National Geographic Channel
Overview
 
National Geographic Channel, also commercially abbreviated and trademarked as Nat Geo, is a subscription television channel
Television channel
A television channel is a physical or virtual channel over which a television station or television network is distributed. For example, in North America, "channel 2" refers to the broadcast or cable band of 54 to 60 MHz, with carrier frequencies of 55.25 MHz for NTSC analog video and...

 that airs non-fiction
Non-fiction
Non-fiction is the form of any narrative, account, or other communicative work whose assertions and descriptions are understood to be fact...

 television programs produced by the National Geographic Society
National Geographic Society
The National Geographic Society , headquartered in Washington, D.C. in the United States, is one of the largest non-profit scientific and educational institutions in the world. Its interests include geography, archaeology and natural science, the promotion of environmental and historical...

. Like History and the Discovery Channel
Discovery Channel
Discovery Channel is an American satellite and cable specialty channel , founded by John Hendricks and distributed by Discovery Communications. It is a publicly traded company run by CEO David Zaslav...

, the channel features documentaries with factual content involving nature
Nature
Nature, in the broadest sense, is equivalent to the natural world, physical world, or material world. "Nature" refers to the phenomena of the physical world, and also to life in general...

, science
Science
Science is a systematic enterprise that builds and organizes knowledge in the form of testable explanations and predictions about the universe...

, culture
Culture
Culture is a term that has many different inter-related meanings. For example, in 1952, Alfred Kroeber and Clyde Kluckhohn compiled a list of 164 definitions of "culture" in Culture: A Critical Review of Concepts and Definitions...

, and history
History
History is the discovery, collection, organization, and presentation of information about past events. History can also mean the period of time after writing was invented. Scholars who write about history are called historians...

. The channel is owned primarily by Fox Cable Networks, a division of News Corporation
News Corporation
News Corporation or News Corp. is an American multinational media conglomerate. It is the world's second-largest media conglomerate as of 2011 in terms of revenue, and the world's third largest in entertainment as of 2009, although the BBC remains the world's largest broadcaster...

. Its primary sister network worldwide, including the United States
United States
The United States of America is a federal constitutional republic comprising fifty states and a federal district...

, is Nat Geo WILD, which focuses on animal programming, including the popular Dog Whisperer with Cesar Millan.
In September 1997, the world's first National Geographic Channel was launched in the UK, Europe and Australia.
Encyclopedia
National Geographic Channel, also commercially abbreviated and trademarked as Nat Geo, is a subscription television channel
Television channel
A television channel is a physical or virtual channel over which a television station or television network is distributed. For example, in North America, "channel 2" refers to the broadcast or cable band of 54 to 60 MHz, with carrier frequencies of 55.25 MHz for NTSC analog video and...

 that airs non-fiction
Non-fiction
Non-fiction is the form of any narrative, account, or other communicative work whose assertions and descriptions are understood to be fact...

 television programs produced by the National Geographic Society
National Geographic Society
The National Geographic Society , headquartered in Washington, D.C. in the United States, is one of the largest non-profit scientific and educational institutions in the world. Its interests include geography, archaeology and natural science, the promotion of environmental and historical...

. Like History and the Discovery Channel
Discovery Channel
Discovery Channel is an American satellite and cable specialty channel , founded by John Hendricks and distributed by Discovery Communications. It is a publicly traded company run by CEO David Zaslav...

, the channel features documentaries with factual content involving nature
Nature
Nature, in the broadest sense, is equivalent to the natural world, physical world, or material world. "Nature" refers to the phenomena of the physical world, and also to life in general...

, science
Science
Science is a systematic enterprise that builds and organizes knowledge in the form of testable explanations and predictions about the universe...

, culture
Culture
Culture is a term that has many different inter-related meanings. For example, in 1952, Alfred Kroeber and Clyde Kluckhohn compiled a list of 164 definitions of "culture" in Culture: A Critical Review of Concepts and Definitions...

, and history
History
History is the discovery, collection, organization, and presentation of information about past events. History can also mean the period of time after writing was invented. Scholars who write about history are called historians...

. The channel is owned primarily by Fox Cable Networks, a division of News Corporation
News Corporation
News Corporation or News Corp. is an American multinational media conglomerate. It is the world's second-largest media conglomerate as of 2011 in terms of revenue, and the world's third largest in entertainment as of 2009, although the BBC remains the world's largest broadcaster...

. Its primary sister network worldwide, including the United States
United States
The United States of America is a federal constitutional republic comprising fifty states and a federal district...

