Logos International Study Bible
The Logos International Study Bible is a study Bible
Study Bible
A study Bible is an edition of the Bible prepared for the use of a serious student of the Bible. It provides scholarly information designed to help the reader gain a better understanding of the text.-History:...

 published in 1972 by Logos International, and edited by Bible scholar Harold E. Monser.

The Logos Bible is based on the 1901 American Standard Version
American Standard Version
The Revised Version, Standard American Edition of the Bible, more commonly known as the American Standard Version , is a version of the Bible that was released in 1901...

 (ASV) translation of the Bible
The Bible refers to any one of the collections of the primary religious texts of Judaism and Christianity. There is no common version of the Bible, as the individual books , their contents and their order vary among denominations...

, which has been called "The Rock of Biblical Honesty" by Bible scholars. This study Bible is unusual in many regards:
  • Breadth of intended audience - the Logos Bible has been recommended for beginners, teachers, Bible scholars and students.
  • Cross-references - the over 100,000 cross-references are significantly more than many study Bibles
  • Topical analyses - the Logos Bible includes a large number of topical articles, spread throughout the text
  • Variorum
    A variorum is a work that collates all known variants of a text. It is a work of textual criticism, whereby all variations and emendations are set side by side so that a reader can track how textual decisions have been made in the preparation of a text for publication...

    by over 150 world-recognized scholars

The editors displayed an unusual amount of care to avoid any bias or appearance of bias in their choice of readings, explicitly including the commentaries of recognized experts from streams of Biblical scholarship with which the editors personally disagreed.

Although the Logos Bible has consistently been highly regarded among Bible students and scholars, no further editions were published. The company itself failed not many years after publication.

Comparison to The Cross-Reference Bible

The Scripture text, variant renderings and readings, topical analyses, most of the Preface, and Index of the Logos International Study Bible are identical (including the typesetting
Typesetting is the composition of text by means of types.Typesetting requires the prior process of designing a font and storing it in some manner...

) to those of The Cross-Reference Bible - Variorum Edition - American Standard Version, edited by Monser, and copyright by him in 1910. That edition was published by The Cross-Reference Bible Company with original editions published prior to 1929. The Logos edition excluded the following from the Cross-Reference Bible:
  • Several paragraphs of the Cross-Reference Bible Preface,
  • An entire page pertaining to abbreviations identifying New Testament manuscripts (such as part of the description of Codex Alexandrinus
    Codex Alexandrinus
    The Codex Alexandrinus is a 5th century manuscript of the Greek Bible,The Greek Bible in this context refers to the Bible used by Greek-speaking Christians who lived in Egypt and elsewhere during the early history of Christianity...

    , as well as the entire description of Codex Vaticanus Graecus 1209, and numerous other Codices
    A codex is a book in the format used for modern books, with multiple quires or gatherings typically bound together and given a cover.Developed by the Romans from wooden writing tablets, its gradual replacement...

  • A two-page section called Analysis of the Pentateuch,
  • Extracts from the Preface to the American Standard Version,
  • Index to Nelson's Bible Atlas,
  • Index to Littlefield Maps,
  • Color maps associated with the two map indexes.

The Logos edition added:
  • The Layman's Commentary on the Holy Spirit,
  • A concordance
    Concordance can mean:* Concordance , a list of words used in a body of work, with their immediate contexts* Concordance , the presence of the same trait in both members of a pair of twins...

     drawn from the King James Version instead of the American Standard Version
    American Standard Version
    The Revised Version, Standard American Edition of the Bible, more commonly known as the American Standard Version , is a version of the Bible that was released in 1901...

  • A different set of color maps.

In-text features

The following example is part of the first column of page 1756, which includes parts of Matthew 2:23 and 3:1:

  1. City, Gen.

  2. Prophecies


    Jesus, Gen.


  3. See “Inspira-

    ation of Proph-

    ets." II Ki.


  1. Q. Is. 11:1 in

    the Heb. 7

  1. See Mk. 1:24.

  1. P. Vs. 1-12;

    Mk. 1:3-8; Lu.

    3:2-17; comp.

    John 1:6-8,


  2. Day, Lev.


dwelt in a citya called *Nǎz’-ǎ-

rěth; that it might be fulfilled

b which was spoken cthrough the

prophets, 1that he should be

called a d Nǎz-ǎ-rẽne’.

3  And ein those fdays

cometh † John the Bǎp’-

 Var. Rend.— V. 23 that ... Nazarene

—because he would be called a Nazarene,

LUTHER; despised like a Nazarene, OL.

