Munich Tramway
Overview
 
The Munich tramway is the tram
Tram
A tram is a passenger rail vehicle which runs on tracks along public urban streets and also sometimes on separate rights of way. It may also run between cities and/or towns , and/or partially grade separated even in the cities...

way network for the city of Munich
Munich
Munich The city's motto is "" . Before 2006, it was "Weltstadt mit Herz" . Its native name, , is derived from the Old High German Munichen, meaning "by the monks' place". The city's name derives from the monks of the Benedictine order who founded the city; hence the monk depicted on the city's coat...

 in Germany
Germany
Germany , officially the Federal Republic of Germany , is a federal parliamentary republic in Europe. The country consists of 16 states while the capital and largest city is Berlin. Germany covers an area of 357,021 km2 and has a largely temperate seasonal climate...

. Today it is operated by the municipally owned Münchner Verkehrsgesellschaft (the Munich Transport Company, or MVG) and is known officially and colloquially as the Tram. Previous operators have included Société Anonyme des Tramways de Munich, the Münchner Trambahn-Aktiengesellschaft, the Städtische Straßenbahnen and the Straßenbahn München.

The tram network interconnects with the MVG's bus network, the Munich U-Bahn
Munich U-Bahn
The Munich U-Bahn system is an electric rail rapid transit network in Munich, Germany. "U-Bahn" is the German contraction for Untergrundbahn or "subway." It is operated by the municipally owned Münchner Verkehrsgesellschaft...

 and the Munich S-Bahn
Munich S-Bahn
The Munich S-Bahn is an electric rail transit system in Munich, Germany. "S-Bahn" is the German abbreviation for stadtschnellbahn , and the Munich S-Bahn exhibits characteristics of both rapid transit and commuter rail systems.The Munich S-Bahn network is operated by S-Bahn München, a subsidiary...

, all of which use a common tariff as part of the Münchner Verkehrs- und Tarifverbund (Munich Transport and Tariff Association, or MVV) transit area.

The daytime tram network comprises eleven lines and is 75 kilometres (46.6 mi) long with 155 stops
Tram stop
A tram stop is a place designated for a tram to stop so passengers can board or alight it. Tram stops share most characteristics of bus stops, but because trams operate on rails, they often include railway platforms, especially if stepless entries are provided for accessibility...

.
Encyclopedia
The Munich tramway is the tram
Tram
A tram is a passenger rail vehicle which runs on tracks along public urban streets and also sometimes on separate rights of way. It may also run between cities and/or towns , and/or partially grade separated even in the cities...

way network for the city of Munich
Munich
Munich The city's motto is "" . Before 2006, it was "Weltstadt mit Herz" . Its native name, , is derived from the Old High German Munichen, meaning "by the monks' place". The city's name derives from the monks of the Benedictine order who founded the city; hence the monk depicted on the city's coat...

 in Germany
Germany
Germany , officially the Federal Republic of Germany , is a federal parliamentary republic in Europe. The country consists of 16 states while the capital and largest city is Berlin. Germany covers an area of 357,021 km2 and has a largely temperate seasonal climate...

. Today it is operated by the municipally owned Münchner Verkehrsgesellschaft (the Munich Transport Company, or MVG) and is known officially and colloquially as the Tram. Previous operators have included Société Anonyme des Tramways de Munich, the Münchner Trambahn-Aktiengesellschaft, the Städtische Straßenbahnen and the Straßenbahn München.

The tram network interconnects with the MVG's bus network, the Munich U-Bahn
Munich U-Bahn
The Munich U-Bahn system is an electric rail rapid transit network in Munich, Germany. "U-Bahn" is the German contraction for Untergrundbahn or "subway." It is operated by the municipally owned Münchner Verkehrsgesellschaft...

 and the Munich S-Bahn
Munich S-Bahn
The Munich S-Bahn is an electric rail transit system in Munich, Germany. "S-Bahn" is the German abbreviation for stadtschnellbahn , and the Munich S-Bahn exhibits characteristics of both rapid transit and commuter rail systems.The Munich S-Bahn network is operated by S-Bahn München, a subsidiary...

, all of which use a common tariff as part of the Münchner Verkehrs- und Tarifverbund (Munich Transport and Tariff Association, or MVV) transit area.