, is Nat Geo WILD, which focuses on animal programming, including the popular Dog Whisperer with Cesar Millan.

Overview

In September 1997, the world's first National Geographic Channel was launched in the UK, Europe and Australia. In July 1998, National Geographic Channel Asia was launched in partnership and distribution with STAR TV
STAR TV
Satellite Television Asia Region is an Asian TV service owned by Rupert Murdoch's News Corporation. It is headquartered in Hong Kong, with regional offices in mainland China, Taiwan....

 (Before replacing NBC Asia Channel. The same happened in NBC Europe
NBC Europe
NBC Europe was a satellite television channel based in the United Kingdom that broadcast across Europe...

's demise in 1998). Today, the channel is available in over 143 countries, seen in more than 160 million homes and in 25 languages.

In the United States, National Geographic Channel, launched on January 12, 2001, is a joint venture of National Geographic Television & Film
National Geographic Society
The National Geographic Society , headquartered in Washington, D.C. in the United States, is one of the largest non-profit scientific and educational institutions in the world. Its interests include geography, archaeology and natural science, the promotion of environmental and historical...

 and Fox Cable Networks. National Geographic provides programming expertise and the Fox Networks Group provides its expertise on distribution
Distribution (business)
Product distribution is one of the four elements of the marketing mix. An organization or set of organizations involved in the process of making a product or service available for use or consumption by a consumer or business user.The other three parts of the marketing mix are product, pricing,...

, marketing
Marketing
Marketing is the process used to determine what products or services may be of interest to customers, and the strategy to use in sales, communications and business development. It generates the strategy that underlies sales techniques, business communication, and business developments...

, and ad sales.

In Canada, the channel (National Geographic Channel (Canada)) is owned by Shaw Media
Shaw Media
Shaw Media is the television broadcasting division of Shaw Communications. Shaw Media owns the Global Television Network, which broadcasts via 11 television stations, as well as various specialty channels including HGTV Canada, Showcase, Food Network Canada, and History Television.Despite also...

 and National Geographic Channel USA, while the European versions are operated in partnership with Fox's sister company, British Sky Broadcasting (BSkyB), which has since sold to Fox in 2007. This includes an English language version for the UK, Iceland
Iceland
Iceland , described as the Republic of Iceland, is a Nordic and European island country in the North Atlantic Ocean, on the Mid-Atlantic Ridge. Iceland also refers to the main island of the country, which contains almost all the population and almost all the land area. The country has a population...

 and Republic of Ireland
Republic of Ireland
Ireland , described as the Republic of Ireland , is a sovereign state in Europe occupying approximately five-sixths of the island of the same name. Its capital is Dublin. Ireland, which had a population of 4.58 million in 2011, is a constitutional republic governed as a parliamentary democracy,...

, which is carried on BSkyB's own Sky Digital
Sky Digital (UK & Ireland)
Sky is the brand name for British Sky Broadcasting's digital satellite television and radio service, transmitted from SES Astra satellites located at 28.2° east and Eutelsat's Eurobird 1 satellite at 28.5°E. The service was originally launched as Sky Digital, distinguishing it from the original...

 pay TV service and also on TalkTalk TV in the UK, Sky Digital
Sky Digital (UK & Ireland)
Sky is the brand name for British Sky Broadcasting's digital satellite television and radio service, transmitted from SES Astra satellites located at 28.2° east and Eutelsat's Eurobird 1 satellite at 28.5°E. The service was originally launched as Sky Digital, distinguishing it from the original...

, UPC
UPC Ireland
UPC Ireland is Liberty Global Europe's telecommunications operation in Ireland. UPC Ireland is the largest digital cable television provider within the Republic of Ireland. As of September 2010 the company offers broadband internet, digital television and digital telephony to over 531,000 customers...

, Magnet Networks, SCTV in the Republic of Ireland and Skjarin in Iceland.

In Australia, National Geographic Channel is carried by Foxtel
Foxtel
Foxtel is an Australian pay television company, operating cable, direct broadcast satellite television and IPTV services. It was formed in 1995 through a joint venture established between Telstra and News Corporation....

, Optus
Optus
SingTel Optus Pty Limited is the second largest telecommunications company in Australia, and is a wholly owned subsidiary of Singapore Telecommunications...

, Austar
Austar
Austar is an Australian telecommunications company. Its main business activity is Subscription Television but it is also involved with internet access and mobile phones...

