Pennsylvania State University
Overview
The Pennsylvania State University, commonly referred to as Penn State or PSU, is a public
Public university
A public university is a university that is predominantly funded by public means through a national or subnational government, as opposed to private universities. A national university may or may not be considered a public university, depending on regions...

 research university with campuses and facilities throughout the state of Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
The Commonwealth of Pennsylvania is a U.S. state that is located in the Northeastern and Mid-Atlantic regions of the United States. The state borders Delaware and Maryland to the south, West Virginia to the southwest, Ohio to the west, New York and Ontario, Canada, to the north, and New Jersey to...

, United States
United States
The United States of America is a federal constitutional republic comprising fifty states and a federal district...

. Founded in 1855, the university has a threefold mission of teaching, research, and public service. Its instructional mission includes undergraduate, graduate, professional and continuing education offered through resident instruction and online delivery.
Encyclopedia
The Pennsylvania State University, commonly referred to as Penn State or PSU, is a public
Public university
A public university is a university that is predominantly funded by public means through a national or subnational government, as opposed to private universities. A national university may or may not be considered a public university, depending on regions...

 research university with campuses and facilities throughout the state of Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
The Commonwealth of Pennsylvania is a U.S. state that is located in the Northeastern and Mid-Atlantic regions of the United States. The state borders Delaware and Maryland to the south, West Virginia to the southwest, Ohio to the west, New York and Ontario, Canada, to the north, and New Jersey to...

, United States
United States
The United States of America is a federal constitutional republic comprising fifty states and a federal district...

. Founded in 1855, the university has a threefold mission of teaching, research, and public service. Its instructional mission includes undergraduate, graduate, professional and continuing education offered through resident instruction and online delivery. Its University Park
University Park, Pennsylvania
University Park, Pennsylvania is an unincorporated community in Centre County, Pennsylvania, United States, and is the location of the flagship campus of the Pennsylvania State University....

 campus, the flagship campus, lies within the Borough of State College
State College, Pennsylvania
State College is the largest borough in Centre County in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania. It is the principal city of the State College, Pennsylvania Metropolitan Statistical Area which encompasses all of Centre County. As of the 2010 census, the borough population was 42,034, and roughly double...

 and College Township, Pennsylvania. The Penn State Dickinson School of Law has facilities located in both Carlisle
Carlisle, Pennsylvania
Carlisle is a borough in and the county seat of Cumberland County, Pennsylvania, United States. The name is traditionally pronounced with emphasis on the second syllable. Carlisle is located within the Cumberland Valley, a highly productive agricultural region. As of the 2010 census, the borough...

 and University Park
University Park, Pennsylvania
University Park, Pennsylvania is an unincorporated community in Centre County, Pennsylvania, United States, and is the location of the flagship campus of the Pennsylvania State University....

 and the College of Medicine is located in Hershey
Hershey, Pennsylvania
Hershey is a census-designated place in Derry Township, Dauphin County in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. The community is located 14 miles east of Harrisburg and is part of the Harrisburg–Carlisle Metropolitan Statistical Area. Hershey has no legal status as an incorporated municipality...

. Penn State has another 19 commonwealth campuses
Pennsylvania State University Commonwealth Campus
The Pennsylvania State University is a geographically dispersed university system with campuses located throughout the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania...

 and 5 special-mission campuses located across the state.

Penn State University Park is ranked among the top-fifteen public universities nationally and is considered to be one of America's Public Ivy
Public Ivy
Public Ivy is a term coined by Richard Moll in his 1985 book Public Ivies: A Guide to America's best public undergraduate colleges and universities to refer to universities which "provide an Ivy League collegiate experience at a public school price." Public Ivies are considered, according to the...

 universities, which recognizes top public research universities in the United States. Annual enrollment at the University Park campus totals more than 44,000 graduate and undergraduate students, making it one of the largest universities in the United States. It has the world's largest dues-paying alumni association.

The university's total enrollment in 2009–10 was approximately 94,300 across its 24 campuses and online through its World Campus. The university offers more than 160 majors among all its campuses and administers a US$1.52 billion (as of April 30, 2010) endowment. The university's research enterprise exceeded $765 million for the 2009-2009 fiscal year, and in fiscal year 2008 Penn State was ranked 11th among U.S. universities in research income by the National Science Foundation
National Science Foundation
The National Science Foundation is a United States government agency that supports fundamental research and education in all the non-medical fields of science and engineering. Its medical counterpart is the National Institutes of Health...

.

Annually the university hosts the Penn State IFC/Panhellenic Dance Marathon (THON), which has been "dubbed by supporters as the world's largest student-run philanthropy." The university's athletics teams compete in Division I of the NCAA
National Collegiate Athletic Association
The National Collegiate Athletic Association is a semi-voluntary association of 1,281 institutions, conferences, organizations and individuals that organizes the athletic programs of many colleges and universities in the United States...

 and are collectively known as the Penn State Nittany Lions. They compete in the Big Ten Conference
Big Ten Conference
The Big Ten Conference is the United States' oldest Division I college athletic conference. Its twelve member institutions are located primarily in the Midwestern United States, stretching from Nebraska in the west to Pennsylvania in the east...

 for most sports.

Early years

The school was founded as a degree-granting institution on February 22, 1855, by act P.L. 46, No. 50 of the General Assembly of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania General Assembly
The Pennsylvania General Assembly is the state legislature of the U.S. state of Pennsylvania. The legislature convenes in the State Capitol building in Harrisburg. In colonial times , the legislature was known as the Pennsylvania Provincial Assembly. Since the Constitution of 1776, written by...

 as the Farmers' High School of Pennsylvania. Centre County
Centre County, Pennsylvania
Centre County is a county located in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania. It is part of the State College, Pennsylvania Metropolitan Statistical Area. As of 2010, the population was 153,990....

, Pennsylvania, became the home of the new school when James Irvin
James Irvin
James Irvin was an American politician. Irvin was a prominent agriculturalist and ironmaster in Centre County, Pennsylvania. Irvin represented Pennsylvania's 14th congressional district in the 27th United States Congress, and Pennsylvania's 14th congressional district in the 28th United States...

 of Bellefonte
Bellefonte, Pennsylvania
Bellefonte is a borough in Centre County, Pennsylvania, United States. It lies about twelve miles northeast of State College and is part of the State College, Pennsylvania Metropolitan Statistical Area...

, Pennsylvania, donated 200 acre (0.809372 km²) of land the first of 10101 acres (41 km²) the school would eventually acquire. In 1862, the school's name was changed to the Agricultural College of Pennsylvania, and with the passage of the Morrill Land-Grant Act
Morrill Land-Grant Colleges Act
The Morrill Land-Grant Acts are United States statutes that allowed for the creation of land-grant colleges, including the Morrill Act of 1862 and the Morrill Act of 1890 -Passage of original bill:...

, Pennsylvania selected the school in 1863 to be the state's sole land-grant college. In the following years, enrollment fell as the school tried to balance purely agricultural studies
Agricultural science
Agricultural science is a broad multidisciplinary field that encompasses the parts of exact, natural, economic and social sciences that are used in the practice and understanding of agriculture. -Agriculture and agricultural science:The two terms are often confused...

 with a more classic education, falling to 64 undergraduates in 1875, a year after the school's name changed once again to the Pennsylvania State College.

President Atherton

George W. Atherton
George W. Atherton
George Washington Atherton was president of the Pennsylvania State University from 1882 until his death in 1906. He earned a degree from Yale in 1863 and taught at universities such as the University of Illinois and Rutgers before accepting the position of president at Penn State...

 became president of the school in 1882, and broadened the school's curriculum. Shortly after he introduced engineering studies
Engineering
Engineering is the discipline, art, skill and profession of acquiring and applying scientific, mathematical, economic, social, and practical knowledge, in order to design and build structures, machines, devices, systems, materials and processes that safely realize improvements to the lives of...

, Penn State became one of the ten-largest engineering schools in the nation. Atherton also expanded the liberal arts
Liberal arts
The term liberal arts refers to those subjects which in classical antiquity were considered essential for a free citizen to study. Grammar, Rhetoric and Logic were the core liberal arts. In medieval times these subjects were extended to include mathematics, geometry, music and astronomy...

 and agriculture programs, for which the school began receiving regular appropriations from the state in 1887. Atherton is still honored today by the name of a major road
U.S. Route 322
U.S. Route 322 is a long, east–west United States Highway, traversing Ohio, Pennsylvania, and New Jersey. The road is a spur of U.S. Route 22 and one of the original highways from 1926...

 in State College
State College, Pennsylvania
State College is the largest borough in Centre County in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania. It is the principal city of the State College, Pennsylvania Metropolitan Statistical Area which encompasses all of Centre County. As of the 2010 census, the borough population was 42,034, and roughly double...

. Penn State's Atherton Hall, a well-furnished and centrally located residence hall, is named not after George Atherton himself, but after his wife, Frances Washburn Atherton. His grave is in front of Schwab Auditorium near Old Main
Old Main (Pennsylvania State University)
Old Main, originally called "Main Building" is The Pennsylvania State University’s first building of major significance. It was completed in 1863 after a six-year period of construction. Hugh McAllister designed the structure to contain classrooms, laboratories, offices, a chapel, and residential...

, marked by an engraved marble
Marble
Marble is a metamorphic rock composed of recrystallized carbonate minerals, most commonly calcite or dolomite.Geologists use the term "marble" to refer to metamorphosed limestone; however stonemasons use the term more broadly to encompass unmetamorphosed limestone.Marble is commonly used for...

 block in front of his statue.

Early 20th century

In the years that followed, Penn State grew significantly, becoming the state's largest grantor of baccalaureate degrees
Bachelor's degree
A bachelor's degree is usually an academic degree awarded for an undergraduate course or major that generally lasts for three or four years, but can range anywhere from two to six years depending on the region of the world...

 and reaching an enrollment of 5,000 in 1936. Around that time, a system of commonwealth campuses was started by President Ralph Dorn Hetzel
Ralph Dorn Hetzel
Ralph Dorn Hetzel was the tenth president of the Pennsylvania State University, serving from 1927 until 1947...

 to provide an alternative for Depression
Great Depression
The Great Depression was a severe worldwide economic depression in the decade preceding World War II. The timing of the Great Depression varied across nations, but in most countries it started in about 1929 and lasted until the late 1930s or early 1940s...

