Katanga Province
Overview
 
Katanga Province is one of the provinces of the Democratic Republic of the Congo
Provinces of the Democratic Republic of the Congo
There are currently ten provinces and one city-province in the Democratic Republic of the Congo:* An Ituri Interim Administration also exists in the Ituri region of Orientale province- Proposed provinces :...

. Between 1971 and 1997, its official name was Shaba Province. Under the new constitution, the province was to be replaced by four smaller provinces
Provinces of the Democratic Republic of the Congo
There are currently ten provinces and one city-province in the Democratic Republic of the Congo:* An Ituri Interim Administration also exists in the Ituri region of Orientale province- Proposed provinces :...

 by February 2009; this did not actually take place.

Katanga's regional capital is Lubumbashi
Lubumbashi
Lubumbashi is the second largest city in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, second only to the nation's capital Kinshasa, and the hub of the southeastern part of the country. The copper-mining city serves as the capital of the relatively prosperous Katanga Province, lying near the Zambian border...

. Its area is 497,000 km², larger than California
California
California is a state located on the West Coast of the United States. It is by far the most populous U.S. state, and the third-largest by land area...

 and 16 times larger than Belgium
Belgium
Belgium , officially the Kingdom of Belgium, is a federal state in Western Europe. It is a founding member of the European Union and hosts the EU's headquarters, and those of several other major international organisations such as NATO.Belgium is also a member of, or affiliated to, many...

. Farming and ranching are carried out on the Katanga Plateau
Katanga Plateau
The Katanga, or Shaba, Plateau is a farming and ranching region in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Located in the southwestern Katanga Province, it reaches heights of 3,000 to 6,000 feet. Also, it is near the city of Songye....

. The eastern part of the province is a rich mining region, which supplies cobalt
Cobalt
Cobalt is a chemical element with symbol Co and atomic number 27. It is found naturally only in chemically combined form. The free element, produced by reductive smelting, is a hard, lustrous, silver-gray metal....

, copper
Copper
Copper is a chemical element with the symbol Cu and atomic number 29. It is a ductile metal with very high thermal and electrical conductivity. Pure copper is soft and malleable; an exposed surface has a reddish-orange tarnish...

, tin
Tin
Tin is a chemical element with the symbol Sn and atomic number 50. It is a main group metal in group 14 of the periodic table. Tin shows chemical similarity to both neighboring group 14 elements, germanium and lead and has two possible oxidation states, +2 and the slightly more stable +4...

, radium
Radium
Radium is a chemical element with atomic number 88, represented by the symbol Ra. Radium is an almost pure-white alkaline earth metal, but it readily oxidizes on exposure to air, becoming black in color. All isotopes of radium are highly radioactive, with the most stable isotope being radium-226,...

, uranium
Uranium
Uranium is a silvery-white metallic chemical element in the actinide series of the periodic table, with atomic number 92. It is assigned the chemical symbol U. A uranium atom has 92 protons and 92 electrons, of which 6 are valence electrons...

, and diamond
Diamond
In mineralogy, diamond is an allotrope of carbon, where the carbon atoms are arranged in a variation of the face-centered cubic crystal structure called a diamond lattice. Diamond is less stable than graphite, but the conversion rate from diamond to graphite is negligible at ambient conditions...

s.
Encyclopedia
Katanga Province is one of the provinces of the Democratic Republic of the Congo
Provinces of the Democratic Republic of the Congo
There are currently ten provinces and one city-province in the Democratic Republic of the Congo:* An Ituri Interim Administration also exists in the Ituri region of Orientale province- Proposed provinces :...

. Between 1971 and 1997, its official name was Shaba Province. Under the new constitution, the province was to be replaced by four smaller provinces
Provinces of the Democratic Republic of the Congo
There are currently ten provinces and one city-province in the Democratic Republic of the Congo:* An Ituri Interim Administration also exists in the Ituri region of Orientale province- Proposed provinces :...

 by February 2009; this did not actually take place.

Katanga's regional capital is Lubumbashi
Lubumbashi
Lubumbashi is the second largest city in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, second only to the nation's capital Kinshasa, and the hub of the southeastern part of the country. The copper-mining city serves as the capital of the relatively prosperous Katanga Province, lying near the Zambian border...