The daytime tram network comprises eleven lines and is 75 kilometres (46.6 mi) long with 155 stops
Tram stop
A tram stop is a place designated for a tram to stop so passengers can board or alight it. Tram stops share most characteristics of bus stops, but because trams operate on rails, they often include railway platforms, especially if stepless entries are provided for accessibility...

. There is also a night tram service with four routes. The network is operated by 95 trams and transported 98 million people in 2010.

History

The tramway started in 1876, with a horsecar
Horsecar
A horsecar or horse-drawn tram is an animal-powered streetcar or tram.These early forms of public transport developed out of industrial haulage routes that had long been in existence, and from the omnibus routes that first ran on public streets in the 1820s, using the newly improved iron or steel...

 service. The first tramways extended from Karlsplatz (Stachus), which remains one of central nodes of Munich's tram network. Two years later, the Société Anonyme des Tramways de Munich was founded. In 1882, the Münchner Trambahn-Aktiengesellschaft (MTAG) was founded.

Electric trams were introduced in 1895, and in 1900, the last horsecar was taken out of service. In 1907, MTAG was taken over by the city, and changed its name to Städtische Straßenbahnen. In 1919, the municipal agency Münchner Straßenbahnen was established. After World War II ended in 1945, only twenty tram lines remained; of 444 trams, only 168 were in operational condition. In 1956, the first new tram line after the war was opened.

The 1972 Munich Olympic Games
1972 Summer Olympics
The 1972 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XX Olympiad, were an international multi-sport event held in Munich, West Germany, from August 26 to September 11, 1972....

 presaged a major expansion of public transport in the city. In 1965, construction of the Munich U-Bahn
Munich U-Bahn
The Munich U-Bahn system is an electric rail rapid transit network in Munich, Germany. "U-Bahn" is the German contraction for Untergrundbahn or "subway." It is operated by the municipally owned Münchner Verkehrsgesellschaft...

, the city's rapid transit
Rapid transit
A rapid transit, underground, subway, elevated railway, metro or metropolitan railway system is an electric passenger railway in an urban area with a high capacity and frequency, and grade separation from other traffic. Rapid transit systems are typically located either in underground tunnels or on...

 system, was started. It opened in 1971, the same year as the transit authority MVV was founded. In 1972 a new S-Bahn network opened that, like the U-Bahn, was carried in new tunnels under the city centre. As these networks grew, they seemed to threaten the tram network, with extensive line closures in favour of the new modes.

Such closures continued into the 1990s, but in 1991 the city council passed a plan to upgrade and modernize the tramway, as the trams were seen to be a better fit to expected passenger flows on many routes. Three years later, Class R2 low-floor trams
Low-floor tram
A low-floor tram is a tram that has no stair steps between one or more entrances and part or all of the passenger cabin. The low-floor design improves the accessibility of the tram for the public, and also may provide larger windows and more airspace....

 were introduced, along with a night network. These were followed, in 1999, by the larger class R3 trams. In 2001, the voltage on which the trams operate was increased from 600 to 750V
Volt
The volt is the SI derived unit for electric potential, electric potential difference, and electromotive force. The volt is named in honor of the Italian physicist Alessandro Volta , who invented the voltaic pile, possibly the first chemical battery.- Definition :A single volt is defined as the...

. The following year the MVG was formed.

In 2009 the brand new route 23 was opened. This route acts as a feeder route for U-Bahn lines U3 and U6, to which it connects in an elaborate terminus above Münchner Freiheit U-Bahn station
Münchner Freiheit (Munich U-Bahn)
Münchner Freiheit is a Munich U-Bahn interchange station in the Munich borough of Schwabing-Freimann. Here, the U3 and U6 subway lines part, with U3 continuing west towards Scheidplatz and U6 continuing north towards Freimann...

. The line has no interchanges with other tram routes, but is connected to the rest of the tram network by a connecting track that carries no public service.