-era students who were economically unable to leave home to attend college.

Rapid growth

In 1953, President Milton S. Eisenhower
Milton S. Eisenhower
Milton Stover Eisenhower, served as president of three major American universities: Kansas State University, the Pennsylvania State University, and the Johns Hopkins University. He was the younger brother of U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower, Edgar N. Eisenhower, and Earl D...

, brother of then-U.S. President
President of the United States
The President of the United States of America is the head of state and head of government of the United States. The president leads the executive branch of the federal government and is the commander-in-chief of the United States Armed Forces....

 Dwight D. Eisenhower
Dwight D. Eisenhower
Dwight David "Ike" Eisenhower was the 34th President of the United States, from 1953 until 1961. He was a five-star general in the United States Army...

, changed the school's name to The Pennsylvania State University, and the university developed rapidly under his successor Eric A. Walker
Eric A. Walker
Eric Arthur Walker born April 29, 1910 in Long Eaton, England, died February 17, 1995 was president of Penn State University from 1956 to 1970 and founding member of the National Academy of Engineering.Dr...

. Under Walker's leadership (1956–1970), the university acquired hundreds of acres of surrounding land, and enrollment nearly tripled. In addition, in 1967, the Hershey Medical Center, a college of medicine and hospital, was established in Hershey
Hershey, Pennsylvania
Hershey is a census-designated place in Derry Township, Dauphin County in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. The community is located 14 miles east of Harrisburg and is part of the Harrisburg–Carlisle Metropolitan Statistical Area. Hershey has no legal status as an incorporated municipality...

 with a $50 million gift from the Hershey Trust Company
Hershey Trust Company
Hershey Trust Company was created in 1905, as Milton S. Hershey was organized to create the Milton Hershey School. In 1909, when he founded the school, Hershey appointed the Trust as administrator of the school trust...

.

Modern era

In the 1970s, university became a state-related
Commonwealth System of Higher Education
The Commonwealth System of Higher Education is the organizing body of Pennsylvania's "state-related" schools, which allows the independent control of the universities while supplying them with the public funds needed for operations at each institution. Universities in the System are considered...

 institution. As such, it now belongs to the Commonwealth System of Higher Education
Commonwealth System of Higher Education
The Commonwealth System of Higher Education is the organizing body of Pennsylvania's "state-related" schools, which allows the independent control of the universities while supplying them with the public funds needed for operations at each institution. Universities in the System are considered...

, and is not part of the fully public Pennsylvania State System of Higher Education
Pennsylvania State System of Higher Education
The Pennsylvania State System of Higher Education is the largest provider of higher education in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania and a large public university system in the United States. It is the tenth-largest university system in the United States and 43rd largest in the world...

.

In recent years, the university's role as a leader in education in Pennsylvania has become very well-defined. In 1989, the Pennsylvania College of Technology
Pennsylvania College of Technology
Pennsylvania College of Technology, or Penn College, is a public college located in Williamsport, Pennsylvania, affiliated with The Pennsylvania State University. As an applied technology college, the school offers certificate, associate and baccalaureate degree programs in more than 100 fields of...

 in Williamsport
Williamsport, Pennsylvania
Williamsport is a city in and the county seat of Lycoming County, Pennsylvania in the United States. In 2009, the population was estimated at 29,304...

 joined ranks with the university, and in 2000, so did the Dickinson School of Law
Dickinson School of Law
Penn State University Dickinson School of Law is the law school of The Pennsylvania State University...

. The university is now the largest in Pennsylvania, and in 2003, it was credited with having the second-largest impact on the state economy of any organization, generating an economic effect of over $17 billion on a budget of $2.5 billion. To offset the lack of funding due to the limited growth in state appropriations to Penn State, the university has concentrated its efforts on philanthropy (2003 marked the end of the Grand Destiny campaign—a seven-year effort that raised over $1.3 billion).

In 2011, the university and its football team garnered significant media criticism for allegations
Penn State sex abuse scandal
The Penn State sex abuse scandal refers to allegations that former Pennsylvania State University football assistant coach Jerry Sandusky sexually assaulted or had inappropriate contact with at least eight underage boys on or near university property...

 that several members of its staff, from the university president down to a graduate assistant coach, covered up child sexual abuse
Child sexual abuse
Child sexual abuse is a form of child abuse in which an adult or older adolescent uses a child for sexual stimulation. Forms of child sexual abuse include asking or pressuring a child to engage in sexual activities , indecent exposure with intent to gratify their own sexual desires or to...

 by Jerry Sandusky
Jerry Sandusky
Gerald Arthur "Jerry" Sandusky is a retired American football coach. Sandusky served as an assistant coach for his entire career, mostly at Pennsylvania State University under Joe Paterno, and was one of the most notable major college football coaches never to have held a head coaching position. ...

, a former coach. Commentators have claimed that the university covered up the scandal in the interest of protecting its brand
Brand
The American Marketing Association defines a brand as a "Name, term, design, symbol, or any other feature that identifies one seller's good or service as distinct from those of other sellers."...

. Coach Joe Paterno
Joe Paterno
Joseph Vincent "Joe" Paterno is a former college football coach who was the head coach of the Penn State Nittany Lions for 46 years from 1966 through 2011. Paterno, nicknamed "JoePa," holds the record for the most victories by an NCAA Division I Football Bowl Subdivision football coach with...

 was fired and school president Graham B. Spanier was forced to resign by the Board of Trustees late the evening of November 9, 2011, while two administrators were indicted for perjury and Sandusky was indicted for the abuse. Thousands of students rioted with some property damage the night of the Trustees meeting. Calls came from outside the university for the cancellation of the rest of the football season but the Nebraska game went ahead on November 12. Thousands attended a vigil in support of sexual abuse
Child sexual abuse
Child sexual abuse is a form of child abuse in which an adult or older adolescent uses a child for sexual stimulation. Forms of child sexual abuse include asking or pressuring a child to engage in sexual activities , indecent exposure with intent to gratify their own sexual desires or to...

 victims the night before the game near where the earlier disturbances had occurred. At Beaver Stadium
Beaver Stadium
Beaver Stadium is an outdoor college football stadium in University Park, Pennsylvania, United States, on the campus of The Pennsylvania State University. It is home to the Penn State Nittany Lions of the Big Ten Conference. The stadium is named for James A...

, among other special observances, "both teams gathered at the center of the field, and the players dropped to one knee as the crowd fell silent. More than 100,000 hardly made a sound for 60 seconds. Then the fans began rhythmic clapping, cheering as the players rose and dispersed to their sidelines." Nebraska won 17-14 despite a comeback push from Penn State.

Demographics and diversity

As of fall 2010, the racial makeup of the Penn State system including all campuses and special-mission colleges, was 75.4 percent white, 5.5 percent African-American, 4.3 percent Asian-American, 4.4 percent Hispanic-American, 0.2 percent Native American, 0.1 percent Native Hawaiian/Pac Island, 1.7 percent two or more races, 5.8 percent international students and 3.1 percent of an unknown race. Over the period 2000–2010, minority enrollment as a percentage of total enrollments has risen 5.3 percentage points, while minorities as a percentage of total teaching positions rose 2.0 percentage points from 1997 to 2002.

Six-year graduation rates for the 2004 cohort at University Park was 85.3 percent. Graduation rates for by race among this group are 86.6 percent white, 75.0 percent African-American, 81.9 percent Asian-American, 77.4 percent Hispanic-American, 57.1 percent Native American and 76.1 percent international students

Admissions

The university's Undergraduate Admissions office offers information on a variety of topics for incoming and prospective students including FAQs, costs, financial aid and academic programs. Information on the middle 50 percent GPA and SAT ranges for accepted students is available to assess admission standards at the university.

Tuition

Current tuition and room-and-board rates are available for University Park and all Penn State campuses.

According to a 2006 survey by USA Today, the university's flagship campus, University Park, has the highest in-state tuition
Tuition
Tuition payments, known primarily as tuition in American English and as tuition fees in British English, Canadian English, Australian English, New Zealand English and Indian English, refers to a fee charged for educational instruction during higher education.Tuition payments are charged by...

 rates among comparable institutions nationwide. While a task force formed in 2001 to study options for tuition projections determined that the university's operating efficiency is among the highest in postsecondary education, it found that tuition increases at Penn State still consistently outpaced increases at other Big Ten Conference
Big Ten Conference
The Big Ten Conference is the United States' oldest Division I college athletic conference. Its twelve member institutions are located primarily in the Midwestern United States, stretching from Nebraska in the west to Pennsylvania in the east...

 institutions. Student leaders of The Council of Commonwealth Student Governments (CCSG) have led annual rallies to support lower rate hikes at each of the nineteen commonwealth campuses and at the Pennsylvania state capitol in Harrisburg
Harrisburg, Pennsylvania
Harrisburg is the capital of Pennsylvania. As of the 2010 census, the city had a population of 49,528, making it the ninth largest city in Pennsylvania...

. In 2005, the board of trustees proposed a tuition freeze at the commonwealth campus locations
Pennsylvania State University Commonwealth Campus
The Pennsylvania State University is a geographically dispersed university system with campuses located throughout the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania...

 as part of its state appropriation request.

Housing

Housing is available at eleven Penn State locations – Altoona
Penn State Altoona
Penn State Altoona is a commonwealth campus of The Pennsylvania State University. It is located in Logan Township, Pennsylvania, just outside of Altoona, Pennsylvania, although some of its buildings are located in the heart of Altoona's downtown.-History:...

, Beaver
Penn State Beaver
Penn State Beaver is a commonwealth campus of Pennsylvania State University located in Monaca, PA in Center Township, PA-Campus History:The land where the campus now exists was once a farm owned by the Hartenbach family. The family home still stands today and faces Brodhead Road...

, Berks
Penn State Berks
Penn State Berks is a commonwealth campus of Pennsylvania State University located in Spring Township, Berks County, Pennsylvania.-History:First known as Wyomissing Polytechnic Institute, Penn State Berks became part of the Penn State system in 1958. The Berks campus has experienced many changes...