, Neighbourhood Cable
Neighbourhood Cable
Neighbourhood Cable is a telecommunications provider based in regional Victoria, Australia . Neighbourhood Cable owns and operates Hybrid Fibre Coaxial cable networks in three Victorian regional cities:* Mildura* Ballarat* Geelong...

, TransTV, and SelecTV. The Australian version includes Australian guest presenters of promotional material and to introduce certain programs, series and specials.

In New Zealand, National Geographic Channel is broadcast on SKY Network Television
SKY Network Television
Sky Network Television Limited , , is a New Zealand pay television service. On 30 June 2011, Sky had 829,421 subscribers, which comprises:*808,617 digital subscribers*20,840 other subscribers...

 and TelstraClear InHomeTV.

In South Africa, the channel is carried by Digital Satellite Television (also known as DStv
DStv
DStv is MultiChoice's multi-channel digital satellite TV service in Africa, launched in 1995. It operates from two satellites over Africa, broadcasting on Ku band via Eutelsat W7 and Intelsat 7 , which only requires a small satellite dish...

) is MultiChoice's multi-channel digital satellite TV service in Africa.

In the Middle East, an Arabic version is broadcasting free to air on Nilesat as National Geographic Abu Dhabi
National Geographic Abu Dhabi
National Geographic Abu Dhabi is a free-to-air documentary channel that started broadcasting on July 1, 2009. It is the official Arabic language edition of the National Geographic Channel. The channel broadcasts via Arabsat Badr 6, Nilesat 102, and Nilesat 103...

. It is co-owned by the National Geographic Society/Fox International Channels & Abu Dhabi Media Company.

Theme fanfare music

The National Geographic Channel's signature theme fanfare
Fanfare
A Fanfare is a relatively short piece of music that is typically played by trumpets and other brass instruments often accompanied by percussion...

 music is composed by Elmer Bernstein
Elmer Bernstein
Elmer Bernstein was an American composer and conductor best known for his many film scores. In a career which spanned fifty years, he composed music for hundreds of film and television productions...

, which is usually played at the beginning of many of the channel's television programs.

Nat Geo Music

Designed to offer an alternative music video channel for both international and smaller independent local labels with a focus on cultural lyrics and rhythms. Nat Geo Music became available in Italy on October 15, 2007, and will later be broadcast around the world.

Nat Geo Junior

Nat Geo Junior is broadcasted in the Netherlands, Belgium, India and created specifically for children. Nat Geo Junior also features as a block of programming on the National Geographic Channel in Asia.

National Geographic Channel HD

National Geographic Channel HD (NGC HD) in the USA is a 720p
720p
720p is the shorthand name for 1280x720, a category of High-definition television video modes having a resolution of 1080 or 720p and a progressive scan...

 high definition
High-definition television
High-definition television is video that has resolution substantially higher than that of traditional television systems . HDTV has one or two million pixels per frame, roughly five times that of SD...

 simulcast of the National Geographic Channel. It launched in January 2006. It is available nationwide on satellite providers DirecTV
DirecTV
DirecTV is an American direct broadcast satellite service provider and broadcaster based in El Segundo, California. Its satellite service, launched on June 17, 1994, transmits digital satellite television and audio to households in the United States, Latin America, and the Anglophone Caribbean. ...

, Dish Network
Dish Network
Dish Network Corporation is the second largest pay TV provider in the United States, providing direct broadcast satellite service—including satellite television, audio programming, and interactive television services—to 14.337 million commercial and residential customers in the United States. Dish...

, and on several cable providers.

In Canada, the Canadian edition of NGC HD launched on December 19, 2006. It is available nationally via the country's two satellite services, Shaw Direct on channel 276 and Bell TV on channel 828, as well as on various digital cable systems.

In Australia this channel has been available on the Foxtel HD+
Foxtel
Foxtel is an Australian pay television company, operating cable, direct broadcast satellite television and IPTV services. It was formed in 1995 through a joint venture established between Telstra and News Corporation....

 Service since July 1, 2008.