Operation

Vehicles

The tram system utilises four classes of trams:
  • The class P tram is a two-section high-floor articulated motor tram carried on two four-wheeled trucks, usually operating with a similar articulated trailer tram. The trams were built by Rathgeber between 1967 and 1969, and a two car set carries 315 passengers, with 151 seated. As of 2011, there are only six sets remaining, of which two are reserved for special services. It is expected that this class will be withdrawn from general service once delivery of the current order of class S cars is completed.
  • The class R2 tram is a three section 100% low floor articulated motor tram carried on six axles. The trams were built by Adtranz
    Adtranz
    ABB Daimler-Benz Transportation , commonly known under its brand Adtranz, was a multi-national rail transport equipment manufacturer with facilities concentrated in Europe and the USA....

     to their GT6N design between 1994 and 1997, and carry 157 passengers, of whom 58 are seated. As of 2011, 68 trams are in service.
  • The class R3 tram is a four section 100% low floor articulated motor tram carried on eight axles. The trams were built by Adtranz
    Adtranz
    ABB Daimler-Benz Transportation , commonly known under its brand Adtranz, was a multi-national rail transport equipment manufacturer with facilities concentrated in Europe and the USA....

     to their GT8N2 design between 1999 and 2001, and carry 218 passengers, of whom 67 are seated. As of 2011, 20 trams are in service.
  • The class S tram is a five section 100% low floor articulated motor tram carried on eight axles. The trams were built by Stadler
    Stadler Rail
    Stadler Rail AG , based in Bussnang, Switzerland, is a Swiss manufacturer of rail passenger cars.In 1942 Ernst Stadler founded the Stadler Engineering Office which later became Stadler Rail.- Factories :...

     to their Variotram
    Variotram
    Variotram is a German-designed articulated low-floor tram model. Since its introduction in 1993, the Variotram has been manufactured variously by ABB, Adtranz, Bombardier Transportation, and since 2001 by Stadler Rail. As of 2009, 254 trams have been ordered, with an additional 110 on option...

     design, and carry 221 passengers, of whom 75 are seated. Four trams of this design were delivered in 2009, and a further 10 are on order, with delivery expected in 2011.


A number of older trams are still owned by the MVG. Some are displayed in the MVG Museum, and may occasionally be seen on special services. Other Munich trams are displayed in the Verkehrszentrum (Transport Centre) of the Deutsches Museum
Deutsches Museum
The Deutsches Museum in Munich, Germany, is the world's largest museum of technology and science, with approximately 1.5 million visitors per year and about 28,000 exhibited objects from 50 fields of science and technology. The museum was founded on June 28, 1903, at a meeting of the Association...

 in Munich.

Network

The tram network comprises eleven daytime routes and four night routes. The routes total 75 kilometres (46.6 mi) in length, including 51 kilometres (31.7 mi) of segregated tram lane, with 155 stops
Tram stop
A tram stop is a place designated for a tram to stop so passengers can board or alight it. Tram stops share most characteristics of bus stops, but because trams operate on rails, they often include railway platforms, especially if stepless entries are provided for accessibility...

.

The network is standard gauge
Standard gauge
The standard gauge is a widely-used track gauge . Approximately 60% of the world's existing railway lines are built to this gauge...

 track and configured to allow a maximum body width of 2.3 metres (7.5 ft). It is electrified using overhead lines
Overhead lines
Overhead lines or overhead wires are used to transmit electrical energy to trams, trolleybuses or trains at a distance from the energy supply point...

 at 750V
Volt
The volt is the SI derived unit for electric potential, electric potential difference, and electromotive force. The volt is named in honor of the Italian physicist Alessandro Volta , who invented the voltaic pile, possibly the first chemical battery.- Definition :A single volt is defined as the...

 dc
Direct current
Direct current is the unidirectional flow of electric charge. Direct current is produced by such sources as batteries, thermocouples, solar cells, and commutator-type electric machines of the dynamo type. Direct current may flow in a conductor such as a wire, but can also flow through...

. As all Munich trams are single ended, facilities for turning trams, such as turning loops
Balloon loop
A balloon loop or turning loop allows a rail vehicle or train to reverse direction without having to shunt or even stop. Balloon loops can be useful for passenger trains and unit freight trains, such as coal trains....

 or wye tracks, are provided at all termini and strategic intermediate points.

