Monarchist National Party
The Monarchist National Party (Partito Nazionale Monarchico, PNM) was a political party in Italy founded in 1946, uniting conservatives, liberal conservatives, conservative liberals and nationalists. It was a right-wing competitor to Christian Democracy
Christian Democracy (Italy)
Christian Democracy was a Christian democratic party in Italy. It was founded in 1943 as the ideological successor of the historical Italian People's Party, which had the same symbol, a crossed shield ....

 and was especially strong in Southern Italy.

The party's best electoral result was in the 1953 general election
Italian general election, 1953
The Italian elections of 1953 were held on June 7. They were a test for leading centrist coalition ruled by Prime Minister Alcide De Gasperi. Italian electors chose the second Parliament of the Italian Republic.-The Scam Law:...

, when the party scored 6.9% and came fourth after Christian Democracy, the Italian Communist Party
Italian Communist Party
The Italian Communist Party was a communist political party in Italy.The PCI was founded as Communist Party of Italy on 21 January 1921 in Livorno, by seceding from the Italian Socialist Party . Amadeo Bordiga and Antonio Gramsci led the split. Outlawed during the Fascist regime, the party played...

 and the Italian Socialist Party
Italian Socialist Party
The Italian Socialist Party was a socialist and later social-democratic political party in Italy founded in Genoa in 1892.Once the dominant leftist party in Italy, it was eclipsed in status by the Italian Communist Party following World War II...


In 1954 the party suffered a major split led by Achille Lauro, mayor of Naples
Naples is a city in Southern Italy, situated on the country's west coast by the Gulf of Naples. Lying between two notable volcanic regions, Mount Vesuvius and the Phlegraean Fields, it is the capital of the region of Campania and of the province of Naples...

 from 1952 to 1957, who formed the People's Monarchist Party
People's Monarchist Party (Italy)
The People's Monarchist Party was an Italian conservative party founded in 1954 by a split from the National Monarchist Party...

 (PMP), which was closer to Christian Democracy. In the 1958 general election
Italian general election, 1958
The Italian elections of 1958 were held on May 25, and selected the third Parliament of the Italian Republic. The number of MPs to be elected was calculated upon the population's size for the last time.-Electoral system:...

, the PNM won 2.2% of the vote, while the rival PMP 2.6%.

In 1959 the two monarchist parties joined forces in the Italian Democratic Party
Italian Democratic Party of Monarchist Unity
Since 1961 the Italian Democratic Party of Monarchist Unity was the continuation of the Italian Democratic Party , a monarchist party founded in 1959 by the union of the People's Monarchist Party and the National Monarchist Party.The new party, like its predecessors, was hampered by a...

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