LAN. W. BROAD. Nazarene—i.e. a

'netzer' or
Branch with reference to Is. 11:1,

Fri. DeW. Me. Wa. Delilzsh.; a Nazarite

(i.e. separate with some reference to the

order of Nazirites,
Num. 6:1–20), Text.

Jer., Mcl.

STEIN, GROTTUS; the man of Nazareth,

ME. BRU. Chap. J. — V. 1, cometh—

comes forward. Al. steps forth, HO.;

 * NAZARETH: A City of Galilee.—Mt. 2:23; 21:11; Mk.

1:9; Lu. 1:26. Build on a Hill—Lu. 4:29.

 Wicked and Despised City.—John 1:46. Their Unbelief—

Mt. 13:54-58.

 Home of Joseph and Mary.—Lu. 1:26-30; 2:51

 Home of Christ.—Mt. 2:23; 4:13; 13:54; 21:11; 26:71; Mk.

1:9, 24; 6:1; 10:47; 14:67; 16:6; Lu. 2:51; 4:34; 18:37; 24:19;

John 1:45, 46; 19:19; Acts 2:22; 3:6; 4:10; 6:14; 10:38; 22:8;

26:9. Christ rejected at—Mk. 6:1-6; Lu. 4:29.

† JOHN THE BAPTIST: Career.—Announcement of Birth

—Lu. 1:5-25; Time in days of Herod the Great B.C. 6—

Lu 1:5. Piety and old age of Zacharias and Elizabeth—

Lu. 1:5 f. Barrenness of Elizabeth—Lu. 1:7. Zacharias a

Priest in service when the angel Gabriel apperas to him.—Lu

1:8-13. The name of the child (John) given by the angel—


Margin notes

The letter a that appears before the word "city
A city is a relatively large and permanent settlement. Although there is no agreement on how a city is distinguished from a town within general English language meanings, many cities have a particular administrative, legal, or historical status based on local law.For example, in the U.S...

" in the first line corresponds to the "a" in the left margin, where there is an entry containing "Gen. 4:17". In the text of Genesis chapter 4, verse 17, the word "city" also appears, where it has the symbol "‡" next to it. At the bottom of that page, there is an article entitled CITY, next to the symbol "‡", which has nearly all of the references in the Bible to the word or idea of "city". In the fourth line, there is a superscript "1" next to the word "that". The corresponding margin entry has the letter "Q", followed by a reference to Isaiah, chapter 11, verse 1. This indicates that the passage that follows the letter, in the text, is a quotation from the Old Testament. Similarly, parallel passages are indicated with a P.

Footnote articles

At the bottom of the page are two more examples of in-text articles. The article for Nazareth
Nazareth is the largest city in the North District of Israel. Known as "the Arab capital of Israel," the population is made up predominantly of Palestinian Arab citizens of Israel...

 is referenced from verse 23 with the symbol "*", and the article for John the Baptist
John the Baptist
John the Baptist was an itinerant preacher and a major religious figure mentioned in the Canonical gospels. He is described in the Gospel of Luke as a relative of Jesus, who led a movement of baptism at the Jordan River...

, with the symbol "†". The latter article continues for two more columns in the text.


In the first and fifth lines, the words Nazarene and Nazareth are rendered Nǎz’ǎrẽth and Nǎz-ǎ-rẽne’, respectively. These are indications of the pronunciation, and are given for most words translated or adapted from Biblical languages, particularly including place and personal names.

Variorum readings

Translation always involves a certain amount of subjective judgment. The Logos Bible endeavors to make all such judgments explicit and available to the reader. These are given immediately under the text, in the section labeled "Var. rend.". A comprehensive list of sources at the beginning of the Logos Bible identifies the scholarly sources from which these are drawn, and are indicated in the text.

Other features

Following a comprehensive index, which lists all of the in-text articles and references, the Logos Bible includes The Layman's Commentary on the Holy Spirit edited by John Rea. The Layman's Commentary includes in-depth treatment of most New Testament passages that deal with the Holy Spirit, beginning with Matthew 3:11-17 (the baptism of Jesus). The commentary comprises over 100 pages, and draws from a number of English translations, Bible commentaries and dictionaries. The Layman's Commentary was also published separately by Logos International, also in 1972, as ISBN 0-912106-22-0 and ISBN 0-912106-38-7.

Finally, the Logos Bible also includes a concordance, coordinated with the index, and a number of maps.
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