. Its area is 497,000 km², larger than California
California
California is a state located on the West Coast of the United States. It is by far the most populous U.S. state, and the third-largest by land area...

 and 16 times larger than Belgium
Belgium
Belgium , officially the Kingdom of Belgium, is a federal state in Western Europe. It is a founding member of the European Union and hosts the EU's headquarters, and those of several other major international organisations such as NATO.Belgium is also a member of, or affiliated to, many...

. Farming and ranching are carried out on the Katanga Plateau
Katanga Plateau
The Katanga, or Shaba, Plateau is a farming and ranching region in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Located in the southwestern Katanga Province, it reaches heights of 3,000 to 6,000 feet. Also, it is near the city of Songye....

. The eastern part of the province is a rich mining region, which supplies cobalt
Cobalt
Cobalt is a chemical element with symbol Co and atomic number 27. It is found naturally only in chemically combined form. The free element, produced by reductive smelting, is a hard, lustrous, silver-gray metal....

, copper
Copper
Copper is a chemical element with the symbol Cu and atomic number 29. It is a ductile metal with very high thermal and electrical conductivity. Pure copper is soft and malleable; an exposed surface has a reddish-orange tarnish...

, tin
Tin
Tin is a chemical element with the symbol Sn and atomic number 50. It is a main group metal in group 14 of the periodic table. Tin shows chemical similarity to both neighboring group 14 elements, germanium and lead and has two possible oxidation states, +2 and the slightly more stable +4...

, radium
Radium
Radium is a chemical element with atomic number 88, represented by the symbol Ra. Radium is an almost pure-white alkaline earth metal, but it readily oxidizes on exposure to air, becoming black in color. All isotopes of radium are highly radioactive, with the most stable isotope being radium-226,...

, uranium
Uranium
Uranium is a silvery-white metallic chemical element in the actinide series of the periodic table, with atomic number 92. It is assigned the chemical symbol U. A uranium atom has 92 protons and 92 electrons, of which 6 are valence electrons...

, and diamond
Diamond
In mineralogy, diamond is an allotrope of carbon, where the carbon atoms are arranged in a variation of the face-centered cubic crystal structure called a diamond lattice. Diamond is less stable than graphite, but the conversion rate from diamond to graphite is negligible at ambient conditions...

s. The capital city, Lubumbashi, is the second largest city in the Congo.

New provinces

Following the 2005 Constitution (effective 18 February 2006), Katanga was to be divided into four new provinces within 36 months (18 February 2009): Haut-Katanga
Haut-Katanga Province
Haut-Katanga is a new province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo to be established when the country's new constitution is implemented by dividing Katanga Province into four parts....

, Haut-Lomami
Haut-Lomami Province
Haut-Lomani is a new province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo to be established when the country's new constitution is implemented by dividing Katanga Province into four parts....

, Lualaba
Lualaba Province
Lualaba is a new province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo to be established when the country's new constitution is implemented by dividing Katanga Province into four parts....

, and Tanganyika
Tanganyika Province
Tanganyika is a new province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo to be established when the country's new constitution is implemented by dividing Katanga Province into four parts. Tanganyika province will succeed Katanga's Tanganyika District...

. As of October 2010, this had not taken place.

History

In the past, Katanga has struggled significantly for independence from the rest of the country.

Government

Moïse Katumbi Chapwe
Moïse Katumbi Chapwe
Moïse Katumbi Chapwe is a Congolese businessman and politician. He is the governor of the Katanga Province, located in the southern part of the Democratic Republic of the Congo...

, a businessman, is the governor of Katanga province. He took office on 24 February 2007.

Economy

Copper mining is an important part of the economy of Katanga province. Cobalt mining by individual contractors is also prevalent. There are a number of reasons cited for the discrepancy between the vast mineral wealth of the province and the failure of the wealth to increase the overall standard of living. Gecamines is the state owned mining company which has monopoly concessions in the province.

Medical care

The Jason Sendwe Hospital is the largest hospital in the province. It is located in Lubumbashi.

Climate

Katanga has a wet and dry season. Rainfall is about 49 inches per year (120 cm).

