Niigata, Niigata
Overview
 
is the capital and the most populous city
Cities of Japan
||A is a local administrative unit in Japan. Cities are ranked on the same level as and , with the difference that they are not a component of...

 of Niigata Prefecture
Niigata Prefecture
is a prefecture of Japan located on the island of Honshū on the coast of the Sea of Japan. The capital is the city of Niigata. The name "Niigata" literally means "new lagoon".- History :...

, Japan. It lies on the northwest coast of Honshu
Honshu
is the largest island of Japan. The nation's main island, it is south of Hokkaido across the Tsugaru Strait, north of Shikoku across the Inland Sea, and northeast of Kyushu across the Kanmon Strait...

, the largest island of Japan, and faces the Sea of Japan
Sea of Japan
The Sea of Japan is a marginal sea of the western Pacific Ocean, between the Asian mainland, the Japanese archipelago and Sakhalin. It is bordered by Japan, North Korea, Russia and South Korea. Like the Mediterranean Sea, it has almost no tides due to its nearly complete enclosure from the Pacific...

 and Sado Island.

With a long history as a port town, Niigata became a free port
Free port
A free port or free zone , sometimes also called a bonded area is a port, port area or other area with relaxed jurisdiction with respect to the country of location...

 following the Meiji Restoration
Meiji Restoration
The , also known as the Meiji Ishin, Revolution, Reform or Renewal, was a chain of events that restored imperial rule to Japan in 1868...

. Niigata's city government was established in 1889. Mergers with nearby municipalities in 2005 allowed the city's population to jump to 810,000. The annexation of the surrounding area has also given the city the greatest rice paddy field
Paddy field
A paddy field is a flooded parcel of arable land used for growing rice and other semiaquatic crops. Paddy fields are a typical feature of rice farming in east, south and southeast Asia. Paddies can be built into steep hillsides as terraces and adjacent to depressed or steeply sloped features such...

 acreage in Japan.
Encyclopedia
is the capital and the most populous city
Cities of Japan
||A is a local administrative unit in Japan. Cities are ranked on the same level as and , with the difference that they are not a component of...

 of Niigata Prefecture
Niigata Prefecture
is a prefecture of Japan located on the island of Honshū on the coast of the Sea of Japan. The capital is the city of Niigata. The name "Niigata" literally means "new lagoon".- History :...

, Japan. It lies on the northwest coast of Honshu
Honshu
is the largest island of Japan. The nation's main island, it is south of Hokkaido across the Tsugaru Strait, north of Shikoku across the Inland Sea, and northeast of Kyushu across the Kanmon Strait...

, the largest island of Japan, and faces the Sea of Japan
Sea of Japan
The Sea of Japan is a marginal sea of the western Pacific Ocean, between the Asian mainland, the Japanese archipelago and Sakhalin. It is bordered by Japan, North Korea, Russia and South Korea. Like the Mediterranean Sea, it has almost no tides due to its nearly complete enclosure from the Pacific...

 and Sado Island.

With a long history as a port town, Niigata became a free port
Free port
A free port or free zone , sometimes also called a bonded area is a port, port area or other area with relaxed jurisdiction with respect to the country of location...

 following the Meiji Restoration
Meiji Restoration
The , also known as the Meiji Ishin, Revolution, Reform or Renewal, was a chain of events that restored imperial rule to Japan in 1868...

. Niigata's city government was established in 1889. Mergers with nearby municipalities in 2005 allowed the city's population to jump to 810,000. The annexation of the surrounding area has also given the city the greatest rice paddy field
Paddy field
A paddy field is a flooded parcel of arable land used for growing rice and other semiaquatic crops. Paddy fields are a typical feature of rice farming in east, south and southeast Asia. Paddies can be built into steep hillsides as terraces and adjacent to depressed or steeply sloped features such...

 acreage in Japan. On April 1, 2007, it became the first government-designated city on the Japan Sea coast of Honshu.

History

People have inhabited the Niigata area since the Jōmon period
Jomon period
The is the time in Japanese prehistory from about 14,000 BC to 300 BC.The term jōmon means "cord-patterned" in Japanese. This refers to the pottery style characteristic of the Jōmon culture, and which has markings made using sticks with cords wrapped around them...

, though much of the current land was still beneath the sea at the time. According to the Nihonshoki, a fortress was built in the area in AD 647.

In the 16th century, a port called Niigata was established at the mouth of the Shinano River
Shinano River
The Shinano River is the longest and largest river in Japan. It flows from Nagano Prefecture to Niigata Prefecture. It is called the Chikuma River in Nagano Prefecture....

, while a port town with the name Nuttari developed at the mouth of the Agano River
Agano River
The Agano River is a river which flows from Fukushima Prefecture to Niigata Prefecture in Japan. It is called the Aga River or the Ōkawa River in Fukushima. It is 210km long with 7,710km² watershed....

. The area prospered beneath the rule of Uesugi Kenshin
Uesugi Kenshin
was a daimyo who ruled Echigo province in the Sengoku period of Japan.He was one of the most powerful lords of the Sengoku period. While chiefly remembered for his prowess on the battlefield, Kenshin is also regarded as an extremely skillful administrator who fostered the growth of local industries...

 during the Sengoku Period
Sengoku period
The or Warring States period in Japanese history was a time of social upheaval, political intrigue, and nearly constant military conflict that lasted roughly from the middle of the 15th century to the beginning of the 17th century. The name "Sengoku" was adopted by Japanese historians in reference...

.

A system of canals was constructed on the main island of Niigata in the 17th century. During this period, the courses of the Shinano and Agano rivers gradually changed until they poured into the Sea of Japan at the same location. As a result, Niigata prospered as a port town, serving as a port of call for Japanese trade ships traversing the Sea of Japan.

The Matsugasaki Canal was constructed in 1730 to drain the Agano River area, but in 1731, flooding destroyed the canal and caused it to become the main current of the Agano River. As a result, the volume of water flowing into the port of Niigata decreased, which in turn allowed land reclamation efforts and the development of new rice fields to proceed.

In 1858, Niigata was designated as one of the five ports to be opened for international trade in the Japan-U.S. Treaty of Amity and Commerce
Treaty of Amity and Commerce (United States-Japan)
The , also called Harris Treaty, between the United States and Japan was signed at the Ryōsen-ji in Shimoda on July 29, 1858. It opened the ports of Yokohama and four other Japanese cities to American trade and granted extraterritoriality to foreigners, among other stipulations.-The Treaty:The...

. However, the shallow water level in the port delayed the actual opening to foreign ships until 1869. The port also served as a valuable base for fishermen who roamed as far north as the Kamchatka Peninsula
Kamchatka Peninsula
The Kamchatka Peninsula is a peninsula in the Russian Far East, with an area of . It lies between the Pacific Ocean to the east and the Sea of Okhotsk to the west...

 to catch salmon and other fish.

In 1886, the first Bandai Bridge
Bandai Bridge
The is a bridge crossing the Shinano River in Niigata, Niigata Prefecture, Japan via Route 7. The current bridge was constructed in 1929, and was designated as a nationally Important Cultural Property in July 2004.-Outline:...

 was built across the Shinano River to connect the settlements of Niigata on the east and Nuttari on the west. Niigata annexed Nuttari in 1914.

