Pandacan, Manila
Overview
 
Pandacan is a district of the City of Manila in the Philippines
Philippines
The Philippines , officially known as the Republic of the Philippines , is a country in Southeast Asia in the western Pacific Ocean. To its north across the Luzon Strait lies Taiwan. West across the South China Sea sits Vietnam...

, located south of the banks of the Pasig River
Pasig River
The Pasig River is a river in the Philippines that connects Laguna de Bay to Manila Bay. Stretching for , it is lined by Metro Manila on each side...

 and belongs under the 6th congressional district of Manila, divided into thirty eight (38) barangays that includes Zone 90 to Zone 95 and barangays 833 to 872.
Based on a year 2000 survey of the National Statistics Office, Pandacan has a total population of close to 82,194. The original residents of the district are Tagalog
Tagalog people
The Tagalog people are an ethnic group in the Philippines. The name Tagalog comes from either the native term tagá-ilog, meaning 'people living along the river', or another native term, tagá-alog, meaning 'people living along the ford', a ford being a shallow part of a river or stream where people,...

 migrants from the province of Bulacan
Bulacan
Bulacan , officially called the Province of Bulacan or simply Bulacan Province, is a first class province of the Republic of the Philippines located in the Central Luzon Region in the island of Luzon, north of Manila , and part of the Metro...

.
Encyclopedia
Pandacan is a district of the City of Manila in the Philippines
Philippines
The Philippines , officially known as the Republic of the Philippines , is a country in Southeast Asia in the western Pacific Ocean. To its north across the Luzon Strait lies Taiwan. West across the South China Sea sits Vietnam...

, located south of the banks of the Pasig River
Pasig River
The Pasig River is a river in the Philippines that connects Laguna de Bay to Manila Bay. Stretching for , it is lined by Metro Manila on each side...

 and belongs under the 6th congressional district of Manila, divided into thirty eight (38) barangays that includes Zone 90 to Zone 95 and barangays 833 to 872.

Profile

Based on a year 2000 survey of the National Statistics Office, Pandacan has a total population of close to 82,194. The original residents of the district are Tagalog
Tagalog people
The Tagalog people are an ethnic group in the Philippines. The name Tagalog comes from either the native term tagá-ilog, meaning 'people living along the river', or another native term, tagá-alog, meaning 'people living along the ford', a ford being a shallow part of a river or stream where people,...

 migrants from the province of Bulacan
Bulacan
Bulacan , officially called the Province of Bulacan or simply Bulacan Province, is a first class province of the Republic of the Philippines located in the Central Luzon Region in the island of Luzon, north of Manila , and part of the Metro...

. When the district grew and progressed as a manufacturing center for Manila, several ethnic groups from other parts of the country migrated into the district after the Second World War.

The district is bounded to the east by the Pasig River
Pasig River
The Pasig River is a river in the Philippines that connects Laguna de Bay to Manila Bay. Stretching for , it is lined by Metro Manila on each side...

, the district of Sta. Ana to the southwest Ermita
Ermita, Manila
Ermita is a district of Manila, Philippines located halfway between Intramuros and Malate.-History:Ermita was founded in the late 16th century...

 to the east and the district of Paco to the northeast.

Majority of the residents of Pandacan belong to the generally lower to upper middle class brackets. Original residents were gainfully employed as blue collar workers in the nearby factories and oil depot, while some working in white collar jobs are employed in nearby Makati City, the country's central business district.

Pandacan was originally established as the industrial center for the City of Manila during the turn of the 20th century. Oil depots which services more than half of the fuel requirement of the country were established along the banks of the Pasig River.

Pandacan's western section, along the street formerly called Otis
Otis
-People:*Otis family, Prominent American political family*Otis *Otis -Fictional characters:*Otis, a puppy in The Adventures of Milo and Otis*Otis the Aardvark, a BBC puppet character...