Geography

The province forms the Congolese border with Angola and Zambia. The province also borders Tanzania, although Katanga province and Tanzania do not share a land border but the border is within Lake Tanganyika.

Education

The University of Lubumbashi
University of Lubumbashi
The University of Lubumbashi is one of the largest universities in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. It is located in Lubumbashi, the capital city of Katanga province....

 is the largest university in the province and one of the largest in the country. The university is located in the northern part of Lubumbashi city. The Faculté Méthodiste de Théologie (FMT) is a Methodist seminary which is accredited within the university system.

TESOL, the English Language School of Lubumbashi, is a secondary school that serves the expatriate community. It was founded in 1987 on the grounds of the now defunct French School.

Transportation

Katanga Province has limited railway service centered around Lubumbashi. Reliability is limited. The area also has an airport called Luano Airport which is located northeast of Lubumbashi.

Media

Katanga province is served by television broadcasts. Radio-Télévision Nationale Congolaise (RTNC) has a transmitter in Lubumbashi that re-transmits the signal from Kinshasha. In 2005, new television broadcasts by Radio Mwangaza began in Lubumbashi.

Cities and towns

Name Pop. 2010 Coordinates Future province
Balamba  52,860 12.79°S 28.65°E
Bukama
Bukama
Bukama is a town in Haut-Lomami District of south-eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo. As of 2009 it had an estimated population of 42,718....

 (Bukama-Kibanda)
75,814 9.21°S 25.84°E Haut-Lomami
Haut-Lomami Province
Haut-Lomani is a new province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo to be established when the country's new constitution is implemented by dividing Katanga Province into four parts....

Dilolo
Dilolo
Dilolo is a town and territory in Katanga Province, Democratic Republic of the Congo. It lies within five miles of the eastern bank of the Kasai River, the DRC-Angolan border, and the Angolan town of Luau, at an altitude of 3510 ft . The town is served by Dilolo Airport.- External links :*...

 
17,446 9.22°S 25.12°E Lualaba
Lualaba Province
Lualaba is a new province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo to be established when the country's new constitution is implemented by dividing Katanga Province into four parts....

Fungurume  32,399 10.62°S 26.30°E
Kabalo
Kabalo
Kabalo is one of a number of towns in the Democratic Republic of the Congo with this name. This one is in the east, in Tanganyika District.- Transport :Kabalo is the junction of railway lines to the north and to Lake Tanganyika in the east....

 
58,332 6.05°S 26.91°E Tanganyika
Tanganyika Province
Tanganyika is a new province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo to be established when the country's new constitution is implemented by dividing Katanga Province into four parts. Tanganyika province will succeed Katanga's Tanganyika District...

Kabongo
Kabongo, Democratic Republic of the Congo
Kabongo is a town in eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo. It is also the seat of the current muLopwe of the Kabongo lineage of the Baluba royal line, Kumwimba Kabongo Kansh'imbu....

 
13,979 7.32°S 25.58°E Haut-Lomami
Haut-Lomami Province
Haut-Lomani is a new province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo to be established when the country's new constitution is implemented by dividing Katanga Province into four parts....

Kalemie
Kalemie
Kalemie, formerly Albertville/Albertstad, is a town on the western shore of Lake Tanganyika in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. The town is next to the exit of the Lukuga River flowing out from Lake Tanganyika to the Lualaba River....

 
92,400 5.92°S 29.17°E Tanganyika
Tanganyika Province
Tanganyika is a new province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo to be established when the country's new constitution is implemented by dividing Katanga Province into four parts. Tanganyika province will succeed Katanga's Tanganyika District...

Kambove
Kambove
Kambove is a town in Haut-Katanga District, Democratic Republic of the Congo.Kambove lies at an altitude of 4783 ft . Economic activity in the area includes cobalt processing.Kambove is the center of the Kambove mines region....

 
71,756 10.87°S 26.60°E Haut-Katanga
Haut-Katanga Province
Haut-Katanga is a new province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo to be established when the country's new constitution is implemented by dividing Katanga Province into four parts....

Kamina
Kamina
Kamina is a city in Katanga Province, Democratic Republic of the Congo. It is located at around . It is the provincial capital.- Transport :...

