Second World War.-Archaeology:...

    , Quezon
    Quezon
    -History:Originally, what now forms Quezon was divided among the provinces of Batangas, Laguna, and Nueva Ecija. The area was first explored by Juan de Salcedo in 1571-1572, during his expedition from Laguna to Camarines provinces....

    , Batangas
    Batangas
    Batangas is a first class province of the Philippines located on the southwestern part of Luzon in the CALABARZON region. Its capital is Batangas City and it is bordered by the provinces of Cavite and Laguna to the north and Quezon to the east. Across the Verde Island Passages to the south is the...

    , and Camarines (MaQueBaCa)
Rt. Rev. Ruel Arevalo
Parish of St. Joseph the Worker
Poblacion, Gasan, Marinduque
Gasan, Marinduque
Gasan is a 3rd class municipality in the province of Marinduque, Philippines. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 33,772 people. The municipality is bounded by the provincial capital, Boac, to the north and east, by Buenavista to the southeast and by the Tablas Strait to the south...


  • Romblon
    Romblon
    Romblon is an island province of the Philippines located in the MIMAROPA region. It lies south of Marinduque and Quezon, east of Mindoro, north of Aklan and Capiz, and west of Masbate. Its capital is also named Romblon....

     and Mindoro
    Mindoro
    Mindoro is the seventh-largest island in the Philippines. It is located off the coast of Luzon, and northeast of Palawan. The southern coast of Mindoro forms the northeastern extremum of the Sulu Sea.-History:...

Rt. Rev. Ronelio V. Fabriquer
Cathedral of St. Vincent Ferrer
Odiongan, Romblon
Odiongan, Romblon
Odiongan is a 2nd class municipality in the province of Romblon, Philippines. According to the 2000 census, it has a population of 39,069 people in 8,624 households...



Visayas Conference

Chairperson: Rt. Rev. Felomino Ang

  • Cebu
    Cebu
    Cebu is a province in the Philippines, consisting of Cebu Island and 167 surrounding islands. It is located to the east of Negros, to the west of Leyte and Bohol islands...

     and Bohol
    Bohol
    Bohol is an island province of the Philippines located in the Central Visayas region, consisting of Bohol Island and 75 minor surrounding islands. Its capital is Tagbilaran City. With a land area of and a coastline long, Bohol is the tenth largest island of the Philippines...

Rt. Rev. Vic A. Esclamado (OIC)
Cathedral of the Sto. Niño
49 A. Mabini St., Cebu City

  • Masbate
    Masbate
    Masbate is an island province of the Philippines located in the Bicol Region. Its capital is Masbate City and consists of three major islands: Masbate, Ticao and Burias.-History:...

Rt. Rev. Alger Loyao
Pro-Cathedral of Our Lady of Remedies
Placer, Masbate

  • Negros Oriental
    Negros Oriental
    Negros Oriental is a province of the Philippines located in the Central Visayas region. It occupies the south-eastern half of the island of Negros, with Negros Occidental comprising the north-western half. It also includes Apo Island — a popular dive site for both local and foreign tourists...

     and Siquijor
    Siquijor
    Siquijor is an island province of the Philippines located in the Central Visayas region. Its capital is the municipality also named Siquijor. To the northwest of Siquijor are Cebu and Negros, to the northeast is Bohol and to the south, across the Bohol Sea, is Mindanao.Siquijor is the third...

Rt. Rev. David M. Ga
Pro-Cathedral of St. Andrew the Apostle
Aldecoa Ave., Daro, Dumaguete City
Dumaguete City
The City of Dumaguete is a city in the Philippine province of Negros Oriental. It is the capital, principal seaport, and largest city of the province. According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 133,470 people. A person from Dumaguete is called a "Dumagueteño"...


  • Biliran
    Biliran
    In 1945 liberated by the Philippine Commonwealth forces of the 9th Infantry Division of the Philippine Commonwealth Army was landed in Biliran with the local guerrilla forces by the attack of the Japanese troops from the island during the Battle of Biliran during World War II.-Conversion:On April...

    , Leyte
    Leyte
    Leyte is a province of the Philippines located in the Eastern Visayas region. Its capital is Tacloban City and occupies the northern three-quarters of the Leyte Island. Leyte is located west of Samar Island, north of Southern Leyte and south of Biliran...

    , and Samar
    Samar
    Samar, formerly and also known as Western Samar, is a province in the Philippines located in the Eastern Visayas region. Its capital is Catbalogan City and covers the western portion of Samar as well as several islands in the Samar Sea located to the west of the mainland...

