Partido Ortodoxo
The was a Cuba
The Republic of Cuba is an island nation in the Caribbean. The nation of Cuba consists of the main island of Cuba, the Isla de la Juventud, and several archipelagos. Havana is the largest city in Cuba and the country's capital. Santiago de Cuba is the second largest city...

n political party
Political party
A political party is a political organization that typically seeks to influence government policy, usually by nominating their own candidates and trying to seat them in political office. Parties participate in electoral campaigns, educational outreach or protest actions...

, otherwise known as the . It was founded in 1947 by Eduardo Chibás
Eduardo Chibás
Eduardo René Chibás Ribas was a Cuban politician who used radio to broadcast his political views to the public. He primarily denounced corruption and gangsterism rampant during the governments of Ramón Grau and Carlos Prío which preceded the Batista era...

 in response to perceived government corruption and lack of reform. Its primary aims were the establishment of a distinct national identity
National identity
National identity is the person's identity and sense of belonging to one state or to one nation, a feeling one shares with a group of people, regardless of one's citizenship status....

, economic independence and the implementation of social reforms.

In the 1948 general elections
Cuban general election, 1948
General elections were held in Cuba on 1 June 1948. Carlos Prío Socarrás won the presidential election running under the Auténtico-Republican Alliance banner, whilst the Partido Auténtico emerged as the largest party in the House of Representatives, winning 29 of the 70 seats. Voter turnout was...

 Chibás came third in the presidential election, whilst the party won four seats in the House of Representatives. In the 1950 mid-term elections
Cuban parliamentary election, 1950
Parliamentary elections were held in Cuba on 1 June 1950. The Partido Auténtico-Democratic Party-Liberal Party alliance won 42 of the 66 seats.-Results:...

 they won nine. Chibás' cousin, Roberto Agramonte
Roberto Agramonte
Dr. Roberto Agramonte was a philosopher and Cuban politician....

, was the favorite to win the 1952 election (for the Orthodoxos) but Fulgencio Batista
Fulgencio Batista
Fulgencio Batista y Zaldívar was the United States-aligned Cuban President, dictator and military leader who served as the leader of Cuba from 1933 to 1944 and from 1952 to 1959, before being overthrown as a result of the Cuban Revolution....

 staged a coup before the winner was determined.

Fidel Castro
Fidel Castro
Fidel Alejandro Castro Ruz is a Cuban revolutionary and politician, having held the position of Prime Minister of Cuba from 1959 to 1976, and then President from 1976 to 2008. He also served as the First Secretary of the Communist Party of Cuba from the party's foundation in 1961 until 2011...

was an active member of the Ortodoxo Party in the late 1940s and early 1950s. He intended to run as an Ortodoxo Party candidate for the Cuban parliament prior to the coup by Batista.
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