Kiushan Tao
Kiushan Tao is an island east of China. It is also known as Niushan Dao (牛山岛), Niu Shan, and Turnabout Island. The island forms a part of the boundary between the East China Sea
East China Sea
The East China Sea is a marginal sea east of China. It is a part of the Pacific Ocean and covers an area of 1,249,000 km² or 750,000 square miles.-Geography:...

 and the South China Sea
South China Sea
The South China Sea is a marginal sea that is part of the Pacific Ocean, encompassing an area from the Singapore and Malacca Straits to the Strait of Taiwan of around...


External links

  • NYT article dated April 22, 1888, about the San Pablo stranded near Turnabout Island.
  • The Evening Telegram, St. Johns, N.F., June 2, 1888, A Fight With Pirates: Details of the Loss of the Steamer San Pablo in Chinese Waters,,4557913. Description at page 234. Table of Positions: Turnabout Island Light House, 25°25′40"N 119°57′9"E, page 702
  • Niushan Dao Light, Original light was destroyed in World War II.
  • Niushan Dao Lighthouse (牛山岛灯塔),, Fuzhou Waterways Department, language=CN 25°26′04.3"N 119°56′10.1"E, founded 1873.
  • Samuel Wells Williams, A Chinese Commercial Guide, Fourth edition, 1856, Turnabout Island, page 48.
  • China Sea Directory: (1894) & Supplement (1901), Edition 3, Great Britain Hydrographic Department,, page 209.
  • Passing Turnabout Island, watercolor by John Fraser (British painter, 1858–1927), 1921.
  • Nautical Magazine and Naval Chronicle, 1844, page 197
  • London Gazette, Sunda Rock, 1877,
  • Ushiyama another possible name
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