     (BilLeSa)
Rt. Rev. Vic A. Esclamado
Cathedral of St. James the Greater
Sta. Sofia St., Padre Burgos, Southern Leyte
Padre Burgos, Southern Leyte
Padre Burgos is a 5th class municipality in the province of Southern Leyte, Philippines. According to the 2000 census, it has a population of 8,926 people in 1,672 households....


  • Aklan
    Aklan
    Aklan is a province of the Philippines located in the Western Visayas. Its capital is Kalibo. It is located at the northwest portion of Panay Island, bordering Antique Province to the southwest, and Capiz Province to the east...

     and Capiz
    Capiz
    Capiz is a province of the Philippines located in the Western Visayas region. Its capital is Roxas City and is located at the northeastern portion of Panay Island, bordering Aklan and Antique to the west, and Iloilo to the south. Capiz faces the Sibuyan Sea to the north...

Most Rev. Abdias R. dela Cruz, D.D.
Pro-Cathedral of Our Lady of the Most Holy Rosary
Ochando, New Washington, Aklan
New Washington, Aklan
New Washington is a municipality in the province of Aklan particularly famous for being the native town of the late Jaime Cardinal Sin, former Archbishop of Manila...


  • Antique
Rt. Rev. Leon T. Estrella
Cathedral of St. Jude Thaddeus
Veñegas St., Sibalom, Antique
Sibalom, Antique
Sibalom is a 3rd class municipality in the province of Antique, Philippines. It is known as the "Rice Bowl" of the province. As of 2007, the National Census and Statistics Office records show that Sibalom is inhabited by a total of 53,934 residents and is projected to increase to 63,254 in the year...


  • Negros Occidental
    Negros Occidental
    Negros Occidental is a province of the Philippines located in the Western Visayas region. Its capital is Bacolod City and it occupies the northwestern half of Negros Island; Negros Oriental is at the southeastern half...

Rt. Rev. Felomino Ang
Cathedral of St. John the Baptist
Bago City
Bago City
Bago City is a second class city in the province of Negros Occidental in the Philippines. According to the August 1, 2007 census, it has a population of 159,933 people. The city is located 21 kilometers south of the provincial capital, Bacolod City....


  • Iloilo
    Iloilo
    Iloilo is a province of the Philippines located in the Western Visayas region. Iloilo occupies the southeast portion of Panay Island and is bordered by Antique Province to the west and Capiz Province and the Jintotolo Channel to the north. Just off Iloilo's southeast coast is Guimaras Province,...

Rt. Rev. Gaspar D. Bañes
Cathedral of Our Lady of Peace and Good Voyage
Jereos St., La Paz, Iloilo City
Iloilo City
The City of Iloilo is a highly urbanized city in the Philippines and the capital city of Iloilo province. It is the regional center of the Western Visayas, as well as the center of the Iloilo-Guimaras Metropolitan Area...


  • Guimaras
    Guimaras
    Guimaras is an island province of the Philippines located in the Western Visayas region. Among the smallest provinces, its capital is Jordan. The island is located in the Panay Gulf, between the islands of Panay and Negros...

Rt. Rev. Bartolome Espartero
Cathedral of Our Lady of Salvacion
Salvacion, Buenavista, Guimaras
Buenavista, Guimaras
Buenavista is a 2nd class municipality in the province of Guimaras, Philippines.The town acts as a cheaper link between Panay and Negros, as opposed to taking a ship directly between the two islands....



Mindanao Conference

Chairperson: Rt. Rev. Felixberto L. Calang
  • Misamis Oriental
    Misamis Oriental
    Misamis Oriental is a province of the Philippines located in the Northern Mindanao region. Its capital and provincial center is Cagayan de Oro City...

    , Bukidnon
    Bukidnon
    Bukidnon is a landlocked province of the Philippines located in the Northern Mindanao region. Its capital is Malaybalay City. The province borders, clockwise starting from the north, Misamis Oriental, Agusan del Sur, Davao del Norte, Cotabato, Lanao del Sur, and Lanao del Norte.Bukidnon is...

    , and Camiguin
    Camiguin
    Camiguin is an island province of the Philippines located in the Bohol Sea, about off the northern coast of Misamis Oriental in Mindanao. It is the second-smallest province both in population and land area after Batanes...

