Volcanic cones are among the simplest volcanic formations. They are built by ejecta from a volcanic vent, piling up around the vent in the shape of a cone with a central crater. Volcanic cones are of different types, depending upon the nature and size of the fragments ejected during the eruption...
Turkey , known officially as the Republic of Turkey , is a Eurasian country located in Western Asia and in East Thrace in Southeastern Europe...
. It has two peaks: Greater Ararat (the tallest peak in Turkey, and the entire Armenian plateau
The Armenian Highland is the central-most and highest of three land-locked plateaus that together form the northern sector of the Middle East...
with an elevation
In topography, a summit is a point on a surface that is higher in elevation than all points immediately adjacent to it. Mathematically, a summit is a local maximum in elevation...
of 5137 m (16,854 ft)) and Lesser Ararat (with an elevation of 3896 m (12,782 ft)).
The Ararat massif
In geology, a massif is a section of a planet's crust that is demarcated by faults or flexures. In the movement of the crust, a massif tends to retain its internal structure while being displaced as a whole...
is about 40 km (25 mi) in diameter. The Iran-Turkey boundary skirts east of Lesser Ararat, the lower peak of the Ararat massif. It was in this area that by the Tehran Convention of 1932 a border change was made in Turkey's favor, permitting her to occupy the eastern flank
Flank may refer to:* Flank, the side of either a horse or a military unit*Flanking maneuver in military tactics* Flank , the waveform edge formed when a signal goes high or low...
of the massif.
Mount Ararat in Judeo-Christian tradition is associated with the "Mountains of Ararat
Mountains of Ararat
The Mountains of Ararat is the place named in the Book of Genesis where Noah's Ark came to rest after the great flood ....
" where according to the book of Genesis, Noah's ark
Noah's Ark is a vessel appearing in the Book of Genesis and the Quran . These narratives describe the construction of the ark by Noah at God's command to save himself, his family, and the world's animals from the worldwide deluge of the Great Flood.In the narrative of the ark, God sees the...
came to rest.