In Asia Pacific, this channel was the first channel to support 1080i HD and 5.1-channel surround sound. The channel was commercially available in Singapore
Singapore
Singapore , officially the Republic of Singapore, is a Southeast Asian city-state off the southern tip of the Malay Peninsula, north of the equator. An island country made up of 63 islands, it is separated from Malaysia by the Straits of Johor to its north and from Indonesia's Riau Islands by the...

 via StarHub TV Channel 301 on January 18, 2007, followed by Vietnam
Vietnam
Vietnam – sometimes spelled Viet Nam , officially the Socialist Republic of Vietnam – is the easternmost country on the Indochina Peninsula in Southeast Asia. It is bordered by China to the north, Laos to the northwest, Cambodia to the southwest, and the South China Sea –...

 via Vietnam Multimedia Corporation
Vietnam Multimedia Corporation
Vietnam Multimedia Corporation or Vietnam Television Corporation is a large multimedia corporation in Vietnam. It was founded on February, 1988 by Vietnam Television with the main purpose to construct television stations...

 (VTC). It was also available exclusively on now TV
Now TV
Now TV is a 24-hour pay-TV service provider in Hong Kong.It is transmitted through the company's Netvigator broadband network via an IPTV service...

 Channel 218 on December 19, 2007 in Hong Kong. Two years later, it became available as part of the initial bouquet of HD channels on Astro B.yond in Malaysia.

In Albania
Albania
Albania , officially known as the Republic of Albania , is a country in Southeastern Europe, in the Balkans region. It is bordered by Montenegro to the northwest, Kosovo to the northeast, the Republic of Macedonia to the east and Greece to the south and southeast. It has a coast on the Adriatic Sea...

, this Channel has been available since 2007 on Digitalb platform; which is the biggest HD
HD
HD may refer to:- Science and technology :* High-definition, reference to:** high-definition video** high-definition television ** Intel High Definition Audio** HD Voice...

 channel broadcaster in east Europe and Balkans
Balkans
The Balkans is a geopolitical and cultural region of southeastern Europe...

 with 14 HD
HD
HD may refer to:- Science and technology :* High-definition, reference to:** high-definition video** high-definition television ** Intel High Definition Audio** HD Voice...

 channels.

In Poland
Poland
Poland , officially the Republic of Poland , is a country in Central Europe bordered by Germany to the west; the Czech Republic and Slovakia to the south; Ukraine, Belarus and Lithuania to the east; and the Baltic Sea and Kaliningrad Oblast, a Russian exclave, to the north...

, this channel is available as of mid-2007 on Cyfra Plus platform with Polish and English soundtrack.

In Israel
Israel
The State of Israel is a parliamentary republic located in the Middle East, along the eastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea...

, this channel is available since late 2007 in HOT
Hot (Israel)
HOT Telecommunication Systems Ltd. is a company that provides cable television, last-mile Internet access, broadband and telecommunication services in Israel. It also provides various data transmission services and network services at different rates, services to the business sector and other...

 (cable) and yes (satellite).

In Slovakia
Slovakia
The Slovak Republic is a landlocked state in Central Europe. It has a population of over five million and an area of about . Slovakia is bordered by the Czech Republic and Austria to the west, Poland to the north, Ukraine to the east and Hungary to the south...

, this channel is available since 2008 in digital TV product UPC Digital.

In Czech Republic
Czech Republic
The Czech Republic is a landlocked country in Central Europe. The country is bordered by Poland to the northeast, Slovakia to the east, Austria to the south, and Germany to the west and northwest....

, this channel is available since spring 2008 on digital cable from UPC Digital, channel 54. Both, Czech and Slovak feeds of NGC HD were transmitted directly from the UK (Sky+ HD) and came with English audio track only (DD/AC3). This was later changed and this countries now have European feed, which is expected to be localized in the Czech language in autumn 2011. Since 20. July 2011, this channel is also available in both countries in Skylink.

In Turkey
Turkey
Turkey , known officially as the Republic of Turkey , is a Eurasian country located in Western Asia and in East Thrace in Southeastern Europe...

, this channel is available since 2008 in digital TV product Digiturk
Digiturk
Digiturk is a Turkish Satellite television provider, founded in 1999, with services starting in mid-2000. They offer, both national cable TV channels and their own channels, national radio, and music streams of different genres. Digiturk is also the current owner of the broadcasting rights of...

.

In Romania
Romania
Romania is a country located at the crossroads of Central and Southeastern Europe, on the Lower Danube, within and outside the Carpathian arch, bordering on the Black Sea...

, this channel is available since February 1, 2010 on digital cable (DVB-C
DVB-C
DVB-C stands for Digital Video Broadcasting - Cable and it is the DVB European consortium standard for the broadcast transmission of digital television over cable...

) from UPC Romania and since June 1, 2010 from RCS-RDS.