During World War II
World War II
World War II, or the Second World War , was a global conflict lasting from 1939 to 1945, involving most of the world's nations—including all of the great powers—eventually forming two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis...

, Niigata's strategic location between the capital of Tokyo
Tokyo
, ; officially , is one of the 47 prefectures of Japan. Tokyo is the capital of Japan, the center of the Greater Tokyo Area, and the largest metropolitan area of Japan. It is the seat of the Japanese government and the Imperial Palace, and the home of the Japanese Imperial Family...

 and the Sea of Japan made it a key point for the transfer of settlers and military personnel to the Asian continent, including Manchukuo
Manchukuo
Manchukuo or Manshū-koku was a puppet state in Manchuria and eastern Inner Mongolia, governed under a form of constitutional monarchy. The region was the historical homeland of the Manchus, who founded the Qing Empire in China...

.

In 1945, near the end of the war, Niigata was one of four cities, including Hiroshima, Kokura, and Nagasaki, picked as a target for the atomic bomb if Japan did not surrender. The governor of Niigata Prefecture ordered the people to evacuate as rumors of an impending bombing spread, and the city was completely deserted for days. Poor weather conditions and its distance from the Allied fleet meant that it discounted as a target during deliberations; Nagasaki was bombed instead.

In 1950, construction of Niigata Station
Niigata Station
is a train station operated by East Japan Railway Company in Chūō-ku, Niigata, Japan. It opened on May 3, 1904.The station is at the centre of Niigata city, the largest city on the Sea of Japan coast in Honshū...

 was completed, extending the downtown area from Bandai Bridge. A devastating fire in 1955 destroyed much of the downtown area, but eventually the city recovered. In 1964, the old canals that flowed throughout the city were filled in to make way for more roads.

On June 16, 1964, at 1:23 p.m. Japan Standard Time
Japan Standard Time
Japan Standard Time or JST is the standard timezone of Japan, and is 9 hours ahead of UTC. For example, when it is midnight in UTC, it is 09:00 in Japan Standard Time. There is no daylight saving time, though its introduction has been debated several times. Japan Standard Time is the same as...

 an earthquake of 7.5 Richter scale
Richter magnitude scale
The expression Richter magnitude scale refers to a number of ways to assign a single number to quantify the energy contained in an earthquake....

 struck the city, killing 29 people and causing large-scale property damage, with 1,960 totally destroyed buildings, 6,640 partially destroyed buildings, and 15,298 severely inundated by liquefaction.

In 1965, the Agano River
Agano River
The Agano River is a river which flows from Fukushima Prefecture to Niigata Prefecture in Japan. It is called the Aga River or the Ōkawa River in Fukushima. It is 210km long with 7,710km² watershed....

 running through Niigata was polluted with methylmercury
Methylmercury
Methylmercury is an organometallic cation with the formula . It is a bioaccumulative environmental toxicant.-Structure:...

 from the chemical plant of the Showa Electrical Company
Showa Denko
is a leading Japanese chemical engineering firm.Formed in 1939 by the merger of Nihon Electrical Industries and Showa Fertilizers, Showa Denko K.K. manufactures chemical products and industrial materials. SDK's products serve a wide array of fields ranging from heavy industry to the electronic...

. Over 690 people exhibited symptoms of Minamata disease
Minamata disease
', sometimes referred to as , is a neurological syndrome caused by severe mercury poisoning. Symptoms include ataxia, numbness in the hands and feet, general muscle weakness, narrowing of the field of vision and damage to hearing and speech. In extreme cases, insanity, paralysis, coma, and death...

 and the outbreak became known as Niigata Minamata disease
Niigata Minamata disease
' is a neurological syndrome caused by severe mercury poisoning. Identical in symptoms to the original outbreak of Minamata disease in Kumamoto Prefecture, the second outbreak in Niigata Prefecture was confirmed with the same name in 1965...

.

In 1982, Shinkansen
Shinkansen
The , also known as THE BULLET TRAIN, is a network of high-speed railway lines in Japan operated by four Japan Railways Group companies. Starting with the Tōkaidō Shinkansen in 1964, the network has expanded to currently consist of of lines with maximum speeds of , of Mini-shinkansen with a...

 (bullet train) service on the Joetsu shinkansen
Joetsu Shinkansen
The is a high-speed railway line connecting Tokyo and Niigata, Japan, via the Tōhoku Shinkansen, operated by the East Japan Railway Company .-History:The program was initiated in 1971 by Niigata-born prime minister Tanaka Kakuei...

 line began between Niigata and Omiya
Omiya Station (Saitama)
is a railway station in Ōmiya-ku, Saitama, Japan. It is a major interchange station for the East Japan Railway Company .-JR East:* Tōhoku Shinkansen* Akita Shinkansen* Yamagata Shinkansen* Jōetsu Shinkansen* Nagano Shinkansen...

, with service to Ueno
Ueno, Tokyo
is a district in Tokyo's Taitō Ward, best known as the home of Ueno Station and Ueno Park. Ueno is also home to some of Tokyo's finest cultural sites, including the Tokyo National Museum, the National Museum of Western Art, and the National Science Museum, as well as a major public concert hall...

 added in 1985. The line was extended all the way to Tokyo in 1991.

Big Swan Stadium in Niigata City hosted three games during the 2002 FIFA World Cup
2002 FIFA World Cup
The 2002 FIFA World Cup was the 17th staging of the FIFA World Cup, held in South Korea and Japan from 31 May to 30 June. It was also the first World Cup held in Asia, and the last in which the golden goal rule was implemented. Brazil won the tournament for a record fifth time, beating Germany 2–0...

.

The 2004 Chūetsu earthquake
2004 Chuetsu earthquake
The occurred at 5:56 p.m. on Saturday, October 23, 2004 . The Japan Meteorological Agency has named it the Heisei 16 Niigata Prefecture Chuetsu Earthquake or The Mid Niigata Prefecture Earthquake of 2004...

 did not cause any significant damage in Niigata City itself, allowing the city to work as a relief base.

The size and the population of Niigata city increased over the four-year period between 2001 and 2005, due to a series of municipal mergers
Merger and dissolution of municipalities of Japan
Municipal mergers and dissolutions carried out in Japan can take place within one municipality or between multiple municipalities and are required to be based upon consensus.- Merger policy:...

. On April 1, 2007, Niigata City became first city on the west coast of Honshū to become a government-designated city.

In July 2007, the Chūetsu offshore earthquake
2007 Chuetsu offshore earthquake
The Chūetsu Offshore Earthquake was a powerful magnitude 6.6 earthquake that occurred 10:13 a.m. local time on July 16, 2007, in the northwest Niigata region of Japan. The earthquake shook Niigata and neighbouring prefectures...

, measuring 6.9 on Richter scale, rocked Niigata Prefecture. Though the earthquake was felt in the city, there was little damage, which allowed Niigata City to provide aid to the devastated areas.

