New Doha International Airport
New Doha International Airport (NDIA) is an international airport currently under construction in Doha
Doha is the capital city of the state of Qatar. Located on the Persian Gulf, it had a population of 998,651 in 2008, and is also one of the municipalities of Qatar...

, capital of Qatar
Qatar , also known as the State of Qatar or locally Dawlat Qaṭar, is a sovereign Arab state, located in the Middle East, occupying the small Qatar Peninsula on the northeasterly coast of the much larger Arabian Peninsula. Its sole land border is with Saudi Arabia to the south, with the rest of its...

. NDIA was slated to replace the old Doha International Airport
Doha International Airport
Doha International Airport is the only commercial airport in Qatar. It has three mosques, free Wi-Fi, a duty-free area, a few eateries and 42 parking bays for aircraft. There are also 60 check-in gates, 8 baggage claim belts and over 1,000 car parking spaces.The airport suffers from...

 as Qatar
Qatar , also known as the State of Qatar or locally Dawlat Qaṭar, is a sovereign Arab state, located in the Middle East, occupying the small Qatar Peninsula on the northeasterly coast of the much larger Arabian Peninsula. Its sole land border is with Saudi Arabia to the south, with the rest of its...

's only international airport in 2009. Current estimates have a completion date of 2011/2012. It is being built 5 kilometers east of the current airport.


The current airport witnessed a high growth in passenger and cargo levels in recent years, and its terminal suffers from over-crowding. This rapid growth was mainly brought by the fast expansion of Qatar's state airline Qatar Airways
Qatar Airways
Qatar Airways Company Q.C.S.C. , operating as Qatar Airways, is the flag carrier of Qatar. Headquartered in the Qatar Airways Tower in Doha, it operates a hub-and-spoke network, linking over 100 international destinations from its base in Doha, using a fleet of over 100 aircraft...

. Other growth came from the booming economy of Qatar. Planning took place in 2003 and construction began in 2004 and the first two phases are scheduled to open in January, 2012 while the third and final phase is scheduled for 2015. The airport will be built over 22 square kilometers, half of which is on reclaimed land. This airport was finished in 2011.

NDIA was designed primarily to deal with the growing volume of traffic at the airport. The airport will be able to handle 29 million annual passengers at its opening, three times as many as the current airport capacity. Upon completion, it will be able to handle 50 million passengers. However, the financial news website said that the expected capacity would be up to 93 million passengers, making it the second largest capacity holder in the region after Dubai
Dubai International Airport
Dubai International Airport is an international airport serving Dubai, the largest city of the United Arab Emirates. It is a major aviation hub in the Middle East, and is the main airport of Dubai. It is situated in the Al Garhoud district, southeast of Dubai...

. It is also expected to handle 320,000 aircraft movements and 2 million tonnes of cargo annually. The check-in and retail areas are expected to be 12 times larger than at the current airport (two-thirds the size of Doha). Moving walkways will be installed to handle the traffic. It will have a 3-star transit hotel and one 5-star luxury hotel. A catering service will be provided, catering of 75,000 meals a day.

The airport is being given oasis theming. Many of the buildings will be water-themed, with waved roofs and desert plants being grown in recycled water.

To emphasize its modernity, a massive environmental project has sprung up around the airport. A portion of the site is being built on top of a landfill
A landfill site , is a site for the disposal of waste materials by burial and is the oldest form of waste treatment...

, which was moved to a cleaner and better organized facility. It became the largest landfill relocation in the Persian Gulf region. The airport will be equipped with heat and occupancy CO2
Carbon dioxide
Carbon dioxide is a naturally occurring chemical compound composed of two oxygen atoms covalently bonded to a single carbon atom...

 sensors, and the roof will be tinted to conserve energy.

The NDIA Steering Committee awarded the contract to develop the airport to Bechtel
Bechtel Corporation is the largest engineering company in the United States, ranking as the 5th-largest privately owned company in the U.S...