Daytime routes

The daytime route network operates between 04:45 and 01:30, and comprises the following routes:
Line Route Stops Time
Scheidplatz
Scheidplatz (Munich U-Bahn)
Scheidplatz is a Munich U-Bahn interchange station in the borough of Schwabing-West. The station is also the northern terminus of route of the Munich tramway.-References:...

  - Hohenzollernplatz
Hohenzollernplatz (Munich U-Bahn)
Hohenzollernplatz is an U-Bahn station in Munich on the U2. The station is also served by routes and of the Munich tramway.-References:...

  - Leonrodplatz - Rotkreuzplatz  - Romanplatz
17 21 min
Max-Weber-Platz
Max-Weber-Platz (Munich U-Bahn)
Max-Weber-Platz is a Munich U-Bahn interchange station on the U4 and U5 lines in the borough of Haidhausen. It is named for the square, Max-Weber-Platz, above the station...

  - Rosenheimer Platz
München Rosenheimer Platz railway station
Rosenheimer Platz is a Munich S-Bahn railway station in Munich, borough of Au-Haidhausen. It is part of the "Stammstrecke", Munich's main railway tunnel connecting München Hauptbahnhof with München Ost...

  - Ostfriedhof - Silberhornstraße
Silberhornstraße (Munich U-Bahn)
Silberhornstraße is an U-Bahn station in Munich on the U2. It is located in upper Giesing. The station is also served by routes and of the Munich tramway.-References:...

  - Wettersteinplatz  - Großhesseloher Brücke
16 24 min
Romanplatz – Donnersbergerstraße – Hackerbrücke
München Hackerbrücke railway station
München Hackerbrücke is a railway station on the Stammstrecke in Munich, named after the Hackerbrücke which passes over it.The station is also served by routes and of the Munich tramway.-References:...

  – Hauptbahnhof
München Hauptbahnhof
Munich Central Station is the main railway station of the city of Munich in Germany. It is one of the three long distance train stations in Munich, the others being München-Pasing and München Ost. The station sees about 350,000 passengers a day, which puts it on par with other large stations in...

  – Sendlinger Tor 
14 17 min
Amalienburgstraße – Romanplatz – Donnersbergerstraße – Hackerbrücke
München Hackerbrücke railway station
München Hackerbrücke is a railway station on the Stammstrecke in Munich, named after the Hackerbrücke which passes over it.The station is also served by routes and of the Munich tramway.-References:...

  – Hauptbahnhof
München Hauptbahnhof
Munich Central Station is the main railway station of the city of Munich in Germany. It is one of the three long distance train stations in Munich, the others being München-Pasing and München Ost. The station sees about 350,000 passengers a day, which puts it on par with other large stations in...

  – Karlsplatz
München Karlsplatz railway station
München Karlsplatz is an underground S-Bahn and U-Bahn station below the Karlsplatz in central Munich. It is one of the busiest stations in Munich, as it is located at the western end of Munich's Altstadt ....

  – Sendlinger Tor  – Isartor
München Isartor railway station
Munich Isartor is a railway station in the Stammstrecke, the central tunnel connecting Hauptbahnhof with Ostbahnhof. It is named after the Isartor.Isartor is also served by routes and of the Munich tramway.-References:...

  – Maxmonument - Tivolistraße – Herkomerplatz – Effnerplatz
31 41 min
Gondrellplatz – Westendstraße – Lautensackstraße – Trappentreustraße – Hauptbahnhof Süd – Karlsplatz
München Karlsplatz railway station
München Karlsplatz is an underground S-Bahn and U-Bahn station below the Karlsplatz in central Munich. It is one of the busiest stations in Munich, as it is located at the western end of Munich's Altstadt ....

  – Sendlinger Tor  – Isartor
München Isartor railway station
Munich Isartor is a railway station in the Stammstrecke, the central tunnel connecting Hauptbahnhof with Ostbahnhof. It is named after the Isartor.Isartor is also served by routes and of the Munich tramway.-References:...

  – Max-Weber-Platz
Max-Weber-Platz (Munich U-Bahn)
Max-Weber-Platz is a Munich U-Bahn interchange station on the U4 and U5 lines in the borough of Haidhausen. It is named for the square, Max-Weber-Platz, above the station...

