Titus Livius — known as Livy in English
English language
English is a West Germanic language that arose in the Anglo-Saxon kingdoms of England and spread into what was to become south-east Scotland under the influence of the Anglian medieval kingdom of Northumbria...

 — was a Roman
Ancient Rome
Ancient Rome was a thriving civilization that grew on the Italian Peninsula as early as the 8th century BC. Located along the Mediterranean Sea and centered on the city of Rome, it expanded to one of the largest empires in the ancient world....

 historian who wrote a monumental history of Rome and the Roman people. Ab Urbe Condita Libri
Ab Urbe condita (book)
Ab urbe condita libri — often shortened to Ab urbe condita — is a monumental history of ancient Rome written in Latin sometime between 27 and 25 BC by the historian Titus Livius. The work covers the time from the stories of Aeneas, the earliest legendary period from before the city's founding in c....

, "Chapters from the Foundation of the City," covering the period from the earliest legends of Rome well before the traditional foundation in 753 BC through the reign of Augustus
Augustus ;23 September 63 BC – 19 August AD 14) is considered the first emperor of the Roman Empire, which he ruled alone from 27 BC until his death in 14 AD.The dates of his rule are contemporary dates; Augustus lived under two calendars, the Roman Republican until 45 BC, and the Julian...

 in Livy's own time. He was on familiar terms with the Julio-Claudian
Julio-Claudian Dynasty
The Julio-Claudian dynasty normally refers to the first five Roman Emperors: Augustus, Tiberius, Caligula , Claudius, and Nero, or the family to which they belonged; they ruled the Roman Empire from its formation, in the second half of the 1st century BC, until AD 68, when the last of the line,...

 family, advising Augustus's grandnephew, the future emperor Claudius
Claudius , was Roman Emperor from 41 to 54. A member of the Julio-Claudian dynasty, he was the son of Drusus and Antonia Minor. He was born at Lugdunum in Gaul and was the first Roman Emperor to be born outside Italy...

, as a young man not long before 14 AD in a letter to take up the writing of history.

Rome has grown since its humble beginnings that it is now overwhelmed by its own greatness.

Praefatio, sec. 4

We can endure neither our vices nor the remedies for them.

Praefatio, sec. 9

This above all makes history useful and desirable: it unfolds before our eyes a glorious record of exemplary actions.

Praefatio, sec. 10

Sic deinde, quicumque alius transiliet moenia mea!

Translation: And so be damned, whomever shall jump over my walls!

The old Romans all wished to have a king over them because they had not yet tasted the sweetness of freedom.

Book I, sec. 17

Before anything else [Numa] decided that he must instill in his subjects the fear of the gods, this being the most effective measure with an ignorant, and at that time uncultured, people.

Book I, sec. 19

Law is a thing which is insensible, and inexorable, more beneficial and more profitious to the weak than to the strong; it admits of no mitigation nor pardon, once you have overstepped its limits.

Book II, sec. 3

Shared danger is the strongest of bonds; it will keep men united in spite of mutual dislike and suspicion.

Book II, sec. 39

Fame opportunely despised often comes back redoubled.

Book II, sec. 47