, Erie
Penn State Erie, The Behrend College
Penn State Erie, The Behrend College is a state-related public university institution and a Commonwealth campus of Pennsylvania State University located in Erie, Pennsylvania....

, Greater Allegheny, Harrisburg
Penn State Harrisburg
Penn State Harrisburg, also called The Capital College, is an undergraduate college and graduate school of the Pennsylvania State University. The main campus of Penn State Harrisburg is located in Lower Swatara Township, 9 miles south of Harrisburg...

, Hazleton
Penn State Hazleton
Penn State Hazleton is a commonwealth campus of the Pennsylvania State University. It is located in Sugarloaf Township, Luzerne County, Pennsylvania, near the junction of Interstates 80 and 81...

, Mont Alto
Penn State Mont Alto
Penn State Mont Alto is a Pennsylvania State University Commonwealth Campus. It is located in Mont Alto, PA, in south central Pennsylvania, between Chambersburg and Gettysburg...

, Pennsylvania College of Technology
Pennsylvania College of Technology
Pennsylvania College of Technology, or Penn College, is a public college located in Williamsport, Pennsylvania, affiliated with The Pennsylvania State University. As an applied technology college, the school offers certificate, associate and baccalaureate degree programs in more than 100 fields of...

, Schuylkill
Penn State Schuylkill
Penn State Schuylkill is a Commonwealth Campus of the Pennsylvania State University. It is located in Schuylkill Haven, Schuylkill County, Pennsylvania....

 and University Park
University Park, Pennsylvania
University Park, Pennsylvania is an unincorporated community in Centre County, Pennsylvania, United States, and is the location of the flagship campus of the Pennsylvania State University....

.

Campuses

University Park

The largest of university's 24 campuses, University Park
University Park, Pennsylvania
University Park, Pennsylvania is an unincorporated community in Centre County, Pennsylvania, United States, and is the location of the flagship campus of the Pennsylvania State University....

 is almost entirely within the boundaries of State College
State College, Pennsylvania
State College is the largest borough in Centre County in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania. It is the principal city of the State College, Pennsylvania Metropolitan Statistical Area which encompasses all of Centre County. As of the 2010 census, the borough population was 42,034, and roughly double...

 borough, a site chosen to be near the geographic center of the state. With an undergraduate acceptance rate of 51 percent, it is the most selective campus in the Penn State system, due primarily to the fact that students select University Park as their first-choice campus at a far greater rate than the university's other undergraduate campuses. During the fall 2010 semester, 38,594 undergraduate students and 6,223 graduate students were enrolled at University Park. Of those, 45.3 percent were female and 30.6 percent were not Pennsylvania residents.

Student life

Housing

There are seven housing complexes located on campus for students attending the University Park campus: East Halls, North Halls, Pollock Halls, South Halls, West Halls, Eastview Terrace, and Nittany Apartments. Each complex consists of a few separate buildings that are dormitories and a commons building, which has lounges, the help desk for the complex, mailboxes for each dormitory room, a small food shop, and a cafeteria-style room. Different floors within a building in the complex may be a Special Living Option, meaning students can sign up for that floor if they are in that major.
Student organizations

As of November 2009, 778 student organizations were recognized at the University Park campus. In addition, the university has one of the largest Greek systems in the country, with approximately 12 percent of the University Park population affiliated. Additional organizations on campus include Thespians
Penn State Thespians
The Penn State Thespians is a student-run theatrical organization that operates at the Pennsylvania State University. The main goal of the organization is "to present theatrical entertainment and to provide the students of the Pennsylvania State University with educational experience in all phases...

, Blue Band
Penn State Blue Band
The Penn State University Marching Blue Band, known generally as the Blue Band, is the marching band of Pennsylvania State University. Founded in 1899, it is the largest recognized student organization at the University Park campus of Penn State, presently with over 300 active student members...

, Glee Club and LateNight.
Student media

Student media on campus includes La Vie, the university's annual student yearbook; the student-run radio station The LION 90.7 FM (WKPS-FM); Com Radio, independently programmed and operated by university undergraduates; The Daily Collegian, a student-run newspaper; Onward State, a blog related to the Penn State community; and Phroth, a student-run humor magazine. For additional information on media related to Penn State – including Penn State Live, the official news source of the University – see the Media section below.

Penn State Live is the official news source of the university. The student-run newspaper is The Daily Collegian. It is published every weekday while classes are in session. Since the summer of 1996, the traditional paper publication has been supplemented by an online edition, known as The Digital Collegian. Onward State
Onward State
Onward State is a student-run blog geared towards members of the Penn State community in Pennsylvania. The blog provides news, features, and event-listings. Founded in November 2008, U.S. News and World Report named Onward State the "Best Alternative Media Outlet" in February 2009.Blogger Alison Go...

 has recently gained standing as an alternative media outlet to The Daily Collegian. It is a blog centered on the Penn State community. Also long-time local web site StateCollege.com has expanded its news coverage of the university and the local community. In addition, Penn State's newspaper readership program provides free copies of USA Today
USA Today
USA Today is a national American daily newspaper published by the Gannett Company. It was founded by Al Neuharth. The newspaper vies with The Wall Street Journal for the position of having the widest circulation of any newspaper in the United States, something it previously held since 2003...

, The New York Times
The New York Times
The New York Times is an American daily newspaper founded and continuously published in New York City since 1851. The New York Times has won 106 Pulitzer Prizes, the most of any news organization...

, as well as local and regional newspapers depending on the campus location (for example, the Centre Daily Times
Centre Daily Times
The Centre Daily Times is a daily newspaper located in State College, Pennsylvania in the United States. It is the hometown newspaper for the Pennsylvania State University, one of the most well-known and largest universities in the country with more than 40,000 students attending the main...

 in University Park). This program, initiated by then-President Graham Spanier in 1997, has since been instituted on nearly 400 other universities across the country.

La Vie (the Life), the university's annual student yearbook, has been in production documenting student life continuously since 1890. La Vie 1987, edited by David Beagin, won a College Gold Crown for Yearbooks award from the Columbia Scholastic Press Association
Columbia Scholastic Press Association
The Columbia Scholastic Press Association is an international student press association, founded in 1925, whose goal is to unite student journalists and faculty advisers at schools and colleges through educational conferences, idea exchanges, textbooks, critiques and award programs...

.

The student-run radio station is The LION 90.7 fm (WKPS-FM)
WKPS
WKPS is a college radio station owned by Penn State University. The station runs on a full-time, multi-format schedule featuring a wide variety of programming. "The Lion 90.7 FM" transmits to a potential audience of over 125,000 from its studio in the HUB-Robeson Center...

. Founded in 1995 as a replacement for Penn State's original student radio station WDFM, The LION broadcasts from the ground floor of the HUB-Robeson Center, serving the Penn State and State College communities with alternative music and talk programming, including live coverage of home Penn State football games. The LION's signal can be heard in the greater State College area at 90.7 FM and anywhere in the world via its live 24/7 webstream at www.theLION.fm. The LION's programming grid can be found at www.thelion.fm/shows/.

In addition, the Penn State College of Communications
Penn State College of Communications
The College of Communications is the journalism and mass communications college of the Pennsylvania State University at the University Park campus. The college offers undergraduate, masters, and PhD degrees. The college is home to the departments of Advertising/Public Relations,Film-Video and...

 operates ComRadio. It was founded in the spring of 2003 as an internet-based audio laboratory and co-curricular training environment for aspiring student broadcasters. ComRadio is most well known for its coverage of most major Penn State sporting events. ComRadio also airs student-produced Penn State news. Other programming includes student talk shows, political coverage, AP syndicated news and soft rock music. In recent years, ComRadio broadcasters have won numerous state awards for their on-air work. The station's sports department prides itself on the broadcasts of every home and away football game, including bowl games, and its coverage of the NFL Draft live from New York City.

Onward State is a student-run blog
Blog
A blog is a type of website or part of a website supposed to be updated with new content from time to time. Blogs are usually maintained by an individual with regular entries of commentary, descriptions of events, or other material such as graphics or video. Entries are commonly displayed in...

 geared towards members of the university's community. The blog provides news, features, and event-listings. Founded in November 2008, U.S. News & World Report
U.S. News & World Report
U.S. News & World Report is an American news magazine published from Washington, D.C. Along with Time and Newsweek it was for many years a leading news weekly, focusing more than its counterparts on political, economic, health and education stories...

 named the blog the "Best Alternative Media Outlet" in February 2009. Alison Go, a blogger of U.S. News & World Report organized the contest "Best Alternative Media Outlet" at the beginning of 2009. Onward State, still a fledgling organization, was surprisingly nominated. Pitted against Onward State were seasoned blogs from UC Berkeley
University of California, Berkeley
The University of California, Berkeley , is a teaching and research university established in 1868 and located in Berkeley, California, USA...

, Vassar
Vassar College
Vassar College is a private, coeducational liberal arts college in the town of Poughkeepsie, New York, in the United States. The Vassar campus comprises over and more than 100 buildings, including four National Historic Landmarks, ranging in style from Collegiate Gothic to International,...

, Wesleyan
Wesleyan University
Wesleyan University is a private liberal arts college founded in 1831 and located in Middletown, Connecticut. According to the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching, Wesleyan is the only Baccalaureate College in the nation that emphasizes undergraduate instruction in the arts and...

, Columbia
Columbia University
Columbia University in the City of New York is a private, Ivy League university in Manhattan, New York City. Columbia is the oldest institution of higher learning in the state of New York, the fifth oldest in the United States, and one of the country's nine Colonial Colleges founded before the...

, Georgetown
Georgetown University
Georgetown University is a private, Jesuit, research university whose main campus is in the Georgetown neighborhood of Washington, D.C. Founded in 1789, it is the oldest Catholic university in the United States...

, Middlebury
Middlebury College
Middlebury College is a private liberal arts college located in Middlebury, Vermont, USA. Founded in 1800, it is one of the oldest liberal arts colleges in the United States. Drawing 2,400 undergraduates from all 50 United States and over 70 countries, Middlebury offers 44 majors in the arts,...

, Yale
Yale University
Yale University is a private, Ivy League university located in New Haven, Connecticut, United States. Founded in 1701 in the Colony of Connecticut, the university is the third-oldest institution of higher education in the United States...