  – Herkomerplatz – Effnerplatz
33 45 min
Pasing Marienplatz  – Fürstenrieder Straße – Lautensackstraße – Trappentreustraße - Hauptbahnhof
München Hauptbahnhof
Munich Central Station is the main railway station of the city of Munich in Germany. It is one of the three long distance train stations in Munich, the others being München-Pasing and München Ost. The station sees about 350,000 passengers a day, which puts it on par with other large stations in...

  – Karlsplatz
München Karlsplatz railway station
München Karlsplatz is an underground S-Bahn and U-Bahn station below the Karlsplatz in central Munich. It is one of the busiest stations in Munich, as it is located at the western end of Munich's Altstadt ....

  – Theatinerstraße – Maxmonument - Maximilianeum
Maximilianeum
The Maximilianeum, a palatial building in Munich, was built as the home of a gifted students' foundation and has also housed the Bavarian Landtag since 1949.The principal was King Maximilian II of Bavaria, who started the project in 1857...

 – Max-Weber-Platz
Max-Weber-Platz (Munich U-Bahn)
Max-Weber-Platz is a Munich U-Bahn interchange station on the U4 and U5 lines in the borough of Haidhausen. It is named for the square, Max-Weber-Platz, above the station...

  - Ostbahnhof  – Kreillerstraße – St.-Veit-Straße
36 52 min
Moosach  – Westfriedhof  – Leonrodplatz – Hauptbahnhof
München Hauptbahnhof
Munich Central Station is the main railway station of the city of Munich in Germany. It is one of the three long distance train stations in Munich, the others being München-Pasing and München Ost. The station sees about 350,000 passengers a day, which puts it on par with other large stations in...

  – Karlsplatz
München Karlsplatz railway station
München Karlsplatz is an underground S-Bahn and U-Bahn station below the Karlsplatz in central Munich. It is one of the busiest stations in Munich, as it is located at the western end of Munich's Altstadt ....

 
16 22 min
Westfriedhof  – Leonrodplatz – Hauptbahnhof
München Hauptbahnhof
Munich Central Station is the main railway station of the city of Munich in Germany. It is one of the three long distance train stations in Munich, the others being München-Pasing and München Ost. The station sees about 350,000 passengers a day, which puts it on par with other large stations in...

  – Karlsplatz
München Karlsplatz railway station
München Karlsplatz is an underground S-Bahn and U-Bahn station below the Karlsplatz in central Munich. It is one of the busiest stations in Munich, as it is located at the western end of Munich's Altstadt ....

 
13 17 min
Münchner Freiheit
Münchner Freiheit (Munich U-Bahn)
Münchner Freiheit is a Munich U-Bahn interchange station in the Munich borough of Schwabing-Freimann. Here, the U3 and U6 subway lines part, with U3 continuing west towards Scheidplatz and U6 continuing north towards Freimann...

  — Potsdamer Straße — Parzivalplatz — Am Münchner Tor — Anni-Albers-Straße — Domagkstraße — Schwabing Nord
7 8 min
Max-Weber-Platz
Max-Weber-Platz (Munich U-Bahn)
Max-Weber-Platz is a Munich U-Bahn interchange station on the U4 and U5 lines in the borough of Haidhausen. It is named for the square, Max-Weber-Platz, above the station...

  – Rosenheimer Platz
München Rosenheimer Platz railway station
Rosenheimer Platz is a Munich S-Bahn railway station in Munich, borough of Au-Haidhausen. It is part of the "Stammstrecke", Munich's main railway tunnel connecting München Hauptbahnhof with München Ost...

  – Ostfriedhof – Silberhornstraße
Silberhornstraße (Munich U-Bahn)
Silberhornstraße is an U-Bahn station in Munich on the U2. It is located in upper Giesing. The station is also served by routes and of the Munich tramway.-References:...

  – Wettersteinplatz  – Großhesseloher Brücke - Grünwald, Derbolfinger Platz
22 32 min
Petuelring
Petuelring (Munich U-Bahn)
Petuelring is an U-Bahn station in Munich on the U3. It is also the northern terminus of route of the Munich tramway.-References:...

  – Hohenzollernplatz
Hohenzollernplatz (Munich U-Bahn)
Hohenzollernplatz is an U-Bahn station in Munich on the U2. The station is also served by routes and of the Munich tramway.-References:...