In May 2008, the city hosted the 2008 G8 Labor Ministers Meeting
34th G8 summit
The 34th G8 summit took place in on the northern island of Hokkaidō, Japan from July 7–9, 2008. The locations of previous summits to have been hosted by Japan include: Tokyo ; and Nago, Okinawa . The G8 Summit has evolved beyond being a gathering of world political leaders...

.

On March 12, 2011, several hours after the massive 9.0 Tohoku earthquake struck off the east coast of Honshu, Niigata and Nagano Prefectures experienced an estimated magnitude 6.6 earthquake.

Mergers

  • On April 1, 1889 - the village of Sekiya was amalgamated into the town of Niigata.
  • On April 1, 1914 - The town of Nuttari from Nakakanbara District
    Nakakanbara District, Niigata
    Nakakanbara was a district located in Niigata Prefecture, Japan.-History:In 1878, Nakakanbara District was established.The district started to shrink after the town of Nuttary merged and Niigata continued to absorb the district...

     was amalgamated into the city of Niigata.
  • On June 1, 1943 - The village of Ohgata from Nakakanbara District
    Nakakanbara District, Niigata
    Nakakanbara was a district located in Niigata Prefecture, Japan.-History:In 1878, Nakakanbara District was established.The district started to shrink after the town of Nuttary merged and Niigata continued to absorb the district...

     was amalgamated into the city of Niigata.
  • On December 8, 1943 - The villages of Ishiyama and Toyano from Nakakanbara District
    Nakakanbara District, Niigata
    Nakakanbara was a district located in Niigata Prefecture, Japan.-History:In 1878, Nakakanbara District was established.The district started to shrink after the town of Nuttary merged and Niigata continued to absorb the district...

     were amalgamated into the city of Niigata.
  • On April 5, 1954 - The village of Matsugasakihama from Kitakanbara District
    Kitakanbara District, Niigata
    is a district located in Niigata, Japan. As of April 1, 2005, the district has an estimated population of 13,528. The total area is 37.99 km². The district has one town: Seirō.- History :...

     was amalgamated into the city of Niigata.
  • On November 1, 1954 - The villages of Nigorikawa, Minamihama from Kitakanbara District
    Kitakanbara District, Niigata
    is a district located in Niigata, Japan. As of April 1, 2005, the district has an estimated population of 13,528. The total area is 37.99 km². The district has one town: Seirō.- History :...

     and the village of Sakaiwa from Nishikanbara District
    Nishikanbara District, Niigata
    is a district located in Niigata, Japan.As of March 20, 2006, the district has an estimated population of 8,537. The total area is 25.22 km².- Towns and villages :On March 20, 2006, the towns of Bunsui and Yoshida merged with the former city of Tsubame...

     were amalgamated into the city of Niigata.
  • On May 3, 1957 - The villages of Ryokawa, Sonoki and Oheyama from Nakakanbara District
    Nakakanbara District, Niigata
    Nakakanbara was a district located in Niigata Prefecture, Japan.-History:In 1878, Nakakanbara District was established.The district started to shrink after the town of Nuttary merged and Niigata continued to absorb the district...

     were amalgamated into the city of Niigata.
  • On January 11, 1960 - The town of Uchino from Nishikanbara District
    Nishikanbara District, Niigata
    is a district located in Niigata, Japan.As of March 20, 2006, the district has an estimated population of 8,537. The total area is 25.22 km².- Towns and villages :On March 20, 2006, the towns of Bunsui and Yoshida merged with the former city of Tsubame...

     was amalgamated into the city of Niigata.
  • On June 1, 1961 - The villages of Nakanokoya and Akatsuka from Nishikanbara District
    Nishikanbara District, Niigata
    is a district located in Niigata, Japan.As of March 20, 2006, the district has an estimated population of 8,537. The total area is 25.22 km².- Towns and villages :On March 20, 2006, the towns of Bunsui and Yoshida merged with the former city of Tsubame...

     were amalgamated into the city of Niigata.
  • On January 1, 2001 - The town of Kurosaki from Nishikanbara District
    Nishikanbara District, Niigata
    is a district located in Niigata, Japan.As of March 20, 2006, the district has an estimated population of 8,537. The total area is 25.22 km².- Towns and villages :On March 20, 2006, the towns of Bunsui and Yoshida merged with the former city of Tsubame...

     was amalgamated into the city of Niigata.
  • On March 21, 2005 - The city of Niitsu
    Niitsu, Niigata
    was a city located in Niigata, Japan.As of 2003, the city has an estimated population of 66,058 and the density of 843.87 persons per km². The total area is 78.28 km².The city was founded on January 1, 1951...

    , Shirone
    Shirone, Niigata
    was a city located in Niigata, Japan.As of 2003, the city had an estimated population of 39,966 and density of 518.63 persons per km². The total area was 77.06 km².The city was founded on June 1, 1959...

     and Toyosaka
    Toyosaka, Niigata
    Toyosaka was a city located in Niigata, Japan.As of 2003, the city had an estimated population of 49,159 and the density of 639.67 persons per km². The total area was 76.85 km².The city was founded on November 1, 1970...

    , the towns of Kameda
    Kameda, Niigata
    Kameda was a town located in Nakakanbara District, Niigata, Japan.As of 2003, the town had an estimated population of 32,386 and a density of 1,925.45 persons per km²...

    , Kosudo
    Kosudo, Niigata
    was a town located in Nakakanbara District, Niigata, Japan.As of 2003, the town had an estimated population of 10,256 and a density of 606.5 persons per km²...

     and Yokogoshi
    Yokogoshi, Niigata
    was a town located in Nakakanbara District, Niigata, Japan.In 2003, the town had an estimated population of 11,339 and a density of 480.06 per km²...

     from Nakakanbara District
    Nakakanbara District, Niigata
    Nakakanbara was a district located in Niigata Prefecture, Japan.-History:In 1878, Nakakanbara District was established.The district started to shrink after the town of Nuttary merged and Niigata continued to absorb the district...

     and the town of Nishikawa
    Nishikawa, Niigata
    Nishikawa was a town located in Nishikanbara District, Niigata, Japan.As of 2003, the town had an estimated population of 12,277 and a density of 495.84 persons per km²...

     and the villages of Ajikata
    Ajikata, Niigata
    Ajikata was a village located in Nishikanbara District, Niigata, Japan.As of 2005, the village had an estimated population of 4,506 and a density of 312.05 persons per km²...

    , Iwamuro
    Iwamuro, Niigata
    was a village located in the former Nishikanbara District, Niigata, Japan. The area is famous for onsen near Yahiko mountain. Farming remains the predominant industry in the area...

    , Katahigashi
    Katahigashi, Niigata
    Katahigashi was a village located in Nishikanbara District, Niigata, Japan.As of 2003, the village had an estimated population of 6,347 and a density of 264.90 persons per km²...