, and an Ivy League
Ivy League
The Ivy League is an athletic conference comprising eight private institutions of higher education in the Northeastern United States. The conference name is also commonly used to refer to those eight schools as a group...

 conglomerate. Snatching 24.76 percent of the vote, Onward State finished in first place, pleasantly surprising the Penn State bloggers. The Daily Collegian first acknowledged Onward State at the time of the blog's victory. The two Collegian articles brought greater awareness of the blog to the university's community. In an interview with The Collegian about next year's contest, Davis Shaver explained "We have big ambitions... I think that we're just going to be more established, more of a name within the Penn State community by then. There is a strong possibility of being Alternative Media repeat champions."

The student-run humor magazine is Phroth, which publishes two to four issues each year. Its roots date back to 1909 when it was called Froth. Several Froth writers and editors have gone on to win fame: Julius J. Epstein
Julius J. Epstein
Julius J. Epstein was an American screenwriter, who had a long career, best remembered for the adaptation - in partnership with his twin brother, Philip, and others - of the unproduced play Everybody Comes to Rick's that became the screenplay for the film Casablanca , for which its team of writers...

 wrote the screenplay for the film Casablanca
Casablanca (film)
Casablanca is a 1942 American romantic drama film directed by Michael Curtiz, starring Humphrey Bogart, Ingrid Bergman and Paul Henreid, and featuring Claude Rains, Conrad Veidt, Sydney Greenstreet, Peter Lorre and Dooley Wilson. Set during World War II, it focuses on a man torn between, in...

 (1942) and won three Academy Awards; Jimmy Dugan wrote for the Saturday Evening Post, National Geographic, and The New York Times; and Ronald Bonn was a producer with NBC Nightly News
NBC Nightly News
NBC Nightly News is the flagship daily evening television news program for NBC News and broadcasts. NBC Nightly News has aired from Studio 3B, located on floors 3 of the NBC Studios is the headquarters of the GE Building forms the centerpiece of 30th Rockefeller Center it is located in the center...

 and CBS Evening News
CBS Evening News
CBS Evening News is the flagship nightly television news program of the American television network CBS. The network has broadcast this program since 1948, and has used the CBS Evening News title since 1963....

.

Kalliope is an undergraduate literary magazine produced by students and sponsored by the university's English Department. Kalliope includes works of fiction, nonfiction, poetry, and visual art. The student-run life and style magazine is Valley.
Allegations of discrimination

Penn State has been the subject of controversy for several issues of discrimination.
Following some violent attacks on African-Americans in downtown State College in 1988 and complaints that Penn State was not adequately recruiting African-American faculty and students to representative population levels, student activists occupied Old Main and demanded that Penn State do more to recruit minority students and address intolerance toward minority students on campus, as well as in the local community. After President Bryce Jordan canceled a promised meeting with students and organizations in the Paul Robeson Cultural Center on April 8, 1988, 250 students and activists nonviolently occupied Penn State's Telecommunications building on campus. The following morning, 50 state troopers and 45 local and campus police, equipped with helmets, batons, and rubber gloves, entered the building as the crowd outside sang “We Shall Overcome”, arresting 89 individuals for trespassing. All charges were later dismissed.

In 1990 a vice provost for educational equity was appointed to lead a five-year strategic plan to "create an environment characterized by equal access and respected participation for all groups and individuals irrespective of cultural differences." Since then, discrimination issues include the handling of death threats in 1992 and 2001, controversy around LGBT
LGBT
LGBT is an initialism that collectively refers to "lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender" people. In use since the 1990s, the term "LGBT" is an adaptation of the initialism "LGB", which itself started replacing the phrase "gay community" beginning in the mid-to-late 1980s, which many within the...

 issues, and the investigation of a 2006 sexual discrimination lawsuit filed by former Lady Lions basketball player Jennifer Harris
Jennifer Harris
Jennifer Harris is a former player of the Pennsylvania State University Lady Lions basketball team.-High school:Harris played for Central Dauphin High School in Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, where she was named a WBCA All-American...

, alleging that head coach Rene Portland
Rene Portland
Maureen Theresa "Rene" Muth Portland is an American former head women's college basketball coach known for her 27-year tenure with the Penn State Lady Lions basketball team. Her career resume includes 21 NCAA tournament appearances including a Final Four appearance in 2000, five Big Ten Conference...

 dismissed her from the team in part due to her perceived sexual orientation.
Other

Every February, thousands of students participate in the Penn State Dance Marathon
Penn State Dance Marathon
The Penn State IFC/Panhellenic Dance Marathon, commonly referred to as THON, is a two day Dance Marathon that takes place every February at the Pennsylvania State University with the purpose of raising money to combat pediatric cancer...

 (THON), which has been "dubbed by supporters as the world's largest student-run philanthropy." In previous years, participants stood for 48 hours nonstop and performed a line dance at least once every hour to stay alert. In 2007, THON was moved to the Bryce Jordan Center and now lasts 46 hours. THON raises millions of dollars annually for pediatric cancer care and research, generally through the Four Diamonds Fund
Four Diamonds Fund
The Four Diamonds Fund is a charitable organization based out of Penn State Milton S. Hershey Medical Center. Its ultimate objective is to "conquer childhood cancer"....

. In 2010, THON raised more than $7.83 million, and a record $9,563,016.09 in 2011.

The 22,000+ student section at home football games is the largest concentrated student section in the nation. However, the university has the lowest percentage of students given the opportunity to purchase season in tickets in the Big Ten, and one of the lowest in the nation at just 25.25% (it should be noted that this percentage includes students at all 24 campuses statewide; the student section is approximately 50% of the students attending the University Park campus). Conversely, Ohio State University
Ohio State University
The Ohio State University, commonly referred to as Ohio State, is a public research university located in Columbus, Ohio. It was originally founded in 1870 as a land-grant university and is currently the third largest university campus in the United States...

, with a student section of 29,000 tickets has seats for 57.16% of their students. Penn State students were listed number one in the "students who pack the stands" category of the 2009 Princeton Review survey. Due to a change in the way seating is assigned, beginning in 1993 tradition has been for students to camp outside of the stadium on the days leading up to important games, and beginning in 2005 the campsite has been called "Paternoville."

Commonwealth campuses

In addition to the University Park campus, 19 campus locations
Satellite campus
A satellite campus or branch campus is a campus of a college or university that is physically detached from the main university or college area, and is often smaller than the main campus of an institution....

 throughout the state offer enrollment for undergraduate students. Over 60 percent of Penn State first-year students begin their education at a location other than University Park. All of these satellite campuses offer a limited number of degree programs, but any student in good academic standing is guaranteed a spot at University Park to finish his or her degree if required or desired. Most students do complete their degree program at University Park (known as "change of assignment," since commonwealth campuses are subsidiary to University Park and therefore "transferring" is an inaccurate term).

Special-mission campuses

The Dickinson School of Law of The Pennsylvania State University
Dickinson School of Law
Penn State University Dickinson School of Law is the law school of The Pennsylvania State University...

 was founded in 1834 and is the oldest law school in Pennsylvania. It merged with Penn State in 2000. Students now have the choice of studying in either Carlisle or University Park, with classes teleconferenced between the two locations using high-tech audiovisual equipment. The school is ranked among the top 100 law schools nationally. It has produced a number of governors, members of congress, and judges. A number of attorneys comprise the faculty and lead several centers and institutes devoted to specific practice areas. The school's alternative dispute resolution program is ranked among the top 10 nationally. The law school also houses the School of International Affairs.

The Penn State Great Valley School of Graduate Professional Studies
Penn State Great Valley School of Graduate Professional Studies
Penn State Great Valley School of Graduate Professional Studies is a special mission campus graduate school of the Pennsylvania State University, located in Malvern, northwest of Philadelphia in the United States. Academic programs include education, engineering, MBA, and management...

 is a special mission campus offering master's degrees, master's certification, and continuing professional education. Located in Malvern
Malvern, Pennsylvania
Malvern is a borough in Chester County, Pennsylvania, United States. The population was 2,998 at the 2010 census. The main road through the borough is King Street, although the borough is also bordered by Paoli Pike on the south, and is near US 30 on the north. The primary cross street is Warren...

, Pennsylvania, it also offers classes at the old Philadelphia Naval Shipyard
Philadelphia Naval Shipyard
The Philadelphia Naval Business Center, formerly known as the Philadelphia Naval Shipyard and Philadelphia Navy Yard, was the first naval shipyard of the United States. The U.S. Navy reduced its activities there in the 1990s, and ended most of them on September 30, 1995...

.

Penn State Hershey Medical Center and College of Medicine
Penn State Hershey Medical Center
Penn State Milton S. Hershey Medical Center, located in Hershey, Pennsylvania, 10 miles east of Harrisburg, is Penn State’s medical school and academic medical center, and is the only medical school and university hospital in Pennsylvania located outside the urban areas of Philadelphia and...

 in Hershey
Hershey, Pennsylvania
Hershey is a census-designated place in Derry Township, Dauphin County in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. The community is located 14 miles east of Harrisburg and is part of the Harrisburg–Carlisle Metropolitan Statistical Area. Hershey has no legal status as an incorporated municipality...

, Pennsylvania, is the university's medical school and teaching hospital. Penn State Milton S. Hershey Medical Center has become only the ninth hospital in the United States and 16th worldwide to implant the CardioWest temporary Total Artificial Heart when a 60-year-old man suffering from end-stage heart failure received the device in May 2008.

Pennsylvania College of Technology
Pennsylvania College of Technology
Pennsylvania College of Technology, or Penn College, is a public college located in Williamsport, Pennsylvania, affiliated with The Pennsylvania State University. As an applied technology college, the school offers certificate, associate and baccalaureate degree programs in more than 100 fields of...

, in Williamsport
Williamsport, Pennsylvania
Williamsport is a city in and the county seat of Lycoming County, Pennsylvania in the United States. In 2009, the population was estimated at 29,304...

, Pennsylvania, offers certificates as well as degrees in over 10 technical fields.