 (now Dra. Paz Mendoza-Guazon St.) was once a row for manufacturing such as a coconut oil
Coconut oil
Coconut oil is an edible oil extracted from the kernel or meat of matured coconuts harvested from the coconut palm . Throughout the tropical world, it has provided the primary source of fat in the diets of millions of people for generations. It has various applications in food, medicine, and industry...

 processing, rope making facility, including the central bottling and distribution center of Coca Cola in the Philippines. One can also find along Guazon street the major car dealerships and their respective showrooms for Toyota, Honda
Honda
is a Japanese public multinational corporation primarily known as a manufacturer of automobiles and motorcycles.Honda has been the world's largest motorcycle manufacturer since 1959, as well as the world's largest manufacturer of internal combustion engines measured by volume, producing more than...

, Nissan, Ford and Sinuzo.

Landmarks

A portion of the Malacañang Palace
Malacañang Palace
The Malacañan Palace, commonly known simply as Malacañang, is the official residence and principal workplace of the President of the Philippines. Located at 1000 J. P. Laurel Street, San Miguel, Manila, the house was built in 1750 in Spanish Colonial style. It has been the residence of every...

, the official residence of the Philippine President is located in Pandacan. A well secured five (5) hectare property called Malacañang Park is located at the foot of the Nagtahan bridge and it serves as the barracks for the Presidential Security Guard.

The district is also home to a few well known historical figures, including Apolinario Mabini
Apolinario Mabini
Apolinario Mabini y Maranan was a Filipino political philosopher and revolutionary who wrote a constitutional plan for the of 1899-1901, and served as its first prime minister in 1899...

, one of the key figures of the Katipunan
Katipunan
The Katipunan was a Philippine revolutionary society founded by anti-Spanish Filipinos in Manila in 1892, whose primary aim was to gain independence from Spain through revolution. The society was initiated by Filipino patriots Andrés Bonifacio, Teodoro Plata, Ladislao Diwa, and others on the night...

, a secret society which led he Philippine revolution
Philippine Revolution
The Philippine Revolution , called the "Tagalog War" by the Spanish, was an armed military conflict between the people of the Philippines and the Spanish colonial authorities which resulted in the secession of the Philippine Islands from the Spanish Empire.The Philippine Revolution began in August...

 during the late 19th century against Spanish rule. The National Historical Institute has declared Mabini's former residence as a national historical shrine.

Former First Lady Imelda Romualdez Marcos also claims Pandacan as her home in Manila where the Romualdez clan keeps their ancestral home. Ever since Mrs. Marcos became the wife of former President Ferdinand Marcos
Ferdinand Marcos
Ferdinand Emmanuel Edralin Marcos, Sr. was a Filipino leader and an authoritarian President of the Philippines from 1965 to 1986. He was a lawyer, member of the Philippine House of Representatives and a member of the Philippine Senate...

 in the sixties, only caretakers are now looking after the old house. The house is Mrs. Marcos' traditional and common reference to her ties as a resident of Manila, aside from her family's roots in Leyte
Leyte
Leyte is a province of the Philippines located in the Eastern Visayas region. Its capital is Tacloban City and occupies the northern three-quarters of the Leyte Island. Leyte is located west of Samar Island, north of Southern Leyte and south of Biliran...

 province.

The head office and training center of the Roman Catholic Church's Catholic Charities
Catholic Charities
Catholic Charities is a network of charities whose aim is "to provide service to people in need, to advocate for justice in social structures, and to call the entire church and other people of good will to do the same." It is one of the largest charities in the United States...

 or CARITAS
Caritas
Caritas may refer to:* The Latin term for charity , one of the three theological virtues* Caritas , a fictional demon-friendly karaoke bar in the U.S...

 under the Archdiocese of Manila is also based in the district.

Schools

Public elementary schools serving the district includes Jacinto Zamora Elementary School, Bagong Diwa Elementary School, Beata Elementary School and Bagong Barangay Elementary School, while the district has one public high school, the Carlos P. Garcia High School.

Private education is provided by a Catholic school called St. Joseph's School - Pandacan
St. Joseph's School - Pandacan
St. Joseph's School - Pandacan, Manila is a private parochial school operated by the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Manila. It is located in the district of Pandacan in the City of Manila, Philippines, established by Cardinal Rufino Jiao Santos, D.D...

, located beside the Sto. Niño Parish along Jesus Street.