  – Karolinenplatz – Karlsplatz
München Karlsplatz railway station
München Karlsplatz is an underground S-Bahn and U-Bahn station below the Karlsplatz in central Munich. It is one of the busiest stations in Munich, as it is located at the western end of Munich's Altstadt ....

  – Sendlinger Tor  – Fraunhoferstraße  – Mariahilfplatz
Mariahilfplatz
The Mariahilfplatz is a town square on the right bank of the River Isar in the district of Au in Munich, Germany.Centrally located in the suburb of Au, the Mariahilfplatz is a well visited and active place...

 - Ostfriedhof – Giesing Bahnhof
München-Giesing railway station
Giesing is a Munich S-Bahn railway and U-Bahn interchange station in the Munich borough of Giesing on the U2, S3 and S7 lines. It is also served by route of the Munich tramway and acts as a transport hub for Munich's south-east....

  – Schwanseestraße
25 34 min

Night routes

The night route network operates between 01:30 and 04:30, and comprises the following routes:
Line Route
Amalienburgstraße – Romanplatz – Donnersbergerstraße – Hackerbrücke
München Hackerbrücke railway station
München Hackerbrücke is a railway station on the Stammstrecke in Munich, named after the Hackerbrücke which passes over it.The station is also served by routes and of the Munich tramway.-References:...

  – Hauptbahnhof
München Hauptbahnhof
Munich Central Station is the main railway station of the city of Munich in Germany. It is one of the three long distance train stations in Munich, the others being München-Pasing and München Ost. The station sees about 350,000 passengers a day, which puts it on par with other large stations in...

  – Karlsplatz
München Karlsplatz railway station
München Karlsplatz is an underground S-Bahn and U-Bahn station below the Karlsplatz in central Munich. It is one of the busiest stations in Munich, as it is located at the western end of Munich's Altstadt ....

  – Sendlinger Tor  – Isartor
München Isartor railway station
Munich Isartor is a railway station in the Stammstrecke, the central tunnel connecting Hauptbahnhof with Ostbahnhof. It is named after the Isartor.Isartor is also served by routes and of the Munich tramway.-References:...

  - Max-Weber-Platz
Max-Weber-Platz (Munich U-Bahn)
Max-Weber-Platz is a Munich U-Bahn interchange station on the U4 and U5 lines in the borough of Haidhausen. It is named for the square, Max-Weber-Platz, above the station...

  – Herkomerplatz – Effnerplatz
Pasing Marienplatz  – Fürstenrieder Straße – Lautensackstraße – Trappentreustraße - Hauptbahnhof
München Hauptbahnhof
Munich Central Station is the main railway station of the city of Munich in Germany. It is one of the three long distance train stations in Munich, the others being München-Pasing and München Ost. The station sees about 350,000 passengers a day, which puts it on par with other large stations in...

  – Karlsplatz
München Karlsplatz railway station
München Karlsplatz is an underground S-Bahn and U-Bahn station below the Karlsplatz in central Munich. It is one of the busiest stations in Munich, as it is located at the western end of Munich's Altstadt ....

  – Theatinerstraße – Maxmonument - Maximilianeum
Maximilianeum
The Maximilianeum, a palatial building in Munich, was built as the home of a gifted students' foundation and has also housed the Bavarian Landtag since 1949.The principal was King Maximilian II of Bavaria, who started the project in 1857...

 – Max-Weber-Platz
Max-Weber-Platz (Munich U-Bahn)
Max-Weber-Platz is a Munich U-Bahn interchange station on the U4 and U5 lines in the borough of Haidhausen. It is named for the square, Max-Weber-Platz, above the station...

  - Ostbahnhof  – Kreillerstraße – St.-Veit-Straße
Moosach  – Westfriedhof  – Leonrodplatz – Hauptbahnhof
München Hauptbahnhof
Munich Central Station is the main railway station of the city of Munich in Germany. It is one of the three long distance train stations in Munich, the others being München-Pasing and München Ost. The station sees about 350,000 passengers a day, which puts it on par with other large stations in...