In 1998, the university launched Penn State World Campus
Penn State World Campus
Penn State World Campus is a distance education educational institution that specializes in adult education. The Pennsylvania State University launched Penn State World Campus, its 25th campus, in 1998...

, or Penn State Online, which offers more than 60 online education programs, degrees, and certificates. Distance education has a long history at Penn State, one of the first universities in the country to offer a correspondence course for remote farmers in 1892. Examples of online programs include an MBA, master of professional studies in homeland security, a bachelor of science in nursing, and postbaccalaureate certificates in geographic information systems and applied behavior analysis. Penn State's World Campus offers 18 graduate degrees, 21 graduate certificates, 17 undergraduate degrees, and 11 undergraduate certificates. World Campus students come from all 50 U.S. states, more than 40 countries, and six continents.

Colleges

The University Park campus is organized into fourteen distinct colleges:
  • College of Agricultural Sciences
    Penn State University College of Agricultural Sciences
    The first of the colleges established at Pennsylvania State University, the College of Agricultural Sciences awarded the nation’s first baccalaureate degrees in agriculture in 1861....

  • College of Arts and Architecture
  • Smeal College of Business
    Smeal College of Business
    The Smeal College of Business is the business school of Penn State University, University Park, Pennsylvania. It was founded in 1953, and is named after Mary Jean and Frank Smeal. The College offers undergraduate, graduate, doctoral degrees, including a Master of Business Administration Program,...

  • College of Communications
    Penn State College of Communications
    The College of Communications is the journalism and mass communications college of the Pennsylvania State University at the University Park campus. The college offers undergraduate, masters, and PhD degrees. The college is home to the departments of Advertising/Public Relations,Film-Video and...

  • College of Earth and Mineral Sciences
    Penn State College of Earth and Mineral Sciences
    The College of Earth and Mineral Sciences is a constituent, semi-autonomous part of Penn State University, University Park, Pennsylvania.The College was founded in 1896 as a School of Mines, but, over time, diversified becoming the College of Earth and Mineral Sciences...

  • College of Education
  • College of Engineering
    Penn State College of Engineering
    The Penn State College of Engineering is the engineering school of the Pennsylvania State University. It was established in 1896, under the leadership of George W. Atherton...

  • Penn State College of Health and Human Development
  • College of Information Sciences and Technology
    Penn State College of Information Sciences and Technology
    The College of Information Sciences and Technology, also known as IST, was opened in 1999 in response to the rapidly growing need in almost every field for leadership in information sciences and technology...

  • College of the Liberal Arts
  • Eberly College of Science
    Eberly College of Science
    The Eberly College of Science is the science college of Penn State University, University Park, Pennsylvania. It was founded in 1859 by Jacob S. Whitman, professor of natural science. The College offers baccalaureate, masters, and doctoral degree programs in the basic sciences.Daniel J...

  • Graduate School
    Penn State Graduate School
    Penn State Graduate School is the university organization in charge of the admission, matriculation and graduation of all graduate students...

  • Schreyer Honors College
    Schreyer Honors College
    The Schreyer Honors College is the honors program of the Pennsylvania State University. Founded in 1980 as the University Scholars Program, it was expanded and renamed in 1997 in response to a $30 million gift by William and Joan Schreyer...

  • School of Nursing

  • In addition, the university's Board of Trustees voted in January 2007 to create a School of International Affairs
    School of International Affairs
    The School of International Affairs was officially launched on July 1, 2007, having been approved by Pennsylvania State University's Board of Trustees in January 2007. The school is administratively part of the Dickinson School of Law at its University Park campus location...

    , with the first classes admitted in the fall 2008 semester. The school is part of the Dickinson School of Law
    Dickinson School of Law
    Penn State University Dickinson School of Law is the law school of The Pennsylvania State University...

     at its University Park
    University Park, Pennsylvania
    University Park, Pennsylvania is an unincorporated community in Centre County, Pennsylvania, United States, and is the location of the flagship campus of the Pennsylvania State University....

     campus location.

    As of 2008, the School of Nursing was added to the list as a separate college.

    Organization and administration

    Penn State is a "state-related" university, part of Pennsylvania's Commonwealth System of Higher Education
    Commonwealth System of Higher Education
    The Commonwealth System of Higher Education is the organizing body of Pennsylvania's "state-related" schools, which allows the independent control of the universities while supplying them with the public funds needed for operations at each institution. Universities in the System are considered...

    . As such, although it receives funding from the Commonwealth and is connected to the state through its board of trustees, it is otherwise independent and not subject to the state's direct control. For the 2006–2007 fiscal year, the university received 9.7 percent of its budget from state appropriations, the lowest of the four state-related institutions in Pennsylvania. Initial reports concerning the 2007–2008 fiscal year indicated that Pennsylvania Governor Ed Rendell
    Ed Rendell
    Edward Gene "Ed" Rendell is an American politician who served as the 45th Governor of Pennsylvania. Rendell, a member of the Democratic Party, was elected Governor of Pennsylvania in 2002, and his term of office began January 21, 2003...

     is recommending a 1.6 percent increase in state appropriations. Penn State's appropriation request, submitted to the Pennsylvania Department of Education in September, requested a 6.8 percent increase in funding.

    Board of Trustees

    The university is governed by the 32-member board of trustees. Its members include the university's president, the Governor of the Commonwealth, and the state Secretaries of Agriculture, Education, and Conservation and Natural Resources. The other members include six trustees appointed by the Governor, nine elected by alumni, and six elected by Pennsylvania agricultural societies. Six additional trustees are elected by a board representing business and industry enterprises. Undergraduate students do not elect any trustees; the court case Benner v. Oswald
    Benner v. Oswald
    Benner v. Oswald, 592 F.2d 174 , was a case about the voting rights of undergraduate students at a public American university.-Facts:...

     ruled that the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment did not require the undergraduate students be allowed to participate in the selection of trustees.

    As of 2009, the chair of the board of trustees was James S. Broadhurst, a 1965 graduate of Penn State and CEO of Eat'n Park Hospitality Group, Inc.
    Eat'n Park
    Eat'n Park is a restaurant chain based in Homestead, Pennsylvania with over 75 locations in Ohio, Pennsylvania, and West Virginia. The chain is known for its Smiley Cookies.-History:...



    The main responsibilities of the board are to select the president of Penn State, to determine the goals and strategic direction of the University, and to approve the annual budget. Regular meetings of the board are held bi-monthly and take place primarily on the University Park campus, although on occasion meetings are held at other locations within the Commonwealth.

    Current Membership as of November 17, 2011

    Members ex officio
    • Tom Corbett
      Tom Corbett
      Thomas W. Corbett is the 46th and current Governor of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, United States. He is a former Attorney General of Pennsylvania and was elected to that office in 2004 and reelected in 2008...

      , Governor, Commonwealth of Pennsylvania
    • Rodney Erickson
      Rodney Erickson
      Rodney A. Erickson, Ph.D. is the president of Pennsylvania State University. Formerly executive vice president and provost , he was named interim president of Penn State on November 9, 2011 after previous president Graham Spanier was forced to resign in the wake of the Penn State sex abuse scandal...

      , President, The Pennsylvania State University (Secretary of the Board of Trustees)
    • George D. Greig, Secretary, Pennsylvania Department of Agriculture
      Pennsylvania Department of Agriculture
      Pennsylvania Department of Agriculture is a cabinet-level agency in Pennsylvania. The Department is responsible for encouraging, protecting and promoting agriculture and related industries throughout the commonwealth while providing consumer protection through inspection services that impact the...

    • Richard J. Allan, Secretary, Pennsylvania Department of Conservation and Natural Resources
      Pennsylvania Department of Conservation and Natural Resources
      The Pennsylvania Department of Conservation and Natural Resources , established on July 1, 1995, is the agency in the U.S. State of Pennsylvania responsible for maintaining and preserving the state's 117 state parks and 20 state forests; providing information on the state's natural resources; and...

    • Ronald J. Tomalis, Secretary, Pennsylvania Department of Education
      Pennsylvania Department of Education
      The Pennsylvania Department of Education is the executive department of the state charged with K-12 and adult educational budgeting, management and guidelines. As the state education agency, its activities are directed by Pennsylvania's Secretary of Education, Gerald L. Zahorchak...



    Note: The date in parentheses following each name below indicates the year in which the term will expire. Trustees appointed by the Governor serve until their successors have been appointed and confirmed.

    Appointed by the Governor
    • Alvin H. Clemens (2012) Past Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, The Provident
    • Mark H. Dambly (2014) President, Pennrose Properties, LLC
    • Michael F. DiBerardinis (2012) Deputy Mayor for Environmental and Community Resources, City of Philadelphia; Commissioner, Department of Parks and Recreation
    • Peter A. Khoury (2014) Undergraduate Student, The Pennsylvania State University
    • Ira M. Lubert (2013) Chairman and Co-founder, Independence Capital Partners and Lubert Adler Partners L.P.
    • Paul H. Silvis (2013) Head Coach, SilcoTek


    Elected by Alumni
    • Marianne E. Alexander (2014) President Emerita of the Public Leadership Education Network
      Public Leadership Education Network
      Public Leadership Education Network is a nonprofit organization based in Washington, D.C.. PLEN offers six annual seminars and a summer public policy internship to college women throughout the nation. Students meet and learn from women of influence in D.C...

       and CEO of Big Spoon Enterprises
    • H. Jesse Arnelle
      Jesse Arnelle
      Hugh Jesse Arnelle is a retired American basketball player and attorney.-Athletics:He played American football and basketball for Penn State University. He led the basketball team to the 1954 NCAA Final Four. He was named an All-American that season...

       (2014) Attorney
    • Stephanie N. Deviney (2013) Attorney at Law, Fox Rothschild LLP
    • Steve A. Garban (2013) Senior Vice President for Finance and Operations/Treasurer Emeritus, The Pennsylvania State University; Chairman of the Board of Trustees
    • David R. Jones (2012) Assistant Managing Editor (Retired), The New York Times
      The New York Times
      The New York Times is an American daily newspaper founded and continuously published in New York City since 1851. The New York Times has won 106 Pulitzer Prizes, the most of any news organization...

    • David M. Joyner
      David M. Joyner
      David M. Joyner is an orthopedic physician, a member of the Penn State University Board of Trustees, and the current Acting Athletic Director for Penn State.-Biography:...