 
143,753 8.73°S 25.01°E Haut-Lomami
Haut-Lomami Province
Haut-Lomani is a new province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo to be established when the country's new constitution is implemented by dividing Katanga Province into four parts....

Kaniama  57,507 7.57°S 24.17°E Haut-Lomami
Haut-Lomami Province
Haut-Lomani is a new province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo to be established when the country's new constitution is implemented by dividing Katanga Province into four parts....

Kanteba (Kateba) 17,314 7.33°S 24.62°E
Kapanga  2,173 11.50°S 26.75°E Lualaba
Lualaba Province
Lualaba is a new province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo to be established when the country's new constitution is implemented by dividing Katanga Province into four parts....

Kasenga  21,400 10.63°S 26.76°E Haut-Katanga
Haut-Katanga Province
Haut-Katanga is a new province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo to be established when the country's new constitution is implemented by dividing Katanga Province into four parts....

Kipamba (Kikondja) 30,026 8.20°S 26.42°E
Kipushi
Kipushi
Kipushi is a town in Haut-Katanga District, Democratic Republic of the Congo. It lies 35 km southwest of the city of Lubumbashi, very close to the border with Zambia, at an altitude of 1329 m . The main economic activity of the town is mining...

 
121,831 11.76°S 27.25°E Haut-Katanga
Haut-Katanga Province
Haut-Katanga is a new province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo to be established when the country's new constitution is implemented by dividing Katanga Province into four parts....

Kole  4,548 8.02°S 25.55°E
Kolwezi
Kolwezi
Kolwezi is a city in Katanga Province in the south of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, west of Likasi. It is home to an airport and a railway to Lubumbashi. The population is approximately 418,000....

 
451,168 10.70°S 25.66°E Lualaba
Lualaba Province
Lualaba is a new province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo to be established when the country's new constitution is implemented by dividing Katanga Province into four parts....

Kongolo
Kongolo
Kongolo is a town in Tanganyika District in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.It is located on the west bank of the Lualaba River, the largest headstream of the Congo River. It has 62 455 inhabitants.- Transport :...

 
62,455 5.38°S 26.98°E Tanganyika
Tanganyika Province
Tanganyika is a new province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo to be established when the country's new constitution is implemented by dividing Katanga Province into four parts. Tanganyika province will succeed Katanga's Tanganyika District...

Likasi
Likasi
Likasi, formerly known as Jadotville or Jadotstad, is a city in Haut-Katanga Province, in the south-east of the Democratic Republic of Congo.-Demographics:Likasi has a population of around 367,000...

 
422,535 10.98°S 26.73°E Haut-Katanga
Haut-Katanga Province
Haut-Katanga is a new province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo to be established when the country's new constitution is implemented by dividing Katanga Province into four parts....

Lubudi  21,176 9.95°S 25.97°E Lualaba
Lualaba Province
Lualaba is a new province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo to be established when the country's new constitution is implemented by dividing Katanga Province into four parts....

Lubumbashi
Lubumbashi
Lubumbashi is the second largest city in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, second only to the nation's capital Kinshasa, and the hub of the southeastern part of the country. The copper-mining city serves as the capital of the relatively prosperous Katanga Province, lying near the Zambian border...

 
1,630,186 11.66°S 27.48°E Haut-Katanga
Haut-Katanga Province
Haut-Katanga is a new province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo to be established when the country's new constitution is implemented by dividing Katanga Province into four parts....

Lwambo (Luambo) 12,652 10.82°S 26.78°E
Malemba-Nkulu  28,472 8.03°S 26.80°E Haut-Lomami
Haut-Lomami Province
Haut-Lomani is a new province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo to be established when the country's new constitution is implemented by dividing Katanga Province into four parts....

Manono
Manono, Democratic Republic of the Congo
Manono is a town and territory in Katanga Province, Democratic Republic of the Congo. It lies on the western bank of a tributary of the Luvua River. The town is a river port, with barges bringing cargo from Lubumbashi. Manono is also connected to a disused railway line...

 
56,048 7.30°S 27.45°E Tanganyika
Tanganyika Province
Tanganyika is a new province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo to be established when the country's new constitution is implemented by dividing Katanga Province into four parts. Tanganyika province will succeed Katanga's Tanganyika District...