By the year 1994, a private high school was built by Fr. Pierre Tritz, a Jesuit from France for the disadvantage Filipino youth. It is the ERDA Technical Vocational Secondary School located at the corner of Certeza Street, Pandacan. Its fund came from International Groups and Sponsors mainly from Europe.

At the start of school year 2006, banker Alfonso Yuchengco
Alfonso Yuchengco
Alfonso T. Yuchengco is a prominent industrialist, certified public accountant, FEU alumnus, educator, and diplomat in the Philippines.He heads the Yuchengco Group of Companies, one of the largest family-owned business conglomerates in the Philippines. He is the Chairman of Rizal Commercial...

 opened the first modern privately run science high school called Malayan High School of Science
Malayan High School of Science
The Malayan High School of Science is a private secondary educational institution established in 2005 and is managed and operated by the Mapúa Institute of Technology . It is located on a one-hectare property along P...

 (under the Mapua Institute of Technology
Mapúa Institute of Technology
Mapúa Institute of Technology is a private, non-sectarian, Filipino tertiary institute located in Intramuros, Manila and in Makati....

 system) on what was once the head office of the A. Soriano Corporation along Otis Street (now Dra. Paz Mendoza-Guazon Street), across the bottling plant of Coca Cola.

Churches

Four of the leading Christian religious dominations in the Philippines established their presence in the district. For Roman Catholics, there is the Sto. Niño (Child Jesus) Parish located along Jesus Street. The members of the Iglesia ni Cristo
Iglesia ni Cristo
Iglesia ni Cristo also known as INC, is the largest entirely indigenous Christian religious organization that originated from the Philippines and the largest independent church in Asia. Due to a number of similarities, some Protestant writers describe the INC's doctrines as restorationist in...

 have a local, and the Pandacan United Methodist Church; both located along Pres. Quirino Avenue and the Aglipayan or members of the Iglesia Filipina Independiente (Parish of the Sto. Niño) have a church along Labores street.

History

Officially Pandacan was established as a community in 1574 when Franciscan
Franciscan
Most Franciscans are members of Roman Catholic religious orders founded by Saint Francis of Assisi. Besides Roman Catholic communities, there are also Old Catholic, Anglican, Lutheran, ecumenical and Non-denominational Franciscan communities....

 priests of the Roman Catholic Church established the first mission in the district. Pandacan was originally part of the parish of Sampaloc
Sampaloc
Sampaloc is the Filipino term for tamarind and the name of certain locations in the Philippines.*Sampaloc, Manila*Sampaloc, Quezon...

 but was later established as a separate parish in 1712.

Pandacan was a farming community, producing small quantities of rice
Rice
Rice is the seed of the monocot plants Oryza sativa or Oryza glaberrima . As a cereal grain, it is the most important staple food for a large part of the world's human population, especially in East Asia, Southeast Asia, South Asia, the Middle East, and the West Indies...

 and sugar
Sugar
Sugar is a class of edible crystalline carbohydrates, mainly sucrose, lactose, and fructose, characterized by a sweet flavor.Sucrose in its refined form primarily comes from sugar cane and sugar beet...

 that were sold to the Spanish enclave in Intramuros
Intramuros
Intramuros is the oldest district in the present day city of Manila, the capital of the Republic of the Philippines. Nicknamed the "Walled City", Intramuros is the historic fortified city of Manila, the seat ot the government during the Spanish Colonial Period. Its name in Latin, intramuros,...

. Aside from a few vegetable plots, the old Pandacan produced bricks & tiles, cotton laces in various colors but in limited quantities. The district also produced shoes and small boats.

In the 19th century, Pandacan was described as a "Little Venice
Venice
Venice is a city in northern Italy which is renowned for the beauty of its setting, its architecture and its artworks. It is the capital of the Veneto region...

"
or "Little Italy
Italy
Italy , officially the Italian Republic languages]] under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages. In each of these, Italy's official name is as follows:;;;;;;;;), is a unitary parliamentary republic in South-Central Europe. To the north it borders France, Switzerland, Austria and...

