List of Muslim astronomers
A Muslim astronomer is an astronomer
An astronomer is a scientist who studies celestial bodies such as planets, stars and galaxies.Historically, astronomy was more concerned with the classification and description of phenomena in the sky, while astrophysics attempted to explain these phenomena and the differences between them using...

 that professes Islam
Islam . The most common are and .   : Arabic pronunciation varies regionally. The first vowel ranges from ~~. The second vowel ranges from ~~~...

 and/or is engaged in Islamic astronomy
Islamic astronomy
Islamic astronomy or Arabic astronomy comprises the astronomical developments made in the Islamic world, particularly during the Islamic Golden Age , and mostly written in the Arabic language. These developments mostly took place in the Middle East, Central Asia, Al-Andalus, and North Africa, and...



  • Khalid ibn Yazid
    CalidAlso Kalid, possibly Galid. Haly or Hali is likely Haly Abenragel. is a medieval Latin transcription of the Arabic name Khalid .-Khalid ibn Yazid:...

  • Jafar al-Sadiq
  • Yaqūb ibn Tāriq
    Yaqub ibn Tariq
    Yaʿqūb ibn Ṭāriq was an 8th-century Persian astronomer and mathematician who lived in Baghdad.- Works :Works ascribed to Yaʿqūb ibn Ṭāriq include:...

  • Ibrahim al-Fazari
    Ibrahim al-Fazari
    Abu Ishaq Ibrahim ibn Habib ibn Sulaiman ibn Samura ibn Jundab al-Fazari was an 8th-century Muslim mathematician and astronomer of Persian background....

  • Muhammad al-Fazari
    Muhammad al-Fazari
    Abu abdallah Muhammad ibn Ibrahim al-Fazari was a Muslim philosopher, mathematician and astronomer. He is not to be confused with his father Ibrāhīm al-Fazārī, also an astronomer and mathematician....

  • Mashallah ibn Athari
  • Naubakht
    Nobakht Ahvazi also transliterated 'Naubakht') and his sons were astrologers from Ahvaz .Nobakht was particularly famous for having led a group of astrologers who picked an auspicious electional chart for the founding of Baghdad. His family also helped design the city...

  • Al-Khwarizmi, also a mathematician
  • Ja'far ibn Muhammad Abu Ma'shar al-Balkhi
    Ja'far ibn Muhammad Abu Ma'shar al-Balkhi
    Abū Maʿshar, Jaʿfar ibn Muḥammad al-Balkhī , was a Persian astrologer, astronomer, and Islamic philosopher, thought to be the greatest astrologer of the Abbasid court in Baghdad...

  • Al-Farghani
    ' also known as Alfraganus in the West was a Persian astronomer and one of the famous astronomers in 9th century. The crater Alfraganus on the Moon is named after him.-Life:...

  • Banū Mūsā
    Banu Musa
    The Banū Mūsā brothers , namely Abū Jaʿfar Muḥammad ibn Mūsā ibn Shākir , Abū al‐Qāsim Aḥmad ibn Mūsā ibn Shākir and Al-Ḥasan ibn Mūsā ibn Shākir , were three 9th-century Persian scholars of Baghdad who are known for their Book of Ingenious Devices on automata and mechanical devices...

     (Ben Mousa)
    • Ja'far Muhammad ibn Mūsā ibn Shākir
    • Ahmad ibn Mūsā ibn Shākir
    • Al-Hasan ibn Mūsā ibn Shākir
  • Thābit ibn Qurra
    Thabit ibn Qurra
    ' was a mathematician, physician, astronomer and translator of the Islamic Golden Age.Ibn Qurra made important discoveries in algebra, geometry and astronomy...

    • Sinan ibn Thabit
      Sinan ibn Thabit
      Sinan ibn Thabit ibn Qurra سنان بن ثابت بن قرة ) was an ethnic Mandean physician and a Sabian who later converted to Islam. He was the son of Thabit ibn Qurra and the father of Ibrahim ibn Sinan.- References :...

    • Ibrahim ibn Sinan
      Ibrahim ibn Sinan
      Ibrahim ibn Sinan ibn Thabit ibn Qurra was a Syriac speaking Mandean from Harran in northern Mesopotamia/Assyria. He was mathematician and astronomer who studied geometry and in particular tangents to circles. He also made advances in the theory of integration...

  • Al-Majriti
  • Muhammad ibn Jābir al-Harrānī al-Battānī (Albatenius)
  • Al-Farabi
    ' known in the West as Alpharabius , was a scientist and philosopher of the Islamic world...

  • Abd Al-Rahman Al Sufi
    Abd Al-Rahman Al Sufi
    Abd al-Rahman al-Sufi was a Persian astronomer also known as Abd ar-Rahman as-Sufi, or Abd al-Rahman Abu al-Husayn, Abdul Rahman Sufi, Abdurrahman Sufi and known in the west as Azophi; the lunar crater Azophi and the minor planet 12621 Alsufi are named after him...

