: , Hanja
: ), (commonly known as North Korea ), is a country in East Asia
, occupying the northern half of the Korean Peninsula
. Its capital and largest city is Pyongyang
. The Korean Demilitarized Zone
serves as the buffer zone
between North Korea and South Korea
. The Amnok
, or Yalu, and the Tumen
rivers form the border between North Korea and China
. A section of the Tumen River in the far northeast is the border with Russia
The peninsula was governed by the Korean Empire
until it was annexed by Japan
following the Russo-Japanese War
1945 The official North Korean newspaper, Rodong Sinmun, is first published under the name ''Chongro''. Australia joins the United Nations.
1946 The Chondoist Chongu Party is founded in North Korea.
1948 The Democratic People's Republic of Korea (North Korea) is established, with Kim Il-sung as leader.
1948 Republic Day of Democratic People's Republic of Korea.
1950 The Korean War begins with the invasion of South Korea by North Korea.
1950 Seoul is captured by North Korean troops.
1950 Korean War: North Korean troops initiate the Battle of Taejon.
1950 United Nations troops recapture Seoul from the North Koreans.
1950 Korean War: United States Air Force Lt. Russell J. Brown shoots down two North Korean MiG-15s in the first jet aircraft-to-jet aircraft dogfight in history.
1950 Korean War: Troops from the People's Republic of China launch a massive counterattack in North Korea against South Korean and United Nations forces (the Battle of the Ch'ongch'on River and the Battle of Chosin Reservoir), ending any hopes of a quick end to the conflict.