       (2012) Corporate Medical Director and Partner, Occupational Athletics Incorporated, Current Penn State Acting Athletic Director
    • Joel N. Myers
      Joel N. Myers
      Joel N. Myers is founder, president and chairman of the board of AccuWeather, Inc., an American commercial weather service. AccuWeather provides forecasts and data to over 175,000 clients around the world and serves millions more through its free website, AccuWeather.com...

       (2014) President, AccuWeather
      AccuWeather
      AccuWeather is an American media company that provides for-profit weather forecasting services worldwide.AccuWeather was founded in 1962 by Joel N. Myers, then a Penn State graduate student working on degrees in meteorology. His first customer was a gas company in Pennsylvania. While running the...

      , Incorporated
    • Anne Riley (2012) Teacher
    • Paul V. Suhey (2013) Orthopedic Surgeon, Martin & Suhey Orthopedics


    Elected by delegates from agricultural societies
    • Keith W. Eckel (2013) Sole Proprietor and President, Fred W. Eckel and Sons Farms, Incorporated
    • Samuel E. Hayes, Jr. (2013)
    • Barron L. Hetherington (2012) Special Advisor to the Governor, PA Department of Agriculture; Owner, B & R Farms
    • Betsy E. Huber (2014) Immediate Past Master, Pennsylvania State Grange
      Grange
      -Buildings:* Grange House , Bo'ness, Scotland, built in 1564, and demolished in 1906* Hamilton Grange National Memorial, a historic house in New York City...

    • Keith E. Masser (2014) Chairman & Chief Executive Officer, Sterman Masser, Inc.
      Sterman Masser, Inc.
      Sterman Masser, Inc. runs Masser Potato Farms, an eighth-generation family-owned potato farming company located in Pennsylvania.The actual farmland spans roughly in three states, with cash grain and of potatoes. Masser Potato Farms also operates a packing plant with the ability to pack and...

    • Carl T. Shaffer (2012) President, Pennsylvania Farm Bureau
      American Farm Bureau Federation
      The American Farm Bureau Federation , commonly referred to as the Farm Bureau, is a nonprofit organization and the largest general farm organization in the United States...



    Elected by Board representing business and industry
    • James S. Broadhurst (2014) Chairman, Eat'n Park Hospitality Group, Incorporated
    • Kenneth C. Frazier
      Kenneth Frazier
      Kenneth Carleton Frazier is the President and CEO of Merck & Co., and is the first African American to serve as the CEO of a pharmaceutical company.Frazier, who joined Merck in 1992, became general counsel of the company in 2006...

       (2012) President & Chief Executive Officer, Merck & Company, Incorporated
    • Edward R. Hintz, Jr. (2012) President, Hintz Capital Management, Incorporated
    • Karen B. Peetz (2013) Vice Chairman, CEO of Financial Markets and Treasury Services, Bank of New York Mellon
      Bank of New York Mellon
      The Bank of New York Mellon Corporation is a global financial services company formed on July 1, 2007 as result of the merger of The Bank of New York and Mellon Financial Corporation...

    • Linda B. Strumpf (2014) Retired Chief Investment Officer, The Helmsley Charitable Trust
      The Leona M. and Harry B. Helmsley Charitable Trust
      The Leona M. and Harry B. Helmsley Charitable Trust is a foundation established in 1999 and administered by four Trustees selected by Leona Helmsley. The Trust supports a wide range of organizations with a major focus on health and medical research, in addition to conservation, education, social...

    • John P. Surma
      John P. Surma
      John P. Surma is the chief executive officer and chairman of the board of United States Steel Corporation.-Biography:Surma received his bachelor’s in accounting in 1976 from Pennsylvania State University, following which he joined Price Waterhouse, in 1987, he was admitted as a partner...

       (2013) Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, United States Steel Corporation; Vice Chairman of the Board of Trustees


    Emeriti
    Emeritus
    Emeritus is a post-positive adjective that is used to designate a retired professor, bishop, or other professional or as a title. The female equivalent emerita is also sometimes used.-History:...

     trustees
    • Charles C. Brosius, Retired President, Marlboro Mushrooms
    • Walter J. Conti, Retired Owner, Cross Keys Inn/Pipersville Inn
    • Donald M. Cook, Jr., Retired President, SEMCOR, Incorporated
    • Marian U. Barash Coppersmith, Retired Chairman of the Board, The Barash Group
    • Robert M. Frey, Attorney-at-Law, Frey & Tiley, P.C.
    • J. Lloyd Huck
      Lloyd Huck
      John Lloyd Huck is a retired chairman of the board of the pharmaceutical firm Merck & Co., a former Penn State trustee and a current member of the Grand Destiny Campaign's steering committee...

      , Retired Chairman of the Board, Merck and Company, Incorporated
    • Edward P. Junker, III, Retired Vice Chairman, PNC Bank Corporation
    • Roger A. Madigan, Retired State Senator, 23rd Senatorial District
    • Robert D. Metzgar, Former President, North Penn Pipe & Supply, Incorporated
    • Barry K. Robinson, Attorney-at-Law
    • L. J. Rowell, Jr., Retired Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, Provident Mutual Life Insurance
    • Cecile M. Springer, President, Springer Associates
    • Helen D. Wise
      Helen Wise
      Helen D. Wise is a former Democratic member of the Pennsylvania House of Representatives.-References:...

      , Former Deputy Chief of Staff for Programs and Secretary of the Cabinet, Governor's Office
    • Boyd E. Wolff, Retired, Owner and Operator Wolfden Farms
    • Quentin E. Wood, Retired Chairman of the Board and Chief Executive Officer, Quaker State Corporation
    • Edward P. Zemprelli, Attorney

    Administration

    The president of the University is selected by the board and is given the authority for actual control of the university, including day-to-day management. In practice, part of this responsibility is delegated by the president to other departments of the administration, to the faculty, and to the student body. Provost Rodney Erickson
    Rodney Erickson
    Rodney A. Erickson, Ph.D. is the president of Pennsylvania State University. Formerly executive vice president and provost , he was named interim president of Penn State on November 9, 2011 after previous president Graham Spanier was forced to resign in the wake of the Penn State sex abuse scandal...

     became President on November 9, 2011, after President Graham Spanier
    Graham Spanier
    Graham B. Spanier is an American academic, who served as the 16th president of the Pennsylvania State University from September 1, 1995, until he was forced to resign on November 9, 2011, in the aftermath of the Penn State child sex abuse scandal...

     was fired in the aftermath of the Jerry Sandusky child sexual abuse scandal.

    The executive vice president and provost is the chief academic officer of the University. As of November 2012, the provost is Rob Pangborn, and the Associate Vice President and Senior Associate Dean For Undergraduate Education is Jeremy Cohen.

    Student Government

    The university has a long history of student government with student inclusion in university decision-making capacities, as provided for in the Board of Trustee's Standing Orders. The University Park Undergraduate Association (UPUA) is the student government
    Student governments in the United States
    In the United States, these groups are often known as student government, associated students, student senate, or less commonly a student's union...

     of the 38,594 undergraduate students at Penn State's University Park campus. UPUA is composed of an Assembly of Student Representatives, an Executive Board, and a Board of Arbitration. UPUA is currently led by President TJ Bard and Vice President Courtney Lennartz. The Assembly is the legislative body of UPUA and is composed of many elected positions whose constituencies range from all of the academic units of Penn State to the areas of residency.

    There are also student governance bodies in each college. The most prominent college councils include the Earth and Mineral Science Student Council and the Liberal Arts Undergraduate Council. In addition, students that live in the residence halls are represented by the Association of Residence Hall Students (ARHS) acts as an independent student organization, addressing on-campus issues. Each of the residence areas on the University Park campus also features its own association.

    The commonwealth campuses of the university are governed by the Council of Commonwealth Student Governments (CCSG), formerly known as the Council of Branch Campus Student Governments (CBCSG). CCSG meets typically three times a semester at University Park, with two representatives from each commonwealth campus. The CCSG Central Staff, while based out of the University Park Campus, deals with issues affecting commonwealth campus students. CCSG is the oldest undergraduate student government at Penn State and is currently led by President Peter Khoury and Vice President Justin Cortes.

    Academics

    The 2010 Academic Ranking of World Universities
    Academic Ranking of World Universities
    The Academic Ranking of World Universities , commonly known as the Shanghai ranking, is a publication that was founded and compiled by the Shanghai Jiaotong University to rank universities globally. The rankings have been conducted since 2003 and updated annually...

     ranks the university 43rd among universities worldwide. U.S. News & World Report
    U.S. News & World Report
    U.S. News & World Report is an American news magazine published from Washington, D.C. Along with Time and Newsweek it was for many years a leading news weekly, focusing more than its counterparts on political, economic, health and education stories...

     ranks the university's undergraduate program 45th in its 2012 American's Best College. In 2011, the university was also ranked 94th in the QS World University Rankings
    QS World University Rankings
    The QS World University Rankings is a ranking of the world’s top 500 universities by Quacquarelli Symonds using a method that has published annually since 2004....

    .

    According to a Wall Street Journal
    The Wall Street Journal
    The Wall Street Journal is an American English-language international daily newspaper. It is published in New York City by Dow Jones & Company, a division of News Corporation, along with the Asian and European editions of the Journal....

     survey released in September 2010, the university was ranked number 1 among 479 corporate recruiting executives who were asked to identify "whose bachelor degree graduates were the best-trained and educated, and best able to succeed once hired."

    Education

    As of September 2009, only 24 Pennsylvania colleges and universities held Association to Advance Collegiate Schools of Business
    Association to Advance Collegiate Schools of Business
    The Association to Advance Collegiate Schools of Business was founded in 1916 to accredit schools of business worldwide. The first accreditations took place in 1919. The stated mission is to advance quality management education worldwide through accreditation and thought leadership. It is regarded...

     accreditation in business and only four in accounting. The Smeal College of Business
    Smeal College of Business
    The Smeal College of Business is the business school of Penn State University, University Park, Pennsylvania. It was founded in 1953, and is named after Mary Jean and Frank Smeal. The College offers undergraduate, graduate, doctoral degrees, including a Master of Business Administration Program,...

