Jyotirishwar Thakur
Jyotirishwar Thakur or (1290–1350) was a Sanskrit
Sanskrit , is a historical Indo-Aryan language and the primary liturgical language of Hinduism, Jainism and Buddhism.Buddhism: besides Pali, see Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Today, it is listed as one of the 22 scheduled languages of India and is an official language of the state of Uttarakhand...

 poet and an early Maithili
Maithili language
Maithili language is spoken in the eastern region of India and South-eastern region of Nepal. The native speakers of Maithili reside in Bihar, Jharkhand,parts of West Bengal and South-east Nepal...

 writer, known for the , his encyclopedic work in Maithili.


His was son of and grandson of . He was the court poet of King Harisimhadeva of Karnata dynasty of Mithila (r. 1300–1324).

Major works

His most significant work in Maithili, the (1324) is an encyclopedic work in prose. This work contains descriptions of various subjects and situations. This work provides valuable information about the life and culture of medieval India. The text is divided into seven Kallolas (waves): , , , , , and . An incomplete list of 84 Siddha
A Siddha सिद्ध in Sanskrit means "one who is accomplished" and refers to perfected masters who, according to Hindu belief, have transcended the ahamkara , have subdued their minds to be subservient to their Awareness, and have transformed their bodies into a different kind of body dominated by...

s is found in the text, which consists only 76 names. A manuscript of this text is preserved in the Asiatic Society, Kolkata (ms. no 4834 of Asiatic Society of Bengal).

His major Sanskrit play, the (The Meeting of the Knaves) (1320) is a two act Prahasana (comedy). The play relates the contest between a religious mendicant and his disciple over a lovely courtesan whom the Brahmin arbitrator keeps for himself. Superior characters in this drama speak in Sanskrit, inferior characters speak in Prakrit and the songs are in Maithili.

His another Sanskrit work, the (Five Arrows) in five parts deals with the same topics which are dealt in the other standard works on the .

External links

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