"
for its numerous canal
Canal
Canals are man-made channels for water. There are two types of canal:#Waterways: navigable transportation canals used for carrying ships and boats shipping goods and conveying people, further subdivided into two kinds:...

s or estuaries leading to the Pasig River. Often, many would leisurely row through the estuaries in the late afternoons as described by Francisco Balagtas in his early writings. Pandacan was also home to balladeers, and source of musicians in the early times.

Late in the Spanish era and into the American regime, Pandacan was developed into becoming the first industrial estate in the Philippines. The first modern manufacturing company was built in Pandacan and was called the Compañia General de Tabacos de Filipinas in 1882, a modern cigar making plant.

The first stone church in Pandacan was built in 1732 by Fr. Francisco del Rosario. The church would not be completed until after 30 years. The image of the Holy Child of Jesus or popularly known as Sto. Niño was enshrined at the church and its feast is traditionally celebrated on the 3rd Sunday of January.

According to tales, the image of the Child Jesus (more popularly called the Santo Niño) was recovered from a well near the church and some say the water from the well resulted in the miraculous healing of the infirm. The well has long been sealed due to pollutants but a shrine stands on what was once the well.

The original church, completed in 1760 was twice destroyed by earthquakes. A modern church now stands on the old ruins including a parish school which stands on what was the Catholic cemetery of the district.

Pandacan was also home to prominent Filipino artists of the 19th century and these distinguished personages of the Philippines' arts and letters include Francisco Baltazar (or also known as Balagtas) who authored, "Florante at Laura
Florante at Laura
Florante at Laura by Francisco Baltazar is considered as one of the masterpieces of Philippine literature. Balagtas wrote the epic during his imprisonment. The work itself is dedicated to María Asuncion Rivera, his sweetheart, whom he nicknamed "M. A...

;"
musician Ladislao Bonus
Ladislao Bonus
Ladislao Bonus was a composer, conductor, contrabass player, and teacher. His pioneering work on musical drama earned him the title of "Father of the Filipino opera"....

, Tagalog language theorist Lope K. Santos
Lope K. Santos
Lope K. Santos was a Tagalog language writer from the Philippines. Aside from being a writer, he was also a lawyer, politician, critic, labor leader and considered as "Father of the Filipino Grammar". He was a freemason....

 and playwrights Miguel Masilungan and Pantaleon Lopez.

By the turn of the 19th century, the American colonial government decreed Pandacan as the center for industrial activity and had oil companies build their storage and distribution facilities in the district.

With the presence of several manufacturing facilities in the district, a modern housing facility was built to house the workers at the nearby oil depots. The housing project was called "Kapitan Tikong" (Captain Tikong) Subdivision, named after a popular local leader. The housing facility was developed, built on the south eastern banks of the Estero de Beata. In honor of Francisco Baltazar, the streets in the subdivision were named after the characters of "Florante at Laura
Florante at Laura
Florante at Laura by Francisco Baltazar is considered as one of the masterpieces of Philippine literature. Balagtas wrote the epic during his imprisonment. The work itself is dedicated to María Asuncion Rivera, his sweetheart, whom he nicknamed "M. A...

."

From Industrial to Commercial

The various manufacturing facilities in Pandacan have long transferred to other locations outside of Manila
Manila
Manila is the capital of the Philippines. It is one of the sixteen cities forming Metro Manila.Manila is located on the eastern shores of Manila Bay and is bordered by Navotas and Caloocan to the north, Quezon City to the northeast, San Juan and Mandaluyong to the east, Makati on the southeast,...

. Only the three major oil companies known as the "Big Three" operates its oil distribution depots in Pandacan; Royal Dutch Shell
Royal Dutch Shell
Royal Dutch Shell plc , commonly known as Shell, is a global oil and gas company headquartered in The Hague, Netherlands and with its registered office in London, United Kingdom. It is the fifth-largest company in the world according to a composite measure by Forbes magazine and one of the six...

, Chevron's Caltex
Caltex
Caltex is a petroleum brand name of Chevron Corporation used in more than 60 countries in the Asia-Pacific region, the Middle East, and southern Africa.-History:...

 and Saudi Aramco majority owned Petron Philippines.