  – Karlsplatz
München Karlsplatz railway station
München Karlsplatz is an underground S-Bahn and U-Bahn station below the Karlsplatz in central Munich. It is one of the busiest stations in Munich, as it is located at the western end of Munich's Altstadt ....

 
Petuelring
Petuelring (Munich U-Bahn)
Petuelring is an U-Bahn station in Munich on the U3. It is also the northern terminus of route of the Munich tramway.-References:...

  - Nordbad - Kurfürstenplatz - Karolinenplatz - Karlsplatz (Stachus) - Sendlinger Tor  - Fraunhoferstraße  - Mariahilfplatz
Mariahilfplatz
The Mariahilfplatz is a town square on the right bank of the River Isar in the district of Au in Munich, Germany.Centrally located in the suburb of Au, the Mariahilfplatz is a well visited and active place...

 - Ostfriedhof - Silberhornstraße - Wettersteinplatz  - Südtiroler Platz - Großhesseloher Brücke

Future developments

An extension from its current Effnerplatz terminus to St. Emmeram is currently under construction. The extension will be 4.3 kilometres (2.7 mi) long and will add seven new tram stops to the network. It is expected to open in December 2011.

Four tram lines will be changed once the new extension to St. Emmeram is opened to public on 10 December 2011.
  • Tram 16 line will be extended from Sendlinger Tor to St. Emmeram via Max-Weber-Platz, taking over same line as current Tram 18 from Sendlinger Tor to Effnerplatz.
  • Tram 17 line will no longer serve Müllerstraße-Effnerplatz section as it will take over the southern section of Tram 27 line from Müllerstraße to Schwanseestraße.
  • The eastern section of Tram 18 line will be adjusted so that it would take over the current Tram 17 line between Isartor and Effnerplatz via Maxmonument (Lehel).
  • Tram 27 line will be abbreviated to terminate at Sendlinger Tor.


On the western side of the city, Tram 19 line is being extended from its current terminus at Pasing-Marienplatz to the München-Pasing train station for the better interchange with S-Bahn and long-distance train services. The extension at the München-Pasing train station will be in form of an elongated one-way loop and is expected to open in late 2013.

The new 8.7 kilometres (5.4 mi) Tram Westtangente line is being constructed between Romanplatz and Aidenbachstraße U-Bahn station
Aidenbachstraße (Munich U-Bahn)
Aidenbachstraße is an U-Bahn station in Munich on the U3.In 2014, construction is expected to start on a tangential extension of route 16 of the Munich tramway from its existing terminus at Romansplatz to an interchange at Aidenbachstraße station....

. The line will stop at three U-Bahn and S-Bahn transfer points: Holzapfelkreuth U-Bahn station
Holzapfelkreuth (Munich U-Bahn)
Holzapfelkreuth is an U-Bahn station in Munich on the U6.-References:...

, Laimer Platz U-Bahn station
Laimer Platz (Munich U-Bahn)
Laimer Platz is an U-Bahn station in Munich on the U5 line of the Munich U-Bahn system.-References:...

, and München-Laim S-Bahn station. The tram line designation number has not been selected yet. It is expected to be completed in 2014.

Munich has expressed the interest in building the northern line between Elizabethplatz and Tivolistraße as to relieve the tramway congestion in the city centre and as to reduce the vehicular noise caused by the buses. Due to the line's travelling through the environmentially sensitive Englischer Garten, the overhead lines and poles aren't permitted to be fitted. Thus, it has been proposed that the trams fitted with batteries be utilised for the Englischer Garten section before reverting back to overhead lines as to continue the journey while recharging the batteries. MVG and Stadler have equipped one of the S class trams with experimental lithium-ion batteries for the trial run. In May 2011, the experimential tram had set the world distance record for operating on batteries alone: 16 kilometres (9.9 mi) on a test track at Velten
Velten
Velten is a town in the Oberhavel district of Brandenburg, Germany. It is situated 10 km southwest of Oranienburg, and 24 km northwest of Berlin.-History:...

 near Berlin
Berlin
Berlin is the capital city of Germany and is one of the 16 states of Germany. With a population of 3.45 million people, Berlin is Germany's largest city. It is the second most populous city proper and the seventh most populous urban area in the European Union...

. The remaining S class trams, both delivered and on order, are designed to be retro-fitted with a similar installation.

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