Malolos Constitution
The Malolos Constitution was enacted on January 20, 1899 by the Philippine
History of the Philippines
The history of the Philippines is believed to have begun with the arrival of the first humans via land bridges at least 30,000 years ago. The first recorded visit from the West is the arrival of Ferdinand Magellan, who sighted Samar on March 16, 1521 and landed on Homonhon Island southeast of Samar...

 Malolos Congress
Malolos Congress
-Further reading:*Philippine House of Representatives Congressional Library...

, and established the First Philippine Republic
First Philippine Republic
The Philippine Republic , more commonly known as the First Philippine Republic or the Malolos Republic was a short-lived insurgent revolutionary government in the Philippines...

. The original was written in Spanish
Spanish in the Philippines
Spanish was imposed as an official language of the Philippines from the beginning of Spanish rule since the times of Miguel López de Legazpi in the late 16th century, through American rule and independence, until the change of Constitution in 1973...

, which became the first official language of the Philippines.

National Historical Institute translation

The following translation of the original Spanish text was made by Sulpico Guevara A.B., LL.B., LL.M.; Division of Research and Law Reform, University of the Philippines Law Center:

Alternative translations

A number of alternative translations which differ in some ways from the translation above have been published.
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