    , Nakanokuchi
    Nakanokuchi, Niigata
    was a village located in Nishikanbara District, Niigata, Japan.On March 21, 2005 Nakanokuchi, along with the towns of Kameda, Kosudo and Yokogoshi, all from Nakakanbara District, the town of Nishikawa, the villages of Ajikata, Iwamuro, Katahigashi and Tsukigata, all from Nishikanbara District, and...

     and Tsukigata
    Tsukigata, Niigata
    Tsukigata was a village located in Nishikanbara District, Niigata, Japan.On March 21, 2005 Tsukigata, along with the towns of Kameda, Kosudo and Yokogoshi, all from Nakakanbara District, the town of Nishikawa, the villages of Ajikata, Iwamuro, Katahigashi and Nakanokuchi, all from Nishikanbara...

     from Nishikanbara District
    Nishikanbara District, Niigata
    is a district located in Niigata, Japan.As of March 20, 2006, the district has an estimated population of 8,537. The total area is 25.22 km².- Towns and villages :On March 20, 2006, the towns of Bunsui and Yoshida merged with the former city of Tsubame...

     were all merged into the city of Niigata.
  • On October 10, 2005 - The town of Maki from Nishikanbara District
    Nishikanbara District, Niigata
    is a district located in Niigata, Japan.As of March 20, 2006, the district has an estimated population of 8,537. The total area is 25.22 km².- Towns and villages :On March 20, 2006, the towns of Bunsui and Yoshida merged with the former city of Tsubame...

     merged into the city of Niigata.

Climate

Niigata City features a humid subtropical climate
Humid subtropical climate
A humid subtropical climate is a climate zone characterized by hot, humid summers and mild to cool winters...

. The climate in Niigata City is characterized by its high humidity
Humidity
Humidity is a term for the amount of water vapor in the air, and can refer to any one of several measurements of humidity. Formally, humid air is not "moist air" but a mixture of water vapor and other constituents of air, and humidity is defined in terms of the water content of this mixture,...

 and strong winds from the Sea of Japan. While many other parts of Niigata Prefecture tend to have heavy snow, Niigata City itself usually receives less due to its low-lying elevation and the shielding effect of Sado Island
Sado, Niigata
is a city located on Sado Island in Niigata Prefecture, in the Chūbu region of Japan. Since 2004, the city has comprised the entire island, although not all of its total area of 855.26 km2 is urbanized...

.

However, Niigata City does receive much precipitation, mostly in the form of rainfall. On average, Niigata City has 269 days of precipitation each year, about 170 days of which see rain or snowfall measuring over 1 mm. The rainy season
East Asian rainy season
The East Asian rainy season, commonly called the plum rain , is caused by precipitation along a persistent stationary front known as the Meiyu front for nearly two months during the late spring and early summer between eastern China, Taiwan, South Korea, and Japan...

 in July brings large amounts of rain, while the winter months, especially November and December, also have much precipitation.

In summer, the south wind makes the weather rather hot. Typhoons
Tropical cyclone
A tropical cyclone is a storm system characterized by a large low-pressure center and numerous thunderstorms that produce strong winds and heavy rain. Tropical cyclones strengthen when water evaporated from the ocean is released as the saturated air rises, resulting in condensation of water vapor...

 usually bring strong foehn winds to this area, generally causing somewhat higher temperatures than in other parts of Japan. The weather on the west coast of Honshū tends to be better during the summer months than on the Pacific coast.

Geography

Niigata is situated on a fertile coastal plain
Coastal plain
A coastal plain is an area of flat, low-lying land adjacent to a seacoast and separated from the interior by other features. One of the world's longest coastal plains is located in eastern South America. The southwestern coastal plain of North America is notable for its species diversity...

 on the Sea of Japan
Sea of Japan
The Sea of Japan is a marginal sea of the western Pacific Ocean, between the Asian mainland, the Japanese archipelago and Sakhalin. It is bordered by Japan, North Korea, Russia and South Korea. Like the Mediterranean Sea, it has almost no tides due to its nearly complete enclosure from the Pacific...

 coast, facing Sado Island
Sado, Niigata
is a city located on Sado Island in Niigata Prefecture, in the Chūbu region of Japan. Since 2004, the city has comprised the entire island, although not all of its total area of 855.26 km2 is urbanized...

. The Shinano River
Shinano River
The Shinano River is the longest and largest river in Japan. It flows from Nagano Prefecture to Niigata Prefecture. It is called the Chikuma River in Nagano Prefecture....

 and Agano River
Agano River
The Agano River is a river which flows from Fukushima Prefecture to Niigata Prefecture in Japan. It is called the Aga River or the Ōkawa River in Fukushima. It is 210km long with 7,710km² watershed....

 flow through the city.

Numerous wetlands, such as the Fukushimagata wetlands, can be found within the city limits. The Sakata lagoon is registered as a wetland of international importance under the Ramsar Convention
Ramsar Convention
The Ramsar Convention is an international treaty for the conservation and sustainable utilization of wetlands, i.e., to stem the progressive encroachment on and loss of wetlands now and in the future, recognizing the fundamental ecological functions of wetlands and their economic, cultural,...

.

Niigata City's low elevation and abundant water have made flood control and land reclamation important issues for the area throughout its history.

The city is sometimes called the "City of Water"(水の都 Mizu-no-miyako) because of the two rivers that flow through it, its position next to the Japan Sea, its many wetlands, and the canals that used to run through the city. It is also sometimes referred to as the "City of Willows"(柳の都 Yanagi-no-miyako or 柳都 Ryuto) because of the willow trees that lined the old canals. In recent years, the city has been promoting itself as a "Designated City of Food and Flowers" (食と花の政令市 Shoku to hana no seireishi), highlighting its agricultural areas outside of the city center.

Wards

Niigata has had system of wards
Wards of Japan
A is a subdivision of one of the cities of Japan that is large enough to have been designated by government ordinance. Wards are used to subdivide each city designated by government ordinance...

 (ku) since April 1, 2007:Map
There is an image color in the Wards.
Ward color Ward color
Kita Ward
Kita-ku, Niigata
is one of the eight wards of Niigata City, Niigata Prefecture, Japan. The ward was created on April 1, 2007 when Niigata became a government-designated city. It is composed of the Niigata City north district and the former city of Toyosaka....

(北区)
Nature green Akiha Ward
Akiha-ku, Niigata
is one of the eight wards of Niigata City, Niigata Prefecture, Japan. The ward was created on April 1, 2007 when Niigata became a government-designated city. It is composed of the former city of Niitsu and the former town of Kosudo.-External links:* *...

(秋葉区)
Floral green
Higashi Ward
Higashi-ku, Niigata
is one of the eight wards of Niigata City, Niigata Prefecture, Japan. The ward was created on April 1, 2007 when Niigata became a government-designated city.-Geography:...

(東区)
Aqua blue Minami Ward
Minami-ku, Niigata
is one of the eight wards of Niigata City, Niigata Prefecture, Japan. The ward was created on April 1, 2007 when Niigata became a government-designated city. It is composed of the former city of Shirone and the former villages of Ajikata and Tsukigata....

(南区)
Breeze blue
Chuo Ward
Chuo-ku, Niigata
is one of the eight wards of Niigata City, Niigata Prefecture. It comprises much of the city center.The area comprises the old city as well as the Sonoki, Nuttari, Toyano and the Yamagata districts...