     (MOBuCa)
Rt. Rev. Felixberto L. Calang
Metropolitan Cathedral of Jesus the Nazarene
Pabayo-Pacana Sts., Cagayan de Oro

  • Agusans and Surigao del Sur
    Surigao del Sur
    ' is a province of the Philippines located in the CARAGA region in Mindanao. Its capital is Tandag City and borders Surigao del Norte to the north, Agusan del Norte and Agusan del Sur to the west, and Davao Oriental to the south...

Rt. Rev. Denny D. Dapitan
Cathedral of Our Lady of Presentacion
Cabadbaran, Agusan del Norte
Cabadbaran, Agusan del Norte
Cabadbaran is a component city in the province of Agusan del Norte, Philippines. Founded in 1894, the city rose from its Spanish period beginnings to become the premier town of Agusan del Norte. Its rich cultural heritage is evident in its preserved colonial period houses and its archaeological...


  • Surigao
Rt. Rev. Rhee M. Timbang
Cathedral of the Transfiguration
Km. 2, National Road, Surigao City
Surigao City
The City of Surigao The City of Surigao The City of Surigao (Filipino Pronunciation: (sů-rēh-GAŮ) ( Filipino: Lungsod ng Surigao; Surigaonon: Siyudad nan Surigao) located at the northeasternmost tip of Mindanao Island in the Philippines and the capital of the province of Surigao del Norte,...


  • Dinagat
Rt. Rev. Rhee M. Timbang (OIC)
Cathedral Church of St. Mary
Dinagat Islands

  • Ozamis
Rt. Rev. Pablito Jarantilla (on leave)
Cathedral of the Conception of Mary
J. Luna St., Ozamis City

  • Davao
    Davao Region
    Davao Region / Southern Mindanao, designated as Region XI, is one of the regions of the Philippines, located on the southeastern portion of Mindanao. Davao Region consists of four provinces, namely: Compostela Valley, Davao del Norte, Davao Oriental, and Davao del Sur. The region encloses the Davao...

Rt. Rev. Delfin Callao, Jr.
Cathedral of the Risen Lord
F. Torres-Tuvera Sts., Davao City
Davao City
The City of Davao is the largest city in the island of Mindanao in the Philippines. Its international airport and seaports are among the busiest cargo hubs in the Philippines....


  • Libertad
    Libertad, Misamis Oriental
    Libertad is a 5th class municipality in the province of Misamis Oriental, Philippines. According to the 2000 census, it has a population of 10,231 people in 2,081 households.-Barangays:Libertad is politically subdivided into 9 barangays.* Dulong...

Rt. Rev. Rudy Juliada
Cathedral of St. Matthew
Poblacion, Libertad, Misamis Oriental
Libertad, Misamis Oriental
Libertad is a 5th class municipality in the province of Misamis Oriental, Philippines. According to the 2000 census, it has a population of 10,231 people in 2,081 households.-Barangays:Libertad is politically subdivided into 9 barangays.* Dulong...


  • Oroquieta
Rt. Rev. Noel B. Lorente
Cathedral of St. Mary / Parish of the Holy Rosary
Poblacion 1, Oroquieta City
Oroquieta City
Oroquieta City is a 3rd class city in the province of Misamis Occidental, Philippines. It is the capital city of Misamis Occidental. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 65,349 people.-Etymology:...


  • Pagadian
Rt. Rev. Antonio N. Ablon
Cathedral of the Sto. Niño
Pagadian City

  • Koronadal
Rt. Rev. Delfin Callao, Jr. (OIC)
Cathedral of the Holy Family
Osmeña-Paredes Sts., Koronadal City


Dioceses abroad

  • Diocese of Western United States
    United States
    The United States of America is a federal constitutional republic comprising fifty states and a federal district...

     and Canada
    Canada
    Canada is a North American country consisting of ten provinces and three territories. Located in the northern part of the continent, it extends from the Atlantic Ocean in the east to the Pacific Ocean in the west, and northward into the Arctic Ocean...

Rt. Rev. Raul C. Tobias
Cathedral of the Sto. Niño
6301 W. Olympic Blvd., Los Angeles
Los Ángeles
Los Ángeles is the capital of the province of Biobío, in the commune of the same name, in Region VIII , in the center-south of Chile. It is located between the Laja and Biobío rivers. The population is 123,445 inhabitants...

, California
California
California is a state located on the West Coast of the United States. It is by far the most populous U.S. state, and the third-largest by land area...

, United States of America
United States
The United States of America is a federal constitutional republic comprising fifty states and a federal district...


