Max von Forckenbeck
Maximilian Franz August von Forckenbeck (October 23, 1821 - May 26, 1892) was a German lawyer and politician and served as mayor of Berlin from 1878 to 1892. His is considered one of the most important Mayors of Berlin because of his prudent management style.


Max Forckenbeck was born in Münster
Münster is an independent city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It is located in the northern part of the state and is considered to be the cultural centre of the Westphalia region. It is also capital of the local government region Münsterland...

 on October 23, 1821. From 1838 to 1841 he studied in Gießen where he joined the Corps Teutonia Gießen and enter law. From 1842 he worked first as a Referendar and from 1847 as an Assessor for the Glogauer Municipal Court. In 1848 he acted as president of the Glogauer Konstitutionellen Vereins and in 1848

In 1859, he was elected a member of the liberal faction in the Preußisches Abgeordnetenhaus (Prussian House of Representatives) and quickly set to create a liberal party. On January 13, 1861, he founded the German Progress Party
German Progress Party
The German Progress Party was the first modern political party with a program in Germany, founded by the liberal members of the Prussian Lower House in 6 June, 1861....


In 1861 Forckenbeck managed the Committee of the German National Association
German National Association
The German National Association was a liberal political organisation, precursor of a party, in the German Confederation that existed from 1859 to 1867...

, which he had joined in 1859. During the Prussian Constitutional Conflict, from 1862 to 1866, he tried as leader of the Progressive Party to work out the conflict with Bismarck
Otto von Bismarck
Otto Eduard Leopold, Prince of Bismarck, Duke of Lauenburg , simply known as Otto von Bismarck, was a Prussian-German statesman whose actions unified Germany, made it a major player in world affairs, and created a balance of power that kept Europe at peace after 1871.As Minister President of...

. Due to his prudent efforts toward an understanding he was made President of the Prussian House from 1866 to 1873 and President of the Reichstag from 1874 to 1879. During that time Forckenbeck, along with others, founded the National Liberal Party
National Liberal Party (Germany)
The National Liberal Party was a German political party which flourished between 1867 and 1918. It was formed by Prussian liberals who put aside their differences with Bismarck over domestic policy due to their support for his highly successful foreign policy, which resulted in the unification of...

 and on July 8, 1872 became Mayor of Breslau.

Beginning in 1873, Fordenbeck was a member of the Prussian House of Lords
Prussian House of Lords
The Prussian House of Lords was the first chamber of the Parliament of the Kingdom of Prussia from 1850-1918. The second chamber was the Prussian House of Representatives . The House of Lords was created on January 31, 1850 with the adoption of the Constitution of the Kingdom of Prussia...

 and on September 26, 1878 he was elected by an overwhelming majority the Mayor of Berlin. In 1879, he dedicated his time exclusively to his new position, stepping down as President of the Reichstag. During his time in office, Forckenbeck devoted his time to reforming the education system and developing the city's infrastructure. In his first term he improved the sewage system and expanded the city's water supply. Furthermore, he improved the city's hygiene by offering recreational opportunities like those at Viktoriapark
The Viktoriapark is an urban park in the district of Kreuzberg in Berlin, Germany.It is situated on the northern slope of the Teltow moraine plateau overlooking the glacial valley with Berlin's city centre...

 in Kreuzberg. Frockenbeck was heavily in favor of the privatization of the urban sector, pushing through laws allowing private companies to manage the city's street lights.

Buoyed by high popularity, Forckenbeck was easily elected for a second term. During his second term he tried to improve the relationship between state and city governments. On May 26, 1892 Max Forckenbeck died from pneumonia. His grave is found at the Protestant Nicolaikirchhof.

External links

The source of this article is wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.  The text of this article is licensed under the GFDL.