(中央区) - administrative center
Waterfront blue Nishi Ward
Nishi-ku, Niigata
is one of the eight wards of Niigata City, Niigata Prefecture, Japan. The ward was created on April 1, 2007 when Niigata became a government-designated city.-External links:* *...

(西区)
Sunset orange
Konan Ward
Konan-ku, Niigata
is one of the eight wards of Niigata, Niigata. It is composed of the Sonoki, Ryoukawa and Oeyama parts of old Niigata City, and the towns of Kameda and Yokogoshi that became a part of Niigata City in 2005.-External links:* *...

(江南区)
Spring green Nishikan Ward
Nishikan-ku, Niigata
is one of the eight wards of Niigata City, Niigata Prefecture, Japan. The ward was created on April 1, 2007 when Niigata became a government-designated city ....

(西蒲区)
Harvest yellow


Adjoining communities

From the north, following Niigata's border clockwise:
  • Seiro
    Seiro, Niigata
    is a town located in Kitakanbara District, Niigata, Japan.As of 2003, the town has an estimated population of 13,474 and a density of 354.67 persons per km². The total area is 37.99 km².-External links:*...

    , Kitakanbara District
    Kitakanbara District, Niigata
    is a district located in Niigata, Japan. As of April 1, 2005, the district has an estimated population of 13,528. The total area is 37.99 km². The district has one town: Seirō.- History :...

  • Shibata
    Shibata, Niigata
    is a city located in Niigata, Japan.As of 2008, the city has an estimated population of 103,101 and the density of 194 persons per km². The total area is 532.82 km².The city was founded on January 1, 1947....

  • Agano
    Agano, Niigata
    is a city located in Niigata Prefecture, Japan. As of April 1, 2011, it has an area of 192.72 km² and a population of 46,056 with 13,794 households, and a population density of 239.00 persons per km².-History:...

  • Gosen
    Gosen, Niigata
    is a city located in Niigata, Japan.As of 2005, the city has an estimated population of 56,965 and a density of 382.89 persons per km². The total area is 351.87 km².The city was founded on November 3, 1954...

  • Tagami
    Tagami, Niigata
    is a town located in Minamikanbara District, Niigata, Japan.As of 2003, the town has an estimated population of 13,565 and a density of 426.98 persons per km². The total area is 31.77 km².-External links:*...

    , MinamiKanbara District
    MinamiKanbara District, Niigata
    is a district located in Niigata, Japan.When the district was formed back in the Meiji Period, the district covered the cities of Sanjō and Mitsuke, the town of Tagami, and parts of Kamo and the northern part of Nagaoka....

  • Kamo
    Kamo, Niigata
    is a city located in Niigata, Japan, roughly halfway between the two larger cities of Nagaoka and Niigata.As of 2003, the city has an estimated population of 32,422 and the density of 242.55 persons per km². The total area is 133.67 km². It was founded on March 10, 1954.Kamo is a popular...

  • Sanjo
    Sanjo, Niigata
    is a city located in central part of Niigata, Japan. The city has a Jōetsu Shinkansen stop at Tsubame-Sanjō Station.- Geography :Sanjō is located in the center of Niigata prefecture. It is about 2 hours from Tokyo by way of the Jōetsu Shinkansen or 4 hours on the Kan-Etsu Expressway and Hokuriku...

  • Tsubame
    Tsubame, Niigata
    is a city located in Niigata, Japan.The city was founded on March 31, 1954 by merging with 4 towns and villages. Nearly 52 years later on March 20, 2006, the old Tsubame merged with Bunsui and Yoshida from Nishikanbara District to form the new city of Tsubame....

  • Yahiko
    Yahiko, Niigata
    is a village in Nishikanbara District, Niigata, Japan.It is the only village left in its district after the two towns from the same district merged into the city of Tsubame on March 20, 2006. Yahiko lies on the south side of Mt. Yahiko. This mountain and nearby Mt...

    , Nishikanbara District
    Nishikanbara District, Niigata
    is a district located in Niigata, Japan.As of March 20, 2006, the district has an estimated population of 8,537. The total area is 25.22 km².- Towns and villages :On March 20, 2006, the towns of Bunsui and Yoshida merged with the former city of Tsubame...

  • Nagaoka
    Nagaoka, Niigata
    is a city located in the central part of Niigata Prefecture, Japan. It is the second largest city in the prefecture, behind the capital city of Niigata...

  • In addition Sado Island
    Sado, Niigata
    is a city located on Sado Island in Niigata Prefecture, in the Chūbu region of Japan. Since 2004, the city has comprised the entire island, although not all of its total area of 855.26 km2 is urbanized...

     is connected by sea and air routes.

  • Sister cities

    Niigata maintains sister city
    Town twinning
    Twin towns and sister cities are two of many terms used to describe the cooperative agreements between towns, cities, and even counties in geographically and politically distinct areas to promote cultural and commercial ties.- Terminology :...

     ties with six cities:
    Galveston, Texas
    Galveston, Texas
    Galveston is a coastal city located on Galveston Island in the U.S. state of Texas. , the city had a total population of 47,743 within an area of...

    , United States (1965) Khabarovsk
    Khabarovsk
    Khabarovsk is the largest city and the administrative center of Khabarovsk Krai, Russia. It is located some from the Chinese border. It is the second largest city in the Russian Far East, after Vladivostok. The city became the administrative center of the Far Eastern Federal District of Russia...

    , Russia (1965) Harbin
    Harbin
    Harbin ; Manchu language: , Harbin; Russian: Харби́н Kharbin ), is the capital and largest city of Heilongjiang Province in Northeast China, lying on the southern bank of the Songhua River...

    , China (1979) Vladivostok
    Vladivostok
    The city is located in the southern extremity of Muravyov-Amursky Peninsula, which is about 30 km long and approximately 12 km wide.The highest point is Mount Kholodilnik, the height of which is 257 m...

    , Russia (1991) Birobidzhan
    Birobidzhan
    Birobidzhan is a town and the administrative center of the Jewish Autonomous Oblast, Russia. It is located on the Trans-Siberian railway, close to the border with the People's Republic of China....

    , Russia (Once a sister city of Toyosaka
    Toyosaka, Niigata
    Toyosaka was a city located in Niigata, Japan.As of 2003, the city had an estimated population of 49,159 and the density of 639.67 persons per km². The total area was 76.85 km².The city was founded on November 1, 1970...

    , Niigata assumed the sister city honors in 2005) Nantes
    Nantes
    Nantes is a city in western France, located on the Loire River, from the Atlantic coast. The city is the 6th largest in France, while its metropolitan area ranks 8th with over 800,000 inhabitants....

    , France (2009, shifted from friendship city since 1999)

    In addition, special exchange agreements have been set up with Kingston upon Hull
    Kingston upon Hull
    Kingston upon Hull , usually referred to as Hull, is a city and unitary authority area in the ceremonial county of the East Riding of Yorkshire, England. It stands on the River Hull at its junction with the Humber estuary, 25 miles inland from the North Sea. Hull has a resident population of...