  • Abu Sa'id Gorgani
    Abu Sa'id Gorgani
    Abu Sa'id Zarir Gorgani , also spelled Gorgani, was a 9th-century muslim mathematician and astronomer from Gorgan, Iran. He wrote a treatise on geometrical problems and another on the drawing of the meridian.-Sources:...

  • Kushyar ibn Labban
    Kushyar ibn Labban
    Abul-Hasan Kūshyār ibn Labbān ibn Bashahri Gilani , also known as Kūshyār Gīlānī , was a Persian mathematician, geographer, and astronomer from Gilan, south of the Caspian Sea, Iran....

  • Abū Ja'far al-Khāzin
  • Al-Mahani
    Abu-Abdullah Muhammad ibn Īsa Māhānī was a Persian mathematician and astronomer from Mahan, Kermān, Persia.A series of observations of lunar and solar eclipses and planetary conjunctions, made by him from 853 to 866, was in fact used by Ibn Yunus....

  • Al-Marwazi
    Ahmad ibn 'Abdallah Habash Hasib Marwazi was an astronomer, geographer, and mathematician from Merv in Khorasan.He flourished in Baghdad, and died a centenarian after 869...

  • Al-Nayrizi
    Abū’l-‘Abbās al-Faḍl ibn Ḥātim al-Nairīzī was a 9th-10th century Persian mathematician and astronomer from Nayriz, Fars, Iran.He flourished under al-Mu'tadid, Caliph from 892 to 902, and compiled astronomical tables, writing a book for al-Mu'tadid on atmospheric phenomena.Nayrizi wrote...

  • Al-Saghani
    Abu Hamid Ahmed ibn Mohammed al-Saghani al-Asturlabi was a Persian astronomer and historian of science. He flourished in Baghdad, where he died in 990 AD....

  • Al-Farghani
    ' also known as Alfraganus in the West was a Persian astronomer and one of the famous astronomers in 9th century. The crater Alfraganus on the Moon is named after him.-Life:...

  • Brethren of Purity
    Brethren of Purity
    The Brethren of Purity were a secret society of Muslim philosophers in Basra, Iraq, in the 10th century CE....

  • Abū Sahl al-Qūhī (Kuhi)
  • Abu-Mahmud al-Khujandi
  • Abū al-Wafā' al-Būzjānī
  • Ibn Yunus
    Ibn Yunus
    Ibn Yunus was an important Egyptian Muslim astronomer and mathematician, whose works are noted for being ahead of their time, having been based on meticulous calculations and attention to detail.The crater Ibn Yunus on the Moon is named after...

  • Abu Nasr Mansur
    Abu Nasr Mansur
    Abu Nasr Mansur ibn Ali ibn Iraq was a Persian Muslim mathematician. He is well known for his work with the spherical sine law....

  • Ibn al-Haytham (Alhacen)
  • Abū Rayhān al-Bīrūnī
  • Avicenna
    Abū ʿAlī al-Ḥusayn ibn ʿAbd Allāh ibn Sīnā , commonly known as Ibn Sīnā or by his Latinized name Avicenna, was a Persian polymath, who wrote almost 450 treatises on a wide range of subjects, of which around 240 have survived...

  • Abū Ishāq Ibrāhīm al-Zarqālī (Arzachel)
  • Omar Khayyám
    Omar Khayyám
    Omar Khayyám was aPersian polymath: philosopher, mathematician, astronomer and poet. He also wrote treatises on mechanics, geography, mineralogy, music, climatology and theology....

  • Al-Khazini
    Abu al-Fath Abd al-Rahman Mansour al-Khāzini or simply Abu al-Fath Khāzini was a Muslim astronomer of Greek ethnicity from Merv, then in the Khorasan province of Persia .-References:...

  • Ibn Bajjah
    Ibn Bajjah
    Abū-Bakr Muhammad ibn Yahya ibn al-Sāyigh , known as Ibn Bājjah , was an Andalusian polymath: an astronomer, logician, musician, philosopher, physician, physicist, psychologist, botanist, poet and scientist. He was known in the West by his Latinized name, Avempace...

  • Ibn Tufail
    Ibn Tufail
    Ibn Tufail was an Andalusian Muslim polymath: an Arabic writer, novelist, Islamic philosopher, Islamic theologian, physician, vizier,...

  • Nur Ed-Din Al Betrugi
    Nur Ed-Din Al Betrugi
    Nur ad-Din al-Bitruji was an astronomer and a Qadi from Al-Andalus...

