country in western Europe
, bordered by Belgium
, and Germany
. It has two principal regions: the Oesling
in the North as part of the Ardennes
massif, and the Gutland
("good country") in the south. Luxembourg has a population of over half a million people in an area of approximately 2586 square kilometres (998.5 sq mi).
A representative democracy
with a constitutional monarch
, it is ruled by a grand duke
1346 Charles IV of Luxembourg is elected emperor of the Holy Roman Empire.
1543 French troops invade Luxembourg.
1856 The Coup of 1856 leads to Luxembourg's unilateral adoption of a new, reactionary constitution.
1867 Luxembourg gains its independence.
1912 Marie-Adélaïde, the eldest of six daughters of Guillaume IV, becomes the first reigning Grand Duchess of Luxembourg.
1940 World War II: Germany invades Belgium, the Netherlands, and Luxembourg.
1944 Belgium, Netherlands and Luxembourg constitute Benelux.
1957 The European Economic Community is established (West Germany, France, Italy, Belgium, Netherlands, Luxembourg).
2006 Luxembourg becomes the first country to complete the move to all digital television broadcasting.
We are the greatest people,sitting on our old street,the best wine in the world,much better than that of the French.We are rich and cultural,and we are better than the other nations,richest in the world,high-class beyond other countries,better than England or Germany,we know we will be praised,as Luxies, of Luxembourg.