. The terminal and concourses were designed by renowned architecture firm HOK
Hellmuth, Obata and Kassabaum
HOK is a global architecture, interiors, engineering, planning and consulting firm. HOK is the largest U.S.-based architecture-engineering firm and the "No. 1 role model for sustainable and high-performance design." HOK also is the second-largest interior design firm...

. The contract includes the design, construction management and project management of the new facilities. About 32 Contracts Packages are planned to be awarded to subcontractors.

Phase I

Site works for Phase I Development commenced at site since March 2004. Schedule of works as of September 2008 :
a) Construction completed : Site mobilization; Excavation
Earthworks (engineering)
Earthworks are engineering works created through the moving or processing of quantities of soil or unformed rock.- Civil engineering use :Typical earthworks include roads, railway beds, causeways, dams, levees, canals, and berms...

 & removal of rubbish tip; Reclamation; Engineered Landfill; Passenger Terminal Foundation
b) Construction in progress : Passenger Terminal Complex; Emiri Terminal, Parking Structure & Public Mosque; Airfield Paving & Road Tunnel; Utility System; Airside/Landside Roadways; Airport Operation Facilities; Fuel System; Air Traffic Control
Air traffic control
Air traffic control is a service provided by ground-based controllers who direct aircraft on the ground and in the air. The primary purpose of ATC systems worldwide is to separate aircraft to prevent collisions, to organize and expedite the flow of traffic, and to provide information and other...

c) Design in progress : Landscaping & Irrigation
Irrigation may be defined as the science of artificial application of water to the land or soil. It is used to assist in the growing of agricultural crops, maintenance of landscapes, and revegetation of disturbed soils in dry areas and during periods of inadequate rainfall...

; & Support Facilities; Airline Engineering & Operation Facilities.
d) Contract Formatting : Airline Support Facilities; Catering Facility; CAA Headquarter Facility; Aircraft Maintenance Hangar; Terminal Access Tunnel & Cross Taxiways.

Phase II and III

The second phase of construction includes adding a further 16 contact gates and extending the terminal building to 416,000m². There will also be a suspended monorail system for transporting passengers throughout the terminals. An additional luxury hotel will be constructed to accommodate the additional passenger capacity of over 25 million a year who will pass through the airport.
The third phase includes the addition of a further 40 contact gates, which would bring the final total to 80. The terminal building will extend to 416,000m² to accommodate the extra gates and therefore will be capable of handling the projected 50 million passengers, 320,000 aircraft movements and two million tons of cargo a year.
Final completion is expected in 2015. When fully completed, New Doha International Airport will be able to service six A380-800 superjumbos simultaneously. This airport will be the first in the world specifically built to accommodate this specific aircraft.


The airport will have two parallel runways. The first will be 4850 m (15,912.1 ft) and will be the longest runway in Western Asia, and also one of the longest runways in the world. The second runway, constructed as part of Phase Three, will be 4250 m (13,943.6 ft).


In comparison with other major airports around the world, it will be one of the largest in the world.

Technology and Features

In May 2007 ARINC and Thales (a company specializing in Aerospace & Space, Defence and Security systems) were awarded a $75 million contract for the IT, telecommunications and security systems of the new airport. These will consist of ARINC iMuse CUTE (Common-Use Terminal Equipment) equipment at over 100 check-in desks throughout the ticket hall. The information exchange infrastructure for data movement across the airport will be installed by ARINC as well. Thales will work on the safety and security systems and the local area network (LAN) for internet use by passengers.
Both ARINC and Thales will be involved in project design and management. Further technology is being installed on the runway and Qinetiq (a UK defense contractor) will provide Tarsier, a radar-based runway debris detection system. Three radar systems will scan the runway 24 hours a day and locate any debris or objects which could damage aircraft or be sucked into engines.
The completed terminal will have moving walkways to aid in movement of passengers around the complex. In addition, CO2 and heat occupancy sensors (a smart building technology) will be installed so that services can be tailored according to passenger numbers and regulate air intake. In addition the wave-like roof of the terminal will be tinted to prevent glare from the sun and to conserve energy.
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