    , United Kingdom Ulsan
    Ulsan
    Ulsan , officially the Ulsan Metropolitan City, is South Korea's seventh largest metropolis with a population of over 1.1 million. It is located in the south-east of the country, neighboring Busan to the south and facing Gyeongju to the north and the Sea of Japan to the east.Ulsan is the...

    , South Korea (2007)

    Sports

    • J. League
      J. League
      The or is the top division of and is the top professional association football league in Japan. It is one of the most successful leagues in Asian club football and the only league given top class 'A' ranking by the AFC. Currently, J. League Division 1 is the first level of the Japanese...

       (Football/soccer)
      • Albirex Niigata
        Albirex Niigata
        is a Japanese J. League Division 1 association football team. Despite the club's relative youth, only joining the J. League in 1999, Albirex are one of Japan's best supported teams. In 2003, while still playing in the second tier of Japanese football , Albirex attracted the best average crowd in...

         play at Big Swan Stadium
    • Bj league
      Bj league
      The bj league is a professional basketball league in Japan that began on November 5, 2005. The ten team league is divided into two conferences, the Eastern Conference, and the Western Conference. It had its inaugural All-Star game in 2006. One of its major sponsors is Spalding.The bj league...

       (Basketball)
      • Niigata Albirex BB
        Niigata Albirex BB
        , formally Niigata Albirex Basketball, is a Japanese basketball club. It is based in Niigata City and plays its games chiefly in the Niigata City gym and Toki Messe.- Outline :...

         play at Toki Messe
        Toki Messe
        is a multi-purpose international convention center located in Niigata, Niigata Prefecture, Japan. The center was opened on May 1, 2003 and contains a hotel, restaurants, an art museum, conference rooms, and the offices of several international organizations....


    Railroad

    East Japan Railway Company
    East Japan Railway Company
    is the largest passenger railway company in the world and one of the seven Japan Railways Group companies. The company name is officially abbreviated as JR East in English, and as in Japanese. The company's headquarters are in Yoyogi, Shibuya, Tokyo....

     runs a number of stations in the Niigata urban area. The largest station in Niigata City is Niigata Station
    Niigata Station
    is a train station operated by East Japan Railway Company in Chūō-ku, Niigata, Japan. It opened on May 3, 1904.The station is at the centre of Niigata city, the largest city on the Sea of Japan coast in Honshū...

    . It is centrally located in the Bandai area, one of the two main shopping districts in downtown Niigata. Approximately 37,000 passengers use the station daily. The Joetsu Shinkansen
    Joetsu Shinkansen
    The is a high-speed railway line connecting Tokyo and Niigata, Japan, via the Tōhoku Shinkansen, operated by the East Japan Railway Company .-History:The program was initiated in 1971 by Niigata-born prime minister Tanaka Kakuei...

    , whose last stop is Niigata Station, provides daily service to Tokyo
    Tokyo
    , ; officially , is one of the 47 prefectures of Japan. Tokyo is the capital of Japan, the center of the Greater Tokyo Area, and the largest metropolitan area of Japan. It is the seat of the Japanese government and the Imperial Palace, and the home of the Japanese Imperial Family...

    . The Shin'etsu Line, Hakushin Line
    Hakushin Line
    The is a Japanese railway line that runs between and stations in the cities of Niigata and Shibata in Niigata Prefecture. It is part of the East Japan Railway Company network.-Basic data:*Operators, distances:...

    , Echigo Line
    Echigo Line
    The is a railway line operated by East Japan Railway Company which connects the cities of Kashiwazaki and Niigata in Niigata Prefecture, Japan...

    , Uetsu Line
    Uetsu Main Line
    The is a railway in the Tōhoku and Chūbu regions of Japan. Part of the East Japan Railway Company system, it connects Niitsu Station in the city of Niigata and Akita Station in Akita...

    , and Ban'etsu West Line are also serviced by Niigata Station. From there you can reach Kanazawa
    Kanazawa, Ishikawa
    is the capital city of Ishikawa Prefecture, Japan.-Geography, climate, and population:Kanazawa sits on the Sea of Japan, bordered by the Japan Alps, Hakusan National Park and Noto Peninsula National Park. The city sits between the Sai and Asano rivers. Its total area is 467.77 km².Kanazawa's...

    , Toyama
    Toyama, Toyama
    is the capital city of Toyama Prefecture, Japan, located on the coast of the Sea of Japan in the Chūbu region on central Honshū, about 200 km north of the city of Nagoya and 300 km northwest of Tokyo....

    , Aomori
    Aomori, Aomori
    is the capital city of Aomori Prefecture, in the northern Tōhoku region of Japan. As of 2009, the city had an estimated population of 302,068 and a density of 366 persons per km². Its total area was 824.52 km².- History :...

    , Akita
    Akita, Akita
    is the capital city of Akita Prefecture in the Tohoku region of Japan.As of June 11, 2005, with the merger of the former Kawabe District , the city has an estimated population of 323,310 and density of...

    , Sakata
    Sakata, Yamagata
    is a city located in Yamagata Prefecture, Japan.As of 2006, the city has an estimated population of 116,883 and the population density of 193.92 persons per km². The total area is 602.74 km².-History:The city was founded on April 1, 1933...

     and Aizuwakamatsu
    Aizuwakamatsu, Fukushima
    is a city located in the Aizu region of Fukushima Prefecture, Japan.As of May 2011, the city has an estimated population of 125,341. The total area is 383.03 km².-History:...

    .

    Niigata Kotsu Dentetsu Line and Kambara Dentetsu trains used to run through the city until the late 1990s; however, they no longer exist.

    Airport

    Niigata Airport
    Niigata Airport
    is a second class airport located northeast of Niigata Station in Niigata, Japan.-Airlines and destinations:The following destinations are served from Niigata :-External links:*...

     is located about 6 km north of central Niigata. It handles some international destinations as well as many domestic ones. The domestic destinations available are: Osaka (8 times a day), Sapporo
    Sapporo, Hokkaido
    is the fourth-largest city in Japan by population, and the largest city on the island of Hokkaido. It is the capital of Hokkaidō Prefecture, located in Ishikari Subprefecture, and an ordinance-designated city of Japan....

     (twice a day), Fukuoka
    Fukuoka, Fukuoka
    is the capital city of Fukuoka Prefecture and is situated on the northern shore of the island of Kyushu in Japan.Voted number 14 in a 2010 poll of the World's Most Livable Cities, Fukuoka is praised for its green spaces in a metropolitan setting. It is the most populous city in Kyushu, followed by...

     (once a day), Okinawa
    Naha, Okinawa
    is the capital city of the Japanese prefecture of Okinawa.Naha is a coastal city located on the East China Sea coast of the southern part of Okinawa Island, the largest of the Ryukyu Islands...

     (once a day), Nagoya
    Nagoya, Aichi
    is the third-largest incorporated city and the fourth most populous urban area in Japan.Located on the Pacific coast in the Chūbu region on central Honshu, it is the capital of Aichi Prefecture and is one of Japan's major ports along with those of Tokyo, Osaka, Kobe, Yokohama, Chiba, and Moji...

