Osaka City University
, abbreviated to , is a public university
Public university
A public university is a university that is predominantly funded by public means through a national or subnational government, as opposed to private universities. A national university may or may not be considered a public university, depending on regions...

 in Japan
Japan is an island nation in East Asia. Located in the Pacific Ocean, it lies to the east of the Sea of Japan, China, North Korea, South Korea and Russia, stretching from the Sea of Okhotsk in the north to the East China Sea and Taiwan in the south...

. It is located in Sumiyoshi-ku
Sumiyoshi-ku, Osaka
is one of 24 wards of Osaka, Japan. It is located on the southern part of the Uemachi Plateau, in the southern most part of Osaka City, and is separated from Sakai City's Sakai-ku and Kita-ku by the Yamato River...

, Osaka City
is a city in the Kansai region of Japan's main island of Honshu, a designated city under the Local Autonomy Law, the capital city of Osaka Prefecture and also the biggest part of Keihanshin area, which is represented by three major cities of Japan, Kyoto, Osaka and Kobe...



OCU's predecessor was founded in 1880, as the Osaka Commercial Training Institute with donations by local merchants. It developed into Osaka Commercial School in 1885, then was municipalized in 1889. Osaka City was defeated in a bid to draw the Second National Commercial College (the winner was Kobe
, pronounced , is the fifth-largest city in Japan and is the capital city of Hyōgo Prefecture on the southern side of the main island of Honshū, approximately west of Osaka...

 City), so the city authorities decided to establish a municipal commercial college without any aid from the national budget.

In 1901 the school was reorganized into Osaka Municipal Commercial College , later authorized under Specialized School Order in 1904. The college had grand brick buildings around the Taishō period
Taisho period
The , or Taishō era, is a period in the history of Japan dating from July 30, 1912 to December 25, 1926, coinciding with the reign of the Taishō Emperor. The health of the new emperor was weak, which prompted the shift in political power from the old oligarchic group of elder statesmen to the Diet...

 - the most prosperous days both of the school and of the city.

In 1928 the college developed into Osaka University of Commerce , the first municipal university in Japan. The city mayor, Dr. Hajime Seki declared the spirit of the municipal university, that it should not simply copy the national universities and that it should become a place for research with a background of urban activities in Osaka. But, contrary to his words, the University was removed to the most rural part of the city by 1935. The first president of the University was a liberalist, so the campus gradually became what was thought to be "a den of the Reds (Marxists)". During World War II
World War II
World War II, or the Second World War , was a global conflict lasting from 1939 to 1945, involving most of the world's nations—including all of the great powers—eventually forming two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis...

, the Marxists and the socialists in the University were arrested (about 50 to 80 members) soon after the liberal president died. The campus was evacuated and used by the Japanese Navy.

After the war, the campus was wholly occupied by U.S. Army (Camp Sakai), and a number of students became anti-American fighters and "worshipers" of the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
The Soviet Union , officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics , was a constitutionally socialist state that existed in Eurasia between 1922 and 1991....

. The campus was given back to the University, partly in 1952, and fully in 1955. In 1949, during the occupation, the University was merged (with other 2 municipal colleges) into Osaka City University, under Japan's new educational system.

In 1949 OCU had five faculties (Business / Economics / Law and Literature / Science and Engineering / Home Economics).

In 1953, the Faculty of Law and Literature was divided into two faculties.

In 1955, Osaka City Medical University was incorporated and became the Faculty of Medicine.

In 1959, the Faculty of Science and Engineering was divided into two faculties.

In 1975, the Faculty of Home Economics was reorganized into the Faculty of Human Life Science.

In 2003, the Graduate School of Creative Cities was established.

In 2006, the Urban Research Plaza and the Advanced Research Institute for Natural Science and Technology were established.

Due to financial problems in many cities, all of the municipal universities in Japan were requested to incorporate. OCU became a Public University Corporation in 2006.

In 2010 OCU celebrated its 130th anniversary.

Notable alumni

  • Masao Abe, professor in religious studies
  • Yoshi Amao
    Yoshi Amao
    Yoshi Amao , is a versatile Japanese actor, talent, comedian, emcee, and martial artist based in New York City, and is the current emcee for the hit reality TV game show Big In Japan on air throughout Europe....

    , actor
  • Hideo Hashimoto
    Hideo Hashimoto
    is a Japanese football player. His place of birth is Osaka. He is a defensive midfielder who plays for Gamba Osaka. Hashimoto is an Osaka City University graduate.-Career:...

    , soccer player
  • Takafumi Isomura
    Takafumi Isomura
    was a Japanese politician. He served as the former mayor of Osaka from 1995 until 2003 and professor emeritus of Osaka City University.Isomura was born in the city of Osaka and graduated from Osaka City University....

    , former mayor of Osaka City
  • Takeshi Kaikō, writer
  • Otogo Kataoka, former president of Nomura Securities
  • Takamaro Tamiya, a hijacker of Japan Airlines Flight 351
    Japan Airlines Flight 351
    Japan Airlines Flight 351 was hijacked by nine members of the Japanese Communist League-Red Army Faction on March 31, 1970 while flying from Tokyo to Fukuoka, in an incident usually referred to in Japanese as the...

  • Minoru Segawa, former president of Nomura Securities
  • Shinya Yamanaka
    Shinya Yamanaka
    is a Japanese physician and adult stem cell researcher. He serves as the director of Center for iPS Cell Research and Application and a professor at the Institute for Frontier Medical Sciences at Kyoto University, as a senior investigator at the UCSF-affiliated J...

    , the scientist who discovered the Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell
    Induced pluripotent stem cell
    Induced pluripotent stem cells, commonly abbreviated as iPS cells or iPSCs are a type of pluripotent stem cell artificially derived from a non-pluripotent cell, typically an adult somatic cell, by inducing a "forced" expression of specific genes....

  • Eiichi Yamashita
    Eiichi Yamashita
    is a Japanese politician of the New Komeito Party, a member of the House of Councillors in the Diet . A native of Osaka, Osaka, he graduated from Kyoto University and received a master's degree in law from Osaka City University, he was elected for the first time in 1992.- External links :* in...

    , politician

Graduate Schools

  • Graduate School of Business
  • Graduate School of Economics
  • Graduate School of Law
  • Graduate School of Literature and Human Sciences
  • Graduate School of Science
  • Graduate School of Engineering
  • Graduate School of Medicine
  • Graduate School of Nursing
  • Graduate School of Human Life Science
  • Graduate School of Creative Cities

Faculties (Undergraduate Schools)

  • Faculty of Business
  • Faculty of Economics
  • Faculty of Law
  • Faculty of Literature and Human Sciences
  • Faculty of Science
  • Faculty of Engineering
  • Medical School
  • School of Nursing
  • Faculty of Human Life Science


  • Media Center and Library
  • Research Center for Urban Health and Sports
  • Research Center for Human Rights
  • Urban Research Plaza
  • Center for Research and Development of Higher Education
  • Research Center for Industry Innovation and Osaka City University Incubator
  • Research Center for Finance & Securities
  • English Education Development Center
  • Advanced Research Institute for Natural Science and Technology
  • Botanical Gardens Faculty of Science Osaka City University
    Botanical Gardens Faculty of Science Osaka City University
    The are botanical gardens operated by Osaka City University. They are located near the Keihan-Kisaichi station, Katano, Osaka, Japan,and open to the public....

    ; located in Katano)
  • Toneyama Institute for Tuberculosis Research (a part of Medical School; located in Toyonaka)

External links

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