    , The Sam and Irene Black School of Business
    Sam and Irene Black School of Business
    The Sam and Irene Black School of Business is the business school of Pennsylvania State University – Erie, The Behrend College, in Erie, Pennsylvania. Penn State Erie is a part of the Pennsylvania State University commonwealth system...

    , Penn State Harrisburg
    Penn State Harrisburg
    Penn State Harrisburg, also called The Capital College, is an undergraduate college and graduate school of the Pennsylvania State University. The main campus of Penn State Harrisburg is located in Lower Swatara Township, 9 miles south of Harrisburg...

    , and Penn State Great Valley
    Penn State Great Valley School of Graduate Professional Studies
    Penn State Great Valley School of Graduate Professional Studies is a special mission campus graduate school of the Pennsylvania State University, located in Malvern, northwest of Philadelphia in the United States. Academic programs include education, engineering, MBA, and management...

     were among the institutions accredited.

    The university offers an accelerated Premedical
    Pre-medical
    Pre-medical is a term used to describe a track an undergraduate student in the United States pursues prior to becoming a medical student...

    -Medical
    Medical education in the United States
    Medical education in the United States includes educational activities involved in the education and training of medical doctors in the United States, from entry-level training through to continuing education of qualified specialists....

     Program in cooperation with Jefferson Medical College
    Thomas Jefferson University
    Thomas Jefferson University is a private health sciences university in Center City, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in the United States. The university consists of six constituent colleges and schools, Jefferson Medical College, Jefferson College of Graduate Studies, Jefferson School of Health...

    . Students in the program spend two or three years at the university before attending medical school at Jefferson.

    Recently, a joint venture between the Eberly College of Science
    Eberly College of Science
    The Eberly College of Science is the science college of Penn State University, University Park, Pennsylvania. It was founded in 1859 by Jacob S. Whitman, professor of natural science. The College offers baccalaureate, masters, and doctoral degree programs in the basic sciences.Daniel J...

     and the Smeal College of Business
    Smeal College of Business
    The Smeal College of Business is the business school of Penn State University, University Park, Pennsylvania. It was founded in 1953, and is named after Mary Jean and Frank Smeal. The College offers undergraduate, graduate, doctoral degrees, including a Master of Business Administration Program,...

     created an integrated undergraduate/graduate program to give highly motivated students the opportunity to receive a Bachelor's Degree in Science and an MBA two to five years sooner than those pursuing a traditional path. The BS/MBA Program prepares individuals to be future leaders of the world's scientific organizations and is led by Mr. Peter Tombros and Dr. James Gardner.

    Research

    According to the Carnegie Classification of Institutions of Higher Education
    Carnegie Classification of Institutions of Higher Education
    The Carnegie Classification of Institutions of Higher Education is a framework for classifying, or grouping, colleges and universities in the United States. The primary purpose of the framework is for educational research and analysis, where it is often important to identify groups of roughly...

    , the university is a research university with very high research activity. Over 10,000 students are enrolled in the university's graduate school (including the law and medical schools), and over 70,000 degrees have been awarded since the school was founded in 1922.

    Penn State's research and development expenditure has been on the rise in recent years. For fiscal year 2007, the National Science Foundation
    National Science Foundation
    The National Science Foundation is a United States government agency that supports fundamental research and education in all the non-medical fields of science and engineering. Its medical counterpart is the National Institutes of Health...

     reported that Penn State had spent $652,144,000 on R&D and ranked 11th among U.S. universities and colleges in R&D spending.
    For the 2008–2009 fiscal year, Penn State was ranked ninth among U.S. universities by the National Science Foundation
    National Science Foundation
    The National Science Foundation is a United States government agency that supports fundamental research and education in all the non-medical fields of science and engineering. Its medical counterpart is the National Institutes of Health...

    , with $753 million in research and development spending for science and engineering. During the 2009–2010 fiscal year, Penn State received $780 million in research expenditures.

    The Applied Research Lab (ARL), located near the University Park
    University Park, Pennsylvania
    University Park, Pennsylvania is an unincorporated community in Centre County, Pennsylvania, United States, and is the location of the flagship campus of the Pennsylvania State University....

     campus, has been a research partner with the United States Department of Defense
    United States Department of Defense
    The United States Department of Defense is the U.S...

     since 1945 and conducts research primarily in support of the United States Navy
    United States Navy
    The United States Navy is the naval warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces and one of the seven uniformed services of the United States. The U.S. Navy is the largest in the world; its battle fleet tonnage is greater than that of the next 13 largest navies combined. The U.S...

    . It is the largest component of Penn State's research efforts statewide, with over 1,000 researchers and other staff members.

    The Materials Research Institute was created to coordinate the highly diverse and growing materials activities across Penn State's University Park campus. With more than 200 faculty in 15 departments, 4 colleges, and 2 Department of Defense research laboratories, MRI was designed to break down the academic walls that traditionally divide disciplines and thereby enable faculty to collaborate across departmental and even college boundaries. MRI has become a model for this interdisciplinary approach to research, both within and outside the university.

    The university was one of the founding members of the Worldwide Universities Network
    Worldwide Universities Network
    The Worldwide Universities Network is an invitation-only group of research-led universities that have agreed to carry out research and research training on a collaborative basis...

     (WUN), a partnership that includes 17 research-led universities in the United States, Asia, and Europe. The network provides funding, facilitates collaboration between universities, and coordinates exchanges of faculty members and graduate students among institutions. Former Penn State president Graham Spanier
    Graham Spanier
    Graham B. Spanier is an American academic, who served as the 16th president of the Pennsylvania State University from September 1, 1995, until he was forced to resign on November 9, 2011, in the aftermath of the Penn State child sex abuse scandal...

     is a former vice-chair of the WUN.

    The Pennsylvania State University Libraries were ranked 14th among research libraries in North America in the 2003–2004 survey released by The Chronicle of Higher Education
    The Chronicle of Higher Education
    The Chronicle of Higher Education is a newspaper and website that presents news, information, and jobs for college and university faculty, staff members and administrators....

    .

    The university's library system began with a 1,500-book library in Old Main. In 2009, its holdings had grown to 5.2 million volumes, in addition to 500,000 maps, five million microforms, and 180,000 films and videos.

    The university is the home of CiteSeerX
    CiteSeerX
    CiteSeerX is a public search engine and digital library and repository for scientific and academic papers with a focus on computer and information science. It is loosely based on the previous CiteSeer search engine and digital library and is built with a new open source infrastructure, SeerSuite,...

    , one of the most prominent open-access repositories and search engines in computer and information sciences.

    The campus is also host to a Radiation Science & Engineering Center
    Pennsylvania State University Radiation Science & Engineering Center
    The Pennsylvania State University Radiation Science & Engineering Center houses the Breazeale Nuclear Reactor . This reactor is the oldest operating in the nation and has undergone numerous power upgrades, renovations, and other changes. The reactor serves the research purposes of the as well...

    , which houses the oldest operating university research reactor
    Research reactor
    Research reactors are nuclear reactors that serve primarily as a neutron source. They are also called non-power reactors, in contrast to power reactors that are used for electricity production, heat generation, or maritime propulsion.-Purpose:...

    . Additionally, University Park houses the Graduate Program in Acoustics, the only freestanding acoustics program in the United States.

    Athletics


    Penn State's mascot is the Nittany Lion
    Nittany Lion
    This article is about the Penn State mascot. For the Penn State fight song see "The Nittany Lion ".The Nittany Lion is the mascot of the Pennsylvania State University in University Park, Pennsylvania, USA and its athletic teams. It refers to the mountain lions that once roamed near the school, and...

    , a representation of a type of mountain lion that once roamed what is now University Park. The school's official colors, now blue and white, were originally black and dark pink. Penn State participates in the NCAA
    National Collegiate Athletic Association
    The National Collegiate Athletic Association is a semi-voluntary association of 1,281 institutions, conferences, organizations and individuals that organizes the athletic programs of many colleges and universities in the United States...

     Division I-A and in the Big Ten Conference
    Big Ten Conference
    The Big Ten Conference is the United States' oldest Division I college athletic conference. Its twelve member institutions are located primarily in the Midwestern United States, stretching from Nebraska in the west to Pennsylvania in the east...

     for most sports.
    A few sports participate in different conferences: men's volleyball in the Eastern Intercollegiate Volleyball Association
    Eastern Intercollegiate Volleyball Association
    The Eastern Intercollegiate Volleyball Association is a college athletic conference whose member schools compete in men's volleyball. Its member institutions are located in the Northeast United States....

     (EIVA); men's lacrosse
    Lacrosse
    Lacrosse is a team sport of Native American origin played using a small rubber ball and a long-handled stick called a crosse or lacrosse stick, mainly played in the United States and Canada. It is a contact sport which requires padding. The head of the lacrosse stick is strung with loose mesh...

     in the Colonial Athletic Association
    Colonial Athletic Association
    The Colonial Athletic Association is a NCAA Division I college athletic conference whose full-time members are located in East Coast states from Massachusetts to Georgia. Most of its members are public universities, with five in Virginia alone, and the conference is headquartered in Richmond,...

     (CAA); women's lacrosse in American Lacrosse conference; and hockey (American Collegiate Hockey Association). The fencing teams operate as independents.

    Athletic teams at Penn State have won 68 national collegiate team championships (37 NCAA, 2 consensus Division I football titles, 6 AIAW
    AIAW Champions
    The Association for Intercollegiate Athletics for Women was founded in 1971 to govern collegiate women’s athletics and to administer national championships...

    , 3 USWLA, 1 WIBC
    Women's International Bowling Congress
    The Women's International Bowling Congress was an organization for women bowlers formed in 1916 as a counterpart to the American Bowling Congress ....

    , and 4 national titles in boxing, 11 in men's soccer and one in wrestling in years prior to NCAA sponsorship). There have been another 54 national collegiate championships, by either individuals or club teams. The 40 NCAA Championships ranks seventh all time in NCAA Division I, and is the most of any Big Ten school. Recent championships won include Women's Rugby (2007, 2009, 2010 as a club member of Mid-Atlantic Rugby Football Union (MARFU)), Men's Gymnastics (2007), Men's/Women's Fencing (2007, 2009, 2010), Men's Volleyball (2008), Women's Volleyball (2007, 2008, 2009, and 2010), and Wrestling in 2010 won their respective national titles.
    Since the 2007 season the university has won 10 National Championships in 5 different sports, the most among current Division 1-A teams.