Mitwaba  4,116 8.63°S 27.33°E Haut-Katanga
Haut-Katanga Province
Haut-Katanga is a new province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo to be established when the country's new constitution is implemented by dividing Katanga Province into four parts....

Moba  58,324 7.06°S 29.72°E Tanganyika
Tanganyika Province
Tanganyika is a new province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo to be established when the country's new constitution is implemented by dividing Katanga Province into four parts. Tanganyika province will succeed Katanga's Tanganyika District...

Mokambo  22,481 12.42°S 28.35°E
Mulongo  57,775 7.83°S 27.00°E
Mutshatsha
Mutshatsha
Mutshatsha is a town in central Democratic Republic of the Congo.- See also :* Railway stations in DRCongo* Transport in the Democratic Republic of the Congo- External links :* * *...

 
6,615 10.65°S 24.45°E Lualaba
Lualaba Province
Lualaba is a new province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo to be established when the country's new constitution is implemented by dividing Katanga Province into four parts....

Nyunzu  40,460 5.95°S 28.02°E Tanganyika
Tanganyika Province
Tanganyika is a new province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo to be established when the country's new constitution is implemented by dividing Katanga Province into four parts. Tanganyika province will succeed Katanga's Tanganyika District...

Pweto
Pweto
Pweto is a town in the Katanga Province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo . It is the administrative center of the Pweto Territory. The town was the scene of a decisive battle in December 2000 during the Second Congo War which resulted in both sides making more active efforts to achieve...

 
24,767 8.47°S 28.90°E Haut-Katanga
Haut-Katanga Province
Haut-Katanga is a new province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo to be established when the country's new constitution is implemented by dividing Katanga Province into four parts....

Sakania
Sakania
Sakania is a town in Haut-Katanga District, in the far south of the Democratic Republic of Congo, near the border with Zambia.It is located at an elevation of 1278m asl ,therefore it has a cool climate....

 
9,650 12.75°S 28.57°E Haut-Katanga
Haut-Katanga Province
Haut-Katanga is a new province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo to be established when the country's new constitution is implemented by dividing Katanga Province into four parts....

Sandoa  9,698 9.68°S 22.87°E Lualaba
Lualaba Province
Lualaba is a new province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo to be established when the country's new constitution is implemented by dividing Katanga Province into four parts....


Notable Katangans

  • Laurent-Désiré Kabila
    Laurent-Désiré Kabila
    Laurent-Désiré Kabila was President of the Democratic Republic of the Congo from May 17, 1997, when he overthrew Mobutu Sese Seko, until his assassination by his bodyguards on January 18, 2001...

     former President of the Democratic Republic of the Congo
  • Moise Tshombe
    Moise Tshombe
    Moïse Kapenda Tshombe was a Congolese politician.- Biography :He was the son of a successful Congolese businessman and was born in Musumba, Congo. He received his education from an American missionary school and later trained as an accountant...

     former President of the breakaway State of Katanga
  • Barbara Kanam
    Barbara Kanam
    Barbara Kanam is a globally recognized and award winning Congolese singer-songwriter. She is also a music producer and an actress...

     popular African music singer

See also

  • State of Katanga
    State of Katanga
    Katanga was a breakaway state proclaimed on 11 July 1960 separating itself from the newly independent Democratic Republic of the Congo. In revolt against the new government of Patrice Lumumba in July, Katanga declared independence under Moise Tshombe, leader of the local CONAKAT party...

  • Congo Free State
    Congo Free State
    The Congo Free State was a large area in Central Africa which was privately controlled by Leopold II, King of the Belgians. Its origins lay in Leopold's attracting scientific, and humanitarian backing for a non-governmental organization, the Association internationale africaine...

  • Congo Pedicle
    Congo Pedicle
    The Congo Pedicle refers to the southeast salient of the Katanga Province of the Democratic Republic of Congo which sticks into neighbouring Zambia almost dividing it into two lobes, like the wings of a butterfly. In area the pedicle is similar in size to Wales or New Jersey...

  • Msiri

External links



The source of this article is wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.  The text of this article is licensed under the GFDL.
 
x
OK