In Latin America
Latin America
Latin America is a region of the Americas where Romance languages  – particularly Spanish and Portuguese, and variably French – are primarily spoken. Latin America has an area of approximately 21,069,500 km² , almost 3.9% of the Earth's surface or 14.1% of its land surface area...

, this channel is a programming block on the Fox HD
Fox HD (Latin America)
Fox HD is a Latin American channel that mix programing from Fox Broadcasting Company and National Geographic Channel in HD. It was released in 2008 on DirecTV Latin America in the channel 1003....

 channel.

In Greece
Greece
Greece , officially the Hellenic Republic , and historically Hellas or the Republic of Greece in English, is a country in southeastern Europe....

, this channel is available since December 22, 2010 in NOVA Greece
NOVA Greece
NOVA Greece is a Greek digital satellite pay TV platform owned by Multichoice Hellas. It was launched in December 1999.NOVA offers Greek subscribers an array of international and domestic programmes plus the majority of popular Greek terrestrial TV channels along with a number of Greek...

.

In India
India
India , officially the Republic of India , is a country in South Asia. It is the seventh-largest country by geographical area, the second-most populous country with over 1.2 billion people, and the most populous democracy in the world...

, this channel is available since April 15, 2011. It can be viewed on DishTVAirtel digital TV,Reliance digital TV,Dish TV,SUN Direct,and TataSky, featuring 1080i & 5.1 surround sound.

In Latvia
Latvia
Latvia , officially the Republic of Latvia , is a country in the Baltic region of Northern Europe. It is bordered to the north by Estonia , to the south by Lithuania , to the east by the Russian Federation , to the southeast by Belarus and shares maritime borders to the west with Sweden...

, this channel is available since October 1, 2011. It can be viewed on Lattelecom
Lattelecom
Lattelecom is a Latvian internet service provider and telecommunications company.The Lattelecom group provides IT, telecommunication and outsourced business process solutions that are provided by all of the companies of the group...

 and many cabel networks.

In Iran
Iran
Iran , officially the Islamic Republic of Iran , is a country in Southern and Western Asia. The name "Iran" has been in use natively since the Sassanian era and came into use internationally in 1935, before which the country was known to the Western world as Persia...

, this channel is available since October 15, 2011. It can be viewed on W3A - 10721h - Vertical - FEC 2/4.

Nat Geo Mundo

A channel for the U.S. Hispanics
Hispanic and Latino Americans
Hispanic or Latino Americans are Americans with origins in the Hispanic countries of Latin America or in Spain, and in general all persons in the United States who self-identify as Hispanic or Latino.1990 Census of Population and Housing: A self-designated classification for people whose origins...

 includes original programming for the audience. The channel launched in 2011.

See also

  • National Geographic Channel (Australia)
    National Geographic Channel (Australia)
    National Geographic Channel Australia and New Zealand is a subscription television network that features documentaries produced by the National Geographic Society...

  • National Geographic Abu Dhabi
    National Geographic Abu Dhabi
    National Geographic Abu Dhabi is a free-to-air documentary channel that started broadcasting on July 1, 2009. It is the official Arabic language edition of the National Geographic Channel. The channel broadcasts via Arabsat Badr 6, Nilesat 102, and Nilesat 103...

  • Nat Geo Adventure Channel Australia
  • National Geographic Channel (Canada)
  • National Geographic Channel (UK)
    National Geographic Channel (UK)
    The National Geographic Channel is a television channel that features documentaries produced by the National Geographic Society. It features some programming similar to that on the Discovery Channel such as nature and science documentaries. The channel was launched in Europe in September 1997 and...

  • National Geographic Channel (Asia)
    National Geographic Channel (Asia)
    The National Geographic Channel, also commercially abbreviated as Nat Geo, is an Asian subscription television channel that features non-fiction, factual programming involving nature, science, culture, and history, produced by the National Geographic Society, just like History and the Discovery...

  • National Geographic Channel (Greece)
    National Geographic Channel Greece
    National Geographic Channel Greece is a subscription television network, launched by the Fox International Channels, which launched in 2001 and is only available to the subscribers of NOVA Greece...

  • National Geographic Channel (South Korea)
    National Geographic Channel (South Korea)
    National Geographic Channel is a South Korean subscription television channel that airs non-fiction television programs produced by the National Geographic Society...

  • List of programs broadcast by National Geographic Channel
  • List of DirecTV channels
  • List of Dish Network channels
  • List of documentary channels

External links


Nicklodeon
The source of this article is wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.  The text of this article is licensed under the GFDL.
 
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