Mexico, Pampanga
Overview
 
Mexico is administratively subdivided into 43 barangay
Barangay
A barangay is the smallest administrative division in the Philippines and is the native Filipino term for a village, district or ward...

s.


In the 16th century, Mexico sat as a crossing point between the Áitâ Mag-Anchî and Áinu (Abûrlin) nations at the upper reaches of the Ábacan River and the international port cities of Bétis and Lúbao to the south. Upland products such as deerskins and beeswax became important commodities to the 16th century Japanese who made candles out of beeswax and samurai armours out of deerskins.
Encyclopedia

Barangays

Mexico is administratively subdivided into 43 barangay
Barangay
A barangay is the smallest administrative division in the Philippines and is the native Filipino term for a village, district or ward...

s.


  • Acli
  • Anao
  • Balas
  • Buenavista
  • Camuning
  • Cawayan
  • Concepcion
  • Culubasa
  • Divisoria
  • Dolores (Piring)
  • Eden
  • Gandus
  • Lagundi
  • Laput
  • Laug

  • Masamat
  • Masangsang (Sto. Cristo)
  • Nueva Victoria
  • Pandacaqui
  • Pangatlan
  • Panipuan
  • Parian (Pob.)
  • Sabanilla
  • San Antonio
  • San Carlos
  • San Jose Malino
  • San Jose Matulid
  • San Juan
  • San Lorenzo

  • San Miguel
  • San Nicolas
  • San Pablo
  • San Patricio
  • San Rafael
  • San Roque
  • San Vicente
  • Santa Cruz
  • Santa Maria
  • Santo Domingo
  • Santo Rosario
  • Sapang Maisac
  • Suclaban
  • Tangle (Tanglay)


History

In the 16th century, Mexico sat as a crossing point between the Áitâ Mag-Anchî and Áinu (Abûrlin) nations at the upper reaches of the Ábacan River and the international port cities of Bétis and Lúbao to the south. Upland products such as deerskins and beeswax became important commodities to the 16th century Japanese who made candles out of beeswax and samurai armours out of deerskins. Plying their goods down the Ábacan River, traders would slow down and dock at the place "where the river bends" (nung nú ya mákábákle ing ílug) before continuing their trip downstream. From there, the river is matúlid (straight) all the way to its mouth at Uáuâ. Enterprising merchants from the elsewhere in Luzon, and perhaps even from Japan and China formed a trading base at this natural checkpoint known as Makisíku or Másíku.
Abacan river merges with Bulang Guinto (Golden bubble) creek before joining the Pampanga River
Pampanga River
Pampanga River is the second largest river in the island of Luzon, next to Cagayan River and the third largest river in the Philippines...

.

In 1571, Mexico became the capital of the new colonial province of Pampanga
Pampanga
Pampanga is a province of the Philippines located in the Central Luzon region. Its capital is the City of San Fernando, Pampanga. Pampanga is bordered by the provinces of Bataan and Zambales to the west, Tarlac and Nueva Ecija to the north, and Bulacan to the southeast...

 at a place called Masangsang which meant Odiferous. It was named "Mexico" due to the mispronounciation of the original name "Masiku" and in honour of the place where the first Spanish Governor General Miguel López de Legazpi
Miguel López de Legazpi
Miguel López de Legazpi , also known as El Adelantado and El Viejo , was a Spanish conquistador who established one of the first European settlements in the East Indies and the Pacific Islands in 1565. He is the first Governor-General in the Philippines...

 founded his new life, Mexico City
Mexico City
Mexico City is the Federal District , capital of Mexico and seat of the federal powers of the Mexican Union. It is a federal entity within Mexico which is not part of any one of the 31 Mexican states but belongs to the federation as a whole...

. Subsequently Toltecs, Aztecs and Mayans migrated here as by-product of the Manila Galleons' trade between New Spain
New Spain
New Spain, formally called the Viceroyalty of New Spain , was a viceroyalty of the Spanish colonial empire, comprising primarily territories in what was known then as 'América Septentrional' or North America. Its capital was Mexico City, formerly Tenochtitlan, capital of the Aztec Empire...

 and the East Indies
East Indies
East Indies is a term used by Europeans from the 16th century onwards to identify what is now known as Indian subcontinent or South Asia, Southeastern Asia, and the islands of Oceania, including the Malay Archipelago and the Philippines...

. The capital of Pampanga was moved further downstream to Bacolor after the widespread Kapampangan Revolt of 1660 led by Don Francisco Maniago.

Culture

Mexico's town fiesta is celebrated every May 4 in honor of its patron saint, Santa Monica.
The people of Mexico celebrate the feast of Virgen dela Consolacion y Correa every 4th of September in which they receive cinctures from the belt of the Virgen. Every September 11, they celebrate the Sanikulas festival in which the town is famous for. The first was held in 2011 at the Parish Church of Sta. Monica. According to Alejandro S. Camiling, CPA with Teresita Z. Camiling, BSE, MA in their article "The Town of Mexico, Pampanga" the following families trace their history to the Town of Mexico. Bondoc, Canlas, Cunanan, Dizon, Hizon, Inventor, Jimenez, Lacandola, Laus, Laxamana, Lazatin, Lising, Lorenzo, Lumba, Makabali, Manalang, Maniago, Meneses, Nuqui, Ocampo, Panlilio, Padilla, Pinpin, Punsalan, Quioc, Salas, Sampang, Santos, Tala etc.

Books

  • Gaspar de San Agustin, Conquistas de las Islas Filipinas 1565-1615, Translated by Luis Antonio Mañeru, 1st bilingual ed [Spanish and English], published by Pedro Galende, OSA: Intramuros, Manila, 1998

External links

The source of this article is wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.  The text of this article is licensed under the GFDL.
 
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