     (7 times a day) and Sado Island
    Sado, Niigata
    is a city located on Sado Island in Niigata Prefecture, in the Chūbu region of Japan. Since 2004, the city has comprised the entire island, although not all of its total area of 855.26 km2 is urbanized...

     (3 times a day).

    Niigata Airport's international destinations are Khabarovsk
    Khabarovsk
    Khabarovsk is the largest city and the administrative center of Khabarovsk Krai, Russia. It is located some from the Chinese border. It is the second largest city in the Russian Far East, after Vladivostok. The city became the administrative center of the Far Eastern Federal District of Russia...

     (twice a week), Vladivostok
    Vladivostok
    The city is located in the southern extremity of Muravyov-Amursky Peninsula, which is about 30 km long and approximately 12 km wide.The highest point is Mount Kholodilnik, the height of which is 257 m...

     (twice a week), Harbin
    Harbin
    Harbin ; Manchu language: , Harbin; Russian: Харби́н Kharbin ), is the capital and largest city of Heilongjiang Province in Northeast China, lying on the southern bank of the Songhua River...

     (4 times a week), Seoul
    Seoul
    Seoul , officially the Seoul Special City, is the capital and largest metropolis of South Korea. A megacity with a population of over 10 million, it is the largest city proper in the OECD developed world...

     (daily), Shanghai
    Shanghai
    Shanghai is the largest city by population in China and the largest city proper in the world. It is one of the four province-level municipalities in the People's Republic of China, with a total population of over 23 million as of 2010...

     (3 times a week) and Guam
    Guam
    Guam is an organized, unincorporated territory of the United States located in the western Pacific Ocean. It is one of five U.S. territories with an established civilian government. Guam is listed as one of 16 Non-Self-Governing Territories by the Special Committee on Decolonization of the United...

     (twice a week).

    Sea

    Niigata also used to be the terminus of the Mangyongbong-92
    Mangyongbong-92
    The Mangyongbong-92, named after a hill near Pyongyang, is a passenger ferry built in 1992 to celebrate the North Korean leader, Kim Il Sung's 80th birthday. The ferry was built with funds from Chongryon, the pro-Pyongyang General Association of Korean Residents in Japan.The ferry makes 20 to 30...

     ferry
    Ferry
    A ferry is a form of transportation, usually a boat, but sometimes a ship, used to carry primarily passengers, and sometimes vehicles and cargo as well, across a body of water. Most ferries operate on regular, frequent, return services...

    , one of the direct connections between Japan and North Korea
    North Korea
    The Democratic People’s Republic of Korea , , is a country in East Asia, occupying the northern half of the Korean Peninsula. Its capital and largest city is Pyongyang. The Korean Demilitarized Zone serves as the buffer zone between North Korea and South Korea...

    .

    Colleges and universities

    • Niigata University
      Niigata University
      is a national university in Niigata, Niigata Prefecture, Japan. It was established in 1949 and has its major origins in Niigata Medical College and in Niigata Higher School . It is one of the largest Japanese national universities on the Sea of Japan.The university comprises nine faculties and...

    • International University of Japan
      International University of Japan
      The is a private university located in Minami-Uonuma city in Niigata Prefecture, Japan.IUJ is the first, and one of the few Japanese universities which run their courses entirely in English. It was founded in 1982, primarily with the aim of providing a platform for delegates from all over the...

    • Nippon Dental University School of Life Dentistry at Niigata
    • Niigata University of International and Information Studies
      Niigata University of International and Information Studies
      is a private university in Niigata, Niigata, Japan. It was established in 1994....

    • Niigata University of Pharmacy and Applied Life Sciences
    • Niigata Seiryo University
      Niigata Seiryo University
      is a private university in Niigata, Niigata, Japan. The school originally opened as a women's junior college in 1965.-External links:*...

    • Niigata University of Health and Welfare
      Niigata University of Health and Welfare
      is a private university in Niigata, Niigata, Japan. It was established in 2001....


    Cultural facilities and points of interest

    • Niigata Prefectural Botanical Garden
      Niigata Prefectural Botanical Garden
      The is a botanical garden and arboretum located at 186 Kanazu, Akiha-ku, Niigata, Niigata, Japan. It is open daily except Mondays; an admission fee is charged....

    • Toki Messe
      Toki Messe
      is a multi-purpose international convention center located in Niigata, Niigata Prefecture, Japan. The center was opened on May 1, 2003 and contains a hotel, restaurants, an art museum, conference rooms, and the offices of several international organizations....

    • Tohoku Denryoku Big Swan Stadium
      Tohoku Denryoku Big Swan Stadium
      is an athletic stadium in Niigata, Japan. The stadium's capacity is 42,300. Because of the naming rights by Tohoku Electric Power Co., Inc., the name of the stadium is from March 11, 2007 until 2009. It is the home field of the J...

    • Niigata City Performing Arts Center "Ryutopia"
    • Niigata Prefectural Civic Center

    Events

    • Niigata Festival (every August)
    • Niigata Comic Market
      Niigata Comic Market
      The Niigata Comic Market, commonly known as , is a bimonthly dōjinshi comic book convention held in Niigata city in Japan. It is currently held at either Toki Messe or the Niigata-shi Sangyou Shinkou Center. It was first held in 1983, and between 7,000 and 10,000 people regularly attend each...

    • Niigata Manga Competition
    • Shirone Kite Festival in June
    • Niigata General Dancing Festival in September

    Notable people from Niigata

    • Makoto Kobayashi (manga artist
      Mangaka
      is the Japanese word for a comic artist or cartoonist. Outside of Japan, manga usually refers to a Japanese comic book and mangaka refers to the author of the manga, who is usually Japanese...

      )
    • Shinji Mizushima
      Shinji Mizushima
      is a Japanese manga artist. He is best known as an author of baseball manga, such as Yakyū-kyō no Uta, Dokaben, and Abu-san. He is a two-time recipient of the Shogakukan Manga Award.-Biography:...

       (manga artist)
    • Takeshi Obata
      Takeshi Obata
      is a Japanese manga artist. He works as the artist in collaboration with a writer. He has also mentored several manga artists, including Kentaro Yabuki of Black Cat fame, Nobuhiro Watsuki of Rurouni Kenshin and Busou Renkin, and Yusuke Murata of Eyeshield 21.He originally became noticed in 1985...

       (manga artist)
    • Ango Sakaguchi
      Ango Sakaguchi
      was a Japanese novelist and essayist. His real name was Heigo Sakaguchi .-History:From Niigata, Sakaguchi was one of a group of young Japanese writers to rise to prominence in the years immediately following Japan's defeat in World War II...

       (author
      Author
      An author is broadly defined as "the person who originates or gives existence to anything" and that authorship determines responsibility for what is created. Narrowly defined, an author is the originator of any written work.-Legal significance:...

      )
    • Fujisawa Shu
      Fujisawa Shu
      is a Japanese writer active during the late Shōwa and early Heisei period periods of Japan.-Biography:Fujisawa was born in the former Uchino-machi, and a graduate of the Literature Department of Hosei University.In 1998, he was awarded the prestigious Akutagawa Prize for his novel Buenosu Airesu...