  • Averroes
    ' , better known just as Ibn Rushd , and in European literature as Averroes , was a Muslim polymath; a master of Aristotelian philosophy, Islamic philosophy, Islamic theology, Maliki law and jurisprudence, logic, psychology, politics, Arabic music theory, and the sciences of medicine, astronomy,...

  • Al-Jazari
    Abū al-'Iz Ibn Ismā'īl ibn al-Razāz al-Jazarī was a Muslim polymath: a scholar, inventor, mechanical engineer, craftsman, artist, mathematician and astronomer from Al-Jazira, Mesopotamia, who lived during the Islamic Golden Age...

  • Anvari
    Anvari , full name Awhad ad-Din 'Ali ibn Mohammad Khavarani or Awhad ad-Din 'Ali ibn Mahmud was one of the greatest Persian poets....

  • Sharaf al-Dīn al-Tūsī
  • Mo'ayyeduddin Urdi
    Mo'ayyeduddin Urdi
    Mu’ayyad al-Din al-’Urdi was an Kurdish Muslim astronomer, mathematician, architect and engineer working at the Maragheh observatory...

  • Nasir al-Din al-Tusi
    Nasir al-Din al-Tusi
    Khawaja Muḥammad ibn Muḥammad ibn Ḥasan Ṭūsī , better known as Naṣīr al-Dīn al-Ṭūsī , was a Persian polymath and prolific writer: an astronomer, biologist, chemist, mathematician, philosopher, physician, physicist, scientist, theologian and Marja Taqleed...

  • Ibn al-Nafis
  • Qutb al-Din al-Shirazi
    Qutb al-Din al-Shirazi
    Qotb al-Din Shirazi or Qutb al-Din al-Shirazi was a 13th century Persian Muslim polymath and Persian poet who made contributions astronomy, mathematics, medicine, physics, music theory, philosophy and Sufism.- Biography :...

  • Ibn al-Shatir
    Ibn al-Shatir
    Ala Al-Din Abu'l-Hasan Ali Ibn Ibrahim Ibn al-Shatir was an Arab Muslim astronomer, mathematician, engineer and inventor who worked as muwaqqit at the Umayyad Mosque in Damascus, Syria.-Astronomy:...

  • Shams al-Dīn al-Samarqandī
  • Jamshīd al-Kāshī
    Jamshid al-Kashi
    Ghiyāth al-Dīn Jamshīd Masʾūd al-Kāshī was a Persian astronomer and mathematician.-Biography:...

  • Ulugh Beg
    Ulugh Beg
    Ulugh Bek was a Timurid ruler as well as an astronomer, mathematician and sultan. His commonly-known name is not truly a personal name, but rather a moniker, which can be loosely translated as "Great Ruler" or "Patriarch Ruler" and was the Turkic equivalent of Timur's Perso-Arabic title Amīr-e...

    , also a mathematician
  • Al-Birjandi
    Abd Ali ibn Muhammad ibn Husayn Birjandi was a prominent 16th century Persian astronomer, mathematician and physicist who lived in Birjand, Iran.- His works :...

  • Taqi al-Din Muhammad ibn Ma'ruf, Ottoman astronomer
  • Ahmad Nahavandi
    Ahmad Nahavandi
    Ahmad ibn Muhammad al-Nahavandi was a Persian astronomer of the 8th and 9th centuries. His name indicates that he was from Nahavand, a city in Iran....

  • Haly Abenragel
    Haly Abenragel
    Abû l-Hasan 'Alî ibn Abî l-Rijâl was an Arab astrologer of the late 10th and early 11th century, best known for his Kitāb al-bāri' fi ahkām an-nujūm. He was a court astrologer to the Tunisian prince al-Mu'izz ibn Bâdis in the first half of the 11th century...

  • Abolfadl Harawi
    Abolfadl Harawi
    Abolfadl Harawi was a 10th-century astronomer from Rey, Persia who, along with al-Khujandi, studied under the patronage of the Buyid dynasty.-See also:* List of Iranian scientists...

  • Kerim Kerimov
    Kerim Kerimov
    Lieutenant-General Kerim Aliyevich Kerimov was an Azerbaijani-Soviet/Russian aerospace engineer and a renowned rocket scientist, one of the founders of the Soviet space industry, and for many years a central figure in the Soviet space program. Despite his prominent role, his identity was kept a...

    , a founder of the Soviet space program
    Soviet space program
    The Soviet space program is the rocketry and space exploration programs conducted by the former Union of Soviet Socialist Republics from the 1930s until its dissolution in 1991...

     and a lead architect behind the first human spaceflight
    Human spaceflight
    Human spaceflight is spaceflight with humans on the spacecraft. When a spacecraft is manned, it can be piloted directly, as opposed to machine or robotic space probes and remotely-controlled satellites....