    Since joining the Big Ten
    Big Ten Conference
    The Big Ten Conference is the United States' oldest Division I college athletic conference. Its twelve member institutions are located primarily in the Midwestern United States, stretching from Nebraska in the west to Pennsylvania in the east...

     in 1991, Penn State teams have won 60 regular season conference titles and 13 tournament titles, including fourteen consecutive titles in women's soccer (longest streak in women's Big Ten athletic history),
    and eighth straight in women's volleyball (the longest streak in Big Ten volleyball
    Big Ten volleyball
    Big Ten volleyball represents the 12 women's teams that participate in the conference. Through 2009, Big Ten volleyball has earned a combined 17 NCAA final four appearances by 6 different teams. In 1987, Illinois became the first program to represent the Big Ten in the final four, and in 1999...

     history).

    Penn State has one of the most successful overall athletic programs in the country, as evidenced by its rankings in the NACDA Director's Cup
    NACDA Director's Cup
    The NACDA Learfield Sports Directors' Cup is an award given annually by the National Association of Collegiate Directors of Athletics to the colleges and universities with the most success in collegiate athletics...

    , a list compiled by the National Association of Collegiate Directors of Athletics
    National Association of Collegiate Directors of Athletics
    The National Association of Collegiate Directors of Athletics is a professional organization for college and university athletic directors in the United States. NACDA boasts a membership of more than 6,100 individuals and more than 1,600 institutions throughout the United States, Canada and Mexico...

     that charts institutions' overall success in college sports. From the Cup's inception in the 1993–1994 season through the 2007–2008 season, the Nittany Lions have finished in the top 10 eight times and the top five four times, and have finished in the top 25 every year.Since the 2007 season, Penn State has won ten National Championships in 5 different sports, the most among current Division 1-A teams.

    In 1999, Sporting News named Penn State as the country's best overall athletic program, citing its consistent and wide-ranging athletic successes along with its athletes' long-standing tradition of excelling in the classroom. Penn State placed 6th in Sports Illustrated
    Sports Illustrated
    Sports Illustrated is an American sports media company owned by media conglomerate Time Warner. Its self titled magazine has over 3.5 million subscribers and is read by 23 million adults each week, including over 18 million men. It was the first magazine with circulation over one million to win the...

    s top 25 rankings for athletic success for the 2007–08 academic year, the highest of any Big Ten school.

    Penn State student-athletes receive academic honors that often far exceed those awarded to other Division 1-A schools. In the 2007–08 academic year, a school record 261 Penn State Student-Athletes earned Academic All-Big Ten
    Big Ten Conference
    The Big Ten Conference is the United States' oldest Division I college athletic conference. Its twelve member institutions are located primarily in the Midwestern United States, stretching from Nebraska in the west to Pennsylvania in the east...

     honors. Penn State leads the Big Ten with 3,069 selections.

    Despite widespread success in the overall athletic program, however, the school is best known for its football team
    Penn State Nittany Lions football
    The Penn State Nittany Lions football team represents the Pennsylvania State University in the National Collegiate Athletic Association Division I Football Bowl Subdivision as a member of the Big Ten Conference. It is one of the most tradition-rich and storied college football programs in the...

    , which draws a very large following. Penn State's Beaver Stadium has the second largest seating capacity
    Seating capacity
    Seating capacity refers to the number of people who can be seated in a specific space, both in terms of the physical space available, and in terms of limitations set by law. Seating capacity can be used in the description of anything ranging from an automobile that seats two to a stadium that seats...

     of any stadium in the nation, slightly behind Michigan Stadium. The football team was led by coach Joe Paterno
    Joe Paterno
    Joseph Vincent "Joe" Paterno is a former college football coach who was the head coach of the Penn State Nittany Lions for 46 years from 1966 through 2011. Paterno, nicknamed "JoePa," holds the record for the most victories by an NCAA Division I Football Bowl Subdivision football coach with...

    , who at 84 was fired in 2011, his 45th year as head coach. Joe Paterno was in a close competition with Bobby Bowden
    Bobby Bowden
    Robert Cleckler "Bobby" Bowden is a retired college football coach. He coached the Florida State Seminoles football team from the 1976 to 2009 seasons...

    , the head coach for Florida State, for the most wins ever in Division I-A (now the FBS) history. This competition effectively ended with Paterno still leading following Bowden's retirement after the 2010 Gator Bowl
    2010 Gator Bowl
    The 2010 Gator Bowl game was a post-season college football bowl game between the Florida State University Seminoles from the ACC, and the West Virginia University Mountaineers representing the Big East, and was played on Friday, January 1, 2010, at Jacksonville Municipal Stadium in Jacksonville,...

    . Entering the 2010 campaign, Paterno had 394 total career wins.
    He won his 400th game, a huge comeback with the final score 35–21 against Northwestern University, on November 6, 2010.
    In 2007, he was inducted into the College Football Hall of Fame
    College Football Hall of Fame
    The College Football Hall of Fame is a hall of fame and museum devoted to college football. Located in South Bend, Indiana, it is connected to a convention center and situated in the city's renovated downtown district, two miles south of the University of Notre Dame campus. It is slated to move...

    .

    In 2009, Cael Sanderson
    Cael Sanderson
    Cael Norman Sanderson , is considered one of the greatest American amateur wrestlers of all time. A 2004 Olympic champion in Athens, Greece, he went undefeated in four years of college wrestling at Iowa State University , winning four consecutive NCAA titles...

     became the head coach of Penn State's wrestling team.

    The university opened a new Penn State All-Sports Museum in February 2002. This two-level 10000 square feet (929 m²) museum is located inside Beaver Stadium.
    In addition to the school funded athletics, club sports also play a major role in the University, with over 68 club sport organizations meeting regularly to date. Many club teams compete nationally in their respective sports. The Penn State Ski Team, which competes as part of the United States Collegiate Ski and Snowboard Association (USCSA) in the Allegheny Conference, as well as the Penn State Swim Club, which competes in the American Swimming Association – University League (ASAU), are just a few examples. Some other clubs include baseball, squash
    Squash (sport)
    Squash is a high-speed racquet sport played by two players in a four-walled court with a small, hollow rubber ball...

    , karate
    Karate
    is a martial art developed in the Ryukyu Islands in what is now Okinawa, Japan. It was developed from indigenous fighting methods called and Chinese kenpō. Karate is a striking art using punching, kicking, knee and elbow strikes, and open-handed techniques such as knife-hands. Grappling, locks,...

    , crew, and sailing
    Sailing
    Sailing is the propulsion of a vehicle and the control of its movement with large foils called sails. By changing the rigging, rudder, and sometimes the keel or centre board, a sailor manages the force of the wind on the sails in order to move the boat relative to its surrounding medium and...

    .

    Penn State's most well known athletic cheer is "We are...Penn State." Typically, the students and cheerleaders shout, "We are," followed by a response of "Penn State" from the rest of the fans. This is typically done three or four times, and followed by "Thank you..." "... you're welcome!" when completed. The cheer is by no means restricted to sporting events, as prospective students touring the campus (with the aid of either the Lion Scouts or Lion Ambassadors) will hear plenty of these chants from current students.

    Alumni and notable people


    Established in 1870, nine years after the university's first commencement exercises, the Penn State Alumni Association has the stated mission "to connect alumni to the University and to each other, provide valuable benefits to members and support the University's mission of teaching, research and service." The Alumni Association supports a number of educational and extracurricular missions of Penn State through financial support and is the network that connects alumni through over 280 "alumni groups", many of which are designated based on geographical, academic, or professional affiliation.

    As of July 1, 2010, the Alumni Association counts 496,969 members within the United States, with an additional 16,180 in countries around the globe. About half the United States alumni reside in Pennsylvania, primarily in the urban areas of Philadelphia (and the surrounding counties), the Pittsburgh Area and in the Centre County
    Centre County, Pennsylvania
    Centre County is a county located in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania. It is part of the State College, Pennsylvania Metropolitan Statistical Area. As of 2010, the population was 153,990....

     region surrounding State College
    State College, Pennsylvania
    State College is the largest borough in Centre County in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania. It is the principal city of the State College, Pennsylvania Metropolitan Statistical Area which encompasses all of Centre County. As of the 2010 census, the borough population was 42,034, and roughly double...

    , although alumni can be found in every region of the country and abroad. About 34 percent of United States alumni and 21 percent of international alumni are members of the Alumni Association. With membership totaling 164,658, the Penn State Alumni Association is the largest dues-paying alumni association
    Alumni association
    An alumni association is an association of graduates or, more broadly, of former students. In the United Kingdom and the United States, alumni of universities, colleges, schools , fraternities, and sororities often form groups with alumni from the same organisation...

     in the world, a distinction it has held since 1995.

    Since 2001, the university, along with all schools in the Big Ten
    Big Ten Conference
    The Big Ten Conference is the United States' oldest Division I college athletic conference. Its twelve member institutions are located primarily in the Midwestern United States, stretching from Nebraska in the west to Pennsylvania in the east...

    , has participated in the "Big Ten Challenge" website, which is a "competitive" clearinghouse of alumni donation statistics for member schools. Results are tracked to determine a percentage of each school's alumni from the previous decade who gave to their alma mater each calendar year (during the 2005–2006 year, alumni donations from 1996 to 2005 were tallied). With the exception of 2005–2006, when Penn State fell to second behind Northwestern University
    Northwestern University
    Northwestern University is a private research university in Evanston and Chicago, Illinois, USA. Northwestern has eleven undergraduate, graduate, and professional schools offering 124 undergraduate degrees and 145 graduate and professional degrees....

    , Penn State has won the challenge each year since its inception.

    See also



    External links

    • psu.edu, Pennsylvania State University's official website
    • gopsusports.com, Pennsylvania State University's athletics' official website
    • police.psu.edu, Pennsylvania State University's police department's official website
    The source of this article is wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.  The text of this article is licensed under the GFDL.
     
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