       (writer
      Writer
      A writer is a person who produces literature, such as novels, short stories, plays, screenplays, poetry, or other literary art. Skilled writers are able to use language to portray ideas and images....

      )
    • Rumiko Takahashi
      Rumiko Takahashi
      is a Japanese manga artist.Takahashi is one of the wealthiest individuals, and the most affluent manga artists in Japan. The manga she creates are popular worldwide, where they have been translated into a variety of languages...

       (manga artist)
    • Aizu Yaichi
      Aizu Yaichi
      was a Japanese poet, calligrapher and historian.-Biography:Yaichi was born in the Furumachi area of Niigata, Niigata, and was a professor emeritus of ancient Chinese and Japanese art at Waseda University...

       (poet
      Poetry
      Poetry is a form of literary art in which language is used for its aesthetic and evocative qualities in addition to, or in lieu of, its apparent meaning...

      , calligrapher
      Calligraphy
      Calligraphy is a type of visual art. It is often called the art of fancy lettering . A contemporary definition of calligraphic practice is "the art of giving form to signs in an expressive, harmonious and skillful manner"...

       and historian
      History
      History is the discovery, collection, organization, and presentation of information about past events. History can also mean the period of time after writing was invented. Scholars who write about history are called historians...

      )

    Actors and voice actors

    • Toshihito Ito
      Toshihito Ito
      ) was a Japanese actor and member of the Tokyo Sunshine Boys theatrical troupe. He was born on February 16, 1962 in Niigata, Japan. He died on May 24th, 2002 from a Subarachnoid hemorrhage in the brain....

       (actor
      Actor
      An actor is a person who acts in a dramatic production and who works in film, television, theatre, or radio in that capacity...

      )
    • Masashi Mikami
      Masashi Mikami
      is a Japanese actor. He was born on June 20, 1983 and has appeared in several dramas. One of his most notable roles was Souta Mogami/BoukenBlue in the Super Sentai series GoGo Sentai Boukenger. He has recently been accepted into the D-Boys acting troupe...

       (actor
      Actor
      An actor is a person who acts in a dramatic production and who works in film, television, theatre, or radio in that capacity...

      )
    • Bin Shimada
      Bin Shimada
      is a Japanese voice actor. He is currently affiliated with the talent management firm Aoni Production.-References:* Nakagami, Yoshikatsu et al. "You're Under Arrest: Full Throttle". Newtype USA. pp. 48–49.-External links:...

       (voice actor)
    • Keiko Yokozawa
      Keiko Yokozawa
      , born September 2, 1952 in Niigata, Japan, is a Japanese seiyū.She is most known for the roles of Dorami , Mami Sakura , Benio Hanamura , and Sheeta -External links:...

       (voice actor)

    Musicians

    • Double
      Double (singer)
      Double is the stage name for Japanese R&B singer . Double used to be the name for the two member R&B group consisting of Takako and her sister Sachiko. After the death of her sister in May 1999, Takako started her solo career adopting Double as her stage name...

       (singer)
    • Yoko Ishida
      Yoko Ishida
      is a Japanese singer, employed by Hyper Voice. She is known for having performed theme songs for anime shows such as Prétear, Ai Yori Aoshi and the Ah! My Goddess TV series, as well as for having sung for the Para Para Max CD series....

       (singer)
    • Kazuya Kato
      Kazuya Kato
      is a Japanese mathematician. He grew up in the prefecture of Wakayama in Japan. He attended college at the University of Tokyo, from which he also obtained his master's degree in 1975, and his PhD in 1980. He was a professor at Tokyo University, Tokyo Institute of Technology and Kyoto University...

       (bassist
      Bassist
      A bass player, or bassist is a musician who plays a bass instrument such as a double bass, bass guitar, keyboard bass or a low brass instrument such as a tuba or sousaphone. Different musical genres tend to be associated with one or more of these instruments...

      )
    • Katsutaro Kouta
      Katsutaro Kouta
      was a Japanese female geisha and ryūkōka singer. The genre like her songs was called "New-Minyo". The era when she had a high popularity with another popular geisha singer Ichimaru was called the "Katsu-Ichi Era".- Career :...

       (singer)
    • Közi
      Közi
      Közi is a Japanese musician who plays guitar, piano, keyboard and synthesizer. Közi is best known as guitarist for the visual kei rock band Malice Mizer. After the band went on an indefinite hiatus in 2001, he joined the industrial rock act Eve of Destiny and also started a solo career...

       (guitarist
      Guitarist
      A guitarist is a musician who plays the guitar. Guitarists may play a variety of instruments such as classical guitars, acoustic guitars, electric guitars, and bass guitars. Some guitarists accompany themselves on the guitar while singing.- Versatility :The guitarist controls an extremely...

      )
    • Akira Yamaoka
      Akira Yamaoka
      is a video game composer, sound designer, sound director, and video game producer who worked for Konami since 1993 until his resignation in 2009. He is best known for creating the music in the Silent Hill series; he also worked as a sound director and producer on the series as well as serving as a...

       (composer
      Composer
      A composer is a person who creates music, either by musical notation or oral tradition, for interpretation and performance, or through direct manipulation of sonic material through electronic media...

      )

    Others

    • Kunio Maekawa
      Kunio Maekawa
      was a Japanese architect.-Formative years:He entered First Tokyo Middle School in 1918, and then Tokyo Imperial University in 1925. After graduation in 1928, he travelled to France to apprentice with Le Corbusier. In 1930 he returned to Japan and worked with Antonin Raymond, and in 1935 established...

       (architect
      Architect
      An architect is a person trained in the planning, design and oversight of the construction of buildings. To practice architecture means to offer or render services in connection with the design and construction of a building, or group of buildings and the space within the site surrounding the...

      )
    • Tadao Sato
      Tadao Sato
      is a prominent Japanese film critic and film theorist. Satō has published more than 30 books on film, and is one of the foremost scholars and historians addressing Japanese film, though little of his work has been translated for publication abroad....

       (film critic and film theorist)
    • Megumi Sato
      Megumi Sato (athlete)
      is a retired Japanese high jumper. Her personal best jump was 1.95 metres, achieved in May 1987 in Fukuoka.At the Olympic Games she finished eleventh in 1988 and seventh in 1992. She won the bronze medal at the 1987 Summer Universiade and 1990 Goodwill Games. On the regional level she won the 1986...

       (high jumper)
    • Meiko Satomura
      Meiko Satomura
      Meiko Satomura is a Japanese professional wrestler. She co-founded Sendai Girls' Pro Wrestling-Media:Satomura appeared in the 2000 documentary made for the BBC by Kim Longinotto and Jano Williams.-In wrestling:*Finishing moves...

       (professional wrestler)
    • Megumi Yokota
      Megumi Yokota
      was one of at least 17 Japanese citizens kidnapped by North Korea in the late 1970s and early 1980s. She was abducted on November 15, 1977 at the age of thirteen and apparently forced to help train North Korean spies to pass as Japanese citizens...

      , abduction victim

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