During the 2nd term of Manila Mayor Joselito L. Atienza, Jr., the mayor led an effort to convert Pandacan from an industrial classification into commercial, in an effort to have the oil depot removed from the district. Atienza and several city councillors were concerned that the oil depot served as a security, environment, and safety hazard to the densely populated Pandacan. Several fires have been attributed to the presence of the oil depot and the terrorist attacks in New York City
New York City
New York is the most populous city in the United States and the center of the New York Metropolitan Area, one of the most populous metropolitan areas in the world. New York exerts a significant impact upon global commerce, finance, media, art, fashion, research, technology, education, and...

 in September 11, 2001 added as reason to evict the depot. During the Second World War, retreating Filipino and American forces ordered the dumping of fuel into the Pasig River
Pasig River
The Pasig River is a river in the Philippines that connects Laguna de Bay to Manila Bay. Stretching for , it is lined by Metro Manila on each side...

 to ensure that advancing Japanese forces would not be able to use the remaining oil supply.

Difficulty in finding a reasonable relocation site for the oil depots, without disturbing the national distribution process of fuel resulted in compromise in place of the eviction, however a gradual phase out of large oil tanks that lined near residential areas has been completed and a Pandacan Linear Park was built along the oil depot
Oil depot
An oil depot is an industrial facility for the storage of oil and/or petrochemical products and from which these products are usually transported to end users or further storage facilities...

 and residential units up to the banks of the Pasig River.

Beautification programs

In 2003, Atienza spearheaded a beautification program and spruced up various parks and recreational facilities and this included the Plaza Balagtas (built under the administration of Mayor Antonio J. Villegas) that sits on top of the Estero de Beata and the Ladislao Bonus Park in 2006. On September 2006, as part of Atienza's sidewalk re-development and street lighting program, the main highway from Jesus street corner Quirino Avenue at the foot of Nagtahan bridge southwards into Palumpong street and the whole of Laura street up to the foot of the Padre Zamora bridge was renovated, linking the walkways into the Pandacan Linear Park, a buffer zone made into a park separating the oil distribution facilities from the residential-commercial areas. The Pandacan Linear Park, developed under the support of the big three oil companies and the City Government of Manila now allow residents a leisure walk and recreation along the Pasig River.

Modern housing

Owing to the re-development goals for Manila, various sections of the district are seeing improvements with a low cost housing development in the site of the compound of the Manila City Engineer's Office beside the Nagtahan bridge called "Residencias Manila". The industrial estates for a coconut mill plant is now an exclusive medium class housing village while the former compound for the Manila Gas Company will see a mix 5-hectare commercial-residential complex geared for wealthy Filipino-Chinese families called "Otis 888" that will be built by Robinson's Land Company of industrialist John Gokongwei
John Gokongwei
John L. Gokongwei, Jr. is a Chinese Filipino businessman with holdings in telecommunications, financial services, petrochemicals, power generation, aviation and live stock farming...

. Once "Otis 888" is completed in 2008, the district of Pandacan will have its first shopping mall.

Tourism and Events

The City of Manila boasts of its rich cultural history every year in Pandacan with the traditional "Buling Buling" Dance Festival. Because many of the country's literary and musical geniuses of the 19th century came from Pandacan, an annual traditional dancing in the streets of Pandacan is featured every Saturday before the main celebrations for the feast of the Sto. Niño every 3rd week of January.

See also

  • Demographic history of the Philippines
  • Timeline of Philippine history
    Timeline of Philippine history
    This is a timeline of Philippine history. To know more about the background of these events, re-read the history of the Philippines article. For the country, see Philippines.-Pre-historic:* 500,000 BC  - The early humans in the Cagayan cave...

  • Culture of the Philippines
    Culture of the Philippines
    Philippine culture is related to Micronesian, Bornean, Mexican and Spanish cultures. The people today are mostly of Malayo-Polynesian origin, although there are people with Spanish, Mexican, Austro-Melanesian and Chinese blood. Geographically, the Philippines is considered part of Southeast Asia...

  • Languages of the Philippines
    Languages of the Philippines
    In the Philippines, there are between 120 and 175 languages, depending on the method of classification. Four languages no longer have any known speakers. Almost all the Philippine languages belong to the Austronesian language family...


External links

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