  • Diocese of Eastern United States
    United States
    The United States of America is a federal constitutional republic comprising fifty states and a federal district...

     and Canada
    Canada
    Canada is a North American country consisting of ten provinces and three territories. Located in the northern part of the continent, it extends from the Atlantic Ocean in the east to the Pacific Ocean in the west, and northward into the Arctic Ocean...

Rt. Rev. Robert D. Ilay
Cathedral of Jesus of Nazareth
14322 North Blvd., Tampa, Florida
Tampa, Florida
Tampa is a city in the U.S. state of Florida. It serves as the county seat for Hillsborough County. Tampa is located on the west coast of Florida. The population of Tampa in 2010 was 335,709....

, United States of America
United States
The United States of America is a federal constitutional republic comprising fifty states and a federal district...


Congregations abroad

  • Great Britain
    Great Britain
    Great Britain or Britain is an island situated to the northwest of Continental Europe. It is the ninth largest island in the world, and the largest European island, as well as the largest of the British Isles...

     and Ireland
    Ireland
    Ireland is an island to the northwest of continental Europe. It is the third-largest island in Europe and the twentieth-largest island on Earth...

     (with the Anglican Diocese of London
    Diocese of London
    The Anglican Diocese of London forms part of the Province of Canterbury in England.Historically the diocese covered a large area north of the Thames and bordered the dioceses of Norwich and Lincoln to the north and west. The present diocese covers and 17 London boroughs, covering most of Greater...

     Filipino Chaplaincy)
Rev. Salvador Telen
St. John’s Church Notting Hill
St John's Notting Hill
St John's Notting Hill is a Victorian Anglican church built in 1845 in Lansdowne Crescent, Notting Hill, London,designed by the architects John Hargrave Stevens and George Alexander , and built in the Victorian Gothic style...

Lansdowne Crescent, London
London
London is the capital city of :England and the :United Kingdom, the largest metropolitan area in the United Kingdom, and the largest urban zone in the European Union by most measures. Located on the River Thames, London has been a major settlement for two millennia, its history going back to its...

 W11 2NN, England
England
England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom. It shares land borders with Scotland to the north and Wales to the west; the Irish Sea is to the north west, the Celtic Sea to the south west, with the North Sea to the east and the English Channel to the south separating it from continental...

, United Kingdom
United Kingdom
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern IrelandIn the United Kingdom and Dependencies, other languages have been officially recognised as legitimate autochthonous languages under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages...


  • United Arab Emirates
    United Arab Emirates
    The United Arab Emirates, abbreviated as the UAE, or shortened to "the Emirates", is a state situated in the southeast of the Arabian Peninsula in Western Asia on the Persian Gulf, bordering Oman, and Saudi Arabia, and sharing sea borders with Iraq, Kuwait, Bahrain, Qatar, and Iran.The UAE is a...

     (community)
Rev. Glenn D. Edralin
Abu Dhabi
Abu Dhabi
Abu Dhabi , literally Father of Gazelle, is the capital and the second largest city of the United Arab Emirates in terms of population and the largest of the seven member emirates of the United Arab Emirates. Abu Dhabi lies on a T-shaped island jutting into the Persian Gulf from the central western...

, United Arab Emirates
United Arab Emirates
The United Arab Emirates, abbreviated as the UAE, or shortened to "the Emirates", is a state situated in the southeast of the Arabian Peninsula in Western Asia on the Persian Gulf, bordering Oman, and Saudi Arabia, and sharing sea borders with Iraq, Kuwait, Bahrain, Qatar, and Iran.The UAE is a...


  • Hong Kong
    Hong Kong
    Hong Kong is one of two Special Administrative Regions of the People's Republic of China , the other being Macau. A city-state situated on China's south coast and enclosed by the Pearl River Delta and South China Sea, it is renowned for its expansive skyline and deep natural harbour...

Rev. Dwight Q. dela Torre
St. John's Cathedral
St. John's Cathedral, Hong Kong
St. John's Cathedral , officially The Cathedral Church of St. John the Evangelist and located at 4 Garden Road, Central, is an Anglican cathedral in Hong Kong. It is the Diocesan cathedral of the...

4 Garden Rd., Central, Hong Kong
Central, Hong Kong
Central is the central business district of Hong Kong. It is located in Central and Western District, on the north shore of Hong Kong Island, across Victoria Harbour from Tsim Sha Tsui, the southernmost point of Kowloon Peninsula...


External links

The source of this article is wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.  The text of this article is licensed under the GFDL.
 
x
OK