     (Vostok 1
    Vostok 1
    Vostok 1 was the first spaceflight in the Vostok program and the first human spaceflight in history. The Vostok 3KA spacecraft was launched on April 12, 1961. The flight took Yuri Gagarin, a cosmonaut from the Soviet Union, into space. The flight marked the first time that a human entered outer...

    ) and space station
    Space station
    A space station is a spacecraft capable of supporting a crew which is designed to remain in space for an extended period of time, and to which other spacecraft can dock. A space station is distinguished from other spacecraft used for human spaceflight by its lack of major propulsion or landing...

    s (Salyut
    The Salyut program was the first space station program undertaken by the Soviet Union, which consisted of a series of nine space stations launched over a period of eleven years from 1971 to 1982...

     and Mir
    Mir was a space station operated in low Earth orbit from 1986 to 2001, at first by the Soviet Union and then by Russia. Assembled in orbit from 1986 to 1996, Mir was the first modular space station and had a greater mass than that of any previous spacecraft, holding the record for the...

  • Farouk El-Baz
    Farouk El-Baz
    Farouk El-Baz is an Egyptian American scientist who worked with NASA to assist in the planning of scientific exploration of the Moon, including the selection of landing sites for the Apollo missions and the training of astronauts in lunar observations and photography.Currently, El-Baz is Research...

    , a NASA
    The National Aeronautics and Space Administration is the agency of the United States government that is responsible for the nation's civilian space program and for aeronautics and aerospace research...

     scientist involved in the first Moon landing
    Moon landing
    A moon landing is the arrival of a spacecraft on the surface of the Moon. This includes both manned and unmanned missions. The first human-made object to reach the surface of the Moon was the Soviet Union's Luna 2 mission on 13 September 1959. The United States's Apollo 11 was the first manned...

    s with the Apollo program
  • Abdul Kalam
    Abdul Kalam
    Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam usually referred to as A. P. J. Abdul Kalam, is a renowned aerospace engineer, professor , and first Chancellor of the Indian Institute of Space Science and Technology Thiruvananthapuram , who served as the 11th President of India from 2002 to 2007...

  • Sultan bin Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud
  • Muhammed Faris
    Muhammed Faris
    Muhammed Ahmed Faris is a Syrian military aviator. He was the first Syrian and the second Arab in space.Born in Aleppo, Syria, he was a pilot in the Syrian Air Force with the rank of a colonel...

  • Abdul Ahad Mohmand
    Abdul Ahad Mohmand
    Abdul Ahad Momand is a former Afghan Air Force aviator who became the first Afghan in space when he spent nine days aboard the Mir space station in 1988 as a Intercosmos Research Cosmonaut...

  • Talgat Musabayev
    Talgat Musabayev
    Talgat Amangeldyuly Musabayev , is a Kazakh test pilot and former cosmonaut who flew on three spaceflights. His first two spaceflights were long-duration stays aboard the Russian space station Mir. His third spaceflight was a short duration visiting mission to the International Space Station, which...

  • Anousheh Ansari
    Anousheh Ansari
    Anousheh Ansari is an engineer and the Iranian-American co-founder and chairman of Prodea Systems. Her previous business accomplishments include serving as co-founder and CEO of Telecom Technologies, Inc. . The Ansari family is also the title sponsor of the Ansari X Prize. On September 18, 2006,...

  • Amir Ansari
    Amir Ansari
    Amir Ansari is co-founder of venture capital firm Prodea Systems, Inc. Along with his sister-in-law Anousheh Ansari, he made a multi-million dollar contribution to the X PRIZE foundation on May 5, 2004, the 43rd anniversary of Alan Shepard's sub-orbital spaceflight...

  • Sheikh Muszaphar Shukor
    Sheikh Muszaphar Shukor
    Sheikh Muszaphar Shukor is a Malaysian orthopaedic surgeon and was the first Malaysian to go into space. He was launched to the International Space Station aboard Soyuz TMA-11 with the Expedition 16 crew on October 10, 2007...

See also

  • List of astrologers
  • Islamic astronomy
    Islamic astronomy
    Islamic astronomy or Arabic astronomy comprises the astronomical developments made in the Islamic world, particularly during the Islamic Golden Age , and mostly written in the Arabic language. These developments mostly took place in the Middle East, Central Asia, Al-Andalus, and North Africa, and...

  • List of Muslim scholars
  • List of people by belief
  • List of Muslims
  • List of Iranian scientists
  • Golden Age of Islam
  • Islamic astrology
  • Arab and Persian astrology
    Arab and Persian astrology
    The medieval Arabs took a keen interest in the study of heavens; partly because they considered the celestial bodies to be divine, partly because the dwellers of desert-regions often travelled at night, and relied upon knowledge of the constellations for guidance in their journeys...

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